FirstEnergy Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, primarily for American football. It is the home field of the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL), and serves as a venue for other events such as college and high school football, soccer, and concerts. It opened in 1999 as Cleveland Browns Stadium and was renovated in two phases in early 2014 and 2015. The initial seating capacity was listed at 73,200 people, but following the first phase of the renovation project in 2014, seating capacity was reduced to 67,431. Since 2017, capacity is listed at 67,895. The stadium sits on 31 acres (13 ha) of land between Lake Erie and the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway in the North Coast Harbor area of downtown Cleveland, adjacent to the Great Lakes Science Center and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The site was previously the location of Cleveland Stadium from 1931 to 1996.
Interior and exterior views in 2016
Location in Cleveland
Location in Ohio
Location in the United States
|Former names||Cleveland Browns Stadium (1999–2013)|
|Address||100 Alfred Lerner Way|
|Public transit||West Third|
|Owner||City of Cleveland|
|Record attendance||73,718 (November 3, 2002 vs. Steelers)|
|Broke ground||May 15, 1997|
|Opened||September 12, 1999|
|Construction cost||$283 million|
($426 million in 2018 dollars)
Robert P. Madison International, Inc.
Ralph Tyler Companies
|Project manager||The Project Group|
|Structural engineer||Osborn Engineering|
|Services engineer||URS Corporation|
|General contractor||Huber, Hunt & Nichols|
|Cleveland Browns (NFL) (1999–present)|
FirstEnergy Stadium is located on the site of Cleveland Stadium, commonly called Cleveland Municipal Stadium, a multipurpose facility built in 1931 that served as the Browns' home field from their inception in 1946 through the 1995 season. During the 1995 season, owner Art Modell announced his plans to move the team to Baltimore, which resulted in legal action from the city of Cleveland and Browns season ticket holders. The day after the announcement was made, voters in Cuyahoga County approved an extension of the original 1990 sin tax on alcohol and tobacco products to fund renovations to Cleveland Stadium. Eventually, as part of the agreement between Modell, the city of Cleveland, and the NFL, the city agreed to tear down Cleveland Stadium and build a new stadium on the same site using the sin tax funds. Modell agreed to leave the Browns name, colors, and history in Cleveland and create a new identity for his franchise, eventually becoming the Baltimore Ravens, while the NFL agreed to reactivate the Browns by 1999 through expansion or relocation of another team. Demolition on the old stadium began in November 1996 and was completed in early 1997. Debris from the former stadium was submerged in Lake Erie and now serves as an artificial reef.
Ground was broken for the new stadium on May 15, 1997, and it opened in July 1999. The first event was a preseason game between the Browns and the Minnesota Vikings on August 21, followed the next week by a preseason game against the Chicago Bears. The first regular-season Browns game at the stadium was played the evening of September 12, 1999, a 43–0 loss to the Pittsburgh Steelers.
Since 2011, the stadium has been referred to by some as the "Factory of Sadness", a name that was first coined that year by comedian and Browns fan Mike Polk. Polk made a video outside the stadium in which he complains about the team's futility. Through the 2018 season, FirstEnergy Stadium is the only NFL venue that has yet to host a postseason game of any kind. The Browns are one of five teams who have yet to host a home playoff game in their respective stadium, along with the Atlanta Falcons, San Francisco 49ers, Detroit Lions, and New York Jets. These teams, however, have hosted the Super Bowl at their respective stadiums, while the Jets' home, MetLife Stadium, has also hosted a New York Giants home playoff game.
The stadium was designed by Populous, which was known at the time as the Sport Venue Event Division of Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum (HOK). Indianapolis-based Huber, Hunt & Nichols was the construction manager. The stadium is a concrete and glass structure, using precast concrete and cast in-place for the upper concourse. Natural stone accents were used at the base of the stadium. The construction of the concrete superstructure took more than 6,000 truckloads of concrete, or the equivalent of 60,000 cubic yards (46,000 m3), with a weight of approximately 235,000,000 pounds (107,000,000 kg).
The playing surface is a Kentucky Bluegrass irrigated field, with a sand-soil root zone and an underground heating system that involves nine boilers and 40 miles of underground piping. The heating system prevents the field from freezing and extends the growing season of the turf. Although it was designed for football, the playing surface was built large enough to accommodate international soccer matches.
