Flag of Slovenia

The national flag of Slovenia features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Slovenian coat of arms located in the upper hoist side of the flag centred in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the centre; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovenian dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.[2]

The flag's colours are considered to be Pan-Slavic, but they actually come from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola, consisting of a blue eagle on a white background with a red-and-gold crescent.[3] The existing Slovene tricolor was raised for the first time in history during the Revolution of 1848 by the Slovene Romantic nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman on 7 April 1848, in Ljubljana, in response to a German flag which was raised on top of Ljubljana Castle.[4]

The civil and state ensign for ships has the same design as the national flag, but a different shape (2:3 instead of 1:2). (Boats up to 24 metres (79 ft) use the national flag as an ensign.[5]) The naval jack uses colours of the coat of arms, a white, blue, and yellow horizontal tricolor.[6]

Slovenia
Flag of Slovenia
UseNational flag and naval ensign
Proportion1:2
Adopted25 June 1991[1]
DesignA horizontal tricolour of white, blue, and red; charged with the Coat of arms at the hoist side
Civil Ensign of Slovenia
Variant flag of Slovenia
UseCivil and state ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted1991
DesignA horizontal tricolour of white, blue, and red, defaced with the Coat of Arms of Slovenia.

Historical development

Origins

Flag of the Slovene Nation
1:2 Flag of the Slovene nation, first flown during the spring of nations of 1848.

The white-blue-red Slovenian flag was first exposed on April 7, 1848, on a building between Congress Square and Prešeren Square in Ljubljana, by a group of nationally minded students led by the renowned national conservative activist and poet Lovro Toman. Despite opposition from the local ethnic Germans it was subsequently recognized by the Austrian Government as the official flag of Carniola. This formal recognition, albeit on a regional level, was an exception to the policy of the Austrian Government which tended to persecute national symbols of the non-German nationalities in the Empire. In addition, Austrian authorities saw all tricolours as basically nationalist and potentially revolutionary symbols, so Austrian provinces (as the Empire itself) were only allowed to use bicolours (the only exception being the flag of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, since it was interpreted to be a combination of the Croatian and Slavonian bicolours). So the official recognition of the Carniolan white-blue-red tricolour instead of the traditional white-blue bicolour was seen as a major achievement by the Slovenes and it quickly became the symbol representing the idea of United Slovenia. In the second half of the 19th century, the Slovenian national tricolour became the only truly all-Slovenian symbol, representing all Slovenes, regardless of the historical region in which they lived.

The tricolour flag continued to be associated with Slovenia during the country's incorporation into Yugoslavia, although officially the whole kingdom including Slovenia had the same flag, in this case, the blue-white-red. In the interwar period, it was also used by the Slovenes of the Julian March that were annexed to Italy, where it was prohibited and persecuted by the fascist regime.

Slovenian flags during and after WWII

Slovenian Partisans flag
1:2 Flag used by Slovenian Partisans that was adopted on 26 September 1941 at the Stolice meeting of the Yugoslav Partisans.
Flag of Slovenia (1945–1991)
1:2 Flag of SR Slovenia, 1945–1991.

During World War II The Slovene national colours were used both by the Partisan Resistance Movement (usually with a red star in the middle) and by the Slovenian Home Guard, the voluntary anti-Communist militia sponsored and supported by the Nazi German occupation forces.

In 1945 a red star was officially placed on the flag of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, a constituent of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Flag of independent Slovenia

Slovenia Flag Proposal 1990 before independence
1:2 Flag Proposal in 1990 before independence by the Party of Democratic Reform.

Following Slovenian independence from Yugoslavia, the red star was removed and the new coat of arms, designed by Marko Pogačnik, was added. The flag was officially adopted on June 27, 1991, following a long and controversial dispute about the coat of arms of the new Republic.

2003 flag proposals

In 2003, a campaign started to partially or completely alter the flag in order to enhance Slovenia's international recognition, and especially to differentiate it from those of Russia and Slovakia. An eleven-striped design won the official contest.[7] However, public opinion seems to be strongly against changing the flag at the moment.

Slovenia Flag proposed 90s Flag of Slovenia proposal (Triglav variation) Slowenien flagge gross neu Slovenia Flag proposal Flag of Slovenia proposal (Heraldica Slovenica Proposal)

Government (maritime) flags

These flags are used on naval vessels only.

