Flag Day

A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.

Flag days are usually codified in national statutes passed by legislative bodies or parliaments; however, in some countries a decree or proclamation by the head of state or chief executive can also order a flag day. The statute or proclamation / decree may specify locations where flags are flown and how are they flown (for example, at full- or half-staff); alternatively, custom may prevail.[1]

Faroe stamp 194 merkid 1940-1990
Stamp celebrating 50th Flag Day of the Faroe Islands

Specific flag days

Country Date Details
 Afghanistan August 19 Independence day, 1919.
 Albania November 28 Albanian Flag Day. Independence day, 1443, then again, 1912.
 American Samoa April 17 Commemorates the date American Samoa became a US territory and first flew the US flag in 1900, as well as the date of adoption of the American Samoan flag in 1960.
 Argentina June 20 Flag Day. Anniversary of the death of Manuel Belgrano, who created the current flag.
 Aruba March 18 Flag day. Adoption of the national flag on March 18, 1976.
 Australia September 3 Australian National Flag Day commemorates the first flying of the Australian National Flag in 1901.
 Azerbaijan November 9 State Flag Day, was officially established on November 9, 2009,[2] for the commemoration of the adoption of the Flag of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918.[3]
 Åland Last Sunday of April Commemorates adoption of the Åland flag. (April 29, 2018; April 28, 2019; April 26, 2020; April 25, 2021)
 Bolivia August 17 Flag Day in Bolivia. Commemorates of the creation of the first national flag.
 Brazil November 19 Flag Day in Brazil; adopted in 1889
 Canada
February 15
National Flag of Canada Day commemorates adoption of the Canadian flag, Feb. 15, 1965.
 Colombia July 20
August 7
Declaration of Independence (1810) (Celebrated as National Day); Battle of Boyaca (1819)
 Curaçao July 2 Dia di Bandera ("Day of the Flag"). Adoption of the national flag on 2 July 1984.
 Denmark June 15 Valdemarsdag, the anniversary of King Valdemar's victory in the Battle of Lindanise (present day Tallinn, Estonia) in 1219, where according to legend, the Dannebrog fell from the sky. It is also the anniversary of the return of North Slesvig in 1920 to Denmark following the post-World War I plebiscite.
 Ecuador September 26 "Day of the National Flag" ("Dia de la Bandera Nacional"). Date when the tricolour was reinstated in 1860, two days
 Estonia June 4 "Eesti lipu päev" (National Flag Day). Date when the Flag of Estonia was consecrated in 1884.[4]
 European Union May 9 Europe Day commemorates the Schuman Declaration.
 Finland Midsummer's Day "Suomen lipun päivä", "Finlands flaggas dag" ("Finland's Flag's Day") celebrated annually since 1934. There are also several other flag days in Finland. Celebrated on the Saturday in June 20–26 (June 23, 2018; June 22, 2019; June 20, 2020; June 26, 2021).
 Faroe Islands April 25 The British occupation of the Faroe Islands during World War II led to the adoption of the Merkið that day in 1940.
 Georgia January 14 საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშის დღე (sak'art'velos sakhelmts'ip'o droshis dghe, "Day of the State Flag of Georgia"), (2004).[5]
 Greece October 27 "Ημέρα της σημαίας (imera tis simeas,"Day of the Flag")
 Haiti May 18 Commemorates the creation of Haiti's flag at the 1803 Arcahaye Conference.
 Honduras September 1 Commemorates the introducing of their first leader on Lake Yojoa.
 Hungary March 16 The day after the 1848 revolution in Pest-Buda.
 India December 7 Armed Forces Flag Day honours the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India. The Armed Forces Flag Day or the Flag Day of India is a day dedicated towards collection of funds from people of India for the welfare of the Indian Armed Forces personnel. It has been observed annually in India on December 7 since 1949. Over the years, it has become a tradition to commemorate this day as an honour to the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India.
 Indonesia August 17 Indonesian independence proclamation Commemoration of the Proclamation of Independence day of Indonesia every year on August 17.
 Ireland April 24 (1916 date) / Easter Monday The 'Easter Rising Commemoration' (Comóradh Éirí Amach na Cásca) commemorates the beginning of the Easter Rising of 1916. An army parade on O'Connell Street in Dublin is attended by the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach and other government ministers. The Irish 'tricolour' was adopted by the rebels of 1916.
 Italy January 7 Festa del tricolore ("Festival of the Tricolour") commemorates adoption of the Italian flag in 1797.
 Kurdistan December 17 Kurdish flag day is an unofficial holiday associated with the Kurdish independence movement.
 Liberia August 24 Flag day The holiday was first observed in an 1847 convention, when the founding fathers approved the flag's design along with establishing the new republic.[6]
 Lithuania January 1 Vėliavos diena ("Flag's day") commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919.
