Felipe VI of Spain

Philip VI or Felipe VI (Spanish: [feˈlipe];[a] Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain. He ascended the throne on 19 June 2014 upon the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos I.[2][3][4] His mother is Queen Sofía, and he has two older sisters, Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, and Infanta Cristina. When Spanish dictator Francisco Franco chose Juan Carlos as his successor in 1969, Felipe became second in line to the Spanish throne.

In 2004, Felipe married TV news journalist Letizia Ortiz with whom he has two daughters, Leonor (his heir presumptive) and Sofía. In accordance with the Spanish Constitution, as monarch, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces,[5][6] and also plays a role in promoting relations with Spanish America and the former Spanish East Indies, which are collectively called the "nations of its historical community".[5][6]

Felipe VI
(Felipe de Borbón) Inauguración de FITUR 2018 (39840659951) (cropped)
Felipe VI in 2018
King of Spain
Reign19 June 2014–present
Enthronement19 June 2014
PredecessorJuan Carlos I
Heir presumptiveLeonor
Prime MinistersMariano Rajoy
Pedro Sánchez
Born30 January 1968 (age 51)
Our Lady of Loreto Clinic, Madrid, Spain
Full name
Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia
FatherJuan Carlos I of Spain
MotherSofía of Greece and Denmark
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Felipe VI's signature
Military career
Allegiance Spain
Service/branchEmblem of the Spanish Army.svg Spanish Army
Emblem of the Spanish Air Force.svg Spanish Air Force
Emblem of the Spanish Navy.svg Spanish Navy
Years of service1986–2014
(end of active service)
RankSP-10 Capitan General.svg Captain General (See list)

Birth and early life

Felipe was born at Our Lady of Loreto Clinic in Madrid, the third child and only son of Infante Juan Carlos of Spain and Princess Sofía of Greece and Denmark.[7][8] He was baptised on 8 February 1968 at the Palace of Zarzuela by the Archbishop of Madrid, Casimiro Morcillo, with water from the Jordan River.[9][10] His full baptismal name, Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos, consists of the names of the first Bourbon King of Spain (Felipe V), his grandfathers (Infante Juan of Spain and King Paul of Greece), his great-grandfather King Alfonso XIII of Spain, and de Todos los Santos ("of all the Saints") as is customary among the Bourbons.[11] His godparents were his paternal grandfather Juan and his paternal great-grandmother, Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain.[10][11][12]

Shortly after his birth he was styled infante, although his father was not yet king. The ruling dictator Generalísimo Francisco Franco died just more than two months before Felipe's eighth birthday, and Felipe's father ascended the throne. In his first official appearance, Felipe attended his father's proclamation as king on 22 November 1975.[8]

In 1977, Felipe was formally proclaimed Prince of Asturias.[12][13][14] In May, nine-year-old Felipe was made an honorary soldier of the 1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment.[15] The occasion was marked on 28 May and was attended by the king, the prime minister and several other ministers in a ceremony at the infantry's barracks.[16][17] On 1 November the same year, he was ceremoniously paid homage as Prince of Asturias in Covadonga.[18] In 1981 Felipe received the Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece from his father, the Chief and Sovereign of the Order.[11][19] On his 18th birthday on 30 January 1986, Felipe swore allegiance to the Constitution and to the King in the Spanish Parliament as required by the constitution, fully accepting his role as successor to the Crown.[8][20]

Education and military training

Felipe attended school at Santa María de los Rosales,[8] which his daughters currently attend. Felipe attended high school at Lakefield College School in Ontario, Canada, and studied at the Autonomous University of Madrid, where he graduated with a degree in Law; he also completed several courses in Economics.[11] He completed his academic studies by obtaining a Master of Science in Foreign Service degree from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, where he was the roommate of his cousin, Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece.[21]

