Ferrari 250 GTO

The Ferrari 250 GTO is a GT car produced by Ferrari from 1962 to 1964 for homologation into the FIA's Group 3 Grand Touring Car category. It was powered by Ferrari's Tipo 168/62 Colombo V12 engine.

The "250" in its name denotes the displacement in cubic centimeters of each of its cylinders; "GTO" stands for Gran Turismo Omologata,[4] Italian for "Grand Touring Homologated."

Just 36 of the 250 GTOs were manufactured between 1962 and 1964. This includes 33 cars with 1962-63 bodywork (Series I) and three with 1964 (Series II) bodywork similar to the Ferrari 250 LM. Four of the older 1962-1963 (Series I) cars were updated in 1964 with Series II bodies.

When new, the GTO cost $18,000 in the United States, with buyers personally approved by Enzo Ferrari and his dealer for North America, Luigi Chinetti. In October 2013, Connecticut-based collector Paul Pappalardo sold chassis number 5111GT to an unnamed buyer for a new record of around $52 million.[5] In June 2018, the 1963 250 GTO set an all-time record selling price of $70 million.[6][7]

In 2004, Sports Car International placed the 250 GTO eighth on a list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s, and nominated it the top sports car of all time. Similarly, Motor Trend Classic placed the 250 GTO first on a list of the "Greatest Ferraris of All Time."[8] Popular Mechanics named it the "Hottest Car of All Time." [9]

Ferrari 250 GTO
1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, chassis 3851GT
1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, chassis 3851GT
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1962–1964
(36 produced)
DesignerGiotto Bizzarrini
Sergio Scaglietti
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Body style2-door berlinetta
LayoutFR layout
Related330 LMB
250 LM
Powertrain
Engine2,953 cc (3.0 L; 180.2 cu in)
Tipo 168 Comp/62 60º V12
SOHC 2 valves per cylinder valvetrain configuration
6 Weber 38 DCN carburetors
300 PS (296 hp; 221 kW) @ 7500 rpm
294 N⋅m; 217 lbf⋅ft (30 kg⋅m) @ 5500 rpm
Compression ratio 9.7:1 [1][2][3]
Transmission5-speed Dog-leg manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length4,325 mm (170.3 in)
Width1,600 mm (63.0 in)
Height1,210 mm (47.6 in)
Curb weight880 kg (1,940 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 250 GT SWB
SuccessorFerrari 250 LM
Ferrari 250 coupé gto 1962 -ab
Rear view of 1962 250 GTO (chassis 4153GT)

Design and development

The 250 GTO was designed to compete in Group 3 GT racing, where its rivals would include the Shelby Cobra, Jaguar E-Type and Aston Martin DP214.[10] The development of the 250 GTO was headed by chief engineer Giotto Bizzarrini. Although Bizzarrini is usually credited as the designer of the 250 GTO, he and most other Ferrari engineers were fired in 1962 due to a dispute with Enzo Ferrari . Further development of the 250 GTO was overseen by new engineer Mauro Forghieri, who worked with Scaglietti to continue development of the body.[11] The design of the car was a collaborative effort and cannot be ascribed to a single person.

The mechanical aspects of 250 GTO were relatively conservative at the time of its introduction, using engine and chassis components that were proven in earlier competition cars. The chassis of the car was based on that of the 250 GT SWB, with minor differences in frame structure and geometry to reduce weight, stiffen and lower the chassis. The car was built around a hand-welded oval tube frame, incorporating A-arm front suspension, rear live-axle with Watt's linkage, disc brakes, and Borrani wire wheels. The engine was the race-proven Tipo 168/62 Comp. 3.0 L (2,953 cc) V12 as used in the 250 Testa Rossa Le Mans winner. An all-alloy design utilizing a dry sump and six 38DCN Weber carburetors, it produced approximately 300 PS (296 bhp; 221 kW) at 7500 rpm and 294 N⋅m; 217 lbf⋅ft (30 kg⋅m) at 5500 rpm of torque. The gearbox was a new 5-speed unit with Porsche-type synchromesh.[11]

