Female buddy film

A female buddy film is a type of buddy film in which the main characters are females, and the film's events center on their situations. The cast may is often mainly female, depending on the plot. "The female buddy film is a recent trend in mainstream cinema. Thelma & Louise with its darker themes, remains one of the most notable female buddy films to date and had a similar popular impact as Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid in the early 1990s. Similar films also paved the way for onscreen female friendships such as that between Evelyn Couch and Ninny Threadgoode in Fried Green Tomatoes. Other popular duos include those in Waiting to Exhale and Walking and Talking."[1]

Jonathan Rosenbaum has praised Jacques Rivette's 1974 film Céline and Julie Go Boating as an example of the genre and wrote that he knows "many women who consider Céline et Julie vont en bateau their favorite movie about female friendship."[2] Dennis Lim sees the influence of Rivette's film in other female buddy films, such as Susan Seidelman's Desperately Seeking Susan and David Lynch's Mullholland Drive.[3] It was also influential on and referenced in Erick Zonca's 1998 film The Dreamlife of Angels.[4]

The genre is crossed with the buddy cop film in the 2013 comedy The Heat, in which a brash police officer (Melissa McCarthy) is teamed with a straightlaced FBI agent (Sandra Bullock).

See also


  1. ^ "Buddy Film". AllMovie. Macrovision Corporation. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-07-13. Retrieved July 2009. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (June 28, 1983). "Jacques Rivette [chapter from FILM: THE FRONT LINE 1983]". jonathanrosenbaum.net. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  3. ^ Lim, Dennis (April 27, 2012). "A Winding Trip Reverberates in Cinema". The New York Times. New York, NY. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  4. ^ Wiles, Mary (2012). Jacques Rivette. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-252-07834-7.
Barbara Avedon

Barbara Avedon (June 14, 1925 – August 31, 1994) was a television writer, political activist, and feminist. She founded the anti-war organization Another Mother for Peace.

Buddy film

The buddy film is a film genre in which two (or on occasion, more than two) people—often both men—are put together. The two often contrast in personality, which creates a different dynamic onscreen than a pairing of two people of the opposite gender. The contrast is sometimes accentuated by an ethnic difference between the two. The buddy film is commonplace in American cinema; unlike some other film genres, it endured through the 20th century with different pairings and different themes.


Cagney is an Irish patronymic surname of Gaelic origin. In Gaelic, the name is Ó Caingne, and means "grandson of advocate", from caingean "legal dispute."In modern times, it can be a male or female given name.

Chick flick

Chick flick is a slang term, sometimes used pejoratively, for the film genre dealing mainly with love and romance which is targeted to a female audience. Although many types of films may be directed toward the female gender, "chick flick" is typically used only in reference to films that contain personal drama and emotion or themes that are relationship-based (although not necessarily romantic as films may focus on parent-child or friend relationships). Chick flicks often are released en masse around Valentine's Day. Feminists such as Gloria Steinem have objected to terms such as "chick flick" and the related genre term "chick lit", and a film critic has called it derogatory.

Gaurav Dhingra

Gaurav Dhingra (born 24 March 1980) is an Indian film and television producer and film entrepreneur.

He Co-Founded Jungle Book Entertainment with Pan Nalin, director of award-winning films like Samsara, Valley of Flowers..

In 2015, he produced Angry Indian Goddesses, touted as India's first female buddy film and the recipient of the People's Choice Award at Toronto International Film Festival and BNL People's Choice Award at the 10th Rome Film Festival. It was sold theatrically in 67 countries and was acquired by Netflix Worldwide.Under the Jungle Book Entertainment banner, Gaurav also produced the critically acclaimed documentary, Faith Connections and the India-New Zealand co-production, Beyond the Known World, starring David Wenham.

