Ferrari 375 Plus

Ferrari 375 Plus was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1954. Model competed internationally, winning many important races, including 24 Hours of Le Mans, Carrera Panamericana, 1000km of Buenos Aires, Agadir GP or Silverstone.[2]

Ferrari 375 Plus
1954 Ferrari 375 Plus 34
Ferrari 375 Plus as part of Ralph Lauren Collection
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledFerrari 375 Plus Pinin Farina Spyder
Production1954
8 produced[1]
DesignerPinin Farina
Body and chassis
Body styleSpyder
Cabriolet
LayoutFMR layout
Powertrain
Engine5.0 L (4954.34 cc) Tipo 113 Lampredi V12
Transmission4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Curb weight1,030 kg (2,271 lb) (dry)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 375 MM
SuccessorFerrari 410 S
1954 Ferrari 375 Plus engine
Ferrari 375 Plus Lampredi engine

Development

Ferrari 375 Plus received new Lampredi V12 engine with displacement enlarged to almost 5-litres. This new tipo 113 was partially based on 375 MM and its 84 mm of bore and combined 74.5 mm of stroke from 375 Formula One car.[3] Resulting capacity was 4,954.34 cc (5.0 L; 302.3 cu in). Most cars could produce 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp) at 6000 rpm and some even up to 345 PS.[4] This was enough for a top speed of 280 km/h. Engine had single spark plug per cylinder configuration with two magnetos and was fed by three Weber 46DCF/3 carburettors. Single camshaft per cylinder bank was standard for Lampredi V12s, unlike dry sump lubrication adopted for the last of the 'long-block' powered models, 375 Plus and 410 S.[5]

1954 Ferrari 375 Plus IMG 1240 (3801510940)
Ferrari 375 Plus that won Silverstone International in 1954

Racing

Ferrari 375 Plus debuted slowly at first, not finishing Giro di Sicilia nor Mille Miglia races. José Froilán González and Maurice Trintignant won 1954 24 Hours of Le Mans, for the first time since 1949,[6] ahead of works Jaguar D-type.[7] Agadir GP[8] and Silverstone International[9] were also won by 375 Plus. Most significant victory however was Umberto Magliolis 1954 Carrera Panamericana.[10] It would also be last ever as the race was cancelled next year due to Le Mans disaster. 1954 World Sportscar Championship was achieved by Ferrari in due honour of 375 Plus that won two out of six rounds. Last major victory was 1955 1000 km Buenos Aires. That year, World Sportscar Championship was dominated by Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR.

375 Plus also won many other races in both North and South Americas.[11] In 1957-1958 Dan Gurney in 375 Plus scored wins in Paramount Ranch and Palm Springs[11] and a second place in Grand Prix Riverside, part of 1958 United States Grand Prix for Sports Cars.[12]

Cabriolet

An one-off, two-seater, Cabriolet version was created on 375 Plus' chassis. King Leopold III of Belgium commissioned its creation to Pinin Farina. They created an elegant and stately gran tourer with imposing front portion and unusually wide front grille.[13] Left hand drive car, s/n 0488AM, received covered headlamps and was completed by 1955.[14] Finished in black over ivory leather interior it was repainted red at one point in its history.[15]

Specifications

Although wheelbase on 375 Plus and its predecessor, the 375 MM, was the same at 2,600 mm (102.4 in), the chassis was of a new type 505. Also created of steel tubes, elliptical in section. Front suspension was the same as on previous models, independent with unequal-length wishbones and transverse leaf springs. Rear suspension however received a new de Dion axle, twin radius arms with transverse leaf springs and Houdaille shock absorbers in place of an old live axle with semi-elliptical springs.[5] New setup greatly improved balance and road-holding.[4] Fuel tank had 190 litres fuel capacity, especially welcomed on long-distance races. Drum brakes were standard all round. A 4-speed manual or 5-speed manual gearbox was used, mounted en bloc with differential.[4]

Bodywork was an evolution of 375 MM Pinin Farina Spyder style with exception of a bigger fuel tank bulge in the rear.[2] One car, s/n 0478AM, was converted from 375 MM and rebodied by Sutton.[16][17]