Bizzarrini focused his design effort on the car's aerodynamics in an attempt to improve top speed and stability. The body design was informed by wind tunnel testing at Pisa University as well as road and track testing with several prototypes. The resulting all-aluminium bodywork had a long, low nose, small radiator inlet, and distinctive air intakes on the nose with removable covers. Early testing resulted in the addition of a rear spoiler. The underside of the car was covered by a belly pan and had an additional spoiler underneath formed by the fuel tank cover. The aerodynamic design of the 250 GTO was a major technical innovation compared to previous Ferrari GT cars, and in line with contemporary developments by manufacturers such as Lotus. The bodies were constructed by Scaglietti, with the exception of early prototypes with bodies constructed in-house by Ferrari or by Pininfarina (in the case of s/n 2643 GT). Cars were produced in many colours, with the most famous being the bright red "Rosso Cina".[11]

Ferrari 250 GTO ser. no. 3647GT interior
Interior of 250 GTO (chassis 3647GT)

The minimalist interior of a 250 GTO reflects the car's racing intentions. There is no speedometer, seats are cloth-upholstered, and neither carpeting nor a headliner was installed. Cockpit ventilation is via exterior air inlets.[11] The exposed metal gate defining the shift pattern became a Ferrari tradition maintained in production models until replaced by steering column-mounted paddle shifters in the 2000s.[12]

Variants and related models

Handbuild production, updates, and repairs throughout each car's competition history result in differences both visible and invisible between individual 250 GTOs. Variance in air intake/vent configuration is common among cars. Modifications to the original bodywork were performed by the factory, Scaglietti, or other body shops, usually after crashes or according to a racing team's wishes.[11]

Ferrari 1964 250 GTO on Pebble Beach Tour d'Elegance 2011 -Moto@Club4AG
1964 250 GTO (chassis 5575GT), clearly showing the updated Series II bodywork

In 1964, Ferrari tasked Mauro Forghieri and Mike Parkes with redesigning the 250 GTO's bodywork, resulting in what became known as the GTO '64 (or Series II). Three new cars were produced to the 1964 specification, and four earlier 250 GTOs were retrofitted to it by the factory.[11] This redesign was intended to maintain the GTO's competitiveness for one more year, as the FIA decided to not approve the 250 LM for GT-class racing during the 1964 season. The Ferrari engineers incorporated many of the 250LM's aerodynamic features into the 1964 GTO. This resulted in a visual similarity between the two models, even though the GTO does not share the 250LM's mid engine rear wheel drive layout. The factory also made minor modifications to the engine, gearbox, chassis, suspension and interior. Despite these changes, the overall performance improvement was slight. The GTO '64 still saw some racing success with factory and privateer teams, including an overall win at Daytona in 1964 by Phil Hill and Pedro Rodriguez driving for NART. [13][14][15]

Three 330 GTO specials were made using the 250 GTO chassis and body fitted with 400 Superamerica 4.0L motors. Distinguished by a larger bonnet bulge, these cars were used briefly for racing and testing by Scuderia Ferrari before being sold to private customers.[16]

The 330 LMB is sometimes considered a GTO variant. These cars used a 4.0L 330 motor and a modified 250 GT Lusso chassis/body. Four were produced in 1963.

Three 275 GTB/C Speciales were built in 1964/65. Despite their origins as competition versions of the 275 GTB, they are sometimes considered developments of the 250 GTO due to similarity of configuration and bodywork.[17][18]

The Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan was a one-off racing car designed for Scuderia Serenissima by Bizzarrini after his departure from Ferrari. It was developed specifically to compete against the then-new 250 GTO. Although based on the earlier 250 GT SWB, the Breadvan provided an opportunity for Bizzarrini to develop the ideas he had first explored with the GTO, such as lower and more aerodynamic bodywork, incorporation of a dry sump, and radical lightening of the entire car.

Racing

GTO Heaven - Goodwood Revival 2012 (8255074325)
Four 250 GTOs and one 330 GTO (second to last car) at the 2012 Goodwood Revival
1963-05-19 Ferrari 250 GTO mit Kalman von Csazy (b)
250 GTO (chassis 3809GT) driven by Kalman von Czazy and Karl Foitek during the 1963 1000km Nürburgring

FIA regulations in 1962 required at least one hundred examples of a car to be built in order for it to be homologated for Group 3 Grand Touring Car racing.[19] However, Ferrari built only 39 250 GTOs (33 of the "normal" cars, three with the four-litre 330 engine sometimes called the "330 GTO"—recognizable by the large hump on the bonnet—and three "Type 64" cars, with revised bodywork). Ferrari eluded FIA regulations by numbering its chassis out of sequence, using jumps between each to suggest cars that did not exist.[20] When FIA inspectors appeared to confirm that 100 examples had been built, Enzo Ferrari shuffled the same cars between different locations, thus giving the impression that the full complement of 100 cars was present.[21]

