Ferrari 250 GT Lusso

The Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso is a GT car which was manufactured by Italian automaker Ferrari from 1963 to 1964. Sometimes known as the GTL, GT/L or just Lusso, it is larger and more luxurious[α] than the 250 GT Berlinetta. The 250 GT Lusso, which was not intended to compete in sports car racing, is considered to be one of the most elegant Ferraris.[3][4][5][6]

Keeping in line with the Ferrari "tradition" of that time, the 250 GT Lusso was designed by the Turinese coachbuilder Pininfarina, and bodied by Carrozzeria Scaglietti. Although the interior was more spacious than that of the 250 GT, the 250 GT Lusso remained a two-seat GT coupe, unlike the 250 GTE. The car was manufactured for only eighteen months, from early 1963 to mid 1964, and was the last model of Ferrari 250 GT generation.

Auto shows often provide an opportunity for manufacturers to introduce new designs publicly. Ferrari did so at the 1962 Paris Motor Show to unveil, as a prototype, the 250 GT Lusso.[3] The prototype was almost identical to the production version, and only minor details changed thereafter.[4]

The new model was a way for Ferrari to fill a void left between the sporty 250 GT SWB and the luxurious 250 GTE 2+2,[7][β] the Lusso met the new demands of the 1960s. Indeed, fans of sporting driving of the time became as fond of civilized designs, that is, comfortable and spacious, as they were of radical sports cars.[4][8] Ferrari did not skimp on details in the GTL, which shows on the scales; weight ranged from 1,020 to 1,310 kg (2,250 to 2,890 lb), depending on equipment.[9]

Unusually brief for a Ferrari model, GTL's production began January 1963 and ended August 1964. According to a longstanding American expert on Ferrari, Peter Coltrin, the construction of the 250 GT Lusso must have begun soon after the presentation of the prototype of the Paris Motor Show.[10]

Although it was not intended to compete, the 250 GT Lusso made a few appearances in several sporting events in 1964 and 1965, such as the Targa Florio and the Tour de France. The final iteration of the 250 GT series, 351 copies of GT Lusso were produced before being replaced by the Ferrari 275 GTB. (Note nomenclature change due to increase in engine cylinder capacity.)[3] Originally sold for $13,375, the GTL saw sales in 2010 between $400,000 and $500,000,[11] and in 2013 values approached 4 times this figure.

Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso
Ferrari 250 GT Lusso Berlinetta
Ferrari 250 GT Lusso at the Goodwood Breakfast Club 2008
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Also calledGTL, GT/L
Production1963–1964 (351 examples produced)
AssemblyModena, Italy (Carrozzeria Scaglietti)
DesignerPininfarina
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
LayoutFR layout
Powertrain
Engine3.0 L (2953.21 cc) Tipo 168U Colombo V12[1]
Transmission4 and 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)[2]
Length4,410 mm (173.6 in)
Width1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height1,290 mm (50.8 in)
Curb weight1,020–1,310 kg (2,250–2,890 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 GT Coupé
SuccessorFerrari 275 GTB

External appearance

Ferrari 250 GT Lusso 2
The rear window provides good visibility

Using certain aesthetic and aerodynamic features of the 250 GT and 250 GTO, Pininfarina led the design of the 250 GT Lusso,[γ] regarded by many as one of the most beautiful Ferraris ever made;[3][11] it attracted notable personalities of that time, such as Steve McQueen and Eric Clapton.

