Filipino Canadians (French: Canadiens philippins; Filipino: Pilipinong Kanadyano; Baybayin: ᜉᜒᜎᜒᜉᜒᜈᜓ ᜃᜈᜇᜒᜌᜈᜓ) are Canadians of Filipino descent. Filipino Canadians are the third largest subgroup of the overseas Filipinos and one of the fastest growing groups in Canada.
Canada only had a small population of Filipinos until the late 20th century. As of the 2016 Canadian Census, there are 851,410 people of Filipino descent living in Canada, most living in urbanized areas. This number is growing yearly due to Canada's more liberal immigration laws to compensate for their low population growth. Filipino Canadians are the third-largest Asian Canadian group in the nation after the Indian and Chinese communities. They are also the largest Southeast Asian group in the country. Between the 2011 Census and the 2016 Census, the Filipino community in Canada grew from 662,605 to 851,410, a growth of about 27%, compared to the rest of Canada which grew by 5% in the same time period.
2.42% of the Canadian population (2016)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Ottawa, Montreal, Surrey, British Columbia, most urban areas|
|British Columbia||158,215 (3.4%)|
|English (Canadian, Philippine), Canadian French, Tagalog (Filipino), Visayan languages, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Spanish and other languages of the Philippines|
|Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Iglesia Ni Cristo Minority: Irreligion|
|Related ethnic groups|
The first Filipinos migrated to Canada in 1930. In 1950, 10 Filipinos were recorded in Manitoba. These first generation Filipino-Canadians were mainly women who worked as nurses and teachers, and in the health sector. These first Filipinos came from the United States to renew their visas after they had expired, in hopes of returning to the US. Most of them did return to the US, but some stayed in Canada.
From 1946 to 1964, the total number of Filipinos in Canada was 770. During the 1960s, Canada recruited more professionals, mostly from the United States, with some coming directly from the Philippines. Most of these nurses, technicians, office workers and doctors arrived in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In the late 1960s, more Filipinos came to Winnipeg to work in the garment industry.
During the 1970s, most Filipinos came directly from the Philippines to Winnipeg to work in clerical, sales and manufacturing fields. In the late 1970s, more Filipinos came to join their relatives who worked in Canada under the family reunification program. More and more Filipinos decided to settle in Ontario, particularly in Toronto, where jobs were prospering.
During the 1980s, Canada saw an influx of Filipino contract workers, many who found work as live-in caregivers. Many of these contract workers later became landed immigrants under the Live-In Caregiver Program.
During the 1990s, more Filipinos came as families and independents instead of being sponsored by family or being recruited as contract workers.
From 1990 onward, there has been a steady flow of Filipinos entering Canada, with about 10 to 20 thousand coming in every year. In December 2008, the Philippines passed China as Canada's leading source of immigrants.
The Greater Toronto Area (GTA), which includes the city of Toronto, and the regional municipalities of Durham, Halton, Peel, and York, is home to the largest Filipino community in Canada with a third of all Filipino Canadians calling the GTA home. As of the 2016 Census, there were 282,385 people of Filipino descent living in the GTA making them the fourth largest visible minority group behind the Indian, Chinese, and Black communities.The number of Filipino Canadians in the GTA grew from 252,120 in 2011 to 282,385 in 2016 representing a growth of 12% in 5 years.
Tagalog is the fifth most spoken language, other than English or French, to be spoken in the GTA, and is also one of the fastest growing languages in the region. Other Philippine languages, such as Ilocano, and Cebuano, also have a sizable number of speakers throughout the region.
A huge percentage of the Filipino diaspora in GTA are working professionals. Several Filipino-owned business have also sprouted all over the metropolitan area. In 2017, Seafood City, a Filipino owned supermarket chain in the United States, opened its first Canadian location in Mississauga. Other Filipino establishments like Jollibee, CrispyTown, Grill City, Philippine National Bank, among others, have also established roots in GTA.