The car debuted at the 12 Hours of Sebring in 1962, driven by American Phil Hill (the Formula One World Driving Champion at the time) and Belgian Olivier Gendebien. Although originally annoyed that they were driving a GT-class car instead of one of the full-race Testa Rossas competing in the prototype class, the experienced pair impressed themselves (and everyone else) by finishing second overall behind the Testa Rossa of Bonnier and Scarfiotti.

Ferrari would go on to win the over 2000cc class of the FIA's International Championship for GT Manufacturers in 1962, 1963, and 1964,[22] the 250 GTO being raced in each of those years. 250 GTOs also won the 1963 and 1964 Tour de France Automobile, marking Ferrari's nine year dominance of that race.

The 250 GTO was one of the last front-engined cars to remain competitive at the top level of sports car racing. Before the advent of vintage racing the 250 GTO, like other racing cars of the period, passed into obsolescence. Some were used in regional races, while others were used as road cars.

Collectibility

From the late 1970s to the late 1980s, classic car values rose rapidly and the 250 GTO became the most valuable Ferrari model, touted as the Ferrari that most completely embodies the characteristics of the manufacturer. Prices fell substantially during the car market crash of the early 90s, resulting in lows of $2,700,000 in September 1994 and $2,500,000 in May 1996. Prices began to climb again in the late 90s and have continued to rise through the present day. 250 GTOs have repeatedly broken records for most expensive car ever sold at auction or private sale.[6][7][5][23][24] Scarcity and high prices led to the creation of several replica 250 GTOs on more common Ferrari chassis. Misrepresentations of the original cars, offered for sale at full market value, have been reported.[25]

Price History

A 250 GTO (4757GT) belonging to the deceased Robert C. "Chris" Murray, a drug dealer who fled the United States in 1984, was seized by the FBI and sold in a sealed auction in 1987 for approximately $1.6 million. Murray bought the car in 1982 from a Beverly Hills dealer with $250,000 in cash from a backpack full of $20 and $50 notes.[26] In 1989, at the peak of the boom, a 250 GTO was sold to a Japanese buyer for $14.6 million plus commission.[27] By 1994 that example changed hands for about $3.5 million.[27] In 2008, a British buyer[28] bought a 250 GTO that formerly belonged to Lee Kun-hee of Samsung Electronics[29] at an auction for a record £15.7 million.[30] In May 2010, BBC Radio 2 DJ Chris Evans bought chassis number 4675 GT for £12 million.[31] According to Octane Magazine, the Ferrari 250 GTO bearing chassis number 5095GT was sold by British real estate agent Jon Hunt to an unknown buyer. It has been disclosed that the buyer was Carlos Hank Rhon of Mexico, a member of one of the most influential families within the PRI ruling party. In February 2012, in what is believed to be the largest single car transaction in the United Kingdom, a Ferrari 250 GTO sold for over £20 million (approx. US$31.7 million).[32]

On August 25, 2018, RM Sotheby's sold Greg Whitten's 250 GTO 3413GT at their Monterey auction.[14] The final price inclusive of buyer's fee was $48,405,000, representing a new record for most expensive car ever sold at auction. The previous record was also held by a 250 GTO, 3851GT, which was sold at the Bonhams Quail Lodge auction in 2014. [24][23]

The price development of the GTO, all in US dollars is:

  • 1962–4 (new): $18,500
  • 1965: $4,000[33]
  • 1965 (Dec): $10,500
  • 1968 (Jun): $6,000
  • 1969: $2,500 (Kruse International auction)
  • 1971 (Jan): $9,500
  • 1971 (Mar): $6,000 (Number 3589GT)
  • 1971 (Jul): $12,000
  • 1973 (Jul): $17,500 (£7,000)
  • 1974 (Spring): $28,000 (£12,450)
  • 1975 (Spring): $35,000 (Number 3223GT)
  • 1975 (Dec): $48,000
  • 1977 : £37,000 - Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason bought his car with his proceeds from the album Dark Side Of The Moon[34]
  • 1978 (Aug): $90,000 (Number 3987GT - Good original condition)
  • 1978 (Sep): $125,000 (Number 3387GT - Concours (perfect) condition)
  • 1980 (Mar): $180,000-200,000 (Number 3445GT - asking price following restoration)
  • 1983: $300,000
  • 1984: $500,000
  • 1985: $650,000 (Number 3987GT)[35]
  • 1986: $1,000,000 (Number 3589GT)
  • 1987 (Oct): $1,600,000 (Number 4757GT)
  • 1988 (Jul): $4,200,000 (Number 3589GT)
  • 1989 (Jul): $10,000,000
  • 1990 (Jan): $13,000,000
  • 1993: $3,000,000-3,500,000 (Number 4219GT)[36]
  • 1997: $2,200,000
  • 1998: $6,000,000 (Number 3729GT)[37]
  • 2000: $7,000,000 (Number 3413GT) Purchased by Greg Whitten.[38]
  • 2004: $10,600,000 (Number 3223GT)[39]
  • 2010: $26,000,000 (Number 3943GT)[40]
  • 2012 (May) $35,000,000 (Number 3505GT)[41]
  • 2013 (Oct) $52,000,000 (Number 5111GT)[42]
  • 2014 (Aug) $38,115,000 (Number 3851GT)[43]
  • 2018 (May) $70,000,000 (Number 4153GT)[6][44]
  • 2018 (August) $48,405,000 (Number 3413GT) Sold by Greg Whitten[14]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "1962 - 1963 Ferrari 250 GTO specifications". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  2. ^ "1962 Ferrari 250 GTO specifications". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  3. ^ "1962 Ferrari 250 GTO detailed specifications". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  4. ^ "Revealed on www.ferrari.com: the new 599 GTO - The fastest ever road-going Ferrari will be unveiled to the public at the Beijing Motor Show". Ferrari.com. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  5. ^ a b "Ferrari GTO Becomes Most Expensive Car at $52 Million". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  6. ^ a b c Strohl, Daniel (June 5, 2018). "Ferrari 250 GTO sells for $70 million, becomes world's most expensive car". Hemmings Motor News. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Ferrari GTO Becomes Most Expensive Car at $35 Million". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
  8. ^ "The Greatest Ferraris of All Time - Coupe - Motor Trend Classic". Motortrend.com. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  9. ^ Tate, James. "The 100 Hottest Cars of All Time". Popular Mechanics Magazine. Hearst Men's Group. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  10. ^ Shoen, Michael L. (1990), The Cobra-Ferrari Wars 1963-1965, CFW, ISBN 0-9625093-0-2
  11. ^ a b c d e f Pourret, Jess G. (1987), Ferrari 250 GT Competition Cars, Haynes, ISBN 0-85429-556-9
  12. ^ Pollard, Tim (11 November 2011), Ferrari click-clack manual transmissions, RIP, Car Magazine
  13. ^ Mallepelle, Paolo (1983). "The 64 GTO". Cavallino. 16: 22–28.
  14. ^ a b c "RM Sotheby's - 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO by Scaglietti | Monterey 2018". RM Sotheby's. 2018-08-26. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  15. ^ "Daytona 2000 Kilometres 1964 - Race Results - Racing Sports Cars". www.racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  16. ^ Ferrari 330 GTO, Supercars.net, retrieved 6 September 2014
  17. ^ 1964 Ferrari 275 GTB/C Speciale by Scaglietti, RM Auctions, retrieved 6 September 2014
  18. ^ Ridgley, Dyke (December 1988). "The 275 GTB/C - A History". Cavallino. 48: 26–33.
  19. ^ 1962 FIA Regulations Archived 2003-01-04 at Archive.today Retrieved from www.sovren.org on 22 July 2010
  20. ^ "250 GTO Chassis List". ferraribuy.com. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
  21. ^ "Do you remember...when Ferrari raced in blue". formula1.com. Retrieved 2015-10-28.
  22. ^ Jenkinson, Denis (1982), The Automobile Year Book of Sports Car Racing, 1982, p. 222
  23. ^ a b "1962 Ferrari 250 GTO Brings $48,400,000 in Monterey to Set New Record | Automobile Magazine". Automobile Magazine. 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  24. ^ a b "Bonhams : Ferrari 250 Gto Achieves $38,115,000 (£22,843,633)A New World Auction Record At Bonhams Quail Lodge Sale". www.bonhams.com. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  25. ^ Robert Frank (2014-07-31). "A $63 million Ferrari is a fake, expert says". Cnbc.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  26. ^ "U.s. Picks Up Quick Cash In Sale Of Rare Ferrari - Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 1987-11-27. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  27. ^ a b Sheehan, Michael. "When Japan Ruled the World", article reproduced from Sports Car Market, May 2006. Retrieved on September 4, 2008.
  28. ^ "250 GTO s/n 5095GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  29. ^ "Wheels - Recession-proof Ferrari fetches $42 million". Wheelsmag.com.au. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  30. ^ "Englishman Pays £15.7 Million for Ferrari 250 GTO", WorldofCars, September 22 2008. Retrieved on September 22, 2008.
  31. ^ "1963 Ferrari 250 GTO sold for 17.7 mil USD". carsession.com. 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
  32. ^ "Ferrari 250 GTO sells for more than US$30 million". Gizmag. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  33. ^ "Kidston - Arrivederci to Fabrizio Violati". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  34. ^ Classic car investment special: Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason on why he loves his Ferrari 250 GTO - Knight Frank Blog
  35. ^ "The Ups and Downs and Ups of the 250 GTO". Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  36. ^ "250 GTO s/n 4219GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  37. ^ "250 GTO s/n 3729GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  38. ^ "250 GTO s/n 3413GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  39. ^ "250 GTO s/n 3223GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  40. ^ "250 GTO s/n 3943GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  41. ^ "250 GTO s/n 3505GT". Barchetta.cc. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  42. ^ "1964 Ferrari 250 GTO Sells for Record $52M". JustLuxe.com. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  43. ^ "Bonhams : The Ex-Jo Schlesser/Henri Oreiller, Paolo Colombo, Ernesto Prinoth, Fabrizio Violati1962-63 FERRARI 250 GTO BERLINETTAChassis no. 3851GTEngine no. 3851GT". www.bonhams.com. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  44. ^ "Classic 1963 Ferrari 250 GTO sold for record $70 million". Fox News. 2018-06-01.

