Ferrari GT4

The Dino 308 GT4 and 208 GT4 (later Ferrari 308 GT4 and 208 GT4) were mid-engined V8 2+2 cars built by Ferrari. The Dino 308 GT4 was introduced in 1973 and supplemented by the 208 GT4 in 1975. The cars were sold with Dino badging (continuing the Dino brand to differentiate non-V12 Ferrari) until May 1976, when they received Ferrari badging. The GT4 was replaced by the Mondial 8 in 1980 after a production run of 2,826 308s and 840 208s.

Ferrari 308/208 GT4
1980 Ferrari 308 GT4 (20440224768)
Ferrari 308 GT4 (second series)
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledDino 308/208 GT4 2+2
Production1973–1980 (208 from 1975)
DesignerMarcello Gandini at Bertone[1]
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Body style2+2 coupé
LayoutTransverse rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related208/308 GTB and GTS
Powertrain
Engine3.0 L Dino V8 (308 GT4)
2.0 L Dino V8 (208 GT4)
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,550 mm (100.4 in)
Length4,300 mm (169.3 in)[2] or
4,488 mm (176.7 in) (U.S.)
Width1,800 mm (70.9 in)
Height1,180 mm (46.5 in)
Kerb weight1,150 kg (2,535 lb) (empty weight)
Chronology
SuccessorFerrari Mondial

Design

Dino 308GT4 GCdE
Ferrari GT4 (US)

The GT4 was a groundbreaking model for Ferrari in several ways: it was the first production Ferrari to feature the mid-engined V8 layout that would become the bulk of the company's business in the succeeding decades, and was the first production Ferrari with Bertone (rather than Pininfarina) designed bodywork. Pininfarina was upset by the decision to give cross-town rival Bertone the design, considering all they had done for Ferrari. The styling featured angular lines entirely different from its curvaceous 2-seater brother, the Dino 246, and was controversial at the time. Some journalists compared it to the Bertone-designed Lancia Stratos and Lamborghini Urraco, also penned by Marcello Gandini. From the cockpit the driver sees only the road. Enzo Ferrari himself took a major role in its design, even having a mock-up made where he could sit in the car to test different steering, pedals and cockpit seating positioning.[3]

Specifications

1975 Ferrari Dino 308 GT4 Engine US Version
US-specification engine in a 1975 Dino 308 GT4.

The chassis was a tubular spaceframe based on the Dino 246, but was stretched for a 2,550.20 mm (100.4 in)[2] wheelbase to make room for the second row of seats. The suspension was fully independent, with double wishbones, anti-roll bars, coaxial telescopic shock absorbers and coil springs on both axles. Niki Lauda helped set up the chassis.[3]

The 3.0 L (2927 cc) V8 was mounted transversally integrally joined with the 5-speed transaxle gearbox. It fitted 205/70VR14 Michelin XWX The engine had an aluminium alloy block and heads, 16-valves and dual overhead camshafts driven by toothed belts; it produced 255 hp (190 kW) in the European version and 240 hp (179 kW) in the American. The induction system used four Weber 40 DCNF carburetors.

308 GT4

The Dino 308 GT4 was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in November 1973. The 308 GT4 finally gained the "Prancing Horse" badge in May 1976, which replaced the Dino badges on the hood, wheels, rear panel and the steering wheel. This has caused major confusion over the years by owners, enthusiasts and judges. During the energy crisis at that time many prospective owners were hesitant to buy such an expensive automobile not badged "Ferrari" being confused at the significance of the Dino name. Dino was Enzo Ferrari's son who died in 1956, and his name was to honor his memory on the models it was placed.

Ferrari 308 GT4 (Crystal Palace)
Ferrari 308 GT4 at 'Motorsport at the Palace' at Crystal Palace circuit in May 2013.

In an effort to improve sales until the 1976 official re-badging, Ferrari sent out factory update #265/1 on July 1, 1975 with technical and cosmetic revisions in many areas. Some of these revisions were implemented piecemeal by dealers. Some made all the revisions while some just made a few. This leaves many 1975 GT4's with a variety of modifications which are hard to document as "correct" to aficionados who may not understand the complicated series of events surrounding this model year. Some of the revisions included adding Prancing Horse badges, repainting in the Boxer two-tone scheme (lower half painted matte black), air conditioning fixes, etc. It also included bumper modification and exhaust changes for North American versions. The Dino 308 GT4 was the only Ferrari legally imported to the US in 1975, and it was also the year Niki Lauda won the Formula One drivers championship and Ferrari won the constructors title. The GT4 was the only 2+2 Ferrari ever raced with factory support.