As usual, the company Carrozzeria Scaglietti was responsible for the manufacturing of the body. The body was made of steel with the exception of the doors, boot lid, and bonnet, which were made of aluminum.[12] The stern of the body featured a small integrated spoiler; the 250 GTL became the first Ferrari to incorporate such aerodynamic appendages,[12] concluding with an abrupt Kammback rear.[7][13]

The short rear is also characterized by a bezel that slopes down to the "tail" of the car.[11] The glazed surfaces, including the rear window and triangular quarter windows, provided good visibility.[11][14] The 250 GTL came with four round headlights in the front with the exception of a few versions, like the Berlinetta Speciale Coupe that was designed by Battista Pininfarina for himself, featuring two headlights streamlined like those of the Ferrari 250 GT California Spyder.[12][15] Numerous details of the body are unique to the 250 GT Lusso, such as the rectangular air vent placed on the hood, curved wings, and chrome bumpers, which were mainly decorative and positioned vertically beneath the indicator lights.[15]

Interior

Ferrari 250 GT Lusso Inside
The instrument panel of the 250 GT Lusso had an unusual design for its time.

As a variation of the luxurious 250 GT, the 250 GT Lusso had a spacious interior, made possible by the forward position of the engine; this was an unusual design choice at the time for Ferrari, known for their sports cars which emphasized even front/rear weight distribution. As the car was only a two-seater, there was a fairly capacious boot space with a parcel shelf, covered in quilted leather.[3][16]

While 250 GT Lusso was a civilized sport car, it was nevertheless "recommended in preference to young and flexible passengers" due to the fixed-position seatbacks. Despite this, the pedals were adjustable to 5 cm (2.0 inches), as in the racing versions.[16] The design of the instrument panel, covered with soft and black leather was unusual; the tachometer, with a red zone beginning at 8,000 rpm, and the speedometer were placed at the center slightly tilted towards the driver. Five additional gauges were positioned in front of the driver, behind the three-spoke Nardi steering wheel made of wood and aluminum, placed almost vertically.[12][17]

Chassis, brakes and suspensions

Ferrari 250 GT Lusso 4
The 250 GT Lusso has a short wheelbase of 2.40 m (94 in).

Contrary to the 250 GTE "2+2" which had a wheelbase of 2.6 m (100 inches), the GT Lusso was built on a short wheelbase of 2.4 m (94 inches), identical to that of the 250 GT Berlinetta.[3] The chassis was adopted from the tubular structure of the 250 GTO, but with narrower tubes.[7][18] The chassis could, according to Brian Laban, author of Ferrarissime, "brilliantly support the comparison with that of competitors".[16]

At the level of suspensions, the 250 GT Lusso had double wishbones and coil springs at the front, while the rear suspension comprised a live axle, leaf springs, semi-elliptical concentric coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers. Braking was provided by four-wheel disc brakes with hydraulic control, placed behind the polished aluminum Borrani wire wheels with single knockoffs, fitted with 185VR15 Pirelli Cinturato CA67 tyres.[7]

Engine and transmission

1963 Ferrari 250 GT Lusso Engine Compartment
Engine compartment of 1963 Ferrari 250 GT/L Lusso

The 250 GT/L Lusso used a Colombo-designed V12 engine with a displacement of 2,953.21 cc (3.0 L; 180.2 cu in).[1] This engine developed an output of 240 hp (180 kW) at 7,500 rpm and 242 N⋅m (178 lbf⋅ft) torque at 5,500 rpm. It was able attain a maximum speed of 240 km/h (150 mph), thus becoming the fastest passenger car of that period,[6] and required only 7 to 8 seconds to accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph).[3][16] Certain components such as the valves and the crankshaft, were derived from the engine of the 250 GT SWB, while others, such as the pistons and the cylinder block, were derived from the 250 GTE.[12]

The engine was equally "civilized" as the interior, given that it was provided with just one overhead cam head through the cylinder bank, two chain driven valves per cylinder and three dual-barrel Weber 36 DCS carburetors, compared to the twin-cam heads and six carburetors used on high performance models.[9]

This V12 engine suffered major smoke emissions during high acceleration and vibrations around 3,700 rpm. This was the reason that Steve McQueen, angered by the smoke in spite of persistent engine repairs, sold his 250 GT/L in 1967.[11][19] The gearbox also accused several synchronized weaknesses, since it had only four gears, of which the first proved to be somewhat long in order to enhance from 0 to 100 km/h.[3][16]

Heritage

Being the last representative of the Ferrari 250 lineage, beginning in 1952 with the 250 S, the end of the production of the 250 GT Lusso in 1964 heralded the beginning of a new generation of Ferraris, increasingly luxurious and refined, such as the Ferrari 275 and 330.