References

External links

1000 km of Paris

The 1000 Kilometres of Paris was an endurance race, mainly for sports cars, which was held at the Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry in France from 1956 to 1995.

1963 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 31st Grand Prix of Endurance in the 24 Hours of Le Mans series and took place on 15 and 16 June 1963. It was also the tenth round of the 1963 World Sportscar Championship season.

Despite good weather throughout the race, attrition was high leaving only twelve classified finishers. There were a number of major accidents, the most serious of which caused the death of Brazilian driver Christian Heins and bad injuries to Roy Salvadori and Jean-Pierre Manzon. This was the first win for a mid- or rear-engined car, and the first all-Italian victory – with F1 drivers Ludovico Scarfiotti and Lorenzo Bandini winning in their Ferrari 250 P. In fact Ferrari dominated the results list filling the first six places, and the winners’ margin of over 200 km (16 laps) was the biggest since 1927.

1964 12 Hours of Reims

The 12 Hours of Reims (official name: 12 Heures internationales de Reims) were a sports car endurance racing series held from 1953 to 1967 at the circuit Reims (Gueux).

1964 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1964 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 32nd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 20 and 21 June 1964. It was also the ninth round of the 1964 World Sportscar Championship season.

This year marked the arrival of American teams in force, with Ford V8 engines in ten cars. It also marked the last appearance of Aston Martin and Jaguar for twenty years. Over half the entrants were mid- or rear-engined, and almost half the field had a 3-litre engine or bigger. But the number of retirements due to gearbox and clutch issues from the increased power in the cars was noticeable.Ferrari was the winner for a record fifth year in a row – the 275 P of Nino Vaccarella and former Ferrari-privateer Jean Guichet covered a record distance. The second was the Ferrari of Graham Hill and Jo Bonnier for the British Maranello Concessionaires team, ahead of the works 330 P of John Surtees and Lorenzo Bandini. Ferrari dominance of the GT category was broken for the first time however by the new Shelby Cobra of Dan Gurney and Bob Bondurant finishing in fourth ahead of two of the Ferrari 250 GTOs.

1965 12 Hours of Reims

The 12 Hours of Reims (official name: 12 Heures internationales de Reims) were a sports car endurance racing series held in 1965 at the circuit Reims (Gueux).