As the heir to the throne, a carefully regulated and structured plan was laid out for Felipe's military training. In August 1985, a Royal Decree named Felipe as officer at the General Military Academy in Zaragoza.[22][23] He began his military training there in September.[24] He completed the first phase of his formation in October.[25] In July 1986, he was promoted to Cadet 2nd Lieutenant. He was also named as Midshipman.[26] On September 1986, he began his naval training at the Escuela Naval Militar in Pontevedra, joining the Third Brigade.[27] In January 1987, he continued his naval training on board the training ship Juan Sebastián Elcano.[28] In July, he was named as Student Ensign at the Academia General del Aire in Murcia.[29] In September 1987, he began his air force training there[30] where he learned to fly aircraft.[31] In 1989, he was promoted to lieutenant in the Army, ensign in the Navy, and lieutenant in the Air Force. In 1992, he was promoted to captain in the Air Force.[32] In 1993, he was promoted to lieutenant in the Navy and captain in the Infantry of the Army.[33]

Further promotions in 2000 were commandant in the Army, corvette captain in the Navy, and commandant in the Air Force. Promotions in 2009 were lieutenant colonel in the Army, frigate captain in the Navy, and lieutenant colonel in the Air Force.

Since 19 June 2014, after his ascension to the throne, he acquired the rank of Capitán General (Commander-in-chief) of all the Spanish armies (Land, Navy and Air Force).

Activities in Spain and abroad

Vladimir Putin 7 February 2002-1
Felipe meeting President Vladimir Putin of Russia, 2002

Felipe undertook his constitutional duties assiduously as heir to the throne, hosting many official events in Spain and participating in all events of different sectors and aspects of Spanish public life as required. Since October 1995, Felipe has represented Spain on a series of official visits to the Spanish Autonomous Communities, starting with Valencia,[8] during which he made contact with Spaniards from all walks of life. Felipe has held regular meetings with constitutional bodies and state institutions keeping up-to-date with their activities.[11] He also attends meetings of the various bodies of the Central Administration and of the Autonomous Communities as required by his national and international constitutional obligations. Felipe has welcomed as many public and private audiences as possible to maintain Crown interaction in national and international affairs. In particular, he has held meetings with people of his generation who have built successful careers in political, economic, cultural and media circles. As part of his military training, Felipe trained as a military helicopter pilot.[11] On occasions when King Juan Carlos was unable to attend, Felipe presided over the annual presentation of dispatches to officers and non-commissioned officers in the Armed Forces as well as participating in military exercises held by the three Armed Services.[11]

Dilma Rousseff and Felipe Prince of Asturias 2010
Felipe and elected president Dilma Rousseff of Brazil, 2010

Felipe has made many official visits to Europe and Latin America, as well as to countries in the Arab world, the Far East, and Australia, maintaining a special interest in all matters relating to the European Union, Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa. Since January 1996, Felipe has represented the Spanish State at many Latin American presidents' inauguration ceremonies.[11] As Prince, he visited every country in Latin America except Cuba, and made over 200 foreign trips in total.[34] Felipe has also played a very active role in promoting Spain's economic, commercial and cultural interests and the Spanish language abroad. He frequently represents Spain at world economic and trade events (e.g. Expotecnia, Expoconsumo, and Expohabitat), and is especially interested in promoting the creation of Centres and University Chairs to advance the study of Spain both historically and in the present-day at major foreign universities.

Following the March 2004 Madrid bombings, Felipe, along with his sisters Elena and Cristina, took part in a public demonstration.[8]

Felipe speaks Spanish, Catalan, French, English and some Greek.[35]

Social activities

In addition to his official activities, Felipe serves as Honorary President of several associations and foundations, such as the Codespa Foundation, which finances economic and social development in Ibero-America and other countries,[11] and the Spanish branch of the Association of European Journalists, comprising outstanding communications professionals. Most noteworthy is the Príncipe de Asturias Foundation, where he presides annually at the international awards ceremony of the highly prestigious Princess of Asturias Awards (formerly the Prince of Asturias Awards).[36][37]

Felipe was appointed a "UN-Eminent Person" by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan in 2001, during its International Year of Volunteers,[38] and continues to make contributions internationally towards enhancing the importance of voluntary work.

