Fiat Automobiles

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (UK: /ˈfiːət, -æt/, US: /-ɑːt/; originally FIAT, Italian: Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, lit. 'Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin') is an Italian automobile manufacturer, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business,[2] and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.

Fiat Automobiles is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy. During its more than century-long history, it remained the largest automobile manufacturer in Europe and the third in the world after General Motors and Ford for over twenty years, until the car industry crisis in the late 1980s.[3] In 2013, Fiat S.p.A. was the second largest European automaker by volumes produced and the seventh in the world, while currently FCA is the world's eighth largest auto maker.

In 1970, Fiat Automobiles employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country.[4] As of 2002, it built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue.[4] Fiat has also manufactured railway engines, military vehicles, farm tractors, aircraft, and weapons such as the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914.

Fiat-brand cars are built in several locations around the world. Outside Italy, the largest country of production is Brazil, where the Fiat brand is the market leader.[5][6] The group also has factories in Argentina, Poland and Mexico (where Fiat-brand vehicles are manufactured at plants owned and operated by FCA US for export to the United States, Brazil, Italy and other markets) and a long history of licensing manufacture of its products in other countries.

Fiat Automobiles has received many international awards for its vehicles, including nine European Car of the Year awards, the most of any other manufacturer, and it ranked many times as the lowest level of CO
emissions by vehicles sold in Europe.[7]

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A.
Società per azioni
Founded11 July 1899 in Turin, Piedmont, Italy
FounderGiovanni Agnelli
Area served
Key people
John Elkann (President)
Olivier François (CEO)
ProductsAutomobiles, Electric vehicles
Production output
1,555,650 units (2010)[1]
OwnerFiat Chrysler Automobiles
ParentFCA Italy
Front of the Lingotto Building - Fiat- Torino, Italy. (11203847503)
Front of the Lingotto, headquarters of Fiat in Turin.


Left: The founders of Fiat: 1. Luigi Damevino, 2. Cesare Goria Gatti, 3. Roberto Biscaretti di Ruffia, 4. Carlo Racca, 5. Emanuele Cacherano di Bricherasio, 6. Michele Ceriana Mayneri, 7. Giovanni Agnelli, 8. Lodovico Scarfiotti, 9. Alfonso Ferrero.
Right: Fiat 4 HP, the first model of car produced by Fiat.

Delleani 01-2
Fiat4HP front1

On 11 July 1899, Giovanni Agnelli was part of the group of founding members of FIAT, Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino. The first Fiat plant opened in 1900[8] with 35 staff making 24 cars. Known from the beginning for the talent and creativity of its engineering staff, by 1903 Fiat made a small profit and produced 135 cars; this grew to 1,149 cars by 1906. The company then went public selling shares via the Milan stock exchange.

Agnelli led the company until his death in 1945, while Vittorio Valletta administered the firm's daily activities. Its first car, the 3 ½ CV (of which only 24 copies were built, all bodied by Alessio of Turin)[9]was based on a design purchased from Ceirano GB & C and had a 697 cc (42.5 cu in) boxer twin engine.[10] In 1903, Fiat produced its first truck.[11] In 1908, the first Fiat was exported to the US.[11] That same year, the first Fiat aircraft engine was produced. Also around the same time, Fiat taxis became popular in Europe.[12]

Poster FIAT by Giovanni Carpanetto
A 1899 FIAT advertisement

By 1910, Fiat was the largest automotive company in Italy. That same year, a new plant was built in Poughkeepsie, NY, by the newly founded American F.I.A.T. Automobile Company.[13][14] Owning a Fiat at that time was a sign of distinction. The cost of a Fiat in the US was initially $4,000[15] and rose up to $6,400 in 1918,[16] compared to $825 for a Ford Model T in 1908,[17] and $525 in 1918, respectively.[18] During World War I, Fiat had to devote all of its factories to supplying the Allies with aircraft, engines, machine guns, trucks, and ambulances. Upon the entry of the US into the war in 1917, the factory was shut down as US regulations became too burdensome. After the war, Fiat introduced its first tractor, the 702.[19] By the early 1920s, Fiat had a market share in Italy of 80%.[20]

In 1921, workers seized Fiat's plants and hoisted the red flag of communism over them. Agnelli responded by quitting the company. However, the Italian Socialist Party and its ally organization, the Italian General Confederation of Labour, in an effort to effect a compromise with the centrist parties ordered the occupation ended. In 1922, Fiat began to build the famous Lingotto car factory—then the largest in Europe—which opened in 1923. It was the first Fiat factory to use assembly lines; by 1925, Fiat controlled 87% of the Italian car market.[21] In 1928, with the 509, Fiat included insurance in the purchase price.[22]

Fiat made military machinery and vehicles during World War II for the Army and Regia Aeronautica and later for the Germans. Fiat made obsolete fighter aircraft like the biplane CR.42, which was one of the most common Italian aircraft, along with Savoia-Marchettis, as well as light tanks (obsolete compared to their German and Soviet counterparts) and armoured vehicles. The best Fiat aircraft was the G.55 fighter, which arrived too late and in too limited numbers. In 1945, the year Benito Mussolini was overthrown, the National Liberation Committee removed the Agnelli family from leadership roles in Fiat because of its ties to Mussolini's government. They were not returned until 1963, when Giovanni's grandson, Gianni, took over as general manager until 1966, as chairman until 1996.

