Ferrari 288 GTO

The Ferrari GTO (often referred to as Ferrari 288 GTO)(Type F114) is an exotic homologation of the Ferrari 308 GTB produced from 1984 to 1987 in Ferrari's Maranello factory, designated GT for Gran Turismo and O for Omologata (homologated in Italian).[3]

Ferrari 288 GTO
Ferrari 288 GTO (1)
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledFerrari GTO
Production1984–1987
272 produced[1]
DesignerLeonardo Fioravanti at Pininfarina
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Body style2-door berlinetta
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedFerrari 308 GTB/GTS
Powertrain
Engine2.9 L (2,855 cc) F114 B 000 twin turbo V8[2]
Power output400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) and 496 N⋅m (366 lbf⋅ft) of torque
Transmission5-speed manual[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,450 mm (96.5 in)[2]
Length4,290 mm (168.9 in)[2]
Width1,910 mm (75.2 in)[2]
Height1,120 mm (44.1 in)[2]
Kerb weight1,160 kg (2,557.4 lb)[2]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 GTO
SuccessorFerrari F40

Background

The Ferrari GTO was built to compete in the new Group B Circuit Race series and a minimum of 200 cars were required for homologation. Due to lackluster participation caused by these regulations, the Group B Circuit series never took off. As a result, the GTO never raced and all 272 cars built remained purely road cars. All of them came in a stock red color, except one which was black.

Some of the GTO's styling features were first displayed on a 308 GTB design exercise by Pininfarina shown at the 1977 Geneva Auto Salon. The 288 GTO started out as a modified version of the 308/328 to hold down costs and to build the car quickly, but little of the 308/328 was left when the 288 GTO was finished. Easily noticeable differences were the GTOs bulging fender flares, larger front/rear spoilers, large "flag-style" outside mirrors and four driving lights at the far sides of the grille. Retained from the original 250 GTO were slanted air vents, put in the GTO's rear fenders to cool the brakes, as well as the rear wing's design, borrowed from the 250 GTO's original wing. The GTO also had wider body panels than the 308's because they had to cover much larger Goodyear tires mounted on racing wheels. The suspension's height could be set higher for road use and lower for racing on tracks. Bodywork material was new and lighter for better acceleration and handling. The GTO's weight was 2,555 lb (1,159 kg), compared to 3,085–3,350 lb (1,399–1,520 kg) for the 308/328. Steel was used just for the doors because major body panels were made from molded fiberglass. Kevlar was used for the hood, and the roof was made from Kevlar and carbon fiber.

Engine

The GTO was based on the rear mid-engine, rear wheel drive 308 GTB, which has a 2.9 L (2,927 cc) V8. The "288" refers to the GTO's 2.8 litre DOHC 4 valves per cylinder V8 engine as it used a de-bored by 1 mm (0.04 in) with IHI twin-turbochargers, Behr air-to-air intercoolers, Weber-Marelli fuel injection and a compression ratio of 7.6:1[4]. The 2.85 litre engine capacity was dictated by the FIA's requirement for a turbocharged engine's capacity to be multiplied by 1.4. This gave the GTO an equivalent engine capacity of 3,997 cc (4.0 L; 243.9 cu in), just under the Group B limit of 4.0 litres.

Unlike the 308's 2,927 cc (2.9 L; 178.6 cu in) engine, the GTO's 2,855 cc (2.9 L; 174.2 cu in) V8 was mounted longitudinally, using the 308's rear trunk space. This was necessary to make room for the twin turbochargers and intercoolers. The racing transmission was mounted to the rear of the longitudinal engine, moving the rear differential and wheels aft. The arrangement also let the GTO use a more conventional race-car engine/transmission layout for such things as quick gear-ratio changes for various tracks. As a result, the wheelbase was 110 mm (4.3 in) longer at 2,450 mm (96.5 in). The track was also widened to accommodate wider wheels and tires (Goodyear NCT 225/55 VR16 tires mounted on 8 x 16 inch Speedline wheels at the front and 265/50 VR16 mounted on 10 x 16 inch wheels at the rear) to provide increased cornering and braking performance and the ability to apply 400 PS (395 bhp; 294 kW) at 7,000 rpm and 496 N⋅m (366 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,800 rpm.[5] The GTO could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in around 5 seconds and Ferrari claimed 0-125 mph (201 km/h) in 15 seconds flat and a top speed of 189 mph (304 km/h), making it one of the fastest street-legal production cars of its time.[1]

