Ferrari SF90 Stradale

The Ferrari SF90 Stradale is an upcoming mid-engine PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) sports car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari. The car shares its name with the SF90 Formula One car with the name standing for the 90th anniversary of the Scuderia Ferrari racing team and "Stradale" meaning for road.[3]

Ferrari SF90 Stradale
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production2020 (expected)
AssemblyMaranello, Italy
DesignerCentro Stile Ferrari under Flavio Manzoni
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door berlinetta
LayoutLongitudinal mid-engine, all-wheel-drive
Related
Powertrain
Engine4.0 L (3,990 cc) twin-turbocharged Ferrari F154CD V8
Electric motor3 electric motors (one mounted on the transmission and two on each front wheels)[1]
Power output
  • Engine: 780 PS (574 kW; 769 hp)
  • Electric motors: 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp)
  • Combined: 1,000 PS (735 kW; 986 hp)
Transmission8-speed dual clutch
Battery7.9 kWh lithium-ion[1]
Electric range26 km (16 mi)[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length4,710 mm (185.4 in)
Width1,972 mm (77.6 in)
Height1,186 mm (46.7 in)
Kerb weight
  • 1,600 kg (3,527 lb) (base, dry)
  • 1,570 kg (3,461 lb) (Assetto Fiorano, dry)[2]

Specifications

Battery and driving modes

The car has a 7.9 kWh lithium-ion battery for regenerative braking, giving the car 26 km (16 mi) of electric range.[4][1] The car comes with four driving modes depending on road conditions. The modes are changed by the eManettino knob present on the steering wheel.

The eDrive mode runs the car only on the electric motors. The Hybrid mode runs the car on both the internal combustion engine and the electric motors and is the car's default mode. In this mode, the car's onboard computer (called control logic) also turns off the engine if the conditions are ideal in order to save fuel while allowing the driver to start the engine again. The Performance mode keeps the engine running in order to charge the batteries and keeps the car responsive in order for optimum performance. The Qualify mode uses the powertrain to its full potential.

The control logic system makes use of three primary areas; the high voltage controls of the car (including the batteries), the RAC-e (Rotation Axis Control-electric) torque vectoring system and the MGUK along with the engine and gearbox.[5]

Powertrain

The SF90 Stradale is equipped with three electric motors, adding a combined output of 220 PS (162 kW; 217 bhp)[6] to a twin-turbocharged V8 engine rated at a power output of 780 PS (574 kW; 769 hp) at 7,500 rpm.[5] The car is rated at a total output of 1,000 PS (735 kW; 986 hp) at 8,000 rpm[6][7] and a maximum torque of 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft) at 6,000 rpm.[8][9]

The engine is an evolution of the unit found in the 488 Pista and the upcoming F8 Tributo models.[10] The engine's capacity has been increased to 4.0 L (3,990 cc) and the bore has also been increased to 88 mm (3.46 in). The intake and exhaust of the engine have been completely modified. The cylinder heads of the engine are now narrower and the all-new central fuel injectors run at a pressure of 350 bar (5,100 psi). The assembly for the turbochargers is lower than that of the exhaust system and the engine sits 50 mm (2.0 in) lower in the chassis than the other mid-engine V8 models in order to maintain a lower centre of gravity. The engine utilises a smaller flywheels and an inconel exhaust manifold.[5]

The front wheels are powered by two electric motors (one for each wheel), providing torque vectoring. They also function as the reversing gear, as the main transmission (eight-speed dual-clutch) does not have a reversing gear.[4]

Transmission

The engine of the SF90 Stradale is mated to a new 8-speed dual-clutch transmission. The new transmission is 10 kg (22 lb) lighter and more compact than the existing 7-speed transmission used by the other offerings of the manufacturer partly due to the absence of a dedicated reverse gear since reversing is provided by the electric motors mounted on the front axle. The new transmission also has a 30% faster shift time (200 milliseconds).[11][12]

Interior

The interior of the SF90 Stradale features Ferrari's high-tech technology. A 16-inch curved display located behind the steering wheel displays various vital statistics of the car to the driver. The car also employs a new head-up display that would reconfigure itself according to the selected driving mode. The steering wheel is carried over from the 488 but now features multiple capacitive touch interfaces to control the various functions of the car. Other conventional levers and buttons are retained. The interior will also channel sound of the engine to the driver according to the manufacturer.[12]

Handling

The SF90 Stradale employs eSSC (electric Side Slip Control) which controls the torque distribution to all four wheels of the car. The eSSC is combined with eTC (electric Tractional Control), a new brake-by-wire system which combines the traditional hydraulic braking system and electric motors to provide optimal regenerative braking and torque vectoring.

