Flatlands, Brooklyn

Flatlands is a neighborhood in the southeast part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. The area is part of Brooklyn Community Board 18.[3]

Originally an independent town,[4][5] Flatlands became part of the City of Brooklyn in 1896.[6]

The current neighborhood borders are roughly defined by Avenue H to the north, Avenue U to the south, Ralph Avenue to the east, Flatbush Avenue to the southwest and Nostrand Avenue to the northwest.

Flatlands
Jans Martense Schenck house, Flatlands, built 1675, formerly at Avenue U and East 63rd Street
Jans Martense Schenck house, Flatlands, built 1675, formerly at Avenue U and East 63rd Street
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°37′16″N 73°56′06″W / 40.621°N 73.935°WCoordinates: 40°37′16″N 73°56′06″W / 40.621°N 73.935°W
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
BoroughBrooklyn
Area
 • Total2.2800 sq mi (5.9053 km2)
Population
 • Total64,762
 • Density28,000/sq mi (11,000/km2)
Ethnicity
 • Black66.3%
 • White18.2
 • Hispanic8.9
 • Asian4.0
 • Other2.6
ZIP code
11234
Area code(s)718, 347, 929, and 917

History

Flatlands was originally known as Nieuw Amersfoort, after the Dutch city of Amersfoort, and was established as a farming community in 1636 when Wolfert Gerritse Van Couwenhoven and Andries Hudde purchased 15,000 acres of land centered on what is now the intersection of Kings Highway and Flatbush Avenue.[4]

Though the area was purchased from Lenape Native Americans,[7] there is no definitive evidence that the area was actually inhabited by them, as the notion of land ownership in Lenape culture differed substantially from that of Europeans and they may have been a transient population.

Flatlands was given the right to local rule in 1661 by Peter Stuyvesant as one of the five Dutch Towns on Long Island.

The town’s growth and development came late, largely due to the lack of a transit system or set of roads connecting it with other parts of Brooklyn. Flatlands was annexed by the city of Brooklyn in 1896.[6]

Land use

Crops typically grown in the area were beans, corn, marsh hay, squash, potato bean and tobacco. Oysters and clams were also farmed and harvested from Jamaica Bay, surrounding marshes and basins. The land-controlling families of Nieuw Amersfoort also kept black slaves to work their farms until the state declared emancipation of all slaves in 1827, after which black laborers took up farming jobs, many times on the farms they worked on as slaves.[8]

Historic buildings

EuropeanBUilding1238a
Colonial architectural details in Flatlands

Historic homes dated to the 18th century include the Stoothoff-Baxter-Kouwenhaven House and Joost Van Nuyse House.[9]

Other historic structures are the Hendrick I. Lott House (East 36th Street between Fillmore Ave and Ave. S, built around 1720), which was a stop on the Underground Railroad, and the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church, founded by Steven Coertse van Voorhees.

Demographics

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Flatlands was 64,762, a decrease of 1,964 (2.9%) from the 66,726 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,249.32 acres (505.58 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 51.8 inhabitants per acre (33,200/sq mi; 12,800/km2).[1]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 18.2% (11,793) White, 66.3% (42,935) African American, 0.2% (158) Native American, 4.0% (2,577) Asian, 0.0% (16) Pacific Islander, 0.5% (334) from other races, and 1.8% (1,196) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.9% (5,753) of the population.[2]

The entirety of Community Board 18, which comprises Canarsie and Flatlands, had 165,543 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 82.0 years.[10]:2, 20 This is slightly higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[11]:53 (PDF p. 84)[12] Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 25% are between the ages of 0–17, 29% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 13% respectively.[10]:2

As of 2016, the median household income in Community Board 18 was $76,647.[13] In 2018, an estimated 15% of Canarsie and Flatlands residents lived in poverty, compared to 21% in all of Brooklyn and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 9% in the rest of both Brooklyn and New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 50% in Canarsie and Flatlands, lower than the citywide and boroughwide rates of 52% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Canarsie and Flatlands are considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[10]:7

Shopping district

Flatlands Av East 20 - Ave N End
End of Avenue N at Flatlands Avenue

The main shopping streets in Flatlands are Utica Avenue, Flatbush Avenue, Avenue N, and Ralph Avenue. Residents also commonly shop at the nearby indoor mall, Kings Plaza, located by the borders of Flatlands and Marine Park, while being across the water to Mill Basin.

