Ferrari Monza

A Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s, Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine in its smallest class of sports racers to a line of four-cylinder engines designed by Aurelio Lampredi. Inspired by the success of the light and reliable 2.5 L 553 F1 car, the four-cylinder sports racers competed successfully through the late 1950s, culminating with the famed 500 Mondial and 750 Monza.

One important stylistic difference between most four-cylinder Ferraris is that they lacked the hood scoops common on V12 models. The V12 cars used downdraft carburettors located centrally in the "valley" of the engine, while the inline-engined fours used side-draft units and thus did not need the hood scoops.

Ferrari Monza
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledFerrari TF
Ferrari Mondial
Production1953–1957
Body and chassis
ClassWorld Sportscar Championship
Powertrain
EngineLampredi I4
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 250 Testa Rossa

1953

1953 was a breakout year for Ferrari, beginning with the new World Sportscar Championship series. The company augmented their traditional V12-powered 250 MM with the new 340 MM and 375 MM and introduced the new four-cylinder 625 TF and 735 S models. With this profusion of cars, Ferrari was able to sweep the first running of the sportscar championship.

625 TF

Ferrari 625 TF
FERRARI 625 TF - Circuit de Dijon Prenois 02
Overview
Production1953
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L (2498.32 cc) Lampredi I4[1]
Dimensions
Curb weight730 kg (1610 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 500 Mondial

The first four-cylinder closed-wheel sports racer from Ferrari was the 625 TF of 1953. Resembling the Vignale-designed 250 MM barchetta in most respects, the 625 TF used a 2.5 L (2498 cc/152 in³) straight-4 lifted from the 625 F1 car instead of the 250's 3.0 L V12. It was a small car, with the same 2,250 mm (89 in) wheelbase as the 250 but even lighter at 730 kg (1,610 lb). The engine produced 220 hp (164 kW) at 7,000 rpm and could push the little roadster to over 240 km/h (150 mph).

The lightweight car debuted at the hands of Mike Hawthorn at Monza on June 29, 1953. Although it could not keep up on the long straights at that track, Hawthorn still brought the car to fourth place at its debut.

A single closed 625 TF coupe, one of the last Ferraris designed and built by Vignale, was created in the Spring of 1953.

735 S

Ferrari 735 S
Overview
Production1953
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine2.9 L (2941.66 cc) Lampredi I4 [2]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 MM
SuccessorFerrari 750 Monza

The same day that the 625 TF debuted, another car was fielded for Alberto Ascari. Sporting an enlarged 2.9 L (2941.66 cc/179 in³)[2] engine, Ascari's 735 S was more capable at Monza, leading the race until he collided with a 250 MM. The 735 S was a barchetta bodied by Carrozzeria Autodromo with recessed headlights, a drooping grille, and fender vents.

1954–1955

The 1954 and 1955 seasons were the heyday of the four-cylinder Ferrari sports racer. The company hit its stride, earning the World Sportscar Championship in 1954 and contending in 1955 despite the legendary Mercedes-Benz team. The Ferrari sports car lineup at the beginning of 1954 was made up of the 2.0 L 500 Mondial and 3.0 L 750 Monza. The team replaced the Mondial with the 500 TR later that year, and feverishly worked to hold off Mercedes-Benz, developing the larger 857 S and six-cylinder 118 LM and 121 LM. The planned V12 sports racer family, including the 250 Monza of 1954 and planned 410 S of 1955, were less notable.

500 Mondial

Ferrari 500 Mondial
500 Mondial
Overview
Production1954
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc) Lampredi I4 [3]
Dimensions
Curb weight720 kg (1,590 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 625 TF
SuccessorFerrari 500 TR

The early experiments with Lampredi's four-cylinder engine led to the creation of the famed 500 Mondial. Named to mark the world ("Mondial") championships won by Alberto Ascari, the 500 Mondial featured a 2.0 L version of Lampredi's four-cylinder engine in a small and light body with an advanced suspension. The car debuted on December 20, 1953 at the 12 Hours of Casablanca driven by Ascari and Luigi Villoresi, placing second to a 375 MM. In 1954 four 500 Mondials were entered in Mille Miglia race, with best result being second overall after Lancia D24.[4]

The 500 Mondial's 2.0 L (1984.86 cc/121 in³) engine was taken from the 500 F2 which won the world championship but was detuned to produce 170 hp (127 kW).[3] It was extremely light at 720 kg (1,590 lb). and handled well with a modern de Dion tube rear suspension.

