Ferrari 410 S

Ferrari 410 S was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1955-1956. After the racing succeses of 375 Plus, mainly in 1954 Carrera Panamericana, Ferrari decided to prepare another model for this marathon. 410 S was intended as a long distance race car originally designed for 1955 Carrera Panamericana and was the final model of Lampredi V12 sports car line.[2] Next generation of sports racing cars that replaced 410 S were powered by the new Jano V12 engines.

Ferrari 410 S
Ferrari 410-Spider-Scaglietti
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledFerrari 410 Sport Spider Scaglietti
Production1955-1956
4 produced[1]
DesignerCarrozzeria Scaglietti
Body and chassis
Body styleSpyder
Berlinetta (Speciale)
LayoutFMR layout
Powertrain
Engine5.0 L (4962.96 cc) Tipo 126C Lampredi V12
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,420 mm (95.3 in)
Curb weight1,200 kg (2,646 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 375 Plus
SuccessorFerrari 290 MM
1956 Ferrari 410 Sport Spyder (44653054502)
1955 410 S s/n 0592CM at Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance

Development

Ferrari 410 S was created as an evolution to 375 Plus that preceded it. A familiar long-block 5.0 L Lampredi V12 with different internal measurements was used. Compared to 375 Plus, 410 S engine had bigger bore and shorter stroke at 88 mm by 68 mm. Total displacement resulting was 4,962.96 cc (5.0 L; 302.9 cu in). This same basic, Type 126 single plug engine powered 410 Superamerica road car. Smaller 42 DCZ/3 Weber carburettors and lower compression ratio combined with higher rpm meant only a slight increase in power from 330 to 340 PS (243 to 250 kW; 325 to 335 hp) at 6200 rpm in its single plug form. When the engine was upgraded to twin plugs per cylinder and four coils, and three 46 DCF/3 Webers, power rose to 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp) at 7000 rpm. Out of four cars only two factory race cars received uprated Type 126/C competition engine. Additional spark plugs were located outside of the cylinder banks and were accesible by a trapdoors in bodywork. This was the only Lampredi V12 with twin plug arrangement and also the highest in output. Double ignition was designed for harsh conditions of a five-day Mexican race. Top speed was 280-303 kmh, depending on the version.[3][4]

Racing

All four serial numbers bear CM suffix standing for Carrera Messicana of their intended, but never realised, race. The Mexican marathon was cancelled for 1955 edition, mainly due to Le Mans disaster. 410 S' first outing was 1956 1000km of Buenos Aires, driven by Juan Manuel Fangio and Eugenio Castellotti.[3] Although two cars entered and neither finished, they achieved an impressive top speed of 303 kmh and set a new lap record. This was the only race in which 410 S was entered as a works car. Caroll Shelby raced one of those cars in United States with many victories in 1956 in Palm Springs, National Seafair, National Palm Springs, Governor's Trophy and New Smyrna Beach amongst them. Phil Hill and Richie Ginther also raced in the US, the latter winning 1957 Riverside.[5] Cars had common problems with rear axles or transmissions that could not endure the immense power.[2]

Speciale

Among three other sports racing cars bodied as spyders one car stands out. A one-off Berlinetta Speciale by Carrozzeria Scaglietti, s/n 0594CM. Created on special order from Michel Paul-Cavallier, an industrialist and former SEFAC director. Body design loosely resembled Pinin Farina-designed berlinettas but had to be transferred to a shorter and wider chassis.[6] Engine was of a single plug type and used three 42 DCF/3 Weber carburettors.[7] Car was based on a race car type 519C chassis and completed in July 1955 and delivered with ivory paintwork with blue leather interior to its customer. Same as the race cars it also was right-hand drive.

Specifications

Chassis was made of elliptical section steel tubes. Mainly classified as type 519C with wheelbase measuring 2,420 mm (95.3 in). Front suspension was independent with unequal-length wishbones. Rear had De Dion axle and transverse leaf springs, already introduced on racing Ferraris a couple years back. Brakes were drum-type all round. Fuel tank could accommodate 195 litres of fuel.[8] All cars used dry sump lubrication, triple-plate clutch and 5-speed manual gearbox mounted in the rear of a transaxle type. Front and rear track was at 1,455–1,450 mm (57.3–57.1 in), which was considerably wider compared to preceding 375 MM or Plus and succeeding 290 MM cars that had between 1,284 and 1,325 mm (50.6 and 52.2 in) of track.[4]

One of the race cars had a different, slightly shorter type 514 chassis with 2,410 mm (94.9 in) of wheelbase.[9]

Collectability

Ferrari 410 S is highly collectable due to its extremely low production values and very high performance. In 2012, Berlinetta Speciale s/n 0594CM was sold on RM Sotheby's auction in Monterey for $8.25 million.[6] In 2014 s/n 0592CM was sold on Rick Cole Auctions for $23 million.[10] This was the car with shorter wheelbase and single plug engine.