Collectability

Low production numbers and undisputed racing pedigree makes 375 Plus highly collectable and sought after. S/n 0384AM, Ferrari works car from Mille Miglia, Le Mans and Silverstone was offered by Bonhams at 'Goodwood Festival of Speed Sale' auction and sold for £10,753,500 in 2014.[18][19] S/n 0398TF is part of Ralph Lauren Collection, who purchased the car in 1990.[20]

References

  1. ^ "Ferrari 375 Plus - Register". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. pp. 82–83.
  3. ^ "375 Plus". mitorosso.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Schlegelmilch, Rainer W. (2004). Ferrari. Könemann. pp. 44–47, 382.
  5. ^ a b "Ferrari 375 Plus". ferrari.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  6. ^ "24h Le Mans 1954". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1954". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Agadir Grand Prix 1954". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Silverstone International 1954". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Carrera Panamericana 1954". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  11. ^ a b "All Results of Ferrari 375 Plus". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  12. ^ "Grand Prix Riverside 200 Miles". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Ferrari 375 Plus Pinin Farina Cabriolet". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  14. ^ "375 Plus Cabriolet Pinin Farina". mitorosso.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  15. ^ "375 Plus Cabriolet PF". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  16. ^ "375 MM Scaglietti Spyder". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  17. ^ "375 Plus Spyder Sutton". mitorosso.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Ferrari 375 Plus Spyder PF". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  19. ^ "1954 Ferrari 4.9-litre 375-Plus Sports-Racing Two-Seat Spider Competizione". bonhams.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Ferrari 375 Plus Spyder PF". barchetta.cc. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W. (2004). Ferrari. Könemann. ISBN 3-8331-1057-0.
  • Acerbi, Leonardo (2012). Ferrari: All The Cars. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84425-581-8.
1000 km Buenos Aires

The 1000 km Buenos Aires was an endurance sports car event held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The race mostly run on the Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, although it would run the Costanera circuit in 1957. Besides a single race in Caracas, Venezuela, it was the only annual South American race in the history of the World Sportscar Championship.

1954 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1954 24 Hours of Le Mans was a race for Sports Cars, and took place on 12 and 13 June 1954, at the Circuit de la Sarthe, Le Mans, France. It was also the fourth race of the 1954 World Sportscar Championship. The race was won by José Froilán González and Maurice Trintignant driving a Ferrari 375 Plus.

People viewed this race as a battle between brute force and science (per the July 1954 “Motor Sport” article). In the high technology corner, with its sleek, aerodynamic bodywork was the new 3.4-litre Jaguar D-Type, and in the other corner was Ferrari’s formidable 5.0-litre V12 375 Plus. Ranged in between was everyone else. The race was heavily affected by poor weather throughout and was a thriller right to the end, producing the closest finish for the race since 1933: less than 5km (half a lap).

1954 Carrera Panamericana

The 1954 Carrera Panamericana was the fifth and final running of the Carrera Panamericana Mexican sports car racing event, run from November 19-23, 1954. It was the sixth and final race of the 1954 World Sportscar Championship. The race was run from Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, to Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, over 8 stages and 3,070 kilometres (1,910 mi). 150 cars started the race, and 85 finished all 8 stages. The race was won by Umberto Maglioli in an Erwin Goldschmidt-entered Ferrari 375 Plus. He finished the race in 17 hours, 40 minutes, and 26 seconds, averaging 173.69 kilometres per hour (107.93 mph).

1954 Mille Miglia

The 1954 Mille Miglia (officially XXI Mille Miglia ), was a motor race open to Sports Cars, GT cars and Touring Cars. It was the 21st Mille Miglia and the third race of the 1954 World Sportscar Championship. The race was held on the public roads of Italy on 2 May 1954 using a route based on a round trip between Brescia and Rome, with the start and finish in Brescia. It was won by Alberto Ascari driving a Lancia D24.

