First grade

First grade (called Year 2 in England or Primary 2 in Scotland) is the first grade in elementary school. It is the first school year after kindergarten in Canada and the USA. Children are usually 6–7 years old in this grade.

Asia

  • In South Korea, First Grade known as 일학년 (il-hak-nyeon) begins in March when a child is six or seven years old.
  • In China, First Grade known as 一年级 (yī nián jí) begins in September when a child is six years old.
  • In Japan, First Grade known as 一年生 (i-chi-nen-sei) begins in April when a child is six years old.
  • In Singapore, First Grade or more commonly known as Primary 1 begins when a child is seven years old.
  • In Bahrain, the minimum age for the first grade is seven years old.
  • In Sri Lanka, children enter Class 1 or 2 when they are six or seven years old.
  • In Malaysia's education system, First Grade or most commonly known as Standard or Year 1 begins at the age of seven.
  • In India, children start school at age five.
  • In Iran, children start school at age seven.

Europe

  • In Belgium, children aged 6 to 7 years old enter to la première année d'enseignement primaire (first year of elementary education).
  • In Bulgaria, the minimum age for the first grade is six years old.
  • In Czech republic, children aged 6 to 7 years old enter the 1st year of elementary school (prvni trida).
  • In Finland, children are aged 6 to 7 years in the beginning of this grade.
  • In France, children aged 5 to 6 years old enter to first grade would correspond to cours préparatoire (preparatory course), more commonly called C.P.
  • In Germany, it would correspond to Erste Klasse (literal translation: first class).
  • In Greece, children are six years old.
  • In Ireland, the equivalent is known as First Class or Rang a haon. Students are usually 6–7 years old, as it is the 3rd year of primary school.
  • In Iceland, children enter the first grade (1.bekk) the year they turn six.
  • In Norway, children enter the first grade the year they turn six.
  • In Poland children enter the 1st year of school (klasa 1) aged seven (since 2012 to 2016 the age was six, earlier also seven).
  • In Portugal, children enter the 1st year of school (1º ano) aged five or six.[1]
  • In Slovenia, children are aged 5 years and 8 months to 6 years and 8 months in the beginning of this grade.[2]
  • In Sweden, children are seven years old.
  • In Spain, children are five to six years old when they enter the 1st year of elementary school (Primero de Educación Primaria).
  • In the Netherlands, first grade corresponds to Group 3, the third year of primary education.
  • In Russia, children aged 6 to 8 years old enter первый класс.
  • In Ukraine, children aged six to seven years old enter перший клас.

United Kingdom

In England and Wales, the first year of school is called reception, and the pupils are 4 to 5 years old. However, the first compulsory school year is Year One, when children are five years old. As most primary schools have a reception class which is treated like a compulsory school year, i.e. the children wear uniform and have the same school hours, most children start school in reception. The first grade is the equivalent of Year Two.[3]

Scottish pupils usually enter the corresponding stage one year younger. In Northern Ireland they are two years younger. In Scotland, first grade is equivalent to Primary 3. Pupils in Primary 3 are 7 to 8 years old. America call their primary education grade school where in Scotland they call it primary school as it would be primary 1 would start after Kindergarten (nursery) and you would be age 4 to 5 years of age. then it would be primary 2 the next year and so on up until primary 7 which would be your last year at primary school then you go off to high school.

United States

In math, students may learn about addition and subtraction of natural numbers, usually with only one digit, and about measurement. Basic geometry and graphing may be introduced. Clock and calendar time as well as money may also be in the curriculum.

In language, first graders are taught the fundamentals of literacy, including reading sentences, writing very simple statements and mastery of the alphabet, building on what the students have learned in kindergarten or other forms of pre-school (although because first grade is the first compulsory level of education in many U.S. states, the level of literacy in incoming students can vary widely). The expectations for first grade have changed due to the Common Core Standards. Curriculum is typically based on state standards developed by educators in each state. Most states use the Common Core Standards, so most schools across the country are using similar curricula. First graders are now expected to read and comprehend stories ranging in lengths and difficulty. They are also expected to show an improving fluency rate during the school year with ability to easily read stories by the end of the year.

Students are also typically introduced to the concept of social studies with an emphasis on establishing ideas of history or civics in either a personal or larger sense. Some states focus on the basics of US history and patriotism is taught, with a focus on the founding fathers and the time period surrounding the American Revolution; other states require a social studies focus on family relationships in first grade, leaving community, state, and nation studies to higher grades. Basic geography is also taught in the first grade. Focus on the school's municipal area and culture, along with basic state geography, may also be focused upon in first grade in some states. First grade science usually involves the discussion of matter, plant and animal science, earth materials, and balance and motion, along with the human body, and basic health and nutrition.