He is recognised as a part of the new wave of Independent Indian cinema. He has also co-produced films like Haraamkhor, Vakratunda Mahakaaya and Peddlers. Peddlers, premiered to critical acclaim at Cannes and Haraamkhor was a critical and commercial success.In the television sphere, Gaurav has been associated with 15-time Emmy Award-winning reality show, the Amazing Race for over a decade as well as Producing top international reality shows, Ice Road Truckers: Deadliest Roads (Season 1) for History Channel and World's Toughest Truckers (India Episodes) for Discovery & Channel 5.In 2013 he was selected to represent India at the Trans Atlantic Partners (TAP), the intensive training and networking programme for European Canadian and American producers. TAP is supported by the MEDIA Mundus Programme of the European Union, by Telefilm Canada, and VFF (Verwertungsgesellschaft der Film- und Fernsehproduzenten mbH) Germany.

Jungle Book Entertainment

Jungle Book Entertainment is an International film and television production company, founded by Gaurav Dhingra and Pan Nalin, who met during the making of Valley of Flowers, in 2005. In November 2012, Gaurav & Nalin decided to collaborate with an objective to produce Globally resonating Indian stories. Jungle Book has since teamed up with eminent international production companies for several of its productions, namely Angry Indian Goddesses, touted as India's first female buddy film, Faith Connections, a documentary that won the Audience Choice Award at IFFLA, and Beyond the Known World, the first official India-New Zealand co-production.

Kareena Kapoor filmography

Kareena Kapoor, also credited by her married name Kareena Kapoor Khan, is an Indian actress who has appeared in over 50 Bollywood films. Kapoor made her acting debut opposite Abhishek Bachchan in the 2000 drama Refugee, for which she earned a Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut. The following year, she appeared in five films, including the romance Mujhe Kucch Kehna Hai, the thriller Ajnabee, and the ensemble melodrama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham.... The latter emerged as the highest-grossing Bollywood film in overseas market to that point, and the success of these films established her in Bollywood. However, she followed it with a series of critical and commercial failures.Kapoor portrayed a prostitute in the 2004 drama Chameli, which proved to be a turning point in her career, earning her a Special Performance Award at Filmfare. That same year, she played a Muslim woman affected by the 2002 Gujarat riots in Govind Nihalani's political drama Dev, and two years later, she played the Desdemona character in Omkara (2006), an adaptation of William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello from director Vishal Bhardwaj. She won two Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress for these films. In 2007, Kapoor played a loquacious Sikh girl in Jab We Met, a commercially successful comedy-drama co-starring Shahid Kapoor, for which she won the Filmfare Award for Best Actress.In 2009, Kapoor co-starred with Aamir Khan in Rajkumar Hirani's comedy-drama 3 Idiots, which emerged as the highest-grossing Indian film to that point. In 2010, she won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in We Are Family and played a tomboy in the lucrative comedy Golmaal 3. In 2011, she played the leading lady in the top-grossing action films Bodyguard and Ra.One. Among her four releases in 2012, the romantic comedy Ek Main Aur Ekk Tu saw Kapoor play a free-spirited hairdresser, and she received praise for playing a troubled actress in Heroine and a prostitute in Talaash: The Answer Lies Within. Following an appearance in the poorly received romance Gori Tere Pyaar Mein (2013), Kapoor decreased her workload for the next two years, taking on smaller parts of the love-interest in the androcentric films Singham Returns (2014) and Bajrangi Bhaijaan (2015); the latter ranks among Indian cinema's highest earners. This changed in 2016 when she starred in two commercial successes, the satire Ki & Ka and the acclaimed drama Udta Punjab. In 2018, Kapoor had a leading role in the female buddy film Veere Di Wedding, which ranks among the highest-grossing Hindi films featuring a female protagonist.

Leslie Dixon

Leslie Dixon is an American screenwriter and film producer. She began her career as an original screenwriter, writing films such as 1987's Outrageous Fortune and Overboard. She then moved into adaptations and re-writes, developing the screenplays for: Mrs. Doubtfire, The Thomas Crown Affair, Pay It Forward, and Hairspray. She has also produced a variety of films, and the television series Limitless.

Sonam Kapoor

Sonam Kapoor Ahuja (pronounced [soːnəm kəˈpuːr əɦu:dʒaː]; born 9 June 1985) is an Indian actress who appears in Bollywood films. Kapoor is one of the highest-paid actresses in the industry and is the recipient of several awards, including a Filmfare and a National Film Award.

