Fictional currency

A fictional currency is some form of currency defined, or alluded to, in works of fiction. The names of units of such currency are sometimes based on extant or historic currencies (e.g. "Altairian dollars" or "Earth yen") while other names, such as "Kalganids" in Asimov's Foundation series, may be wholly invented. A particularly common type, especially in science fiction, is electronically managed "credits".[1][2] In some works of fiction, exchange media other than money are used. These are not currency as such, but rather nonstandard media of exchange used to avoid the difficulties of ensuring "double coincidence of wants" in a barter system.

Concept and creation

Authors have to take care when naming fictional currencies because of the associations between currency names and countries; recognizable names for currencies of the future (e.g. dollar or yen) may be used to imply how history has progressed, but would appear out of place in an entirely alien civilization. Historical fiction may need research. Writers need not explain the exact value of their fictional currencies or provide an exchange rate to modern money; they may rely on the intuitive grasp of their readers, for instance that one currency unit is probably of little value, but that millions of units will be worth a lot.[3]

Currencies in science fiction face particular problems due to futuristic technology allowing matter replication and hence forgery. Authors have proposed currencies that are incapable of replication such as the non-replicable "latinum" used by the Ferengi in the Star Trek universe, or the currency in Pandora's Millions by George O. Smith, which is booby-trapped to explode if scanned by a replicating machine.[4] Money in fantasy fiction faces analogous challenges from the use of magic; in the Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling, magically-created currency is time-limited, while in Ursula K. Le Guin's fictional realm of Earthsea, the world's equilibrium is unbalanced when something is created from nothing.[4]

In the Demon Princes pentalogy by Jack Vance the currency "SVU" or Standard Value Unit was described as being employed on most major settled worlds and as having a value equivalent to one hour of unskilled labor in standardized conditions. Its printed notes were verifiable by scanning with a device called a "fake meter", the function of which comprised a critical theme of the second book in the series, The Killing Machine. The protagonist undermines the system and prints 10 billion SVU undetectable by the fake meter, thus setting the stage for three books to follow.

The long-term value of currency is an issue in works featuring journeys through time or the lapse of very long periods (for instance due to the deep sleep or cryopreservation of the protagonists). In some cases, compound interest may swell small amounts into a fortune, as happens in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, When the Sleeper Wakes by H. G. Wells, and the Futurama episode "A Fishful of Dollars".[1][5] In other stories, inflation reduces the value of money, as in The Age of the Pussyfoot by Frederik Pohl.[1] Other plot factors can affect the worth of currency: for instance, in The Moon Metal by Garrett P. Serviss the world's currency standard must be switched from gold to a mysterious new chemical, "artemisium",[6] after the discovery of vast mineral deposits in the Antarctic devalues all known precious metals.[7]

While modern fiat currencies lack intrinsic worth, some fictional currencies are designed to be valuable in their own right. Intrinsically valuable currencies are used in the Frank Herbert's Dune universe; the Dragonlance world of Krynn where steel coins are the primary currency and are more valuable than gold by weight;[8][9] and the Apprentice Adept series by Piers Anthony. The space opera Consider Phlebas by Iain M. Banks features coins convertible for chemical elements, land, or computers.[1] In utopian fiction, a money-free economy may still need a unit of exchange: in The Great Explosion by Eric Frank Russell, the Gands use favor-exchange based on "obs" (obligations).[10]

Trends in the use of fictional currencies

The use of "credits" is particularly common in futuristic settings, so much so that Sam Humphries has pointed it out as a cliché: "In any science-fiction movie, anywhere in the galaxy, currency is referred to as 'credits.'"[2] Credits are frequently envisioned as a form of electronic money.[1]

In science fiction set in the near future, modern currency names are often used. The selection of familiar currencies such as the dollar or yen, particularly in the far future, may be used to make suggestions about the way history unfolded; however, it would seem strange for aliens to use a recognizable currency.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Gliddon, Gerald (2005). The Greenwood encyclopedia of science fiction and fantasy, Volume 2. Greenwood. p. 532. ISBN 0-313-32950-8.
  2. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (1999). Ebert's bigger little movie glossary. Andrews McMeel. p. 172. ISBN 0-8362-8289-2.
  3. ^ a b Athans, Philip; Salvatore, R. A. (2010). The Guide to Writing Fantasy and Science Fiction. Adams Media. p. 113. ISBN 1-4405-0145-9.
  4. ^ a b Gliddon, Gerald (2005). The Greenwood encyclopedia of science fiction and fantasy, Volume 2. Greenwood. p. 531. ISBN 0-313-32950-8.
  5. ^ Iverson, Dan (12 June 2009). "Top 25 Futurama Episodes". IGN. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  6. ^ Stableford, Brian (2004). Historical dictionary of science fiction literature. Scarecrow Press. p. 310. ISBN 0-8108-4938-0.
  7. ^ Serviss, Garrett P. (1900). "The Moon Metal". Gutenberg Press. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
  8. ^ Weiss, Margaret; Hickman, Tracy (2000). Dragons of Autumn Twilight. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1574-9.
  9. ^ Hickman, Tracy. Dragons of Despair. Module DL1. Renton, WA: Wizards of the Coast. p. 29.
  10. ^ James, Edward (2003). "Utopias and anti-utopias". In James, Edward; Mendlesohn, Farah. The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction. Cambridge University Press. p. 223. ISBN 0-521-01657-6.
29 (number)

29 (twenty-nine) is the natural number following 28 and preceding 30.