In 1970, Fiat employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country.[4] As of 2002, Fiat built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue.[4]

Towards the end of 1976 it was announced that the Libyan government was to take a shareholding in the company in return for a capital injection Other aspects of the Libyan agreement included the construction of a truck and bus plant at Tripoli. Chairman Agnelli candidly described the deal as "a classic petro-money recycling operation which will strengthen the Italian reserves, provide Fiat with fresh capital and give the group greater tranquility in which to carry out its investment programmes".[23]

On 29 January 2014, it was announced that Fiat S.p.A. (the former owner of Fiat Group) was to be merged into a new Netherlands-based holding company Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV (FCA), took place before the end of 2014. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles became the new owner of Fiat Group.[24] On 1 August 2014, Fiat S.p.A. received necessary shareholder approval to proceed with the merger,[25] which became effective 12 October 2014.[26][27]


Fiat Dealers 2012
Global locations of Fiat Automobiles dealers, 2012


Fiat's main market is Europe, mainly focused in Italy. Historically successful in citycars and supermini sector, currently Fiat has a range of models focused on those two segments (in 2011, those accounted for the 84% of its sales). Fiat does not currently offer any large family car, nor an executive car - these market segments have, to some extent been covered by the Lancia and Alfa Romeo brands, which Fiat also owns.

Fiat's share of the European market shrank from 9.4 per cent in 2000 to 5.8 per cent in the summer of 2004. At this point Sergio Marchionne was appointed as Fiat's chief executive. By March 2009 their market share had expanded to 9.1 per cent.[28]

Fiat built their five-story Lingotto plant in 1915 through 1918, at the time it was Europe's largest car manufacturing plant.[29] Later the Mirafiori plant was built, also in Turin. To prepare for production of the all-new Fiat 128, Fiat opened their Rivalta plant in October 1968. Until the 128 entered production, the plant was used to build sports versions of the 850 and 124 as well as parts for the Fiat Dino.[30]

2008 Fiat Grande Punto Sport
Fiat Punto
2015 Fiat Panda Cross TwinAir 900cc Front
Fiat Panda Cross
2018 Fiat 500X City Cross Look 1.0 facelift
Fiat 500X

Fiat's 2018 range of passenger car engines comprised eleven units, eight petrols and three diesels.[31] Their current range of models is the following:

Fiat sales in 2011 were up to 676,704 (less 17.3% versus the previous year):[32]

Model 2011 sales
Fiat Punto 220,343
Fiat Panda 189,527
Fiat 500 156,301
Fiat Linea 35,499
Fiat Bravo 31,673
Fiat Sedici 14,777
Fiat Freemont 13,651
Fiat Albea 8,951
Fiat Idea 5,982

Light commercial vehicles are sold in Europe under the brand Fiat Professional.

Fiat was importing cars to the UK market by the outbreak of World War II in 1939 (with the two countries on opposite sides), but its market share increased rapidly during the 1970s, with the 127 supermini and 128 range of small family cars being the biggest sellers, selling largely on practicality and efficiency. Its market share increased further during the 1980s with the Fiat Uno (imported to the UK from June 1983) being the company's best seller in the UK, and its share fell sharply in the early 1990s before the arrival of the Punto in March 1994 rejuvenated the company's UK fortunes.

The second generation Punto was a strong seller in the UK after its October 1999 launch, but the new modern day Fiat 500 (launched there in January 2008) has accounted for most of the company's UK sales in more recent years. The original Fiat 500 had been one of the few direct competitors for the iconic Mini during its 1960s heyday.[33]

South America

2011 Fiat Uno 1.4 Attractive
Fiat Uno, specifically developed for Brazilian market

Fiat has invested for a long time in South America, mainly in Brazil (where has been the market leader for many years) and in Argentina. They built their first Brazilian car plant in the Greater Belo Horizonte city of Betim in 1973, after having begun by building tractors there.[34]

The Brazilian range is similar to European one, with the addition of a special family which derives from a common platform (called "Project 178"): Palio Weekend, Palio Adventure, Strada.

Recently a range of new models developed in Brazil has been launched: Uno, Palio, Grand Siena, Fiorino.

Other European models are currently imported to Brazil: Fiat 500.