Performance

Test results by Road & Track:

  • 0–30 mph (48 km/h): 2.3 s[6]
  • 0–50 mph (80 km/h): 4.1 s[6]
  • 0–60 mph (97 km/h): 5.0 s[6]
  • 0–70 mph (113 km/h): 6.2 s[6]
  • 0–80 mph (129 km/h): 7.7 s[6]
  • 0–100 mph (161 km/h): 11.0 s[6]
  • 0–120 mph (193 km/h): 16.0 s[6]
  • Standing 14 mile (402 m): 14.1 s at 113 mph (182 km/h)[6]
  • Top Speed: 179 mph (288 km/h)[7]

Evoluzione

Ferrari 288 GTO
1987 Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione.

Ferrari built six (five production models and one prototype)[8] 288 GTO Evoluzione models with more aggressive and aerodynamic body styling and increased power. The Evoluzione, introduced in 1986, was built to race in Group B but when that series was cancelled the project was also shelved as it was not fit for any other racing series. Ferrari had planned a production run of 20 cars to comply with Group B homologation requirements for Evolution models. The 288 GTO Evoluzione is powered by an upgraded version of the 2.9 L V8 used in the normal 288 GTO that has twin-turbochargers and produces 650 hp (485 kW; 659 PS) at 7,800 rpm.[9] It has a weight of around 940 kg (2,072 lb) and can reach a top speed of 225 mph (362 km/h).[10] It features a unique front end designed for aerodynamics with front canards, channels and vents as well as a large carbon fibre rear spoiler and numerous large NACA ducts. Many styling and mechanical elements from the Evoluzione influenced the soon to follow F40.

All six are thought to still be in existence with one owned by the Factory on display in the engine manufacturing facility in Maranello and another suspected to have been used as a prototype during the development of the F40.[9][11]

Notable Formula 1 GTO owners

Several Formula 1 drivers were offered GTOs by Enzo Ferrari. These include Michele Alboreto (56195), Eddie Irvine, Keke Rosberg (56653) and Niki Lauda (58329) who was gifted the last of the 272 units built by Enzo Ferrari himself.[12]

Awards

In 2004, Sports Car International named this car number two on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s, behind its German rival the Porsche 959.

Gallery

288celebration2

Rear view of a Ferrari 288 GTO

288celebration4
Ferrari 288 GTO red

Ferrari 288 GTO pictured in a Ferrari museum

Ferrari 288 GTO London

Ferrari 288 GTO pictured in London

References

  1. ^ a b Monticello, Mike (August 2010). "2011 Ferrari 599 GTO". Road & Track. 61 (12): 86.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "GTO". Ferrari official site - Past models. Ferrari S.p.A. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  3. ^ Holt, Richard (30 Nov 2017). ""The Ferrari 288 GTO: the car that makes the case for '80s design"". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 Mar 2018.
  4. ^ "1984 Ferrari 288 GTO specifications". carfolio.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  5. ^ "1984 Ferrari 288 GTO specifications". carfolio.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Road & Track August 1984".
  7. ^ Road & Track July 1987 . Excerpt: Egan, Peter (2016-05-29). "In 1987, The World's Fastest Cars Couldn't Catch A 211-mph Twin-Turbo Ruf". Road & Track. US. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  8. ^ "One of Five - The Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione at the Quail". www.stanceworks.com. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
  9. ^ a b "Too Fast to Race – Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione". www.classicdriver.com. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
  10. ^ "Ferrari 288 GTO Part 2: 288 GTO Evoluzione". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
  11. ^ "Motor1.com Legends: Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione". Motor1.com. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
  12. ^ McAleer, Brendan. "Niki Lauda, Enzo Ferrari, and the Last 288 GTO". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  • Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.
  • Ferrari 288 GTO at the Group B Rally Cars.
1985 (album)

1985 is the fourth studio album by Enuff Z'Nuff, which features material recorded in the band's earliest days. The songs were taken from a demo at the time called "Hollywood Squares", originally recorded in 1985. Musically, the songs were noticeably more pop-rock in direction as opposed to the hard rock recordings they had been known for.