The eastern seating section is the home of the Dawg Pound, a section of bleacher seats. It was designed as a successor to the original Dawg Pound at Cleveland Stadium, the bleacher section also located in the east end zone. When FirstEnergy Stadium opened in 1999, the Dawg Pound was a 10,644, double-deck area. During stadium renovations in 2014, the upper level of the Dawg Pound was reduced to make way for a new, larger scoreboard, auxiliary scoreboard, and additional fan areas, and the bleacher seating in the upper level was replaced with chairbacks.
In 2013, Browns owner Jimmy Haslam announced a modernization project for FirstEnergy Stadium. The project included two phases that took place during the NFL offseasons in 2014 and 2015. Phase one included improving the audio system, installing new scoreboards three times the size of the original scoreboards and at the time the 4th largest in a NFL stadium, and adding more seats to the lower bowl. Phase two included concession improvements, upgrades to technology connectivity, graphics throughout the stadium, and enhancing the premium suites. The renovations reduced the stadium's capacity to approximately 68,000. The total cost of the renovations was estimated at $120 million with the city of Cleveland paying $30 million over 15 years and the Browns covering the rest of the cost.
The city specifically chose not to sell the naming rights to the stadium itself, which is highly unusual for major American stadiums built in recent years. However, it instead sold the naming rights to each of the facility's four main entrance gates. Originally, the gates were named for National City Bank, Steris Corp., CoreComm Inc., and the Cleveland Clinic Sports Health. The arrangement was later discontinued, though has since been partially restored. As of the 2018 season, the southwest gate is not sponsored, while the southeast gate is sponsored by and named for University Hospitals of Cleveland, the northeast gate by Cree Inc., and the northwest gate by Fifth Third Bank. The stadium is sometimes referred to as the "Factory of Sadness," due to the Browns' recent period of futility.
Randy Lerner sold the Browns to Jimmy Haslam, CEO of truck stop chain Pilot Flying J, in August 2012. Before the deal officially closed in October 2012, Haslam announced he would sell the stadium's naming rights. Haslam effectively ruled out his family business as buying the naming rights, mentioning that he had received offers for the naming rights, and that none of them are based in his home state of Tennessee. On January 14, 2013, it was reported that the naming rights were sold to FirstEnergy Corporation, the Akron-based electric utility serving most of northeastern Ohio. The Browns announced the following day that the stadium would be renamed "FirstEnergy Stadium, Home of the Cleveland Browns", with the deal getting official Cleveland City Council approval on February 15, 2013. Though naming rights belong to FirstEnergy Corporation through 2029, the stadium itself is actually serviced by Cleveland Public Power.
The stadium does not have public parking facilities. However, there are several adjacent parking facilities: the Port Authority visitors lot, the West 3rd Street parking lot, and the Great Lakes Science Center parking garage. Additionally, the West 3rd Street station of Cleveland's Waterfront light rail line serves the stadium.
In addition to home games for the Browns, the stadium hosts other events during the year, including college football, high school football, and international soccer, along with occasional concerts. The Ohio Classic, a college football game, was held there in both 2004 and 2005. In September 2006, it hosted the game between the Bowling Green Falcons and Wisconsin Badgers, which had an announced attendance of 30,307 people. From 2007 through 2009, the stadium hosted an event known as the Patriot Bowl, a season-opening game intended to showcase teams from the Mid-American Conference. The first Patriot Bowl featured the Army Black Knights and Akron Zips and drew 17,835 fans. The following season, Boston College defeated Kent State in the second Patriot Bowl on August 30, 2008 in front of 10,788 people. The third and final Patriot Bowl game was between the Ohio State Buckeyes and Toledo Rockets. While the game was considered a home game for Toledo, the crowd of 71,727 was mostly Ohio State fans.
It has hosted numerous high school football games, including playoff games of the Ohio High School Athletic Association (OHSAA) tournament. In June 2010, the Browns announced that four area powerhouses would play in doubleheader named the High School Football Charity Game. The games were played on August 28, 2010. Most recently it hosted the rivalry game between two of the Cleveland area's largest parochial schools, St. Ignatius High School and St. Edward High School, in October 2016, which had 17,400 fans in attendance.
