FieldTurf is a brand of artificial turf playing surface. It is manufactured and installed by FieldTurf Tarkett, a division of French company Tarkett Inc. FieldTurf is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and its primary manufacturing facility is located in Calhoun, Georgia, United States. With a design intended to more accurately replicate real grass, the new product gained rapid popularity in the late 1990s, and changed the industry.
The surface is composed of monofilament polyethylene blend fibers tufted into a polypropylene backing. The infill is composed of a bottom layer of silica sand, a middle layer which is a mixture of sand and cryogenic rubber, and a top layer of only rubber. The fibers are meant to replicate blades of grass, while the infill acts as a cushion. This cushion is intended to improve safety when compared to earlier artificial surfaces and allows players to plant and pivot as if they were playing on a grass field.
Each square foot of turf contains about 3 kg (7 lb) of sand and 1.5 kg (3 lb) of cryogenic rubber. FieldTurf does not use shock-absorbency pads below its infill. The backing of the turf is a combination of woven and nonwoven polypropylene. These materials are permeable and allow water to drain through the backing itself.
Jean Prévost bought the patent of the FieldTurf product in 1988 and originally named his Montreal-based company SynTenni Co., a name which would eventually be dropped in favor of FieldTurf Inc. In 1995, John Gilman, a former Canadian Football League player and coach, joined FieldTurf as CEO.
In 1997, FieldTurf made its first major installation for a professional team, at the training facility for the English Premiership's Middlesbrough F.C.. As of 2012, FieldTurf has installed over 7000 athletic fields.
In 2005, French flooring manufacturer and minority shareholder Tarkett increased its share in FieldTurf, which led to the integration of the two companies. FieldTurf is now a part of the Tarkett Sports division, part of the holding company Tarkett SA.
In May 2010, FieldTurf acquired the American company EasyTurf of San Diego, California, as a way to gain entry into the rapidly growing residential and commercial synthetic grass markets in the United States.
Some evidence shows higher player injury on artificial turf. In a study performed by the National Football League Injury and Safety Panel, published in the October 2012 issue of the American Journal of Sports Medicine, Elliott B. Hershman et al. reviewed injury data from NFL games played between 2000 and 2009. "...the injury rate of knee sprains as a whole was 22% higher on FieldTurf than on natural grass. While MCL sprains did not occur at a rate significantly higher than on grass, rates of ACL sprains were 67% higher on FieldTurf." 
Studies of the safety of FieldTurf are conflicting . A five-year study funded by FieldTurf and published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine found that injury rates for high-school sports were similar on natural grass and synthetic turf. However, notable differences in the types of injuries were found. Athletes playing on synthetic turf sustained more skin injuries and muscle strains, while those who played on natural grass were more susceptible to concussions and ligament tears. In 2010, another FieldTurf-funded but peer-reviewed study was published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine, this time on NCAA Division 1-A football, concluding that in many cases, games played on FieldTurf-branded products led to fewer injuries than those played on natural grass. However, the NFL’s Injury and Safety Panel presented a study finding that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries happened 88% more often in games played on FieldTurf than in games played on grass. In 2012, the NFL Injury and Safety Panel published an independently funded analysis of actual game data over the 2000–2009 seasons. Their statistically significant findings showed a 67% higher rate of ACL sprains and 31% higher rate of eversion ankle sprains.
The first installation of FieldTurf in the United States took place at Dick Bivins Stadium in Amarillo, Texas in 1998. The first major college football installation was at University of Nebraska's Memorial Stadium in 1999. The following year, it was installed at the two Pac-10 stadiums in Washington, Martin Stadium in Pullman and Husky Stadium in Seattle. The first installation in an NFL stadium was in 2002 at the Seattle Seahawks' new stadium, now known as CenturyLink Field. Originally planned as a natural grass field, the Seahawks decided to install FieldTurf after they had played the two previous seasons in Husky Stadium on FieldTurf.
