Flag of Croatia

The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

Croatia
Flag of Croatia
NameTrobojnica
(The Tricolour)
UseNational flag
Proportion1:2
Adopted21 December 1990
DesignA horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed byMiroslav Šutej[1]
Civil Ensign of Croatia
Variant flag of Croatia
UseCivil and state ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
Naval Ensign of Croatia
Variant flag of Croatia
UseNaval ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

History

The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

Shield

The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.

Colours

Zastava na Srđu
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colours are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C Transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0
Hex #ff0000 #ffffff #0093dd #171796 #f7db17 #000000

Unicode

The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R.[3]

Historical flags

Croatia-1848

Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (1848)

Flag of Kingdom of Croatia (1852-1860)

Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (1852–1860)

Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia

Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia (1852–1868)

Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia

Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (1820–1918)

Flag of Croatia-Slavonia

Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868–1918)

Flag of Croatia-Slavonia with CoA

Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia with the coat of arms (1868–1918)

Flag of Banate of Croatia (1939-1941)

Flag of the Banovina of Croatia (1939–1941)

Flag of Independent State of Croatia

Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945)

Flag of the Federal State of Croatia

Flag of the Federal State of Croatia used by Croatian Partisans during World War II, until 1947

Flag of Croatia (1947–1990)

Flag of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (1947–1990)

Flag of the Republic of Croatia in 1990

Flag of the Republic of Croatia (25 July – 21 December 1990)

Other official flags in Croatia

Flag of the President of Croatia

Standard of the President of the Republic of Croatia

Naval and other official flags

Naval Ensign of Croatia

Naval Ensign

Naval Jack of Croatia

Naval Jack

Flag of the President of Croatia

Flag of the President and the Commander-in-Chief

Naval flag defence minister (Croatia)

Flag of the Minister of Defence

Naval Flag Chief of the General Staff (Croatia)

Flag of the Chief of the General Staff

Zastava zapovjednika HRM

Flag of the Commander of the Croatian Navy

Zastava admirala flote OS RH

Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet

Zastava admirala OS RH

Flag of the Admiral

Zastava viceadmirala OS RH

Flag of the Vice Admiral

Zastava kontraadmirala OS RH

Flag of the Rear Admiral

Zastava komodora OS RH

Flag of the Commodore

Plamenac zapovjednika flote ratnih brodova

Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels

Plamenac zapovjednika flotile ratnih brodova

Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse

Plamenac zapovjednika divizijuna ratnih brodova

Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels

Plamenac zapovjednika odreda ratnih brodova

Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels

Plamenac najstarijeg zapovjednika ratnog broda

Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel

Plamenac zapovjednika ratnog broda

Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel

Zastava predsjednika Hrvatskog sabora

Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament

Zastava predsjednika Vlade RH

Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia

Naval flag General (Croatia)

Flag of the General of the Armed Forces

Gallery

Flag of Croatia in Dubrovnik

Croatian flag flying in Dubronvik.

Formula 1 Hungarian Grand Prix 2011 (20)

Fans holding the Croatian flag during the 2011 Hungarian Grand Prix.

2010 Paralympics Opening Ceremony - Croatia entering

Athletes of Croatia entering during the opening ceremonies of the 2010 Winter Paralympics with the national flag.

Croatian Flags during the Statehood Day (2007)

A series of Croatian flags during Statehood Day in 2007.

Svecanost podizanja NATOve zastave Zagreb 2

Croatian Honor Guard during the parade.

Parlement européen de Strasbourg cérémonie des couleurs Croatie 11

Croatian flag raised in the European Parliament after accession in 2013.

Opening ceremony 2015 WCh t181415

The Croatian flag during the 2015 World Fencing Championships opening ceremony in Moscow.

Horvát Embassy Budapest

The flag in the Croatian Embassy in Budapest.

Day of Independence - Croatia (4)

In Karlovacko, fans gathered with the Croatian flag watching the home team playing Portugal during the 2016 Independence Day holiday.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.

External links

Croatia at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships

Croatia competed at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, China.

Croatia at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships

Croatia competed at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Spain between 19 July and 4 August 2013.

Croatia at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships

Croatia competed at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015.

Croatia at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships

Croatia is scheduled to compete at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary from 14 July to 30 July.

Croatia at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics

Croatia competed at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics in London, United Kingdom, from 4–13 August 2017.

Croatia at the 2018 Winter Olympics

Croatia competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February 2018, with 19 competitors in four sports.

Flag of Croatia on Knin Fortress

The Flag of Croatia on Knin Fortress is one of few most important symbols of the recent history of Croatia. The flag was raised for the first time during the Operation Storm, the last major battle of the Croatian War of Independence. Following the capture of Knin (capital of the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina) on 5 August 1995, the flag was firstly raised by the commander of the 7th Guards Brigade ("Pumas") of the Croatian Army, General Ivan Korade, and the next day by the President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman as well.

In addition to its symbolic value, today it has become one of the biggest tourist attractions of Knin and the "obligatory" place for visitors. The original 20-meter flag fluttered during the military parade in Zagreb in 2015, on the occasion of the Victory Day and the 20th anniversary of the Operation Storm.