Fiat sells in Brazil under the Fiat brand, European Fiat Professional light commercial vehicles as:

North America

Fiat 500 1.4 16V Rosso Corsa – Frontansicht, 7. Mai 2011, Düsseldorf
Fiat re-entered the North American market in 2011 with the new Fiat 500

Fiat has a long history in the United States. In 1908, the Fiat Automobile Co. was established in the country and a plant in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.,[35][36] began producing Fiats a year later, like the Fiat 60 HP and the Fiat 16-20 HP.[37] These luxury cars were produced long before Chrysler Corp. was formed in 1925 from older manufacturers that were acquired by Walter P. Chrysler, the founder.[38] The New Jersey factory was closed when the U.S. entered World War I in 1917.

Fiat returned to North America in the 1950s, selling the original 500, Fiat 600 Multipla, Fiat 1100, Fiat 1200, and the Fiat 1300.[39] Models produced in those years include the Fiat 124 Sport Spider and the Fiat X1/9.[40][41] Partly as a result, Fiat sales in the US fell from a high of 100,511 cars in 1975 to 14,113 in 1982.[40] In 1983, Fiat left the United States car market with a reputation for poor quality cars in North America, mostly rust and poor reliability.[42]

In January 2009, the Fiat Group acquired a 20% stake in US automaker Chrysler LLC.[43] The deal saw the return of the Fiat brand to North America after a 25-year absence. The first Fiat-branded model to appear was the internationally popular Fiat 500 city car. The Fiat 500 model is built at Chrysler's assembly plant in Toluca, Mexico, which currently makes also the Dodge Journey and Fiat Freemont crossovers.[44] Fiat is also selling their commercial vehicles Fiat Ducato and Fiat Doblò in North America, rebranded as Ram ProMaster and Ram ProMaster City respectively.


Fiat passenger cars began assembly in South Africa in 1950, and full production in their Rosslyn plant commenced in 1966.[45] Sales reached a peak market share of about five percent around 1970 but then dropped precipitously. A new 128-based half-ton pickup truck helped turn the situation around.[46] It also assembled in Egypt through El-Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company which assembled FIAT brands 125-127-128


Fiat's presence in Chinese market is limited compared to its European, Japanese, Korean and American rivals. At the beginning of 2012, Fiat was only importing Fiat Bravo and Fiat 500 model. However, in 2012 Fiat and GAC opened a joint venture plant to produce the first Fiat vehicle specifically developed for Chinese market ever: the Fiat Viaggio, a compact car derived by another model of Fiat SpA group, the Dodge Dart (in turn derived by another Fiat Group car, the Alfa Romeo Giulietta).

Fiat currently offers to Japanese consumers the 500 in both coupe and convertible bodystyles, and the Panda. Both vehicles are in compliance with Japanese Government dimension regulations affording the Japanese public to purchase a non-Japanese vehicle without having to pay an annual tax for driving a car that exceeds the regulations.

Fiat is also present in the Indian market since 1948. Current presence is in joint venture with Tata Motors, although current car sales (Fiat is currently offering the Fiat Punto and Fiat Linea) are niche market and limited (approx. 20k units in 2011).

Current production

Western countries markets

2012 Geneva Motor Show - Fiat 500L
Fiat 500L
2013 Fiat Freemont (JF) Lounge wagon (2015-06-08) 01
Fiat Freemont

The Fiat 500 (Italian: cinquecento, Italian pronunciation: [ˌtʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) is a car produced by the Fiat company of Italy between 1957 and 1975, with limited production of the Fiat 500 K estate continuing until 1977. The car was designed by Dante Giacosa. Redesigned in 2007, it is currently distributed worldwide.

The Fiat Panda is a city car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. Current version is the third one distributed as from 2012.

The Fiat 500L enlarges, as from September 2012, the Fiat 500 family with a Mini MPV which replace the Fiat Idea. The model is produced in the new Fiat plant in Serbia. The platform is the same of the Fiat Punto.[47]

Emerging markets (production in Europe)

Emerging markets (production in South America)

  • Fiat Argo (Project X6H)

Argo is the car that replaced Fiat Palio and Punto for the Brazilian Market produced in Betim - MG Brazil

  • Fiat Cronos (Project X6S)

The Cronos is going to be produced in Argentina in Cordoba and is going to be in the place of Siena and Grand Siena.

  • Fiat New pickup (Project X6P)

The new pickup will took place of Strada, but the project is on hold.

Palio Weekend
  • Fiat Palio

The Fiat Palio is a supermini designed by Fiat as a world car, aimed at developing countries. The Palio Weekend is a small family car station wagon; an extended version of the hatchback Palio.

  • Fiat Grand Siena
Fiat Grand Siena 1.6 E.Torq 16V Dualogic
Grand Siena

The Fiat Grand Siena is the four-door sedan version of the second generation of the Fiat Palio, a small family car especially designed for developing countries.

