Flag of Slovakia

The current form of the national flag of Slovakia (Slovak: Vlajka Slovenska) was adopted by Slovakia's Constitution, which came into force on 3 September 1992. The flag, in common with other Slavic nations, uses the colors white, blue, and red.

Slovakia
Flag of Slovakia
UseNational flag
Proportion2:3
Adopted3 September 1992
DesignA horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red; charged with a shield containing a white cross is placed at the hoist side
Designed byLadislav Čisárik[1]
Ladislav Vrtel[1]
Flag of Slovakia vertical (gabbe)
When flown vertically the coat of arms is rotated. This is the reverse side.

History

Slovakia's flag in its current form (but with another coat of arms on it or without any arms) can be dated back to the revolutionary year 1848 (see: The Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas). It was also used semi-officially in Czechoslovakia before World War II, by the Slovak Republic during World War II.

In 1990, the Interior Ministry tasked Ladislav Čisárik, a painter and heraldic artist, and Ladislav Vrtel, an expert in heraldry, with creating a new coat of arms and national flag.[1][2][3] Čisárik and Vrtel based their designs for a modern coat of arms and flag on an existing 14th Century coat of arms.[1][2] However, Čisárik and Vrtel chose to enlarge the double cross three times to emphasize it as a national symbol.[1][2] In addition to the national coat of arms and the national flag, the duo also designed a new presidential standard, which incorporates the double cross as well.[1][2]

The new flag was finally adopted (initially without Čisárik's and Vrtel's coat of arms) on 1 March 1990 as the flag of the Slovak Republic within Czechoslovakia. The coat of arms was added on 3 September 1992 and a special law describing the details of the flag followed in February 1993.

Design

Since the Slovak flag without the coat of arms is identical to the current flag of the Russian Federation, and can also be compared to the modern flag of Slovenia, the Constitution of Slovakia added the national coat of arms in September 1992.

Flags

Historical flags

Flag of Slovakia (1939–1945)

Unofficial flag of Slovakia before 1938. Official flag of the autonomous Slovak land within the Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939), WWII Slovak Republic (1939–1945) and Slovak Republic within Czechoslovakia (1990–1992)

Flag of the Czech Republic

Flag of Czechoslovakia (1920–1992)

War ensign of the First Slovak Republic

War Ensign of the Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Presidential standard

Flag of the President of Slovakia (1939–1945)

Standard of the President (1939–1945)

Flag of the President of Slovakia

Standard of the President (1993–present)

Other flags

Flag of Slovakia vertical

Vertical version of the flag of Slovakia

Flag of Slovakia, construction sheet

Construction sheet

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Zomrel autor výtvarného spracovania štátnych symbolov SR". News Agency of the Slovak Republic. 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
  2. ^ a b c d "Zomrel autor slovenských národných symbolov Ladislav Čisárik ml". SME. 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
  3. ^ Glevická, Marcela (2017-02-16). "How the national emblem appeared – including so far secret communism designs". The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved 2017-09-07.

External links

Coat of arms of Slovakia

The coat of arms of Slovakia consists of a red (gules) shield, in early Gothic style, charged with a silver (argent) double cross standing on the middle peak of a dark blue mountain consisting of three peaks. Extremities of the cross are amplified, and its ends are concaved. The double cross is a symbol of its Christian faith and the hills represent three symbolic mountain ranges: Tatra, Fatra (made up of the Veľká Fatra and Malá Fatra ranges), and Matra (the last one is in northern Hungary).

Flag of Bohemia

The flag of Bohemia is a historic flag, which now forms part of the design in the modern flag of the Czech Republic. The flag, a horizontal bicolour, was based on the colours of the former monarchs of Bohemia.

The heraldic flag of Bohemia (the flag of Bohemia in the form of the flag with coat of arms) is described and drawn for example in the work of Jacob Koebel: Wapen des heyligen römischen Reichs teutscher Nation from 1545. The even older description of this flag (13th century) can be read in the chronicle of Ottokar aus der Gaal (Otacher ouz der Geul, Ottokar von Steiermark) (* about 1265; † between 1318 and 1322): Die Steirische Reimchronik.

Flag of the Netherlands

The flag of the Netherlands (Dutch: vlag van Nederland) is a horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue. The current design originates as a variant of the late 16th century orange-white-blue Prinsenvlag ("Prince's Flag"), evolving in the early 17th century as the red-white-blue Statenvlag ("States Flag"), the naval flag of the States-General of the Dutch Republic, making the Dutch flag perhaps the oldest tricolour flag in continuous use. It has inspired the seminal Russian and French flags.

