Firuzabad, Fars

Firuzabad (Persian: فيروزآباد‎ also Romanized as Fīrūzābād; Middle Persian: Gōr or Ardashir-Khwarrah, literally "The Glory of Ardashir"; also Shahr-e Gūr شهر گور)[2] is a city and capital of Firuzabad County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 58,210, in 12,888 families.[3] Firuzabad is located south of Shiraz. The city is surrounded by a mud wall and ditch.

The original ancient city of Gor, dating back to the Achaemenid period, was destroyed by Alexander the Great. Centuries later, Ardashir I, the founder of the Sassanian Empire, revived the city before it was ransacked during the Arab Muslim invasion of the seventh century. It was again revived by the Buyids, but was eventually abandoned in the Qajar period and was replaced by a nearby town, which is now Firuzabad.

Firuzabad

فيروزآباد
City
Firuzabad is located in Iran
Firuzabad
Firuzabad
Coordinates: 28°50′38″N 52°34′15″E / 28.84389°N 52.57083°ECoordinates: 28°50′38″N 52°34′15″E / 28.84389°N 52.57083°E
Country Iran
ProvinceFars
CountyFiruzabad
BakhshCentral
Elevation
1,467 m (4,813 ft)
Population
(2016 Census)
 • Total65,417 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Climate

Climate data for Firuzabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
15.0
(59.0)
19.3
(66.7)
22.5
(72.5)
29.6
(85.3)
34.2
(93.6)
36.7
(98.1)
36.6
(97.9)
33.9
(93.0)
29.0
(84.2)
22.4
(72.3)
16.9
(62.4)
25.8
(78.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
14.1
(57.4)
17.8
(64.0)
21.4
(70.5)
21.0
(69.8)
17.5
(63.5)
12.8
(55.0)
7.7
(45.9)
4.5
(40.1)
11.4
(52.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72
(2.8)
55
(2.2)
35
(1.4)
25
(1.0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.3)
24
(0.9)
48
(1.9)
268
(10.6)
Source: Climate-data.org

History

Gor dates back to the Achaemenid era. It was situated in a low-lying area of the region, so, during his invasion of Persia, Alexander the Great was able to drown the city by directing the flow of a river into the city. The lake he created remained until Ardashir I built a tunnel to drain it. He founded his new capital city on this site.

Ardashir's new city was known as Khor Ardashīr, Ardashīr Khurrah and Gōr. It had a circular plan so precise in measurement that the Persian historian Ibn Balkhi wrote it to be "devised using a compass". It was protected by a trench 50 meters in width, and was 2 kilometers in diameter. The city had four gates; to the north was the Hormozd Gate, to the south the Ardashir Gate, to the east the Mithra Gate and to the west the Wahram Gate. The royal capital's compounds were constructed at the center of a circle 450 m in radius. At the center of the town there was a lofty platform or tower, called Terbal. It was 30 m high and spiral in design. The design is unique in Iran, and there are several theories regarding the purpose of its construction.[4][5] It is thought to have been the architectural predecessor of the Great Mosque of Samarra of Iraq and its distinctive minaret, the malwiya.[6] In the Sasanian period, the abbreviation ART (in Inscriptional Pahlavi) was used as the mint signature to refer to Gōr.[7]

Gor and Istakhr strenuously resisted the invading Arab Muslims in the 630s and 640s; they were conquered by Abdallah ibn Amr in 649-50.[4]

The city's importance was revived again in the reign of Adud al-Dawla of the Buyid dynasty, who frequently used the city as his residence. It is at this time that the old name of the city, Gōr, was abandoned in favor of the new. In New Persian, spoken at the time, the word Gōr (گور) had come to mean "grave." King Adud al-Dawla, as the story goes, found it distasteful to reside in a "grave." Per his instruction, the city's name was changed to Peroz-abad, "City of Victory." Since then, the city has been known by variations of that name, including Firuzabad (فیروزآباد Fīrūzābād).[4] However, there is a 7th-century Arab-Sassanian coin from Ardashir-Khwarra during Umayyad period in which pylwj'b'd (Pahlavi; Pērōzābād) is mentioned as the mint.[8][9]

The city was eventually abandoned in Qajar period and its nearby settlement was populated, which is now the modern Firuzabad located 3 km to the east of the site of Gor.[9] Today, among the attractions of Firuzabad are the Sassanid Ghal'eh Dokhtar, the Palace of Ardeshir, and the fire temple and its nearby Minar.

