Filicudi

Filicudi (Italian pronunciation: [filiˈkuːdi]) is one of eight islands that make up the Aeolian archipelago, situated 30–50 km (19–31 mi) northeast of the island of Sicily, southern Italy. It is a frazione of the comune of Lipari.

Filicudi
View of Alicudi and Filicudi
Filicudi as seen from Alicudi
Filicudi is located in Sicily
Filicudi
Filicudi
Filicudi location within the map of Sicily
Geography
LocationTyrrhenian Sea
Coordinates38°34′17″N 14°33′45″E / 38.571389°N 14.5625°ECoordinates: 38°34′17″N 14°33′45″E / 38.571389°N 14.5625°E
ArchipelagoAeolian Islands
Area9.49 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Highest elevation774 m (2,539 ft)
Highest pointFossa Felci
Administration
Italy
RegionSicily
ProvinceMessina
ComuneLipari
Demographics
DemonymFilicudari
Population235 (2001)
Pop. density25 /km2 (65 /sq mi)[1]
Additional information
Official websitecomunelipari.gov.it

Geography

Aeolian Islands map
The Aeolian Islands.

Its total area is 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi). There are several small villages on the island, which include Pecorini Mare and Valdichiesa. Filicudi's lands are capable of producing wine, olive oil, grain, and vegetables. In 1997, three quarters, approximately 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) of Filicudi was turned into a Natural Reserve.

The highest point is Monte Fossa Felci at 774 m (2,539 ft). Other points include Monte Montagnola at 349 m (1,145 ft) and Monte Terrione at 278 m (912 ft). At Capo Graziano are the remains of a Bronze Age village dating back to the second millennium BCE. Off the coast, the volcanic finger-like rock of La Canna rises about 74 metres (243 ft) above the sea.

History

Alicudi filicudi
View of Alicudi and Filicudi

The modern name of "Filicudi" is a corruption of the ancient Greek name for the island, Phoenicusa (Phoenician island). The island, like the other Aeolian Islands, was settled since the Neolithic Age, around 3000 BCE. As evidenced by archaeological findings, the island was occupied by a new people during the Bronze Age. The island was uninhabited for many centuries until occupied by the Greeks. Roman and Byzantine remains can also be found on the island.

Since the 1970s Filicudi was rediscovered and populated by photographers and artists such as Sergio Libiszewsky, Ettore Sottsass, novelist Roland Zoss, and editor Giulio Einaudi. Their perceptions brought the island into the focus of modern tourism.

People

  • John Bonica (born 1917), anesthesiologist and professional wrestler
  • Roland Zoss (born 1951), novelist and composer

See also

References

  1. ^ "14th General Population Census and General Housing Census (2001)". DaWinci.

External links

Aeolian Islands

The Aeolian Islands () (Italian: Isole Eolie, pronounced [ˈiːzole eˈɔːlje], Sicilian: Ìsuli Eoli, Greek: Αιολίδες Νήσοι, Aiolides Nisoi) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus. The islands' inhabitants are known as Aeolians (Italian: Eoliani). The Aeolian Islands are a popular tourist destination in the summer and attract up to 200,000 visitors annually.

The largest island is Lipari and the islands are sometimes referred to as the Lipari Islands or Lipari group. The other islands include Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi, Panarea and Basiluzzo.

Aeolian wall lizard

The Aeolian wall lizard (Podarcis raffonei) is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Italy.

Aermediterranea

Aermediterranea was an Italian airline founded in 1981 as a subsidiary of Alitalia to replace Itavia on the Italian domestic scene. The airline was owned by Alitalia and ATI, and was later merged into ATI in 1985.

Alicudi

Alicudi (Italian pronunciation: [aliˈkuːdi]) is the westernmost of the eight islands that make up the Aeolian archipelago, a volcanic island chain north of Sicily. The island is about 40 km (25 mi) west of Lipari, has a total area of 5.2 km2 (2.0 sq mi), and is roughly circular. It is located at 38°32′45″N 14°21′00″E.