European Cars of the Year

The European Car of the Year award has been awarded twelve times to the Fiat Group over the last forty years, more than any other manufacturer. Nine of these awards were won by Fiat Automobiles models. Fiat models awarded the title:

CO2 emissions

Fiat Automobiles, one of Europe's 10 best-selling automotive brands, has for the second year running been confirmed as having the lowest average value for CO
emissions from vehicles sold in 2008: 133.7 g/km (137.3 g/km in 2007). This was corroborated by JATO, a provider of automotive data.[49]

Electric vehicles

Fiat started development of electric vehicles back in the mid 1970s, with the concept Fiat X1/23. More recently in 2008, Fiat showed the Phylla concept,[50] and the Fiat Bugster concept in Brazil.[51]

Fiat joined utility companies Cemig and Itaipu to develop new electric vehicles for Brazil, with production in 2009 of the Palio Weekend Electric.[52]

Fiat launched the electric 500e in California in 2013, but no sales were planned for Europe.[53] Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne claimed in 2014 that each one was sold at a loss of $14,000.[54]

Concept vehicles

  • 1951 Fiat Biposto (Abarth, Bertone)
  • 1954 Fiat Turbina[55]
  • 1956 Fiat 600 Multipla Eden Roc
  • 1957 Fiat 1200 Stanguellini Spider
  • 1961 Fiat 600 Model Y Berlinetta
  • 1964 Fiat 2300 S Coupe Speciale
  • 1967 Fiat 125 Executive Concept
  • 1967 Fiat 125 GTZ
  • 1967 Fiat Dino Parigi
  • 1968 Fiat Abarth 2000[56]
  • 1969 Fiat 128 Coupe
  • 1969 Fiat 128 Teenager
  • 1972 Fiat 128 Pulsar Michelotti
  • 1972 Fiat ESV 1500
  • 1972 Fiat X1/23
  • 1974 Fiat 127 Village
  • 1975 Fiat Abarth 131
  • 1976 Fiat 126 Cavaletta
  • 1980 Fiat Panda 4×4 Strip (153)
  • 1992 Fiat Grigua (170)
  • 1992 Fiat Cinquecento Cita (170)
  • 1993 Fiat Downtown
  • 1993 Fiat Lucciola Concept (170)
  • 1993 Fiat ZIC
  • 1994 Fiat Punto Racer (176)
  • 1994 Fiat Firepoin[57]
  • 1996 Fiat Bravo Enduro Concept (182)
  • 1996 Fiat Formula 4
  • 1996 Fiat Vuscia Concept
  • 1996 Fiat Barchetta Coupe Concept by Maggiora
  • 2004 Fiat Trepiùno
  • 2005 Fiat Oltre
  • 2006 Fiat FCC
  • 2006 Fiat Suagna Bertone
  • 2007 Fiat Barchetta Bertone
  • 2008 Fiat Phylla
  • 2010 Fiat FCC 3 Mio
  • 2012 Fiat FCC 2
  • 2014 Fiat FCC 4


In 1971 the Fiat 124 Sport Spider was prepared for the World Rally Championship when Abarth became involved with its production and development and from 1972 had relative success with two wins in 1972, one in 1973 and won 1st, 2nd and 3rd in the 1974 Portuguese TAP Rally.[58]

The Fiat 131 Abarth was a very successful rally car replacing the 124. Between 1976 and 1981 the Fiat 131 won 18 World Rally Championship events,[59] resulting in winning the WRC Drivers Championship two times: in 1978, and in 1980, and winning the WRC Constructors Championship three times: in 1977, 1978, and in 1980.[60]

Lancia took over the role of motorsport for the Fiat Group during the 1980s. After a long break of factory-supported entries, in 2003 a Fiat Punto S1600 won the Italian Rally Championship, and 2006 the Fiat Grande Punto S2000 won the FIA European Rally Championship,[61] followed by three successive wins in 2009, 2010 and 2011.


Fiat logo 1968
Fiat logo used from 1968 to 1999

The FIAT initials were first used in the distinctive logo form 1901.[62] Beginning in 1931, the company began using a single red shield without a wreath. In 1968 the "rhomboid" logo (as it was known internally) was introduced which featured the FIAT initials spelled out on four interconnected rhombuses. The rhomboid was slowly phased in during the early 1970s, although the older "laurel wreath" style FIAT badge was used to denote sporting models such as the 124 Spider, 127 Sport, X1/9 and the tuned Abarth models. A new corporate nose based on the rhomboid logo was first introduced in 1983 on the Uno, which consisted of five chrome bars inclined at an angle of 18 degrees to mirror the rhomboid, which usually appeared in reduced size at the corner of the grille.

In 1999 the wreath style logo was re-introduced to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the company.

