Ferrari F355

The Ferrari F355 (Type F129) is a sports car manufactured by Italian car manufacturer Ferrari produced from May 1994 to 1999. The car is a heavily revised Ferrari 348 with notable exterior and performance changes. The F355 was succeeded by the all-new Ferrari 360.

Design emphasis for the F355 was placed on significantly improved performance, as well as drivability across a wider range of speeds and in different environments (such as low-speed city traffic.)[1]

Ferrari F355
Ferrari F355 in front of the ArsDigita offices taken by Hans Masing in July 2000
Ferrari F355 Berlinetta
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1994–1999
11,273 produced
Model years1995–1999
AssemblyMaranello, Italy
DesignerPininfarina
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door berlinetta
2-door targa top
2-door spider
LayoutLongitudinal, Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine3.5 L 5V DOHC F129 B/C V8
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,451 mm (96.5 in)
Length4,249 mm (167.3 in)
Width1,900 mm (75 in)
Height1,171 mm (46.1 in)
Curb weight1,483–1,497 kg (3,270–3,300 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 348
SuccessorFerrari 360

Specifications

Ferrari F355 engine
The Tipo F129B V8 Engine
Ferrari - Dunsfold Wings and Wheels 2014 (15069911652)
The side profile of the Ferrari F355

Apart from the displacement increase from 3.4 L (3,405 cc) to 3.5 L (3,495 cc), the major difference between the V8 engine in the 348 and F355 is the introduction of a 5-valve cylinder head. This new head design allowed for better intake permeability and resulted in an engine that was considerably more powerful, generating a maximum power output 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp) at 8,250 rpm and 363 N⋅m (268 lb⋅ft) of at 6,000 rpm.[1] The longitudinally mounted 90° V8 engine was stroked by 2 mm over the 348's engine (77 mm rather than 75 mm), resulting in the small increase in displacement. Engine internals are produced using lightweight materials; the connecting rods are forged in Ti6-Al-4V titanium alloy. The engine's compression ratio is 11:1 and employs the Bosch Motronic 2.7 engine control unit in the 1995 model year, later changed to the M5.2 in 1996 through end of production. The Motronic system controls the electronic fuel injection and ignition systems, with a single spark plug per cylinder. Engine lubrication is via a dry sump oiling system.

The frame is a steel monocoque with tubular steel rear sub-frame with front and rear suspensions using independent, unequal-length wishbones, coil springs over gas-filled telescopic shock absorbers with electronic control servos and anti-roll bars. The car allows selection between two damper settings, "Comfort" and "Sport". The road-going models came with Pirelli tyres, size 225/40ZR 18 at the front and 265/40 ZR 18 at the rear. Although the F355 was equipped with power-assisted steering (intended to improve low-speed drivability relative to the outgoing 348), this could optionally be replaced with a manual steering rack setup by special order.[1]

Aerodynamics for the car included over 1,300 hours of wind tunnel analysis. The car incorporates a nolder profile on the upper portion of the tail, and a fairing on the underbody that generates downforce when the car is at speed.[1]

The car's standard seats are upholstered with hides from Connolly Leather, and are fitted asymmetrically in the car; this results in the driver being slightly closer to the car's center line than the passenger.

At launch, the only model available was the Berlinetta (coupé version) priced at US$130,000 (£78,000). The Spider (convertible version), priced at US$137,000 (£82,500) and the GTS (targa top model) were introduced in 1995. In 1997, the Formula One style paddle shift electrohydraulic manual transmission was introduced, with the model equipped with the new transmission being called the Ferrari 355 F1[2] (note the dropping of the F before the 355) adding £6,000 to the dealer asking price. The F355 was the last in the series of mid-engine Ferrari models with the Flying Buttress rear window, a lineage going back to the 1965 Dino 206 GT, unveiled at the Paris Auto Show.

The nomenclature does not follow the formula from the previous decades, i.e., engine capacity (in litres) followed by number of cylinders (e.g. 246 = 2.4 liters, 6 cylinders, 308 = 3.0 liters, 8 cylinders, etc.). In naming the F355, Ferrari used engine capacity followed by the number of valves per cylinder (355 = 3.5 litres engine capacity and 5 valves per cylinder) to bring the performance advances introduced by a 5-valve per cylinder configuration into the forefront.