Science as inquiry is taught and practiced in first grade. Students are encouraged to observe the world around them and begin asking questions about things they notice. As they become more comfortable investigating the world around them, students will also begin asking better questions and making better, more advanced predictions.

Africa

  • In Sudan, children usually start grade 1 at the age of 6 or 7.
  • In South Africa, children start grade 1 at the age of 6 or 7, or depending on their curriculum ( If they go to a school with a CAPS or Cambridge schooling system, etc.).

Oceania

In Australia this year level is called "Prep" or Foundation. It is the first year of school after kindergarten and children are usually between 5-6 years old.

  • In New Zealand, this level of class is called "Year 2." Children generally start this level when they are 6 to 7 years old.

"Year 1" generally begins if the child is received into a school on their 5th birthday when they turn such in the first few months of the year. If they are already 5 at the beginning of Year 1, they will most likely have had their 5th birthday in the latter part of the previous year, and have come up from "New Entrant" level.

South America

  • In Brazil, the minimum age for the first grade was changed from 7 to 6 years old. Actually, what happened was the first alphabetization grade, which was called simply Alfabetização (alphabetization), was renamed to be 1st grade, thus, all the following grades got renamed as well. Then, the last middle-school grade became the 9th grade, instead of 8th.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ensino Básico e Secundário". cdp.portodigital.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-10-15.
  2. ^ "Osnovna šola" (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  3. ^ "The national curriculum". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
Preceded by
Kindergarten
First grade
age 6-7
Succeeded by
Second grade
AFL Canberra

AFL Canberra is the governing body for Australian rules football in the Australian Capital Territory.

In November 2010 the five AFL Canberra Premier Division clubs merged with the Premier Division clubs of the Queensland Australian Football League to form the North East Australian Football League. From 2011 onwards, the AFL Canberra Premier Division together with the reserve sides from the Sydney Swans and Greater Western Sydney Giants will form the NEAFL Eastern Conference.

Today AFL Canberra acts as an umbrella to several competitions beneath it. These competitions are Seniors First Grade, Seniors Second Grade, Seniors Third Grade and a Rising Stars League. There is also a women's league.

Andrew Ettingshausen

Andrew Ettingshausen (born 29 October 1965) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer of the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. He played his first grade Australian club football for the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks, retiring at the end of the 2000 NRL season having played 328 first grade games for the club, the NSWRL/ARL/SL/NRL record for most games at a single club. This record stood for ten years, before ultimately being broken by Darren Lockyer for the Broncos in 2010."ET" as he was known, represented both New South Wales, and the Australian Kangaroos, and was twice a Kangaroo tourist. After his retirement from league in 2000, Ettingshausen went on to host and produce his own fishing television show titled Escape with ET.

Ettingshausen was originally signed to the Cronulla side as a teenager before making his début at eighteen while still at school. He quickly cemented a place in the Sharks first grade side and ultimately played 328 first grade games with the club over eighteen seasons.

Australian Rugby League

The Australian Rugby Football League, more commonly known as the Australian Rugby League (ARL), was the governing body for the sport of rugby league football in Australia. The ARL, as a corporate entity, was handed over to the new Australian Rugby League Commission. at 9:30am on 9 February 2012. Since its inception the ARL administered the Australian national team and represented Australia in international rugby league matters. During the mid-1990s' Super League war the ARL administered the country's first-grade premiership until the National Rugby League was formed. The legal hand-over from ARL to ARL Commission ensured that the game has effectively had the same governing body across Australia, since 1924.

Central Coast Division Rugby League

The Central Coast Division of Country Rugby League is a rugby league competition based on the Central Coast of New South Wales between Sydney and Newcastle. It was founded in 1947 as a junior competition for the Newcastle club, Lakes United. In 1967, it was upgraded again to full membership of the Country Rugby League as Group 12. In 1981, it was renamed Central Coast Division. The division covers the entire region of the Central Coast from Woy Woy and Umina in the south up to Budgewoi and Gwandalan in the north.

Cessnock City Hornets FC

Cessnock City Hornets FC is a semi-professional soccer club based in Cessnock in the Hunter Region, New South Wales. The Hornets currently compete in the NewFM Division with teams in First Grade, Under 23s and Under 19 divisions. The NewFM Division is the 2nd tier of Football in Northern New South Wales Football below the NBN State Football League.

Group 21 Rugby League

Group 21 Rugby League is a local rugby league competition, run under the control of the Country Rugby League. It covers the Upper Hunter area of New South Wales, and has three divisions, first grade, reserves and Under 18s. For sponsorship reasons, it is known as the A Plus Contracting Group 21 Competition

The Scone Thoroughbreds have won the most titles, winning 34 titles, and are considered one of the most successful country rugby league teams.