Filipinos are generally well spread out throughout the GTA, with a few areas of concentration. In the city of Toronto, the former municipalities of Scarborough and North York are popular destinations for new Filipino immigrants, and naturalized Filipino Canadians alike. According to the 2016 Census, Tagalog is the most common non-English mother tongue language, in the following neighbourhoods:
Other Philippine languages also ranked among the most common non-English mother tongue languages. Ilocano ranked in the top 10 non-English mother tongue languages in 3 neighbourhoods (Briar Hill-Belgravia, Englemount-Lawrence, Clanton Park). Cebuano also ranked in the top 10 languages for the Briar Hill-Belgravia neighbourhood.
Outside of the city of Toronto, Mississauga and Brampton in Peel Region, Markham and Vaughan in York Region, Ajax and Pickering in Durham Region, and Milton in Halton Region have large percentages of Filipino residents.
As of the 2016 Canadian Census:
Vancouver is home to the second largest Filipino community in Canada with nearly 134,000 Filipinos residing there. Filipinos in Vancouver make up the third-largest Asian-Canadian and visible minority group behind the Chinese and South Asians. Most of British Columbia's 159,000 Filipinos reside in the Greater Vancouver Area where the jobs are concentrated. About one in five Filipinos in Canada call Metro Vancouver home.
Filipinos, along many other Asian-Canadians, contribute to the city's economy greatly. Many of the Filipinos in Vancouver work in the health and finance industry, with also a significant percentage that work in service, manufacturing, and real estate. Several others are business owners, with some bringing in well known franchise chains like Pepper Lunch and Chatime to the city. Qoola, a local frozen yogurt chain with over 20 locations, is also founded by a Manila-born businessman. Big restaurant names like Max's of Manila, and soon, Jollibee, have also set their presence in the city.
In addition, Vancouver is home to the only branch of Goldilocks Bakeshop in Canada. Ayala Land, the Philippines' leading Real Estate developer company, recently completed a mix-use residential development with local real estate developer company, Rize, in Vancouver's Mt. Pleasant neighbourhood.
Winnipeg is home to 77,305 Filipinos, making them the third largest Filipino community in Canada by total population, however the largest by percentage (8.7%). The Filipino community in Winnipeg is the largest visible minority group in Winnipeg ahead of the Chinese-Canadians and Indo-Canadians (but excluding aboriginal Canadians, who are not counted as a "visible minority" by Statistics Canada). Winnipeg is home to the oldest Filipino community in Canada with Filipino immigration to Winnipeg beginning before 1950. Winnipeg was home to the largest Filipino community before the 1980s. About 1 out of 10 Filipinos in Canada call Winnipeg home. There is also Filipino community centre called The Philippine Canadian Centre of Manitoba (PCCM) providing social and service to the Filipino community and also holds events such as Folklorama. There are a lot of Filipino politicians that live in Winnipeg. There are also Filipino newspapers such as The Pilipino Express News Magazine, The Filipino Journal, and Ang Peryodiko. There is also a radio station, CKJS, which broadcasts Filipino related news, music, lifestyle and much more.
Winnipeg's Filipino population is largely concentrated in the West End and North End areas of the city. The neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Arlington Street is 45% Filipino, and the neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Wall Street is 47% Filipino.
Filipinos in Winnipeg contribute greatly to the local economy. Jollibee, a well known global Filipino fast food chain, has its first 2 Canadian locations established in this city.
Calgary is home to over 75,000 Filipinos making them the fourth largest Filipino community in Canada. Filipinos started coming in droves in Calgary in the early '80s and '90s. Outside of Calgary, some smaller communities are experiencing an influx of Filipino immigrants to fill job vacancies. These new immigrants and their children work to integrate and flourish in Canada.
According to the 2016 National Census, 64,275 Filipinos live and work in the Edmonton Capital Region. Various Filipino associations celebrate the culture and take part in large metropolitan events such as the Edmonton Heritage Festival. In 2002, the Filipino community presented its home nation as the "Featured Country" during Capital Ex (formerly Klondike Days). Edmonton is also the home of the Philippine Cultural Society, the Philippine Choral Society, and the Karilagan Dance Society.
