A fix-up (or fixup) is a novel created from several short fiction stories that may or may not have been initially related or previously published. The stories may be edited for consistency, and sometimes new connecting material, such as a frame story or other interstitial narration, is written for the new work. The term was coined by the science fiction writer A. E. van Vogt,[1] who published several fix-ups of his own, including The Voyage of the Space Beagle,[2] but the practice (if not the term) exists outside of science fiction. The use of the term in science fiction criticism was popularised by the first (1979) edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by Peter Nicholls, which credited Van Vogt with the creation of the term.[3][4] The name comes from the modifications that the author needs to make in the original texts to make them fit together as though they were a novel. Foreshadowing of events from the later stories may be jammed into an early chapter of the fix-up, and character development may be interleaved throughout the book. Contradictions and inconsistencies between episodes are usually worked out.

Some fix-ups in their final form are more of a short story cycle or composite novel rather than a traditional novel with a single main plotline. Examples are Ray Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles and Isaac Asimov's I, Robot, both of which read as a series of short stories which may share plot threads and characters but which still act as self-contained stories.[5] By contrast, van Vogt's The Weapon Shops of Isher is structured like a continuous novel although it incorporates material from three previous Van Vogt short stories.

Fix-ups became an accepted practice in American publishing during the 1950s, when science fiction and fantasy—once published primarily in magazines—began appearing increasingly in book form. Large book publishers like Doubleday and Simon & Schuster entered the market, greatly increasing demand for fiction. Authors created new manuscripts from old stories to sell to publishers. Algis Budrys in 1965 described fixups as a consequence of the lack of good supply during the "bad years for quality" of the mid-1950s, although citing The Martian Chronicles and Clifford D. Simak's City as among exceptions.[6]


Science fiction and fantasy

Other genres

See also


  1. ^ Weinberg, Robert. "A. E. van Vogt: The Weinberg Interview (1980)". Isaac Walwyn. Retrieved 2016-12-27.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Liptak, Andrew (2013-08-05). "A.E. van Vogt and the Fix-Up Novel". Kirkus Reviews.
  3. ^ Nicholls, Peter; John Clute (1999). New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Orbit. p. 432. ISBN 1-85723-897-4.
  4. ^ "Fixup page at Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (Third Edition)". Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
  5. ^ Luscher, Robert M. (2012). "The American Short-Story Cycle". In Bendixen, Alfred. A Companion to the American Novel. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture. 80. John Wiley & Sons. p. 370. ISBN 9781405101196.
  6. ^ a b c d e Budrys, Algis (October 1965). "Galaxy Bookshelf". Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 142–150.
  7. ^ Latham, Rob (2009). "Fiction, 1950-1963". In Bould, Mark; Butler, Andrew M.; Roberts, Adam; Vint, Sherryl. The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. Routledge. p. 82. ISBN 9781135228361.
  8. ^ Bruccoli, Matthew J., Raymond Chandler: A Descriptive Bibliography, Pittsburgh Series in Bibliography, University of Pittsburgh, 1979.
  9. ^ Ingersoll, Ralph (1940). "Publishers' Foreword". Report on England, November 1940. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. v.
A. E. van Vogt

Alfred Elton van Vogt (; April 26, 1912 – January 26, 2000) was a Canadian-born science fiction author. He is regarded as one of the most popular, influential and complex practitioners of the mid-twentieth century, the genre's so-called Golden Age.

Black Star (rap duo)

Black Star is an American hip hop duo formed in 1997, from Brooklyn, New York City, New York. The duo is composed of rappers Yasiin Bey (Mos Def) and Talib Kweli. They released a number of singles and one album, Mos Def & Talib Kweli Are Black Star on August 26, 1998. The record received critical acclaim, but only moderate commercial success. Since then the duo has worked together intermittently on soundtracks and other projects.


Crashlander is a fix-up novel by American writer Larry Niven, published in 1994 (ISBN 978-0345381682) and set in his Known Space universe. It is also a term used in the Known Space universe, denoting a human born on the planet We Made It.

Dying Earth

Dying Earth is a fantasy series by the American author Jack Vance, comprising four books originally published from 1950 to 1984.

Some have been called picaresque. They vary from short story collection to fix-up (novel created from older short stories) perhaps all the way to novel.The first book in the series, The Dying Earth, was ranked number 16 of 33 "All Time Best Fantasy Novels" by Locus in 1987, based on a poll of subscribers, although it was marketed as a collection and the ISFDB calls it a "loosely connected series of stories".

