The Ferrari 166 S was an evolution of Ferrari's 125 S sports race car that became a sports car for the street in the form of the 166 Inter. Only 12 Ferrari 166 S were produced, nine of them with cycle-fenders as Spyder Corsa, soon followed by the production of the Ferrari 166 MM (Mille Miglia) which was made in much larger numbers (47) from 1948 to 1953. The 166 MM was an updated 166 S and went on to score many of Ferrari’s early international victories, making the manufacturer a serious competitor in the racing industry. Both were later replaced by the 2.3 L 195 S.
|Ferrari 166 S|
Ferrari 166 MM
1949 Le Mans-winning Ferrari 166 MM
|Production||1948 – 1953|
9 (Spyder Corsa)
|Designer||Carlo Anderloni at Carrozzeria Touring, Carrozzeria Allemano|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2.0 L (1995.02 cc) Colombo V12|
|Wheelbase||2,420 mm (95 in)|
2,200 mm (87 in) (MM)
|Curb weight||800 kg (1,764 lb) (S, berlinetta)|
650 kg (1,433 lb) (MM, spider)
|Predecessor||Ferrari 159 S|
|Successor||Ferrari 195 S|
The 166 shared its Aurelio Lampredi-designed tube frame and double wishbone/live axle suspension with the 125. Like the 125, the wheelbase was 2420 mm long. Nine 166 Spyder Corsas and three 166 Sports were built. First two 166 S models were coachbuilt by Carrozzeria Allemano and last one by Carlo Anderloni at Carrozzeria Touring. Majority of 166 MM cars were bodied at Touring in barchetta form.
The 1.5 L Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine of the 125 was changed, however, with single overhead camshafts specified and a larger 2.0 L (1995 cc/121 in³) displacement. This was achieved with both a bore and stroke increase, to 60 by 58.8 mm respectively. Output was 110 PS (81 kW) at 5,600 rpm to 130 PS (96 kW) at 6,500 rpm with three carburetors, giving top speed of 170–215 km/h (106–134 mph). For 166 MM power output rose to 140 PS (103 kW) at 6,600 rpm and top speed to 220 km/h (137 mph).
The oldest Ferrari car with an undisputed pedigree still in existence is s/n 002C, a 166 Spider Corsa which was originally a 159 and is currently owned and driven by James Glickenhaus. s/n 0052M, a 1950 166 MM Touring Barchetta was uncovered in a barn and was shown in public for the first time since 1959 in the August 2006 issue of Cavallino magazine. One 166 MM, 1949 s/n 0018M, was bodied by Zagato in 'Panoramica' style very similar to their one-off Maserati A6 1500. It is considered as first Ferrari coachbuilt by Zagato. A year later it was rebodied as Zagato Spyder. Currently Zagato offers Sanction Lost programme to bring lost designs back to life. The aforementioned car was recreated in 2007.
Ferrari 166 S won Targa Florio with Clemente Biondetti and Igor Troubetzkoy in 1948. In 1949, Biondetti also won in 166 SC with Benedetti as co-driver. 166 S won 1948 Mille Miglia, also driven by Biondetti, this time with Giuseppe Navone. In 1949 Mille Miglia, Ferrari 166 MM Barchettas scored 1-2 victory with Biondetti/Salani and Bonetto/Carpani respectively. In 1949, the 166 MM also won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the hands of Luigi Chinetti and Lord Selsdon, and so the 166 was the only car ever to win all three races. Another 166 won the 1949 Spa 24 Hours.
A 166 chassis, this time with the bigger 195 S engine, won the Mille Miglia again in 1950 with drivers Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara.
The 1000 Kilometres of Monza (known after 1966 as "Trofeo Filippo Caracciolo") was an endurance race, mainly for sports cars, which was held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Italy.Carlo Felice Bianchi Anderloni
Carlo Felice Bianchi "Cici" Anderloni (7 April 1916 – 7 August 2003) was an Italian automobile designer, known for several designs for the Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera company.
After studying at the Politecnico di Milano he joined his father Felice Bianchi Anderloni (1882–1949) at his company Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera (1944) and subsequently led the design and production activities, after his father's death (1949). He was first involved in the Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS coupe (1949) and the
Ferrari 166 S (in barchetta body). The company was discontinued (1966) and Anderloni joined Alfa Romeo as advisor and later, as designer. Later he was involved in the Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile, was a frequently used judge at the Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este exhibitions, and led the Touring registry (1995-).Carrozzeria Allemano
Carrozzeria Allemano (established 1928, discontinued 1965) was an automobile coachbuilder in Turin, Italy, owned by Serafino Allemano.
