Alfredo "Dino" Ferrari was the son of Enzo Ferrari. Dino suggested to Enzo Ferrari the development of a V6 engine for F2 at the end of 1955. Soon afterwards, Alfredo fell ill, suffering from muscular dystrophy. While hospitalized, he discussed technical details with the engineer Vittorio Jano. Dino would never see the engine; he died on June 30, 1956 at the age of 24.
The production Dino V6 began as a discussion between Vittorio Jano and Enzo and Dino Ferrari about the ideal 1.5 L engine for use in the 1957 Formula Two auto racing series. Jano, formerly of Alfa Romeo and Lancia, pressed for a conventional 60° V6 but the Ferraris were open-minded.
Jano's 60° design incorporated some of his ideas from the Lancia Aurelia, and were used in a number of Formula One, Formula Two, and Grand Prix cars from 1959 through the early 1960s. Appearing in 1958, it used a 77 mm × 71 mm (3.03 in × 2.80 in) bore and stroke for 1,984 cc (2.0 L) and produced 200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) in the 196 S. Two larger versions were also produced, the 245 bhp (183 kW; 248 PS) 2,497 cc (2.5 L) 246 S and 296 bhp (221 kW; 300 PS) 2,962 cc (3.0 L) 296 S. These engines continued in the 1962 196 SP and 286 SP. The latter had a bore and stroke of 90 mm × 75 mm (3.54 in × 2.95 in) for 2,863 cc (2.9 L) and 260 bhp (194 kW; 264 PS).
Ferrari designers began work on the first Dino V6 engine in 1956 and the engine was running by the end of the year. The engine displaced 1,489 cc (1.5 L; 90.9 cu in). This engine was installed in the Ferrari 156 F2 car and was first raced in the Grand Prix of Naples in April 1957, where it finished in third place behind two Lancia-Ferrari V8 Formula One cars.
The result of the trio's creativity was the world's only 65° V6 engine. The extra 5° between cylinder banks gave Ferrari the straight intakes he wanted. As this engine was not a true V6 but had a separate crankpin for every connecting rod, the crank pins were offset by 55 degrees within every pair of cylinders. This ensured an even firing order for the complete engine as well as an even distance between firing pulses per cylinder bank. Thus the engine was as smoothly running as a conventional 60 degree V6, but had greatly enhanced potential for the design of harmonically balanced exhaust manifolds, giving much better performance. Although the Dino V6 was discontinued with the introduction of the V8, the 65° design continues to this day: It reappeared on Ferrari's 1992 456 V12.
The 85 mm × 71 mm (3.35 in × 2.80 in) 2,417 cc (2.4 L; 147.5 cu in) engine used in the 246 S/I produced 280 PS (276 bhp; 206 kW) with dual overhead camshafts pushing two valves per cylinder. The rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout 1961 246 SP used this same engine, as did the 156 F1.
The 65° Dino V6 quickly replaced the 60° unit in racing, and made its way to the street as well. Ferrari needed to have the engine in 500 production vehicles to homologate it for racing use. The company worked with Fiat to develop a sports car to house it, and the front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout Fiat Dino project was born.
In competition, the 1965 166 P used a tiny 1,593 cc (1.6 L; 97.2 cu in) version of the 65° unit. Both bore and stroke were different from the earlier engine at 77 mm × 57 mm (3.03 in × 2.24 in) and output was impressive at 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp). Bore was up to 86 mm (3.39 in) for the 218 PS (215 bhp; 160 kW) 1,987 cc (2.0 L; 121.3 cu in) version found that same year in the 206 SP as well as the 1966 206 S.
In 1968, Ferrari debuted its own Dino 206, the company's first mid-engined road car. It used the 2.0 L engine from the 206 SP transversely-mounted between the rear wheels. After producing just 157 cars, Ferrari bumped the bore and stroke up from 86 mm × 57 mm (3.39 in × 2.24 in) to 92.5 mm × 60 mm (3.64 in × 2.36 in) for 2,419 cc (2.4 L; 147.6 cu in). This increased power to 195 PS (192 bhp; 143 kW) at 7600 rpm and 226 N⋅m; 166 lbf⋅ft (23 kg⋅m) at 5500 rpm, but the engine block was now made of cast iron rather than aluminium.