Motor Village and flagship stores

Fiat launched its Motor Village flagship store concept in 2006, with its Mirafiori Motor Village in Turin, followed by London's on Wigmore Street in 2008[63] and Paris's on the Champs-Élysées in 2010.[64]

BSM-Fiat deal

In 2009, BSM (the British School of Motoring) ended a 16-year relationship with Vauxhall Motors and signed a deal with Fiat UK to swap its learner vehicle from the Vauxhall Corsa to the new Fiat 500. Fiat UK will supply 14,000 cars to BSM over four years in a marketing deal.[65]


  1. ^ "WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION" (PDF). 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  2. ^ Hussain, Aijaz (23 January 2007). "Fiat SpA reorganizes auto business, changes name to Fiat Group Automobiles". AP Worldstream. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  3. ^ Castronovo, Valerio (2008). Il Piemonte nel processo di integrazione europea. Milan: Giuffrè Editore. p. 214. ISBN 88-14-14385-4.
  4. ^ a b c d Tommaso Ebhardt and David Rocks (30 January 2014). "Maserati Boom Signals Fiat 'Arrivederci' to Italian Past". Bloomberg.
  5. ^ "Fiat n.1 in Brasile (a maggio)" (in Italian). 29 June 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  6. ^ Garcí, Enrique (29 June 2007). "Ventas Mayo 2007: Brasil" (in Spanish). Auto blog. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Fiat brand recirds the lowest CO2 emissions in Europe for the fifth year running". 8 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  8. ^ Scottsdale, FIAT of. "A Brief History of Fiat and Its Century of Automaking". Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Chi Siamo (italian)". Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  10. ^ Georgano, p. 24 cap.
  11. ^ a b Jennings, Bob. "Fiat centenary something to crow over". Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  12. ^ "Fiat, a joint-stock company that soon become famous". Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  13. ^ "1913 Fiat Type 56". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  14. ^ "Inside the Poughkeepsie Fiat factory". Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  15. ^ Kimes, Beverly Rae; Clark, Henry Austin, Jr., eds. (1985). The Standard Catalogue of American Cars 1805–1942 (2nd ed.). Krause Publications. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-87341-111-0.
  16. ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 39
  17. ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 551
  18. ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 556
  19. ^ "Case New Holland, Family history". Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2008.
  20. ^ "Fiat SpA". britannica. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  21. ^ Georgano, p.151
  22. ^ Georgano, p.8
  23. ^ Shuster, Alvin (2 December 1976). "Libya Buys 10% Of Fiat Company For $415 Million". The New York Times. US. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Fiat S.p.A. approves merger plan for the formation of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles" (PDF) (Press release). Fiat S.p.A. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  25. ^ Snavely, Brent (4 August 2014). "Merger opens new chapter for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles". USAToday. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  26. ^ Wayland, Michael (7 October 2014). "Fiat Chrysler Automobiles merger to become official Sunday". The Detroit News. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  27. ^ "Fiat says merger into Dutch-registered FCA effective October 12". Reuters. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  28. ^ "Fix it again, Sergio — and then fix the rest of 'em". The Irish Times. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  29. ^ Eyewitness Travel: Italy. DK. 2005. pp. 26–27. ISBN 1-4053-0781-1.
  30. ^ Becker, Clauspeter (1971), Logoz, Arthur (ed.), "Fiat 128", Auto-Universum 1971 (in German), Zürich, Switzerland: Verlag Internationale Automobil-Parade AG, XIV: 88
  31. ^ "Theme: Engines – a survey of Fiat´s 2004 and 2014 ranges". Driven To Write. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  32. ^ "New Vehicle Registrations: Provisional Figures (ACEA Press Releases)". ACEA. 15 January 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ "Fiat: Italy's industrial giant". CAR (South Africa). Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. p. 65.
  35. ^ "American built Fiats". Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  36. ^ Strohl, Daniel (8 June 2009). "Inside the Poughkeepsie Fiat factory". Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  37. ^ American built Fiats
  38. ^ "Anyone less than 30 years old probably never has seen -- or at least doesn't remember seeing -- a Fiat automobile in the flesh". Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  39. ^
  40. ^ a b "Fiat Finito". Time. 31 January 1983. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
  41. ^ Krisher, Tom (31 January 1983). "Problems of old Chrysler linger at 'new' Chrysler, US". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  42. ^ The New York Times: The Fiat 500 Hopes for a Rebirth in the U.S. Market - The New York Times, accessdate: 29. October 2018
  43. ^ "Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Chrysler by Fiat". Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  44. ^ "Toluca started Fiat 500s, 2011 Journeys". Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  45. ^ Wilkins, p. 66
  46. ^ Wilkins, p. 67
  47. ^ "Architecture - Fiat 500L, design "cab forward"". Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  48. ^ English, Andrew (19 November 2007). "Fiat's Cinquecento voted car of the year". London. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
  49. ^ "Fiat keeps the low-CO
    crown for second year in a row"
    . Autoblog/FiatAutoPress release. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
  50. ^ "Fiat's electric Topolino | Auto Express News | News". Auto Express. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  51. ^ "Fiat Bugster A Plug-In Electric Car | Other Motorsports". Auto Racing Daily. 16 November 2008. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  52. ^ "Meet the First Electric Car Produced in South America: Brazil's Fiat Palio Weekend". Treehugger. 14 July 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  53. ^ "Fiat 500e most efficient electric car in the USA". Autocar. Archived from the original on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  54. ^ "Sergio Marchionne asks customers not to buy Fiat 500e". Auto Express. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  55. ^ "Fiat Turbina".
  56. ^ "Fiat Abarth 2000".
  57. ^ "Fiat Firepoin (1994)".
  58. ^ Giacosa, John Tipler ; foreword by Dante (1993). Fiat & Abarth 124 Spider & coupé. Godmanstone, England: Veloce Pub. Plc. ISBN 1-874105-09-X.
  59. ^ "Fiat Manufacturer Profile & Rally History". Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  60. ^ "Walter Röhrl". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  61. ^ "Fiat Wins European Rally Championship". Fiat UK. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  62. ^ "Fiat Logo History". Worlds Best Logos. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  63. ^ "Fiat opens new flagship store in West London". Motortorque. 12 March 2008. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  64. ^ "Fiats join Jeeps in Paris for first time in Fiat-owned store". Automotive Europe. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  65. ^ Mortished, Carl (28 July 2009). "Cheeky Italian Fiat takes British out of BSM as Vauxhall is dumped". The Times. London. Retrieved 5 December 2009.