During the economic crisis of 1930s the old Prince's Flag with the colour orange gained some popularity among some people. To end the confusion, the colours red, white and blue and its official status as the national flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands were reaffirmed by royal decree on 19 February 1937.

Flags of Europe

This is a list of international, national and subnational flags used in Europe.

Gallery of sovereign state flags

This gallery of sovereign state flags shows the flags of sovereign states that appear on the list of sovereign states. For other flags, please see flags of active autonomist and secessionist movements, flags of formerly independent states, and gallery of flags of dependent territories. Each flag is depicted as if the flagpole is positioned on the left of the flag, except for those of Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia which are depicted with the hoist to the right.

History of Christian flags

The history of Christian flags encompasses the establishment of Christian states, the Crusader era, and the 20th century ecumenical movement.

Ladislav Čisárik

Ladislav Čisárik jr. (29 December 1953 – 3 August 2017) was a Slovak heraldic artist, painter, and graphic designer. In 1990, Ladislav Čisárik jr. and Ladislav Vrtel co-designed the Coat of arms of Slovakia, the current flag of Slovakia, and the presidential standard of the President of Slovakia. He also designed the designed or modified the coat of arms and seals for more than 100 towns and municipalities in Slovakia.

List of flags by color

This is a list of flags by color. Each section below contains any flag that has any amount of the color listed for that section.

List of flags by design

This is a list of flags, arranged by design, serving as a navigational aid for identifying a given flag.

National flag

A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a country. The national flag is flown by the government of a country, but can usually also be flown by citizens of the country. A national flag is designed with specific meanings for its colours and symbols. The colours of the national flag may be worn by the people of a nation to show their patriotism, or related paraphernalia that show the symbols or colours of the flag may be used for those purposes.

The design of a national flag may be altered after the occurrence of important historical events. The burning or destruction of a national flag is a greatly symbolic act.

Outline of Slovakia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Slovakia:

Slovakia – landlocked sovereign country located in Central Europe. Slovakia has a population of over five million and an area of 49,035 square kilometres (18,933 sq mi). The Slovak Republic borders the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is its capital, Bratislava. It is a member of the European Union.

Religion in national symbols

Religion in national symbols can often be found in national anthems or flags. This has led to controversy in some countries in regard to the separation of church and state, when the national symbol is officially sanctioned by a government.

Slovakia at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships

Slovakia competed at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, China between July 16 and 31, 2011.

Slovakia at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships

Slovakia is competing at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Spain between 19 July and 4 August 2013.

Slovakia at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships

Slovakia competed at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015.

Slovakia at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships

Slovakia is scheduled to compete at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary from 14 July to 30 July.

Slovakia at the 2018 Winter Olympics

Slovakia competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February 2018, with 56 competitors in 7 sports. Biathlete Anastasiya Kuzmina was the country's sole medalist, taking one gold and two silver medals, earning Slovakia 17th place in the overall medal table.

Slovakia national cricket team

The Slovakia national cricket team is a fledgling team which represents the nation of Slovakia in International Cricket competitions. They are not officially endorsed by the International Cricket Council and are therefore not entitled to participate in ICC Official events. However, they do have an application to the European Cricket Council pending, which should see them granted Affiliate Status in the near future.

There is currently only one active cricket club in Slovakia, the Slovak Cricket Club, which is located in the village Hájske, some 70 km east of the capital Bratislava.

Captained by founder Vladimír Chudáčik, Slovakia have taken part in European Twenty20 tournaments, most recently in 2011, in Hungary, where they were knocked out at the group stage.

Town hall in Banská Štiavnica

The town hall in Banská Štiavnica existed in the 14th century, as a ground floor house in Gothic style, with the name "Stuba Praetoriana" or "Stuba Judicis". Between 1507 and 1679 it was modified and extended in Renaissance style. The Chapel of St. Anna was attached to the building but was demolished in the 18th century and, in its place, a sculpture of Panna Maria was built.

Today's Baroque appearance was given by Štiavnica's master mason, Pircker, in the years 1787–88. Constructional cost was 8444 florens and 15 red cents. A town prison was situated in the basement of the town hall. The beginning of a market was announced from a tower of the town hall.

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