Ferrari FF

The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive)(Type F151) is a grand tourer[5] presented by Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show as a successor to the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer.[1] It is Ferrari's first production four-wheel drive model.[5] The body style has been described as a shooting-brake,[6] a type of sporting hatchback/estate car with two doors.[7] The FF has a top speed of 335 km/h (208 mph) and it accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds.[4][8] Ferrari states that the FF was the world's fastest four-seat automobile[9] upon its release to the public. The FF costs US$300,000,[10] with 800 being produced during the first year.[11]

Ferrari FF
2013-03-05 Geneva Motor Show 8053
Ferrari FF at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production2011–2016
2,291 produced
AssemblyMaranello, Italy
DesignerPininfarina [1] and Ferrari Styling Centre under Flavio Manzoni
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer (S)
Body style3-door shooting-brake
LayoutFront mid-engine, four-wheel-drive[2]
Powertrain
Engine6.3 L F140 EB V12
Transmission7-speed dual-clutch
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,990 mm (117.7 in)[3]
Length4,907 mm (193.2 in)[3][4]
Width1,953 mm (76.9 in)[3][4]
Height1,379 mm (54.3 in)[3][4]
Kerb weight1,880 kg (4,145 lb)[3][4]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 612 Scaglietti
SuccessorFerrari GTC4Lusso
Ferrari FF Autosalon Genf
Ferrari FF Concept presented at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show

Specifications

Engine

At the time of its reveal, the Ferrari FF had the largest road-going Ferrari engine ever produced: an F140 EB 6,262 cc (6.3 L; 382.1 cu in) naturally aspirated direct injected 65° V12, which produced 660 PS (485 kW; 651 hp) at 8,000 rpm and 683 N⋅m (504 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6000 rpm. [8]

Transmission

The FF is equipped with a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission and paddle shift system similar to the California, the 458 Italia, and the Ferrari F12berlinetta.[2][12]

Four wheel drive system

Ferrari FF 1
The FF's suspension and braking system along with the V12 engine

The new four-wheel drive system, engineered and patented by Ferrari, is called 4RM:[13] it is around 50% lighter than a conventional system, and provides power intelligently to each of the four wheels as needed.[1] It functions only when the manettino dial on the steering wheel is in the "comfort" or "snow" positions, leaving the car most often in the traditional rear wheel drive layout.[14]

Ferrari's first use of 4RM was in a prototype created in the end of the 80s, called 408 4RM (abbreviation of "4.0 liter, 8 cylinder, 4 Ruote Motrici", meaning "four-wheel drive").[15][16]

This system is based around a second, simple, gearbox (gears and other components built by Carraro Engineering), taking power from the front of the engine. This gearbox (designated "power take off unit", or PTU) has only two forward gears (2nd and 4th) plus reverse (with gear ratios 6% taller than the corresponding ratios in the main gearbox), so the system is only active in 1st to 4th gears. The connection between this gearbox and each front wheel is via independent Haldex-type clutches, without a differential.[17] Due to the difference in ratios "the clutches continually slip"[18] and only transmit, at most, 20% of the engine's torque. A detailed description of the system (based on a conversation with Roberto Fedeli, Ferrari's technical director) has been published.[14]

Design

Exterior

Ferrari FF - Flickr - Alexandre Prévot (1) (cropped)
rear three-quarters view

The FF shares the design language of contemporary Ferraris, including the pulled-back headlights of the 458 Italia, and the twin circular taillights seen on the 458 as well as the 599 GTB Fiorano. Designed under the direction of Lowie Vermeersch, former Design Director at Pininfarina, and Flavio Manzoni, Ferrari’s Styling Centre,[19] work on the shooting brake concept initially started following the creation of the Sintesi show car of 2007.[20] Distinctive styling elements include a large egg-crate grille, defined side skirts, and four exhaust tips. The shooting brake configuration is a departure from the conventional wedge shape of modern Ferraris, and the FF has been likened to the similarly-shaped 1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo race car.

Interior

Ferarri ferrari ff red (6893805907)

The combination of hatchback-like shooting-brake design and collapsible rear seats gives the Ferrari FF a boot capacity of between 450 litres (16 cu ft) to 800 litres (28 cu ft).[2] Luxury is the main element of the interior and the use of Leather is incorporated throughout, just like the predecessors of the FF. Creature comforts like premium air conditioning, GPS navigation system, carpeting and sound system are also used.