FieldTurf's first high-profile installation came in January 1997 as English club Middlesbrough chose FieldTurf for its new training field. Only artificial fields with FIFA-recommended 2-star status can be used in FIFA and UEFA Finals competitions. Other FIFA and UEFA competitions require at least 1-star status.
In 2001, Boston University's FieldTurf soccer field became FieldTurf's first to obtain FIFA 1-star status. In 2005, Saprissa Stadium in San José, Costa Rica became the first stadium to host a FIFA World Cup qualifying match on FieldTurf. The Dundalk F.C. Stadium, Oriel Park, received FieldTurf's first FIFA 2-star rating. FieldTurf currently has 29 FIFA-recommended 1-Star installations and 31 FIFA Recommended 2-Star installations. In 2007, the FIFA U-20 World Cup Canada had almost 50% of its games played on FieldTurf.
The use of FieldTurf in Major League Soccer (MLS) has received criticism.
The installation of the surface at CenturyLink Field in Seattle was approved only after the operator of the then-new stadium agreed to install a natural grass field when needed. Their concern derived from the surface potentially hindering the city's ability to attract an MLS franchise and international soccer events.
In September 2006, several top Canadian soccer players appealed to the Canadian Soccer Association to install a natural grass surface at BMO Field in Toronto. The club removed the FieldTurf playing surface and switched to a traditional grass surface starting in 2010.
Following David Beckham's move to Major League Soccer in 2007, he voiced his opinion that the league should convert to grass for all pitches. In an apology, he stated that the surface is fine at lower levels, but that his feelings had not changed about the MLS use because of the toll the harder surface takes on the body. Thierry Henry never played at Seattle's CenturyLink Field during his time in MLS due to the surface.
Andy Kerr Stadium is a 10,221-seat multi-purpose stadium in Hamilton, New York, United States. It was dedicated in honor of former Colgate football coach Andy Kerr in September 1966. There have been several upgrades to the facility in recent years. In 1991, the stadium added the permanent Fred Dunlap Stands on the east side of the stadium. Dunlap is a former Colgate football head coach and athletic director. In 2003, a new three story press box was constructed behind the west stands of the stadium. In 2006, the stadium added a new scoreboard with video capability. In 2007, Colgate replaced the natural grass surface with the synthetic playing surface FieldTurf.
It is home to the Colgate University Raiders football and men's lacrosse teams.Bailey–Brayton Field
Bailey–Brayton Field is a college baseball stadium in the northwest United States, on the campus of Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. It is the home field of the Washington State Cougars of the Pac-12 Conference, and is located on the east side of the WSU campus, just southeast of Beasley Coliseum. The approximate elevation of the north-aligned diamond is 2,550 feet (775 m) above sea level and its seating capacity is 3,500.
It opened for baseball 39 years ago in 1980 on April 12 as new Buck Bailey Field, in honor of WSU's head coach for 32 seasons (1927–1961, except during World War II); the name was carried over from the previous venue, named for him in 1950. Born and raised in central Texas, Bailey retired after the 1961 season at age 65. Three years later, he and his wife Frances were killed in an automobile collision in New Mexico in October 1964.
Lights were added in 1984, as it became the first NCAA ballpark in the Northwest to install them. The field was renamed in January 2000 to also honor longtime Cougar baseball head coach Chuck "Bobo" Brayton, who led the Cougars from 1962 to 1994, and continuously improved the venue.
In the fall of 2003, the natural grass surface was removed and replaced with FieldTurf, and WSU became the first Division I program to install FieldTurf in its home ballpark. The only portion of the field that remained dirt was the pitcher's mound and home plate area. The basepaths and the "skin" portion of the infield are FieldTurf, colored reddish brown, while the outfield is green FieldTurf. The home plate area was converted to FieldTurf in 2007, leaving only the pitcher's mound with dirt. In fall 2013, the dirt pitcher's mound was replaced with a FieldTurf mound and the infield FieldTurf was replaced.