The Ferrari 250 GT Lusso also marked the conclusion of a marketing strategy of Enzo Ferrari, according to which "Ferrari racing cars were sold, for car racing lined with the traffic, so that it can make the race competitive".[20] Thus, Ferrari became a fully functional car manufacturer that attracted important customers interested in funding its passion for motor racing.[20]

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ Lusso means "luxury" in Italian.
  2. ^ The 1950s were marked by the rapid evolution of road infrastructure, inducing increased demand for the faster and more balanced automobiles known as Grand Touring. Seating just two in the front and two in the rear, thus 2+2.
  3. ^ The 250 GT Lusso is also the first Ferrari model to have a crest on its Pininfarina body, usually maintained thereafter by the Turin designer.

References

  1. ^ a b "Ferrari 250 gt berlinetta lusso". Ferrari GT - en-EN. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  2. ^ "1964 Ferrari 250 GT Lusso". supercars.net. Retrieved 2012-06-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gilles Bonnafous (April 16, 2002). "Ferrari 250 GT Lusso" (in French). Motorlegend. p. 2. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c B. Laban, Ferrarissime, 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso, p.77
  5. ^ Martin, Keith (2004). Keith Martin on Collecting Ferrari. Motorbooks International. ISBN 978-0-7603-1971-0. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Adler, Dennis (1997). Ferrari. Motorbooks International. ISBN 978-0-7603-0273-6. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d "Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso". QV500.com. p. 1. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  8. ^ Gunn, Richard (2006). Supercars : les voitures les plus extraordinaires au monde [Supercars: the most extraordinary cars in the world] (in French). Gremese Editore. ISBN 978-88-7301-623-6.
  9. ^ a b B. Laban, Ferrarissime, 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso, p.78
  10. ^ "Ferrari 250 GTL – Berlinetta Lusso". Ferrari For Sale. Archived from the original on August 30, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e John Apen. "1963 Ferrari 250 GTL "Lusso" Berlinetta". Sports Car Market. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Ferrari 250 GT/L Lusso". How Stuff Works ?. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  13. ^ B. Laban, Ferrarissime, 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso, p.81
  14. ^ H. Lehbrink et al., Ferrari, 250 GT Lusso, p.142/
  15. ^ a b "Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso". QV500.com. p. 2. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c d e B. Laban, Ferrarissime, 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso, p.80
  17. ^ H. Lehbrink et al., Ferrari, 250 GT Lusso, p.142
  18. ^ H. Lehbrink et al., Ferrari, 250 GT Lusso, p.143
  19. ^ H. Lehbrink et al., Ferrari, 250 GT Lusso, p.146
  20. ^ a b B. Laban, Ferrarissime, 250 GTE (250 GT 2+2), p.59

Works cited

  • Laban, Brian (2009). Ferrarissime (in French). Atlas publishers. ISBN 978-2-7234-7314-9.
  • Lehbrink, Hartmut; W. Schlegelmilch, Rainer; von Osterroth, Jochen (2004). Ferrari (in French). Place des Victoires Publishing. ISBN 978-2-84459-078-7.

External links

James Coburn

James Harrison Coburn III (August 31, 1928 – November 18, 2002) was an American actor. He featured in more than 70 films, largely action roles, and made 100 television appearances during a 45-year career, ultimately winning an Academy Award in 1999 for his supporting role as Glen Whitehouse in Affliction.