 Macedonia Every 1st and 15th day of each month. Ден на македонското знаме (Den na makedonskoto zname, "Day of the Macedonian Flag"). Every 1st and 15th day of each month, the flag is changed in special ceremony. This celebrates the adoption of the flag.[7]
 Mexico February 24
 Moldova April 27
 Norway May 17 Celebration of the Norwegian Constitution, signed on 17 May 1814. Now the national day of Norway.
 Pakistan August 11 The National Assembly adopted the country's flag on this day.
 Panama November 4 An annual public holiday in Panama that forms a bridge holiday between Separation Day and Colon Day.
 Paraguay May 14 The real date of the independence of Paraguay from Spain in 1811. Celebration continues the next main day, Independence Day.
 Peru June 7 Commemorates the anniversary of the Battle of Arica and the sacrifice of Alfonso Ugarte.
 Philippines May 28 Araw ng Watawat ("Flag Day"), the anniversary of the 1898 Battle of Alapan where the flag was first used. Display of the flag in all places until Independence Day is encouraged, provided it follows Republic Act 8491.[8]
 Poland May 2 A holiday introduced in 2004, a day between the feasts of the 1st (International Workers' Day) and 3rd May (May 3rd Constitution Day).
 Portugal December 1 A holiday introduced in 1910, it commemorates raising the flag on Restauradores Square on the anniversary of Restoration of Independence.
 Romania June 26 A holiday introduced in 1998, it celebrates Decree No. 1 of the Wallachian Provisional Government, which made the blue-yellow-red tricolour the national flag.
 Russia August 22 Commemorates raising of the present flag over the Russian Supreme Soviet building after a 1991 coup attempt.
 Slovenia April 7 Commemorates the anniversary of the first raising of the national flag in 1848 at Wolfova Street 8, Ljubljana.
 Sweden June 6 Svenska flaggans dag ("The Swedish Flag's Day"), observed since the late 19th century. Also the National Day of Sweden since 1983.
 Sri Lanka February 4 Independence Day ("National Day of the Sri Lanka Flag"), The independence day of Sri Lanka is a great national occasion celebrated with parades and pageants combined with the spirit of patriotism and national pride. National Day of Sri Lanka since 1948.
 Thailand September 28 วันพระราชทานธงชาติไทย (Wan Pra Raj Cha Tan Thong Chad Thai, "Thai National Flag Day") The day of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) adopted to use the flag in 1917. Announce on September 20, 2016 by cabinet of Thailand[9]
 Turkmenistan February 19 Commemorates the adoption of the nation's first flag after gaining independence from the Soviet Union.
 Ukraine August 23 День Державного прапора (Den Derzhavnoho prapora, "National Flag Day") commemorates the adoption of the Ukrainian flag; observed since 2004.[10]
 UAE November 3 Flag Day is celebrated on the day Sheikh Khalifa became President in 2004. It also commemorates the founders of the state, Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Rashid. The UAE flag was adopted in a different day on December 2, 1971.
 United Kingdom
November 1
  • April 23
  • November 30
  • March 1
  • March 17
All Saints' Day
 United States June 14 Flag Day Commemorates adoption of the U.S. flag on June 14, 1777.
 Vietnam March 11 Flag Day Independence day (Day of the National Flag), 1945.[11]
 Venezuela August 3 Commemorates the first raising of the flag by Francisco de Miranda in Venezuelan soil, 1806. Formerly on March 12.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Gammage, Jeff (June 14, 2008). "Flag Day loses importance but lives on in Phila". Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
  2. ^ "Azerbaijan sets National Flag Day". Today.az. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  3. ^ "Azerbaijan marks National Flag Day". Today.az. November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  4. ^ "Estonian Holidays in 2010". Estonian Foreign Ministry. Archived from the original on January 6, 2011. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
  5. ^ (in Georgian) საქართველოს ორგანული კანონი საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშის შესახებ ("Law of Georgia on the State Flag of Georgia"). January 14, 2004. Parliament of Georgia. Accessed January 14, 2012.
  6. ^ "Liberia Flag Day | Article about Liberia Flag Day by The Free Dictionary". encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  7. ^ Macedonia got Flag Day Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine – Macedonian
  8. ^ Philippine Republic Act No. 8491 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-05-07.
  9. ^ (in Thai) การฉลองครบรอบ 100 ปี การประกาศใช้ธงไตรรงค์ เป็นธงชาติไทย Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  10. ^ Ukraine celebrates National Flag Day Archived October 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Xinhua News Agency (23 August 2012)
    Ceremony of hoisting Ukraine's national flag held at presidential administration, Kyiv Post (23 August 2011)
    Україна відзначає День Державного прапора On Tuesday, August 23, all of Ukraine celebrates National Flag Day. Measures to raise the national flag are planned throughout the country., 1+1 (23 August 2011)
  11. ^ "Vietinfo - Vua Bảo Đại đã công bố bản Tuyên Ngôn Độc Lập?". vietinfo.eu. Retrieved July 31, 2016.