The previous WSU baseball field, also named for Bailey, was located at the site of the Mooberry Track, the current venue for track & field. Home plate was in the northwest corner at approximately (46.734°N 117.16065°W / 46.734; -117.16065), and the field was oriented southeast. When Martin Stadium was renovated following the 1978 football season, its running track was removed to add seating nearer the lowered playing field. The new track was originally planned for the site of the present-day baseball stadium, but inadequate settling of the excavated dirt from Martin Stadium caused a change in plans. The new track was built over the more stable ground of the old Bailey baseball field, north of Martin Stadium, and baseball was relocated to the former proposed track site.
When Sick's Stadium in Seattle was demolished in 1979, its bleachers, fencing, and foul poles were moved to Pullman to construct the new Buck Bailey Field. The bleachers didn't fit and were later sold. Most of the other items from Sick's were bought for $60,000 in 1978 by Harry Ornest, the owner of the new Vancouver Canadians for use at Nat Bailey Stadium in Vancouver, British Columbia.Beaver Field at Jim and Bettie Smith Stadium
Beaver Field at Jim and Bettie Smith Stadium is a baseball stadium in Boone, North Carolina, that is home to the Appalachian State baseball program. Prior to using Beaver Field, the Mountaineers used Lackey Field. The stadium was dedicated on April 10, 2007 with the Mountaineers claiming a 6–1 victory over Gardner-Webb. Appalachian selected FieldTurf as the playing surface for the new stadium, joining a select group of NCAA Division I and MLB programs to use the mix of silica sand and cryogenic rubber to emulate natural grass.Bobcat Stadium (Montana State University)
Bobcat Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in the western United States, located on the campus of Montana State University in Bozeman, Montana. It is the home of the Montana State Bobcats college football team, a dominant program of the Big Sky Conference. At the south end of campus, the stadium has a seating capacity of 17,777 and a NW-SE configuration, with the press box along the southwest sideline. Originally natural grass, the playing field was switched to FieldTurf in 2008 and is at an elevation of 4,940 feet (1,510 m) above sea level.Bulldog Stadium
Bulldog Stadium at Jim Sweeney Field is an outdoor football stadium in the western United States, located on the campus of California State University, Fresno in Fresno, California. It is the home field of the Fresno State Bulldogs of the Mountain West Conference.Cohasset High School
Cohasset High School is a public high school located in Cohasset, Massachusetts, United States. It is located at 143 Pond St. and has an enrollment of 364 students in grades 9-12. A majority of the school's team's are named the "Skippers" and the school colors are navy blue, silver, and white. Cohasset Middle School is attached to Cohasset High School and is under its own administration and serves grades 6-8.
Cohasset High School is ranked 13th among public high schools in Massachusetts, according to a 2010 Massachusetts Department of Education survey. Around 59% of all students at Cohasset have taken or are enrolled in an Advanced Placement course.
Cohasset is known for its athletic program and also for its football, basketball, soccer, baseball, debate, cross country, and lacrosse teams, which have all won league and state titles. Home games in the fall and spring are played at Alumni Field. Cohasset was the first school in the South Shore League to install an artificial FieldTurf surface at their primary athletic field. Since then, East Bridgewater, Randolph, Monomoy, and Norwell have installed FieldTurf surfaces as well. Cohasset's current basketball teams for both the boys and girls programs are led by Massachusetts and New England Basketball Hall of Fame inductees Bo Ruggiero and John Levange respectively, both of whom have over 500 career victories as head coaches. The Skippers have found recent success since 2010, reaching the state finals in baseball, lacrosse, football, boys and girls basketball, and soccer. Cohasset annually graduates athletes whom go on to play D1, D2, and D3 sports at the NCAA level, primarily in lacrosse, baseball, basketball, and soccer.