Although nearly all original material, the opening track is a cover of Smokey Robinson's "Tears Of A Clown". The only new recording at the time of release was a bonus track titled "You Got A Hold Of Me" (sometimes referred to as "The Valentine's Song" due to its opening lyric). This song is noteworthy for the fact that it was used as the album's lead promotional single, despite being an unlisted "hidden track".

The liner notes were written by popular American shock-jock and longtime fan Howard Stern. His words regarding the band were later reprinted for the band's Greatest Hits album several years later. The song "Fingers On It" first appeared in the cult film Henry: Portrait Of A Serial Killer, with the band credited as "Enough Z'Nuff," as that was the original spelling of the band name when the movie was made. The album artwork parodies the cover design of Road & Track. The cover mentions the Ferrari 288 GTO car brand and State Farm financial institution.

288 (disambiguation)

288 may refer to:

The year 288 AD

The year 288 BC

The number 288

The Ferrari 288 GTO, an automobile

The USS Cabrilla (SS-288), a USN submarine

The USS Worden (DD-288), a USN destroyer

The Bagger 288 excavator

288 Glauke,an asteroid discovered in 1890

List of highways numbered 288

Bburago

BBurago is a diecast metal brand of toy model cars. Originally, the company was based in Burago di Molgora, Italy, where all products were made from 1976 to 2005. At its most popular, Bburago's main competition were Politoys and Maisto, the latter of which was to become dominant in the 1:18 market segment around 2000. Bburago has been a brand under the Maisto umbrella since 2007.

Duesen Bayern

Duesen Bayern (Japanese デュッセン バイエルン, Dyussen Baierun) is a Japanese automobile brand and manufacturer located in Nagoya. Since its founding in 2001 by Tetsuya Nagayama, he is realizing his dreams to build his own vehicles. Designs are in the retro style and are based on modern automobiles of other brands. Since the late 2009 the company is also manufacturing replicas of the BMW Isetta 250, the Chevrolet Corvette C1, the Ferrari 288 GTO, the Nissan Skyline 2000 GT-R and the Toyota 2000GT. These vehicles are exported to Europe in limited numbers. Often the brand is abbreviated DB, which mostly means the German Daimler-Benz.

Emanuele Nicosia

Emanuele Nicosia (11 January 1953 – 23 March 2016) was an automobile designer from Italy. He worked at Pininfarina for many years, designing the Jaguar XJS spyder in 1979 and working on the Ferrari 288 GTO and Testarossa. Later, he worked on the interior design of the Lamborghini Diablo and Bugatti EB110.

Nicosia also works on motorbike projects, and has collaborated with Oralengineering of Mr.Forghieri designing racing motorbikes.

In 2000 he developed a concept for a SUB (Sport Utility Bike) based on a Moto Guzzi 750 engine which was introduced at 2000 Bologna Motor Show.

He was head of Automotive Program at DYPDC Center for Automotive Research and Studies, started running his Beestudio design branch office in Pune, India. He went to RCA, London for specializing in design.

Ferrari 308 GTB/GTS

The Ferrari 308 GTB berlinetta and targa topped 308 GTS are V8 mid-engined, two-seater sports cars manufactured by the Italian company Ferrari from 1975 to 1985. The 308 replaced the Dino 246 GT and GTS in 1975 and was updated as the 328 in 1985. The similar 208 GTB and GTS were equipped with a smaller initially naturally aspirated, later turbocharged two-litre engine, and sold mostly in Italy.