Carlo Maria Abate

Carlo Maria Abate (10 July 1932 – 29 April 2019) was an Italian auto racing driver. He was one of the best Ferrari 250 GTO specialists. Abate preferred to be addressed as "Carlo Mario Abate" instead of his christened name.

Abate raced mostly for the private Italian team Scuderia Serenissima of Count Giovanni Volpi, but also for Scuderia Centro Sud, Scuderia Ferrari and the Porsche factory team. In 1959 he won the Mille Miglia with G. Balzarini.

He won one of the rounds of 1962 World Sportscar Championship: Trophée d'Auvergne on 15 July 1962.In 1962 he tried participating in Formula One races, entering the 1962 Naples Grand Prix in a Porsche, finishing fourth. After crashing his Lotus 18/21 at his next race at Reims-Gueux, he withdrew his entry to his first World Championship event, the 1962 French Grand Prix, and later also entered and withdrew from 1962 German Grand Prix. He returned to the track for the 1962 Mediterranean Grand Prix, where he came third. The following year, he drove a Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper to fifth place in the 1963 Imola Grand Prix, and came third at Syracuse. After withdrawing his entry to the 1963 Italian Grand Prix, he retired from the sport at the end of the year, his greatest year, culminating with a win at the Targa Florio in a factory Porsche with Jo Bonnier.Abate later became the director of a private clinic.

Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan

The Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan is a one-off Ferrari made in 1962 from a 1961 Ferrari 250 GT SWB, chassis number 2819 GT. It was built to compete against the new 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other FIA World Sportscar Championship races.

GTO (Sinitta song)

"GTO" is a song by Sinitta. It was released in 1987 as the fifth single from her self-titled debut album. The song is about a girl whose boyfriend cares more about his car, a Ferrari 250 GTO, than her.

Produced by Stock Aitken Waterman, the song was a top-20 hit in the UK, peaking at number 15.

Giotto Bizzarrini

Giotto Bizzarrini (6 June 1926 in Quercianella, Livorno Province, Italy) is an Italian automobile engineer active from the 1950s through the 1970s.

After graduating in 1953, Bizzarrini eventually joined Alfa Romeo as a test driver. He gained a reputation for identifying and solving problems and was head hunted by Ferrari in 1957. Bizzarrini's responsibility increased until he became sports car development chief at Ferrari in the late 1950s, working on such notable projects as the Ferrari 250 GTO. He split from the company as part of the 'Great Walkout' in 1961, worked first with ATS, and then in 1962 started his own company, Società Autostar, whose name was changed to Bizzarrini in 1964. In addition to producing the exotic Bizzarrini 5300 GT, Bizzarini also worked for other makers including Iso, Lamborghini, and Alfa Romeo. Several concept cars in the 2000s bear his name.

Greg Whitten

Greg Whitten is an American computer engineer, investor and car collector.

Whitten graduated from the University of Virginia with a B.A. in mathematics in 1973, and from Harvard University with a Ph.D. in applied mathematics in 1978.He worked for Compucolor, a company in Georgia established in 1977 that made the home computer Compucolor II (an early PC) but ran out of business in 1983. While here, he reputedly optimized an unlicensed copy of Microsoft Basic so effectively that Microsoft later forgave Compucolor for their infringement in exchange for the rights to the enhancements.

Jaguar XJ13

The Jaguar XJ13 was a prototype racing car developed by Jaguar Engineering Director William Heynes to compete at Le Mans in the mid 1960s.

It never raced, and only one was produced. The car has not been officially valued, but a £7 million bid for it was declined by the owners in 1996. It was more than 3 times the price of a Ferrari 250 GTO at the time.

Jean Guichet

Jean Guichet (born 10 August 1927 in Marseilles, France) is a French industrialist and former racing driver. He is most well known for winning the 1964 24 Hours of Le Mans with co-driver Nino Vaccarella, driving a Ferrari 275 P for Scuderia Ferrari. Guichet raced sports cars and rallied from 1948 through the late 1970s. He began his racing career as a self-funded independent driver but would later drive for teams including Scuderia Ferrari, the Abarth works team, Ecurie Filipinetti, Maranello Concessionaires, and NART.Guichet is also known as the first owner of 1963 Ferrari 250 GTO chassis number 5111GT, one of only 36 produced. He successfully raced this car, including an overall win of the 1963 Tour de France with co-driver Jose Behra. Following Guichet's sale of the car in 1965 and multiple subsequent ownership changes, this car was sold privately in September 2013 for $52,000,000 USD. This broke the then-current record for world's most expensive car.

