Ferrari 550

The Ferrari 550 Maranello (Type F133) is a front-engine V12 2-seat grand tourer built by Ferrari from 1996 to 2001. The 550 Maranello marked Ferrari's return to a front-engine, rear-wheel drive layout for its 2-seater 12-cylinder model, 23 years after the 365 GTB/4 Daytona had been replaced by the mid-engined Berlinetta Boxer.

In 2000, Ferrari introduced the 550 Barchetta Pininfarina, a limited production roadster version of the 550, limited to just 448 examples. The 550 was replaced by the upgraded 575M Maranello in 2002.

Ferrari 550
Paris - Bonhams 2016 - Ferrari 550 Maranello coupé - 1999 - 005
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledFerrari 550 Maranello
Production1996–2002
3,083 (550)
448 (Barchetta)
AssemblyMaranello, Italy
DesignerLorenzo Ramaciotti at Pininfarina[1]
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer (S)
Body style2-door berlinetta (Maranello)
2-door roadster (Barchetta)
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedFerrari 456
Powertrain
Engine5.5 L Tipo F133A/C V12
Transmission6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,500 mm (98.4 in)
Length4,550 mm (179.1 in)
Width1,935 mm (76.2 in)
Height1,277 mm (50.3 in) (berlinetta)
1,258 mm (49.5 in) (barchetta)
Kerb weight1,774 kg (3,912 lb)[2]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari Testarossa
SuccessorFerrari 575M Maranello

History

Paris - Bonhams 2016 - Ferrari 550 Maranello coupé - 2001 - 003
Ferrari 550 Maranello

Since 1973, when the traditional front-engined 365 GTB/4 Daytona had been replaced by the mid-engined Berlinetta Boxer, Ferrari's top-of-the-line 12-cylinder 2-seater model had used a mid-mounted 180° 12-cylinder flat engine. The Berlinetta Boxer had later been developed into the Testarossa, whose last evolution was the 1994 F512 M. Under the presidency of Luca Cordero di Montezemolo,[3] who took office in 1991, the F512 M replacement was developed as a traditional front-engined V12 grand tourer.

After 30 months of development, the Ferrari 550 Maranello was unveiled in July 1996 at the Nürburgring racing circuit in Germany.[4] The model's name referred to the 5.5-litres total engine displacement in decilitres and to the town of Maranello, home to the Ferrari headquarters and factory. Pininfarina executed both the exterior and interior design.[5] Frame and main engine components were shared with the 2+2 Ferrari 456, although at 2,500 mm (98.4 in), the 550's wheelbase was 100 mm (3.9 in) shorter. In 2002 the 550 was replaced by the 575M Maranello, which was rather an all-around improved version (modificata in Ferrari parlance) of the car, fitted with a larger 5.75-litre engine. In total 3,083 units of the 550 Maranello were produced.

Specifications

Body and chassis

1999 Ferrari 550 Maranello interior
Interior

The 550 used a front-engine, rear-wheel drive transaxle layout, with the 6-speed gearbox located at the rear axle together with the limited slip differential. The chassis was a tubular steel space frame, to which the aluminium body panels were soldered.[4] The Pininfarina-designed body had a drag coefficient of 0.33.[5] Suspension was of the double wishbone type with coaxial coil spring and damper units on all four corners, and anti-roll bars front and rear. The steering was rack and pinion with variable power assist. The vented disc brakes were 330 mm (13.0 in) at the front and 310 mm (12.2 in) at the rear. Magnesium alloy was used for the 18-inch wheels.[4] Electronic driver aid systems included anti-slip regulation, which could be adjusted on two levels or switched off completely, and four-way anti-lock braking system.[4]

Gear 1 2 3 4 5 6 Final drive
Ratio 3.15:1 2.18:1 1.57:1 1.19:1 0.94:1 0.76:1 3.91:1

Engine

550maranello-engine
The Tipo F133A V12 engine

The engine is a naturally aspirated 65° V12 with 4 valves per cylinder, dual overhead cams and a variable length intake manifold. It displaced 5,473.91 cc (334.0 cu in) and produced 485 PS (357 kW; 478 hp) at 7,000 rpm and 568.1 N⋅m (419 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm. Bore and stroke measure 88 mm and 75 mm.

