Filinto de Almeida

Filinto de Almeida (December 4, 1857-January 28, 1945) was a dramatist, journalist, and poet who was born in Porto, Portugal, but who was taken to Brazil by relatives at the age of 10 where he lived the rest of his life, dying in Rio de Janeiro. He did not have a formal education, but began his career as a writer at the age of 19. In 1887, he married in Lisbon Júlia Lopes de Almeida, a novelist. After the establishment of the Brazilian Republic, he officially took Brazilian citizenship and became a politician. He was the editor of various journals. He wrote drama, poetry, and novels.[1]


A writer who experimented with various poetic genres, his first book of poetry, Lyrica,[2] is notable for the creation of a new verse form, the biolet, which has stimulated at least limited imitation in English.[3]


  1. ^, retrieved on 13 June 2017
  2. ^ Almeida, pp. 113-114 & 119-120.
  3. ^ Kitabayashi. The Tower of Babylon, A Trioletic Anthology from Various Languages. pp. 60 & 68-69

Further reading

  • Filinto de Almeida. Lyrica. Typ. Moreira Maximino & C., 1887.
  • Hikaru Kitabayashi. The Tower of Babylon, A Trioletic Anthology from Various Languages. Lulu Press, 2017. ISBN 978-1-365-94608-0
Adelmar Tavares

Adelmar Tavares da Silva (Recife, February 16, 1888 – June 20, 1963 Rio de Janeiro) was a lawyer, magistrate, jurist, professor and poet from Recife. He was a member of Brazilian Societies devoted to criminology and law. As a poet he was respected with several of his poems becoming songs. In 1948 he became President of the Academia Brasileira de Letras.

Alberto da Costa e Silva

Alberto da Costa e Silva (born 12 May 1931, in São Paulo) is a Brazilian historian, poet and former diplomat. He won the 2014 Camões Prize.

Alfredo Bosi

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Carlos de Laet

Carlos Maximiliano Pimenta de Laet (October 3, 1847 – December 7, 1927) was a journalist, professor and poet from Brazil.

Dias Gomes

Alfredo de Freitas Dias Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈdʒiɐʒ ˈɡõmiʃ]) (19 October 1922 – 18 May 1999) was a Brazilian playwright.

He was born on October 19, 1922 in Salvador, Bahia. He started writing plays at age 15 and later wrote soap operas. He wrote the first ever colored soap opera in Brazilian television, and the one with the highest rating of all time. He was also a writer of numerous Brazilian TV shows, miniseries, and a few movies. Keeper of Promises was the first ever Brazilian movie to be nominated for an Oscar, and the only South American to ever win the Golden Palm in Cannes. In 1950 he married Brazilian telenovelist Janete Clair and in their 33 years of marriage they had three children. She died in 1983 and six years later he remarried, to Bernadeth Lyzio. With her he had two daughters, Mayra Dias Gomes, a writer, and Luana Dias Gomes, a student of Economics at Stanford University. He died in a car accident in São Paulo, in 1999.

Fernando Magalhães

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Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda

Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda (April 23, 1892 – December 22, 1979) was a prominent Brazilian jurist, judge, diplomat and professor of Law at the Federal University of Pernambuco. He occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1979, until his death.

He is best known for the extent of his works, which covers several areas of knowledge, including Law, Sociology, Philosophy, Politics and Mathematics, and were published in Portuguese, German, French, Spanish and Italian.

Francisco de Assis Barbosa

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Hipólito da Costa

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Ignacio de Loyola Brandão

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Júlia Lopes de Almeida

Júlia Valentina de Silveira Lopes de Almeida (Sep 24, 1862 – May 30, 1934) was one of the first Brazilian women to earn acclaim and social acceptance as a writer. In a career that spanned five decades, she wrote in a variety of literary genres; however, it is her fiction, written under the influence of the naturalists Émile Zola and Guy de Maupassant, that has captured the attention of recent critics. Her notable novels include Memórias de Marta (Marta's Memoirs), the first Brazilian novel to take place in an urban tenement, A Família Medeiros (The Medeiros Family), and A Falência (The Bankruptcy). Immensely influential and appreciated by peers like Aluísio Azevedo, João do Rio and João Luso, she is remembered as an early advocate of modernized gender roles and increased women's rights, as a precursor to later women writers like Clarice Lispector, and for her support of abolition. She was married to the poet Filinto de Almeida.

Lauro Müller

Lauro Severiano Müller (8 November 1863 – 30 July 1926) was a Brazilian politician, diplomat, and military engineer. Responsible for the transition of Santa Catarina from a province to a state, he is also recognised as one of those who helped achieve the Brazilian diplomatic victory over Bolivia through the Treaty of Petrópolis, which allowed for the purchase of Acre and its incorporation into Brazil.

Müller occupied the 34th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1912 until his death in 1926.

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Paulo Setúbal

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He occupied the 31st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1934 until his death in 1937.

Rachel de Queiroz

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