Firozabad

Firozabad is a city in India, in the state of Uttar Pradesh also known as the City of Glass specially Bangles and so called Suhag Nagari.

During the reign of Akbar the great, revenue was brought through the city, which was looted by the Rajpoot who lived there. Akbar sent his army led by Firoz Shah Mansab Dar to make the city a cantonment to improve thieves who lived here and also the city was named after him. The tomb of Firoz is still present today. From early times, it was famous for glass and bangle works, and its related small scale industry is famous throughout the world. The landowners of Firozabad hail from the Sayed, Manihar, Pathan and the Hindu Rajput castes. Firozabad is located in north central India, in Uttar Pradesh, 37 km from Agra and around 230 km away from Delhi, at the northern edge of the Deccan Plateau, at 27°09′N 78°24′E / 27.150°N 78.400°E. It is located 164 meters (540 ft). \ above sea level.

The boundaries of Firozabad district touch Etah district in north and Mainpuri and Etawah districts in the east. The Yamuna river makes its southern boundary. The area of the district is about 0.8% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh, and the population is 1.1% of the state's total population. Approximately 73.6% of the population lives in rural areas. More than half of the workforce is engaged in manufacturing activities. The city is also an important market centre. It has moderate to severe winter and summer seasons. Child labour is practised widely in this city.[1]

Firozabad

Chandwar Nagar
City
Mahavir Digambar Jain temple of Firozabad
Mahavir Digambar Jain temple of Firozabad
Nickname(s): 
The city of Glass and Suhag Nagari
Firozabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Firozabad
Firozabad
Coordinates: 27°09′N 78°25′E / 27.15°N 78.42°ECoordinates: 27°09′N 78°25′E / 27.15°N 78.42°E
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictFirozabad
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyNagar Nigam
 • Member Of Parliament (MP)Akshay Yadav (SP)
 • MayorNutan Rathore (BJP)
 • M.L.C/District PresidentDr. Dilip Yadav (S.P)
 • District MagistrateNeha Sharma, IAS
Population
(2011 census)
 • Total603,797
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
283203
Telephone code05612
Vehicle registrationUP-83
Websitefirozabad.nic.in

History

The name Firozabad was given in the regime of Akbar by Firoz Shah Mansab Dar in 1566. It is said that Todarmal was passing through this town, on a pilgrimage to Gaya. He was robbed by robbers. At his request, Akbar, sent his Mansab Dar Firoz Shah here. He landed near or about Datauji, Rasoolpur, Mohammadpur Gajmalpur, Sukhmalpur Nizamabad, Prempur Raipura. The tomb of Firoz Shah and ruins of his residence haveli in Katra Pathanan now almost disappeared are the evidence of this fact.

Mr. Peter, a businessman working for the Dutch East India Company visited Firozabad on 9 August, 1632, and found the town in good condition. It is written in the gazetteer of Agra and Mathura that in 1596 Faraz was upgraded to a pargana. Faraz was bestowed to Nawab Sadulla Khan as jagir, in the regime of Shahjahan. Jahangir ruled here from 1605 to 1627. Etawah, Budaun, Mainpuri, Faraz were under first class mansabdar of emperor Farrukhsiar. Baji Rao I looted Firozabad and Etmadpur in 1737 in the regime of Mohammad Shah. Jats of Mahawan attacked Faujdar Hakim Kajim ali bahadur jang at Firozabad and killed him on 9 May 1739. Jats ruled Firozabad for 30 years. Gajuddin, Hidayat Vaksh son of Alamgir second his nephew and Mirza baba the son in law, came to Firozabad. Mirza Nabab Khan stayed here till 1782. In the end of the 18th century, Firozabad was ruled by Himmat Bahadur with co-operation of Marathas. The French Army chief of Marathas, D. Wayan, established an ordnance factory in November 1794. Mr. Thomas Traving also mentioned this fact in his book Travels in India. Marathas appointed his subedar Lakwadads here who made a fort near old tehsil, known at present as garie.

General Lek and General Vellajally attacked Firozabad in 1802. In the beginning of British regime Firozabad was in Etawah district but after some time it was attached to Aligarh district. When Sadabad was created as a new district in 1832, Firozabad was attached to it. Later on, in 1833 Firozabad was attached to Agra district. In 1847, the business of lac was flourishing at Firozabad.

In 1857, zamindar of Firozabad with local public took active parts in freedom struggle. Famous Urdu poet Munir Shikohabadi too was sentenced to Kala pani by the British East India Company government. People of this city took part in "Khilafat Movement", "Quit India Movement", and "Namak Satyagrah" and went to the jail during these national movements. In 1929, Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi, in 1935 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, in 1937 Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and in 1940 Subhas Chandra Bose visited Pandit Banarasi Das Chaturvedi, a two time member of Parliament - said to be the father of Hindi Journalism and the recipient of Padma Bushan. Firozabad district was finally established on 5 February 1989. In 2015 it become a Nagar Nigam.