FirstEnergy Stadium is a periodic host for both the United States men's (USMNT) and women's national soccer (USWNT) teams. The stadium hosted a game between the USMNT and Venezuela in the run-up to the 2006 FIFA World Cup and a game in 2013 against Belgium that drew 27,720 fans. The USWNT has played at the stadium on two occasions, the most recent being in 2016. It hosted a friendly against Germany in 2010 and the second leg of a friendly series with Japan in 2016. The game against Japan had 23,535 fans in attendance, the largest crowd to see the USWNT play in Ohio. CONCACAF announced in December 2016 that FirstEnergy Stadium would host games in the group stage of the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the USMNT playing at the stadium July 15, 2017 against Nicaragua as part of a doubleheader that also included Panama and Martinique. Both Panama and the United States won their respective matches by a score of 3–0. The stadium hosted the USWNT again on June 12, 2018, in a game against China, won by the U.S. 2–1.
A limited number of concerts have been held at FirstEnergy Stadium since it opened. The first concert held in the stadium was George Strait in 2000, followed in 2001 by NSYNC, as part of their PopOdyssey Tour, and The Three Tenors. Kenny Chesney has performed at the stadium on three occasions. His Flip-Flop Summer Tour came to Cleveland in 2007, followed by The Poets and Pirates Tour in 2008, and the Brothers of the Sun Tour in 2012. In 2015, the stadium was part of the circuits for One Direction and their On the Road Again Tour as well as Luke Bryan and his Kick the Dust Up Tour. U2 performed at FirstEnergy Stadium July 1, 2017 as part of The Joshua Tree Tour 2017. Tickets for the concert went on sale January 17 and were sold out the following day. Concerts held at the stadium in 2018 included Taylor Swift in Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour on July 17, followed by Beyoncé and Jay-Z on July 25 as part of their On the Run II Tour.
|url=(help). Cleveland Browns. 2016.
New in 2018, Browns fans will pass through the Fifth Third Bank Gate when entering FirstEnergy Stadium from the northwest corner.
Sweeney let the naming-rights deal pass on Feb. 15...
| Home of the
1999 – present
The 2011 MAC Men's Soccer Tournament was a college soccer postseason tournament for the Mid-American Conference to determine the MAC’s champion and automatic berth into the 2011 NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship. The tournament will be held in Akron, Ohio at the University of Akron's FirstEnergy Stadium. The tournament will be held from November 11–13, 2011.Northern Illinois won the championship. Akron would also qualify fort the NCAA Tournament through an at-large bid.2013 Cleveland Browns season
The 2013 Cleveland Browns season was the franchise's 65th season as a professional sports franchise and its 61st season as a member of the National Football League. They failed to improve on their 5–11 record from 2012, finishing the year at 4-12 their sixth consecutive 11+ loss season. They also extended their franchise record playoff drought to 11 years. This was the first season under head coach Rob Chudzinski (who was later fired after the season) and new general manager Michael Lombardi (who was later fired in February 2014). This also marked the first full season under owner Jimmy Haslam. The Browns played all of their home games at the newly renamed FirstEnergy Stadium (formerly known as Cleveland Browns Stadium).2014 Akron Zips men's soccer team
The 2014 Akron Zips men's soccer team will represent The University of Akron during the 2014 NCAA Division I men's soccer season. It will be the 65th season of the university fielding a program. The Zips enter the season as the two-time defending MAC Men's Soccer Tournament champions.2014 Cleveland Browns season
The 2014 Cleveland Browns season was the franchise's 66th season as a professional sports franchise and its 62nd as a member of the National Football League. It was the first under new head coach Mike Pettine, as former head coach Rob Chudzinski was fired after a 4–12 campaign, as well as the first under new general manager Ray Farmer. The Browns improved upon their overall record, going 7–9 and securing their first season without double digit losses since 2007. However, they failed to make the playoffs for the twelfth consecutive year, the longest postseason drought in franchise history, and still had a losing record for the 7th straight year.2015 Akron Zips men's soccer team
The 2015 Akron Zips men's soccer team will represent The University of Akron during the 2015 NCAA Division I men's soccer season. It will be the 66th season of the university fielding a program. The Zips enter the season as the three-time defending MAC Men's Soccer Tournament champions.
