Fleurieu Peninsula from space, November 1985
It was named after Charles Pierre Claret de Fleurieu, the French explorer and hydrographer, by the French explorer Nicolas Baudin as he explored the south coast of Australia in 1802. The name came in official use in 1911 in response to a recommendation to the South Australian Government from the Royal Geographical Society of South Australia following a representation from Count Alphonse de Fleurieu, a great-nephew of Charles de Fleurieu, that places in South Australia discovered by but unnamed by Matthew Flinders be given the names proposed by Baudin's expedition.
The Geographical Names Advisory Committee advised in 2001 that the extent of the peninsula is:
that portion of land between Gulf St. Vincent and the Southern Ocean (sic), a line from Aldinga (sic) (southern end of Aldinga Bay) to Middleton (eastern end) being the cut-off for the peninsula. This boundary has not to be gazetted at present, and is intended to be the extent of the geographic feature only and is not to be applied to any industry or interest group regional identification.
Towns on the peninsula include Victor Harbor, Normanville, Yankalilla and Rapid Bay. Districts include Inman Valley and Hindmarsh Valley. A ferry travels between Cape Jervis, at the tip of the peninsula, and Kangaroo Island. There is surfing on both the west and south facing coasts - known locally to Adelaide surfers as the Mid South Coast and the Far South Coast. Surf spots of note include Waitpinga and Middleton on the Far South Coast.
The Backstairs Passage is a strait in South Australia lying between Fleurieu Peninsula on the Australian mainland and Dudley Peninsula on the eastern end of Kangaroo Island. The western edge of the passage is a line from Cape Jervis on Fleurieu Peninsula to Kangaroo Head (west of Penneshaw) on Kangaroo Island. The Pages, a group of islets, lie in the eastern entrance to the strait. About 14 km wide at its narrowest, it was formed by the rising sea around 13,000 years ago, at the end of the Pleistocene era, when it submerged the land connecting what is now Kangaroo Island with the Fleurieu Peninsula. Backstairs Passage was named by Matthew Flinders whilst he and his crew on HMS Investigator were exploring and mapping the coastline of South Australia in 1802.Bungala River
The Bungala River is a river located on the Fleurieu Peninsula in the Australian state of South Australia.Deep Creek Conservation Park
Deep Creek Conservation Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located on the southern coast of Fleurieu Peninsula in the gazetted localities of Deep Creek and Delamere about 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) east of Cape Jervis. The conservation park encompasses 18 kilometres (11 miles) of coastline, which include views across Backstairs Passage to Kangaroo Island. The conservation park consists of mainly rolling coastal hills, the gullies of which contain orchids and ferns, while the hilltops have stunted scrub and low windswept trees. Walking trails (including part of the famous Heysen Trail) provide access to most of the conservation park. It is classified as an IUCN class II protected area.District Council of Yankalilla
The District Council of Yankalilla is a local government area centred on the town of Yankalilla on the Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia.
It was created on 23 October 1856, when the District Council of Yankalilla and Myponga was divided into two. It later absorbed two other councils: the District Council of Myponga on 5 January 1888, one of a number of amalgamations mandated under the District Councils Act 1887, and later the District Council of Rapid Bay on 12 May 1932.The district has a rich history, as one of the earliest South Australian coastal settlements, and a wide range of agricultural activities having taken place. Today the district remains agricultural in nature, supplemented by tourism and forestry.Eric Bonython Conservation Park
Eric Bonython Conservation Park (formerly Eric Bonython National Parks Reserve) is a protected area in South Australia located about 16 kilometres (9.9 miles) south of the town of the Yankalilla.The conservation park was proclaimed under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 in 1972. On 9 November 1967, it was proclaimed under the National Parks Act 1966 as Eric Bonython National Parks Reserve.Prior to 1967, it was already under statutory protection."As of 2011, the conservation park was described as being "a fine, but small, example of the pre-European settlement vegetation that once covered this area." The conservation park contains a dominant forest of Messmate Stringybark with an understorey including "tall shrubs and mid ferns" as well as the nationally endangered perennial herb, Osborn's Eyebright.The conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category Ia protected area.Finniss River (South Australia)
The Finniss River drains part of the east side of Fleurieu Peninsula into Lake Alexandrina in South Australia. It is part of the Murray–Darling basin.
The Finniss River starts east of Yundi and flows roughly east to its mouth in the Goolwa Channel of the lower Murray River, opposite Hindmarsh Island. It supports a wide range of flora (both natural and introduced weed species) and macroinvertebrates despite much of the catchment being cleared and grazed.During the 2006–2010 drought, low water levels in Lake Alexandrina and the outflows of the Finniss River and Currency Creek exposed acid sulfate soils which would normally be submerged. Temporary flow regulators were installed in August–September 2009 across the Goolwa Channel to maintain the water level to keep these soils wet to prevent more acid being leached out. They were partially removed in September 2010 and completely by October 2012.Fleurieu zone
Fleurieu zone is a wine zone located south of Adelaide in South Australia. It extends from Kangaroo Island in the west as far north as Flagstaff Hill on the west side of the Mount Lofty Ranges and to as far north as Langhorne Creek on the east side of the Mount Lofty Ranges. It consists of the following five wine regions, each of which has received appellation as an Australian Geographical Indication (AGI): Currency Creek, Kangaroo Island, Langhorne Creek, McLaren Vale and the Southern Fleurieu.Granite Island Recreation Park
Granite Island Recreation Park is a protected area including all of Granite Island which is about 0.6 kilometres (0.37 miles) south-east of Victor Harbor in South Australia and about 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of Adelaide. It is reported as being 'the most visited park in South Australia'. It was proclaimed in 1999 under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 and is categorised as an IUCN Category IV protected area.Gulf St Vincent
Gulf St Vincent is a large inlet of water on the southern coast of Australia, in the state of South Australia. It is bordered by Yorke Peninsula on its west, the mainland and Fleurieu Peninsula to its east, with its entrance being a line from Troubridge Point on Yorke Peninsula to Cape Jervis on Fleurieu Peninsula.Adelaide, the South Australian capital, lies midway along the gulf's east coast. Other towns located on the gulf, from west to east include Edithburgh, Port Vincent, Ardrossan and Port Wakefield and Normanville. It was named "Gulph of St. Vincent" by Matthew Flinders on 30 March 1802, in honour of Admiral John Jervis (1st Earl of St Vincent). It was later mapped by Nicolas Baudin, who named it as Golphe Josephine, after his meeting with Flinders at Encounter Bay on 8 April 1802. Due to Flinders' lengthy imprisonment on Mauritius during his return to England, the publication of Baudin's map preceded that of Flinders by three years.