Ferrari F40

The Ferrari F40 (Type F120) is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive sports car built from 1987 to 1992, with the LM and GTE race car versions continuing production until 1994 and 1996 respectively. As the successor to the 288 GTO, it was designed to celebrate Ferrari's 40th anniversary and was the last Ferrari automobile personally approved by Enzo Ferrari. At the time it was Ferrari's fastest, most powerful, and most expensive car for sale.The car debuted with a planned production total of 400 units and a factory suggested retail price of approximately US$400,000 (5-fold the price of its predecessor, the 288 GTO) in 1987 ($880,000 today), although some buyers were reported to have paid as much as US$3.6 million in contrast to its 1999 value of £140,000. One of those that belonged to the Formula One driver Nigel Mansell was sold for the then record of £1 million in 1990, a record that stood into the 2010s. A total of 1,311 cars were manufactured with 213 units destined for the United States.

Ferrari GTO

Ferrari has made three models named GTO:

1962-64 Ferrari 250 GTO GT racing car

1984-87 Ferrari 288 GTO Group B racing car

2011 Ferrari 599 GTO

Fioravanti (automotive)

Fioravanti is an Italian automotive design studio in Moncalieri outside the city of Turin. The company began in 1987 as an architectural practice working on projects in Japan, and since 1991, it has focused its activities on automotive design.

Fioravanti was founded by C.E.O. Leonardo Fioravanti, who worked twenty-four years with Pininfarina on such vehicles as the Ferrari Daytona, Ferrari Dino, Ferrari 512 Berlinetta Boxer, the Ferrari 308 GTB, Ferrari 288 GTO and the Ferrari F40.

Group B

Group B was a set of regulations introduced in 1982 for competition vehicles in sportscar racing and rallying regulated by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The Group B regulations fostered some of the fastest, most powerful, and most sophisticated rally cars ever built and is commonly referred to as the golden era of rallying. However, a series of major accidents, some of them fatal, were blamed on their outright speed and lack of crowd control at events. After the death of Henri Toivonen and his co-driver Sergio Cresto in the 1986 Tour de Corse, the FIA disestablished the class, dropped its previous plans to replace it by Group S, and instead replaced it as the top-line formula by Group A. The short-lived Group B era has acquired legendary status among rally fans and automobile enthusiasts in general.

Jouef

Jouef was a French manufacturer that specialized in model trains and other vehicles. Its name continues as a brand owned by Hornby Railways.

Leonardo Fioravanti (engineer)

Leonardo Fioravanti (born 1938) is an Italian automobile designer and CEO of Fioravanti Srl.

List of Ferrari competition cars

The following is a complete list of racing cars manufactured by Ferrari.

List of rally cars

List of rally cars

Pagani Zonda R

The Pagani Zonda R is a track day car developed and manufactured by Italian sports car manufacturer Pagani. It debuted at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show, using the 6.0-litre M120 V12 engine sourced from the racing version of the Mercedes-Benz CLK-GTR. The Zonda R's competition lies with track-based cars, such as the Ferrari FXX and Maserati MC12 Corsa rather than the original Zonda's road competitors as it is not road-legal.

Despite sharing much of the Zonda's shape, the R is almost entirely new, sharing only 10% of the Zonda F's components. It has been obliquely suggested by Horacio Pagani that this car is a testbed chassis for certain components of the Zonda's replacement, the Huayra (in the same vein as the Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione and the successive F40) and that the Zonda R accurately reflects some of the Huayra's features. Only 15 cars were produced.

Spectre R42

The Spectre R42 is a 2-seater mid-engined rear-wheel drive sportscar manufactured by British boutique automobile manufacturer Spectre Supersports Ltd.

Sports Car International

Sports Car International (SCI) was an automobile magazine published in the United States from 1986 to 2008 by Ross Periodicals Inc, first in Newport Beach, but then later in Novato, California.

Stephen Trafton

Stephen Trafton is a financial turnaround manager, land speed record holder, Arctic explorer and historian. In his position as the head of a major American bank, he also pursued a landmark breach-of-contract legal action against the U.S. Government. The suit asserted that the Federal Government is liable for damages due to a breach-of-contract on its part, even if that breach was caused by congressional action. This principle was upheld by the United States Supreme Court in a 7 to 2 ruling.

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Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa (F110) 512TR F512 M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 grand tourer 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365
GTC/4
365 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288GTO F40 F50
     Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Dino car timeline
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