Sports and participation in the Olympics

Felipe was a member of the Spanish Olympic sailing team at the Barcelona Games in 1992. Felipe took part in the opening ceremony as the Spanish team's flag bearer. The Spanish crew finished in sixth place in the Soling class and obtained an Olympic diploma.[39] Both his mother and uncle, King Konstantínos II of the Hellenes, were on the Greek sailing team at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome (his mother as a substitute), and Felipe's father and sister were also Olympic sailors for Spain.[40]

Felipe has been a supporter of Atletico Madrid since watching them win the 1976 Copa del Generalísimo Final.[41] He is also the club's honorary president since 2003.[42]

Felipe, himself 197 cm (6 ft 5 12 in) in height, has attended Spanish, European, and Olympic basketball championships.[43][44]

Felipe also attended the Spanish national rugby union team's final home rugby union match in the 2018 Rugby Europe Championship.[45]


Secretary Kerry Meets With King Felipe VI of Spain in Madrid (22115708229)
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Felipe in the king's private office at Zarzuela Palace in Madrid on 19 October 2015

On 2 June 2014, King Juan Carlos announced his intent to abdicate in Felipe's favour. As required by the Constitution of Spain,[46] the Spanish Cabinet began deliberations the following day on an organic law to give effect to the abdication. The law had to be passed by a majority of all members of the Congress of Deputies, the lower house of the Cortes Generales (Parliament). According to Jesús Posada, the President of the Congress of Deputies, Felipe could have been proclaimed king as early as 18 June.[47] On 4 June, El País of Madrid reported that Felipe would indeed be proclaimed king on 18 June.[4]

Felipe ascended the throne at the stroke of midnight on 19 June; his father had given his sanction to the organic law effecting his abdication just hours earlier.[2] The next morning, after receiving the Captain General's sash from his father, he was formally sworn in and proclaimed king in a low-key ceremony held in the Cortes. He swore to uphold the Constitution before formally being proclaimed king by Posada.[48] Upon his accession, he became the youngest monarch in Europe, being nine months younger than King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.

As king, Felipe has fairly extensive reserve powers on paper. He is the guardian of the Constitution and is responsible for ensuring it is obeyed and followed. It was expected that he would follow his father's practice of taking a mostly ceremonial and representative role, acting largely on the advice of the government. He indicated as much in a speech to the Cortes on the day of his enthronement, saying that he would be "a loyal head of state who is ready to listen and understand, warn and advise as well as to defend the public interest at all times".[48] While he is nominally chief executive, he is not politically responsible for exercising his powers. Per the Constitution, his acts are not valid unless countersigned by a minister, who then assumes political responsibility for the act in question.

A poll conducted by El País, however, indicates that a majority of Spaniards wish Felipe would play a greater role in politics, with 75% of the 600 people surveyed stating they would approve if he personally pushed the political parties to reach agreements on national problems.[49] According to an El Mundo newspaper poll, Felipe had a greater approval than his father prior to his reign.[50]

Ofrena floral a la Rambla (1)
Felipe and Catalan President Carles Puigdemont going to lay a wreath in Barcelona following terror attack in August 2017

In June 2014, Felipe and Letizia became the first Spanish monarch and consort to receive and recognize LGBT organisations at the Palace.[51] Felipe also changed the protocol in order to allow people to take the oath of office without a crucifix or Bible.[52] In their first overseas trip as king and queen, Felipe VI and Letizia met Pope Francis in the Apostolic Palace on 30 June 2014. They subsequently met with Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, accompanied by Mgsr. Antoine Camilleri, under-secretary for Relations with States. The visit followed one by King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía on 28 April.[53] On 18 July, the new king chaired his first meeting of the Council of Ministers.[54]

In February 2015, Felipe announced he would cut his annual salary by 20% as a result of the economic recession and hardships continuing to hamper Spain.[55]

The elections in 2015 resulted in no party winning enough seats to form a government. No agreements with the different parties were successful. After months of talks with the different party leaders, and with there being no apparent candidate in a position of support in forming a government, a royal decree was issued dissolving parliament with new elections being called in June.[56] This marked the first time since the transition to democracy that an election was called under Article 99.5 of the Constitution, wherein the initiative for issuing the dissolution of the Cortes belonged to the King and not to the Prime Minister.[57]