As in previous year, the event this not strictly a race against each other, this is race against the clock, as the cars are released at one-minute intervals with the larger professional class cars going before the slower cars, in the Mille Miglia, however the smaller displacement slower cars started first. Each car number related to their allocated start time. For example, Giuseppe Farina’s car had the number 606, he left Brescia at 6:06am, while the first cars had started late in the evening on the previous day.The previous August, Italian racing legend Tazio Nuvolari died. As a mark of respect, the route of this race, near it finish would pass through Mantua, where he was a resident.

1954 World Sportscar Championship

The 1954 World Sportscar Championship season was the second season of FIA World Sportscar Championship motor racing. It featured a series of six endurance races for sportscars, contested from 24 January to 23 November 1954. The championship was won by Ferrari.

1955 1000 km Buenos Aires

The 1955 1000 km Buenos Aires took place on 23 January, on the Autódromo Municipal-Avenida Paz, (Buenos Aires, Argentina). It was the second running of the race, and once again, it was opening round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. For this event, a longer section of the Autopista General Pablo Riccheri route was added, making the circuit 17.136 km in length.

1955 World Sportscar Championship

The 1955 World Sportscar Championship season was the third season of FIA World Sportscar Championship motor racing. It featured a series of six endurance races for sportscars, contested from 23 January to 16 October 1954.

The championship was won by Mercedes-Benz, the German manufacturer ending the dominance of Ferrari which had won both of the previous World Sportscar Championship titles.

1956 1000 km Buenos Aires

The 1956 1000 km Buenos Aires took place on 29 January, on the Autódromo Municipal-Avenida Paz, (Buenos Aires, Argentina). It was the third running of the race, and once again, it was opening round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. For this event, a longer section of the Autopista General Pablo Riccheri route was removed, returning the circuit to 9.476 km in length, as it was in 1954.

1956 12 Hours of Sebring

The 1956 Florida International Grand Prix of Endurance powered by Amoco took place on 24 March, on the Sebring International Raceway, (Florida, United States). It was the second round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship. For the sixth running of the event, was a sign to many in the automotive community that this race had become North America’s premier sports car race, and from an international standpoint second only to the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

However, this race came just eight months after the disaster at Le Mans. The United States was not immune to the fallout following that race, and the American Automobile Association decide to withdraw from all participation in motor sport. This left the promoters with no international recognition for the race, and therefore no FIA approval. It was very simple; no FIA approval, no international race.Alec Ullmann, one of those promoters, and founder of Sebring, approached the Sports Car Club of America, but could not maintain its amateur status, if it supported the race. Ullmann did however obtain “special permission” from the FIA to allow him organise the event himself, through his Automobile Racing Club of Florida, and issued the international licenses.

Aston Martin DBR1

The Aston Martin DBR1 was a sports racing car built by Aston Martin starting in 1956, intended for the World Sportscar Championship as well as non-championship sportscar races at the time. It is most famous as the victor of the 1959 24 Hours of Le Mans, Aston Martin's only outright victory at the endurance classic. It is one of only three cars in the 1950s to win both the World Sports Car Championship and Le Mans 24 Hours in the same year (the others being the Ferrari 375 Plus in 1954 and the Ferrari 250TR in 1958). In addition the six World Sports Car Championship victories was a record for any car in the 1950s and remained a record in the championship until surpassed by the Ferrari 250TR. The three consecutive triumphs in 1959 at the Nürburgring, Le Mans and the Tourist Trophy equalled the record set by the Ferrari 250TR with its three consecutive victories at the start of the 1958 season.

In August 2017, car DBR1/1 was sold for a world record price for a British-made car of US $22,555,000.

Carrera Panamericana

The Carrera Panamericana was a border-to-border sedan and sports car racing event on open roads in Mexico similar to the Mille Miglia and Targa Florio in Italy. Running for five consecutive years from 1950 to 1954, it was widely held by contemporaries to be the most dangerous race of any type in the world. It has since been resurrected along some of the original course as a classic speed rally.