Elaine Pope

Elaine Pope is a writer and film producer. She began her career writing TV specials for Lily Tomlin, including the 1981 TV special Lily: Sold Out, as well as the ABC-TV live sketch-comedy show Fridays (a rival of Saturday Night Live) and the HBO series Not Necessarily the News. She won an Emmy Award for co-writing the episode "The Fix-Up" of the TV series Seinfeld and was the producer and co-writer for the 2004 remake of Alfie starring Jude Law.

Fix Up, Look Sharp

"Fix Up, Look Sharp" is the second single by British rapper Dizzee Rascal and the second from his debut studio album Boy in da Corner. It became his second top forty hit and first to peak inside the top twenty. "Fix Up, Look Sharp" peaked at number seventeen and spent three weeks on the top forty.

The song heavily samples the main beat and vocals from "The Big Beat" by rock musician Billy Squier. The song is sampled in Dan Le Sac Vs Scroobius Pip's song "Fixed". This song was remixed by Ratatat and was featured on their Ratatat Remixes Vol. 1 mixtape.

"Like ragga mixed with hip hop with an incredible, original UK style," enthused Guru of Gang Starr in 2003. "I honestly believe he can sell mad records in the States. He's got good energy, man."

It was featured in the hit documentary Rize and on an episode of Skins, as was the song "Jus' a Rascal". It features briefly in an episode of Smallville and appears in the video game "DJ Hero" in multiple remixes. The song also featured on the UK version of Def Jam Rapstar. In 2012 the track also featured briefly in the animated film ParaNorman.

In October 2011, NME placed it at number 25 on its "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years".

From the Dust Returned

From the Dust Returned is a fix-up fantasy novel by Ray Bradbury published in 2001. The novel is largely created from a series of short stories Bradbury wrote decades earlier, centering on a family of Illinois-based monsters and ghosts named the Elliotts. The 6 previously published stories originally appeared in the magazines The Saturday Evening Post, Mademoiselle and Weird Tales as well as Bradbury's earlier collections Dark Carnival and The Toynbee Convector. Two of the stories, "Homecoming" and "Uncle Einar", were also anthologized in The October Country. Three new short stories are included, as well as several chapters to help connect the stories.

The novel features a cover illustration by Charles Addams, originally created to accompany the publication of the first of the Elliott stories, "Homecoming", in Mademoiselle in 1946. The Elliotts bear a strong resemblance to Addams' own Addams Family characters. Bradbury once discussed collaborating with Addams on an Elliott Family history, although that project never came to fruition.


A handyman, also known as a handyperson or handyworker, is a person skilled at a wide range of repairs, typically around the home. These tasks include trade skills, repair work, maintenance work, are both interior and exterior, and are sometimes described as "side work", "odd jobs" or "fix-up tasks". Specifically, these jobs could be light plumbing jobs such as fixing a leaky toilet or light electric jobs such as changing a light fixture.

He'd Have to Get Under – Get Out and Get Under (to Fix Up His Automobile)

"He'd Have to Get Under – Get Out and Get Under (to Fix Up His Automobile)" is one of the lengthier titles in the history of popular songs. The song was published in 1913, with music by Maurice Abrahams and lyrics by Grant Clarke and Edgar Leslie.It was introduced in vaudeville by Adele Ritchie, was a hit for recording artists such as Al Jolson in 1913, Billy Murray in 1914, duo Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter in 1951 and was revived by Bobby Horton in the Ken Burns documentary film Horatio's Drive (2003).The title was essentially self-defining. The song poked fun at the trials and tribulations of the average young car owner of the 1910s, especially when he wanted to get down to some serious "sparking" with his female passenger.

Jus' a Rascal

"Jus' a Rascal" is the third single by British rapper, Dizzee Rascal, and third and final single from his debut studio album, Boy in da Corner. The single became his third top 40 hit, peaking at number 30 and spending three weeks inside the top 75 of the UK Singles Chart.

"Jus' a Rascal" was used in an episode of Skins along with "Fix Up, Look Sharp", and in the film Kidulthood. Part of the song is also used in series 3 of Hustle.

Kellory the Warlock

Kellory the Warlock is a fix-up fantasy novel written by Lin Carter, the third book of the Chronicles of Kylix series. Its seven episodic chapters were originally written as short stories, but only one, "In the Valley of Silence," had been previously published (as "Vault of Silence," in the anthology Swords Against Tomorrow (1970)). The book was first published in hardcover by Doubleday in April 1984. It was reprinted in hardcover by Wildside Press in 2007.