Cohasset's major sports rivalries are Hull and Abington in most sports, except its hockey team (whose major rival is Norwell), the soccer team (in which it is recently Archbishop Williams and Norwell) and wrestling (in which it is Rockland and Scituate). Every year on Thanksgiving, Cohasset and Hull face off in an annual football game. Cohasset holds the Thanksgiving Day title.Fisher Stadium
Fisher Stadium is a 13,132-seat multi-purpose stadium in Easton, Pennsylvania, United States, and is home to the Lafayette College Leopards football team. It opened in 1926 as Fisher Field.
During 2006 and 2007 Fisher Field underwent a $33-million renovation. It reopened in time for the 2006 college football season complete with new seating, a JumboTron, a new press box, FieldTurf, and field lighting. Construction of a Football Varsity House beyond the western endzone commenced in Fall 2006 and was completed before the 2007 season.JPS Field at Malone Stadium
JPS Field at Malone Stadium is a stadium in Monroe, Louisiana, United States, on the campus of the University of Louisiana at Monroe. It is primarily used for football and is the home field of the ULM Warhawks. The stadium, named for former coach James L. Malone, opened in 1978 and has a seating capacity of 27,617 people. The field is named JPS Field, for a local company, JPS Aviation/JPS Equipment Rental. The field was named after the company after they agreed to fund installation of a new FieldTurf playing surface in 2014.King George V Park
King George V Park is a soccer-specific stadium in St. John's, Newfoundland, located at the head of Quidi Vidi Lake in downtown St. John's. The stadium was built in 1925 as the National stadium of Newfoundland. The stadium played host to the 1987 FIFA U-16 World Championship. It is the oldest surviving soccer specific stadium in North America.
In 2005 construction began on a major renovation involving widening and lengthening the field surface, installing an underground irrigation system, constructing new locker room facilities as well as expanding the bleacher seating. In 2006, the natural grass playing surface was replaced with a FieldTurf pitch and additional seating was added to bring the total capacity at King George V Park to 10,000.The most famous game played at King George V was on September 14, 1985 when over 13,000 people witnessed Canada's 2-1 victory over Honduras to win the 1985 CONCACAF Championship; the match also qualified Canada for their first World Cup (Mexico, 1986). It was a momentous occasion and is considered to be the high point of Canadian soccer history.In 2008, KGV played host to the Challenge Cup and the Jubilee Trophy.List of FieldTurf installations
In 1999 the University of Nebraska–Lincoln installed FieldTurf in Memorial Stadium. In 2006, Nebraska installed new FieldTurf that alternates between two shades of green every five yards. Texas Tech University installed FieldTurf in Jones AT&T Stadium.
Nevada installed FieldTurf at its Mackay Stadium in 2000. The playing surface had been natural grass for 34 seasons.
FieldTurf was installed at Qwest Field (originally Seahawks Stadium) in 2002. The original plans called for a natural grass field at the new stadium, but due to the favorable reactions from players while playing at Husky Stadium, the Seahawks had FieldTurf installed instead.On Tuesday, April 29, 2003, the Georgia World Congress Center Authority announced that it had selected FieldTurf as the new surface for the Georgia Dome, replacing the AstroTurf surface in use at the Dome since its inception in 1992.Washington State University installed FieldTurf at its Martin Stadium in 2000. The University of Oregon installed NexTurf in Autzen Stadium in 2001 but the surface did not perform as expected and during remodeling in 2002 it was removed and replaced with FieldTurf. The University of Utah installed FieldTurf in 2002 and replaced it in 2009. Colorado State installed FieldTurf at its Hughes Stadium in 2006. The playing surface had been natural grass for 38 seasons.
The New England Patriots installed FieldTurf midway into the 2006 NFL season. The installation was made during a week when the team was on the road.