Geography of Italy

Italy is located in southern Europe and comprises the long, boot-shaped Italian Peninsula, the southern side of Alps, the large plain of the Po Valley and some islands including Sicily and Sardinia. Corsica, although belonging to the Italian geographical region, has been a part of France since 1769. Italy is part of the Northern Hemisphere.

Its total area is 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), of which 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi) is land and 7,200 km2 is water (2,780 sq mi). It lies between latitudes 35° and 48° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E.

Italy borders Switzerland (698 km or 434 mi), France (476 km or 296 mi), Austria (404 km or 251 mi) and Slovenia (218 km or 135 mi). San Marino (37 km or 23 mi) and Vatican city (3.4 km or 2.1 mi) are enclaves.

Including islands, Italy has a coastline of 7,600 km (4,700 mi) on the Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Ligurian Sea, Sea of Sardinia and Strait of Sicily.

Giovanni Bonventre

Giovanni "John" Bonventre (April 18, 1901 – 1970s?) was a New York mobster with the Bonanno crime family.

John Bonica

John Joseph Bonica (February 16, 1917 – August 15, 1994) was a Sicilian American anesthesiologist and professional wrestler known as the founding father of the discipline of pain medicine.

Lipari

Lipari (Italian pronunciation: [ˈliːpari], Sicilian: Lìpari, Latin: Lipara, Ancient Greek: Μελιγουνίς Meligounis or Λιπάρα Lipara) is the largest of the Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the northern coast of Sicily, southern Italy; it is also the name of the island's main town and comune, which is administratively part of the Metropolitan City of Messina. Its population is 12,734, but during the May to September tourist season, the total population may reach up to 20,000.

List of islands in the Mediterranean

The following is a list describing the islands located in the Mediterranean Sea.

List of volcanoes in Italy

This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Italy.

Michele Michahelles

Michele Michahelles (b. Italy, 1936) is an Italian and Swiss architect, best known for his work in Paris with MBA, the Marcel Breuer and Associates practice.

Michahelles was born in Florence into a prestigious artistic family that included the American sculptor Hiram Powers, painter Ruggero Michahelles, the Futurist designer and visionary Ernesto Michahelles (better known by his pseudonym "Thayaht"), as well as the portrait painter Assia Busiri-Vici. Trained as an agronomist, he left Italy to pursue architecture at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. His father, Dr. Marco Michahelles, was the leading wheat geneticist in Italy and other Countries.

He was in charge of the restoration of Les Invalides in Paris, as the assistant to the Chief Architect for Historic Monuments B. Monnet. For the Paris Municipality he was responsible for the landscaping of the Esplanade des Invalides as well as the Jardin de l'Intendant. For the Ministry of Veterans he renovated with F. Monnet the INI Hospital – Institution National des Invalides. For the Ministry of Finance, he won the competition for the "Hotel des Impots" of Martinique, with F. Monnet.

In 1983 Michele Michahelles joined MBA, Marcel Breuer Associates, as a partner. He was responsible, with his partner Mario Jossa, for the urban development project of IBM's Essonne site (90 Ha), for the IBM Advance Bipolar Line production centre in France, and for a number of office buildings in La Defense – Paris totalling 130,000 m2. He won the competition for the Indosuez Bank Headquarters in Paris, 65,000 sqm2, and the competition for the Office and Manufacturing Complex for Sumitomo Sitix in Mante-la-Jolie, France.

He created MBA Moscow, where with the Russian architect N. Belousov, he won the competition for the development of Moscow's Central District Yakimmnka. 75,000 sqm

Michele Michahelles was the founder of TDC, New York, Transportation Designers Corporation, a stock company devoted to proposing multimediality in mass transportation. He was granted a US Patent for the Intermodal Passenger Transportation System, where cars of innovative engineering can be integrated to intermodal trains and architectural spaces, producing important improvements in fuel consumption. safety and travel comfort.

Michele Michahelles works now in Italy, where he was involved in the touristic development project of the Filicudi Island, and is now active in projects of restoration of country estates and the development of tourist compounds.