A capable, rough-hewn leading man, his toothy grin and lanky physique made him a perfect tough guy in numerous leading and supporting roles in westerns and action films, such as The Magnificent Seven, Hell Is for Heroes, The Great Escape, Charade, Our Man Flint, In Like Flint, Duck, You Sucker!, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, and Cross of Iron. Coburn provided the voice of Mr. Waternoose in the Pixar film Monsters, Inc.During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Coburn cultivated an image synonymous with "cool" and, along with such contemporaries as Lee Marvin, Steve McQueen, and Charles Bronson, became one of the prominent "tough-guy" actors of his day.

List of automobile sales by model

This is a partial list of automobile sales by model. Wherever possible, references to verify the claims have been included, however even figures given by manufacturers may have a degree of inaccuracy or hyperbole. Also note that a single vehicle can be sold concurrently under several nameplates in different markets, as with for example the Nissan Sunny; in such circumstances manufacturers often provide only cumulative sales figures for all models. As a result, there is no definitive standard for measuring sales.

Vehicles listed in italics are those who achieved their figures through sales of a single generation without any major redesign. The most common distinction is to refer to these specifically as the "bestselling vehicles", as opposed to "bestselling nameplates", where sales have been achieved through perpetuation of the brand name across several unrelated generations of automobiles.

The three vehicles most frequently cited as the bestselling automobiles in the world are the Toyota Corolla, Ford F-Series, and the Volkswagen Golf.

Lusso

Lusso may refer to:

Lusso (magazine), United Kingdom-based luxury lifestyle publication

Lusso, a Unilever ice cream brand in Switzerland

Hasselblad Lusso, a variant of the Sony α ILCE-7R digital mirrorless camera

L or Lusso, Fiat 500 model (1968-1972)

Ferrari 250 GT Lusso, a luxury Italian sports car

Lusso, an apparel company based on instagram as ‘lussoapparel’

Mercedes-Benz W113

See Mercedes-Benz SL-Class for a complete overview of all SL-Class models.The Mercedes-Benz W 113 is a two-seat roadster/coupé, introduced at the 1963 Geneva Motor Show, and produced from 1963 through 1971. It replaced both the 300 SL (W 198) and the 190 SL (W 121 BII). Of the 48,912 W 113 SLs produced, 19,440 were sold in the US.

The W 113 SL was developed under the auspices of Mercedes-Benz Technical Director Fritz Nallinger, Chief Engineer Rudolf Uhlenhaut and Head of Styling Friedrich Geiger. The lead designers were Paul Bracq and Béla Barényi, who created its patented, slightly concave hardtop, which inspired the "Pagoda" nickname.

All models were equipped with an inline-six cylinder engine with multi-port fuel injection. The bonnet, boot lid, door skins and tonneau cover were made of aluminum to reduce weight. The comparatively short and wide chassis, combined with an excellent suspension, powerful brakes and radial tires gave the W 113 superb handling for its time. The styling of the front, with its characteristic upright Bosch "fishbowl" headlights and simple chrome grille, dominated by the large three-pointed star in the nose panel, paid homage to the 300 SL roadster.

W 113 SLs were typically configured as a "Coupe/Roadster" with a soft-top and an optional removable hardtop. A 2+2 was introduced with the 250 SL "California Coupe," which had a fold-down rear bench seat instead of the soft-top.

Sports car

A sports car is designed to emphasise handling, performance or thrill of driving. Sports cars originated in Europe in the early 1900s and are currently produced by many manufacturers around the world.

Steve McQueen

Terrence Stephen McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American actor. McQueen was nicknamed "The King of Cool", and his antihero persona developed at the height of the counterculture of the 1960s made him a top box-office draw during the 1960s and 1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles. His other popular films include The Cincinnati Kid, Love With the Proper Stranger, The Thomas Crown Affair, Bullitt, The Getaway, and Papillon, as well as the all-star ensemble films The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, and The Towering Inferno. In 1974, he became the highest-paid movie star in the world, although he did not act in films again for four years. McQueen was combative with directors and producers, but his popularity placed him in high demand and enabled him to command large salaries.