Variants

F355 Berlinetta

Ferrari 355 (930042432)
Ferrari F355 Berlinetta

The Berlinetta was introduced in May 1994, as the first in a successful series of F355 models. Initially, the 6-speed manual was the only transmission available. However, in 1997, the Berlinetta was the first-ever road car to be equipped with the innovative F1-style gearbox management system. Derived directly from Formula 1, where it made its debut in 1989 resulting in a win at the Brazilian Grand Prix, the electro-hydraulic system was operated by paddles behind the steering wheel using the F355's conventional 6-speed manual gearbox. The new transmission guaranteed faster gear changes, with the additional advantage that both of the driver's hands could stay on the wheel at all times.[1]

Ferrari produced 4,871 road-going Berlinetta models during the entire production run, of which 3,829 were equipped with the 6-speed manual and 1,042 with F1 transmissions.

F355 Spider

Wdog Ferrari.jpeg
1997 Ferrari F355 Spider - Flickr - The Car Spy (3)
Ferrari F355 Spider

The F355 Spider debuted in 1995, its Pininfarina-penned lines honed by 1,800 hours[3] in the wind tunnel, resulted in a blend of elegant style and aerodynamic performance. For the first time on a Ferrari automobile, the semi-automatic soft-top was powered electronically. Initially, the Spider was offered with the 6-speed manual transmission. In 1997, the Spider was offered with the F1 transmission available as an option. The Spider proved to be the second-most popular F355 model, with a total production of 3,717 units, of which 2,664 were produced with the 6-speed manual transmission and 1,053 were produced with the F1 transmission.

F355 GTS

Ferrari 355 F1 GTS - Flickr - The Car Spy (23)
Ferrari F355 GTS (with the hard top removed)
Ferrari 355 F1 GTS - Flickr - The Car Spy (15)
Interior with paddle shift F1 electrohydraulic manual transmission

In 1995, Ferrari introduced the GTS model to the F355 family. The GTS model was based on the Berlinetta but offered a removable "targa-style" hard top roof, which could be stored behind the seats. Other specifications were identical to the Berlinetta. A total of 2,577 GTS models were produced, with 2,048 delivered with the 6-speed manual transmission and another 529 with the F1 transmission. This was the last production targa body style model produced by Ferrari until the La Ferrari Aperta.

F355 Challenge

1995 Ferrari F335 Challenge
Ferrari, Techno-Classica 2018, Essen (IMG 9374)
Ferrari F355 Challenge

In 1995, Ferrari introduced a race-ready F355 Challenge model for use specifically in the Ferrari Challenge race series.[4] The Ferrari F355 Challenge model was developed by starting with a standard Ferrari F355 Berlinetta and modifying it with a US$30,000 factory-to-dealer supplied kit. The initial 1995 cars came with factory fitted cage mounts and without carpets. Each year, the cars arrived with more and more factory fitted race parts, culminating in 1998 with full-evolution cars which were supplied as virtually complete race cars except of some parts such as the rear wing, which still needed to be fitted by the dealer.

The kit initially was more substantial than the 348 Challenge and the engine, gearbox and shock-absorbers were sealed with special tags to prevent unauthorised modifications. The kit included the following components/modifications:[5]

  • Roll-cage
  • Racing bucket seats
  • Safety harnesses
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Engine cut-off switch
  • Manual radiator fan control and upgraded fans
  • Competition steering wheel
  • Lightweight exhaust
  • Rear wing
  • Competition clutch
  • Upgraded 14" Brembo brakes (carried over from the F40)
  • 18" Speedline magnesium wheels
  • Pirelli racing slicks
  • Solid suspension bushings and competition springs
  • Front and Rear brake cooling ducts
  • Challenge black perforated rear grille (halfway through the 1995 season to get extra air through the engine-bay)
  • Lightened front bumper
  • Front and rear tow hooks

The F355 Challenge shares the same engine and physical dimensions as the standard F355 Berlinetta. 108 cars in total were produced, all of which were equipped with the 6-speed manual transmission. Although some sources indicate that over 300 cars were subject to the Challenge conversion, yet this claim remains unproven. There were 18 RHD cars imported by Ferrari UK and modified by MHT. A further 10 were sold to the rest of the RHD markets. Making the total number to only 28 RHD models. These RHD models become extremely rare and valuable. Some of these rare cars are located in Indonesia, Australia, Japan and only one known example in South Africa. Each F355 Challenge has an emblem on the rear that specifically denotes 'F355 Challenge'.