Chassis

The car's all-new chassis combines aluminium and carbon fibre to improve structural rigidity and provide a suitable platform for the car's hybrid system. The car has a total dry weight of 1,570 kg (3,461 lb) after combining the 270 kg (595 lb) weight of the electric system.

Performance

Ferrari states that the SF90 Stradale is capable of accelerating from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.5 seconds,and 0–200 km/h (124 mph) in 6.7 seconds and can attain a top speed of 340km/h 340 km/h (211 mph).[13]

Design

The manufacturer claims that the SF90 Stradale can generate 390 kg (860 lb) of downforce at 250 km/h (155 mph) due to new findings in aero and thermal dynamics.

The main feature of the design is the twin-part rear wing which is an application of the DRS (Drag Reduction System) used in Formula One. A fixed element in the wing incorporates the rear light, the mobile parts of the wing (called "shut off Gurney" by the manufacturer) integrate into the body by using electric actuators in order to maximise downforce. The SF90 Stradale uses an evolution of Ferrari's vortex generators mounted at the front of the car.

The car employs a cab-forward design in order to utilise the new aerodynamic parts of the car more effectively and in order to incorporate radiators or the cooling requirements of the hybrid system of the car. The design is a close collaboration between Ferrari Styling Centre and Ferrari engineers.

The rear-end of the car carries over many iconic Ferrari Styling elements such as the flying buttresses. The engine cover has been kept as low as possible in order to maximise airflow. According to the car's lead designer, Flavio Manzoni, the car's design lies in between that of a spaceship and of a race car. The rear side-profile harkens back to the 1960s 330 P3/4.[5]

Assetto Fiorano

A higher-performance version, the SF90 Stradale Assetto Fiorano, will be available as well. The Assetto Fiorano has racing-derived Multimatic shocks and lightweight carbon fibre parts like door panels and underbody. The Assetto Fiorano also employs a light weight titanium exhaust system. The above measures save 30 kg (66 lb) as compared to the standard SF90 Stradale.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Edelstein, Stephen (29 May 2019). "Ferrari's SF90 Stradale, its most powerful road car ever, is a plug-in hybrid". Digital Trends. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ Malan, Andrea (29 May 2019). "Ferrari's 986-hp SF90 Stradale sets new high mark for power". Auto News. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  3. ^ Stoklosa, Alexander (29 May 2019). "The 986-HP Ferrari SF90 Stradale Plug-In Hybrid Yanks Maranello Back Into Hypercar Race". Car and Driver. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Sorokanich, Bob (29 May 2019). "This Is the SF90 Stradale, The Most Powerful Ferrari Ever". Road & Track.
  5. ^ a b c d Barlow, Jason (29 May 2019). "The new Ferrari SF90 Stradale is a 986 bhp (735 kW; 1,000 PS) hybrid supercar". Top Gear. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Ferrari SF90 Stradale". ferrari.com. ferrari.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  7. ^ "All-new 986 bhp Ferrari SF90 Stradale supercar revealed". evo.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  8. ^ Moore, Robert (30 May 2019). "The SF90 is the craziest Ferrari to date – really; it is". Top Speed.com. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  9. ^ Lee, Kristen (29 May 2019). "The Ferrari SF90 Stradale Has 986 HP and All-Wheel Drive". Jalopnik.com. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  10. ^ Ewing, Mark (29 May 2019). "Ferrari SF90 Stradale: 986 Horsepower Hybrid Ferrari Hypercar Will Sing Mezzo-Soprano Arias Of Speed". Forbes. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  11. ^ Stocksdale, Joel (29 May 2019). "Ferrari SF90 Stradale is a 986-horsepower plug-in hybrid". Autoblog. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b Stevens, Tim (29 May 2019). "Ferrari SF90 Stradale brings new hybrid tech to hypercar heights". cNet. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  13. ^ Hudson, Paul (29 May 2019). "Ferrari SF90 Stradale revealed: a fabulous hybrid supercar packed with technical firsts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
Ferrari