The Dino V8, now bored to 81 mm (3.19 in), replaced the V6 in the next line of street Dinos to be produced by Ferrari, the 1973 GT4 and 1975 GTB "308" cars. Although the model name suggests 3.0 L, the V8 displaced only 2,927 cc (2.9 L) which rounds down to 2.9 L and was another DOHC 2-valve design.
The 1980 "i" models added fuel injection to the existing 2,927 cc (2.9 L) engine.
A very unusual Dino Quattrovalvole was used in the Lancia Thema 8.32. It was based on the 308 QV's engine, but used a cross-plane crankshaft rather than the Ferrari-type flat-plane. The engine was constructed by Ducati rather than Ferrari, and was produced from 1986 through 1991.
The Quattrovalvole was also used by Lancia for their attempt at the World Sportscar Championship with the LC2. The engine was twin-turbocharged and destroked to 2.65 litres, but produced 720 PS (530 kW; 710 bhp) in qualifying trim. The engine was later increased to 3.0 litres and increased power output to 828 PS (609 kW; 817 bhp).
These small V8 variants were chiefly intended for the domestic market, where cars with engines larger than two-litre incurred in an almost doubled 38% value added tax.
In 1975 the company introduced the Dino 208 GT4. The bore was reduced from 81 to 66.8 mm (3.19 to 2.63 in) but the stroke remained at 71 mm (2.80 in). Output was reduced as well, from 255 to 170 PS (188 to 125 kW; 252 to 168 bhp). Applications:
The turbo also served as a development platform for the forthcoming 1984 288 GTO sports car. That famous Ferrari was meant for Group B racing, with a 2,855 cc (2.9 L) version of the 308's engine (bore was down by 1 mm (0.04 in) to meet the regulations of the class). With IHI twin-turbochargers, a Behr intercooler, and Weber-Marelli fuel injection, the GTO boasted 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) from Dino's engine.
The 1985 328 and 3.2 Mondial used a bored and stroked 3.0 QV V8 to 83 mm × 73.6 mm (3.27 in × 2.90 in) version called the Tipo F105CB. That naturally aspirated 3,186 cc (3.2 L) engine boasted 270 PS (199 kW; 266 bhp).
In 1987, the F40 sports car debuted with the Tipo F120A engine. The 2.9 L (2,936.25 cc) Dino-based engine now had a bore x stroke of 82 mm × 69.5 mm (3.23 in × 2.74 in) and 16 psi (1.1 bar) of turbo boost for 351.5 kW (478 PS; 471 hp) at 7000 rpm and 577 N⋅m (426 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 4000 rpm while the US designated engines, code named the Tipo F120 D were rated at 356 kW (484 PS; 477 hp).
The 1989 introduction of the 348 and Mondial t saw the Dino V8 pushed to 3.4 L (3,405 cc) with a bore x stroke of 85 mm × 75 mm (3.35 in × 2.95 in). Power was up to 300 PS (296 bhp; 221 kW) in the Tipo F129D/G, and revised as the Tipo F119H with 320 PS (316 bhp; 235 kW) in later Ferrari 348s.
The 1994 F355 included their first production 5-valve engine, and sported a 2 mm (0.08 in) longer stroke for 3.5 L (3,496 cc) and 380 PS (375 bhp; 279 kW). This Tipo F129B was used from 1994 through 1998. It was revised as the Tipo F129C, debuting in 1998 and used through 1999.
The 1999 360 Modena retained the 85 mm (3.35 in) bore of the F355 engine and the 5-valve per cylinder layout, but increased the stroke to 79 mm (3.11 in), to raise the displacement again to 3.6 L (3,586 cc) and 400 PS (395 bhp; 294 kW). Modifications to the intake/exhaust and an increased 11.2:1 compression ratio produced 425 PS (419 bhp; 313 kW) for the 360 Challenge Stradale. This Tipo F131 was produced from 1999 through 2004.