Limited Edition Fiorano

For the 1999 model year, Ferrari introduced a limited production of F355 Spider models designated, "Serie Fiorano". Launched in March 1999, this limited production run of 100 planned units (104 actually produced) included a number of enhancements increasing the track performance much closer to the Challenge versions:[6]

  • Competizione-derived Fiorano suspension pack, featuring wide track, stiffer springs, a thicker anti-roll bar
  • Drilled and ventilated brake discs and competition brake pads
  • Competizione-sourced steering rack
  • Challenge rear grilles and enamelled Scuderia Ferrari shields
  • Carbon-fibre inserts (normally only available as expensive special order options): centre console, door sills and paddle shifters
  • Suede-covered steering wheel

There were 100 Serie Fiorano units delivered to the U.S. market, 74 with the F1 transmission and 26 with the 6-speed manual. An additional 4 units were produced beyond the planned production for the U.S., with only 3 European models and one unit destined for South Africa. The American units were delivered with a numbered plaque affixed to the dashboard while the 3 Fioranos delivered to Europe had no numbered plaque.

Serie Fiorano Chassis Numbers

  • 355 spider Fiorano F1 (US model) 74 ex (sn 115426 - 116521)
  • 355 spider Fiorano manual (US model) 26 ex (sn 116291 - 116576)
  • 355 spider Fiorano (EURO model) 3 ex (sn 115624 - 116489)
  • 355 spider Fiorano (South Africa model) 1 ex (sn 115624 - 116489)

Performance

Manufacturer Performance Claims [7]

  • Max. power: 380 PS (375 hp; 279 kW) at 8,250 rpm [8]
  • Specific output: 107.2 HP/L
  • Max. torque: 363 N⋅m (268 lb⋅ft) at 6,000 rpm [8]
  • 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph): 4.7 seconds[8]
  • 0–160 km/h (0–100 mph): 10.8 seconds[9]
  • Quarter Mile: 12.9 seconds[8]
  • 0–1,000 m: 23.7 seconds[8]
  • Top speed: 295 km/h (183 mph)[7] (past redline limit)

Independently Tested Performance [10]

  • 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph): 4.5 sec
  • 0 to 161 km/h (100 mph): 11.2 seconds
  • 0 to 209 km/h (130 mph): 19.1 seconds
  • Rolling start, 8–97 km/h (5–60 mph): 5.5 seconds
  • Top gear, 48–80 km/h (30–50 mph): 7.9 seconds
  • Top gear, 80–113 km/h (50–70 mph): 8.2 seconds
  • Standing ¼-mile: 13.0 seconds at 177 km/h (110 mph)
  • Top speed (redline limited): 274 km/h (170 mph)
  • Braking, 113 km/h (70 mph)–0: 156 ft (48 m)
  • Roadholding, 300-ft-diameter skidpad: 0.98 g

Production

Total production of 11,273 units made the F355 the most-produced Ferrari at the time. This sales record would be surpassed by its successor, the 360 and later, the F430.

Recall

In November 2009, Ferrari recalled about 2,400 1995–99 355s and 355F1s in the United States because of improperly placed screw clamps that could damage the fuel-supply pipes and allow fuel to leak into the engine compartment. Ferrari learned of the problem when it was sued over a fire involving an injury to a driver.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Alfieri, Bruno (1998). Ferrari F355. Automobilia. ISBN 88-7960-087-7.
  2. ^ Pund, Daniel. "Inside Line: News, Road Tests, Auto Shows, Car Photos and Videos". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  3. ^ "Ferrari.com - F355 Spider". ferrari.com. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  4. ^ "1996 Ferrari F355 Challenge". conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  5. ^ "Ferrari F355 Challenge - European Super Car". motortrend.com. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  6. ^ "1999 Ferrari F355 Spider Serie Fiorano". Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  7. ^ a b Covelllo, Mike (2003-06-01). Standard Catalog of Ferrari 1947-2003. Krause Publications. ISBN 1440227969.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Ferrari.com - F355 Berlinetta". ferrari.com. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  9. ^ "ferrariworld.com/Cars/Yesterday/F355 GTS". ferrariworld.com. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  10. ^ "Ferrari F355 Archived Test – Review – Car and Driver". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  11. ^ Jensen, Christopher (November 27, 2009). "Ferrari's Unusual Recall". The New York Times. Wheels (blog).
  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.