Ferrari 375 MM

See Ferrari 375 F1 for the 375 used in Formula 1 racing, and 375 America, a GT carFerrari 375 MM, was a race car produced by Ferrari in 1953 and 1954. It was named "375" for the per-cylinder displacement in the 4.5 L V12 engine, and the "MM" stood for the Mille Miglia race. The engine was based on its Ferrari 375 F1 counterpart, but with shorter stroke and bigger bore. The first prototype was a Vignale Spyder and three next cars were Pinin Farina Berlinettas, all converted from Ferrari 340 MM. Perhaps the most known 375 MM is the "Ingrid Bergman" version, commissioned in 1954 by director Roberto Rossellini for his wife, actress Ingrid Bergman. The Bergman 375 MM was subsequently bought and restored by the Microsoft executive Jon Shirley and the restoration specialist Butch Dennison. It later became the first postwar Ferrari to win Best of Show at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. Although intended for Mille Miglia, 375 MM was also raced with limited success in Carrera Panamericana, scoring fourth place in 1953 and finishing second in 1954. In total 26 units were made, including four converted from 340 MM.

Ferrari 410 S

Ferrari 410 S was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1955-1956. After the racing succeses of 375 Plus, mainly in 1954 Carrera Panamericana, Ferrari decided to prepare another model for this marathon. 410 S was intended as a long distance race car originally designed for 1955 Carrera Panamericana and was the final model of Lampredi V12 sports car line. Next generation of sports racing cars that replaced 410 S were powered by the new Jano V12 engines.

Ferrari Lampredi engine

Aurelio Lampredi designed a number of racing engines for Ferrari. He was brought on to hedge the company's bets with a different engine family than the small V12s designed by Gioacchino Colombo. Lampredi went on to design a number of different Inline-4, Inline-6, and V12 engines through the 1950s, and it was these that would power the company's string of world championships that decade. All were quickly abandoned, however, with the Dino V6 and V8 taking the place of the fours and sixes and evolution of the older Colombo V12 continuing as the company's preeminent V12.

Giuseppe Farina

Emilio Giuseppe "Nino" Farina (Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈniːno faˈriːna]; 30 October 1906 – 30 June 1966), was an Italian racing driver and was the first official Formula One World Champion, gaining the title in 1950. He was also the Italian Champion in 1937, 1938 and 1939.

Jacques Swaters

Jacques Swaters (30 October 1926 – 10 December 2010) was a racing driver from Belgium and former team owner of Ecurie Francorchamps and Ecurie Nationale Belge.

List of 24 Hours of Le Mans winners

The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 heures du Mans) is the world's oldest sports car endurance race and one of the most famous and influential in motorsports history.

The overall winners of all events since 1923 are listed here. The race has been run every year since its inception with the exception of 1936, where the race was not run due to worker strikes, and 1940 to 1948, due to World War II. Records for wins are also listed. Lower class wins are not included.

136 total drivers have won in the eighty-six runnings of the event.

List of Ferrari engines

This is a list of internal combustion engines manufactured by Ferrari.

USAC Road Racing Championship

The USAC Road Racing Championship was a sports car racing series in the United States held from 1958 until 1962. The series was organized by the United States Auto Club as a fully professional alternative to the Sports Car Club of America's SCCA National Sports Car Championship.

Key personnel
Current drivers
Test drivers
Ferrari Driver Academy
World champions
Drivers' titles
Constructors' titles
Race winners
Former personnel
Formula One cars
IndyCar/CART cars
Sports racing cars
Ferrari road car timeline, 1947–1969 — next »
Type 1940s 1950s 1960s
7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Sports 275 S 340 Mexico/MM 375 MM 375 Plus 410 S
125 S 166 S/166 MM 195 S 212 Export 225 S 250 MM 250 Monza 315 S 250 Testa Rossa 250 LM
159 S 250 S 290 MM 335 S 250  GTO
Berlinetta 250 GT "Tour de France" 250 GT "SWB" 250 GT Lusso 275 GTB 275 GTB/4 365 GTB/4
Coupé 166 Inter 195 Inter 212 Inter 250 Europa 250 Europa GT 250 GT Boano 250 GT Ellena 250 GT Coupé Pinin Farina 330 GTC 365 GTC
2+2 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2
Spider 250 GT Cabriolet 275 GTS 330 GTS 365 GTS
250 GT California Spyder
America 340/342 America 375 America 410 Superamerica 400 Superamerica 500 Superfast 365 California

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