Geography

Firozabad is located at 27°09′N 78°25′E / 27.15°N 78.42°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 164 metres (538 ft).

Climate

The lowest recorded temperature in Firozabad was −1 °C; the highest was 48 °C.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[4] Firozabad City had a population of 603,797. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Firozabad has an average literacy rate of 75.01% higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 85.32%, and female literacy is 63%. In Firozabad, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age

Transport

Firozabad railway station served by the Delhi-Howrah trunk route of the Indian Railways. Several trains serve the city connecting it to long and short distanced destinations including New Delhi, Howrah, Mumbai, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jaipur, Jammu Tawi, Amritsar, Jamshedpur, Patna, Aligarh, Agra, Hathras, Puri, Ajmer, Ambala, Bareilly, Mathura, Etawah and Tundla.

Tundla Junction railway station in the Tundla town (20 km west of Firozabad city on National Highway 2) of the Firozabad District is a major railway station of North Central Railways. Due to its proximity to Agra several trains on the Delhi Howrah route which don't stop at Firozabad station make a stop at Tundla Junction hence serving Firozabad as well as Agra cities.

The city is 45 km east from Agra on National Highway 19 which makes it an important stopover for the transport vehicles on this highway. Firozabad hence is connected to several bus services to the Western and Eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh state. Due to proximity to Agra and hence the borders of Uttar Pradesh with Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh states several inter-state bus services also serve the city. Intra-city transport typically consists of Rickshaws and 3-wheelers.

The City is well connected with Yamuna Expressway and Taj Expressway to national capital New Delhi and state capital Lucknow respectively.

Water problem

Since few years, Firozabad has been suffering with a severe water pollution problem. The water has been polluted by the indiscriminate discharge of wastes by the industries, causing a literal water "crisis". The water has been tendered practically unusable. Citizens have no option but to install water purifiers at home and use packaged drinking water for consumption.

Air pollution

Air pollution by Firozabad's industries have been held responsible among other contributors for the corrosion of the famous Taj Mahal's white marble, due to acid rain and polluted air. Firozabad was then added as part of Taj Trapezium in 1996, which banned the use of coal/ coke in industries located there, the introduction to Gas Pipeline from Gas Authority of India Limited in the glass industries have reduced it to some extent.

Market

Shastri Market located in heart of city, is a main shopping market in Firozabad where you can get all sort of shopping items. Raniwala Market is also a market located in the heart of city. The market owned entirely by Raniwalas, the family which also owns 6 Jain temples in the city. Raniwala trust is one of the prominent trusts in the city.

Industry

Glass industry

During ancient times, invaders brought many glass articles to India. These glass articles when rejected, were collected and melted in locally made furnaces called "Bhainsa Bhatti." In this furnace, wood was used as a fuel. These old traditional furnaces are still in use in Sasani near Aligarh and at Purdal Nagar and were originally used only for making smaller bottles and bangles. The glass industry specially the modern glass bangles technology was started and invented by Haji Rustam Ustad. The shrine of Haji Rustam Ustad is in Sofipura, a village on the bank of Yamuna River. His shrine is situated just opposite the shrine of famous sufi saint Shah Sufi. Every year a grand fair (mela) is held to pay homage to the father of Firozabad glass industry "Haji Rustam Ustad".This fair is attended by all people irrespective of caste, class or religion. By current production standards, only one bangle at a time can be made using these furnaces. These bangles had no joints and were locally known as "Kadechhal Ki Chudi". Over time, production slowly became more widespread among the locals. This was the start of the glass industry in Firozabad. Since then Firozabad has been the home of India's glass industry. White and coloured glass pieces being manufactured for the purpose of assembling jhad and fanus (chandeliers) which were in demand by royal courts and nobles for decorating their assembling and drawing rooms. Later on phials for Itra, scents, and other cosmetic products were made. Gradually, Indian marriage items like bangles, kangans, kada, etc. too began to be produced in bulk for the general public. Today, there is area known as Bohran Gali that sells bangles, kadas, kangans and other items of suhagins (married women).

Since 1989, Firozabad has produced artistic glassware in different colours and shades used in chandeliers and other items. About four hundred glass industries are registered in Firozabad, making different types of glass products. They use natural gas instead of coal. Half of the production of these units is exported. Nowadays, blowing/modeling is done by the Pot Furnace and Regenerative tank furnace in the factories.

Firozabad with the changing time has entered into new era of Glass Manufacturing, it has become a major hub of manufacturing different Glass based items and has registered its global presence, diversifying its industrial base and encouraging ancillary industries including Chemicals, Packaging and more of service sector based industries have flourished in a short span of time.