Radio station CKER-FM also broadcasts community programming to Filipinos in Edmonton.
The sixth largest Filipino community in Canada, Montreal is home to nearly 36,000 Filipinos. Filipinos in Montreal are concentrated in the Cote-des-Neiges area and around Decarie Expressway, both areas have many Filipino establishments and professional offices. The Filipino Association of Montreal and Suburbs FAMAS is an advocacy group for Filipino Canadians active in and around the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is the oldest such association in Quebec.
The National Capital Region made up of the cities of Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec is home to the seventh largest Filipino community in Canada with over 14,000 Filipinos residing in Canada's capital. Ottawa is also the home of the Philippine Embassy and ambassador to Canada.
Southwestern Ontario is home to over 15,000 Filipinos. Most of them live in the cities of Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener, London and Windsor. Southwestern Ontario is home to a successful and thriving Filipino community.
The city of Hamilton situated on the western shore of Lake Ontario is home to almost 12,000 Filipinos. Hamilton is home to the first Filipino community centre and school in Canada both opening in the early 80s and late 70s, respectively.
The Niagara region on the south shore of Lake Ontario is home to over 4,000 Filipinos. They form a tight knit community concentrated in the cities of St. Catharines and Niagara Falls. Niagara-on-the-lake is home to a very successful community and the only town to have had a Filipino mayor in Canada, Arturo Viola.
The northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut have a Filipino community of almost 3,000 despite an extremely cold climate. The Filipino community has grown steadily from 735 in 2001. Filipinos in the Northwest Territories make the largest visible minority group there with a population of 1,410. Filipinos in the Yukon Territory are the second-largest minority group to the Chinese with a community of 1,310 living there. Nunavut has a growing Filipino population of 245. The territories received about 50 Filipinos on average a year from 2001 to 2006.
Most Filipinos who immigrate to Canada settle in the large urban areas where there are more jobs and a vibrant community life. These areas include: Metro Vancouver, Greater Calgary, Edmonton Capital Region, City of Winnipeg, the Greater Toronto Area and Greater Montreal. According to Statistics Canada seeing the current trend, by 2031, the Fillipino Canadian population is projected to reach between 1.9 and 2.1 million. Much of this growth will be bolstered by high immigration rates, assuming immigration to the United States remains as restricted as it has been. Notably, Canada now has a Filipino population more than twice as large percentage-wise as that of the United States, the Philippines' former colonial master.
|Number of Philippine nationals granted permanent residence in Canada by year|
|Year||Number of Philippine nationals admitted||Total number of permanent residents admitted||Proportion of permanent residents admitted|
|Province||Filipino 2001||% 2001||Filipino 2011||% 2011||Filipino 2016||% 2016|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||265||0.1%||1,395||0.3%||1,385||0.3%|
|Prince Edward Island||35||0.0%||95||0.1%||670||0.5%|
The majority of Filipino-Canadians are women who make up about 65% of the population.
The entrepreneurial spirit of Filipinos is alive and well in Canada. Through their strong presence, many Filipino international companies, as well as locally founded businesses, have thrived and succeeded in Canada.
Some notable companies that Filipinos founded in Canada, or brought internationally to Canada, are as follow:
Across Canada, community-based newspapers and television programs operate to serve the Filipino community, and to broadcast news and information from the Philippines, and from around the Filipino-Canadian community. In Ontario, some of these media outlets are members of the Philippine Press Club of Ontario.
