The Ferrari Pinin was a one-off concept car created by Italian-design studio Pininfarina, to celebrate the design studios 50th anniversary. Discussed by Enzo Ferrari as being turned into a production model, the proposal was dropped and the car remains a singular concept model, the first four-door Ferrari ever built.
|Designer||Leonardo Fioravanti at Pininfarina, details by Diego Ottina|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Engine||4.8 L FI Flat-12|
Battista "Pinin" Farina had founded his design house in 1930, and after World War II began working with Enzo Ferrari on designing bodies for his road cars, to allow Ferrari to create funds to continue his motor car racing.
The drive for the project came from Sergio Pininfarina, who had dreamed of designing an Italian competitor for luxury 4 door saloons like the Jaguar XJ, the Maserati Quattroporte (designed by rival Giugiaro), and the Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9.
Leonardo Fioravanti led the design team, who had been responsible for most Pininfarina Ferrari designs since the 1960s, while detailed work was completed Diego Ottina. Fioravanti proposed a sporting sedan design, powered by a forward-located Flat-12 engine. New headlights from Lucas Industries allowed the front to be lowered, creating a thin egg-crate style grill. The design also included body-coloured rear lights by Carello, From the side, the A and B pillars were disguised by using smoked glass, and exaggerating the C pillar, creating a coupe-style side view.
The interior used tobacco-coloured Connolly leather, and a dashboard designed by Borletti,
The prototype was created at Pininfarina's studio, on a donor Ferrari 400GT chassis. The car included a mock-up flat 12, mated to the shell of a five-speed manual gearbox. The car was unveiled by Sergio Pininfarina at the 1980 Turin Auto Show.
Enzo Ferrari was so impressed, that he discussed turning the design into a production vehicle. But after the car had undertaken a tour of that years motorshows, and after feedback from a customer tour in the United States, in the mid-1980s it was sold to Jacques Swaters, a Belgian racing driver turned businessman and car collector who ran a prominent privateer Ferrari endurance and sportscar racing team. Fioravanti later speculated that Ferrari's resistance to producing the car was due to the production quality of any resultant vehicle, where by "faults" were accepted on sporting cars, but that with the Pinin Ferrari would have been competing against the quality of experienced production manufacturers including BMW, Mercedes-Benz and even Rolls-Royce.
After being displayed at the 2005 Essen Motor Show to celebrate Pininfarina's 75th anniversary, the car was sold in 2008 by RM Auctions on behalf of Swaters for €176,000. Given to Oral Engineering by its new owner with the brief to make it a running vehicle, the engineering team was led by Mauro Forghieri, who had been Ferrari's chief engineer during the 1960s and 1970s. In order to fit and cool a working flat 12 engine, the chassis was modified and strengthened, mated to an original 400GT gearbox, and a bespoke wiring loom was commissioned.
The car first ran in March 2010, some 30 years after its first appearance. It was put up for sale later that year, but failed to make a reserve of €1 million. The car was put up for sale again by RM Auctions at their London sale on 26 October 2010, with a guide price of £480,000 – £550,000.
The car was on display at the Ferrari museum, as part of a show of Pininfarina's ten greatest designs.
The car is currently owned by renowned collector Prof. Anthony Nobles in California. Nobles is a well known Ferrari collector who raced in the elite F1 Clienti with his 2001 and 2004 Schumacher F1 cars. Nobles originally bid on the Pinin when it was sold at the Factory auction where he was outbid. Nobles spent the next several years tracking down the car he loved and acquired it in Maranello in 2017. The car was displayed at the Quail event in August 2018.
Leonardo Fioravanti (born 1938) is an Italian automobile designer and CEO of Fioravanti Srl.List of Ferrari road cars
The following is a list of road cars manufactured by Italian sports car manufacturer dating back to the 1950s Ferrari.Mauro Forghieri
Mauro Forghieri (born January 13, 1935) is an Italian mechanical engineer, best known for his work as a Formula One racing car designer with Scuderia Ferrari during the 1960s and 1970s.Pinin (disambiguation)
Pinin may refer to:
Pinin (PNN protein) a protein encoded by the PNN genePininfarina
Pininfarina S.p.A. (short for Carrozzeria Pininfarina) is an Italian car design firm and coachbuilder, with headquarters in Cambiano, (Metropolitan City of Turin), Italy. It was founded by Battista "Pinin" Farina in 1930. On 14 December 2015, Mahindra Group acquired Pininfarina S.p.A. for about €168 million.Pininfarina is employed by a wide variety of automobile manufacturers to design vehicles. These firms have included long-established customers such as Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Peugeot, Fiat, GM, Lancia, and Maserati, to emerging companies in the Asian market with Chinese manufactures like AviChina, Chery, Changfeng, Brilliance, and JAC and VinFast in Vietnam and Korean manufacturers Daewoo and Hyundai.
Since the 1980s Pininfarina has also designed high-speed trains, buses, trams, rolling stocks, automated light rail cars, people movers, yachts, airplanes, and private jets. With the 1986 creation of "Pininfarina Extra" it has consulted on industrial design, interior design, architecture, and graphic design.
Pininfarina was run by Battista's son Sergio Pininfarina until 2001, then his grandson Andrea Pininfarina until his death in 2008. After Andrea's death, his younger brother Paolo Pininfarina was appointed as CEO.At its height in 2006 the Pininfarina Group employed 2,768 with subsidiary company offices throughout Europe, as well as in Morocco and the United States. As of 2012 with the end of series automotive production, employment has shrunk to 821. Pininfarina is registered and publicly traded on the Borsa Italiana (Milan Stock Exchange).Turin Auto Show
The Turin Motor Show (Italian: Salone dell'Automobile di Torino) was an auto show held annually in Turin, Italy. The first official show took place between 21 and 24 April 1900, at the Castle of Valentino, becoming a permanent fixture in Turin from 1938 having shared it with Milan and Rome until that time. From 1972, the show was held biannually and in 1984, it moved into Fiat's shuttered Lingotto factory.The event was last held in Turin in June 2000, and cancelled from 2002, resulting in the Bologna Motor Show taking over the role of Italy's International Motor Show. Since 2015, Turin again now holds a Motor Show, albeit as an open air festival to keep exhibitors' costs down and provide free access to the public. It is held in the precinct of the Parco del Valentino.