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Firuzabad, Fars can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3063026" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ a b c http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ardasir-korra
  5. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/firuzabad
  6. ^ http://rch.ac.ir/article/Details?id=10224
  7. ^ https://www.sasanika.org/wp-content/uploads/e-sasanika6-Miri.pdf
  8. ^ http://numismatics.org/collection/1985.43.2
  9. ^ a b http://www.sasanika.org/wp-content/uploads/e-sasanika6-Miri.pdf

Sources

External links

Ab Shirin

Ab Shirin or Abshirin (Persian: اب شيرين‎) may refer to:

Ab Shirin, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Abshirin, Jahrom, Fars Province

Ab Shirin, Mamasani, Fars Province

Ab Shirin, Hormozgan

Ab Shirin, Isfahan

Ab Shirin, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Ab Shirin, Sistan and Baluchestan

Aspad Gushnasp

Aspad Gushnasp (Persian: اسپد گشنسپ‎), known as Gousdanaspa in Byzantine sources, was an Iranian commander (hazarbed) of the Sasanian royal guard, who played a key role in the overthrow of the last great Sasanian king (shah) Khosrow II (r. 590–628) and the enthronement of the latters son, Kavadh II Sheroe.

Benow

Benow or Benu or Banu or Bonu (Persian: بنو‎) may refer to various places in Iran:

Benow, Bushehr

Banu, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Benow, Lamerd, Fars Province

Benow, Larestan, Fars Province

Banu, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Province

Banu, Khamir, Hormozgan Province

Bonu, Sistan and Baluchestan

Bidestan (disambiguation)

Bidestan is a city in Alborz Province, Iran.

Bidestan or Bidastan (Persian: بيدستان‎) may also refer to:

Bidestan, Fars

Bidestan, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Bidestan, Kerman

Bidestan, Khuzestan

Bidastan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Bidastan-e Murderaz, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province

Bidestan, Lorestan

Bidestan, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Razavi Khorasan Province

Bidestan, Torbat-e Jam, Razavi Khorasan Province

Bidestan, Semnan

Bidestan, South Khorasan

Bidestan, Yazd

Dehuiyeh

Dehuiyeh or Dehuyeh or Dehueeyeh or Dehooeyeh or Dohuiyeh or Dehooyeh or Dahuiyeh or Dahooeyeh or Dehvieh (Persian: دهوييه‎) may refer to:

Dehuyeh, Estahban, Fars Province

Dehuiyeh, Khir, Estahban County, Fars Province

Dehuyeh, Runiz, Estahban County, Fars Province

Dehuiyeh, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Dehuyeh, Neyriz, Fars Province

Dehuiyeh, Baft, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Bardsir, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Kerman

Dehuiyeh, Derakhtengan, Kerman County, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Golbaf, Kerman County, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Rafsanjan, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Koshkuiyeh, Rafsanjan County, Kerman Province

Dahuiyeh, Ravar, Kerman Province

Dehuiyeh, Shahr-e Babak, Kerman Province

Dahuiyeh, Zarand, Kerman Province

Farid Abedi

Farid Abedi (born August 28, 1977 in Firouzabad) is an Iranian footballer. He currently plays for Bargh Shiraz in Azadegan League.