Lego Speed Champions

LEGO Speed Champions is a auto racing-inspired theme of Lego building kits first released in 2015. The series featured Ferrari, McLaren, and Porsche models in its initial release. The theme later added Audi, Chevrolet, Ford, Mercedes-Benz and Bugatti. It is the third most popular LEGO line, behind City and Star Wars.

The theme was initially created by Automotive Designer Craig Callum during his time at LEGO.

In 2015 the theme started with the three iconic hyper cars of the time, the Ferrari Laferrari, McLaren P1 and the Porsche 918 Spyder. It also included Formula 1 cars from McLaren and Ferrari and Porsche 911 GT3 race cars.

2016 saw the introduction of Muscle cars, with the Ford Mustang, Chevrolet Corvette and Camaro. It also included a Ford Model A Hotrod and F-150 Raptor, as well as LMP race cars from Audi and Porsche.

For 2017 Speed Champions returned to Formula 1 cars from Ferrari and the championship-winning Mercedes AMG Petronas team. The McLaren 720S was included featuring a designer with a likeness to the Designer of the real car.

In 2018 the theme returned with five new sets featuring Ferrari and Porsche Race cars, including the Nurburgring Lap Record holding car, the Porsche 919 Hybrid. The line also included more classic vehicles such as a 1967 Ford Mustang. The largest set for this year included Ferrari race-cars, and also the Ferrari 250 GTO famously owned by Nick Mason of Pink Floyd, who is often seen racing his car at Goodwood Festival of Speed.

The most popular car featured was the McLaren P1, released in 2015.

The theme aims to take standard LEGO elements and create built versions of iconic and exotic racing cars and supercars. These are built with a "6-wide" format not previously used in LEGO for cars differentiating them from other lines like LEGO CITY by adding more detail to the cars.

It was announced at E3 2019 that Lego and Playground Games have partnered together to add a new expansion pack to Forza Horizon 4 featuring several cars from the line and a new location made out of Lego bricks. The expansion pack was released on June 13, 2019.

List of most expensive cars sold at auction

This is a list of the most expensive cars sold in auto auctions through the traditional bidding process, that of those that attracted headline grabbing publicity, mainly for the high price their new owners have paid.

August 2018 Ferrari 250 GTO (number 23) auctioned for $48.4 million.

June 2018: A 1963 Ferrari 250 GTO, known as the Holy Grail model, won the Tour de France in 1963, changed hands for a world record US$70 million (not auction). It is a 174 mph road-legal racing car and one of only 36 built between 1962 and 1964. It was purchased by an American businessman.

A 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, serial number 3413GT, sold at RM Sotheby's Auction on August 25, 2018 for US$48,405,000 (including buyer's premium). This broke the record previously held by another 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, serial number 3851GT, which sold for a then-record $38,115,000 (including buyer's premium) at Bonham's Quail Auction on August 14, 2014. While collectible cars have been sold privately for more, this is the highest price ever paid for a car at a public auction.The 1904 Rolls-Royce 10 hp Two-Seater is currently listed on the Guinness World Records as the most expensive veteran car to be sold, at the price of US$7,254,290 (equivalent to $8,765,000 in 2018), on a Bonhams auction held at Olympia in London on December 3, 2007.This list only consists of those that have been sold for at least $4 million in auction sales during a traditional bidding process, inclusive of the mandatory buyers premium and does not include private, unsuccessful (failing to reach its reserve price, incomplete) and out of auction sales.

McBurnie Coachcraft

McBurnie Coachcraft was a US bodywork company mostly known for their replicas of Ferrari Daytona Spyder. McBurnie also manufactured a Ferrari 250 GTO replica in the style of the Alpha One GTO, and the Velo Rossa.

The Daytona replicas are base on the Chevrolet Corvette C3 and became very popular because they were featured in the TV series Miami Vice where the main character Sonny Crockett drives a black Daytona Spyder. Ferrari took legal action to stop McBurnie and other replica manufacturers from producing those replicas, under the legal principle of trade dress.