The first 500 Mondials were coupes bodied by Carrozzeria Scaglietti, but Pinin Farina later created a series of barchettas. The Mondial remained competitive through the end of the decade, including an entry in the 1957 Mille Miglia.

The car won the prestigious Gran Turismo Trophy at the 2012 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, meaning it will eventually be re-created for use in Gran Turismo 6.[5]

750 Monza

Ferrari 750 Monza
Ferrari 750 Monza Scaglietti Spyder - front right (Crown Casino, Melbourne, Australia, 3 March 2007)
Overview
Production1954
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine3.0 L (2999.62 cc)[6] Lampredi I4
Dimensions
Curb weight760 kg (1,675 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 735 S
SuccessorFerrari 857 S

1954 saw the introduction of a new four-cylinder sports racer, the 750 Monza. Sporting a three-litre version of the 500 Mondial's engine, the Monza was much more powerful, with 250 hp (186 kW) available, but barely heavier at 760 kg (1,675 lb). The new-style body was penned by Pinin Farina and presaged the droop-nose look of the famed 250 GTO, but it was Scaglietti's 750 Monza, with its faired-in headrest suggesting the flowing Testa Rossa that drew attention.

Alberto Ascari was killed in the car during an impromptu testing session at Monza in 1955.

Mike Hawthorn and Umberto Maglioli piloted their 750 Monza to victory at Monza on its very first race, giving the car its name. Although they were strong on the track, the Monza was unable to hold off the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR in 1955, allowing the Germans to seize the sports car championship that Ferrari claimed in 1954.

250 Monza

See also Ferrari 250

The 750 Monza body was mated to the 3.0 L V12 to create the 250 Monza of 1954. This combination was not pursued, however.

500 TR

Ferrari 500 TR
Ferrari 500 TR
Overview
Production1954
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc)[7] Lampredi I4
Dimensions
Curb weight680 kg (1,500 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 500 Mondial
SuccessorFerrari 860 Monza

As the 750 was introduced in 1954, the smaller 500 Mondial was replaced by another two-liter car, the 500 TR. The first car to bear the famed Testa Rossa name, the 500 TR differed from the Mondial in many details. Among the most important was a coil spring suspension, a radical departure for Ferrari, as well as a synchronized transmission with a two-disc clutch. The 500 TR continued its predecessors tradition of light weight, coming in at just 680 kg (1,500 lb), and this combined with the engine's 180 hp (132 kW) [7] to bring stirring performance to the car.

Scaglietti built most of the 500 TRs, with three also constructed by Carrozzeria Touring, and the design aped the 750 Monza including the faired-in headrest.

857 S

Ferrari 857 S
Rétromobile 2011 - Ferrari 857 S - 1955 - 001
Overview
Production1955
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine3.4 L (3431.93 cc)[8]Lampredi I4
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 750 Monza
SuccessorFerrari 860 Monza

The short-lived 857 S of 1955 was an attempt to hold off the strong Mercedes-Benz team, something the 750 Monza and 118 LM/121 LM were unable to do. An existing 750 Monza chassis received an enlarged version of Lampredi's four, now displacing 3.4 L (3431.93 cc/208 in³) [8] and producing 280 hp (209 kW). The car was not competitive with the German team at the 1955 Tourist Trophy, so Lampredi went back to the drawing board for the next season.

1956

With Mercedes-Benz pulling out of international sports car racing, the 860 Monza and new 290 MM showed well throughout 1956, bringing the sports car world championship home to Modena again. This despite the fact that Jaguar's new D-Type took the crown at the newly restricted Le Mans and Maserati's 300 S took the 1000km Nürburgring race.