Allemano made various cars based on their own designs. They also built externally designed vehicles, such as those by Giovanni Michelotti and Carrozzeria Scaglietti.Clemente Biondetti
Clemente Biondetti (18 August 1898 – 24 February 1955) was an Italian auto racing driver. Born into a working-class family, Biondetti raced motorcycles before turning to automobiles where he had greater success.Ferrari 159 S
Ferrari 159 S (1947) was the second Ferrari vehicle, succeeding the Ferrari 125 S that had won six of 14 races earlier in 1947. Only two 159S were built, one of these rebuilt as a Ferrari 166 Spyder Corsa, and as of 2012, the oldest remaining Ferrari.Ferrari 166
Ferrari used its 2 L (1995 cc/121 in3) V12 engine in a number of models, all called 166 for the displacement of a single cylinder. Most early 166es were sports cars built for racing, though a later line of GT cars launched the company's street model line.
The following models used the 166 name:
1948 Ferrari 166 F2 — Formula Two racer
1948 Ferrari 166 S Allemano — racing barchetta and coupé
1948 Ferrari 166 SC — motorcycle-fender Corsa racing roadster
1948 Ferrari 166 MM Touring — Superleggera racing barchetta and coupe
1949 Ferrari 166 MM Zagato — Racing barchetta and coupe
1949 Ferrari 166 Inter — Coachbuilt street coupe and cabriolet
1949 Ferrari 166 FL — Formula Libre racer
1953 Ferrari-Abarth 166 MM/53 — Racing barchetta and coupeThe 1965 Ferrari Dino 166P and 1967 Ferrari Dino 166 F2 — a Formula Two used a 1,6 L V6 engine.Ferrari 195 S
See also the 195 Inter grand tourerThe 195 S was a racing sports car produced by Ferrari in 1950. Introduced at the Giro di Sicilia on April 2, 1950, it was similar to the 166 MM also run at that race. The two cars, one open and one closed coupé, shared that car's 2,250 mm (89 in) wheelbase but sported an enlarged 2.3 L (2341 cc/142 in³) version of the Colombo V12. These two initial cars were forced to retire, but three came to the Mille Miglia of that year, with the event won by the 195 S Touring berlinetta of Giannino Marzotto with Serafini's Touring barchetta in second place.Franco Cortese
Franco Cortese (10 February 1903 in Oggebbio, Piedmont – 13 November 1986 in Milano) was an Italian racing driver. He entered 156 races between 1927 and 1958, of which one was a Formula 1 Grand Prix and three were Formula 2 Grands Prix. Cortese holds the record of most finishes in a Mille Miglia race: fourteen.
Besides having entered many races in an Alfa Romeo, Cortese became most famous for his affiliation with Ferrari between 1947 and 1949, driving the first race car built by Ferrari in 1947, the Ferrari 125 S, which brought victories at four races in 1947. In 1950 he co-founded the Formula One team Scuderia Ambrosiana with Giovanni Lurani, Luigi Villoresi and Eugenio Minetti.Grand tourer
A grand tourer (GT) is a car that is designed for high speed and long-distance driving, due to a combination of performance and luxury attributes. The most common format is a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive two-door coupé with either a two-seat or a 2+2 arrangement.
The term derives from the Italian language phrase gran turismo which became popular in the English language from the 1950s, evolving from fast touring cars and streamlined closed sports cars during the 1930s.Igor Troubetzkoy
Prince Igor Nikolayevich Troubetzkoy (Russian: Игорь Николаевич Трубецкой; 23 August 1912, Paris, – 20 December 2008, Nice) was a French aristocrat and athlete (Ski, cycling, car racing) of Russian descent.List of Watkins Glen International fatalities
Fatal accidents to competitors at the Watkins Glen International Circuit during the United States Grand Prix and other national and international motorsport events on a 10.6 km (6.6 mi) road circuit (1948–1952), an amended 7.4 km (4.6 mi) circuit (1953–1956) and the 3.78 km (2.35 mi) Grand Prix circuit from 1957 onwards.List of automobile sales by model
This is a partial list of automobile sales by model. Wherever possible, references to verify the claims have been included, however even figures given by manufacturers may have a degree of inaccuracy or hyperbole. Also note that a single vehicle can be sold concurrently under several nameplates in different markets, as with for example the Nissan Sunny; in such circumstances manufacturers often provide only cumulative sales figures for all models. As a result, there is no definitive standard for measuring sales.