Farrukhmard

Farrukhmard was a 7th-century Iranian, who was the author of the Madigan-i Hazar Dadistan ("Book of a Thousand Judicial Decisions"), a crucial part of the collection of legal documents used during the Sasanian period. The son of a certain Bahram, Farrukhmard completed the book in ca. 620, during the reign of the Sasanian king Khosrow II (r. 590-628). The book used some of its information from the archives of his native city, Gur, and also some privately owned archives. Nothing more is known about Farrukhmard; he probably died in the 7th-century.

Ibn al-Muqaffa'

Abū Muhammad ʿAbd Allāh Rūzbih ibn Dādūya (Arabic: ابو محمد عبدالله روزبه ابن دادويه‎), born Rōzbih pūr-i Dādōē Persian: روزبه پور دادویه‎, more commonly known as Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ (Arabic: ابن المقفع‎), (died c. 756/759), was a Persian translator, author and thinker who wrote in the Arabic language.

Jahadabad

Jahadabad or Jehadabad (Persian: جهادآباد‎) may refer to:

Jahadabad, Ardabil

Jahadabad, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Jahadabad, Larestan, Fars Province

Jahadabad, Rostam, Fars Province

Jahadabad, Golestan

Jahadabad, Hamadan

Jahadabad, Ilam

Jahadabad, Isfahan

Jahadabad, Kerman

Jahadabad, Jiroft, Kerman Province

Jahadabad, Manujan, Kerman Province

Jehadabad, Qaleh Ganj, Kerman Province

Jahadabad, Khuzestan

Jahadabad, Boyer-Ahmad, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province

Jahadabad-e Cheshmeh Tagi, Boyer-Ahmad County, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province

Jahadabad, Gachsaran, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province

Jahadabad, Lorestan

Jahadabad-e Shomareh, Semnan Province

Jahadabad Taleqani-ye Chah Shomareh-ye Yek, Yazd Province

Jahadabad Rural District, in Kerman Province

Katak, Iran

Katak or Kotok or Kotk or Kotak or Kotek (Persian: كتك‎) may refer to:

Katak, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

Katak-e Olya, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

Katak-e Sofla, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

Katak, Arsanjan, Fars Province

Katak, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Katak, Lamerd, Fars Province

Katak, Gilan

Kotk, Kerman

Katak, Khuzestan

Kotak, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Katak, Kurdistan

Katak, Yazd

Konardan

Konardan or Kenardan (Persian: كناردان‎) may refer to:

Konardan, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Konardan, Jahrom, Fars Province

Konardan, Larestan, Fars Province

Konardan, Hormozgan

Konardan, Parsian, Hormozgan Province

Konardan-e Sharqi, Hormozgan Province

Konardan, Saravan, Sistan and Baluchestan Province

Konardan, Nik Shahr, Sistan and Baluchestan Province

Ladan and Laleh Bijani

Ladan and Laleh Bijani (Persian: لادن و لاله بیژنی‎; January 17, 1974 – July 8, 2003) were Iranian conjoined twin sisters. They were joined at the head and died immediately after their complicated surgical separation. Coincidentally, the twins were born 100 years to the day of the deaths of Chang and Eng Bunker, also conjoined twins, famously known as the "original" Siamese twins.

Majdabad

Majdabad or Majd Abad (Persian: مجداباد‎), also rendered as Mujdabad, may refer to various places in Iran:

Majdabad, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Majdabad, Marvdasht, Fars Province

Majdabad, Isfahan

Majdabad, Markazi

Majdabad-e Kohneh, Markazi Province

Majdabad-e Now, Markazi Province

Majdabad, Razavi Khorasan

Majdabad Rural District, in Fars Province

Rudbal

Rudbal or Rud Bal (Persian: رودبال‎) may refer to:

Rudbal, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Rudbal, Sepidan, Fars Province

Rudbal, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Rudbal Rural District, in Fars Province

Rudbar (disambiguation)

Rudbar is a city in Rudbar County, Gilan Province, Iran.