There were two series of GT4; the earlier cars featured a twin distributor engine and foglamps mounted in the front valance. Later cars had a single distributor engine, with foglamps mounted behind the front grille.

208 GT4

Ferrari-Dino 208-GT4 Front-view
Ferrari/Dino 208 GT4

Introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 1975, the 208 GT4 was a low-displacement version of the V8 produced for the Italian market, where cars with engines larger than two litres were subjected to a doubled VAT (38%). The engine was de-bored to (66.8x71 mm) 2.0 L (1991 cc) V8, resulting in the smallest production V8 in history for a road car.

Power output is 170 PS (125 kW) at 7700 rpm for a top speed of 137 mph (220 km/h). Smaller Weber 34 DCNF carburetors, a lower final drive ratio and skinnier tires completed the technical changes for the 208. Chrome (rather than black) accents outside and the lack of fog lights were external visual indicators of the smaller-engined GT4. Inside the 208 GT4 featured a black rather than silver dash facing.[4]

The 208 GTB replaced the 208 GT4 in 1980, after only 840 cars had been built.[5]

Notable Owners

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  2. ^ a b "Ferrari 308 GT4". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  3. ^ a b "Ferrari 308 GT4". 7 May 2007. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  4. ^ Lingner, Heinrich (July 2017). "Wir wahren Helden" [Maintaining heroes]. Motor Klassik (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motor Presse Stuttgart. p. 16. ISSN 0177-8862.
  5. ^ Lingner, p. 17
  6. ^ Bernardo, Mark (2011-12-01). Elvis Presley: Memphis. Roaring Forties Press. ISBN 9781938901003.
  7. ^ "Celebrity Drive: Original Batman Adam West talks about rolling in the Batmobile and his 'junior Bentley'". Motor Trend. 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  8. ^ Colin, Goodwin (February 2019). "Murray's Minters". Classic & Sports Car. 02/2019: 118–127.
  9. ^ TexasTV2007 (2007-02-04), Richard Hammond and his GT4, retrieved 2019-03-10

Bibliography

  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.
  • "Ferrari Dino 308 GT4". Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  • Covello, Mike (2003). Standard Catalog of Ferrari 1947–2003. Lola, WI: Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87349-497-0.
Ferrari 308

Ferrari 308 refers to a 3 liter 8-cylinder Ferrari sports car, of which there were two different models:

Ferrari GT4, a Bertone-styled 2+2 V8 successor to the Dino

Ferrari 308 GTB/GTS, a Pininfarina-styled 2-seat version of the GT4

GT4

GT4 can refer to:

Gran Turismo 4, a video game

Ferrari GT4, a car

Toyota Celica GT-Four, a sports car produced by Toyota

GT4 (tram)

GT4 European Cup, a European racing series

981 Cayman GT4, a high performance car produced by Porsche

Hidden headlamp

Hidden headlamps, also commonly known as pop-up headlamps, hideaway headlights, are a form of automotive lighting and an automotive styling feature that conceals an automobile's headlamps when they are not in use.

Depending on the design, the headlamps may be mounted in a housing that rotates so as to sit flush with the front end as on the Porsche 928, may retract into the hood and/or fenders as on the 1963–2004 Chevrolet Corvette, or may be concealed behind retractable or rotating grille panels as on the Dodge Charger, Mercury Cyclone, or the 1960s Buick Riviera, which pioneered the feature.

Marcello Gandini

Marcello Gandini (born 26 August 1938) is an Italian car designer, known for his work with the automotive design house Gruppo Bertone, including his designs of the Lamborghini Miura and Countach. Gandini, along with noted Italian car designers Giorgetto Giugiaro and Leonardo Fioravanti, were all born in 1938, within months of each other.In a 2009 interview with Robert Cumberford, editor at Automobile Magazine, Gandini indicated "his design interests are focused on vehicle architecture, construction, assembly, and mechanisms – not appearance." Gandini was one of twenty-five designers nominated for Car Designer of the Century.

Dino car timeline, 1957–1980
Type 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980
7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
6 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 206 GT 246 GT
Mid-engine spider 246 GTS
8 cylinder Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4
208 GT4
Sports prototype 196 S 246 S 166 P 206 S
296 S 206 SP
Formula Two 156 F2 166 F2
     Sold as Ferrari after 1976
« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 1960s–1990s — next »
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa (F110) 512TR F512 M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 grand tourer 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365
GTC/4
365 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
GTO
F40 F50
     Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Dino car timeline
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