|June||Filipino Heritage Month||Toronto, ON|
|June||Pistahan sa Toronto||Toronto, ON|
|June||Philippine Festival||Vancouver, BC|
|June||Philippine Heritage Celebration||Winnipeg, MB|
|June||Pinoy Fiesta & Trade Show sa Toronto||Toronto, ON|
|June||Kalayaan Picnic||Mississauga, ON|
|June 12||Philippine Independence Day||Nationwide, Canada|
|July||Fiesta Ng Kalayaan||Mississauga, ON|
|July||Pista sa Nayon||Montreal, QC|
|July||PCUAA Summerfest||Toronto, ON|
|July||Pateros Town Fiesta||Edmonton, AB, Toronto, ON, Vancouver, BC and Winnipeg, MB|
|July||Filipinos Making Waves||Toronto, ON|
|August||Mabuhay Philippines Festival||Toronto, ON|
|August||Filipino Day at Wonderland||Vaughan, ON|
|August||Philippine Summer Festival||Vancouver, BC|
|August||Kultura Filipino Arts Festival||Toronto, ON|
|August||Filipino CommUNITY Family Fun Day||Fredericton, NB|
|August||Pistang Pinoy||Regina, SK|
|September||Filipiniana Festival||Winnipeg, MB|
|December 16 to 24||Simbang Gabi Christmas Dawn Masses||Nationwide, Canada|
|December 25||Pasko Christmas Feast||Nationwide, Canada|
|December 30||Jose Rizal Day||Nationwide, Canada|
Alvin Erasga Tolentino is a Filipino Canadian choreographer and dance artist, and the founding Artistic Director of Vancouver, British Columbia's Co.ERASGA Dance.Asian Canadians
Asian Canadians are Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian people. Canadians with Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17.7% of the Canadian population. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities.
Asian Canadians considered visible minorities may be classified as East Asian Canadian (e.g. Chinese Canadians, Korean Canadians, Japanese Canadians); South Asian Canadians (e.g. Bangladeshi Canadians, Indian Canadians, Pakistani Canadians, Sri Lankan Canadians); Southeast Asian Canadian (e.g. Filipino Canadians, Vietnamese Canadians); or West Asian Canadians (e.g. Iranian Canadians, Iraqi Canadians, Lebanese Canadians).Carlos Bulosan Theatre
Carlos Bulosan Theatre (CBT) is the only long-standing professional Filipino-Canadian theatre company in Canada and is based in Toronto, Ontario. It was founded in 1982 by activists Fely Villasin and Martha Ocampo under the name Carlos Bulosan Cultural Workshop (as a cultural wing of the North American-based Coalition Against the Marcos Dictatorship). Now in its 37th year, CBT continues to celebrate its history of artistic activity and service to Filipino-Canadians and their broader community.
Honouring its namesake, Filipino poet Carlos Bulosan, CBT produces theatre that reflects on socio-political issues affecting the Filipino community. CBT aims to focus on the encouragement and development of emerging Filipino-Canadian playwrights/performers/multidisciplinary artists and strives to create innovative work that represents vibrant, artistic voices from both older and newer generations of Filipino-Canadians. CBT also seeks to build a larger audience within the varying diasporas in Canada by using a wide range of story-telling that includes Theatre-For-Young-Audiences, theatre based in realism/naturalism, as well as experimental works and one-act presentations.
CBT is a charitable, not-for-profit organization and a former member of the Canada Council for the Arts' Stand Firm, Toronto Theatre Alliance and an affiliate member of PACT (Professional Association of Canadian Theatres).Emilio Villareal
Emilio Villareal (December 21, 1920 – September 12, 2011), also fondly called Maestro Mil, by his constituents as well as the talented singers he mentored over the years, is one of Cebu's most talented composers and musicians. Born in Boljo-on, Cebu in 1920, Mil was one of several children born to Chinese and Spanish immigrants. The gift of music was one shared by several siblings, but it was Mil whose career spanned several decades and to this day, is still alive in spite of his advanced years.
In Mil's early musical years, he started as the school Band Director of the University of San Carlos (1946–1948). He moved on to becoming a staff pianist and eventually, the Musical Director of Cebu Broadcasting Company (1948–1982). With the advent of television, he was picked as the Musical Director of Channel 7's Sali Kami (1983–1988). He was also the Band Leader of the Aristocrats Orchestra and DYRC Orchestra. During this time, his reputation for composing some of the most memorable songs in Visayan history flourished. Among the most unforgettable ones was "Bisan sa Damgo Lang", a song popularized and sung by Pilita Corrales, the Philippines' foremost female ballad singer.