Performance

According to the manufacturer the 550 Maranello had a top speed of 320 km/h (199 mph), and could accelerate from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.4 seconds.[3] Testing the 550 Maranello in 2000, American car magazine Motor Trend recorded a 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) acceleration time of 4.2 seconds, a 0 to 100 mph (0 to 161 km/h) time of 9.6 seconds, and a ¼ mile (0.4 km) performance of 12.5 seconds at 116.9 mph.[6]

Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina

2001 Ferrari 550 Barchetta no 135, front right side
2001 Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina

Ferrari introduced a roadster version of the 550 at the Paris Motor Show in 2000 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Pininfarina. The 550 Barchetta Pininfarina was a true barchetta with no real convertible top provided. The factory did provide a cloth soft top, but it was intended only for temporary use to protect the interior from rain as using the top above 70 mph (113 km/h) was not deemed safe. Aesthetically, the barchetta featured a more deeply raked windshield than the coupé for improved aero dynamics, roll-over hoops behind the seats for the driver's safety and a longer rear section than the coupé to complete the smooth overall design resulting in more cargo space than the coupé, even when it was less practical. Other changes included new 19-inch alloy wheels specially made for the barchetta. A total of 448 cars were produced, four more than initially planned 444 cars due to concerns of superstition in the Japanese market about the number 4. The 448 cars were preceded by 12 prototypes numbered P01–P12 on their interior plaques. To an observer the prototypes and production cars are indistinguishable. The mechanical underpinnings of the car remained the same as its coupé counterpart but the engine was given the F133C code mainly for differentiation. Performance figures differed significantly as compared to the 550 Maranello due to the loss of a roof, with 0–62 mph (0–100 km/h) acceleration time increasing to 4.4 seconds and top speed reduced to 186 mph (300 km/h). All the 448 cars had a numbered plaque (i.e. x of 448) on the dashboard with Sergio Pininfarina's signature.[7][8]

Concept cars and one-off specials

Ferrari Rossa

Ferrari Rosso Berlin
Pininfarina Ferrari Rossa

The 550-based Ferrari Rossa was a concept car introduced at the 2000 Turin Motor Show to celebrate the 70th anniversary of Pininfarina. The 2-door speedster shares the mechanical components from the 550 Maranello but its top speed is reduced to 185 mph (298 km/h) due to increased weight. The futuristic design cues found their way to future Ferrari production cars such as the Enzo Ferrari and the F430.[9] It was designed by Ken Okuyama at Pininfarina.

Ferrari 550 GTZ Roadster

On October 28, 2009, Zagato and Ferrari revealed that they have been working on a roadster version of the 575 GTZ coupé to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the long collaboration between the two Italian establishments. The resulting product called the 550 GTZ roadster was limited to five units and based on the 550 Barchetta Pininfarina. All five were sold at the stratospheric price of £1 million (€1.1 million/ US$1.6 million) each.[10]

Motorsport

2006FOS 2003Ferrari555MaranelloXLRacing
Team XL Racing's Ferrari 550 GT at the 2006 Goodwood Festival of Speed

Although not intended for motorsport, some privateer teams took it upon themselves to develop the 550 for use in various series. The first racing 550, known as 550 GT, was built for French team Red Racing to comply with international sporting regulations. The project was developed by Michel Enjolras and assembled in the Italtecnica workshop.[11] The car was first tested in April 1999 and was used in the GT3 class of the French FFSA GT Championship. In 2001 the car was then sold to XL Racing who continued the development and built a second car, known as 550 XL entering the FFSA GT and the American Le Mans Series.[12] The older 550 GT also made an appearance at the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans in the ACO GT class but failed to finish due to technical problems.

Olive Garden Ferrari Mosport
Team Rafanelli's 550 Millennio at the 2002 Grand Prix of Mosport

In 2000, with financial support from some investors led by Stéphane Ratel, Italtecnica created another 550 race car meeting the more powerful GT regulations in the FIA GT Championship, the car being named 550 Millennio.[13] The first car debuted in the 2000 FIA GT Championship season, entered by First Racing. The 2001 season saw two cars fielded by Team Rafanelli. The 550 Millennio was also developed to meet ACO LM-GTS regulations allowing Rafanelli to enter a single car in the 2002 American Le Mans Series season.[14]

In November 2000, German entrepreneur and engineer Franz Wieth launched another racing version of the 550, developed by Baumgartner Sportwagen Technik, and named 550 GTS.[15] Two cars were built, with Wieth Racing entering one in the 2001 FIA GT Championship, then again in 2003, 2004 and 2005. In 2006 the Wieth's Ferrari scored two wins in the Euro GT Series.[16]

05Spa 5152BMS550s
A pair of BMS Scuderia Italia 550-GTS' at the 2005 1000km of Spa

Commissioned by Frédéric Dor's company Care Racing Development, in 2001 Prodrive built a racing version of the 550 for various sports car series and especially the 24 Hours of Le Mans.[17] Initially known as 550 GTO and then renamed 550 GTS (but not related to Wieth's project), a total of ten cars would be built over the next four years and campaigned by the Prodrive team as well as privateer customers. The cars were entirely built by Prodrive without any support from the Ferrari factory.