The Zips begin the season on August 28 at VCU, and conclude the season at home against Bowling Green.2015 Cleveland Browns season
The 2015 Cleveland Browns season was the franchise's 67th season as a professional sports franchise and its 63rd as a member of the National Football League. The team failed to improve upon their 7–9 record from the previous season. It was the second and final season under the head coach/general manager tandem of Mike Pettine and Ray Farmer as both were fired January 3, 2016 following a 3–13 season, tied for the worst record in the league with the Tennessee Titans. The Browns introduced new uniforms prior to the start of the season, along with updating its orange color to a darker hue.2016 Cleveland Browns season
The 2016 Cleveland Browns season was the franchise's 68th season as a professional sports franchise, its 64th as a member of the National Football League and its first under head coach Hue Jackson and de facto general manager Sashi Brown. The Browns failed to improve upon their 3–13 record from their previous season, finishing 1–15, their worst record in franchise history at the time. The Browns failed to make the playoffs for a franchise record 14th straight season and had a franchise record ninth straight season with a losing record.
Despite the team's performance, history was made as OT Joe Thomas became one of only five players in the NFL to be selected to the Pro Bowl in each of his first 10 seasons.2016 MAC Men's Soccer Tournament
The 2016 Mid-American Conference Men's Soccer Tournament was the 23rd edition of the tournament. It determined the Mid-American Conference's automatic berth into the 2016 NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship.2017 Akron Zips men's soccer team
The 2017 Akron Zips men's soccer team represented The University of Akron during the 2017 NCAA Division I men's soccer season. The Zips, played in the Mid-American Conference.
The Zips ended their 12-year reign as the MAC regular season champions, as an upstart campaign by Western Michigan saw the Broncos beat the Zips on tiebreaker. In the Mid-American Conference Men's Soccer Tournament, Akron defeated Western Michigan, 3-1, in the championship match to win their sixth straight MAC Tournament championship. The championship ensured the program's 14th-straight berth into the 2017 NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Tournament. In the NCAA Tournament, Akron advanced to their fifth-ever College Cup after posting victories over Seattle U, Wisconsin, and Louisville.
The Zips were guided by fifth-year head coach, Jared Embick.2019 Cleveland Browns season
The 2019 Cleveland Browns season will be the franchise's 71st season as a professional sports franchise and its 67th season as a member of the National Football League, the second full season under general manager John Dorsey and the first under new head coach Freddie Kitchens. The Browns will look to improve on their 7–8–1 record in 2018 and end their franchise-record and league-high 16-year playoff drought.Akron Zips men's soccer
The Akron Zips men's soccer team is an intercollegiate varsity sports team of the University of Akron. The team is a member of the Mid-American Conference of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Akron is regularly ranked in the Top 10 NSCAA collegiate men's soccer poll. They have been ranked No. 1 previously in 2005, 2009, 2010, and 2016. The Zips have played their home games at FirstEnergy Stadium-Cub Cadet Field, formerly named Lee R. Jackson Soccer Field and Cub Cadet Field, since 1966. They won their first national championship in 2010.Dawg Pound
The Dawg Pound is the name of the bleacher section behind the east end zone in FirstEnergy Stadium, the home field of the Cleveland Browns, a National Football League (NFL) franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio. It is known for having passionate fans.FirstEnergy Stadium (Reading, Pennsylvania)
FirstEnergy Stadium is a 9,000-seat baseball-only stadium in Reading, Pennsylvania that hosted its first regular season baseball game in 1951. The park is home to the Reading Fightin Phils of the Eastern League. It was voted the second best place to see a baseball game by Minor League News in 2006. It is also the first ballpark to ever receive the annual Digital Ballparks.com Ballpark Of The Year Award, which it was awarded in 2002. It is the first American baseball stadium to reach a total attendance of ten million without ever serving a team higher than AA.FirstEnergy Stadium (disambiguation)
FirstEnergy Stadium is an American football stadium in Cleveland, Ohio, and home of the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League
FirstEnergy Stadium may also refer to:
FirstEnergy Stadium (Reading, Pennsylvania), a baseball stadium in Reading, Pennsylvania, and home of the Reading Fightin' Phils minor league baseball team
FirstEnergy Stadium–Cub Cadet Field, the soccer stadium at the University of Akron in Akron, Ohio
FirstEnergy Park, a baseball stadium in Lakewood, New Jersey, home of the Lakewood Blue Claws minor league baseball teamFirstEnergy Stadium–Cub Cadet Field
FirstEnergy Stadium–Cub Cadet Field (formerly known as Lee R. Jackson Soccer Field) is the home soccer field of the Akron Zips men's and women's collegiate soccer team. The facility is part of the Lee Jackson Field Complex, a 23-acre (93,000 m2) multi-purpose facility which serves the University of Akron's various intercollegiate programs. Originally dedicated on October 22, 1936 as Lee R. Jackson Field it was named for the former chairman of the University of Akron Board of Directors and retired president of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, Lee R. Jackson. Jackson was captain of the 1910 football Akron football team and a three-year letterman.List of Double-A baseball stadiums
There are 30 stadiums in use by Double-A Minor League Baseball teams. The Eastern League (EL) uses 12 stadiums, the Southern League (SL) uses 10, and the Texas League (TL) uses 8. All teams affiliate with Major League Baseball (MLB) teams.