Michahelles has led projects worldwide, in regions ranging from the Middle East to the Soviet Union. He has also lectured on architectural theory and practice, teaching at Parsons School of Design in Paris,

Panarea

Panarea (Italian pronunciation: [panaˈrɛːa]; Ancient Greek: Εὐώνυμος Euōnymos) is the second smallest (after Basiluzzo) of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic island chain north of Sicily, southern Italy. It is a frazione of the comune of Lipari. There are currently about 280 residents living on the island year-round; however the population increases dramatically in summer with the influx of tourists. In recent years, the island has become known internationally for its celebrity visitors.

Prehistoric Italy

The prehistory of Italy began in the Paleolithic period, when the Homo species colonized the Italian territory for the first time, and ended in the Iron Age, when the first written records appeared in the Insular Italy.

Salina, Sicily

Salina (Italian pronunciation: [saˈliːna]) is one of the Aeolian Islands north of Sicily, southern Italy. It is the second largest island in the archipelago.

Salina is divided between three comuni: Santa Marina on the eastern coast, Malfa to the north, and Leni to the south-west. From Leni down towards the sea is the village of Rinella. Above the village of Leni is Valdichiesa in the center of the island. The other smaller villages are Capo Faro, Pollara and Lingua.

There are currently approximately 4,000 residents living on the island.

San Fratello

San Fratello (Gallo-Italic: San Frareau, Sicilian: Santu Frateddu, Greek and Latin: Apollonia, Medieval Latin Castrum S. Philadelphi), formerly San Filadelfo, is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) east of Palermo and about 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Messina. San Fratello borders the following municipalities: Acquedolci, Alcara li Fusi, Caronia, Cesarò, Militello Rosmarino, Sant'Agata di Militello.

Its peak of population was in 1921, with 10,094. In the following decade, it lost nearly 20 percent of its population, as people migrated for work to cities and to other countries, especially the United States.

Siremar

Siremar (Sicilia Regionale Marittima) is an Italian shipping company, until 2011 a subdivision of state-owned Tirrenia di Navigazione and now privatized, which operates in routes from Sicily to Aeolian Islands, Aegadian Islands, Ustica, Pantelleria, Linosa and Lampedusa. It also connects Milazzo, Naples and the Eolie Islands.

Stromboli

Stromboli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈstromboli]; Sicilian: Struògnuli, Ancient Greek: Στρογγύλη, Strongúlē) is a small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the north coast of Sicily, containing one of the three active volcanoes in Italy. It is one of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily. This name is derived from the Ancient Greek name Strongúlē, which was derived from στρογγύλος (strongúlos, "round"), after the volcano's round, conical appearance when seen from a distance. The island's population is about 500. The volcano has erupted many times and is constantly active with minor eruptions, often visible from many points on the island and from the surrounding sea, giving rise to the island's nickname "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean".Stromboli's most recent major eruption was on April 13, 2009. Stromboli stands 926 m (3,038 ft) above sea level,

and over 2,700 m (8,860 ft) on average above the sea floor. There are three active craters at the peak. A significant geological feature of the volcano is the Sciara del Fuoco ("stream of fire"), a big horseshoe-shaped depression generated in the last 13,000 years by several collapses on the northwestern side of the cone. Approximately 2 km (1.2 mi) to the northeast lies Strombolicchio, the volcanic plug remnant of the original volcano.

Strombolicchio

Strombolicchio is a sea stack of volcanic origin 2 km (1.2 mi) to the northeast of the island of Stromboli in the Aeolian Islands of Italy.

Its name in the Sicilian language means Little Stromboli.

The island is a tourist attraction in Stromboli.

Vulcano

Vulcano (Sicilian: Vurcanu) or "Vulcan" is a small volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 25 km (16 mi) north of Sicily and located at the southernmost end of the eight Aeolian Islands. The island is 21 km2 (8 sq mi) in area, rises to 501 m (1,644 ft) above sea level, and it contains several volcanic caldera, including one of the four active volcanoes in Italy that are not submarine.

The word "volcano", and its equivalent in several European languages, derives from the name of this island, which in turn derives from Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.

Main islands
Islets and skerries

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