External links

  • Media related to Flag day at Wikimedia Commons
Bonaire

Bonaire (pronounced or ; Dutch: Bonaire, pronounced [boːˈnɛːr(ə)]; Papiamento: Boneiru, pronounced [buˈneiru]) is an island in the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Its capital is Kralendijk, located near the ocean on the lee side of the island. Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao form the ABC islands located less than one hundred miles northwest of Venezuela. Unlike much of the Caribbean region, the ABC islands lie outside Hurricane Alley. The islands have an arid climate that attracts visitors seeking warm, sunny weather year round. Bonaire is a popular snorkeling and scuba diving destination because of its multiple shore diving sites and easy access to the island's fringing reefs.

As of 1 January 2016, the island's population totaled approximately 19,408 permanent residents, an increase of 500 from 2015. The island's total land area is 288 square kilometres (111 sq mi); it is 38.6 kilometres (24.0 mi) long from north to south, and ranges from 4.8–8 kilometres (3.0–5.0 mi) wide from east to west. A short 0.80 kilometres (0.50 mi) west of Bonaire across the sea is the uninhabited islet Klein Bonaire with a total land area of 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi). Klein has low growing vegetation, no trees, and is bordered by white sandy beaches and a fringing reef. The reefs, beaches and on-island reserves located on both Bonaire and Klein Bonaire are under the protection of the Bonaire National Marine Park, and managed by Stichting Nationale Parken Bonaire (STINAPA).Bonaire was part of the Netherlands Antilles until the country's dissolution in 2010, when the island became a special municipality (officially “public body”) within the country of the Netherlands. It is one of the three BES islands in the Caribbean, along with Sint Eustatius and Saba. An 80% majority of Bonaire's population are Dutch nationals, and nearly 60% of its residents were born in the former Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.

Cubs Win Flag

The Cubs Win Flag is a victory flag that is flown at Wrigley Field after every Chicago Cubs home win. The flag is variously referred to by approximately a dozen names, combining: either Cubs or Chicago Cubs; Win, W, White, White W, or W Win; and flag, banner or banner flag. Other common names for the symbol include Chicago Cubs W Win Flag and Chicago Cubs Win Banner Flag. It has become an important symbol for fans and days when the win flag is flown are known as "White Flag Days". The tradition of flying a win or loss flag over the stadium began soon after the construction of the scoreboard in 1937.The flag has used two different color schemes with the letter "W" on a solid background, and there is a loss indicator flag with a letter "L". Additionally, the flags have been complemented by different color schemes of indicator lights. The flag is also changed after each Cubs win. The flag has become a very symbolic emblem for devout Cubs fans. Some retailers sell slightly different versions that also have the Cubs logo at the bottom.