860 Monza

Ferrari 860 Monza
Ferrari 860 Monza Spider Scaglietti (Sinsheim)
Overview
Production1956
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine3.4 L (3431.93 cc) [9] Lampredi I4
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 857 S
SuccessorFerrari 290 MM

Although little changed on paper from the 857 S, the 1956 860 Monza was much more competitive in international sports car racing. The engine was reworked with 102 mm (4 in) by 105 mm (4.1 in) dimensions for a total of 3.4 L (3431.93 cc/209 in³),[9] though power output remained at 280 hp (209 kW). The wheelbase was lengthened by 100 mm (3.9 in) to 2,350 mm (93 in), but a new front coil spring suspension, as on the 500 TR, allowed the 100 kg (220 lb) heavier car to handle well. In 1956 Mille Miglia two 860 Monzas placed second and third overall.[10]

625 LM

Ferrari 625 LM
Ferrari 625 LM
Overview
Production1956
Body and chassis
ClassLe Mans prototype
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L (2498 cc) Lampredi I4
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 121 LM
SuccessorFerrari 335 S
Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa

After the 1955 Le Mans disaster, the ACO reduced engine size and restricted prototype entries for the 1956 24 Hours of Le Mans to control the speed and danger of the race. Ferrari could not enter its 1956 3.4 L 860 Monza and 3.5 L 290 MM in race, so it instead modified three 500 TR barchettas to take the larger 2.5 L engine, and entered them as the 625 LM. The engine was only slightly modified from the 625 F1 with compression reduced to 9:1 and two Weber 42DCOA carburettors used. Of the three, only the car of Gendebien/Trintignant finished, placing third to the privately entered Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar D-Type and a factory entered Aston Martin DB3S (both these models had been produced and sold in sufficient numbers to be classed as 'production' sports cars and therefore not subject to the 2.5 litre restriction on 'prototypes').

1957

Ferrari handed off the four-cylinder sports racer line to customers at the end of 1956, choosing to focus on its own attention on the Jano V12-powered 315 S and 335 S cars.

500 TRC

Ferrari 500 TRC
Kristianstad GP13 - Ferrari 500 TRC
Overview
Production1957
Body and chassis
ClassWSC racer
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L (1984.86 cc)[11] Lampredi I4
Dimensions
Curb weight680 kg (1,500 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 500 TR

The 1956/7 500 TRC was a massaged version of the successful 500 TR of the previous year. In keeping with the new C-section regulations, Ferrari widened the cockpit, added doors, fitted a windscreen, and even added a stowable convertible top. It rode on the longer 2,350 mm (93 in) wheelbase of the 860 Monza and featured coil springs all around, though the live axle in the rear was retained rather than the more modern de Dion tube. The car weighed only 680 kg (1,500 lb), and produced 180 hp (132 kW) [11] , making it quite capable, and even though it was never a works car, a 500 TRC was 7th overall, claiming class victory at the 1957 24 Hours of Le Mans. Another 500 TRC claimed a class win at the 1958 Targa Florio.

Monza SP1/SP2

Ferrari Monza SP1, Paris Motor Show 2018, IMG 0362
Ferrari Monza SP1 at 2018 Paris Motor Show

The Monza SP1 and SP2 are limited production sports cars inspired by the previous Monza models, such as 750 Monza and 860 Monza. It was introduced in 2018. The cars mark the start of a new lineage of models called the "Icona" series, a program aimed at creating special cars inspired by classic Ferrari models, all to be produced in limited series. The SP1 is a single seater, while the SP2 features two seats. Fewer than 500 are expected to be produced.[12]

References

  1. ^ "625 TF specifications". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  2. ^ a b "735 S specifications". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  3. ^ a b "500 Mondial specifications". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  4. ^ "Mille Miglia 1954 Race Results". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  5. ^ "1954 Ferrari 500 Mondial Pinin Farina Coupe Wins Gran Turismo Trophy at Pebble Beach 2012". gtplanet.net. 20 August 2012. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Ferrari 750 Monza". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  7. ^ a b "Ferrari 500 TR". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  8. ^ a b "Ferrari 857 S". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  9. ^ a b "Ferrari 860 Monza". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-11-08. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  10. ^ "Mille Miglia 1956 Race Results". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Ferrari 500 TRC". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  12. ^ Gastelu, Gary (2018-09-18). "Single-seat Ferrari Monza SP1 will cost seven figures". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  • Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978 1 84425 581 8.
2018 Paris Motor Show

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Ardmore Airport (New Zealand)

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Carroll Shelby

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Ferrari 812 Superfast

The Ferrari 812 Superfast (Type F152M) is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari that made its debut at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show. The 812 Superfast is the successor to the F12berlinetta.