Awards

  • Car and Driver China magazine gives the FF the title of “Most Beautiful Super Car 2011” at the Shanghai Auto Show.[21]
  • Oriental TV nominated the FF “Most Popular Imported Car Model at 2011 Shanghai Auto Show”.[21]
  • The FF won Top Gear magazine's "Estate Car of the Year 2011" award.
  • The FF won Top Gear Indian magazine's "Luxury Car of The Year 2012" award.[22]
  • According to Friday, 31 May 2013 US Department of Energy, Ferrari FF, 12 cyl., 6.3 L, Auto (AM7) is 2013 Least Fuel Efficient Car in the midsize class (the same position as the Bentley Mulsanne 8 cyl., 6.8 L, Auto (S8)), with 13 mpg‑US (18 L/100 km) [23]

One-offs and specials

Ferrari SP FFX

The Ferrari SP FFX, introduced in 2014, is a one-off based on the FF. Its most notable feature is its custom body that features a more traditional coupé rear end in place of the FF's shooting-brake tail.[24] The car was commissioned by a customer in Japan and was built by Ferrari's special vehicles division. Originally, when patent drawings surfaced online many sources thought the SP FFX was the design for the next generation Ferrari California.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b c "21.01.2011 Ferrari offers a first look at its shock new four seater". italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  2. ^ a b c "Four-wheel-drive Ferrari shooting brake revealed". topgear.com. BBC Top Gear. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ferrari FF specification". Retrieved 2014-05-02.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Ferrari's fantastic four-wheel-drive FF flagship four-seat fastback". autoblog.com. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
  5. ^ a b "Geneva debut of the uniquely powerful and versatile FF, Ferrari's first four-seater, four-wheel drive car". ferrari.com. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  6. ^ Jonathon Shultz (21 January 2011), "Ferrari FF, an All-Wheel-Drive Shooting Brake", New York Times, Its shooting brake body style, distinguished by a slightly squared-off rear end, casts the FF’s rear quarters in closer stylistic company with cars like the Alfa Romeo Brera hatchback or the BMW Z3 Coupe
  7. ^ William Diem (26 November 2006), "The Shooting Brake makes a comeback", New York Times, The car is a shooting brake, which was conceived to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs. While the name has been loosely applied to station wagons in general, the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars from the likes of Aston Martin, Bentley, Jaguar and Rolls-Royce.
  8. ^ a b "Ferrari FF Powertrain". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
  9. ^ Vettraino, J.P. (May 2, 2011). "Shout it from the Mountaintops". AutoWeek. 61 (9): 27–30.
  10. ^ Neil, Dan (April 2, 2011). "The Coolest Ferrari Ever—Drive Carefully". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  11. ^ DeLorenzo, Matt (June 2011). "2012 Ferrari FF: A Ferrari for all seasons". Road & Track. 62 (10): 32, 34. Archived from the original on 2011-03-26.
  12. ^ "Ferrari FF". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
  13. ^ "FF 4RM". Retrieved 2015-12-04.
  14. ^ a b Jason Kavanagh (March 11, 2011). "IL Geek-Out: Ferrari FF 4RM All Wheel-Drive System". Edmund's Inside Line. Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  15. ^ "408 4RM". ferrari.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  16. ^ "Revealed! The 2012 Ferrari FF - First Look". roadandtrack.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  17. ^ Andrew English (24 March 2011). "Ferrari FF review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  18. ^ Dan Strong (March 2011). "Ferrari FF". Autoexpress. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  19. ^ Designboom. "ferrari FF production line tour + flavio manzoni interview". Designboom. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Ferrari’s new FF shooting brake". Car Design News Live. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  21. ^ a b "FF Shangai". Retrieved 2015-12-04.
  22. ^ "Top Gear India". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
  23. ^ "2017 Best and Worst MPG Cars". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  24. ^ "One-off Ferrari SP FFX unveiled | Autocar". www.autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  25. ^ "First Look At Latest One-Off Ferrari, The SP FFX". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2018-03-23.