Mil's nine grown children and grandchildren reside in Europe, the Philippines, the U.S.A. and Canada. It is in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, where he resides with his wife, Enriqueta. Although retired from the Philippine musical circle, Mil continued to offer his services and musical genius to the Philippine Choral group where, as Musical Director, he mentored and provided musical assistance, even composed songs, for their annual concerts from 1991-2000. He led the Visayas/Mindanao Association (VISMIN) choir in Edmonton where various activities are organized by Filipinos, most notably, the Sto. Nino fiesta. During these events, Mil composed songs for the group to sing, including "Panamilit". In his later years, Mil continued to entertain and fulfill his musical drive. In Halad 2010, he was one of the honorees. In 2011, he penned his last composition, a final legacy to the Cebuano culture and the arts, titled "Awit Ni Dodong", the theme song of Jose R. Gullas Halad Museum with lyrics written by Cebuano newscaster Leo Lastimosa.Filipino Association of Montreal and Suburbs
The Filipino Association of Montreal and Suburbs (French: Association Philippine de Montréal et des Banlieues) is an expatriate advocacy group for Filipino Canadians active in and around the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is the oldest such association in Quebec.Filipino Heritage Month
Filipino Heritage Month is a month-long celebration in Canada that takes place every June. The work for the declaration of Filipino Heritage Month was started by Paulina Corpuz of Toronto, Ontario. It was finally declared in Canada on October 30, 2018, in the Filipino Heritage Month Act 2017.Filipino Plaza
Filipino Plaza is a landscaped park located in Vanness Avenue, west of SkyTrain's Nanaimo Station in the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The open park, sometimes referred to as a linear park, is located underneath the SkyTrain Expo Line, and was one of the dozens of open parks built in 1986 as part of BC Transit's Parkway Program showcasing different cultural parks on the 26-kilometre path that parallels the SkyTrain. Many ethnic communities created legacies on the linear park under the Skytrain in 1986.Highly visible in the front of the park are a wooden arch, a very distinctive-colorful Sarimanok logo, and 2 walls made up of 2,000 red bricks donated by Filipino-Canadians representing the pioneers of the plaza.Construction of the park was made possible with the bayanihan spirit of Filipino-Canadian members of the "Filipino Plaza Committee of 1985." The designer of the Sarimanok logo and the park itself was a Filipino. The committee led the effort of the many Filipino in raising enough money for the plaza.The Filipino Plaza Committee of 2010 was formed to handle proposed improvements...Filipino TV
Filipino TV (FTV) is a Canadian exempt Category B Tagalog language specialty channel and is owned by Ethnic Channels Group (ECG). It broadcasts news and public affairs from the Philippines and locally produce Canadian content on a daily basis.
Filipino TV is an entertainment specialty service that airs top rated Filipino content both in Tagalog and in English. In addition, FTV showcases talkshows, religious programming, daily kids' show, fresh daily news from the motherland, Foreign programming aired on FTV will continuously evolve as more partnerships are forged.Filipino community in Toronto
The Filipino community in Toronto comprises 62% of the Filipino population in Canada. In 2007, 140 000 Filipinos lived in Toronto, accounting for 3% of Toronto’s overall population. According to the study conducted in 2001, 57% of the Filipino community were female.Grand Falls-Windsor
Grand Falls-Windsor is a town located in the central region of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, with a population of 14,171 at the 2016 census. The town is the largest in the central region, the fifth largest in the province, and is home to the annual Exploits Valley Salmon Festival. Grand Falls-Windsor was incorporated in 1991 when the two former towns of Grand Falls and Windsor amalgamated.
The town is known as "Qapskuk" in the Mi'kmaq language.Happy Valley-Goose Bay
Happy Valley-Goose Bay (Inuit: Vâli) is a town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
Located in the central part of Labrador on the coast of Lake Melville and the Grand River, Happy Valley-Goose Bay is the largest population centre in that region. Incorporated in 1973, it comprises the former town of Happy Valley and the Local Improvement District of Goose Bay. Built on a large sandy plateau in 1941, the town is home to the largest military air base in northeastern North America, CFB Goose Bay.Jonathan de Guzmán
Jonathan Alexander de Guzmán (born 13 September 1987) is a professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for German club Eintracht Frankfurt and the Netherlands national team.