Ferrari Jano engine

Vittorio Jano designed a new 60° V12 engine for sports car racing for Ferrari. This new engine, introduced in 1956, combined elements of both Colombo and Lampredi engines with new features. Engine architecture was more of Lampredi school but retained smaller Colombo internal measurements. Jano moved to Ferrari along with his designs for Lancia D50 in 1955 and went on to design not only a new V12 but also a family of Dino V6 engines soon after. Some of the technical ideas came from Jano's Lancia V8 DOHC engine, intended for Formula One. This family of engines replaced Lampredi inline-4s known from Ferrari Monza line and went on to win many international races and titles for Ferrari. The design team comprised Jano as well as Vittorio Bellentani, Alberto Massimino (best known for Maserati 250F), and Andrea Fraschetti.

All Jano engines used dry sump lubrication and almost all of them had two spark plugs per cylinder with four coils. Also most of them had DOHC configuration with chain-driven camshafts and two valves per cylinder.

Ferrari Monza SP

The Ferrari Monza SP1 and SP2 are limited production sports cars produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari, introduced in 2018 for the 2019 model year. The cars mark the start of a new lineage of models called the "Icona" series, a program aimed at creating special cars inspired by classic Ferrari models, all to be produced in limited series. The first cars of the new lineage are the Monza SP1 and SP2, whose designs are inspired by the 750 Monza, 250 Testarossa and 166 MM. The SP1 is a single seater, while the SP2 features two seats. Fewer than 500 are expected to be produced.

Flavio Manzoni

Flavio Manzoni (born 7 January 1965 in Nuoro, Sardinia) is an Italian architect and automobile designer. He is the Senior Vice President of Design at Ferrari.

Hillclimbing in the United States

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Italian Grand Prix

The Italian Grand Prix (Italian: Gran Premio d'Italia) is the fifth oldest national Grand Prix (after the French Grand Prix, the American Grand Prize, the Spanish Grand Prix and the Russian Grand Prix), having been held since 1921. In 2013 it became the most held (the 2018 edition was the number 88). It is one of the two Grand Prix (along with the British) which has run as an event of the Formula One World Championship Grands Prix every season, continuously since the championship was introduced in 1950. Every Formula One Italian Grand Prix in the World Championship era has been held at Monza except in 1980, when it was held at Imola.

The Italian Grand Prix counted toward the World Manufacturers' Championship from 1925 to 1928 and toward the European Championship from 1931 to 1932 and from 1935 to 1938. It was designated the European Grand Prix seven times between 1923 and 1967, when this title was an honorary designation given each year to one Grand Prix race in Europe. Four editions before the World Championship were held in Montichiari (1921), Livorno (1937), Milan (1947) and Turin (1948).

Joe Kelly (racing driver)

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Ken Wharton

Frederick Charles Kenneth Wharton (21 March 1916, Smethwick – 12 January 1957, Ardmore, Auckland, New Zealand) was a British racing driver from England. He competed in off-road trials, hillclimbs, and rallying, and also raced sports cars and single-seaters. He began racing in the new National 500cc Formula in his own special, and later acquired a Cooper. His World Championship Grand Prix debut was at the 1952 Swiss event, run to Formula 2 regulations, where he started from 13th position on the grid and finished 4th. He participated in a total of 15 World Championship Grands Prix, from which he scored 3 championship points.

In 1951 he "travelled abroad, with Peter Bell's 2-litre E.R.A., to finish 3rd overall in the Susa/Mont Cenis hill-climb and 4th overall in the Aosta/Grand Saint Bernard hill-climb. With a Cooper 500 he also competed in the German Freiburg hill-climb where he was runner-up in the 500 cc class to Stirling Moss." Wharton won the Freiburg event outright in the E.R.A. on 5 August, climbing the 7.4 miles of the Schauinsland Pass, in 8 minutes 5.33 seconds. On 19 August he was fastest at the Vue des Alpes hill-climb, with a time of 3 minutes 57.8 seconds. He won the British Hill Climb Championship every year from 1951 to 1954, and remains the only driver to have won four successive BHCC titles. Other successes with ERA R4D included winning the Brighton Speed Trials in 1954, 1955 and 1956.