External links

1996 BPR 4 Hours of Monza

The 1996 BPR 4 Hours of Monza was the second race of the 1996 BPR Global GT Series. It was run at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza on 24 March 1996.

1996 BPR Global GT Series

The 1996 BPR International Endurance GT Series was the third season of BPR Global GT Series. It is a series for Grand Touring style cars broken into two classes based on power and manufacturer involvement, called GT1 and GT2. It began on 3 March 1996 and ended 3 November 1996 after 11 races. After the end of the season, two promotional races were held in Brazil, in the circuits of Curitiba (8 December 1996) and Brasília (16 December 1996).

This was the final season of the BPR series before it came under the control of the FIA to become the FIA GT Championship in 1997. This was also the first year that the classes of competitors were trimmed to just GT1 and GT2.

1997 All Japan Grand Touring Car Championship

The 1997 All Japan Grand Touring Car Championship was the fourth season of the All-Japan Grand Touring Car Championship. The GT500 champion was the #36 Castrol TOM'S Toyota Supra driven by Michael Krumm and Pedro de la Rosa and the GT300 class champion was the #19 Bandoh Racing Nissan Silvia driven by Hideo Fukuyama and Manabu Orido.

1997 Australian GT Production Car Championship

The 1997 Australian GT Production Car Championship was a CAMS sanctioned national motor racing title for drivers of Group 3E Series Production Cars.

The title was contested over an eight round series with two races per round.

Round 1: Lakeside, Queensland, 4 May

Round 2: Phillip Island, Victoria, 1 June

Round 3: Calder Park, Victoria, 22 June

Round 4: Amaroo Park, New South Wales, 20 July

Round 5: Winton, Victoria, 10 August

Round 6: Mallala Motor Sport Park, South Australia, 24 August

Round 7: Lakeside, Queensland, 26 October

Round 8: Amaroo Park, New South Wales, 9 November Outright championship points were awarded on a 15-12-10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1 basis to the first ten finishers in each race. An additional point was awarded to the driver setting the fastest qualifying lap for each race. Class points were awarded on a 15-12-10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1 basis to the first ten finishers in each class in each race.

1997 Eagle Boys 3 Hour Bathurst Showroom Showdown

The 1997 Eagle Boys 3 Hour Bathurst Showroom Showdown as was an endurance race for "GT Production" cars. The event was staged at the Mount Panorama Circuit, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, on 18 October 1997.The race was held as a support event for the 1997 Primus 1000 Classic.

The race was won by the Ross Palmer Motorsport Ferrari F355 of Gary Waldon and John Bowe.

1998 Australian GT Production Car Championship

The 1998 Australian GT Production Car Championship was a CAMS sanctioned motor racing title for drivers of Group 3E Series Production Cars. The championship, which was promoted by Procar Australia, was the third Australian GT Production Car Championship.

1999 Australian GT Production Car Championship

The 1999 Australian GT Production Car Championship was a CAMS sanctioned motor racing title for drivers of cars complying with CAMS Group 3E Series Production Car regulations. The championship was contested over an eight round series with two races per round.

Round 1, Eastern Creek International Raceway, New South Wales, 28 March

Round 2, Phillip Island, Victoria, 16 May

Round 3, Hidden Valley, Northern Territory, 6 June

Round 4, Sandown International Motor Raceway, Victoria, 27 June

Round 5, Queensland Raceway, Ipswich, Queensland, 11 July

Round 6, Calder Park, Victoria, 25 July

Round 7, Winton, Victoria, 22 August

Round 8, Oran Park, New South Wales, 5 SeptemberOutright championship points were awarded on a 15-12-10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1 basis to the top ten outright finishers in each race with an additional point awarded to the driver gaining pole position for each race. Class points were awarded on the same 15-12-10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1 scale to the top ten finishers in each class in each race.