External links

Al Baraka Banking Group

Al Baraka Banking Group is the largest banking corporation in Bahrain and is based in Manama, Bahrain. It was formed in 2002 in Manama, Bahrain. The company is listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange and NASDAQ, the group offers retail, corporate and investment banking and treasury services in accordance with the principles of the Shari'a in 15 countries.

It has total assets of $70.2 bn in 2012.

At its helm it has Saleh Abdullah Kamel and Abdullah A. Saudi who has been one of the most influential people in finance in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) recent decades. Saudi is a Libyan banker, he has been an adviser to the Bank of Lebanon since 1997. He served at Central Bank of Libya from 1958 to 1972. He is Founder and General Manager of Libyan Arab Foreign Bank, Libya from 1972 to 1980. He was also the CEO of Fiat Automobiles. Saudi was a pioneer of finance in the Middle East so much so that he is the founder of the renowned Arab Banking Corporation.Mr Saudi has received many international accolades and decorations, including: the title of one of the “Most Innovative Bankers” in 1980 at a presentation at Georgetown University, Washington D.C.; “Best Banker” award from the Association of Arab American Banks in 1990; “Arab Banker of the Year” award from the Union of Arab Banks in 1993. He also has several gold medals and awards, notably those bestowed by the King of Spain and the President of Italy in 1977, and the Grand Medal of the Republic of Tunisia in 1993. Recently, he was honoured with the Integrity Award for Combating Forgery by the Arab Union - subordinate of the Arab League – in 2012.


EcoDrive is a free software codeveloped by Microsoft and Fiat Automobiles. It was unveiled at the 2008 Paris Motor Show and its aim is to allow drivers to reduce their fuel consumption and pollution emissions. It is now available for Fiat 500 and Fiat Grande Punto and in 2009 it will be available throughout the whole FIAT range equipped with Blue&Me.

The ecoDrive user application was written using Adobe Air to facilitate cross platform use by UK consulting firm AKQA.

When the car is being driven, ecoDrive collects all the data about CO2 emission and fuel consumption, by saving them to a USB key linked to the Blue&Me device. Afterwards, users can analyse and improve their results by connecting the USB key to a domestic computer. Moreover, ecoDrive allows users to receive driving tips on how to achieve a lower environmental impact and share experiences throughout an on-line community called ecoVille.

FCA India Automobiles

FCA India Automobiles Private Limited (FCAIPL) formerly known as Fiat Group Automobiles India Private Limited was formed in the year 2012 as a fully owned direct subsidiary of FCA Italy. The new company was established for production of cars and engine under the brand Fiat, Abarth and Jeep. It is the ninth largest Indian car manufacturer by sales in India.

FCA Italy

FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.) is the Italian subsidiary of the Italian-American automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, dedicated to the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles and headquartered in Turin, Italy.

FCA Poland

FCA Poland SA (until April 1, 2015 Fiat Auto Poland SA) is an automobile factory belonging to Fiat Chrysler Automobiles formed on May 28, 1992 after Fiat acquired Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych (FSM) in Bielsko-Biała and Tychy. At that time, Fiat Auto took over 90% of the company's shares. Until today, the takeover of FSM by Fiat is considered hostile and controversial.