In 2006, the Greta-Branxton Colts joined the competition. In 2009, the Raymond Terrace Magpies joined the group from Newcastle Rugby League, citing financial difficulties involved in playing in the larger competition. Budgewoi Buff Point RLFC have also joined the Under 18s competition.

Group 3 Rugby League

Group 3 is a rugby league competition on the north coast of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. The Group 3 area runs from Kempsey in the north to Forster in the south.

Haveri district

Haveri is a district in the state of Karnataka, India with the potential to become a tourist hub. As of 2001, it had a population of 1,439,116 of which 20.78% were urban residents.

Hebrew school

Hebrew school can be either (1) the Jewish equivalent of Sunday school – an educational regimen separate from secular education, focusing on topics of Jewish history and learning the Hebrew language, or (2) a primary, secondary or college level educational institution where some or all of the classes are taught in Hebrew.

The first usage is more common in the United States, while the second is used elsewhere outside Israel, for example, in reference to the Colegio Hebreo Unión in Barranquilla, Colombia, or the Associated Hebrew Schools in Toronto. See Jewish day school.

Low-density polyethylene

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene. It was the first grade of polyethylene, produced in 1933 by Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) using a high pressure process via free radical polymerization. Its manufacture employs the same method today. The EPA estimates 5.7% of LDPE (recycling number 4) is recycled. Despite competition from more modern polymers, LDPE continues to be an important plastic grade. In 2013 the worldwide LDPE market reached a volume of about US$33 billion.

Mukden Palace

The Mukden Palace (simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn), or Shenyang Imperial Palace (simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: Shěnyáng Gùgōng), was the former imperial palace of the early Manchu-led Qing dynasty. It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. Since the collapse of imperial rule in China, the palace has been converted to a museum that now lies in the center of Shenyang city, Liaoning province.

Northern Rivers Regional Rugby League

The Northern Rivers Regional Rugby League (NRRRL) is a rugby league competition run in the far north of New South Wales, Australia. It is run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. The league formed in 2005 as an extended Group 1 Rugby League competition, featuring teams from Group 18 Rugby League. Prior to this, teams from Group 18 played in a competition with teams from the Gold Coast region of Queensland. Both Group 1 and Group 18 continue to run junior competitions.

The competitions run by NRRRL include: First grade, Reserve grade, Under-18's and Ladies League Tag.

Qing official headwear

Qing Guanmao (清代官帽) was the headwear of officials during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) in China. It consisted of a black velvet cap in winter, or a hat woven in rattan or similar materials in summer, both with a button on the top. The button or knob would become a finial during formal court ceremonies held by the Emperor. Officials would have to change their tops on the hat, for non-formal ceremonies or daily businesses. Red silk tassels extended down from the finial to cover the hat, and a large peacock feather (with one to three "eyes") could be attached to the back of the hat, should the merit of wearing it have been granted by the emperor.

The colour and shape of the finial depended on the wearer's grade. The royalty and nobility used various numbers of pearls. An officer of the first grade wore a translucent red ball (originally ruby); second grade, solid red ball (originally coral); third grade, translucent blue ball (originally sapphire); fourth grade, solid blue ball; fifth grade, translucent white ball (originally crystal); sixth grade, solid white ball (originally mother of pearl). Officers of the seventh to ninth grade wore gold or clear amber balls of varied designs.

Qing officials also wore a mandarin square rank badge.

Shanghai Museum

The Shanghai Museum is a museum of ancient Chinese art, situated on the People's Square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China. Rebuilt at its current location in 1996, it is considered one of China's first world-class modern museums.

South Australian Rugby League

The South Australian Rugby League (SARL) is a not-for-profit organisation responsible for administering the game of rugby league in the state of South Australia. It was formed 28 July 1976 and is an affiliated state of the Australian Rugby League.

Sydney Grade Cricket

Sydney Grade Cricket is a cricket competition played in Sydney, Australia. As of the 2016/17 season, Sydney Grade Cricket is now referred to as NSW Premier Cricket. The name change was part of a Cricket Australia initiative to standardise the naming of the elite men's cricket competition within each state's capital city. The competition began in 1893 when a number of clubs that had been playing for many years on an ad hoc basis voted to create a formal competition structure.

Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE with the purpose of protecting the emperor in his afterlife.

The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong County, outside Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits near Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians.

Toronto Awaba Stags FC

Toronto Awaba Football Club are an Australian semi-professional soccer club based in Toronto, Newcastle, Australia. The club are currently playing in the fourth tier of Australian soccer, the Northern New South Wales NewFM Football League. The team was relegated from the NBN State Football League at the end of the 2010 season.

Zhenhai Tower (Guangzhou)

The Zhenhai Tower, also known as the Five-Storied Pagoda, is a tower in Guangzhou, Guangdong. It is located in Yuexiu Park, in central Guangzhou. It now houses the Guangzhou Museum.

Educational years

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