First Deakin Ministry

The First Deakin Ministry (Protectionist) was the 2nd ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 2nd Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin. The First Deakin Ministry succeeded the Barton Ministry, which dissolved on 24 September 1903 following Sir Edmund Barton's retirement from Parliament to enter the inaugural High Court. The ministry was replaced by the Watson Ministry on 27 April 1904 after the Labour Party withdrew their support over the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill.[1]

First Deakin Ministry
Flag of Australia (1903–1908).svg
2nd Ministry of Australia
Date formed24 September 1903
Date dissolved27 April 1904
People and organisations
MonarchEdward VII
Governor-GeneralLord Hopetoun
Lord Northcote
Prime MinisterAlfred Deakin
No. of ministers8
Member partyProtectionist
Status in legislatureMinority government (Labour support)
Opposition partyFree Trade
Opposition leaderGeorge Reid
History
Legislature term(s)1st
2nd
PredecessorBarton Ministry
SuccessorWatson Ministry

Ministry

Minister Portrait Portfolio
  Hon Alfred Deakin MP Alfred Deakin crop
  Hon Sir William Lyne KCMG MP Williamlyne
  Rt Hon Sir George Turner KCMG MP Georgeturner
  Rt Hon Sir John Forrest GCMG MP John Forrest
  Hon Senator James Drake James Drake
  Hon Sir Philip Fysh KCMG MP Unidentified participant at the Australasian Federal Convention, 4
  Hon Austin Chapman MP Austin chapman
  Hon Senator Thomas Playford Thomas playford II

References

  1. ^ "Ministries and Cabinets". Parliamentary Handbook. Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910. Before entering office, he was a leader of the movement for Australian federation.Deakin was born in Melbourne, and attended the University of Melbourne before training as a barrister. He was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly in 1879, aged 22, and became a government minister in 1883. Deakin was a major contributor to the establishment of liberal reforms in the colony, including pro-worker industrial reforms. He also played a major part in developing irrigation in Australia.

Throughout the 1890s Deakin was a participant in conferences of representatives of the Australian colonies that were established to draft a constitution for the proposed federation. He played an important role in ensuring that the draft was liberal and democratic and in achieving compromises to enable its eventual success. Between conferences, he worked to popularise the concept of federation and campaigned for its acceptance in colonial referenda. He then fought hard to ensure acceptance of the proposed constitution by the Government of the United Kingdom. After Federation, Deakin was Attorney-General in the Barton Government from 1901 to 1903. He was one of the chief architects of the White Australia policy, overseeing the drafting of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901.

As Prime Minister, Deakin completed a significant legislative program that makes him, with Labor's Andrew Fisher, the founder of an effective Commonwealth government. He expanded the High Court, provided major funding for the purchase of ships, leading to the establishment of the Royal Australian Navy as a significant force under the Fisher government, and established Australian control of Papua. Confronted by the rising Australian Labor Party in 1909, he merged his Protectionist Party with Joseph Cook's Anti-Socialist Party to create the Commonwealth Liberal Party (known commonly as the Fusion), the main ancestor of the modern Liberal Party of Australia. The Deakin-led Liberal Party government lost to Fisher Labor at the 1910 election, which saw the first time a federal political party had been elected with a majority in either house in Federal Parliament. Deakin resigned from Parliament prior to the 1913 election, with Joseph Cook winning the Liberal Party leadership ballot.

Barton Ministry

The Barton Ministry (Protectionist) was the 1st ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 1st Prime Minister, Sir Edmund Barton. The Barton Ministry was formed on 1 January 1901 when Federation took place and Australia became fully independent from the United Kingdom. The ministry was replaced by the First Deakin Ministry on 24 September 1903 following Barton's retirement from Parliament to enter the inaugural High Court.

Deakin Government (1903–1904)

The first Deakin Government was the second federal executive government of the Commonwealth of Australia. It was led by Prime Minister Alfred Deakin, from 24 September 1903 until 27 April 1904. Deakin was the second Prime Minister of Australia, but served as Prime Minister again from 1905–1908 and 1909–1910 – see Second Deakin Government and Third Deakin Government.

Deakin Ministry

Fraser Ministry may refer to:

First Deakin Ministry

Second Deakin Ministry

Third Deakin Ministry

Fourth Deakin Ministry

List of Australian ministries

This is a list of ministries of the Government of Australia since Federation in 1901.

Second Deakin Ministry

The Second Deakin Ministry (Protectionist) was the 5th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 2nd Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin. The First Deakin Ministry succeeded the Reid Ministry, which dissolved on 5 July 1905 following the resignation of George Reid after the Protectionists withdrew their support and gained support from the Labour Party. The ministry was replaced by the Third Deakin Ministry on 24 January 1907 following the 1906 federal election.

Watson Ministry

The Watson Ministry (Labour) was the 3rd ministry of the Government of Australia, and the first national Labour government formed in the world. It was led by the country's 3rd Prime Minister, Chris Watson. The Watson Ministry succeeded the First Deakin Ministry, which dissolved on 27 April 1904 after Labour withdrew their support and Alfred Deakin was forced to resign. The ministry was replaced by the Reid Ministry on 17 August 1904 after the Protectionist Party withdrew their support over the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill.

First Deakin Cabinet (1903–04)
20th century
21st century

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