All sorts of glass articles, including jars, candle stands, glasses, flower vases, and electric wares such as decorative lights, bulbs and every other sort of glass articles are prepared in this city. These articles are painted with vivid colours and innovative patterns. Etching is done on some products to enhance their beauty. Decoration work is also done on some products by fixing other material on them.

Tourist places

Lord Bahubali Jain Temple

In Suhag Nagari, holy center of “Jain Nagar” was established by Lt. Seth Chhadamilal. The temple is famous for 45 feet granite Idol of Bahubali largest in North India weighing more that 3500 tonnes. There are many Jain temples near this temple.[5]

Other Places to visit

1. Hanuman temple 2- Gopal Ashram 3- Baba Neem Karori temple & birthplace 4- Vaishnno devi temple 6- Shastri Market 7- Kela devi temple 8- Firozshah Tomb 9- Bohran Gali 10- Gali Imambara (Bangle's Market) 11- Chandravar gate 12- Eid Gah Masjid 13- Jama Masjid 14- Sufi Shah Tomb

References

  1. ^ Mike Davis: Planet der Slums, Assoziation A, Berlin, 2007, page 196
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Firozabad
  3. ^ "Firozabad City Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Lord Bahubali Temple". Uttar Pradesh Tourism. Retrieved 8 February 2019.

External links

Agra division

Agra Division is one of the divisions of Uttar Pradesh, India. It contains Agra, Firozabad, Mainpuri and Mathura districts. The Population of Agra Division was 11,304,646 as of 2011.

Akshay Yadav

Akshay Yadav (born 26 October 1986) is a member of the Samajwadi Party who won the Firozabad constituency to be elected to the Lok Sabha in the 2014 Indian general election with a margin of 115,000 votes.

Anil Jain (Uttar Pradesh politician)

Anil Kumar Jain is an Indian Surgeon and Political Leader. He is the National General Secretary of BJP and also in charge of BJP's Haryana and Chhattisgarh units. He is patron of Integrated Talent Development Mission (ITDM)

He was elected to Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, from Uttar Pradesh on 23 March 2018.

Banarsidas Chaturvedi

Banarsidas Chaturvedi (24 December 1892 - 2 May 1985) was a noted Hindi-language writer, journalist and recipient of Padma Bhushan awarded by Government of India in 1973. He was born on 24 December 1892 in Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh and died on 2 May 1985.

He served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha for twelve years.

Banarsidas became interested in the plight of indentured labourers (Girmitiya) of Indian origin in Fiji where he spent several years. He wrote extensively about the predicament of Indians in Fiji. With the intervention of Reverend C. F. Andrews, the system of indentured labour in Fiji was formally ended in 1920.

A book in English titled 'Charles Freer Andrews, a Narrative' written by Banarsidas with Marjorie Sykes as co-author and foreword written by Mahatma Gandhi was published in 1949.

Firozabad (Assembly constituency)

Firozabad Assembly Constituency (Hindi: फिरोजाबाद विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Firozabad district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 97.

Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency)

Firozabad is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Uttar Pradesh.

Firozabad district

Firozabad district forms one of the western districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which has Firozabad Town as its district headquarters. The district is a part of the Agra division.

Firozabad railway station

Firozabad railway station is on the Kanpur-Delhi section of Howrah-Delhi main line and Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line. It is located in Firozabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Firozabad.

Firuzabad, Bandpey-ye Sharqi

Firozabad(Persian: فيروزآباد‎), a village in the Bandpey-ye Sharqi of Babol county in Mazandaran province in Iran with its appellation is derived from residents of that tribe is Firouzjai.

Firuzabad or Firozabad (Persian: فيروزآباد‎, also Romanized as Fīrozābād) is a village in Sajjadrud Rural District, Bandpey-ye Sharqi District, Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 439, in 112 families.The village with independent code villages in the Bandpey-ye Sharqi (eastern Bandpey) of Babol county in Sajjadrud Rural District . The village from the north to the villages Balaganjkola and Felka, from the East to the office complex and the center of Bandpey-ye Sharqi (eastern Bandpey) and city of galoogah, from the West to the village Eedmolla، And from the south to the forest land is limited.

At the 2011 census, its population was 580, in 157 families.

The village has 157 households and 1390 population and housing census of 580 inhabitants. The village of combining several villages before the glorious Islamic Revolution, Shah Kola, Barfchalsy and Lapper had a name, the name of Firozabad [3] renamed . This is because the majority of its inhabitants Firouzjai tribe, and since the Islamic Revolution referred to the name.

And since the Islamic Revolution referred to the name. The village ever since the Islamic Revolution has been the council. And after approval by Parliament and the official announcement of the institution, courses will be held in the village council elections.

And the 2007 Civil and semi-government institution administers licensing of the Ministry of Interior is deployed in the village. And is to serve the people involved.

Firozabad village in the Bandpey-sharqi and Bandpey-ye Gharbi centers located communication path. And within and surrounding the large areas of natural resources and beautiful forest green, which is due to benefit from the natural resources during the year, the holiday season, especially in the Nowruz, the thirth of April and the summer open to a large number of in this respect the tourists who topped their section is plain villages.

The village is blessed water, electricity, telephone, natural gas, too.

And the location is good. And in terms of proximity and access to facilities and administrative centers section (Bandpey-sharqi) in such a way that most offices, including the county Civil Registration Department, Imam Khomeini Relief Committee (RA), Municipalities, Electricity Distribution Company, the Veterinary Office office of the Council (Bandpey-sharqi), the public and revolutionary court (Bandpey-sharqi), cultural complex of Imam Khomeini (RA), department of natural resources and forestry, and emergency adjacent to and within two minutes of the village are located. Bandpey Hospital also, in the village is under construction.

Despite the change in Firozabad style houses, a handful is still life in the old-style houses, built of wood can be seen.

Firozabad village, Tekyeh، Husayniyyeh of Sayyed alshuhada, the mosque of Amir almomenin(A), two elementary schools and a middle school there.

The entire population of the village, the tribe original Firouzjai including: Adabi, Biglari, Gerizad, Kazemnasab, Rahmani, Perijai Mughaddam, and Most of the inhabitants is agriculture and animal husbandry.

J.S. University

J.S. University is a private university established in 2015 by Sri Jagdish Jan Kalyan Educational Trust at Shikohabad of Firozabad district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Jasrana (Assembly constituency)

Jasrana Assembly constituency (Hindi: जसराना विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Firozabad district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1952 after the "DPACO (1951)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1951. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 96.

Raj Babbar

Raj Babbar (born 23 June 1952) is a Hindi and Punjabi film actor and politician belonging to Indian National Congress. He has been a three-time member of the Lok Sabha and a two-time member of the Upper House of the Indian Parliament. He is the President of Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee.

Shikohabad

Shikohabad is a town and a municipal board in the Firozabad district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Bateshwar, a famous Hindu pilgrimage centre dedicated to Lord Shiva, and also a famous Jain Tirth on the banks of River Yamuna, is situated 22 kilometres south of Shikohabad. Shikohabad is the center of education and is well connected by all nearby towns with good roads.

Shikohabad (Assembly constituency)

Shikohabad Assembly constituency (Hindi: शिकोहाबाद विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Firozabad district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1952 after the "DPACO (1951)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1951. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 98.

Shikohabad railway station

Shikohabad railway station is on the Kanpur-Delhi section of Howrah-Delhi main line and Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line. It is located in Firozabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Shikohabad.

Sirsaganj (Assembly constituency)

Sirsaganj Assembly constituency (Hindi: सिरसागंज विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Firozabad district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 2012 after the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed and the constituency was formed in 2008. The constituency is assigned identification number 99.

Tundla

Tundla is a town and a municipal board in Firozabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located 24 km away from Agra city.

Tundla (Assembly constituency)

Tundla Assembly constituency (Hindi: टूंडला विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Firozabad district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Firozabad (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1974 after the delimitation order was passed in 1967. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 95. The constituency is revered for candidates from SC community.

Tundla Junction railway station

Tundla Junction is an important station in Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the Delhi–Kanpur main line 25 km from Agra City. Tundla is a technical halt for changing drivers and guards for almost all of the trains on the New Delhi–Mughalsarai / Lucknow sections. The station was built by the British and remains essentially unchanged. The railway station is a site in itself and takes one back to the pre-independence era.

Tundla Junction is important for the people of Agra and for tourists providing connections to the east of the country, i.e. Kolkata, Guwahati, Patna etc., and especially to the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.

It has connections to Agra Cantonment, Etawah, Aligarh Junction, Phaphund, Kanpur Central railway station etc.

Climate data for Firozabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22
(72)
25
(77)
32
(90)
38
(100)
41
(106)
41
(106)
35
(95)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
29
(84)
24
(75)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
19
(66)
13
(55)
9
(48)
19
(66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.2
(0.40)
12.7
(0.50)
10.2
(0.40)
10.2
(0.40)
15.2
(0.60)
66.0
(2.60)
195.6
(7.70)
226.1
(8.90)
114.3
(4.50)
27.9
(1.10)
2.5
(0.10)
5.1
(0.20)
696
(27.4)
Source: Firozabad Weather
Cities and towns in Firozabad district
Firozabad
Other districts
Hindustani-speaking areas of India
Bihar
Chhattisgarh
Delhi
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand
Madhya Pradesh
Rajasthan
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Glass makers and brands
Contemporary
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Historic
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Trademarks
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