Police and crime

Flatlands is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 63rd Precinct. The precinct also covers Marine Park, Mill Basin, and Bergen Beach.[14] The 63rd Precinct ranked 31st safest out of 69 city precincts for per-capita crime in 2010.[15] With a non-fatal assault rate of 46 per 100,000 people, Canarsie and Flatlands's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 380 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.[10]:8

The 63rd Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 85.9% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 5 murders, 14 rapes, 88 robberies, 131 felony assaults, 92 burglaries, 495 grand larcenies, and 62 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[16]

Fire safety

The New York City Fire Department (FDNY)'s Engine Co. 309/Ladder Co. 159 is located at 1851 East 48th Street.[17][18]

Health

Preterm births are more common in Canarsie and Flatlands than in other places citywide, though teenage births are less common. In Canarsie and Flatlands, there were 89 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 11.6 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[10]:11 Canarsie and Flatlands has a relatively low population of residents who are uninsured, or who receive healthcare through Medicaid.[19] In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 21%, which is higher than the citywide rate of 12%.[10]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Canarsie and Flatlands is 0.0071 milligrams per cubic metre (7.1×10−9 oz/cu ft), lower than the citywide and boroughwide averages.[10]:9 Fifteen percent of Canarsie and Flatlands residents are smokers, which is slightly higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[10]:13 In Canarsie and Flatlands, 30% of residents are obese, 14% are diabetic, and 37% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[10]:16 In addition, 21% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[10]:12

Eighty-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 77% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly less than the city's average of 78%.[10]:13 For every supermarket in Canarsie and Flatlands, there are 9 bodegas.[10]:10

Post offices and ZIP code

Flatlands is covered by ZIP Code 11234.[20] The United States Post Office's Canarsie Station is located at 10201 Flatlands Avenue,[21] while the Ryder Station is located at 1739 East 45th Street.[22]

Education

Flatlands Av East 22 - PS 207 Annex
PS 207 Annex

Canarsie and Flatlands generally has a similar ratio of college-educated residents to the rest of the city. Though 40% of residents have a college education or higher, 13% have less than a high school education and 48% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 40% of Brooklynites and 38% of city residents have a college education or higher.[10]:6 The percentage of Canarsie and Flatlands students excelling in math rose from 40 percent in 2000 to 57 percent in 2011, though reading achievement decreased from 48% to 46% during the same time period.[23]

Canarsie and Flatlands's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly lower than the rest of New York City. In Canarsie and Flatlands, 17% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, compared to the citywide average of 20% of students.[23]:24 (PDF p. 55)[10]:6 Additionally, 80% of high school students in Canarsie and Flatlands graduate on time, equal to the citywide average of 75% of students.[10]:6

Schools

Flatlands contains the following public elementary schools which serve grades PK-5 unless otherwise indicated:[24]

  • PS 119 Amersfort[25]
  • PS 203 Floyd Bennett[26]
  • PS 251 Paerdegat[27]
  • PS 326 (grades PK-2)[28]

The following schools are located nearby:[24]

  • PS 207 Elizabeth G Leary (grades PK-8), in Marine Park[29]
  • PS 222 Katherine R Snyder (grades PK-5), in Marine Park[30]
  • PS 236 Mill Basin (grades PK-5), in Mill Basin[31]
  • PS 312 Bergen Beach (grades PK-5), in Bergen Beach[32]
  • JHS 78 Roy H Mann (grades 6-8), in Bergen Beach[33]
  • Brooklyn Theatre Arts High School (grades 9-12), in Canarsie

Libraries

BPL Flatlands Av P jeh
Brooklyn Public Library, Flatlands branch

The Brooklyn Public Library (BPL) has two branches in Flatlands. The Flatlands branch is located at 2065 Flatbush Avenue near Avenue P. It was opened in a former Prudential Savings Bank branch in 1949, and moved to its current 6,000-square-foot (560 m2) space in 1955.[34]

The Paerdegat branch is located at 850 East 59th Street near Paerdegat Avenue South. It opened in 1950 and moved to its current building in 1959.[35]

Transportation

No New York City Subway service runs into Flatlands. However, many residents live within walking distance of the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 and ​5 trains) which terminates at the junction of Flatbush and Nostrand Avenues; others use buses to get to the BMT Brighton Line (B and ​Q trains) or the BMT Canarsie Line (L train). Local and express buses are also used as a means of travel in and around the area. As of June 2013, the buses that serve Flatlands are the B2, B3, B6, B7, B9, B41, B44, B44 SBS, B46, B46 SBS, B47, B82, B82 SBS, B100, B103, BM1, BM2, Q35.[36]