Flag of Yugoslavia

The flag of Yugoslavia was the official flag of the Yugoslav state from 1918 to 1992. The flag's design and symbolism are derived from the Pan-Slavic movement, which ultimately led to the unification of the South Slavs and the creation of a united south-Slavic state in 1918.

The flag had three equal horizontal bands of blue, white, and red and was first used by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1943. A red star was added in its center by the victorious Yugoslav Partisans in World War II and this design was used until the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Today, the flag still holds meaning to those nostalgic of Yugoslavia.

Gallery of sovereign state flags

This gallery of sovereign state flags shows the flags of sovereign states that appear on the list of sovereign states. For other flags, please see flags of active autonomist and secessionist movements, flags of formerly independent states, and gallery of flags of dependent territories. Each flag is depicted as if the flagpole is positioned on the left of the flag, except for those of Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia which are depicted with the hoist to the right.

Groupes urbains de sécurité

Groupes urbains de sécurité (GUS) (also known as "Croatia") (English: Urban Security Groups) is a defunct Moroccan special police unit which dealt with urban matters basing on "rapid intervention approach".

Index of Croatia-related articles

This page list topics related to Croatia.

Italians of Croatia

Italians of Croatia are an autochthonous historical national minority recognized by the Constitution of Croatia. As such, they elect a special representative to the Croatian Parliament. There is Italian Union of Croatia and Slovenia, in Croat Talijanska Unija, in Sloven Italijanska Unija, which is Croat-Sloven organization with main site in Fiume-Rijeka and secondary site in Capodistria-Koper of Slovenia.

There are two main groups of Italians in Croatia, based on geographical origin:

Istrian Italians

Dalmatian ItaliansAccording to the 2011 Croatian census, Italians of Croatia number 17,807, or 0.42% of the total Croatian population. They mostly reside in the county of Istria. As of 2009, the Italian language is officially used in twenty cities and municipalities and ten other settlements in Croatia, according to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

List of Croatian flags

For more information on main flags see article: Flag of CroatiaThis is a list of flags which have been, or are still today, used in Croatia or by Croats.

List of flags by color

This is a list of flags by color. Each section below contains any flag that has any amount of the color listed for that section.

National symbols of Croatia

The national symbols of Croatia are flags, coat of arms, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Croatia or Croatian culture.

Outline of Croatia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Croatia:

Croatia – unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. The country's population is 4.45 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism. Croatia is a member of the European Union (since July 2013).

State flag

There are two separate meanings for the term of state flag in vexillology; either the flag of the government of a sovereign state, or the flag of an individual subnational state.

Triband (flag)

The triband is one of the most common designs of flag, and is the design of some 30% of all current national flags.

As the name suggests, the main feature of the design of a triband is three parallel bands of colour. If the three bands have three different colours, the triband is a tricolour.

In its simplest form, the triband consists of three equally sized horizontal or vertical stripes and nothing else. Examples of horizontal tribands include the national flags of Austria and Germany, and examples of vertical tribands include the national flags of Nigeria and France. In each of these pairs, the second named flag is also a tricolour.

Diagonal tribands are less common, and often do not have stripes of equal areas or widths. An example is the flag of the Republic of the Congo. Such flags are often not considered tribands by vexillologists, but rather are described as having a single diagonal stripe (heraldically, a bend) on a one- or two-coloured background (or field).

More complex tribands include flags charged or defaced with an emblem (such as the national flag of Croatia) or flags with bands of unequal size (such as the national flag of Colombia). The most famous complex triband is arguably the national flag of Canada, which is charged with a maple leaf and has bands of uneven size. The ratio of the bands on this latter flag (1:2:1) has led to the term Canadian pale to refer to any central vertical band on a triband which is twice the size of the bands on either side.

Some tribands, such as the flag of the Gambia, are fimbriated. This means that between the stripes there are narrower stripes. This is sometimes done to increase contrast between multiple stripes or to follow the rule of tincture, though in some cases the fimbriation also has specific symbolism.

Victory Day (Croatia)

Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day and the Day of Croatian Defenders (Croatian: Dan pobjede i domovinske zahvalnosti i Dan hrvatskih branitelja) is a public holiday in Croatia that is celebrated annually on 5 August, commemorating the Croatian War of Independence. On that date in 1995 the Croatian Army took the city of Knin during Operation Storm, which brought an end to the Republic of Serbian Krajina, a self-proclaimed Serb entity in Croatia.The main celebration is centered in Knin where there are festivities commemorating the event, beginning with a mass and laying of wreaths in honor of those who died in the war, and continuing with parades and concerts. The event is attended by thousands, including the country's leading politicians. The Flag of Croatia on Knin Fortress is ceremonially raised as part of the celebrations.In 2008, the Croatian Parliament also assigned the name Day of Croatian Defenders (Croatian: Dan hrvatskih branitelja) to the holiday, which honors the current service members and veterans of the Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. A special military parade of the Armed Forces in honor of Victory Day was held on 4 August 2015 in Zagreb, celebrating the twentieth anniversary of Operation Storm.

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