Rudbar or Rud Bar (Persian: رودبر‎) may also refer to:

Rudbar, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Rudbar, Sepidan, Fars Province

Rudbar-e Deh Sar, Gilan Province

Rudbar, Golestan, Golestan Province

Rudbar, Bastak, Hormozgan Province

Rudbar, Khamir, Hormozgan Province

Rudbar, Isfahan

Rudbar, Kerman

Rudbar, Rabor, Kerman Province

Rudbar, Mazandaran

Rudbar, Behshahr, Mazandaran Province

Rudbar-e Edru, Mazandaran Province

Rud Bar-e Firuz Ja, Mazandaran Province

Rudbar-e Kharkhun, Mazandaran Province

Rudbar Kola, Mazandaran Province

Rud Bar-e Later Gaz, Mazandaran Province

Rudbar-e Naqib Deh, Mazandaran Province

Rudbar, Qazvin, Qazvin Province

Rudbar-e Qasran District

Rudbar, Semnan, Semnan Province

Rudbarak-e Bala, Semnan Province

Rudbarak-e Pain, Semnan Province

Rudbar-e Jonubi County, in Kerman Province

Rudbar County, in Gilan Province

Rudbar Rural District (disambiguation)

Sahlabad

Sahlabad or Sehlabad (Persian: سهل اباد‎) may refer to:

Sahlabad, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

Sahlabad, East Azerbaijan

Sahlabad, Arsanjan, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Estahban, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Abarj, Marvdasht County, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Ramjerd-e Do, Marvdasht County, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Shiraz, Fars Province

Sahlabad, Markazi

Sahlabad, Firuzeh, Razavi Khorasan Province

Sahlabad, Nishapur, Razavi Khorasan Province

Sahlabad, Quchan, Razavi Khorasan Province

Sahlabad, South Khorasan

Sahlabad, Yazd

Salamatabad

Salamatabad (Persian: سلامت آباد‎) may refer to:

Salamatabad, Fasa, Fars Province

Salamatabad, Firuzabad, Fars Province

Salamatabad, Kharameh, Fars Province

Salamatabad, Kurdistan

Shapur I

Shapur I (Middle Persian: 𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩‎; New Persian: شاپور‎), also known as Shapur the Great, was the second shahanshah (king of kings) of the Sasanian Empire. The dates of his reign are commonly given as 240/42 – 270, but it is likely that he also reigned as co-regent (together with his father) prior to his father's death in 242 (more probably than 240).Shapur I's rule was marked by successful military and political struggles in the northeastern regions and the Caucasus, and two wars with the Roman Empire during the second of which he captured the Roman Emperor Valerian and his entire army at the Battle of Edessa. His support for Zoroastrianism caused a rise in the position of the clergy, and his religious tolerance accelerated the spread of Manichaeanism and Christianity in Persia. He is also noted in the Jewish tradition.

Shapur II

Shapur II (Middle Persian: 𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩‎ Šāpuhr), also known as Shapur II the Great, was the tenth Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire. The longest-reigning monarch in Iranian history, he reigned for his entire 70-year life from 309 to 379. He was the son of Hormizd II (r. 302–309).

His reign saw the military resurgence of the country, and the expansion of its territory, which marked the start of the first Sasanian golden era. He is thus along with Shapur I, Kavadh I and Khosrow I, regarded as one of the most illustrious Sasanian kings. His three direct successors, on the other hand, were less successful.

Shapur II pursued a harsh religious policy. Under his reign, the collection of the Avesta, the sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, was completed, heresy and apostasy were punished, and Christians were persecuted. The latter was a reaction against the Christianization of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. Shapur II, like Shapur I, was amicable towards Jews, who lived in relative freedom and gained many advantages in his period (see also Rava). At the time of Shapur's death, the Sasanian Empire was stronger than ever, with its enemies to the east pacified and Armenia under Sasanian control.

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