Tower Heist

Tower Heist is a 2011 American heist comedy film directed by Brett Ratner and written by Ted Griffin and Jeff Nathanson, based on a story by Bill Collage, Adam Cooper and Griffin. The plot follows Josh Kovaks (Ben Stiller), Charlie Gibbs (Casey Affleck) and Enrique Dev'reaux (Michael Peña), employees of an exclusive apartment building who lose their pensions in the Ponzi scheme of Wall Street businessman Arthur Shaw (Alan Alda). The group enlist the aid of criminal Slide (Eddie Murphy), bankrupt businessman Mr. Fitzhugh (Matthew Broderick) and another employee of the apartment building, Odessa (Gabourey Sidibe), to break into Shaw's apartment and steal back their money while avoiding the FBI agent in charge of his case, Claire Denham (Téa Leoni).

Tower Heist began development as early as 2005, based on an idea by Murphy that would star himself and an all-black cast of comedians as a heist group who rob Trump International Hotel and Tower. As the script developed and changed into an Ocean's Eleven–style caper, Murphy left the project. Ratner continued to develop the idea into what would eventually become Tower Heist, with Murphy later rejoining the production. Filming took place entirely in New York City on a budget of $75 million (after tax rebates), with several buildings provided by Donald Trump used to represent the eponymous tower. The film score was composed by Christophe Beck and released commercially on November 1, 2011.

The film received mixed reviews with much of the praise going to the cast, including Broderick, Leoni and Stiller. However, Murphy was repeatedly singled out by critics as the star of the film, with critics feeling that he displayed a welcome return to the comedic style of his early career. Much of the criticism received by the film was focused on the plot, which was considered "formulaic," "rushed," "dull" and "laborious." The film was released on November 4, 2011 and earned $152 million worldwide.

Prior to release, the film was involved in a controversy over plans by Universal Pictures to release it for home viewing on video on demand to 500,000 Comcast customers, only three weeks after its theatrical debut. Concern over the implementation's harming ticket sales and inspiring further films to follow suit resulted in several theater chains' refusal to show the film at all if the plan went ahead, forcing Universal to abandon the idea.

V12 engine

A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of six cylinders each, usually but not always at a 60° angle to each other, with all 12 pistons driving a common crankshaft. Since each cylinder bank is essentially a straight-six which is by itself in both primary and secondary balance, a V12 inherits perfect primary and secondary balance no matter which V angle is used, and therefore it needs no balance shafts. A four-stroke 12 cylinder engine has an even firing order if cylinders fire every 60° of crankshaft rotation, so a V12 with cylinder banks at 60° or 180° will have even firing intervals without using split crankpins. By using split crankpins or ignoring minor vibrations, any V angle is possible. The 180° configuration is usually referred to as a "flat-twelve engine" or a "boxer" although it is in reality a 180° V since the pistons can and normally do use shared crankpins. It may also be written as "V-12", although this is less common.

Ferrari road car timeline, 1947–1969 — next »
Type 1940s 1950s 1960s
7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Sports 275 S 340 Mexico/MM 375 MM 375 Plus 410 S
125 S 166 S/166 MM 195 S 212 Export 225 S 250 MM 250 Monza 315 S 250 Testa Rossa 250 LM
159 S 250 S 290 MM 335 S 250  GTO
Berlinetta 250 GT "Tour de France" 250 GT "SWB" 250 GT Lusso 275 GTB 275 GTB/4 365 GTB/4
Coupé 166 Inter 195 Inter 212 Inter 250 Europa 250 Europa GT 250 GT Boano 250 GT Ellena 250 GT Coupé Pinin Farina 330 GTC 365 GTC
2+2 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2
Spider 250 GT Cabriolet 275 GTS 330 GTS 365 GTS
250 GT California Spyder
America 340/342 America 375 America 410 Superamerica 400 Superamerica 500 Superfast 365 California
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