Notable residents

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  3. ^ Brooklyn Community Boards, New York City. Accessed December 31, 2007.
  4. ^ a b 1832-1909., Stiles, Henry Reed, (c. 2009). A history of the city of Brooklyn : including the old towns of Brooklyn, Bushwick, and Williamsburgh. Carlisle, Mass.: Applewood Books. ISBN 1429022221. OCLC 502030985.
  5. ^ http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~25380~1020007:Narrows-Jamaica-Bay,-Brooklyn-?sort=Pub_List_No_InitialSort%2CPub_Date%2CPub_List_No%2CSeries_No&qvq=w4s:/where%2FNew%2BYork%2Fwhen%2F1891;q:Kings%2BCounty;sort:Pub_List_No_InitialSort%2CPub_Date%2CPub_List_No%2CSeries_No;lc:RUMSEY~8~1&mi=6&trs=14
  6. ^ a b Manbeck, John B. (2008), Brooklyn: Historically Speaking, Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, ISBN 978-1-59629-500-1, p.79
  7. ^ Kilgannon, Corey (2007-11-01). "Dutch Deed Fetches More Than a Handful of Beads". City Room. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  8. ^ http://brooklynonline.com/history/hubbard.html
  9. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Flatlands and Canarsie (Including Bergen Beach, Canarsie, Flatlands, Georgetown, Marine Park and Mill Basin)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  11. ^ "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  12. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  13. ^ "NYC-Brooklyn Community District 18--Canarsie & Flatlands PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  14. ^ "NYPD – 63rd Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Flatlands – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  16. ^ "63rd Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  17. ^ "Engine Company 309/Ladder Company 159". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  18. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  19. ^ New York City Health Provider Partnership Brooklyn Community Needs Assessment: Final Report, New York Academy of Medicine (October 3, 2014).
  20. ^ "NYC Neighborhood ZIP Code Definitions". New York State Department of Health. November 7, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  21. ^ "Location Details: Canarsie". USPS.com. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  22. ^ "Location Details: Ryder". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  23. ^ a b "Flatlands/Canarsie – BK 18" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  24. ^ a b Zillow. "Flatlands New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  25. ^ "P.S. 119 Amersfort". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  26. ^ "P.S. 203 Floyd Bennett School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  27. ^ "P.S. 251 Paerdegat". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  28. ^ "P.S. 326". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  29. ^ "P.S. 207 Elizabeth G. Leary". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  30. ^ "P.S. 222 Katherine R. Snyder". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  31. ^ "P.S. 236 Mill Basin". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  32. ^ "P.S. 312 Bergen Beach". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  33. ^ "J.H.S. 078 Roy H. Mann". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  34. ^ "Flatlands Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  35. ^ "Paerdegat Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 22, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  36. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.

Further reading

External links

Coe House

Coe House may refer to:

Amos B. Coe House, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Coe House (Grass Lake, Michigan), also known as the Henry and Aurora (Walker) Vinkle House

Coe House (Burkesville, Kentucky)

Coe Hall Historic House Museum in the Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park, Oyster Bay, New York

Joost Van Nuyse House, also known as the Ditmas Coe House, Flatlands, Brooklyn, New York

Coe House at the Gypsy Camp Historic District, Benton County, Arkansas

Coert van Voorhees

Coert Stevense van Voorhees (1637–1702), a settler of New Netherland is remembered today as progenitor of numerous American families, and as an early settler of Brooklyn.

Dominick Napolitano

Dominick Napolitano (June 16, 1930 – August 17, 1981), also known as Sonny Black, was an American Mafia caporegime in the Bonanno crime family. He is well known for unwittingly allowing Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent Joseph D. Pistone to become an associate in his crew and nearly getting him made.

John King Jr.

John B. King Jr. (born 1975) is the President and CEO of The Education Trust. He served as the 10th United States Secretary of Education from 2016 to 2017. Immediately before he assumed leadership of the Department, he served as its Acting Deputy Secretary, and from 2011 to 2014 he was the New York State Education Commissioner. The former Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan, was charged with implementing the No Child Left Behind Act; however, King was obliged to carry out the provisions of that law's modified successor legislation, the Every Student Succeeds Act.

Joost Van Nuyse House

Joost Van Nuyse House, also known as the Ditmas Coe House, is a historic home located in Flatlands, Brooklyn, New York, New York. The original section was built in 1744 and enlarged between 1793 and 1806. It was moved to its present site in 1925. It is a ​1 1⁄2-story frame house with a steeply pitched flared roof.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

Joseph Scorney

Joseph "Joey" Scorney (c. 1953 Canarsie, Brooklyn - September 28, 1978 Flatlands, Brooklyn) was an Irish-American who was involved in grand theft auto. He turned down becoming a mob associate/car thief for Mobster Roy DeMeo because he wanted to avoid being involved with the mafia, and this led to his murder by Roy Demeo associate's Vito Arena and Ritchie DiNome. The DeMeo crew consisted of car thieves, drug dealers and murderers suspected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of somewhere between 75-200 murders from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.

Leonard DiMaria

Leonard "Lenny" DiMaria (born 1955), also known as "Prateek" and "the Conductor", is a New York mobster and Caporegime in the Gambino crime family. He is considered by law enforcement to be a close associate of Nicholas Corozzo and has served as his right-hand-man for almost 30 years.

