The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive)(Type F151) is a grand tourer presented by Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show as a successor to the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer. It is Ferrari's first production four-wheel drive model. The body style has been described as a shooting-brake, a type of sporting hatchback/estate car with two doors. The FF has a top speed of 335 km/h (208 mph) and it accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds. Ferrari states that the FF was the world's fastest four-seat automobile upon its release to the public. The FF costs US$300,000, with 800 being produced during the first year.
Ferrari FF at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show
|Designer||Pininfarina  and Ferrari Styling Centre under Flavio Manzoni|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Grand tourer (S)|
|Body style||3-door shooting-brake|
|Layout||Front mid-engine, four-wheel-drive|
|Engine||6.3 L F140 EB V12|
|Wheelbase||2,990 mm (117.7 in)|
|Length||4,907 mm (193.2 in)|
|Width||1,953 mm (76.9 in)|
|Height||1,379 mm (54.3 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,880 kg (4,145 lb)|
|Predecessor||Ferrari 612 Scaglietti|
At the time of its reveal, the Ferrari FF had the largest road-going Ferrari engine ever produced: an F140 EB 6,262 cc (6.3 L; 382.1 cu in) naturally aspirated direct injected 65° V12, which produced 660 PS (485 kW; 651 hp) at 8,000 rpm and 683 N⋅m (504 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6000 rpm. 
The new four-wheel drive system, engineered and patented by Ferrari, is called 4RM: it is around 50% lighter than a conventional system, and provides power intelligently to each of the four wheels as needed. It functions only when the manettino dial on the steering wheel is in the "comfort" or "snow" positions, leaving the car most often in the traditional rear wheel drive layout.
This system is based around a second, simple, gearbox (gears and other components built by Carraro Engineering), taking power from the front of the engine. This gearbox (designated "power take off unit", or PTU) has only two forward gears (2nd and 4th) plus reverse (with gear ratios 6% taller than the corresponding ratios in the main gearbox), so the system is only active in 1st to 4th gears. The connection between this gearbox and each front wheel is via independent Haldex-type clutches, without a differential. Due to the difference in ratios "the clutches continually slip" and only transmit, at most, 20% of the engine's torque. A detailed description of the system (based on a conversation with Roberto Fedeli, Ferrari's technical director) has been published.
The FF shares the design language of contemporary Ferraris, including the pulled-back headlights of the 458 Italia, and the twin circular taillights seen on the 458 as well as the 599 GTB Fiorano. Designed under the direction of Lowie Vermeersch, former Design Director at Pininfarina, and Flavio Manzoni, Ferrari’s Styling Centre, work on the shooting brake concept initially started following the creation of the Sintesi show car of 2007. Distinctive styling elements include a large egg-crate grille, defined side skirts, and four exhaust tips. The shooting brake configuration is a departure from the conventional wedge shape of modern Ferraris, and the FF has been likened to the similarly-shaped 1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo race car.
The combination of hatchback-like shooting-brake design and collapsible rear seats gives the Ferrari FF a boot capacity of between 450 litres (16 cu ft) to 800 litres (28 cu ft). Luxury is the main element of the interior and the use of Leather is incorporated throughout, just like the predecessors of the FF. Creature comforts like premium air conditioning, GPS navigation system, carpeting and sound system are also used.
The Ferrari SP FFX, introduced in 2014, is a one-off based on the FF. Its most notable feature is its custom body that features a more traditional coupé rear end in place of the FF's shooting-brake tail. The car was commissioned by a customer in Japan and was built by Ferrari's special vehicles division. Originally, when patent drawings surfaced online many sources thought the SP FFX was the design for the next generation Ferrari California.
Its shooting brake body style, distinguished by a slightly squared-off rear end, casts the FF’s rear quarters in closer stylistic company with cars like the Alfa Romeo Brera hatchback or the BMW Z3 Coupe
The car is a shooting brake, which was conceived to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs. While the name has been loosely applied to station wagons in general, the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars from the likes of Aston Martin, Bentley, Jaguar and Rolls-Royce.
CarPlay is an Apple standard that enables a car radio or head unit to be a display and also act as a controller for an iOS device. It is available on all iPhone 5 and later models with at least iOS 7.1.