Vehicles listed in italics are those who achieved their figures through sales of a single generation without any major redesign. The most common distinction is to refer to these specifically as the "bestselling vehicles", as opposed to "bestselling nameplates", where sales have been achieved through perpetuation of the brand name across several unrelated generations of automobiles.
The three vehicles most frequently cited as the bestselling automobiles in the world are the Toyota Corolla, Ford F-Series, and the Volkswagen Golf.List of sports cars
This page is a compilation of sports cars, coupés, roadsters, supercars, hypercars, race cars, and super SUVs, both discontinued and still in production. Cars that have sport trims (such as the Honda Civic SI) will be listed under the sport trims section. Production tunes will include cars modified by outside brands and then sold. This does not include in-house brands such as Ford's Special Vehicle Team, which will be included in the main list. Some vehicles are sold under different brands, therefore some vehicles may be listed more than once but usually link to the same page. Different countries/continents may also classify vehicles differently, for example; the Toyota 86 name is known throughout most of the world. However, in Europe, it's sold as the Toyota GT86, and in the United States and Canada it's sold under the Scion marque as the Scion FR-S (at least, until 2016) and the Subaru marque as the Subaru BRZ.Mille Miglia
The Mille Miglia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈmille ˈmiʎʎa], Thousand Miles) was an open-road, motorsport endurance race established in 1927 by the young Counts Aymo Maggi and Franco Mazzotti, which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947).Like the older Targa Florio and later the Carrera Panamericana, the MM made grand tourers like Alfa Romeo, BMW, Ferrari, Maserati, Mercedes Benz and Porsche famous. The race brought out an estimated five million spectators.From 1953 until 1957, the Mille Miglia was also a round of the World Sports Car Championship.
Since 1977, the "Mille Miglia" has been reborn as a regularity race for classic and vintage cars. Participation is limited to cars, produced no later than 1957, which had attended (or were registered) to the original race. The route (Brescia–Rome round trip) is similar to that of the original race, maintaining the point of departure/arrival in Viale Venezia in Brescia.Roberto Vallone
Roberto Vallone is a former Italian racing driver. He entered 13 sports car races (12 started) between 1947 and 1953, mainly in a Stanguellini S1500 and Ferrari 166's. Among his best results were three victories, all within four weeks in 1949. He also drove two non-championship Formula 1-races (the Gran Premio di San Remo in 1949 and the V San Remo Grand Prix), a Formula Libre-race in 1949 and a Formula 2-race in 1950.Sports car
A sports car is designed to emphasise handling, performance or thrill of driving. Sports cars originated in Europe in the early 1900s and are currently produced by many manufacturers around the world.Targa Florio
The Targa Florio was an open road endurance automobile race held in the mountains of Sicily near the island's capital of Palermo. Founded in 1906, it was the oldest sports car racing event, part of the World Sportscar Championship between 1955 and 1973. While the first races consisted of a whole tour of the island, the track length in the race's last decades was limited to the 72 kilometres (45 mi) of the Circuito Piccolo delle Madonie, which was lapped 11 times.
After 1973, it was a national sports car event until it was discontinued in 1977 due to safety concerns. It has since been run as a rallying event, and is part of the Italian Rally Championship.
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Ferrari road car timeline, 1947–1969 — next »
|Sports||275 S||340 Mexico/MM||375 MM||375 Plus||410 S|
|125 S||166 S/166 MM||195 S||212 Export||225 S||250 MM||250 Monza||315 S||250 Testa Rossa||250 LM|
|159 S||250 S||290 MM||335 S||250 GTO|
|Berlinetta||250 GT "Tour de France"||250 GT "SWB"||250 GT Lusso||275 GTB||275 GTB/4||365 |
|Coupé||166 Inter||195 Inter||212 Inter||250 Europa||250 Europa GT||250 GT Boano||250 GT Ellena||250 GT Coupé Pinin Farina||330 GTC||365 GTC|
|2+2||250 GT/E||330 GT 2+2||365 GT 2+2|
|Spider||250 GT Cabriolet||275 GTS||330 GTS||365 GTS|
|250 GT California Spyder|
|America||340/342 America||375 America||410 Superamerica||400 Superamerica||500 Superfast||365 California|