355 (disambiguation)

355 is a year in the Gregorian calendar.

355 may also refer to:

The year 355 BC

Agent 355, a secret agent during the American Revolutionary War

Agent 355 (Y: The Last Man), a character in the comic book series Y: The Last Man

355 Gabriella, a main belt asteroid

Ferrari F355, an Italian sportscar

Interstate 355, a toll route of Chicago, Illinois

355th Fighter Squadron, a U.S. Air Force squadron based at Eielson Air Force Base

+355, the country calling code for telephone numbers in Albania

ArsDigita

ArsDigita was a web development company cofounded by Philip Greenspun, Tracy Adams, Ben Adida, Eve Andersson, Olin Shivers, Aurelius Prochazka, and Jin Choi and was started in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the mid-1990s. The company produced a popular Open Source toolkit, the ArsDigita Community System (ACS), for building database-backed community websites, and flourished at the peak of the Internet bubble. ACS was also the roots of OpenACS, which added PostgreSQL as a database option and gave the system a fully open-source stack.

The founders of the ArsDigita Corporation also set up a nonprofit organization, the ArsDigita Foundation, which sponsored the ArsDigita Prize, a yearly programming contest for high school students and, in 2000, a free physical school teaching an intensive one-year course in undergraduate computer science.

Recruiting was touted heavily by Greenspun, and Ars Digita became notorious among the "elite geeks" as a place where recruiting could result in significant payoffs. During the spring of 1999, for example, recruiting 5 hires would earn the employee a Honda S2000. Recruiting 10 employees would net a Ferrari F355. A trophy F355 in bright yellow was kept parked outside of the Prospect Street office in Cambridge to entice employees into recruiting. Later in the summer of 1999, as new management was brought on board, the policy was quietly changed to a lease of the cars, not outright ownership.Recruiting was performed nationally, with four tiers of hiring, ranging in salary from $80,000 to $150,000 annually. Potential recruits were required to submit solutions to a handful of problem sets used in an Internet application development course at MIT. Some of these problem sets required the use of the Oracle object-relational database management system behind Web pages. Others were basic computer science problems such as computing a Fibonacci series recursively using the Tcl programming language.

Approximately 180 Ars Digita employees were hired at the company's peak, but with the crash of the dot com economy, many of ArsDigita's clients went out of business. Others cut back heavily on their technology initiatives. The weight of payroll and offices in Cambridge, Berkeley, California, Washington D.C., and Ann Arbor, Michigan soon overwhelmed the company. The Ann Arbor office was closed in September, 2000, with the other offices following over the next few months.

Ars Digita's Cambridge office had a fully stocked kitchen on each floor, and a full game room with a pinball machine. The pinball machine was a Pinball 2000 model.

ArsDigita took $38 million in venture capital investment from Greylock and General Atlantic in 2000 to provide working capital for expansion of its product line. Greenspun said the venture capitalists staged an internal coup to drive the founders out of the management structure and installed incompetent professional managers with little idea of how to run a software products company, resulting in the collapse of the company and a lawsuit between the founding shareholders and the venture capitalists over control of management. Michael Yoon, who was an ArsDigita employee at the time, said ArsDigita had other management problems as well. The lawsuit was settled out of court on undisclosed terms, but unconfirmed sources indicated that Greenspun's take was ~$7M.

In 2002, ArsDigita's main assets (including the pinball machine and several pieces of artwork) were acquired by Red Hat.ArsDigita is unrelated to Ars Technica, despite the similarity in name.

Evo (magazine)

Evo is a British automobile magazine dedicated to performance cars, from hot hatches to supercars.