Flag Day (United States)

In the United States, Flag Day is celebrated on June 14. It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States on June 14, 1777 by resolution of the Second Continental Congress. The United States Army also celebrates the U.S. Army Birthdays on this date; Congress adopted "the American continental army" after reaching a consensus position in the Committee of the Whole on June 14, 1775.In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1946, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress. Flag Day is not an official federal holiday. Title 36 of the United States Code, Subtitle I, Part A, CHAPTER 1, § 110 is the official statute on Flag Day; however, it is at the president's discretion to officially proclaim the observance. On June 14, 1937, Pennsylvania became the first U.S. state to celebrate Flag Day as a state holiday, beginning in the town of Rennerdale. New York Statutes designate the second Sunday in June as Flag Day, a state holiday.Perhaps the oldest continuing Flag Day parade is in Fairfield, Washington. Beginning in 1909 or 1910, Fairfield has held a parade every year since, with the possible exception of 1918, and celebrated the "Centennial" parade in 2010, along with some other commemorative events. Appleton, Wisconsin, claims to be the oldest National Flag Day parade in the nation, held annually since 1950.Quincy, Massachusetts, has had an annual Flag Day parade since 1952 and claims it "is the longest-running parade of its kind" in the U.S. The largest Flag Day parade is held annually in Troy, New York, which bases its parade on the Quincy parade and typically draws 50,000 spectators. In addition, the Three Oaks, Michigan, Flag Day Parade is held annually on the weekend of Flag Day and is a three-day event and they claim to have the largest flag day parade in the nation as well as the oldest. In Washington, D.C., Flag Day is celebrated heavily through the 7th and 8th Wards of the city. It is said that Clyde Thompson is the "Godfather of Flag Day". It is tradition in these wards to slow smoke various meats and vegetables.

Flag of Aruba

Aruba's national flag () was adopted on March 18, 1976. The design consists of a field of light blue (called "Larkspur"), two narrow parallel horizontal yellow ("Bunting Yellow") stripes in the bottom half, and a four-pointed white-fimbriated red ("Union Flag red") star in the canton.

Flag of Australia

The flag of Australia is a defaced Blue Ensign: a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton (upper hoist quarter), and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars. There are other official flags representing Australia, its people and core functions of government.

The flag's original design (with a six-pointed Commonwealth Star) was chosen in 1901 from entries in a competition held following Federation, and was first flown in Melbourne on 3 September 1901, the date proclaimed as Australian National Flag Day. A slightly different design was approved by King Edward VII in 1903. The seven-pointed commonwealth star version was introduced by a proclamation dated 8 December 1908. The dimensions were formally gazetted in 1934, and in 1954 the flag became recognised by, and legally defined in, the Flags Act 1953, as the "Australian National Flag".

Flag of Kurdistan

The flag of Kurdistan (Kurdish: ئاڵای کوردستان‎) is used by Kurds as a symbol for the Kurds desire for independence. It is the official flag of the autonomous Kurdistan Region in Iraq.

Flag of Quebec

The flag of Quebec, called the Fleurdelisé (the Lily-flowered) represents the province of Quebec. It was adopted by the government of Quebec during the administration of Maurice Duplessis. It was the first provincial flag officially adopted in Canada, first shown on January 21, 1948, at the Parliament Building of the National Assembly in Quebec City. Quebec's Flag Day (January 21) commemorates its adoption each year, though for some time it was celebrated in May. At least one parade marked the flag's 60th anniversary in January 2008.

National Day of Sweden

National Day of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges nationaldag) is a national holiday observed in Sweden on 6 June every year. Prior to 1983, the day was celebrated as the Swedish Flag Day (Swedish: Svenska flaggans dag). At that time, the day was renamed the Swedish national day by the Riksdag.