A new V12 engine family debuted in the 1992 456 as the Tipo F116. It featured the Dino 65° V angle with an 88 mm bore and the same 75 mm stroke as the Dino V8 found in the 348, that was produced at the time of introduction.
Dino (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdiːno]) was a marque for mid-engined, rear-drive sports cars produced by Ferrari from 1968 to 1976. Used for models with engines with fewer than 12 cylinders, it was an attempt by the company to offer a relatively low-cost sports car. The Ferrari name remained reserved for its premium V-12 and flat 12 models until 1976, when "Dino" was retired in favour of full Ferrari branding.
Named to honour Ferrari founder Enzo Ferrari's son and heir Dino Ferrari, the Dino models used Ferrari racing naming designation of displacement and cylinder count with two digits for the size of the engine in deciliters and the third digit to represent the number of cylinders, i.e. 246 being a 2.4-litre 6-cylinder and 308 being a 3.0-litre 8-cylinder. Ferrari street models of the time used a three-digit representation of the displacement in cubic centimeters of one of the 12 cylinders, which would have been meaningless in a brand with differing numbers of cylinders.Dino 206 GT and 246 GT
The Dino 206 GT, 246 GT and 246 GTS are V6 mid-engined sports cars produced by Ferrari and sold under the Dino marque between 1967 and 1974.
The Dino 246 was the first automobile manufactured by Ferrari in high numbers. It is lauded by many for its intrinsic driving qualities and groundbreaking design. In 2004, Sports Car International placed the car at number six on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1970s. Motor Trend Classic placed the 206/246 at number seven in their list of the 10 "Greatest Ferraris of all time".Ferrari 328
The Ferrari 328 GTB and GTS (Type F106) are mid-engine V8, two seat sports cars produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Ferrari. It was the successor to the Ferrari 308 GTB and GTS. While mechanically still based on the 308, small modifications were made to the body style and engine, most notably an increase in engine displacement to 3.2 L for increased power and torque output. The 328 is still considered by some enthusiasts to be one of the most reliable and functional Ferraris; unlike other models, much of its maintenance can be performed without lowering the engine from the vehicle. In 1989, the 328 was succeeded by the 348.
The GTB referred to the Gran Turismo Berlinetta (coupé) (fixed roof) body while the GTS was a Gran Turismo Spider (targa top). In 1985, the 328 retailed from $58,400-$62,500 ($130,388 - $139,542 in 2016 dollars) in the United States.
The "328" numbers in the model title referred to the total cubic capacity of the engine, 3.2 litres, and 8 for the number of cylinders. The new model was introduced at the 1985 Frankfurt Salon alongside the Mondial 3.2 series.Ferrari GT4
The Dino 308 GT4 and 208 GT4 (later Ferrari 308 GT4 and 208 GT4) were mid-engined V8 2+2 cars built by Ferrari. The Dino 308 GT4 was introduced in 1973 and supplemented by the 208 GT4 in 1975. The cars were sold with Dino badging (continuing the Dino brand to differentiate non-V12 Ferrari) until May 1976, when they received Ferrari badging. The GT4 was replaced by the Mondial 8 in 1980 after a production run of 2,826 308s and 840 208s.Ferrari engines
Ferrari engines might refer to:
List of Ferrari engines
Ferrari Lampredi engine
Ferrari Dino engine
Ferrari Colombo engine
Dino car timeline, 1957–1980
|6 cylinder||Mid-engine berlinetta||206 GT||246 GT|
|Mid-engine spider||246 GTS|
|8 cylinder||Mid-engine 2+2||308 GT4|
|Sports prototype||196 S||246 S||166 P||206 S|
|296 S||206 SP|
|Formula Two||156 F2||166 F2|
|Ferrari after 1976 Sold as||