F355 Challenge

F355 Challenge is a racing simulation arcade video game based on the actual race car and Ferrari event, based on the original Out Run series of video games before Out Run 2 in 2003 released 4 years later. It was developed by the AM2 division of Sega for the Sega Naomi Multiboard arcade system board under the direction of Yu Suzuki, and was later ported to the Dreamcast and PlayStation 2 video game consoles under the names F355 Challenge: Passione Rossa and Ferrari F355 Challenge respectively for both American and European releases. The only model of car featured in the game is the Ferrari F355 Challenge model. The game was considered the most accurate simulation of the F355 possible up until that time.Some versions of the arcade cabinet are noteworthy for having three screens, allowing the player to look through the side windows as they would in a real car. The three-screen cabinet version also features an H-shaped gear stick and three foot pedals, and presents a tough challenge to any player who decides to use them. The cabinet itself is composed of four NAOMI units: one for each of the three screens and one to sync them all. The game also allows the player to use an automatic transmission or paddle-shift the gears. It also uses a real-time "Magic Weather" system similar to Shenmue. The Dreamcast version has link cable play for direct competition, however as of Jan. 2006, the online servers for F355 Challenge are now offline, and the website has gone offline.

The game features an original soundtrack featuring Genki Hitomi and Minoru Niihara that mimics the style of 1980s hard rock/heavy metal which is integrated into a radio station format during gameplay (some music was later reused for another AM2 game, Shenmue). The radio DJ and the announcer are played by Alan J (Alan John Peppler), an American DJ who works at the Japanese radio station Bay FM.

Yu Suzuki is a keen Ferrari enthusiast who allegedly used data from his own Ferrari 355 at certain tracks to implement in the game during its development.

Ferrari 360

The Ferrari 360 (Type F131) is a two-seater, mid-engine, rear wheel drive sports car manufactured by Italian automotive manufacturer Ferrari from 1999 to 2005. It succeeded the Ferrari F355 and was replaced by the Ferrari F430 in 2005.

Ferrari Challenge

The Ferrari Challenge is a single-marque motorsport championship that was created in 1993 for owners of the 348 Berlinetta who wanted to become involved in racing. It now encompasses three official championships in the United States, Asia-Pacific, and Europe. Competitors from each series are brought together at the annual World Finals (Finali Mondiali) event. From 2007-10, the Ferrari Challenge exclusively used the Ferrari F430 model. 2011 saw the introduction of the 458 Challenge with the 458 Challenge Evoluzione following in 2014. In 2018 Ferrari introduced the 488 Challenge.

Fiorano Circuit

The Fiorano Circuit is a private racetrack owned by Ferrari for development and testing purposes. It is located in Fiorano Modenese, near the Italian town of Maranello.

Built in 1972, it was originally 8.4 metres (27.6 ft) wide and 3000 metres (1.86 miles) long. In 1992, a chicane was added making it 3021 metres (1.88 miles) long, then in 1996 a new renovated track was introduced (a fast bend to replace a sharp corner at the end of the pit straight) which shortened the total length by 24 metres (0.02 miles). The average F1 lap speed is over 160 km/h (99 mph) and the F1 top speed is 290 km/h (180 mph). As Fiorano is a testing track, it has a wide range of corner types, with corner diameters between 370 metres (1,213.9 ft) and 13.71 metres (45.0 ft). Thus Ferrari is able to simulate corner and track types of other Grand Prix circuits.

The track is equipped with telemetry sensors and a large skidpad for tyre testing. In 2001 an irrigation system using rain collected in eight cisterns was installed to simulate wet track conditions. When Scuderia Ferrari are testing a F1 car at the track, it is common to see Tifosi watching the test from the roadside, which is the closest point from which the track is viewable to the public.

Ferrari customers are allowed to test drive new cars at the Fiorano circuit. The Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano is named after this track.

In the 16 years from the time the track opened until his death in 1988, Enzo Ferrari would either sit in his house which was located at the circuit and listen to, or actually sit track side and watch his beloved scarlet Formula One cars testing. Legend has it that this was actually the real reason that the "old man" had the circuit built, so he could enjoy his cars and his drivers without the presence of other F1 cars or the press. In reality Ferrari made the decision of building his own testing track when he realised that the Modena Autodrome could no longer serve this purpose.

Franco Scapini

Franco Scapini (born April 7, 1962) is a former Italian racing driver from Varese.