References

  1. ^ "Ferrari 410 S Register". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. pp. 92–93.
  3. ^ a b Schlegelmilch, Rainer W. (2004). Ferrari. Könemann. pp. 52–57, 383.
  4. ^ a b "Ferrari 410 S". ferrari.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  5. ^ "All Results of Ferrari 410 Sport". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b "1955 Ferrari 410 S Berlinetta by Carrozzeria Scaglietti". rmsothebys.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  7. ^ "410 S Berlinetta Speciale Scaglietti". mitorosso.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  8. ^ "410 S Spyder Scaglietti". mitorosso.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  9. ^ "410 Sport 0592CM". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  10. ^ "1955 Ferrari 410 S Valuation and Auction Sales Data". conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W. (2004). Ferrari. Könemann. ISBN 3-8331-1057-0.
  • Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84425-581-8.
1956 1000 km Buenos Aires

The 1956 1000 km Buenos Aires took place on 29 January, on the Autódromo Municipal-Avenida Paz, (Buenos Aires, Argentina). It was the third running of the race, and once again, it was opening round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. For this event, a longer section of the Autopista General Pablo Riccheri route was removed, returning the circuit to 9.476 km in length, as it was in 1954.

1956 Swedish Grand Prix

The 1956 Sveriges Grand Prix took place on 12 August, at the Rabelövsbanan, Kristianstad. Although this was the second running of the race, it was the first time as a round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. The previous year's race, won by Juan Manuel Fangio was the first big race held in Sweden, and the organiser, Kungl Automobil Klubben dealt with it so well, the F.I.A. promoted the race. For this year's event, the circuit was widened and resurfaced.

1958 United States Grand Prix for Sports Cars

The 1958 United States Grand Prix for Sports Cars was a sports car race held at Riverside International Raceway on October 12, 1958. It was the fourth and final round of the 1958 USAC Road Racing Championship season, the seventeenth round of the Sports Car Club of America's Pacific Coast Championship, the second running of the Riverside Grand Prix, and the first post-World War II running of the United States Grand Prix. The race was held over 62 laps of Riverside's 3.3-mile (5.3 km) circuit, for a total of 203.1 miles (326.9 km). Chuck Daigh won the race overall, driving one of Lance Reventlow's Scarab-Chevrolets. The race is also noteworthy in the annals of international racing, as the strong second-place finish by a local driver named Dan Gurney earned him a test drive in a factory Ferrari Formula 1 car, effectively launching the Californian's legendary racing career.

The weather at this event was very warm, even for a desert climate that routinely saw daytime temperatures of 100F plus during the summer. On race day the temperature reached an extraordinary high for the era 95 °F (35 °C); with winds gusting up to 9.9 miles per hour (15.9 km/h) on race day. Even with the global warming that emerged decades after the late 1950s, the maximum temperature of Riverside, California never exceeded 79.2 °F (26.2 °C) for the month of October 2013.

Carrozzeria Scaglietti

Carrozzeria Scaglietti (Italian pronunciation: [karrottseˈriːa skaʎˈʎetti]) was an Italian automobile design and coachbuilding company active in the 1950s. It was founded by Sergio Scaglietti in 1951 as an automobile repair concern, but was located across the road from Ferrari in Maranello outside Modena, Italy.

Scaglietti gained Enzo Ferrari's trust and respect both through his bodywork and design skills and for providing a retreat for young Dino Ferrari. Their professional relationship began when Ferrari asked Scaglietti to repair and modify race car bodywork in the late 1940s, which was soon followed by orders for full car bodies in the early 1950s. Scaglietti and Dino Ferrari designed a 166MM, Prototipo 0050M, the first Ferrari to have a "headrest" bump. This feature was subsequently used on most racing Ferraris of the 1950s and 1960s. The idea was initially despised by Enzo but championed by Dino, and 0050M's design became an overall success.