The daughter of actor Anil Kapoor, Kapoor studied theatre and arts at the United World College of South East Asia in Singapore. She was an assistant director to Sanjay Leela Bhansali on the 2005 film Black. Kapoor made her acting debut in Bhansali's romantic drama Saawariya (2007), for which she was nominated for a Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut. She had her first commercial success three years later in the romantic comedy I Hate Luv Storys (2010).

After a series of commercial failures, the sleeper hit Raanjhanaa (2013) marked a turning point in her career, earning her Best Actress nominations. She then featured in the romantic comedies Khoobsurat (2014) and Dolly Ki Doli (2015), both of which earned her Filmfare Award for Best Actress nominations. Kapoor went on to play a princess in the melodrama Prem Ratan Dhan Payo (2015) and featured briefly in the biopic Sanju (2018), both of which rank among the highest-grossing Bollywood films. She also starred in the biographical thriller Neerja (2016) and the female buddy film Veere Di Wedding (2018), both of which rank among the highest-grossing Hindi films featuring a female protagonist. For portraying the titular role in the former, she received the National Film Award – Special Mention and Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress.

Kapoor supports the raising awareness of breast cancer and LGBT rights. She is married to the businessman Anand Ahuja. Known in the media for her outspoken personality, she is frequently credited as one of Bollywood's most fashionable celebrities. From 2012–2016, she appeared in Forbes India's Celebrity 100 based on her income and popularity.

Themes and style in the works of Jacques Rivette

Jacques Rivette (French: [ʒak ʁivɛt]; 1 March 1928 – 29 January 2016) was a French film director and film critic most commonly associated with the French New Wave and the film magazine Cahiers du Cinéma. He made twenty-nine films, including L'amour fou (1969), Out 1 (1971), Celine and Julie Go Boating (1974), and La Belle Noiseuse (1991). His work is noted for its improvisation, loose narratives, and lengthy running times.

Rivette's films explore themes such as conspiracy theories and theatricality in daily life. His frequent combination of conspiratorial crime stories and carefree characters has led him to be compared to Louis Feuillade, Howard Hawks, and Jean Renoir. Rivette is also lauded for his complex female characters, leading some of his films to be regarded as forefathers of the female buddy film. Critic David Thomson famously called Celine and Julie Go Boating "the most innovative film since Citizen Kane...whereas Kane was the first film to suggest that the world of the imagination was as powerful as reality, Celine and Julie is the first film in which everything is invented." Other scholars who have written extensively about Rivette include Jonathan Rosenbaum and Hélène Frappat.


A womance is a close but non-sexual relationship between two or more women. It is an exceptionally tight affectional, homosocial female bonding relationship exceeding that of usual friendship, and is distinguished by a particularly high level of emotional intimacy.

The word womance is a portmanteau of the words woman and romance. The emergence of the terms bromance and womance has been seen as reflecting increased relationship-seeking as a modern behavior. Although womance is sometimes seen as the female flip side of bromance, some have seen different nuances in the social construction of the two concepts. Hammarén sees "different values assigned to male and female friendships" and a dissimilarity in the "underlying power relation between the concepts", and Winch has asserted several differences in the social construction.

Women in film

Women in film describes the role of women as film directors, actresses, cinematographers, film producers, film critics, and other film industry professions. The work of women in film criticism and scholarship, including feminist film theorists, is also described.

Women have statistically underrepresented in creative positions in the film industry. Most English-language academic study and media coverage focuses on the issue within the US film industry (Hollywood), however inequalities exist in other countries. This underrepresentation has been called the "celluloid ceiling", a variant on the employment discrimination term "glass ceiling".

Women have always had a presence in film acting, but have consistently been underrepresented, and on average significantly less well paid. On the other hand, many key roles in filmmaking were for many decades done almost entirely by men, such as directors and cinematographers. In modern times, women have made inroads and made contributions to many of these fields.

By style
By theme
By movement
or period
By demographic groups
By format,
or production
Women in media
Women in film
Feminist art theory

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