Flag of Malta

The flag of Malta (Maltese: Bandiera ta' Malta) is a basic bi-colour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A representation of the George Cross, awarded to Malta by George VI of the United Kingdom in 1942, is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.[1]

Malta
Flag of Malta
UseNational flag and state and naval ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted21 September 1964
DesignA vertical bicolor of white and red with the representation of the George Cross edged in red on the upper hoist-side corner of the white band.
Civil Ensign of Malta
Variant flag of Malta
UseCivil ensign

Colours

The red hue in the Maltese flag is officially documented as Pantone©186c, R207 G20 B43 (# CF142B) or Spot Colour - 50% rubine red • 50% warm red.[2]

Tradition states that the colours of the flag were given to Malta by Roger I of Sicily in 1090. Roger's fleet landed in Malta on the completion of the Norman conquest of Sicily. It is said that local Christians offered to fight by Roger's side against the Arab defenders. In order to recognise the locals fighting on his side from the defenders, Roger reportedly tore off part of his chequered red-and-white flag. This story has, however, been debunked as a 19th-century myth, possibly even earlier due to the Mdina, Malta's old capital, associating its colours with Roger's in the late Middle Ages.[3][4]

The flag of the Knights of Malta, a white cross on a red field, was a more likely source of the Maltese colours, inspiring the red and white shield used during the British colonial period.

The George Cross

The George Cross originally appeared on the flag placed on a blue canton (see List of flags of Malta). The flag was changed on 21 September 1964 with Malta's independence when the blue canton was replaced by a red fimbriation the intention being that the Cross appear less prominent.

George Cross Malta P1440218
The George Cross (National War Museum, Malta)

Civil ensign

The civil ensign shows a red field, bordered white and charged with a blank Maltese cross.

List of flags of Malta

19th Century Flag of Malta

19th century, Crown Colony of Malta

Flag of Malta (1875–1898)

1875–1898, Crown Colony of Malta

Flag of Malta (1898–1923)

1898–1923, Crown Colony of Malta

Flag of Malta (1923–1943)

1923–1943, Crown Colony of Malta

Flag of Malta (1943–1964)

1943–1964, Crown Colony of Malta

Flag of Malta (1943)

1943–1964, Unofficial flag of Malta[5]

Flag of Malta

1964–present

See also

References

  1. ^ Article 3 of the Constitution of Malta
  2. ^ Graphical Specifications for the National Flag of Malta
  3. ^ Buhagiar, M., Tale of Count Roger and the flag
  4. ^ Gaul, Simon (2007). Malta, Gozo and Comino. New Holland Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 1860113656.
  5. ^ http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20160830/local/paper-trail-retraces-a-400-year-old-murder.623511

External links

Award of the George Cross to Malta

The George Cross was awarded to the island of Malta by King George VI in a letter to the island's Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie, so as to "bear witness to the heroism and devotion of its people" during the great siege they underwent in the early part of World War II. Italy and Germany besieged Malta, then a British colony, from 1940 to 1942. The George Cross was incorporated into the Flag of Malta beginning in 1943 and remains on the current design of the flag.

Banner of arms

A banner of arms is a type of heraldic flag which has the same image as a coat of arms, i.e. the shield of a full heraldic achievement, rendered in a square or rectangular shape of the flag.The term is derived from the terminology of heraldry but mostly used in vexillology. Examples of modern national flags which are banners of arms are the flags of Austria, Iraq, and Switzerland.

The banner of arms is sometimes simply called a banner, but a banner is in a more strict sense a one of a kind personal flag of a nobleman held in battle.

Coat of arms of Malta

The coat of arms of Malta is the national coat of arms of the country of Malta.

The present coat of arms is described by the Emblem and Public Seal of Malta Act of 1988 as a shield showing an heraldic representation of the national flag of Malta; above the shield a mural crown in gold with a sally port and five turrets representing the fortifications of Malta and denoting a city-state; and around the shield a wreath of two branches: the dexter of olive, the sinister of palm, symbols of peace and traditionally associated with Malta, all in their proper colours, tied at base with a white ribbon, backed red and upon which are written the words Repubblika ta' Malta (“Republic of Malta” in Maltese) in capital letters in black.

The national coat of arms also appears on the flag of the President of Malta.

The various coats of arms appear on passports, excise stamps, official documents and various other uses. Many Maltese coins feature a coat of arms, most notably the second series of the Maltese lira, some Maltese euro coins, and many gold or silver commemorative coins (either denominated in the Maltese lira or in Euro). Coats of arms were featured various times on Maltese postage stamps as well.

First Ladies and Gentlemen of Malta

The First Lady or First Gentleman of Malta is the title and position held by the spouse of the President of Malta, concurrent with the president's term in office. The current titleholder is First Gentleman Edgar Preca, who has held the position since April 2014.

Flag and coat of arms of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

The flag and coat of arms of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta display a white cross on a red field (blazon gules a cross argent), ultimately derived from the design worn by the Knights Hospitaller during the Crusades.