Ferrari (; Italian: [ferˈraːri]) is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 out of Alfa Romeo's race division as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940. However, the company's inception as an auto manufacturer is usually recognized in 1947, when the first Ferrari-badged car was completed.

In 2014 Ferrari was rated the world's most powerful brand by Brand Finance. In June 2018, the 1964 250 GTO became the most expensive car in history, setting an all-time record selling price of $70 million.Fiat S.p.A. acquired 50% of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 90% in 1988. In October 2014 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (FCA) announced its intentions to separate Ferrari S.p.A. from FCA; as of the announcement FCA owned 90% of Ferrari.

The separation began in October 2015 with a restructuring that established Ferrari N.V. (a company incorporated in the Netherlands) as the new holding company of the Ferrari group and the subsequent sale by FCA of 10% of the shares in an IPO and concurrent listing of common shares on the New York Stock Exchange. Through the remaining steps of the separation, FCA's interest in Ferrari's business was distributed to shareholders of FCA, with 10% continuing to be owned by Piero Ferrari. The spin-off was completed on 3 January 2016.Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it is the oldest and most successful racing team, holding the most constructors championships (16) and having produced the highest number of drivers' championship wins (15). Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth.

Ferrari F154 engine

The Ferrari F154 is a family of modular twin-turbocharged, direct injected V8 petrol engines designed and produced by Ferrari since 2013. It is a replacement for the naturally aspirated Ferrari/Maserati F136 V8 family on both Maserati and Ferrari cars.

They are the first turbocharged Ferrari road engines since the 1987 2.9-litre F120A V8 of the Ferrari F40.

Fiorano Circuit

The Fiorano Circuit is a private racetrack owned by Ferrari for development and testing purposes. It is located in Fiorano Modenese, near the Italian town of Maranello.

Built in 1972, it was originally 8.4 metres (27.6 ft) wide and 3000 metres (1.86 miles) long. In 1992, a chicane was added making it 3021 metres (1.88 miles) long, then in 1996 a new renovated track was introduced (a fast bend to replace a sharp corner at the end of the pit straight) which shortened the total length by 24 metres (0.02 miles). The average F1 lap speed is over 160 km/h (99 mph) and the F1 top speed is 290 km/h (180 mph). As Fiorano is a testing track, it has a wide range of corner types, with corner diameters between 370 metres (1,213.9 ft) and 13.71 metres (45.0 ft). Thus Ferrari is able to simulate corner and track types of other Grand Prix circuits.

The track is equipped with telemetry sensors and a large skidpad for tyre testing. In 2001 an irrigation system using rain collected in eight cisterns was installed to simulate wet track conditions. When Scuderia Ferrari are testing a F1 car at the track, it is common to see Tifosi watching the test from the roadside, which is the closest point from which the track is viewable to the public.

Ferrari customers are allowed to test drive new cars at the Fiorano circuit. The Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano is named after this track.

In the 16 years from the time the track opened until his death in 1988, Enzo Ferrari would either sit in his house which was located at the circuit and listen to, or actually sit track side and watch his beloved scarlet Formula One cars testing. Legend has it that this was actually the real reason that the "old man" had the circuit built, so he could enjoy his cars and his drivers without the presence of other F1 cars or the press. In reality Ferrari made the decision of building his own testing track when he realised that the Modena Autodrome could no longer serve this purpose.

Flavio Manzoni

Flavio Manzoni (born 7 January 1965 in Nuoro, Sardinia) is an Italian architect and automobile designer. He is the Senior Vice President of Design at Ferrari.

List of ZF transmissions

This list of ZF transmissions details those automotive transmissions created by the German ZF Friedrichshafen AG engineering company.