The factory Prodrive team would win two races in the 2001 FIA GT Championship debut. For 2002 the BMS Scuderia Italia team would take over in FIA GT, recording four wins, while the Prodrive squad would take a single win in the American Le Mans Series. 2003 would be the best year for the cars, as Prodrive won the GTS class at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and took second in the GTS class championship in the American Le Mans Series with four wins, while BMS Scuderia Italia gained the FIA GT championship winning eight races.

The Italian team would again take the FIA GT Championship crown in 2004, while Larbre Compétition won the GT1 class championship in the new Le Mans Series. BMS Scuderia Italia moved then to the Le Mans Series as well taking that championship for 2005. In the meantime Prodrive switched to their next project, the Aston Martin DBR9, leaving the maintenance of the 550 GTS cars to Care Racing Development. Hitotsuyama Racing entered a car in the 2004 JGTC and 2005 Super GT seasons, then switched to the Japan Le Mans Challenge winning the GT1-class title in both 2006 and 2007 editions. In 2008 Argentinian Automóvil Club Argentina Team entered 2 Prodrive 550's, one of them scoring and achieving the fifth place in the Potrero de los Funes round. The last race of the 550 GTS was the 2009 FIA GT Paul Ricard 2 Hours where a car entered by French team Solution F achieved the seventh place.

In late 2003, Australian Nations Cup Championship team Mark Coffey Racing purchased a 550 GT from Team Rafanelli to run in the 2004 Australian Nations Cup Championship. The appearance of the V12 Ferrari in Australia was eagerly awaited by fans of the category and the car was to be driven by popular young Danish driver Allan Simonsen who prior to the championship had raced the car alongside David Brabham to win the Bahrain GT Festival.[18] In what was a limited campaign (the car only raced at 4 of the 7 rounds), Simonsen finished 7th in the championship against cars such as the championship winning Lamborghini Diablo GTR, Chrysler Viper ACR, Porsche 911 GT2 and the controversial 7.0 litre Holden Monaros. Simonsen broke the class lap record and scored a race win in the first round of the season at the Adelaide Street Circuit.[19]

Following the success of the Prodrive's 550 GTS, Ferrari would develop the 575 GTC racecar based on the 575M, offering it as a customer car for privateers.

Awards and recognition

In 2004, Evo magazine ran a ‘Greatest Drivers’ Car’ showdown with the greatest cars from the previous ten years, including the Porsche 911 GT3, the Honda NSX-R and the Pagani Zonda C12S. The 550 Maranello won that challenge. The magazine stated that ‘As with all great cars, there’s no one facet that dominates the experience’. ‘Yes the engine is mighty, but the chassis is its equal. There's never been a supercar that's so exploitable and so rounded in its abilities.’[20]

The 5.5 L F133 V12 engine won the "over 4 litre" class of the International Engine of the Year award for 2000 and 2001.

Other media

The 550 Maranello is featured on the cover art and in the arcade racing game Need for Speed: High Stakes. The Air Jordan XIV, designed by Tinker Hatfield and originally released in 1998, drew inspiration from Michael Jordan's Ferrari 550 Maranello.

References

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Car and Driver Aston Martin V12 Vanquish vs Ferrari 550 Maranello Comparison Test" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b Artemi, Paolo (21 July 1996). "Ecco la nuova Ferrari 550, supercar per tutti i giorni" [Here's the new Ferrari 550, the everyday supercar]. Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 12. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Fenu, Michele (21 July 1996). "Maranello, ecco la Ferrari del Duemila" [Maranello, here's the Ferrari of the 2000s]. La Stampa (in Italian). p. 10. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b Fenu, Michele (21 July 1996). "La linea? Bella e funzionale" [The body? Beautiful and functional]. La Stampa (in Italian). p. 10. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Road Test: Lamborghini Diablo 6.0 vs. Ferrari 550 Maranello". Motor Trend. August 2000. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina". Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. ^ "2001 Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina". Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Pininfarina Ferrari Rossa". diseno-art.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  10. ^ Joseph, Noah (29 October 2009). "Zagato marks the end of an era with custom Ferrari 550 GTZ Barchetta". autoblog. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  11. ^ "2003 Ferrari 550 GT Italtecnica". supercars.net. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  12. ^ "2004 Spec. Ferrari 550 XL Maranello Serial Number 108536". ferraris-online.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Ferrari's return to GT Racing". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Team Olive Garden returns with Ferrari 550". crash.net. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Ferrari 550 GTS Wieth Racing". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  16. ^ "Rhino GT Series: c'è gloria anche per la 550 dei Wieth". motorsportblog.it (in Italian). Blogo.it. 18 April 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Ferrari 550 GTS Maranello". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  18. ^ "2004 Bahrain GT FestivalDavid Brabham and Alan Simonsen - Ra... • 107633 Raffanelli 02 #0 • barchetta • StudioLine MediaCenter". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  19. ^ "Procar Australia". 16 February 2005. Archived from the original on 16 February 2005. Retrieved 29 December 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  20. ^ "A-Z Supercars: Ferrari 550 Maranello". Evo.

