Fish pond

A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir that is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming, or is used for recreational fishing or for ornamental purposes. In the medieval European era it was typical for monasteries and castles (small, partly self-sufficient communities) to have a fish pond.

Daye-pond-system-fishermen-0077
Fishing in a fish pond system at Daye Lake near Daye, China
The fishpond of la Cambre Abbey
The fishpond of la Cambre Abbey in Brussels.

History

Manor House, West End, Long Clawson - geograph.org.uk - 635587
Medieval fish pond still in use today

Records of the use of fish ponds can be found from the early Middle Ages. "The idealized eighth-century estate of Charlemagne's capitulary de villis was to have artificial fishponds but two hundred years later, facilities for raising fish remained very rare, even on monastic estates.".[1] As the Middle Ages progressed, fish ponds became a more common feature of urbanizing environments.[1] Those with access to fish ponds had a controlled source of food, not unlike pastures for cattle and sheep, for use on days when it was not permitted to eat meat. However fish ponds were difficult to maintain. They were a mark of power and authority, since only rich nobles and institutions such as monasteries could afford to maintain them.[1] In winter, supplying fresh food for a castle garrison was a constant struggle. Nobles had access to meat from deer parks, but this did not supply the needs of whole households. Though fish ponds required maintenance to keep them healthy,[1] they were an elegant way of giving monasteries and noble houses access to fresh fish. Some of the more popular species of fish farmed in fish ponds were carp and pike. From the 14th century onward these fish proved to be a popular feature of artificial fish ponds.[1]

Aquaculture

Fish ponds have been used in aquaculture. They are/were common in:

Fish ponds are also being promoted in developing countries. They provide a source of food and income from the sale of fish for small farmers and can also supply irrigation needs and water for livestock.[2]

Gallery

Fishing Pond - geograph.org.uk - 391512

Classic fishing pond used by the Clay Cross Angling Club

Brickpits fishing pond - geograph.org.uk - 1054267

Fishing pond on Grainthorpe Fen

Coarse Fishing Pond at Green Lane Farm - geograph.org.uk - 513827

Coarse fishing pond in England

Pirton-Pool-by-Philip-Halling

Medieval fish pond

0703 - Milano - Giardini della Guastalla - Peschiera - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 5-May-2007

Historic fish pond

Fishing platform - geograph.org.uk - 1096040

Fishing platform, designed for wheelchair users, at the edge of a fish pond.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Hoffmann, Richard C. (1996) "Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe." The American Historical Review, 101 (3): 631–669. doi:10.2307/2169418
  2. ^ FAO, Farm ponds for water, fish and livelihoods FAO, Rome, 2009

References

Hoffmann, Richard C. “Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe.” The American Historical Review, vol. 101, no. 3, 1996, pp. 631–669., www.jstor.org/stable/2169418.

Bourne Alder Carr

Bourne Alder Carr is a 13.4-hectare (33-acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest east of Sevenoaks in Kent.The River Bourne runs through a shallow valley, and frequent flushing of the woodland on the banks with water rich in nutrients creates a rich ground flora. There is also an area of swamp around a fish pond.Roads and footpaths go through this site.

Escowbeck

Escowbeck House a country manor house on Caton Lane in Quernmore near Lancaster, Lancashire was constructed in 1842 in extensive parkland and countryside. It is situated overlooking the Crook of Lune south of the road from Lancaster to Caton and Hornby, near where the Escow Beck from which it takes its name, flows into the River Lune. The name Escow Beck is derived from the Old Norse eski + hofud and bekkr meaning the beck by the ash tree hill. It was recorded as Escouthebroc in 1225 and Escouthe bec in 1241. The gardens, created in the early 20th century, had a fish pond through which the Escow Beck flows and boat house. The house was divided into apartments during the 1950s.

Ečka fish pond

The Ečka fish pond (Serbian Cyrillic: Рибњак Ечка, romanized: Ribnjak Ečka) is the largest fish pond in Serbia and among the largest in Europe. It is located in the plains of western Banat region, near the confluence of the Begej river into the Tisa, south of the city of Zrenjanin. It is a complex system of lakes separated by embankments. Four lakes: Belo jezero, Koča jezero, Mika jezero and Joca jezero make up over 80% of the total water area, while the remainder consists of smaller pools for fish production. It is named after the large village of Ečka to the north, but smaller villages of Lukino Selo and Belo Blato lie directly on its shores.

