Flying Fish Cove

Flying Fish Cove (Chinese: 飛魚灣 (Fēiyú wān), Malay: Pantai Ikan Terbang) is the capital city and main settlement of Australia's Christmas Island. Although it was originally named after British survey-ship Flying-Fish, many maps simply label it “The Settlement”.[1] It was the first British settlement on the island, established in 1888.

About a third of the territory's total population of 1,600 lives in Flying Fish Cove, which lies near the north-eastern tip of the island. There is a small harbour which serves tourists with yachts. It is possible to carry out recreational diving at the settlement's beach.[2]

Christmas Island-CIA WFB Map
Map of Christmas Island showing the location of Flying Fish Cove 'The Settlement'
Flying Fish Cove
Flying Fish Cove


  1. ^ Christmas Island settlement [electronic resource] / produced by the Royal Australian Survey Corps under the direction of the Chief of the General Staff. Ed. 2-AAS. Canberra : Royal Australian Survey Corps, 1983. Scale 1:10 000 transverse Mercator proj. “Series R911”
  2. ^ Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). 19 January 1917. See page 24, article and photo

Further reading

  • Golder Associates.(1995) Landslide risk assessment, Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean : submitted to Australian Construction Services. Leederville, W.A. : Golder Associates. "October 1995"

Coordinates: 10°25′18″S 105°40′41″E / 10.42167°S 105.67806°E

Christmas Island

The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around 350 kilometres (220 mi) south of Java and Sumatra and around 1,550 kilometres (960 mi) north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi).

Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and European Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion.

The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.

Christmas Island Phosphate Co.'s Railway

The Christmas Island Phosphate Co.'s Railway was a 19.7 km (12¼ miles) long industrial railway between Flying Fish Cove and South Point on Christmas Island.

Christmas Island cuisine

The cuisine of Christmas Island can best be described as an eclectic combination of traditional Australian cuisine and Asian cuisine, particularly meals from Malaysia and Indonesia.


Drumsite is a settlement in the Christmas Island, Australia. Is located on the northeast coast, near the capital, Flying Fish Cove. The ethnic composition of the population is Chinese and European. In the area there are migration routes of red crabs that are protected.The Drumsite Village project, a new housing development, was approved by the Gillard administration amid concerns about the growing number of asylum seekers on the island, and is administered by a Queensland company.

Episkopi Cantonment

Episkopi Cantonment (Greek: Επισκοπή, Turkish: Episkopi Cantonment) is the capital of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus, administered as a base. It is located in the middle of the Western Sovereign Base Area, one of the two areas which comprise the territory. Although it is not the largest of the British military bases on the island, it is home to both the civilian and military administration headquarters of the Sovereign Base Areas. Episkopi is the current command centre of British Forces Cyprus.

Greater Kuala Lumpur


Greater Kuala Lumpur is the geographical term that determines the boundaries of Metropolitan Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. Though similar to the term "Klang Valley", there remains a variation between the two.

It is similar to Greater London and Greater Toronto. It covers an area of 2,793.27 square km.

Index of Christmas Island-related articles

This page list topics related to Christmas Island.

List of airports in territories of Australia

This is a list of airports in the territories of Australia, excluding the Northern Territory, for which there is a separate list.

List of settlements on Christmas Island

The following are settlements on Christmas Island; there are no cities on the island.


Flying Fish Cove (largest settlement)

Poon Saan

Silver City

List of shipwrecks in the Indian Ocean

This is a list of shipwrecks in the Indian Ocean.

MV Tycoon

MV Tycoon was a cargo ship that was under management by Ocean Grow International Shipmanagement, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. She was wrecked on 8 January 2012 after breaking her moorings and was pushed into the cliffs at Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island and broke up, spilling oil and phosphate into the sea. All fifteen crew were rescued by Royal Australian Navy RIBs. Built by Sanyo Shipbuilding, Onomichi, Japan and launched in 1983 as Seizan. Tycoon has been known as Sun Rose, Kumiko L., Aki Ace, Galcrest and Euro Coaster during her career.

Outline of Christmas Island

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Christmas Island:

Christmas Island is a small territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean, 2600 kilometres (1600 mi) northwest of Perth in Western Australia, 500 kilometres (300 mi) south of Jakarta, Indonesia, and 975 km ENE of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Christmas Island supports about 1,600 residents, who live in a number of "settlement areas" on the northern tip of the island: Flying Fish Cove (also known as Kampong), Silver City, Poon Saan and Drumsite.

Peperomia rossii

Peperomia rossii is a species of plant in the Piperaceae family. It is endemic to Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the north-eastern Indian Ocean. Its specific epithet honours the Clunies-Ross family which established the Flying Fish Cove settlement on Christmas Island in 1888.

Poon Saan

Poon Saan is the second largest town on Christmas Island, an external territory of Australia. Ethnic Chinese make up the majority of inhabitants. In Cantonese, Poon Saan (半山, Jyutping: bun3 saan1) means "halfway up the hill". The architecture of Poon Saan reflects the Chinese heritage of the majority of residents in being Singapore style units, rather than the Western style common in Flying Fish Cove.The Java sparrow has become established on the island with populations near Poon Saan.

Silver City, Christmas Island

Silver City is a settlement in Christmas Island, Australia. It is not far from the capital, Flying Fish Cove. In the population there are Chinese, European and a minority of Malays. The settlement was founded in the 1970s, and the houses were built with aluminum and other metals with the intention of being able to withstand cyclones. In the settlement, there are also large houses made in the contemporary Australian style.

The Settlement

The Settlement may refer to:

The Settlement (1984 film)

The Settlement (1999 film)

Flying Fish Cove, the main settlement on Christmas Island

The Settlement (BVI), the main town on Anegada in the British Virgin Islands

Edinburgh of the Seven Seas, capital and main settlement of Tristan da Cunha

United Nations geoscheme for Oceania

The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for Oceania.

West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

West Island (Malay: Pulau Panjang, Cocos Malay: Pulu Panjang) is the capital of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. The population is roughly 120 and consists mainly of Europeans. It is the less populous of the two inhabited islands (the other is Home Island). It was part of the Clunies-Ross plantation and an airstrip was built here during World War II. As well as all the government buildings, it contains the airport, a general store and tourist accommodation. In November 2013 it was revealed that the Australian Signals Directorate operates a listening station on West Island. Wullenweber and Adcock antenna systems as well as two satellite dish antennae are clearly visible via Google satellite view.

Capitals of Asia

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