The State Flag represents the Sovereign Military Order of Malta as a sovereign institution, and it bears a Latin cross that extends to the edges of the flag. The Flag of the Order's Works represents its humanitarian and medical activities, and it bears a white Maltese cross on a red field.

Both flags together represent the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Its constitution states: "The flag of the Order bears either the white latin cross on a red field or the white eight-pointed cross (cross of Malta) on a red field."

Flag of Belize

The flag of Belize was adopted on 21 September 1981, the day Belize became independent. It consists of the Coat of Arms on a blue field with red stripes at the top and bottom.

British Honduras obtained a coat of arms on 28 January 1907, which formed the basis of the badge used on British ensigns. The coat of arms recalls the logging industry that first led to British settlement there. The figures, tools, and mahogany tree represent this industry. The national motto, Sub Umbra Floreo, meaning "Under the Shade I Flourish", is written in the lower part of the coat of arms.

George Cross

The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system. It is awarded "for acts of the greatest heroism or for most conspicuous courage in circumstance of extreme danger", not in the presence of the enemy, to members of the British armed forces and to British civilians. Posthumous awards have been allowed since it was instituted. It was previously awarded to residents of Commonwealth countries (and in one case to a colony which subsequently became a Commonwealth country), most of which have since established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians including police, emergency services and merchant seamen. Many of the awards have been personally presented by the British monarch to recipients or, in the case of posthumous awards, to next of kin. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.

List of flags of Malta

The following is a list of flags of Malta.

MV Glory Sea

MV Glory Sea is a China-registered passenger ship. The ship was built in Germany in 2001 by Blohm + Voss and originally named Olympia Explorer. The ship was later renamed MV Explorer when it began sailing for the Semester at Sea program in 2004. The ship remained with them until 2015.

In May 2015, the ship was renamed Celestyal Odyssey and began sailing for Celestyal Cruises, under the flag of Malta.

In September 2015 it was announced that Celestyal Cruises has terminated their three-year contract of owning the Celestyal Odyssey. The ship will leave the fleet late October 2015.

The ship will be replaced with MS Gemini which will be renamed Celestyal Nefeli. The ship was sold to be used as the first ship of Diamond Cruises a new Chinese based cruise line.

Malta at the 2002 Commonwealth Games

Malta competed in their ninth Commonwealth Games in 2002 sending 13 male and 4 female athletes to compete in Athletics, Shooting, Swimming, Triathlon, Weightlifting and Wrestling.

The nation gained their only medal in the men's Double Trap Shooting, a bronze. This was the second time Malta had won a medal at the games, their first coming in Auckland in 1990.

Malta at the 2006 Commonwealth Games

Malta sent a team of 35 athletes to the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne.

Malta had won two bronze medals at previous Commonwealth Games.

Malta at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships

Malta competed at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, China between July 16 and 31, 2011.

Malta at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships

Malta competed at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Spain from 19 July to 4 August 2013.

Malta at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships

Malta competed at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015.

Malta at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships

Malta competed at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary from 14 July to 30 July.

Malta at the 2018 Winter Olympics

Malta sent a delegation to compete at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February 2018, with one competitor, alpine skier Élise Pellegrin. It was the country's second Winter Olympic appearance, after the 2014 Winter Olympics. Pellegrin was designated as the flag bearer for both the parade of nations during the opening ceremony, and the closing ceremony. She was disqualified from the giant slalom, and finished 50th in the slalom.

National symbols of Malta

This article is a vexillological summary of all flags and symbols in current use by the island nation of Malta. More information on the history of the various flags and emblems, as well as on their equivalents which are no longer in use, is found on the specific articles, linked to in the subtitle headings.

Outline of Malta

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Malta:

Malta is a small and densely populated sovereign island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea. Malta comprises an archipelago of seven islands, of which the three largest are inhabited. Malta is located 93 km (58 mi) south of Sicily, and 288 km (179 mi) north of North Africa, giving the country a warm, Mediterranean climate. The nation's capital is the 16th century city of Valletta.

Throughout much of its history, Malta has been considered a crucial location due in large part to its position in the Mediterranean Sea. It was held by several ancient cultures including Sicilians, Romans, Phoenicians, Byzantines and others. The island is commonly associated with the Knights of St. John who ruled it. This, along with the historic pseudo-historic and religiously claimed shipwreck of St. Paul on the island, and since the 12th century ingrained a Roman Catholic legacy which is still the official religion in Malta today combined with secular values.

The country's official languages are Maltese and English, the former is the national language and the latter a legacy from Malta's period as a British colony. Malta gained independence in 1964 and is currently a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, as well as the European Union, which it joined in 2004.

President of Malta

The President of Malta (Maltese: President ta' Malta) is the constitutional head of state of Malta. The President is appointed by a resolution of the House of Representatives of Malta for a five-year term, taking an oath to "preserve, protect and defend" the Constitution. The President of Malta also resides directly or indirectly in all three branches of the state. They are part of Parliament and responsible for the appointment of the judiciary. Executive authority is nominally vested in the President, but is in practice exercised by the Prime Minister.

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