Lest We Forget Thee, Earth

Lest We Forget Thee, Earth is a fix-up novel derived from three short stories written by Robert Silverberg under the pen-name Calvin M. Knox and released in 1958. They are, in order; "Chalice of Death", "Earth Shall Live Again!" and "Vengeance of the Space Armada". This novel extends the three stories previously published in 1957 and 1958 in the magazine Science Fiction Adventures.The story revolves around Hallam Navarre, a young Earthman serving as an advisor to the Galactic Overlord, Joroiran II. Running late to audience day, he discovers his position has been temporarily taken over by his rival Kausirn, and that Joroiran is none too happy about his tardiness. Hastily creating the excuse that he was searching for the mythical 'Chalice of Death', he thinks he is out of trouble, only to discover that now Joroiran expects him to set off with fellow Earthman Domrik Carso in a quest to find it. The Earthmen change their quest and decide to search for the even more mythical Earth instead. Eventually they meet another Earthwoman, Helna Winstin and together they set off to discover the truth about their ancestral home planet, and the legendary 'Chalice of Death'.

M.I Abaga

Jude "M.I" Abaga (born 4 October 1981), is a Nigerian hip hop recording artist and record producer. He has been the CEO of Chocolate City since June 2015. He won Best Hip Hop and Best New Act at the 2009 MTV Africa Music Awards, and was nominated in the Best International Act category at the BET Awards 2010. He rose to prominence in 2006 when his song "Crowd Mentality" became popular in his hometown of Jos. His critically acclaimed debut studio album, Talk About It, was released on 11 December 2008. The LP was succeeded by M.I 2 (2010). Four years after that, he released his third studio album titled The Chairman. In February 2018, M.I Abaga released a playlist project titled Rendezvous and he followed it up with his fourth studio album in August of the same year titled Yxng Dxnzl (A Study Of Self Worth).

Minnesota Housing Finance Agency

The Minnesota Housing Finance Agency (MHFA) is an agency of the State of Minnesota tasked with reducing and/or eliminating homelessness, increasing home ownership for minorities, and increasing and preserving affordable housing.

The Minnesota Housing Finance Agency is proud of its record of addressing Minnesota's basic housing needs and helping build stronger communities. Since MHFA's creation in 1971, it has assisted more than 400,000 households by providing funding for a variety of housing needs. They help people buy their first homes or fix up their existing homes. They help build and fix up affordable apartments, single family homes, shelters, and transitional and supportive housing. They work cooperatively with others to revitalize older neighborhoods and communities, build new housing around the state for a growing work force, and preserve the stock of federally assisted rental housing.

In December 2018, Governor-elect Tim Walz nominated Jennifer Ho to serve as director of the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency.

The Eyes of the Overworld

The Eyes of the Overworld is a fantasy fix-up novel by American writer Jack Vance, published by Ace in 1966, the second book in the Dying Earth series that Vance inaugurated in 1950. Retitled Cugel the Clever in its Vance Integral Edition (2005), the book features the self-proclaimed Cugel the Clever in linked stories.

The components of the fix-up were five short works published in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction from December 1965 to July 1966, and one original to the book.

The Fix-Up

"The Fix-Up" is the 33rd episode of the sitcom Seinfeld. It is the 16th episode of the show's third season. It aired on February 5, 1992. The episode won the award for Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series at the 1992 Emmy Awards for Larry Charles and Elaine Pope, the writers of the episode.

The Incorporated Knight

The Incorporated Knight is a fix-up fantasy novel by American writers L. Sprague de Camp and Catherine Crook de Camp, the first book in their sequence of two Neo-Napolitanian novels. Chapters 1-5 first appeared as L. Sprague de Camp's short stories "Two Yards of Dragon", "The Coronet", "Spider Love" and "Eudoric's Unicorn" in Flashing Swords!, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction and The Year's Best Fantasy Stories in 1976-1977. The complete novel was first published in hardcover by Phantasia Press in August 1987, and in paperback by Baen Books in September 1988, with a trade paperback edition, also from Baen, following in 1991. An E-book edition was published by Gollancz's SF Gateway imprint on September 29, 2011 as part of a general release of de Camp's works in electronic form.

The Mixed Men

The Mixed Men is a fix-up novel of science fiction short stories by Canadian-American writer A. E. van Vogt that focus on the mixed offspring of Dellian Supermen and human beings. The novel's title is taken from van Vogt's 1945 Astounding SF short story "Mixed Men", which was nominated for a Retro Hugo Award in 1996. The stories published in the novel were originally released between the years of 1943 to 1945 in Astounding SF, with the novel being first published in a 5,000 copy printing in 1952 by Gnome Press and a 1955 Berkley Books edition under the title Mission to the Stars.The novel is an early example of "fix-up" literature where several stories are re-written to make one cohesive novel.

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