Flag Use Description
Flag of the President of Slovenia President of Slovenia
Flag of the President of the Parliament of Slovenia President of the National Assembly of Slovenia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Slovenia Prime Minister of Slovenia
Flag of Minister of Defense of Slovenia Minister of Defence of Slovenia
Flag of Chief of General Staff of the Slovenian Army Chief of the General Staff of Slovenia
Naval Jack of Slovenia (1995-1996)
2:3 Naval jack of Slovenia (1995–1996)[8]
Naval Jack of Slovenia
1:2 Naval jack of Slovenia (1996–present). The colors used in the jack are taken from the Coat of Arms of Slovenia.[9]

Colours

Scheme Blue Red Yellow White
CMYK 100  60   0  10   0 100 100   0   0  10 100   0   0   0   0   0
SCOTDIC Code 777—Int'l Colour Codification System (2034) N46 N722509 N23 N074014 N6 N197512 N1 N95
[10]

References

  1. ^ "A proclamation of The Constitutional Amanademat C to the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 1/1991. Ljubljana. 25 June 1991. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  2. ^ "In Brief". Slovenija.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. ^ "National symbols". Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  4. ^ Celebration of the Slovene Tricolor (In Slovene: "Praznik slovenske trobojnice"), MMC RTV Slovenia, 7. april 2013
  5. ^ "Slovenia: Civil and state ensigns". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Uradni list - Vsebina Uradnega lista". Uradni-list.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  7. ^ "ZNANI NAGRAJENCI ZA NOVE DRŽAVNE SIMBOLE". Rtvslo.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Article 42 Paragraph 3 of the Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 67/1995, 23. 11. 1995.
  9. ^ "Article 1 of the Rules amending Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of the Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 34/1996, 29. 6. 1996. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2010-10-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

Aljaž Tower

Aljaž Tower (Slovene: Aljažev stolp) or the Triglav Tower (Triglavski stolp) is a tower, a storm shelter and a triangulation point on the summit of Mount Triglav in northwestern Slovenia. Along with Triglav, it is a landmark of Slovenia and a symbol of the Slovenehood. The tower was designed by Jakob Aljaž, a priest in the Upper Carniolan village of Dovje, who also had it erected. Today it is owned by the state, tended by the Ljubljana Matica Alpine Club and stands on a parcel belonging to the Municipality of Bohinj.

Carniola

Carniola (Slovene, Croatian: Kranjska; German: Krain; Italian: Carniola; Hungarian: Krajna) was a historical region that comprised parts of present-day Slovenia. Although as a whole it does not exist anymore, Slovenes living within the former borders of the region still tend to identify with its traditional parts Upper Carniola, Lower Carniola (with the sub-part of White Carniola), and to a lesser degree with Inner Carniola. In 1991, 47% of the population of Slovenia lived within the borders of the former Duchy of Carniola.

Flag of Slovakia

The current form of the national flag of Slovakia (Slovak: Vlajka Slovenska) was adopted by Slovakia's Constitution, which came into force on 3 September 1992. The flag, in common with other Slavic nations, uses the colors white, blue, and red.

Flag of Yugoslavia

The flag of Yugoslavia was the official flag of the Yugoslav state from 1918 to 1992. The flag's design and symbolism are derived from the Pan-Slavic movement, which ultimately led to the unification of the South Slavs and the creation of a united south-Slavic state in 1918.

The flag had three equal horizontal bands of blue, white, and red and was first used by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1943. A red star was added in its center by the victorious Yugoslav Partisans in World War II and this design was used until the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Today, the flag still holds meaning to those nostalgic of Yugoslavia.

Flag of the Netherlands

The flag of the Netherlands (Dutch: vlag van Nederland) is a horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue. The current design originates as a variant of the late 16th century orange-white-blue Prinsenvlag ("Prince's Flag"), evolving in the early 17th century as the red-white-blue Statenvlag ("States Flag"), the naval flag of the States-General of the Dutch Republic, making the Dutch flag perhaps the oldest tricolour flag in continuous use. It has inspired the seminal Russian and French flags.

During the economic crisis of 1930s the old Prince's Flag with the colour orange gained some popularity among some people. To end the confusion, the colours red, white and blue and its official status as the national flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands were reaffirmed by royal decree on 19 February 1937.

Flags of Europe

This is a list of international, national and subnational flags used in Europe.

Gallery of sovereign state flags

This gallery of sovereign state flags shows the flags of sovereign states that appear on the list of sovereign states. For other flags, please see flags of active autonomist and secessionist movements, flags of formerly independent states, and gallery of flags of dependent territories. Each flag is depicted as if the flagpole is positioned on the left of the flag, except for those of Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia which are depicted with the hoist to the right.