National Flag of Canada Day

National Flag of Canada Day (French: Jour du drapeau national du Canada), commonly shortened to Flag Day, is observed annually on February 15 to commemorate the inauguration of the Flag of Canada on that date in 1965. The day is marked by flying the flag, occasional public ceremonies, and educational programs in schools. It is not a public holiday, although there has been discussion about creating one.

Public holidays in Brazil

In Brazil, public holidays may be legislated at the federal, statewide and municipal levels. Most holidays are observed nationwide.Apart from the yearly official holidays (listed below), the Constitution of Brazil also establishes that election days are to be considered national holidays as well. General elections are biennially held on the first Sunday of October in the first round, and on the last Sunday of October in the second round. Numerous religious and ethnic holidays are also celebrated in Brazil.

Note: The Constitution establishes that electoral days are to be considered national holidays in Brazil. General elections are held on the first Sunday of October, in the first round, and last Sunday of October, in the second round, of election years (every two years).

Public holidays in Estonia

All official holidays in Estonia are established by acts of Parliament.

Public holidays in Greece

According to Greek Law every Sunday of the year is a public holiday. In addition, there are four obligatory, official public holidays: March 25, Easter Monday, August 15 and December 25. Two more days, May 1 and October 28, are regulated by law as optional but it is customary for employees to be given the day off. There are, however, more public holidays celebrated in Greece than are announced by the Ministry of Labour each year as either of bligatory or optional. The list of these non-fixed National Holidays rarely changes and has not changed in recent decades, giving a total of twelve National Holidays each year.

A public holiday that occurs on a Sunday is not transferred to another date, with the exception of May 1, which is regarded by the locals more as a General strike than a Public Holiday.

In addition to the National Holidays, there are Public Holidays that are not celebrated nationwide, but only by a specific professional group or a local community. For example, many municipalities have a patron Saint also called 'Name Day' or a Liberation Day, and at this day is customary for schools to have a day off.

Public holidays in Haiti

The following are public holidays in Haiti. Many Vodou holidays are also celebrated, but are not considered public holidays.

The two most important holidays for Haitian Americans are Haitian Independence Day and Haitian Flag Day.

In addition, the following Christian holidays are celebrated; their dates vary according to the date of Easter each year.

Public holidays in Iceland

Public holidays in Iceland are established by the act of Parliament (Alþingi). The holidays are currently x, two of which are only holidays after noon (although many workers get the whole day off). There are also twelve official flagdays in Iceland, some of which are not public holidays. On a flag day all government buildings fly the flag. Although citizens are not obliged to do it, most people do, if they have a flagpole.

Following is a list of public holidays in Iceland:

In addition to the public holidays, other special days are celebrated in Iceland, some of which are official flagdays as well.

Public holidays in Liberia

The following are public holidays in Liberia.

Public holidays in Panama

Panama's national public holidays are:

January 1, New Year's Day

January 9, Martyrs' Day

Carnival's Monday. The Monday before Ash Wednesday.

Carnival's Tuesday. The Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.

Holy Friday - Good Friday - Death of Christ

May 1, May Day - Labor Day

July 1. (every 5 years) presidential inauguration

November 2. Day of the Dead

November 3. Separation Day (from Colombia).

November 4. Flag Day

November 5. Colón Day

November 10. "Primer Grito de Independencia de la Villa de los Santos" celebrating The Gesture of Rufina Alfaro and the uprising in the Villa de los Santos against Spain.

November 28. Independence Day (from Spain).

December 8. Mothers' Day.

December 25. Christmas.The holidays in November (starting from Separation Day), are called the Fiestas Patrias ("Patriotic Holidays").

Public holidays in Romania

Following is a list of holidays in Romania.

Public holidays in Russia

The following is the list of official public holidays recognized by the Government of Russia. On these days, government offices, embassies and some shops, are closed. If the date of observance falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be a day off in lieu of the holiday.

Public holidays in Venezuela

The table below shows a list of the most notable holidays in Venezuela. Popular and public holidays are included in the list.

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