The Adelaide Desalination Plant which is located on Gulf St Vincent's eastern shore in Lonsdale, supplies the Adelaide metropolitan area with desalinated water from the gulf. It officially opened in 2013.Heysen Trail
The Heysen Trail is a long distance walking trail in South Australia. It runs from Parachilna Gorge, in the Flinders Ranges via the Adelaide Hills to Cape Jervis on the Fleurieu Peninsula and is approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) in length.Ingalalla Waterfalls
The Ingalalla Waterfalls is a cascade waterfall in the Australian state of South Australia located in the locality of Hay Flat on an unnamed creek on the Fleurieu Peninsula.The waterfall is situated approximately 8.3 kilometres (5.2 mi) south of the town of Yankalilla and 70 kilometres (43 mi) south southwest of the state capital of Adelaide, the waterfalls descend from an elevation of 253 metres (830 ft) above sea level in the range of 81–92 metres (266–302 ft) to the Second Valley below.Its name was approved on 25 May 2000 in response to "a request for clarification from the Royal Automobile Association on which name to use for the feature."Inman River
The Inman River is a small river draining the eastern side of the Fleurieu Peninsula in the Australian state of South Australia.Newland Head Conservation Park
Newland Head Conservation Park is a protected area located in South Australia within the locality of Waitpinga on the southern coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula 91 km south of the centre of Adelaide, and 7 km southwest of Victor Harbor. Its name is taken from Newland Head that feature prominently at the eastern boundary of the park. The conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category III protected area.The park features two long beaches, Waitpinga and Parsons, which are used by surfers and fishers, but are not suitable for swimming due to strong rips and hidden gutters. The park also features several walking trails, including part of the Heysen Trail.Normanville, South Australia
Normanville is a coastal town in the Australian state of South Australia on the west coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula.Southern Fleurieu wine region
Southern Fleurieu wine region is a wine region in South Australia that is located on the Fleurieu Peninsula and the portion of the Mount Lofty Ranges extending north east from the peninsula to near Willunga in the west and to near Ashbourne in the east. The region received appellation as an Australian Geographical Indication (AGI) in 2001 and as of 2014, has a total planted area of 510 ha (1,300 acres) and is represented by 50 growers and at least 19 wineries.Talisker Conservation Park
Talisker Conservation Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located on the south-western area of the Fleurieu Peninsula near the town of Cape Jervis and adjacent to Deep Creek Conservation Park. The conservation park covers 211 ha (520 acres) including areas of thick scrub, some steep walking tracks and the heritage-listed remains of a nineteenth century silver and lead mine.Waitpinga Conservation Park
Waitpinga Conservation Park (formerly the Waitpinga National Parks Reserve) is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located about 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) south of the town of the Yankalilla in the gazetted locality of Parawa.On 9 November 1967, it was proclaimed under the National Parks Act 1966 as the Waitpinga National Parks Reserve in respect to an area of land already under statutory protection. The conservation park was proclaimed under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 on 27 April 1972.As of 2011, it was described as being "dedicated to the conservation of the rare Coral Fern." The conservation park contains a "low open forest of stringbark and Pink Gum, over an understorey of bracken, tea-tree, sedges and grasses." Notable fauna includes the Chestnut-rumped heathwren, which is a nationally-listed endangered species.The conservation park is within the extent of "Illawong Swamp" which is listed as a wetland of national importance and immediately adjoins a forestry plantation operated by ForestrySA as part of its Second Valley Forest operation.The conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category III protected area.West Island (South Australia)
West Island is a 10 hectares (25 acres) granite island lying 0.8 kilometres (0.50 miles) off the southern coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula, South Australia, 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) south-west of the town of Victor Harbor. It rises to a maximum height of about 40 metres (130 feet) in the south-west. Its main conservation value lies its seabird colonies.West Island Conservation Park
West Island Conservation Park is a protected area occupying both West Island and Seal Island in coastal waters near Victor Harbor in South Australia. The park was proclaimed in 1972 following the enactment of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 with the protection initially applying to West Island only which itself previously had reserve status under the Fauna Conservation Act 1964-1965. Seal Island was added to the park in 1979. The purpose of the park is to protect the breeding populations of bird species present on both islands such as little penguins, silver gulls, crested terns, Caspian terns and fairy terns. The conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category Ia protected area.
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Australian places named by French explorers in the 18th and 19th centuries
Only places with the name still in use in either the original or anglicised version are listed above. Many names have been anglicised; for these the original French name appears in brackets.