FCA Srbija

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Serbia (Serbian: FIAT Krajsler Automobili Srbija; abbr. FCAS) or FCA Srbija, is a Serbian automotive manufacturing company based in Kragujevac, Serbia — a joint venture (JV) between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) which owns 67% of the operation and the Republic of Serbia, which owns the remainder.

The FCAS headquarters and assembly plant are located on the former site of Zastava Automobiles (1953-2008) — 70 miles south of Belgrade on the Lepenica river in the country's central Šumadija region. Heavily damaged during the collapse of Yugoslavia, the factory was completely renovated and modernized, reopening in April 2012 as one of Europe's state of the art car factories.The operation currently has roughly 2,000 employees and works closely with 15 other companies and component suppliers, many located at the adjacent Grosnica Supplier Park — with a combined workforce of roughly 6,000 tied to production at FCAS. The factory has a daily output of roughly 400 cars.The JV is the largest foreign industrial investment in Serbia and as the country's largest exporter, with exports valued at 1 billion euro ($1.1 billion) in 2016.The plant manufactures the Fiat 500L, a five-door, five passenger, front-engine, front-wheel drive, high-roof B-segment MPV, which FCA markets globally in more than 100 countries — with the notable exception of Russia. By early 2018, production surpassed 500,000 units.

Fiat (cycling team)

Fiat was a French professional cycling team that existed in 1978 and 1979. It was sponsored by Fiat Automobiles.

Fiat 500

The Fiat 500 (Italian: Cinquecento, Italian pronunciation: [ˌtʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) is a rear-engined, four-seat, small city car that was manufactured and marketed by Fiat Automobiles from 1957 to 1975 over a single generation in two-door saloon and two-door station wagon bodystyles.

Launched as the Nuova (new) 500 in July 1957, as a successor to the 500 "Topolino", it was an inexpensive and practical small car. Measuring 2.97 metres (9 feet 9 inches) long, and originally powered by a 479 cc two-cylinder, air-cooled engine, the 500 was 24.5 centimetres (9.6 inches) smaller than Fiat's 600, launched two years earlier, and is considered one of the first purpose-designed city cars.

In 2007, the 50th anniversary of the Nuova 500's launch, Fiat launched another new 500, stylistically inspired by the 1957 Nuova 500, featuring a front-mounted engine and front-wheel drive.

In 2017 Fiat celebrated the 60th anniversary with an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and received one of the Corporate Art Awards by pptArt at an event hosted by the President of the Italian Republic Sergio Mattarella at the Quirinal Palace.

Fiat Bravo (2007)

The Fiat Bravo (Type 198) is a small family car produced by Italian manufacturer Fiat from 2007 to 2014. It was introduced to the press in January 2007 in Rome, and later to the public in March at the Geneva Motor Show. A minor facelift was available from 2010, with changes to the front grille, door handles and side mirrors, new colors, as well as interior improvements. The car was launched on 21 April 2007.

European production, at the Cassino plant, ended in July 2014, being part of FCA's 5 Year Plan, presented by Sergio Marchionne on 7 May 2014. It was replaced by the Fiat Tipo and the similarly sized Fiat 500X. The Bravo was the first car to bear Fiat Automobiles' current logo, introduced in October 2006, which contains a red background in a chrome frame.

Fiat France (cycling team)

Fiat France was a Belgian professional cycling team that existed in 1977. It was the successor to the Molteni team and the predecessor to the C&A team. It was sponsored by Fiat Automobiles.

Fiat Mobi

The Fiat Mobi is a city car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Fiat since 2016; is available exclusively for the South American market. The Mobi hatchback in the A-segment manufactured in Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil. It was released on 13 April 2016. This Brazilian project was derived from the same platform as the second generation Fiat Uno, in addition to the engine and transmission.

It was created to be a direct competitor of Volkswagen Up!, with similar dimensions and characteristics, including the rear glass cover in the Up! since 2011.

Fiat Professional

Fiat Professional is the brand name and subsidiary for FCA Italy's (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) light commercial vehicles and their passenger variants. It was launched on 17 April 2007 and replaced the Fiat Veicoli Commerciali division. Fiat Professional is only present in the EMEA and Asia-Pacific regions; the Fiat Automobiles brand is used in the Latin America region. The Fiat Ducato and the Fiat Doblò are rebadged as the Ram ProMaster and Ram ProMaster City respectively for sale in Canada and the US.

GAC Fiat Chrysler

GAC Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Changsha, China and a 50:50 joint-venture between GAC Group and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. The company was founded on 9 March 2010. Fiat agreed to invest an initial US$559 million in the venture.

Lapo Elkann

Lapo Edovard Elkann (born 7 October 1977) is an Italian businessman and grandson of Gianni Agnelli, the former controlling CEO and controlling shareholder of Fiat Automobiles.