The oldest stadium is FirstEnergy Stadium (1951) in Reading, Pennsylvania, home of the EL's Reading Fightin Phils. The newest stadium is Hodgetown (2019) in Amarillo, Texas, home of the TL's Amarillo Sod Poodles. One stadium was built in the 1950s, two in the 1980s, nine in the 1990s, twelve in the 2000s, and six in the 2010s.
The highest seating capacity is 11,000 at the Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville in Jacksonville, Florida, where the SL's Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp play. The lowest capacity is 5,038 at Admiral Fetterman Field in Pensacola, Florida, where the SL's Pensacola Blue Wahoos play.List of Eastern League stadiums
There are 12 stadiums in use by Eastern League baseball teams. The oldest is FirstEnergy Stadium (1951) in Reading, Pennsylvania, home of the Reading Fightin Phils. The newest is Dunkin' Donuts Park (2017) in Hartford, Connecticut, home of the Hartford Yard Goats. One stadium was built in the 1950s, two in the 1980s, seven in the 1990s, one in the 2000s, and one in the 2010s. The highest seating capacity is 10,000 at Prince George's Stadium in Bowie, Maryland, where the Bowie Baysox play. The lowest capacity is 6,000 at UPMC Park in Erie, Pennsylvania, where the Erie SeaWolves play.North Coast Harbor
North Coast Harbor is a district in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on the shore of Lake Erie. The district serves as the home of the Great Lakes Science Center, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, FirstEnergy Stadium, the Steamship William G. Mather Maritime Museum, the USS Cod, Burke Lakefront Airport, Voinovich Bicentennial Park, and the Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. It is served by the West 3rd and North Coast stations on RTA's light rail Waterfront Line.Reading Fightin Phils
The Reading Fightin Phils (also called the Reading Fightins) are a minor league baseball team based in Reading, Pennsylvania, playing in the Eastern Division of the Eastern League. The team plays their home games at FirstEnergy Stadium. The Reading Fightin Phils were founded in 1967 as the Reading Phillies (commonly referred to as the R-Phils and sometimes Reading Phils) and they are the Double-A affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies since 1967 and this affiliation is currently tied for the longest affiliation in Minor League Baseball. The team has been owned by the Phillies since 2008.
The franchise has always been based in Reading and maintained its original name "Reading Phillies" from its establishment in 1967 through 2012. The Reading Fightin Phils are the oldest team in the Eastern League to play in their original and current city with the most seasons under their original name (Reading Phillies).
The Fightin Phils' stadium, FirstEnergy Stadium which was built in 1951 and was previously known as Reading Municipal Memorial Stadium, has been home to the Reading Fightin Phils since their establishment in 1967. The stadium seats 9,000 fans, and on July 3, 2007, the stadium celebrated their ten-millionth fan to attend a game.
The Fightin Phils won the Eastern League championship in 1968, 1973, and 1995, and were co-champions in 2001. The 1983 Phillies were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.
|Culture and lore|
|Playoff appearances (28)|
|Division championships (12)|
|Conference championships (11)|
|League championships (8)|
|Hall of Fame inductees|
|Current league affiliations|
|Former league affiliation|
Championship seasons in bold
Venues of the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup
Venues of the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup