|• Governing body||Union Council|
|Highest elevation||97.5 m (320 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||88.3 m (289.7 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
The town developed around the railway station. There are lots of stories about the name of the town. But the most popular among people is that it is named by the English after a woman who was the first resident of the area. It is said that she served them well and they named the place after her as a reward of her services. Another famous story is that it is named because of stone found there called Firoza. But this does not seems a likely one as now there is no sign of any such stone.
People living here belong to two different origins. One who are called Riasti belong to this region. Second are those who migrated from different regions of the Indian subcontinent after 1947. Now, culture of the region is a true symbol of cultural harmony. Most People here wear shalwar-qameez but Dhoti-kurta is also used by older fellows while young generation wear Western clothes. Shilwar-qameez is the only dresscode adopted by the women. Women here used to wear dupata on. Most women used to have a veil. Islamic culture is still dominant among women. Villagers also use turbans.
The main tribes of the town are the,Warraich, Rais, Chachar, Jam, Lar, Jhargi, Syed, Bukhari, Chauhan, Chaudhry, Qureshi, Chandia Baloch, Alvi, Thaheem, Hashmi, Malik, Mughal, Raja, Kharal, Dushti Baloch, Mazari Unner, Jamali Baloch, Mirza, Gujjar, Dasti Baloch, Khawaja, Mian, Sheikh, Bohors, Mahar, Rahmani, Bhatti, Baloch, Jat, Bhullar, Khosa Baloch, Khushk Baloch, Abbasi, Malik, Jatoi Baloch, ansari, oad, Rajput, Mirani, RAOs, Khokhar, Patafi, Palals, Kewad, Dhareja, Jat Warah, Korai Baloch, and Panwar, Bhutta, Soomro, etc. Most of the tribes resident in the town have belonged to this region for centuries. Still, a number of migrant families also are living here. These migrant families mostly belong to Indian subcontinent.
The town has majority of Muslim sects. Hindus and Christians are in minority amounting to less than 2% of total population. In this region, minorities are usually treated with equal rights as the minorities are living with majority of Muslims since centuries.
Literacy rate is quite low because of non-availability of resources. There is only one private college and two higher secondary schools. There are government-run secondary schools within the town, as well as private schools. Still lots of people are in well known departments because of their own struggle.
One of the oldest educational institution of Firoza is Govt. Higher Secondary School Firoza (for boys). It was built in 1926 by British Government as a primary school. After that it was given the designation of secondary school in 1939. After Pakistan came into being this school started progressing with pace. So, the government announced it as high secondary school in 1952. From 1952 to 1988 it remained as high school. Then, with efforts of many notable people it was given designation of Higher Secondary School. Now, it is working as higher secondary school. There came lots of ups and downs in the school history but school has given many notable people to the nation. The school is now suffering under problems like inadequate building where number of students is increasing day by day.
The first private school was Oxford Public Girls High school started on 1 January 1992. Another educational institute is Tamir-E-Millat Model Public High School Firoza which was established by Rana Mohammad Hussain in 2000.
There are other private institutions as well . But all of the above-mentioned schools are not up to the standard regarding facilities. Children here are unable to get quality education. With all those difficulties the region has produced some brilliant minds who lifted themselves from scratch.
Many religious institutes called madrasas are working here. The oldest is named Madrasa Arabia Madina tul aloom, and was established in 1950 by Syed Ibn ul Hassan, a retired bureaucrat of Pakistan Railways. After his death his older son Molana Syed Hamid Ali expanded it into an institution where hundreds of students received religious education. Later on, other religious schools for basic Islamic education were established in different corners of the town namely, Madni Mosque, Madarsat-ul-banat, Faizan-e-Madina etc. Different school of thoughts are working according to their ideologies. Number of Hafiz (Qur'an) are increasing by the work of these Islamic institutes.
Firoza is considered to have a desert climate. In Firoza, there is virtually no rainfall during the year. This location is classified as BWh by Köppen and Geiger. The average temperature in Firoza is 25.7 °C. The rainfall here averages 122 mm. The least amount of rainfall occurs in November. The average in this month is 1 mm. Most of the precipitation here falls in July, averaging 38 mm. The temperatures are highest on average in June, at around 35.3 °C. January is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 13.1 °C. The variation in the precipitation between the driest and wettest months is 37 mm. Throughout the year, temperatures vary by 22.2 °C.
Most of the people are directly or indirectly related to agriculture. This area is renowned for cotton and mango crops. Rest of them are related to trade and government employment. Trade is the most growing occupation/profession here because people from the nearby villages are investing here. Specially, people are shifting from villages of Cholistan Desert to Firoza.
Souvenirs are produced in the city, some of which include:
The city has only one government run hospital. The hospital lacks basic life-saving medicines and facilities. To facilitate the people of the town and suburbs of the town few private hospitals are working. People here are lacking proper health facilities. It is not only a dilemma of this city, it is common to the whole region. Basic health necessities are rare in the town. Drinking water of the town is unhygienic, having plentiful salt making it undrinkable. The only source of drinking water is handful water pumps on the brink of a canal just outside the town in South East direction.
It is said that there was an attack by non-Muslims that killed 22 Hafiz (Qur'an) and their teacher, Baba Bavi. Their tombs are located in the main graveyard of town. The main graveyard is in north of town. People here go to attend the religious activities.
Neighbourhoods of Rahim Yar Khan
Administrations: Rahim Yar Khan District
|Towns and councils|