In 2004, Rutgers Stadium in Piscataway, New Jersey installed FieldTurf where the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team plays. In 2007, the Saskatchewan Roughriders, a Canadian Football League (CFL) team, installed FieldTurf in Mosaic Stadium at Taylor Field. In April 2008, FieldTurf was installed at the new baseball stadium of Calvert Hall High School in Towson, Maryland, designed by Baltimore Orioles baseball great Cal Ripken.List of Major League Soccer stadiums
Major League Soccer (MLS) is the premier professional soccer league in the United States and Canada. The league has 24 teams in 24 stadiums as of the 2019 season: 21 in the United States and 3 in Canada. At the time of the league's inauguration in 1996, MLS teams used multi-purpose stadiums, often shared with National Football League (NFL) or college football teams. Because of lower attendance, these stadiums had parts tarped off to artificially reduce capacity. Starting in 1999 with the Columbus Crew's construction of Mapfre Stadium, the league has constructed soccer-specific stadiums which are tailor-made for soccer and which have smaller capacity. Today, the majority of MLS stadiums are soccer-specific stadiums.List of NCAA Division I FBS football stadiums
This is a list of stadiums that currently serve as the home venue for Football Bowl Subdivision college football teams. These include most of the largest stadiums in the United States.
Conference affiliations reflect those in the 2018 season.List of current National Football League stadiums
This article is a list of current National Football League stadiums, sorted by capacity, their locations, their first year of usage and home teams. Though there are 32 teams in the National Football League (NFL), there are only 31 full-time NFL stadiums because the New York Giants and New York Jets share MetLife Stadium. This number is scheduled to decrease to 30 when the Los Angeles Rams and the Los Angeles Chargers will begin to share the Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in 2020.
The newest NFL stadium is Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, home of the Atlanta Falcons, which opened for the 2017 season. Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, home of the Los Angeles Rams, is the oldest, having opened in 1923.
The NFL uses several other stadiums on a regular basis in addition to the teams' designated regular home sites. In England, Wembley Stadium in London is contracted to host at least two games per season, as part of the NFL International Series which runs through 2020, and Twickenham Stadium, also in London, is scheduled to host at least one game. Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, Mexico, will also host a NFL International Series game in 2018. In addition, Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium in Canton, Ohio, is the location of the annual exhibition Pro Football Hall of Fame Game. Since 2016, Camping World Stadium in Orlando, Florida has hosted the Pro Bowl.
The majority of current NFL stadiums have sold naming rights to corporations. As of the 2018 season, Arrowhead Stadium, Lambeau Field, Paul Brown Stadium, and Soldier Field have never sold naming rights, while Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum and Broncos Stadium at Mile High have previously sold naming rights. The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum – a temporary NFL venue – has sold their naming rights in a deal that will officially change the stadium's name in August 2019.List of soccer stadiums in the United States
The following is a partial list of soccer stadiums in the United States. It includes all stadiums in the top three levels of American soccer and some lower league and collegiate stadiums in the United States.
Some of these venues are soccer-specific stadiums. Other venues are multipurpose stadiums, American football stadiums, or baseball stadiums that also host soccer games.MSU Soccer Park at Pittser Field
MSU Soccer Park at Pittser Field is a soccer-specific stadium on the campus of Montclair State University in Montclair, New Jersey. Built on the site of a former baseball field, MSU Soccer Park opened in 1998 as the home of the Montclair State Red Hawks men's and women's soccer teams.From 2007 to 2013, Montclair State was the training site for the Major League Soccer club New York Red Bulls while their Red Bull Training Facility was constructed in nearby Hanover Township, New Jersey. The Red Bulls helped finance the construction of a new field house, as well as the installation of a FIFA approved FieldTurf surface at MSU Soccer Park. Lights were installed in 2012 allowing for night matches to be played.In 2016 it was announced that the Red Bulls' United Soccer League affiliate club, New York Red Bulls II, would move into MSU Soccer Park in 2017. To accommodate the Red Bulls II, MSU Soccer Park underwent significant renovations to keep the facility in line with stadium standards set by the United States Soccer Federation for lower division professional soccer clubs. MSU Soccer Park's capacity was expanded to 3,000 seats for the 2017 season and will expand to 5,000 seats over the course of five years. Further renovations include the construction of new locker rooms.
