Finlandia

Finlandia, Op. 26, is a tone poem by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. It was written in 1899 and revised in 1900. The piece was composed for the Press Celebrations of 1899, a covert protest against increasing censorship from the Russian Empire, and was the last of seven pieces performed as an accompaniment to a tableau depicting episodes from Finnish history.[2] The premiere was on 2 July 1900 in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.[3] A typical performance takes between 7½ and 9 minutes.

In order to avoid Russian censorship, Finlandia had to be performed under alternative names at various musical concerts. Titles under which the piece masqueraded were numerous—famous examples include Happy Feelings at the awakening of Finnish Spring, and A Scandinavian Choral March.

Most of the piece is taken up with rousing and turbulent music, evoking the national struggle of the Finnish people. Towards the end, a calm comes over the orchestra, and the serenely melodic Finlandia Hymn is heard. Often incorrectly cited as a traditional folk melody, the Hymn section is of Sibelius's own creation.[4]

Finlandia première édition
Finlandia première édition

Although he initially composed it for orchestra, in 1900 Sibelius arranged the work for solo piano.[3][5]

Sibelius later reworked the Finlandia Hymn into a stand-alone piece. This hymn, with words written in 1941 by Veikko Antero Koskenniemi, is one of the most important national songs of Finland. Today, during modern performances of the full-length Finlandia, a chorus is sometimes involved, singing the lyrics with the hymn section.[6]

With different words, it is also sung as a Christian hymn (Be Still, My Soul, Hail, Festal Day, in Italian evangelical churches: Veglia al mattino[7]), and was the national anthem of the short-lived African state of Biafra (Land of the Rising Sun). In Wales the tune is used for Lewis Valentine's patriotic hymn Gweddi Dros Gymru (A Prayer for Wales).

Finlandia
Tone poem by Jean Sibelius
Sibelius - Finlandia, Op. 26 opening motive
The opening motif[1] Play 
CatalogueOp. 26
Composed1899 (r. 1900)
Duration8 minutes
Premiere
Date2 July 1900
LocationHelsinki
ConductorRobert Kajanus
PerformersHelsinki Philharmonic Society

Press Celebrations Music

Similarly to the Karelia Suite, the original Press Celebrations Music suite was never originally released under Sibelius' supervision, but after almost 99 years with the sheet music untouched, the suite was reconstructed and released on two different CDs, the first one by the Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra in 1998, conducted by Tuomas Ollila,[8] and the second by the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 2000, conducted by Osmo Vänskä.[9][10] The last two movements of the suite were later reworked to become Finlandia.[3]

The original movements are as follows.

Recent use

See also

References

  1. ^ White, John D. (1976). The Analysis of Music, pp. 26–27. ISBN 0-13-033233-X.
  2. ^ See Grand Duchy of Finland and Russification of Finland for further historical context.
  3. ^ a b c Sibelius – The Music
  4. ^ Dubal, David. The Essential Canon of Classical Music, p. 466. New York: North Point Press, 2001.
  5. ^ Sibelius, Jean. Finlandia Op.26 Nr.7 für Klavier zu zwei Händen, Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, Nr 2415
  6. ^ Schwarm, Betsy. "Finlandia, Tone Poem For Orchestra By Sibelius". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Veglia al mattino – Chiesa Evangelica Valdese". www.chiesavaldese.org. Unione delle Chiese metodiste e valdesi. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  8. ^ Allmusic's information about of the recording by Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
  9. ^ Allmusic's information of the recording by Lahti Symphony Orchestra.
  10. ^ Allmusic's general information about the suite.
  11. ^ Die Hard 2 [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] at AllMusic
  12. ^ "Finders Keepers, Lovers Weepers! (1968) Soundtracks". tunes.zone. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  13. ^ Infernale, Angela. "Nightwish Live Review – European Imaginaerum Tour 2012". Sonic Cathedral. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  14. ^ Mitä Vapaus On at Discogs
  15. ^ Nironen, Saija (8 December 2015). "Näin huikeasti Sibeliuksen Finlandia kajahti Helsingin Senaatintorilla – video" [This is how amazingly Sibelius' "Finlandia" was sung on Helsinki Senate Square – video] (in Finnish). Yle. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  16. ^ Romano, Nick (21 November 2016). "'The Walking Dead' Recap: Hilltop Gets A Surprise Visit of Its Own". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 30 June 2018.

External links

2000 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and ice dancing.

The 2000 competition was held in Helsinki, Finland.

2001 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and ice dancing.

The 2001 competition was held in Helsinki, Finland on 6–7 October 2001.

2002 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and pair skating.

The 2002 competition was held in Helsinki, Finland on 5–6 October 2002.

2003 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

The 2003 competition was held in Helsinki, Finland on 10–12 October 2003.

2006 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles and ladies' singles.

The 2006 competition was held in Vantaa, Finland on 6–8 October 2006.

2007 Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition, held in Finland. Skaters compete in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and pair skating.