On 3 October 2017, as huge protest rallies and a general strike took place in Catalonia following the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, Felipe delivered an unusually strongly worded televised address in which he condemned the actions of the referendum organizers for acting "outside the law", accusing them of "unacceptable disloyalty" and of "eroding the harmony and co-existence within Catalan society itself". He also warned the referendum could put the economy of the entire north-east region of Spain at risk.[58][59][60] Reactions to his speech were mixed. Party officials from the PP and Ciudadanos acclaimed the King's "commitment to legality",[61] whereas leaders from Unidos Podemos and Catalunya en Comú criticised it as "as unworthy as it was irresponsible", paving the way for a harsh intervention of the Catalan autonomy.[62] As for the PSOE, its leaders showed their support to the King's words in public, but were unofficially upset that the King had not made any call to understanding or dialogue between both the Spanish and Catalan governments.[63]

Marriage and issue

Felipe's bachelor years were a source of interest to the Spanish press for several years. His name was linked with several eligible women, but only two notable girlfriends: Spanish noblewoman Isabel Sartorius, around 1989 to 1991, daughter of the Marquis de Marino, who was viewed unfavourably by the Royal Family due to her mother's cocaine addiction,[64] and Norwegian model Eva Sannum, who modelled underwear.[65] When Felipe finally began a serious relationship, nothing was suspected before the official announcement of the Prince's engagement on 1 November 2003 to Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano, an award-winning television journalist formerly with CNN who had been married previously. The couple were married on the morning of 22 May 2004 in the Almudena Cathedral, Madrid, with representatives of royal families from all over the world and most heads of state from Latin America present.[8]

Felipe and Letizia have two daughters: Leonor, Princess of Asturias, born on 31 October 2005, and Infanta Sofía, born on 29 April 2007. They were born at Ruber International Hospital in Madrid.[8]

Titles, styles and arms

Royal Monogram of Felipe VI of Spain
Royal monogram of King Felipe VI

Titles and styles

  • 30 January 1968 – 22 January 1977: His Royal Highness The Infante Felipe of Spain
  • 22 January 1977 – 19 June 2014: His Royal Highness The Prince of Asturias
    • in former Crown of Aragon territories: 22 January 1977 – 19 June 2014: His Royal Highness The Prince of Girona
    • in former Kingdom of Navarre territories: 22 January 1977 – 19 June 2014: His Royal Highness The Prince of Viana
  • 19 June 2014 – present: His Majesty The King

Though Juan Carlos held no official title or post in Spain prior to 1969, his son Felipe was registered in the Civil Registry as an 'Infante' when he was born, with the style of Royal Highness. About a year later, General Franco recognised Juan Carlos as the future successor to the headship of state and bestowed upon him the title of Prince of Spain. Thus, Felipe became second-in-line in the line of succession to the vacant throne.

Juan Carlos became king in 1975, but no title was conferred on Felipe as heir apparent until 1977, when he was created Prince of Asturias, the traditional title normally held by the heir to the Spanish throne. The royal decree granting him this title also entitled him to use "the other historical titles corresponding to the heir of the Crown".[13] Felipe started using the Aragonese-Catalan title of Prince of Girona publicly on 21 April 1990, during a trip around Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia, becoming the first Bourbon to use this title.[66] Later, he did the same thing with the Princedom of Viana in Navarre, and the titles of Duke of Montblanc, Count of Cervera and Lord of Balaguer in their respective places.

Upon ascending the throne, Felipe assumed the same titles held by his father. If the former Kingdoms of Aragon and Navarre had separate naming styles, he would also be known as Felipe V of Aragon and Felipe VII of Navarre along with Felipe VI of Castile.[67]


Felipe's arms as heir to the throne (left) and as king (right)

Coat of Arms of Felipe, Prince of Asturias (2001-2014)
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch

As heir to the Spanish throne, Felipe's arms were the Spanish arms differenced with a label of three points azure (blue).[68] The first quarter represents Castile, the second León, the third Aragon, and the fourth Navarre; below are the arms of Granada. In the centre, on an inescutcheon, were the ancestral arms of the sovereign House of Bourbon-Anjou. Surrounding the shield was the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece and surmounting it was the heraldic crown of the heir to the throne, decorated with four half-arches.

Following his accession to the throne, the label on his arms was removed and the crown of the heir was changed to that of the monarch's (eight half-arches instead of four).[69] These arms differ from those of his father's as king, as they omit the Cross of Burgundy, the yoke, and the sheaf of five arrows.