Animal Crossing

Animal Crossing is a social simulation video game series developed and published by Nintendo and was created by Katsuya Eguchi. In Animal Crossing, the player character is a human who lives in a village inhabited by anthropomorphic animals, carrying out various activities including fishing, bug catching, fossil hunting, etc. The series is notable for its open-ended gameplay and extensive use of the video game consoles' internal clock and calendar to simulate real passage of time.

Four Animal Crossing games have been released worldwide, one each for the Nintendo 64 (enhanced and reissued for the GameCube), Nintendo DS, Wii, and the Nintendo 3DS. A fifth game, for the Nintendo Switch, is scheduled for a 2019 release. The series has been both critically and commercially successful and has sold over 30 million units worldwide. Three spin-off games have also been released: Animal Crossing: Happy Home Designer for Nintendo 3DS, Animal Crossing: Amiibo Festival for Wii U, and Animal Crossing: Pocket Camp for mobile devices.

Cubit (disambiguation)

Cubit is an ancient unit based on the forearm length from the middle finger tip to the elbow bottom.

Cubit may also refer to:

CUBIT, a multi-touch interface

Cubit bone or ulna, a bone in the arm

Cubit (currency), a fictional currency from the 1978 and 2004 TV series Battlestar Galactica

Cubit, an item in the Mixels cartoon TV series

Cubits.com, a London-based Bitcoin exchange

Galleon (disambiguation)

A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used as armed cargo carriers primarily by European states during the age of sail.

Galleon may also refer to:

Galleon (video game), a 2004 action-adventure game

Galleon (band), a French dance music band

Galleon (album)

Manila galleons, the 17th to 19th century trade route between Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in present-day Mexico

Galleon Group, a hedge fund

Gloomy Galleon, the fourth level in Donkey Kong 64

The galleon, a fictional currency unit and gold coin in the Harry Potter novels, see Fictional universe of Harry Potter#Economy

Khor (disambiguation)

Al Khor is a town in Qatar.

Al-Khor Sports Club is a football club in Qatar.

Khor is an ancient region in Syria.

Khor River is a river in Russia.

Khor, Khabarovsk Krai is an urban-type settlement in Russia.

Khor is the fictional currency of Syldavia.

Knut

Knut (Norwegian and Swedish), Knud (Danish), or Knútur (Icelandic) is a Scandinavian, German, and Dutch first name, of which the anglicised form is Cnut or Canute. In Germany both "Knut" and "Knud" are used. In Spanish and Portuguese Canuto is used which comes from the Latin version Canutus. The name is derived from the Old Norse Knútr meaning "knot".

It is the name of several medieval kings of Denmark, two of whom also reigned over England during the first half of the 11th century.

Kopin

Kopin may refer to:

Kopin Corporation, United States electronics manufacturer

Kopin, Myaung, village in Myaung Township, Sagaing District, Sagaing Division, Myanmar

Mascot of the Luminous Arc video game series

Fictional currency in the Groo the Wanderer American comic book seriesPeople with the surname Kopin or Kopins include:

Irwin Kopin (born 1929), American biochemist

Karen Kopins (born 1961), American actress

Roman Kopin (born 1974), governor of Chukotka, Russia

Meseta

Meseta (Spanish for "plateau") may refer to:

Mesa, a geological plateau

Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau"), the high plains of central Spain

La Meseta Formation, a geological formation and major fossil site in Antarctica

Meseta (volcano), a partially collapsed volcanic vent of Volcán de Fuego in Guatemala

Meseta Mountains, an alternate name for the Atlas Mountains of North Africa

Meseta, a fictional currency of the Phantasy Star video game series

Quatloos.com

Quatloos.com is an anti-fraud website maintained by a non-profit corporation, Financial and Tax Fraud Education Associates, Inc. It evolved out of a basic educational website on the topic created in 1997 by Jay Adkisson, an attorney and stockbroker, who has testified as an expert witness before the US Senate Finance Committee.Forbes selected it as one of its "Best of The Web" sites in 2000. In 2003, it was featured in PC Magazine's "Site of the Week" series, and was included in their 2004 feature on the top 100 undiscovered web sites, where it was recommended as a good place to learn about scams and fraud. It is often cited as an authoritative source for scams in the financial media, and by government organisations, and has reportedly been frequented by employees of the US Justice and Treasury departments, as well as those of the US federal courts.

Rupee

The rupee is the common name for the currencies of India,

Pakistan, Indonesia, Mauritius, Nepal, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and formerly those of Afghanistan, Tibet, Burma and British East Africa, German East Africa and Trucial States and all Gulf Arab Countries as Gulf rupee.

In Indonesia and the Maldives the unit of currency is known as rupiah and rufiyaa respectively, which is a cognate of the Sanskrit rūpya. The Indian rupees (₹) and Pakistani rupees (₨) are subdivided into one hundred paise (singular paisa) or pice. The Mauritian, Seychellois and Sri Lankan rupees subdivide into 100 cents. The Nepalese rupee subdivides into one hundred paisas (both singular and double) or four Sukaas.

Sickle (disambiguation)

A sickle is an agricultural tool.

Sickle may also refer to:

Sickle Mountain, Antarctica

Sickle Ridge, Antarctica

Sickle Nunatak, Antarctica

The Sickle, a name for part of Leo (constellation)

Sickle (horse), an English thoroughbred

HMS Sickle, a Second World War Royal Navy submarine

SS-25 Sickle, NATO reporting name for the RT-2PM Topol mobile intercontinental ballistic missile

The sickle, a fictional currency unit and silver coin in the Harry Potter novels, see Fictional universe of Harry Potter#Economy

Won sign

The won sign (₩) is a currency symbol that represents:

South Korean won

North Korean won

(Unofficially) old Korean wonAnd in fiction:

Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop and Space Dandy

Kinzcash, a fictional form of currency in the online game Webkinz

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