In December 2016, Major League Soccer Commissioner Don Garber, a Montclair resident, became the first season ticketholder for Red Bulls II at MSU Soccer Park. At this event, it was also announced that MSU Soccer Park would host select matches for New York Red Bulls U-23, the MLS franchise's affiliate club in USL League Two.
In January 2018, the Red Bulls announced the expansion of MSU Soccer Park by 1,500 seats bringing the total capacity to 5,000 seats. In addition to the expanded seating capacity, the club built new locker rooms adjacent to the playing field and upgraded the FieldTurf playing surface. The renovations were made ahead of and during the 2018 USL season, forcing the Red Bulls II to play their first six home matches at Red Bull Arena.Notre Dame Stadium
Notre Dame Stadium is an outdoor football stadium in Notre Dame, Indiana, the home field of the University of Notre Dame Fighting Irish. Located on the university's campus, it also hosts commencement.
Opened 88 years ago in 1930, the stadium seating capacity was nearly 60,000 for decades. More than 21,000 seats were added for the 1997 season, which increased the capacity to over 80,000. After the Campus Crossroads renovation, the seat number decreased to 77,622. The playing surface was changed to FieldTurf in 2014, after 84 seasons on natural grass.
The playing field has a conventional north-south alignment at an approximate elevation of 730 feet (225 m) above sea level.Ray Nitschke Field
Ray Nitschke Field is one of the two outdoor practice facilities of the Green Bay Packers (the other is Clarke Hinkle Field). These fields, together with the Don Hutson Center, comprise the team's training complex.
The field is named for Ray Nitschke, who played for the Packers from 1958 to 1972 and whose number 66 was retired by the team. Nitschke is a member of both the Pro Football and Packers Hall of Fames.
On June 18, 2003, the Brown County Board voted 23–0 to approve a new lease for Ray Nitschke Field which gave the Packers the use of the site through 2020. The lease began in 2004 and started at $125,000 with an increase of $5,000 in each succeeding year. The Packers had been leasing the field from the County since 1997 for $15,000 a year. This field had an artificial FieldTurf surface, installed in 2004 (Clarke Hinkle Field has a natural grass surface).
The Packers have since signed a 15-year lease with Brown County to move the field closer to the Don Hutson Center, with their paying $200,000 to the county this year and increasing $6,500 each subsequent year. The new location is in a former parking lot for the Resch Center and as part of the deal the Packers had to build a 205-space parking lot at the former site of Nitschke Field.
On August 1, 2009, the Packers unveiled major renovations to the practice facility, including bleacher seating for 1500 fans, a sound system for announcements and music as well as natural grass field with underground heating. The heating system will enable the team to host outdoor practices in the winter, something they have been unable to do in the past. The exterior facade uses the same brick style as Lambeau Field and the 170 × 75-yard field is considered a state-of-the-art practice field unlike anything else in the National Football League.Reser Stadium
Reser Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in the northwest United States, on the campus of Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon. It is the home of the Oregon State Beavers of the Pac-12 Conference, and opened 66 years ago in 1953 as Parker Stadium. It was renamed in 1999, and its current seating capacity is 43,363. The FieldTurf playing field runs northwest to southeast, at an approximate elevation of 240 feet (73 m) above sea level, with the press box above the grandstand on the southwest sideline.Rynearson Stadium
Rynearson Stadium is a stadium in Ypsilanti, Michigan. It is primarily used for American football, and is the home field of the Eastern Michigan University Eagles. Currently, the stadium has seating for 30,200 people. Standing room is available in the south end zone, allowing for crowds larger than the listed capacity. The stadium is located on the school's west campus, just south of the Huron River.