The lakes occupy the total area of around 15.42 km2, which makes them together the third-largest lake in Serbia, after two hydroelectric lakes of Đerdap. Fish production is performed on around 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres), and the annual output amounts to up to 6,000 tons of fish, chiefly carp. The water area which is not used for commercial production is available for recreational fishing.

Fish Pond, Kentucky

Fish Pond was an unincorporated community in Fulton County, Kentucky, United States.

He‘eia State Park

He`eia State Park is an 18.5 acre state park located near Kaneohe on the windward shore of the Hawaiian island of Oahu. The park is located on Kaneohe Bay, between the He`eia Fish Pond and He`eia Kea small boat harbor.

Kazdanga Palace

Kazdanga Palace is located in the village Kazdanga (Polish and German Katzdangen), Kazdanga parish, Aizpute municipality, Latvia. The first manor house was made out of wood and the new palace was built in 1800-1804 in the late classical style, designed according to the project by the German architect J. G. Berlitz. Kazdanga established the first Latvian fish pond, now in operation for a number of important agricultural schools.

Lake Trakošćan

Lake Trakošćan (Croatian: Trakošćansko jezero) is an artificial lake located in Trakošćan, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Croatia. The lake measures about 1.5 kilometres (1 mi) in length, and around 17 hectares (42 acres) in area. Its average depth is 2.5 metres (8 ft). The water reaches temperatures up to 22 °C (72 °F) in summer. The lake freezes over for three months during the winter. At its inception, the lake functioned as a fish pond, but retained its architectural importance to the present day.

Lake Tuzla

Lake Tuzla (Turkish: Tuzla Gölü) is a lake in Karataş ilçe (district) of Adana Province. It is to the west of Akyatan Lagoon and to the east of Seyhan River. The mid point of the lake is at 36°42′N 35°02′E It is a typical lagoon separated from the Mediterranean sea by a narrow strip. There are channels through the strip and the lake is used as a fish pond. Annual fish production is about 40 tonnes. The salinity of the lake fluctuates depending on the season.

List of lakes of Serbia

Most lakes of Serbia are artificial, created by damming numerous rivers of Serbia for the purpose of obtaining hydroelectric power or as water reservoirs. Natural lakes in the Pannonian Plain are shallow, occurred as river arms or bogs, or by aeolian erosion. Few natural lakes in the mountains are of glacial origin.

Lukino Selo

Lukino Selo (Serbian Cyrillic: Лукино Село, Hungarian: Lukácsfalva, German: Lukasdorf) is a village located in the Zrenjanin municipality, in the Central Banat District of Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The village has a Hungarian ethnic majority (67.56%) and its population numbering 498 people (2011 census).

Menehune Fishpond

The Menehune Fishpond, near Lihue, Hawaii, on Kauai, is a historic Hawaiian fishpond. Also known as Alekoko Fishpond, it has been listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Also called Alekoko or Niumalu Pond, it is bounded by a wall 900 yards long at a large bend in Hulēʻia River

It has been deemed "the most significant fishpond on Kauai, both in Hawaiian legends and folklore and in the eyes [of] Kauai's people today. It is so old that its construction is attributed to the Menehunes, a mythical people inhabiting Hawaii before the Hawaiians arrived....Additionally, it is the best example of an inland fishpond in the entire state."

It was listed on the U.S. National Register in 1973; the listing included one contributing site and one contributing structure.

Mường Luân

Mường Luân is a rural commune (xã) and village of the Điện Biên Đông District of Điện Biên Province, northwestern Vietnam. It lies about 100 km from Điện Biên Đông town. The commune covers an area of 62.4 square kilometres and has a reported population of 3473. The average elevation of the commune is 1,700m. A reported 36% of the population live below the poverty line. The village itself has a population of about 600 people in 80 households.A 25-meter wide irrigation dam and irrigation canal has been built within the commune, first proposed project by the Foundation for Microprojects in Vietnam with the provincial authorities in August 1999. Completed in April 2001, the dam is 2.8 meters high with a 1,680 meter canal (80 meters cement and 1,600 meters dirt) and irrigates some 22 hectares of rice fields, a 2.5 hectare fish pond. The irrigation scheme has a target to increase rice production from 2.75 to 3.55 metric tons annually per hectare.