According to Apple's website, all major vehicle manufacturers are partnering with CarPlay. CarPlay can also be retrofitted to most vehicles with aftermarket vehicle audio hardware.Chris Harris (journalist)
Christopher James "Chris" Harris (born 20 January 1975 in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire) is a British automotive journalist, racing driver and television presenter. Harris has worked as a reviewer, writer and editor for many automotive magazines, both in print and digital, including Evo, Autocar and Jalopnik. He has presented numerous television and YouTube series through NBCSN and DRIVE.
From 2017, Harris has been one of the three main presenters of Top Gear, after previously making regular appearances throughout the twenty-third series in 2016. He has his own YouTube Channel, Chris Harris on Cars, in which he and Neil Carey produce and film their own automotive reviews and content. On 28 June 2016, the Chris Harris on Cars web series was moved from YouTube to the official Top Gear website and in July 2016, Chris Harris on Cars was launched on BBC America.Dubai Police Force
The Dubai Police Force (Arabic: القيادة العامة لشرطة دبي) is the 15,000 strong police force for the city of Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. They come under the jurisdiction of the ruler of Dubai, and they cover an area of 4,114 square kilometres and a population of 2.8 million people.Ferrari 408 4RM
The Ferrari 408 4RM is a prototype car built by Ferrari in 1987. It was the first Ferrari to feature 4-wheel drive.Ferrari 612 Scaglietti
The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti (Italian pronunciation: [skaʎˈʎetti])(Type F137) is a 2+2 coupé grand tourer manufactured by Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari between 2004 and 2010. It was designed to replace the smaller 456; its larger size makes it a true 4 seater with adequate space in the rear seats for adults.
The design, especially the large side scallops and the headlights, pays homage to the coach built 1954 Ferrari 375 MM that director Roberto Rossellini had commissioned for his wife, Ingrid Bergman.Ferrari F140 engine
The F140 engine family is a series of 65° DOHC V12 petrol engines produced by Ferrari since 2002, and used in both Ferrari and Maserati cars. This engine was derived from the already extant Ferrari/Maserati V8.
In the Enzo Ferrari, it set the record for the most powerful naturally aspirated engine in a road car. The 5998 cc engine, designed for the Enzo, is known within Ferrari as the Tipo F140B, whereas the very similar Tipo F140C engine displaces 5999 cc and was designed for the 599 as the most powerful series-production Ferrari engine, a trend that has continued with the F12 and 812. This engine is also used in Maserati Birdcage 75th. For Tipo F140EB displacement was enlarged to 6262 cc and debuted in FF. Latest enlargement saw Tipo F140GA at 6496 cc and is now used in 812.Ferrari GTC4Lusso
The Ferrari GTC4Lusso (Type F151M) is a four-seat grand tourer produced by Italian car manufacturer Ferrari. The Ferrari GTC4Lusso is a successor to the Ferrari FF.Flavio Manzoni
Flavio Manzoni (born 7 January 1965 in Nuoro, Sardinia) is an Italian architect and automobile designer. He is the Senior Vice President of Design at Ferrari.Four-wheel drive
Four-wheel drive, also called 4×4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously. It may be full-time or on-demand, and is typically linked via a transfer case providing an additional output drive-shaft and, in many instances, additional gear ranges.
A four-wheeled vehicle with torque supplied to both axles is described as "all-wheel drive" (AWD). However, "four-wheel drive" typically refers to a set of specific components and functions, and intended off-road application, which generally complies with modern use of the terminology.Invincible (Two Steps from Hell album)
Invincible is the first public album by the group Two Steps From Hell, and was released in May 2010. It consists of 22 tracks written by composers Thomas J. Bergersen and Nick Phoenix. All the tracks, apart from "Am I Not Human?" and "To Glory" (both of which were later released on the album Nero), are from their previous releases. The album also features modified versions of "Freedom Fighters" and "Undying Love" from the Legend album.Lowie Vermeersch
Lowie Vermeersch (born May 9, 1974) is a Flemish designer, part of the third generation of a prominent artistic family. He is the Founder & Creative Director of GranStudio in Turin, Italy.