An arson fire at McBurnie's shop on April 28, 1989 (less than a year after the case was decided) caused significant damage to the building and vehicles inside.Tom McBurnie went on to manufacture a hot rod kit called ″34 Lightning,″ as well as replicas of the Porsche 550 and Porsche 356 Speedster under the company name Thunder Ranch. McBurnie also produced the RIOT car as seen on the television series Baywatch. Tom partnered with San Diego State University to make an electric RIOT car with hybrid technology. The rights to the RIOT were sold to Nathan Wratislaw.In 2012 McBurnie sold his company to Carrera Coachwerks partners Theo Hanson and Alan Cassell. Anticipating a dispute with Porsche, the name was changed to Custom Coachwerks in 2013 or 2014. However, the El Cajon, CA shop was subsequently closed and assets divided by the partners.

North American Racing Team

The North American Racing Team (NART) was a motorsports racing team active from 1958 to 1982. It was created by businessman Luigi Chinetti to promote the Ferrari marque in United States through success in endurance racing.

It was created in 1958 when Chinetti received backing from wealthy racers George Arents and Jan de Vroom. Ferrari already had a close relationship with Chinetti due to his success in selling the maker's road cars in the important American markets, and thus NART received a continuous line of Ferrari racers and support from factory mechanics.

Pierre Scerri

Pierre Scerri is a French telecommunications engineer and model builder, who gained fame in 1998 after having his highly accurate 1:3 scale model of a Ferrari 312 PB featured on the BBC programme Jeremy Clarkson's Extreme Machines.

He began his project for the model in 1978, out of desire for having a Ferrari that could function in his dining room [1]. Pierre Bardinon, owner of the Mas du Clos race track, allowed Scerri to take detailed photographs of the actual car on display at the adjacent Ferrari museum. Based on those photographs, he drafted the schematics and made the molds for all parts of the model, a process which took 15 years.

In 1989, he finally completed assembly of the engine, a perfect scaled replica of the Flat-12 cylinder engine found on the 312PB. He reportedly took extra time tuning the engine so that it would sound like the full-scale model [2]. The project was finally completed in December 1992.

Scerri is now working on 3 new models, a Ferrari 330 P4, another Ferrari 312PB and an engine for a Ferrari 250 GTO, all 1:3 scale.

Vandenbrink GTO

The Vandenbrink GTO is a limited re-bodied version of the Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano. This means an entirely new coachwork, designed by Michiel van den Brink of Vandenbrink Design, is fitted on the stripped chassis and drivetrain of a Ferrari 599 GTB production car. The car's styling is inspired by the 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO as a tribute.

The new coachworks are handcrafted in aluminium by Dutch classic car restoration specialist and coachbuilder Alwin Hietbrink. Optional interior upholstery is hand-stitched by the Dutch Henk van Lith.

In cooperation with race engineer EDO Competition four versions are offered:

the 599 GTO (5998 cc / 650 hp / 630 Nm)

the high performance 630 GTO (6300 cc / 750 hp / 645374647 Nm)Only 5 GTO's will be built.

Velo Rossa

The Velo Rossa is a fibre reinforced plastic composite (usually fiberglass) automobile body built by Reaction Research (a.k.a. ZTrix.com and formerly known as VR Engineering) in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. It is designed to re-style the body of the 1970-1978 Datsun/Nissan S30 Z series cars. Front end appearance panels (hood, fenders) are replaced. Doors and rear external components (which are part of the unitized body/frame of the Datsun) are over-skinned after trimming out the wheel wells for wider tires.

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« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 1960s–1990s — next »
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
8 cylinder Mid-engine berlinetta 308 308 i 308 QV 328 348 360
208 208 Turbo GTB/GTS Turbo F355
Mid-engine 2+2 308 GT4 Mondial 8 Mondial QV Mondial 3.2 Mondial t
208 GT4
12 cylinder Boxer berlinetta 365 BB 512 BB 512i BB Testarossa (F110) 512TR F512 M
Grand tourer 250 275 365 GTB/4
"Daytona"
550 Maranello
America 330 365
2+2 grand tourer 250 GT/E 330 GT 2+2 365 GT 2+2 365
GTC/4
365 GT4 2+2 400 400 i 412 456 456M
Supercar 250 GTO 250 LM 288
GTO
F40 F50
     Sold under the Dino marque until 1976; see also Dino car timeline
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