See also


  1. ^ Most English-language media refer to the king as Felipe VI, although a few sources have rendered his name as Philip VI.[1] In the languages of Spain, his name is:


  1. ^ e.g. New Statesman
  2. ^ a b "Felipe takes over as king of Spain". BBC News. 18 June 2014.
  3. ^ Govan, Fiona (13 June 2014). "Spain will have two kings and two queens". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b Garea, Fernando; Fabra, María (3 June 2014). "Coronation of Prince Felipe to take place on June 18". El Pais.
  5. ^ a b (in Spanish) Título II. De la Corona. Es.wikisource.org. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  6. ^ a b Title II, Article 56, Subsection 1, Text:
    The King is the Head of State, the symbol of its unity and permanence. He arbitrates and moderates the regular functioning of the institutions, assumes the highest representation of the Spanish State in international relations, especially with the nations of its historical community, and exercises the functions expressly conferred on him by the Constitution and the laws
    El Rey es el Jefe del Estado, símbolo de su unidad y permanencia, arbitra y modera el funcionamiento regular de las instituciones, asume la más alta representación del Estado español en las relaciones internacionales, especialmente con las naciones de su comunidad histórica, y ejerce las funciones que le atribuyen expresamente la Constitución y las leyes
  7. ^ "La princesa doña Sofia dio a luz ayer su primero hijo varon". ABC (in Spanish). 31 January 1968. p. 43. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Casa de Su Majestad el Rey de España – Actividades y Agenda – Hitos más importantes de Su Alteza Real el Príncipe de Asturias". Casareal.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Royal christenings around the world". The Telegraph. 9 November 2015. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Apadrinado por don Juan y la Reina Doña Victoria, recibo ayer las aguas bautismales el infante don Felipe". ABC (in Spanish). 9 February 1968. p. 23. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Casa de Su Majestad el Rey de España – S.M. el Rey Don Felipe VI". Casareal.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Don Felipe de Borbón, principe de Asturias". El Pais (in Spanish). 22 January 1977. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  13. ^ a b c Boletín Oficial del Estado: no. 19, p. 1542, 22 January 1977. (in Spanish)
  14. ^ In addition, he was also allowed to use "other titles and designations traditionally used by the heir to the throne" (i.e. Prince of Girona and Prince of Viana).[13]
  15. ^ "Incoporación del principe Felipe al ejercito como soldado honorario". ABC (in Spanish). 22 May 1977. p. 7. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  16. ^ "El Príncipe Felipe será desde hoy soldado honorario". El País (in Spanish). 28 May 1977. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  17. ^ García, Sebastian (29 May 1977). "El Príncipe de Asturias, soldado de honor del regimiento Inmemorial del Rey". El País. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  18. ^ "Homenaje a don Felipe como Príncipe de Asturias". ABC (in Spanish). 2 November 1977. p. 5. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  19. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado: Real Decreto 865/1981
  20. ^ Schumacher, Edward (31 January 1986). "Spanish Prince, 18, Sworn in as the Heir Apparent". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  21. ^ Eilers, Marlene (1997) Queen Victoria's Daughters. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
  22. ^ Yárnoz, Carlos (3 August 1985). "Don Felipe de Borbón ingresará en la Academia Militar de Zaragoza el 2 de septiembre". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Boe.es. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  24. ^ Yárnoz, Carlos (3 September 1985). "El Príncipe de Asturias comienza su formación militar". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  25. ^ Valdecantos, Camilo (11 October 1985). "Príncipe Felipe concluye la primera fase de su formación en la Academia de Zaragoza". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  26. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Boe.es. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  27. ^ "El Príncipe de Asturias, guardia marina en la Escuela Naval". El Pais (in Spanish). 2 September 1986. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  28. ^ Camilo, Valdecantos (8 January 1987). "El Príncipe inicia su periodo de instrucción en el buque escuela 'Elcano'". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  29. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Boe.es. 13 July 1987. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  30. ^ Reverte, Paloma (3 September 1987). "El Príncipe de Asturias inicia en San Javier su último curso de formación militar". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  31. ^ "El Príncipe de Asturias realiza su primer vuelo en San Javier". El Pais (in Spanish). 