List of renamed places in the United States

These are the list of renamed places in the United States --- various political and physical entities in the U.S. that have had their names changed, though not by merger, split, or any other process which was not one-to-one. It also generally does not include differences due to a change in status, for example, a "River Bluff Recreation Area" the becomes "River Bluff State Parkway".

Neil Bogart

Neil E. Bogart (born Neil Scott Bogatz, February 3, 1943 – May 8, 1982) was an American record executive. He is perhaps best remembered as the founder of Casablanca Records (which later became Casablanca Record and Filmworks).

Nicholas Santora

Nicholas Angelo "Nicky Mouth" Santora (June 21, 1942 - October 27, 2018) is the reputed underboss of the Bonanno crime family.

Paolo LiCastri

Paolo LiCastri (June 5, 1935, Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily – June 13, 1979, Flatlands, Brooklyn) was a Gambino crime family associate who worked under Carlo Cambino and Carmine Galante. With the Gambino family, LiCastri was inducted as a made man.

Philip S. Crooke

Philip Schuyler Crooke (March 2, 1810 – March 17, 1881) was a United States Representative from New York.

Born in Poughkeepsie, he graduated from Dutchess Academy, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1831, and commenced practice in Brooklyn. He moved to Flatbush in 1838 and was a member of the Board of Supervisors of Kings County from 1844 to 1852, and from 1858 to 1870, and chairman of the board in 1861, 1862, 1864 and 1865. He was a presidential elector in 1852, voting for Franklin Pierce and William R. King; and was a Republican Union member of the New York State Assembly (Kings Co., 1st D.) in 1864.

Pieter Claesen Wyckoff

Pieter Claesen Wyckoff (ca. 1620 – June 30, 1694) was a prominent figure in Dutch and later English colonial Kings County, Long Island, New York. Most persons surnamed Wyckoff in North America, including many variations in spelling, can be traced to his family. After some time spent at Rensselaerwyck, near present-day Albany, New York, in 1655 Pieter moved his family into a rented house in New Amersfoort (present day Flatlands, Brooklyn). Pieter Claesen prospered here, acquired land and became a local judge (justice of the peace). He was influential in establishing the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church at the juncture of Flatbush Avenue and Kings Highway in Brooklyn. The Wyckoffs are prominent members in Manalapan, New Jersey.

Richard DiNome

Richard "Richie" DiNome (September 7, 1954 Pigtown, Brooklyn - February 4, 1984 Gravesend, Brooklyn) was an alleged member of the DeMeo crew under the Gambino crime family. He was the younger brother of Gambino associate and government informant Frederick DiNome.

Steven van Voorhees

Steven Coertse van Voorhees (1600 – 16 February 1684) was an early Dutch settler in America and the patriarch of the Voorhees family line and namesakes.

In 1664, he was a magistrate of what is now Flatlands and founder of the Dutch Reformed Church in present-day Flatlands, Brooklyn.

Stoothoff–Baxter–Kouwenhaven House

Stoothoff–Baxter–Kouwenhaven House is a historic home located in Flatlands, Brooklyn, New York, New York. The original section was built in 1747 and the larger main portion dates to 1811. A kitchen wing was added in 1880. It is one and one half stories with steeply pitched gable roofs, curved projecting eaves, and end chimneys. The main entrance features a Dutch door.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Van Wickle House

The Van Wickle House, also known as the Symen Van Wickle House, is a historical house located at 1289 Easton Avenue in the Somerset section of Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. It was built in 1722 by Symen Van Wickle, also known as Symen Van Wicklin. The house, historically known as The Meadows, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 4, 1973.

Wolfert Gerritse van Couwenhoven

Wolfert Gerritse Van Couwenhoven (1 May 1579 – 1662), also known as Wolphert Gerretse van Kouwenhoven and Wolphert Gerretse, was an original patentee, director of bouweries (farms), and a founder of the New Netherland colony.

He also founded the first European settlement on Long Island, called New Amersfoort, and was a Schepen of New Amsterdam in 1654. He is noted as playing an "active role in laying the foundations of the communities of Manhattan, Albany, Rensselaer, and Brooklyn."The progenitor of the Vanderbilt family, Jan Aertszoon (1620–1705), also known as Jan Aertson, a Dutch farmer from the village of De Bilt in Utrecht, Netherlands, emigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland as an indentured servant to the Van Kouwenhoven family in 1650.

New Netherland series
Exploration
Fortifications:
Settlements:
The Patroon System
People of New Netherland
Flushing Remonstrance
New Netherlands Seal Vector
Brooklyn
Manhattan
Queens
Staten Island
The Bronx

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