Success in rallies included winning the Tulip Rally in 1949, 1950 and 1952, driving Fords. He also became British Trials Champion.

On 4 July 1954, he and Peter Whitehead won the Reims 12-hour race in a Jaguar D-Type.In 1957 Wharton was fatally injured when his Ferrari Monza crashed in a sports car race at the Ardmore Circuit in New Zealand.

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The Lamborghini Aventador (Spanish pronunciation: [aβentaˈðoɾ]) is a mid-engine sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini. In keeping with Lamborghini tradition, the Aventador is named after a fighting bull.

List of sports cars

This page is a compilation of sports cars, coupés, roadsters, supercars, hypercars, race cars, and super SUVs, both discontinued and still in production. Cars that have sport trims (such as the Honda Civic SI) will be listed under the sport trims section. Production tunes will include cars modified by outside brands and then sold. This does not include in-house brands such as Ford's Special Vehicle Team, which will be included in the main list. Some vehicles are sold under different brands, therefore some vehicles may be listed more than once but usually link to the same page. Different countries/continents may also classify vehicles differently, for example; the Toyota 86 name is known throughout most of the world. However, in Europe, it's sold as the Toyota GT86, and in the United States and Canada it's sold under the Scion marque as the Scion FR-S (at least, until 2016) and the Subaru marque as the Subaru BRZ.

Monza (disambiguation)

Monza may refer to:

Monza, a city in Lombardy, Italy

Autodromo Nazionale Monza, the city's racing circuit

A.C. Monza, the city's football team

Carlo Ignazio Monza (died 1739), Italian composer

Monza (band), a Belgian band

Monza (skipper), a genus of grass skipper butterfliesAutomobilesAlfa Romeo Monza

Chevrolet Monza:

Chevrolet Monza, a North American hatchback (H-body) (1975–1980)

Chevrolet Corvair Monza, an upscale, sporty trim line for the Corvair (1960–1969)

Chevrolet Corvair Monza GT and Monza SS, a concept/prototype sports coupe (1962) and convertible (1963)

Chevrolet Monza, a Brazilian hatchback and sedan (based on the Opel Ascona) (1982–1996)

Chevrolet Chevy Monza, a Mexican sedan (based on the Opel Corsa) (1994–2004)

Chevrolet Monza, a Chinese sedan (GM-PATAC K platform) (based on the Buick Excelle GT) (2019)

DKW Monza

Ferrari Monza

Opel Monza

Testarossa (disambiguation)

Testarossa or Testa rossa (Italian for redhead) may refer to:

Ferrari Testarossa, an Italian sports car from the 1980s and '90s

Ferrari 250 TR (Testa Rossa), an Italian sports car from the 1950s and '60s

Ferrari Monza 500 TR (Testa Rossa), an Italian race car from 1954

Fate Testarossa, a fictional character in the anime series Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha

Teletha Tessa Testarossa, a fictional character from the light novel, manga, and anime series Full Metal Panic!

Testarossa (album), a 2016 album by Yoni & Geti

"Testarossa", a song by Sir Mix-a-Lot from Mack Daddy

“Testarossa”, a dubstep song by Pantyraid

Thomas Pitt Cholmondeley-Tapper

Thomas Pitt Cholmondeley-Tapper (born in Wellington, 31 July 1910 - died in Headington, Oxfordshire, 27 July 2001) was an auto racing driver from New Zealand, the first great New Zealander auto driver before Graham McRae, Chris Amon, Bruce McLaren, Denny Hulme and others. He was known as "George", he came from Norwegian ancestry. An expert skier and amateur driver racing Bugattis, an old GP Maserati 8CM he had bought from Earl Howe, and a Ferrari Monza. He was offered a Mercedes-Benz test drive at the end of the 1936 season, and would participate at the 1936 German Grand Prix. He died in England at the age of 90.

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