Pig toilet

A pig toilet (sometimes called a "pig sty latrine") is a simple type of dry toilet consisting of an outhouse mounted over a pigsty, with a chute or hole connecting the two. The pigs consume the feces of the users of the toilet, as well as other food.

Red River (Maine)

The Red River is a 15.7-mile-long (25.3 km) river in the North Maine Woods region, within Aroostook County, Maine.

From the outflow of Fish Pond (46°57′29″N 68°50′01″W) in Maine Township 15, Range 9, WELS, the river runs about 7 miles (10 km) southeast to Red River Falls in T.14 R.8 WELS, falling about 450 feet (140 m). It runs then about 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast to St. Froid Lake in Winterville Plantation falling about 90 feet (30 m).

The lake is drained by the Fish River, a tributary of the Saint John River.

Richardson Lakes (Maine)

Upper Richardson Lake and Lower Richardson Lake are impounded as a single reservoir by Middle Dam at the outlet to Rapid River on the western shore of the lower lake. Rapid River flows 5 miles (8.0 km) to Umbagog Lake headwaters of the Androscoggin River. Upper Richardson Lake is in the western portion of Richardsontown township, and the lower lake is on the border of Magalloway Plantation and Maine township C. Primary inflow is discharge over Upper Dam on Mooselookmeguntic Lake on the eastern shore of the upper lake. Smaller tributaries entering the north end of the upper lake include Mill Brook draining the Richardson Ponds, Fish Brook draining Fish Pond, and Beaver Brook draining Beaver Pond, Little Beaver Pond, and Aziscohos Pond. Other small tributaries include Rand Brook on the western shore, and Mosquito Brook, Metallak Brook, and Bailey Brook on the eastern shore. The lake offers excellent habitat for adult trout, but with dams on the outlet and major inlet, fish populations are limited by the insufficient spawning and nursery areas of these small tributaries. The public boat launch area at the north end of the upper lake is 1 mile (1.6 km) off Maine State Route 16; and the boat launch area at the south end of the lower lake is accessed by driving 12 miles (19 km) north of Andover on South Arm Road.

Spencer Lake

Spencer Lake extends southward from Fish Pond in Hobbstown township into Maine township 3, range 5. The north end of the lake receives drainage from Whipple Bog, Whipple Pond, Hall Pond, Toby Pond, and Chub Pond through Fish Pond. The south end of the lake overflows through Little Spencer Stream and thence Spencer Stream 6 miles (9.7 km) to the Dead River 14 miles (23 km) upstream of the confluence with the Kennebec River at The Forks. The lake supports a native population of lake trout and brook trout, and has been stocked with land-locked Atlantic salmon. There is a boat launch area at the north end of the lake accessible from a 2-mile (3.2 km) gravel road 11 miles (18 km) west off U.S. Route 201 at Parlin Pond.

Titchmarsh Meadow

Titchmarsh Meadow is a 2.2 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest north-east of Titchmarsh in Northamptonshire.This poorly drained field has a rich variety of plant species, including greater bird’s-foot-trefoil, southern marsh-orchid and pepper saxifrage. A medieval fish pond which has been drained has marsh vegetation. Hedges, streams and ditches provide a valuable habitat for invertebrates and small mammals.The site is private land with no public access.

Water garden

Water gardens, also known as aquatic gardens, are a type of water feature. They can be defined as any interior or exterior landscape or architectural element whose primary purpose is to house, display, or propagate a particular species or variety of aquatic plant. The primary focus is on plants, but they will sometimes also house ornamental fish, in which case the feature will be a fish pond.

Water gardening is gardening that is concerned with growing plants adapted to pools and ponds. Although water gardens can be almost any size or depth, they are typically small and relatively shallow, generally less than twenty inches (50 cm) in depth. This is because most aquatic plants are depth sensitive and require a specific water depth in order to thrive. The particular species inhabiting each water garden will ultimately determine the actual surface area and depth required.

Ponds, Pools, and Puddles
Ponds
Pools
Puddles
Biota
Ecosystems
Related
Aquatic ecosystems

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