List of Fiat Group assembly sites

This list contains all current FCA Italy (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) automobile assembly sites. Including joint-ventures, license production and outsourced production.

List of vans

This page lists vans currently in production (as of 2013) as well as past models. The list includes minivans, passenger vans and cargo vans.

Note: Many of the vehicles (both current and past) are related to other vehicles in the list. A vehicle listed as a 'past model' may still be in production in an updated form under a different name, it may be listed under that name in the 'currently in production' section. Also, some vehicles are sold under different marques in different geographical locations, therefore some vehicles may be listed more than once but usually link to the same page. Different states may also classify vehicles differently. What may be considered a van in one state, may not in another state. Example; The Dacia Lodgy is known as the Nissan Lodgy in the Philliphines.

† = no longer in production

This is not a complete list

Nanjing Fiat Automobile

The Nanjing Fiat Automobile Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 南京菲亚特汽车有限公司) was a car manufacturer located in the Jiangning District's Economic & Technological Development Zone in the city of Nanjing (People's Republic of China). The company was founded with an investment of 3 billion Yuan in April 1999 as a joint venture between Fiat Auto S.p.A. and the Nanjing Automobile Group. Around 30,000 up to 35,000 vehicles were manufactured annually for the Chinese market by Nanjing Fiat.

Saab 9000

The Saab 9000 is an executive car that was produced by the Swedish company Saab from 1984 to 1998. Representing the company's foray into the executive car scene, it was developed as a result of the successes of the turbocharged 99 and 900 models. The 9000 remained in production until it was replaced by the Saab 9-5 in late 1997, although some final cars were produced into 1998.

Saab designed the 9000 as part of the Type Four platform in conjunction with the Italian automaker Fiat Automobiles. Fiat retailed similar derivative versions as the more basic Fiat Croma, the luxury-themed Lancia Thema, and the sports-oriented Alfa Romeo 164. Unlike the 164, which shares only the chassis, the Croma and Thema are outwardly similar to the 9000. As such, much of the bodywork appeared interchangeable between the 9000, Croma and Thema; for example, the doors. However, because Saab fitted heavier side impact protection they will not fit. Also the front of the Saab is radically different from the Italian siblings due to the much improved crash protection. Only seven different parts are actually interchangeable. The 9000's body was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and Saab designer Björn Envall.

Despite being shorter overall than the 900, the 9000 had a longer wheelbase and greater interior space, and was the first Saab vehicle imported to the United States to be classed as a "large car" by the EPA.

Active manufacturers
Defunct manufacturers
Design, engineering,
and coachbuilding
Related topics
Fiat Automobiles and Fiat Professional
Current models
Historic models
List of Fiats
Concept models
Racing cars
Armored vehicles
« previous — Fiat car timeline (Europe), 1980s–present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
City car 126 Cinquecento Seicento / 600
Panda I Panda II Panda III
Supermini Hatchback 127 Punto I Punto II
Uno Palio Grande Punto Punto Evo Punto
Sedan Duna Siena Albea
Compact car Hatchback Ritmo Tipo Bravo I / Brava Stilo Bravo II Tipo
Sedan 128
131 Regata Tempra Marea Linea Tipo
Mid-size car 132 Argenta Croma I Croma II
Cabriolet Ritmo Cabrio Punto Cabrio 500C
Spider Spidereuropa * Barchetta 124 Spider
Coupé Coupé
Sports car X1/9
LAV Fiorino I Fiorino II Fiorino III / Qubo
Doblò I Doblò II
Mini CUV Sedici 500X
Mini MPV Idea 500L
Compact MPV Multipla
Large MPV Ulysse I Ulysse II Freemont
LCV Daily Scudo I Scudo II Talento
Ducato I Ducato II Ducato III
Mini pickup Strada
Pickup Fullback
Off-road Campagnola (1107)
  •      Manufactured by Pininfarina — * from 1983
  •      Manufactured by Maggiora in Italy untill 2002
  •      Manufactured by Bertone from 1982
  •      Manufactured by Mazda in Japan
  •      Manufactured by Suzuki in Hungary
  •      Manufactured by Sevel Nord (FCA/PSA) in France
  •      Manufactured by Chrysler in Mexico
  •      Manufactured by Renault in France
  •      Manufactured by Sevel Sud in Italy
  •      Manufactured by Mitsubishi in Thailand
Fiat car timeline (South America), 1980s–present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Economy car Hatch 147 / Spazio Mille Mobi
Uno Palio I Palio II Argo
Uno II
Sedan Oggi Prêmio/Duna Siena Grand Siena Cronos
Subcompact Punto
Compact Hatch Tipo Brava Stilo Bravo
Sedan Tempra / Tempra SW Marea / Marea Weekend Linea
Coupé Coupé
LCV/LAV Fiorino I Fiorino II Fiorino III
Mini MPV Idea
Pickup City Fiorino Pick-up Strada


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.