Gone in 60 Seconds (2000 film)

Gone in 60 Seconds (also known as Gone in Sixty Seconds) is a 2000 American action heist film starring Nicolas Cage, Angelina Jolie, Giovanni Ribisi, Christopher Eccleston, Robert Duvall, Vinnie Jones, and Will Patton. The film was directed by Dominic Sena, written by Scott Rosenberg, and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer. The film is a loose remake of the 1974 H.B. Halicki film of the same name.

The film was shot throughout Los Angeles and Long Beach, California. It was released on June 9, 2000 by Buena Vista Studios. Upon release, Gone in 60 Seconds received mixed reviews from critics. It was criticized for its writing and its direction as well as the acting, although Nicolas Cage and Angelina Jolie's performances, as well as the action sequences, were praised. Despite the critical failure, the film was a commercial success, grossing over $237 million against a budget of $90 million.

Jason Barlow

Jason Barlow is a motoring journalist and broadcaster from Northern Ireland.

He began his television career in 1998, when he was approached to present Channel Four's new car programme Driven, with co-presenters Mike Brewer and James May. In 2000, he was personally approached by the then-controller of BBC2 to present Top Gear, and he went on to front 53 editions of the programme prior to its relaunch in 2002, with Jeremy Clarkson. Still under contract to the BBC, he presented BBC2's motoring programme Wrong Car, Right Car from 2002 to 2003.

More recently, he has presented several editions of Channel 4's award-winning Dispatches, a behind-the-scenes documentary for Sky One and Sky Movies on the making of Danny Boyle's 2006 sci-fi thriller Sunshine, interviewed film director David Lynch for Bafta's David Lean lecture in 2007, presented TV's Greatest Cars and Movie's Greatest Cars for Sky One, and fronted The Big New Preview Show for Sky.

Barlow is editor-at-large for BBC Top Gear magazine, a long-standing contributing editor to Britain's GQ magazine and writes regularly for The Sunday Times. His work is widely syndicated around the world. He has also written for The Times, The Guardian, and The Independent, and was nominated for a British Press Award for his Daily Telegraph column in 2003. He has also undertaken consultancy and corporate work for a variety of blue-chip clients including TAG Heuer, Barclay's Bank, Microsoft, Sony, Kaupthing, BMW, Mini, Ferrari, Peugeot, Honda, and Johnnie Walker.

He has a Law degree from the University of Manchester, and a postgraduate diploma in journalism studies from the University of Cardiff. He is married and lives with his daughter and son in Essex. Jason also owns a Ferrari F355, but is careful never to mention the fact in public.

Barlow won the award for 'Spectacle Wearer of the Year' in 2001

.

OutRun 2

OutRun 2 (アウトラン2), usually stylized as OutRun2, is a 2003 racing game released by Sega for the arcades. Although this is the first "official" sequel to Out Run, it is the fourth title in the OutRun series after Ferrari F355 Challenge in 1999 released 4 years earlier.

Sega AM2

Sega AM Research & Development No. 2 (セガ第二AM研究開発部, Sega Daini Ē Emu Kenkyū Kaihatsu Bu), better known as Sega-AM2 Co., Ltd. (株式会社SEGA-AM2, Kabushiki gaisha Sega Ē Emu Tsū), is the oldest video game development team within the Japanese multinational video game developer Sega. They are Sega's second development division for arcade software. Several games produced by Sega-AM2 have influenced and innovated the video gaming industry from a technical and developmental perspective.

« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 1960s–1990s — next »
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa (F110) 512TR F512 M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 grand tourer 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365
GTC/4
365 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
GTO
F40 F50
     Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Dino car timeline
« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 2000–present
Type 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
V8 Rear mid-engine
sports car
360 458 F8 Tributo
Challenge Stradale 430 Scuderia 458 Speciale 488 Pista
F430 488
Convertible California California T Portofino
2+2 grand tourer GTC4Lusso T
V12 Grand tourer 550 Maranello 575M Maranello 599 GTB Fiorano F12berlinetta 812 Superfast
550 Barchetta Superamerica 599 SA Aperta/599 GTO F60 America/F12tdf
2+2 grand tourer 456M 612 Scaglietti FF GTC4Lusso
Supercar Enzo LaFerrari LaFerrari Aperta
XX Programmes FXX 599XX 599XX Evoluzione FXX K FXX K Evo
Ferrari Icona Monza SP
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