List of flags by color

This is a list of flags by color. Each section below contains any flag that has any amount of the color listed for that section.

National symbols of Slovenia

The National symbols of Slovenia are the symbols used in Slovenia and abroad to represent the nation and its people.

Outline of Slovenia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Slovenia:

Slovenia – sovereign country located in southern Central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north. The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana. At various points in Slovenia's history, the country has been part of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Republic of Venice, the Duchy of Carantania (only modern Slovenia's northern part), the Holy Roman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire (later known as Austria-Hungary), the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929) between the two World Wars, and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 until gaining independence in 1991. Slovenia is the only former communist state to be at the same time a member of the European Union, the Eurozone, the Schengen area, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe and NATO.

Pan-Slavic colors

The Pan-Slavic colors (or colours) — red, blue and white — were defined by the Prague Slavic Congress, 1848, based on the flag of Russia, which was introduced in the late 17th century. The tricolor flag of Russia was itself inspired by the flag of the Netherlands. Historically, many Slavic nations and states adopted flags and other national symbols that used some combination of those three colors, but rarely all three of them. List of Slavic countries that use or have used the colors include: Russia, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Montenegro, Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia. On the other hand, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Poland and Ukraine have never adopted the colors. (The Flag of Poland is red and white, but has different roots that pre-date the pan-Slavic colors.)

Yugoslavia, both the Kingdom (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1918–1943) and the Republic (SFR Yugoslavia, 1943–1992) was a union of several Slavic nations, and therefore not only sported the pan-Slavic colors but adopted the pan-Slavic flag as its own (later adding a red star). The later Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992–2003); a federation of Serbia and Montenegro, and its successor state, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2006) also used the pan-Slavic flag until the final dissolution of Yugoslavia in 2006. Serbia continues to use a flag with all three Pan-Slavic colors, along with Russia, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia.

The flag of Slovenia was introduced in 1848, when a group of Slovenian intellectuals in Vienna, Austria created the tricolor flag (white-blue-red). Slovakia also has the same tricolor flag design as Slovenia and Russia. The first Slovak flag was also introduced in 1848.

Slovenes

The Slovenes, also known as Slovenians (Slovene: Slovenci [slɔˈʋéːntsi]), are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia, and also to Italy, Austria and Hungary in addition to having a diaspora throughout the world. Slovenes share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak Slovene as their native language.

Slovenia at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships

Slovenia competed at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, China, between 16 and 31 July 2011.

Slovenia at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships

Slovenia is competing at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Spain between 19 July to 4 August 2013.

Slovenia at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships

Slovenia competed at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015.

Slovenia at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships

Slovenia is scheduled to compete at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary from 14 July to 30 July.

Slovenian nationalism

Slovenian nationalism is the nationalism that asserts that Slovenes are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Slovenes. Slovenian nationalism first arose in response to the influx of ideas of nationalism from the French Revolution that arrived in Slovenia when the French forces of Napoleon Bonaparte made Slovenia part of the Illyrian Provinces from 1809 to 1813. Slovenian nationalists such as Anton Korošec endorsed Yugoslav unification during World War I as a means to free Slovenia from Austro-Hungarian rule.On 8 May 1989, after the legalization of other political parties by Slovenia's reformist Communist Party-led government, new political parties published the May Declaration, demanding the formation of a sovereign, democratic, and pluralist Slovenian state. A referendum on independence from Yugoslavia was held on 26 December 1990 with a majority of Slovenians supporting independence. Slovenia declared independence on 25 June 1991.

Triglav

Triglav (pronounced [ˈtɾiːɡlau̯]; German: Terglau, Italian: Tricorno), with an elevation of 2,863.65 metres (9,395.2 ft), is the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. The mountain is the pre-eminent symbol of the Slovene Nation. It is the centrepiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park. Triglav was also the highest peak in Yugoslavia before Slovenia's independence in 1991.

United Slovenia

United Slovenia (Slovene: Zedinjena Slovenija or Združena Slovenija) is the name of an unrealized political programme of the Slovene national movement, formulated during the Spring of Nations in 1848. The programme demanded (a) unification of all the Slovene-inhabited areas into one single kingdom under the rule of the Austrian Empire, (b) equal rights of the Slovene language in public, and (c) strongly opposed the planned integration of the Habsburg Monarchy with the German Confederation. The programme failed to meet its main objectives, but it remained the common political program of all currents within the Slovene national movement until World War I.

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