Previously, he held the position of Design Director at Pininfarina. In 2010, Automobile Magazine ranked him number 12 in the list of "World's 25 Most Influential Car Designers".Magna PT
Magna PT, known until 2018 as GETRAG (German: [ɡəˈtʁaːk]), is the world's largest supplier of transmission systems for passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The company was founded on 1 May 1935, in Ludwigsburg, Germany, by Hermann Hagenmeyer; as the Getriebe und Zahnradfabrik Hermann Hagenmeyer GmbH & Cie KG.Headquartered in Untergruppenbach in Germany, Magna PT manufactures and develops passenger car transmission products and solutions for the important automotive markets Europe, Asia and North America with 24 locations and about 12,500 employees worldwide. In 2011, the company had a turnover of three billion euros.The company has three joint ventures: Getrag Ford Transmissions headquartered in Cologne with Ford Motor Company, Getrag (Jiangxi) Transmission Co. Ltd. with Jiangling Motors Corporation., Ltd. and Dongfeng Getrag Transmission with Dongfeng Motor Corporation. In addition, Magna PT supplies transmissions to a variety of automotive manufacturers, including BMW (Mini), Daimler AG, Ferrari, Mitsubishi, Porsche, Qoros, Renault, Volkswagen Group and Volvo. Competitors include Aisin Seiki, BorgWarner, Graziano Trasmissioni and ZF Friedrichshafen.
The portfolio ranges from classical manual transmissions, automated manual transmissions and automatic transmissions based on dual-clutch transmission (DCT) technology to various hybridization solutions, range extender systems and purely electric drivetrains.
In July 2015, Magna bought Getrag for 1.9 billion dollars and then renamed to Magna PTMagneRide
MagneRide is an automotive adaptive suspension with magnetorheological damper system developed by the Delphi Automotive corporation and now owned by Beijing West Industries (BWI) that uses magnetically controlled dampers, or shock absorbers, for a highly adaptive ride. As opposed to traditional suspension systems, MagneRide has no mechanical valves or small moving parts that can wear out. This system consists of four monotube dampers, one on each corner of the vehicle, a sensor set, and an ECU (electronic control unit) to maintain the system.Mid-engine design
A mid-engine layout describes the placement of an automobile engine between the rear and front axlesShooting-brake
Shooting-brake is a term for car body style which originated in the 1890s as a horse-drawn wagon used to transport shooting parties with their equipment and game.The first automotive shooting brakes were manufactured in the early 1900s in the United Kingdom. The vehicle style became popular in England during the 1920s and 1930s, and was produced by vehicle manufacturers or as conversions by coachbuilders. The term was used in Britain interchangeably with estate car from the 1930s, but has not been in general use for many years and has been more or less superseded by the latter term.
Since the 1960s, the term has evolved, describing cars combining elements of both station wagon and coupé body styles, both with or without reference to the historical usage for shooting parties. During the 1960s and early 1970s, several high end European manufacturers produced two-door shooting brake versions of their sports cars.
Since the beginning of 2010s, the first production cars marketed as shooting-brakes are the 2012 Mercedes-Benz CLS and the 2018 Porsche Panamera Sport Turismo.Top Gear (series 18)
The eighteenth series of Top Gear was aired during 2012 on BBC Two and BBC HD and consisted of 7 episodes, beginning on 29 January and concluding on 11 March. The series was preceded by a full-length, special edition episode that was aired on 28 December 2011 and entitled the "India Special", while later on 29 October 2012, Richard Hammond hosted a special-edition episode that coincided with the Bond film series' 50th Anniversary, entitled "50 Years of Bond Cars". In addition, the BBC Children in Need 2012 special featured its own version of the show's segment, "Star in a Reasonably Priced Car", between three of the BBC's newsreaders.Transaxle
A transaxle is a single mechanical device which combines the functions of an automobile's transmission, axle, and differential into one integrated assembly. It can be produced in both manual and automatic versions.Ultimate Factories
Ultimate Factories, also known as Megafactories in non-US markets, is an American documentary television series that premiered in 2006 on the National Geographic Channel. The program explores the inner workings of factories worldwide. Each episode profiles the machinery and manpower behind each factory's main product, featuring close-ups, breakdowns, interviews, and side stories to show the sequence of events to produce the product in the factory. Hoff Productions was one of the principal producers of this highly successful series.
« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 2000–present
|Challenge Stradale||430 Scuderia||458 Speciale||488 Pista|
|2+2 grand tourer||GTC4Lusso T|
|V12||Grand tourer||550 Maranello||575M Maranello||599 GTB Fiorano||F12berlinetta||812 Superfast|
|550 Barchetta||Superamerica||599 SA Aperta/599 GTO||F60 America/F12tdf|
|2+2 grand tourer||456M||612 Scaglietti||FF||GTC4Lusso|
|XX Programmes||FXX||599XX||599XX Evoluzione||FXX K||FXX K Evo|
|Ferrari Icona||Monza SP|