De Guzmán is Canadian-born, but made himself available for the Netherlands after he gained Dutch citizenship in 2008. He was capped four times for the Netherlands U21, scoring three goals and was active on the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. De Guzmán progressed through the Feyenoord Academy, making his first team debut in 2005 and has played over 100 matches for the club from Rotterdam. In the summer of 2010 de Guzmán signed a three-year contract with RCD Mallorca following a free transfer. The following summer he was purchased by Villarreal.
De Guzmán is also known as a free-kick specialist.List of Canadians of Asian ancestry
This is a list of Canadians of Asian ancestry. Asian Canadians comprise the largest visible minority in Canada, at 11% of the Canadian population.List of electoral firsts in Canada
This article lists notable achievements of women, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and gay/lesbian/bisexual and transgender people in Canadian politics and elections in Canada.
This list includes:
Members of Parliament—Members of the House of Commons of Canada;
Senators—Members of the Senate of Canada
Governor-General—Canadian Governors General and Lieutenant Governors
Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs);
Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs in Ontario);
Members of the National Assembly (MNAs) in Quebec; and
Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs) in Newfoundland and Labrador.Little Manila
A Little Manila (also known as a Manilatown or Filipinotown) is a community with a large Filipino immigrant and descendant population. Little Manilas are enclaves of Overseas Filipinos consisting of people of Filipino origin living outside of the Philippines. This term applies to Filipinos who are both abroad indefinitely as citizens or permanent residents of a different country, and to those Filipino citizens abroad for a limited, definite period, such as on a work contract or as students. It can also include seamen and others who work outside the Philippines, but are neither permanent nor temporary residents of another country.Overseas Filipinos
An Overseas Filipino (Filipino: Pilipino sa Ibayong-dagat) is a person of Filipino origin who lives outside the Philippines. This term applies to Filipinos who are abroad indefinitely as citizens or as permanent residents of a different country and to those Filipino citizens abroad for a limited, definite period, such as on a work contract or as students. It can also refer to a person who is of Filipino descent.Philippine Independence Day Parade
The Philippine Independence Day Parade is a celebration for the Filipino American community in the United States home to more than 4 million Filipinos. Its main purpose is to create awareness of Philippine culture and to raise funds for charity projects in the Philippines and the United States.Philippine Independence, as a celebration in America, has gained cultural awareness prominently after the 21st century began. Earlier generations of Filipino immigrants did not celebrate Philippine Independence in significant ways. Philippine Independence Day is widely celebrated among Filipinos in the United States and is now a major event for many Filipino Americans to rekindle their roots and heritage.
The largest among Philippine Independence celebrations in the United States takes place in New York City every first Sunday of June. The Philippine Independence Day Parade in New York City attracts over 100,000 people.
The 2018 Philippine Independence Day Parade in New York City will take place on June 3, 2018 on Madison Avenue, following the tradition of the celebration being on the first Sunday of June.Rey Fortaleza
Reynaldo "Rey" Fortaleza (born December 26, 1957) is a former Olympic boxer who represented the Philippines in the 1976 Montreal Olympics. In 1990, he immigrated to Canada where he became a community leader and media entrepreneur.Richmond, British Columbia
Richmond () is a coastal city located in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is part of the Metro Vancouver area. It is the major part of Lulu Island.
As of 2016, it has an estimated population of 198,309 people with 60% being immigrants, the highest proportion of immigrants in Canada. Richmond is the location of Vancouver International Airport. During the 2010 Winter Olympics, Richmond was the site for the long track speed skating events.
Richmond is located on Lulu Island at the mouth of the Fraser River. It encompasses adjacent Sea Island and some smaller uninhabited islets to the north and south. Neighbouring communities are Vancouver and Burnaby to the north, New Westminster to the east, and Delta to the south. The Strait of Georgia forms its western border.
Canadians of Asian descent by area of origin