There are two fundamental types of motor vehicle transmission:

Manual — the driver has to perform each gear change

Automatic — once placed in drive (or any other 'automatic' selector position), it selects the gear ratio dependent on engine speed and load automatically.Furthermore, they may also be manufactured solely as a gearbox, and use an entirely separate final drive unit (including its differential) – or be supplied as a transaxle, which includes both the gearbox and final drive unit within one housing.

List of production cars by horsepower

This list is limited to unmodified production cars which meet the eligibility criteria below. All entries must be able to be verified from reliable sources.

List of sports cars

This page is a compilation of sports cars, coupés, roadsters, supercars, hypercars, race cars, and super SUVs, both discontinued and still in production. Cars that have sport trims (such as the Honda Civic SI) will be listed under the sport trims section. Production tunes will include cars modified by outside brands and then sold. This does not include in-house brands such as Ford's Special Vehicle Team, which will be included in the main list. Some vehicles are sold under different brands, therefore some vehicles may be listed more than once but usually link to the same page. Different countries/continents may also classify vehicles differently, for example; the Toyota 86 name is known throughout most of the world. However, in Europe, it's sold as the Toyota GT86, and in the United States and Canada it's sold under the Scion marque as the Scion FR-S (at least, until 2016) and the Subaru marque as the Subaru BRZ.

Scuderia Ferrari

Scuderia Ferrari S.p.A. (Italian: [skudeˈriːa ferˈraːri]) is the racing division of luxury Italian auto manufacturer Ferrari and the racing team that competes in Formula One racing. The team is also nicknamed "The Prancing Horse", with reference to their logo. It is the oldest surviving and most successful Formula One team, having competed in every world championship since the 1950 Formula One season.

The team was founded by Enzo Ferrari, initially to race cars produced by Alfa Romeo, though by 1947 Ferrari had begun building its own cars. Among its important achievements outside Formula One are winning the World Sportscar Championship, 24 Hours of Le Mans, 24 Hours of Spa, 24 Hours of Daytona, 12 Hours of Sebring, Bathurst 12 Hour, races for Grand tourer cars and racing on road courses of the Targa Florio, the Mille Miglia and the Carrera Panamericana.

As a constructor, Ferrari has a record 16 Constructors' Championships, the last of which was won in 2008. Alberto Ascari, Juan Manuel Fangio, Mike Hawthorn, Phil Hill, John Surtees, Niki Lauda, Jody Scheckter, Michael Schumacher and Kimi Räikkönen have won a record 15 Drivers' Championships for the team. Since Räikkönen's title in 2007 the team narrowly lost out on the 2008 drivers' title with Felipe Massa and the 2010 and 2012 drivers' titles with Fernando Alonso.

Michael Schumacher is the team's most successful driver. Joining the team in 1996 and departing in 2006 he won five drivers' titles and 72 Grands Prix for the team. His titles came consecutively between 2000 and 2004, and the team won consecutive constructors' title from 1999 until the end of 2004; this was the team's most successful period.

Currently, Sebastian Vettel and Charles Leclerc are the two main race drivers.

The team is also known for its passionate support base known as the tifosi. The Italian Grand Prix at Monza is regarded as the team's home race.

Stradale

Stradale (Italian for "road-going") may refer to:

Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale, street-legal derivative of a racecar

Dallara Stradale, first streetcar from racecar maker Dallara

Ferrari SF90 Stradale

Maserati GranTurismo MC Stradale

Turin Auto Show

The Turin Motor Show (Italian: Salone dell'Automobile di Torino) was an auto show held annually in Turin, Italy. The first official show took place between 21 and 24 April 1900, at the Castle of Valentino, becoming a permanent fixture in Turin from 1938 having shared it with Milan and Rome until that time. From 1972, the show was held biannually and in 1984, it moved into Fiat's shuttered Lingotto factory.The event was last held in Turin in June 2000, and cancelled from 2002, resulting in the Bologna Motor Show taking over the role of Italy's International Motor Show. Since 2015, Turin again now holds a Motor Show, albeit as an open air festival to keep exhibitors' costs down and provide free access to the public. It is held in the precinct of the Parco del Valentino.

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