In the mid-1950s, Scaglietti became the Carrozzeria of choice for Ferrari's racing efforts. Many sports racing prototypes were designed and manufactured at their facility. All those exclusively designed by Scaglietti carried the Scaglietti & C. badge while cars built to outside designs did not. The company's 1958 250 Testa Rossa, with its Formula One-inspired pontoon fenders, is one of the most famous Scaglietti designs. Several of Ferrari's most coveted models such as the 250 California Spyder, 250 GTO and 250 Tour de France were built by Scaglietti to a Pinin Farina design.Today, the former Scaglietti works is owned by Ferrari and used to produce Ferrari's current line of aluminium bodied cars, including the 488 and F12, using both modern and traditional techniques. In 2002, a special edition of the 456, the 456M GT Scaglietti was named in honor of Scaglietti. This was followed by the 2004 introduction of the 612 Scaglietti, a 2+2 GT car produced until 2010. Despite names honoring Scaglietti, both the 456 and 612 were designed by Pininfarina.

Sergio Scaglietti died at his Modena home on 20 November 2011 at the age of 91.

Ferrari 375 Plus

Ferrari 375 Plus was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1954. Model competed internationally, winning many important races, including 24 Hours of Le Mans, Carrera Panamericana, 1000km of Buenos Aires, Agadir GP or Silverstone.

Ferrari Lampredi engine

Aurelio Lampredi designed a number of racing engines for Ferrari. He was brought on to hedge the company's bets with a different engine family than the small V12s designed by Gioacchino Colombo. Lampredi went on to design a number of different Inline-4, Inline-6, and V12 engines through the 1950s, and it was these that would power the company's string of world championships that decade. All were quickly abandoned, however, with the Dino V6 and V8 taking the place of the fours and sixes and evolution of the older Colombo V12 continuing as the company's preeminent V12.

List of most expensive cars sold at auction

This is a list of the most expensive cars sold in auto auctions through the traditional bidding process, that of those that attracted headline grabbing publicity, mainly for the high price their new owners have paid.

August 2018 Ferrari 250 GTO (number 23) auctioned for $48.4 million.

June 2018: A 1963 Ferrari 250 GTO, known as the Holy Grail model, won the Tour de France in 1963, changed hands for a world record US$70 million (not auction). It is a 174 mph road-legal racing car and one of only 36 built between 1962 and 1964. It was purchased by an American businessman.

A 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, serial number 3413GT, sold at RM Sotheby's Auction on August 25, 2018 for US$48,405,000 (including buyer's premium). This broke the record previously held by another 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, serial number 3851GT, which sold for a then-record $38,115,000 (including buyer's premium) at Bonham's Quail Auction on August 14, 2014. While collectible cars have been sold privately for more, this is the highest price ever paid for a car at a public auction.The 1904 Rolls-Royce 10 hp Two-Seater is currently listed on the Guinness World Records as the most expensive veteran car to be sold, at the price of US$7,254,290 (equivalent to $8,765,000 in 2018), on a Bonhams auction held at Olympia in London on December 3, 2007.This list only consists of those that have been sold for at least $4 million in auction sales during a traditional bidding process, inclusive of the mandatory buyers premium and does not include private, unsuccessful (failing to reach its reserve price, incomplete) and out of auction sales.

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Ferrari road car timeline, 1947–1969 — next »
Type 1940s 1950s 1960s
7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Sports 275 S 340 Mexico/MM 375 MM 375 Plus 410 S
125 S 166 S/166 MM 195 S 212 Export 225 S 250 MM 250 Monza 315 S 250 Testa Rossa 250 LM
159 S 250 S 290 MM 335 S 250  GTO
Berlinetta 250 GT "Tour de France" 250 GT "SWB" 250 GT Lusso 275 GTB 275 GTB/4 365 GTB/4
Coupé 166 Inter 195 Inter 212 Inter 250 Europa 250 Europa GT 250 GT Boano 250 GT Ellena 250 GT Coupé Pinin Farina 330 GTC 365 GTC
2+2 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2
Spider 250 GT Cabriolet 275 GTS 330 GTS 365 GTS
250 GT California Spyder
America 340/342 America 375 America 410 Superamerica 400 Superamerica 500 Superfast 365 California

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