The 2007 competition was held in Vantaa, Finland on 12–14 October 2007. It was one of the competitions that helped choose the Finnish team for the 2008 European Figure Skating Championships.

2009 Finlandia Trophy

The 2009 Finlandia Trophy was the Finlandia Trophy competition for the 2009–2010 figure skating season. It was the 14th edition of the Finlandia Trophy to be held. The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters competed in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and ice dancing.

The 2009 Finlandia Trophy was held between 8 and 11 October 2009 at the Valtti Areena in Vantaa.

2010 Finlandia Trophy

The 2010 Finlandia Trophy was the Finlandia Trophy competition for the 2010–11 figure skating season. It was the 15th edition of the Finlandia Trophy to be held. The Finlandia Trophy is an annual senior-level international figure skating competition held in Finland. Skaters competed in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and ice dancing.

The 2010 Finlandia Trophy was held at the Valtti Areena in Vantaa between 8 and 10 October 2010.

2011 Finlandia Trophy

The 2011 Finlandia Trophy was an international figure skating competition in the 2011–12 season. It was the 16th edition of the annual event. Skaters competed in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, and ice dancing on the senior level.

The 2011 Finlandia Trophy was held on 6–9 October 2011 at the Valtti Areena in Vantaa.

2012 Finlandia Trophy

The 2012 Finlandia Trophy was an international figure skating competition in the 2012–13 season. The 17th edition of the annual event was held on October 4–7, 2012 in Espoo, Finland. Skaters competed in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, ice dancing and synchronized skating on the senior level.

2013 Finlandia Trophy

The 2013 Finlandia Trophy is a senior international figure skating competition in the 2013–14 season. The 18th edition of the annual event was held on 4–6 October 2013 in Espoo, Finland. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, ice dancing, and synchronized skating.

2014 CS Finlandia Trophy

The 2014 Finlandia Trophy was a senior international figure skating competition in the 2014–15 season. A part of the 2014–15 ISU Challenger Series, the 19th edition of the annual event was held on 9–12 October 2014 in Espoo, Finland. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, ice dancing, and synchronized skating.

2015 CS Finlandia Trophy

The 2015 Finlandia Trophy was a senior international figure skating competition in the 2015–16 season. A part of the 2015–16 ISU Challenger Series, the 20th edition of the annual event was held on 9–11 October 2015 in Espoo, Finland. October 8th was an unofficial practice day. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, ice dancing, and synchronized skating, .

2016 CS Finlandia Trophy

The 2016 CS Finlandia Trophy was a senior international figure skating competition held in October 2016 in Espoo, Finland. It was part of the 2016–17 ISU Challenger Series. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is a senior-level international figure skating competition. Since 1995, it is held annually in Finland in Greater Helsinki region, including Helsinki, Vantaa, and Espoo. It became part of the ISU Challenger Series in the 2014–15 season. Medals may be awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dancing and synchronized skating, although not every discipline is included every year.

Finlandia University

Finlandia University is a university in Hancock, Michigan. It is the only private university in the Upper Peninsula. Founded in 1896 as The Suomi College and Theological Seminary, it is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

Finlandia hymn

The Finlandia hymn (Finnish: Finlandia-hymni) refers to a serene hymn-like section of the patriotic symphonic poem Finlandia, written in 1899 and 1900 by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. It was later re-worked by the composer into a stand-alone piece.With words written in 1941 by Veikko Antero Koskenniemi, the Finlandia hymn is one of the most important national songs of Finland (though Maamme is the de facto national anthem).Other words commonly sung to the same melody include at least six Christian hymns including "Be still, my soul"; "I sought the Lord"; "We rest on Thee"; "A Christian Home"; "This Is My Song"; "I then shall live"; and possibly others, "Gweddi dros Gymru" or "A Prayer for Wales" (a national song of Wales), "Ambrosian Oaks" (the alma mater of St. Ambrose University in Davenport, Iowa), "Land of the Rising Sun" (the national anthem of the short-lived African state of Biafra), and "At Thy call we gather" (the alma mater of Iolani School in Honolulu, Hawaii). It is also serves as the music for Capital University's alma mater, "O Capital."

Order of the Lion of Finland

The Order of the Lion of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Leijonan ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Lejons orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty and the Order of the White Rose of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

The Order of the Lion of Finland was founded on September 11, 1942. It was introduced in an effort to preserve the prestige of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, which could have been diminished if granted too frequently, and to facilitate the awarding of honours for various types of merit. The Lion of Finland is awarded for civilian and military merit. The ribbon for all classes of insignia is dark red.

The President of Finland wears the Star of the Order of the Lion of Finland.

Warner Classics

Warner Classics is the classical music arm of Warner Music Group. The label began issuing new recordings under the Warner Classics banner in 1991. The company also includes the Erato Records, Teldec Records and NVC Arts labels. Based in France, Warner Classics also distributes the Lontano and Finlandia labels.

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