External links

2003 1000 km of Le Mans

The 2003 1000 km of Le Mans was a one-off sports car event run under the organization of the Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) in preparation for the Le Mans Endurance Series that began in 2004. It was run on 9 November 2003 at the Bugatti Circuit near Le Mans, France.

2003 FIA GT Anderstorp 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Anderstorp 500 km was the seventh round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Scandinavian Raceway, Sweden, on September 7, 2003.

2003 FIA GT Barcelona 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Barcelona 500 km was the opening round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Circuit de Catalunya, Spain, on April 6, 2003.

2003 FIA GT Brno 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Brno 500 km was the fourth round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Brno Circuit, Czech Republic, on May 25, 2003.

2003 FIA GT Donington 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Donington 500 km was the fifth round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at Donington Park, United Kingdom, on 29 June 2003.

2003 FIA GT Magny-Cours 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Magny-Cours 500 km was the second round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, France, on April 27, 2003.

2003 FIA GT Oschersleben 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Oschersleben 500 km was the eighth round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Motorsport Arena Oschersleben, Germany, on September 21, 2003.

2003 FIA GT Pergusa 500km

The 2003 FIA GT Pergusa 500 km was the third round the 2003 FIA GT Championship season. It took place at the Autodromo di Pergusa, Italy, on May 11, 2003.

2003 Petit Le Mans

The 2003 Petit Le Mans was the ninth and final race in the 2003 American Le Mans Series season and was held at Road Atlanta. It took place on October 18, 2003.

2005 1000 km of Istanbul

The 2005 1000 km of Istanbul was the fifth and final round of the 2005 Le Mans Series season, held at the Istanbul Racing Circuit, Turkey. It was run on November 13, 2005.

2005 1000 km of Spa

The 2005 1000 km of Spa was the opening race of the 2005 Le Mans Series season and held at Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Belgium. It was run on April 17, 2005

2006 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 74th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place over 17–18 June 2006. The winners of the race were Frank Biela, Marco Werner, and Emanuele Pirro, driving the Audi R10 TDI. For the first time in the history of the race, the winner was a diesel-powered car.

BMS Scuderia Italia

BMS Scuderia Italia SpA (sometimes referred to as simply Scuderia Italia) is an Italian auto racing team founded by Italian steel magnate and motorsports enthusiast Giuseppe Lucchini in 1983. Initially named Brixia Motor Sport (BMS) and briefly entering the World Touring Car Championship, the team's name was altered to BMS Scuderia Italia upon their entrance into Formula One in 1988. After departing Formula One in 1993, BMS Scuderia Italia has been involved in the touring car racing and sports car racing.

Scuderia Italia has been involved with many automobile manufacturers, including Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Ferrari, Nissan, Porsche, and Aston Martin. The team is currently competing in the FIA GT Championship with a pair of Ferrari F430s, while their Brixia Racing arm competes in the FIA GT3 European Championship and Italian GT Championship with Aston Martin DBRS9s.

Christophe Bouchut

Christophe Bouchut (born 24 September 1966 in Voiron, Isère) is a French professional racing driver. He won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1993. He currently drives in the American Le Mans Series for Level 5 Motorsports. He was named as the first driver for the F1 Larrousse team for the 1995 season, but the team withdrew before the first race.

In his 30 years of racing, Bouchut has earned 105 victories, 85 pole positions, four overall wins in 24-hour races (1993 Le Mans, 1995 Daytona, 2000 and 2001 Spa), three FIA GT titles (2000–2002) and the 2011 American Le Mans Series LMP2 championship.

Ferrari F116/F133 engine

The F116 engine family is a series of 65° DOHC V12 petrol engines produced by Ferrari since 1992. Introduced with the 456 GT, this engine had a displacement of 5.5 L and was a fresh new design who replaced the previous Colombo-derived F101 60° V12 engines used in Ferrari 412 four-seater.

A more performant variant named F133 debuted in 1996 with the 550 Maranello, replacing the F113 flat-12 engines.The production of the F116 ceased in 2003; in the same period the F133's displacement was increased to 5.7 L and lasted until 2011. It was then replaced by the F140 engine family.