External links

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Christopher James "Chris" Harris (born 20 January 1975 in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire) is a British automotive journalist, racing driver and television presenter. Harris has worked as a reviewer, writer and editor for many automotive magazines, both in print and digital, including Evo, Autocar and Jalopnik. He has presented numerous television and YouTube series through NBCSN and DRIVE.

From 2017, Harris has been one of the three main presenters of Top Gear, after previously making regular appearances throughout the twenty-third series in 2016. He has his own YouTube Channel, Chris Harris on Cars, in which he and Neil Carey produce and film their own automotive reviews and content. On 28 June 2016, the Chris Harris on Cars web series was moved from YouTube to the official Top Gear website and in July 2016, Chris Harris on Cars was launched on BBC America.

Dubai Police Force

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Ferrari 408 4RM

The Ferrari 408 4RM is a prototype car built by Ferrari in 1987. It was the first Ferrari to feature 4-wheel drive.

Ferrari 612 Scaglietti

The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti (Italian pronunciation: [skaʎˈʎetti])(Type F137) is a 2+2 coupé grand tourer manufactured by Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari between 2004 and 2010. It was designed to replace the smaller 456; its larger size makes it a true 4 seater with adequate space in the rear seats for adults.

The design, especially the large side scallops and the headlights, pays homage to the coach built 1954 Ferrari 375 MM that director Roberto Rossellini had commissioned for his wife, Ingrid Bergman.

Ferrari F140 engine

The F140 engine family is a series of 65° DOHC V12 petrol engines produced by Ferrari since 2002, and used in both Ferrari and Maserati cars. This engine was derived from the already extant Ferrari/Maserati V8.

In the Enzo Ferrari, it set the record for the most powerful naturally aspirated engine in a road car. The 5998 cc engine, designed for the Enzo, is known within Ferrari as the Tipo F140B, whereas the very similar Tipo F140C engine displaces 5999 cc and was designed for the 599 as the most powerful series-production Ferrari engine, a trend that has continued with the F12 and 812. This engine is also used in Maserati Birdcage 75th. For Tipo F140EB displacement was enlarged to 6262 cc and debuted in FF. Latest enlargement saw Tipo F140GA at 6496 cc and is now used in 812.

Ferrari GTC4Lusso

The Ferrari GTC4Lusso (Type F151M) is a four-seat grand tourer produced by Italian car manufacturer Ferrari. The Ferrari GTC4Lusso is a successor to the Ferrari FF.

Flavio Manzoni

Flavio Manzoni (born 7 January 1965 in Nuoro, Sardinia) is an Italian architect and automobile designer. He is the Senior Vice President of Design at Ferrari.

Four-wheel drive

Four-wheel drive, also called 4×4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously. It may be full-time or on-demand, and is typically linked via a transfer case providing an additional output drive-shaft and, in many instances, additional gear ranges.

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Lowie Vermeersch

Lowie Vermeersch (born May 9, 1974) is a Flemish designer, part of the third generation of a prominent artistic family. He is the Founder & Creative Director of GranStudio in Turin, Italy.

Previously, he held the position of Design Director at Pininfarina. In 2010, Automobile Magazine ranked him number 12 in the list of "World's 25 Most Influential Car Designers".

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The portfolio ranges from classical manual transmissions, automated manual transmissions and automatic transmissions based on dual-clutch transmission (DCT) technology to various hybridization solutions, range extender systems and purely electric drivetrains.

In July 2015, Magna bought Getrag for 1.9 billion dollars and then renamed to Magna PT

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Mid-engine design

A mid-engine layout describes the placement of an automobile engine between the rear and front axles

Shooting-brake

Shooting-brake is a term for car body style which originated in the 1890s as a horse-drawn wagon used to transport shooting parties with their equipment and game.The first automotive shooting brakes were manufactured in the early 1900s in the United Kingdom. The vehicle style became popular in England during the 1920s and 1930s, and was produced by vehicle manufacturers or as conversions by coachbuilders. The term was used in Britain interchangeably with estate car from the 1930s, but has not been in general use for many years and has been more or less superseded by the latter term.

Since the 1960s, the term has evolved, describing cars combining elements of both station wagon and coupé body styles, both with or without reference to the historical usage for shooting parties. During the 1960s and early 1970s, several high end European manufacturers produced two-door shooting brake versions of their sports cars.

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