All those engines featured dry sump lubrication and 48 valves driven by dual overhead camshafts per bank. The block and cylinder heads were constructed from light alloy, featuring Nikasil treated alloy cylinder liners. A Bosch Motronic 2.7 combined fuel injection/ignition engine management system was initially fitted, superseded by a Motronic 5.2 unit in 1996 and by a Motronic ME7 system for the 5.7 L versions.

Gabriele Gardel

Gabriele Gardel (born 22 October 1977 in Milan, Italy) is a Swiss racing driver. He is the 2005 FIA GT Champion.

Peter Kox

Peter Kox (born 23 February 1964 in Eindhoven) is a racecar driver from the Netherlands.

Kox began racing in karts in 1978, winning five titles until 1982. In 1983 he moved to automobiles, winning the Marlboro Formula Ford Challenge and was second and third in the Benelux and Dutch Formula Ford 2000 Championships, respectively, the following year. His single-seater racing career was interrupted several times and only took off in 1989 when he won the Benelux Formula Opel Championship in 1989.

In 1990 Kox raced in the British Formula 3 Championship where he came third with two victories. He moved up to Formula 3000 in 1991, staying there for two seasons and winning one race.

Unable to find a seat in Formula One, Kox moved to touring cars driving a BMW, winning five races in the Dutch series in 1993 on his way to the championship title. In 1995 he became a works BMW driver in the German Supertouring Championship, coming second in the series, and also winning the Spa 24 Hours.

In 1996 he joined the BMW Motorsport, making a handful of British Touring Car Championship appearances but focusing his efforts on the development program for the McLaren F1 GTR, winning a race in the BPR Global GT Series. The following year he drove the car in the FIA GT Championship, winning once more. He also took a class win in the Spa 24 Hours with a Diesel-powered BMW.

From 1998 to 2000 Kox returned to touring cars, becoming a Honda works driver. He raced full-time in the BTCC in 1998 and 1999 (coming 7th overall in 1999), before taking second place in the Euro STC in 2000. The following year he joined the Carly Motors squad in a BMW and also took a win in a one-off race in the FIA GT Championship, with the Prodrive Ferrari 550 Maranello.

Kox continued with Prodrive for the following seasons, winning the GTS class in the Laguna Seca ALMS race in 2002 and the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans. In 2004 and 2005 he raced for several different teams, including Prodrive (in the Ferrari and Aston Martin DBR9) and Reiter Engineering (in the Lamborghini Murcielago). In 2006 he split his time between the MenX team, Aston Martin and Spyker, in FIA GT, Le Mans, Le Mans Series and ALMS.

In 2007 and 2008 Peter Kox is a works driver for Lamborghini, driving in the FIA GT Championship and ADAC GT Masters. He took part in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 2007 with the works Aston Martin and 2008 with IPB Spartak Lamborghini.

Peter Kox was a development driver for the Acura NSX GT3 in 2016, and will drive it in the 2017 Pirelli World Challenge for RealTime Racing.

His daughter Stéphane Kox is also a racecar driver.

Thomas Biagi

Thomas Biagi (born 7 May 1976, in Bologna), is a professional racecar driver from Italy.

Biagi started his career in single seaters, driving in Formula Alfa Boxer and Italian Formula Three Championship, where he was 5th best in 1995, with two wins. From there, he moved up to the FIA Formula 3000 Championship from 1995 to 1998, without major results. His debut race in 1995 saw him collide with Marco Campos on the last lap, resulting in a crash which inflicted fatal injuries on the Brazilian driver.

Biagi switched to the "second division", the Italian F3000 Championship, in 1999, taking 4th place, which he repeated in 2000 (after the series had become Euro F3000), this time with a win, before taking a 2nd overall in 2001, in his second season with GP Racing.

In 2003, Thomas Biagi made a successful move to the FIA GT Championship, which he won in a BMS Scuderia Italia Ferrari 550 Maranello (co-driven with Matteo Bobbi). After a year in the Le Mans Endurance Series, he returned to the FIA GT with Vitaphone Racing, helping the squad take two Team titles before winning the Drivers title himself in 2007.In spite of having won the drivers title in the GT1 class, Biagi downgraded to GT2 in 2008, to drive a Ferrari 430 for AF Corse.

Tomáš Enge

Tomáš Enge (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtomaːʃ ˈɛŋɡɛ]) (born 11 September 1976) is a former professional racing driver from the Czech Republic, who has competed in many classes of motorsport, including three races in Formula One. He has twice been sanctioned professionally for drug offences.

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