15 September 1987. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  32. ^ "El príncipe Felipe, capitán". El Pais (in Spanish). EFE. 28 July 1992. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  33. ^ "El príncipe Felipe asciende a capitán de Infantería". El Pais (in Spanish). EFE. 3 February 1993. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  34. ^ "King Felipe VI gets to work by holding first meeting with PM". El Pais. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  35. ^ "Barcelona – A Viewer's Guid: The Sports; Felipe Hoists Flag for Spain." The New York Times (19 July 1992). Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  36. ^ Fundación Príncipe de Asturias. casareal.es
  37. ^ Premios Príncipe de Asturias – Fundación Príncipe de Asturias. Fpa.es. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  38. ^ "Marking End of International Year of Volunteers, General Assembly Encourages All People To Become More Engaged in Voluntary Activities". Un.org. 2001. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  39. ^ Cuyàs, Romà (1992). Official Report of the Games of the XXV Olympiad Barcelona 1992, Volume V The Results (PDF). Plaça de la Font Màgica, s/n 08038 Barcelonal: COOB'92 S.A. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  40. ^ Felipe, Crown Prince de Borbón. Sports-reference.com. Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  41. ^ Simón, Pedro (6 June 2014). "Un atlético en la corte del Rey Felipe" [An Atlético in King Felipe's court]. El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  42. ^ Gorgorni, Evita (28 May 2016). "Atlético de Madrid Trivia: 25 facts about the football club". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  43. ^ "King Felipe attends basketball final". Royalista. 23 February 2015. Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  44. ^ "His Majesty the King of Spain attends Turkish Airlines Euroleague Championship Game". Euroleague. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  45. ^ Cup, Rugby World (11 March 2018). "King Felipe VI of Spain was in attendance at the @ferugby v @DRVRugby match earlier, seen here with the Webb Ellis Cup #RWC2019pic.twitter.com/J2IOXSNMOb". @rugbyworldcup. Event occurs at 10:26 AM. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  46. ^ per article 57.5
  47. ^ "Spanish politicians lay out abdication timetable". BBC News. 3 June 2014.
  48. ^ a b "King Felipe VI calls for 'new Spain' as he is sworn in". BBC News. 19 June 2014.
  49. ^ O'Leary, Elisabeth (22 June 2014). "Spaniards want new king to play greater role in politics: poll". Reuters.
  50. ^ "Spanish king abdicating so more popular 'new generation' Crown Prince Felipe can take over". Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  51. ^ "Los reyes reciben por primera vez a colectivos gays en el Palacio del Pardo [The monarchs receive gay organisations for the first time at the Pardo Palace]" (in Spanish). La Sexta. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  52. ^ "Felipe VI cambia el protocolo y permite la jura del cargo sin Biblia ni crucifijo [Felipe VI changes the protocol and permits the oath of office without a Bible or crucifix]". El País (in Spanish). 9 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  53. ^ "Comunicato della Sala Stampa: Udienza alle Loro Maestà il Re Felipe VI e la Regina Letizia di Spagna, 30.06.2014" (in Italian). Vatican City. 30 June 2014.
  54. ^ Junquera, Natalia (18 July 2014). "Felipe VI preside por primera vez el Consejo de Ministros". El Pais. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  55. ^ "Spanish King cuts his salary by 20 %". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  56. ^ "King Felipe of Spain Dissolves Parliament, Clearing Way for New Elections". New York Times. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  57. ^ "The King dissolves the Cortes for the first time in democracy" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 3 May 2016.
  58. ^ "Catalan referendum: Vote illegal – Spain's King Felipe". BBC News. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  59. ^ Jones, Sam (3 October 2017). "King Felipe: Catalonia's authorities have 'scorned' all Spaniards with referendum". The Guardian. Barcelona. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  60. ^ Clarke, Hillary; Rebaza, Claudia; Soares, Soa (3 October 2017). "King of Spain accuses Catalan leaders of 'unacceptable disloyalty'". CNN. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  61. ^ "El PP destaca que el rey 'se ha vuelto a comprometer con la legalidad'". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 3 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  62. ^ Gil, Andrés (3 October 2017). "El discurso del rey enciende a Unidos Podemos y los 'comunes'". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  63. ^ "Dirigentes socialistas echan en falta una llamada al entendimiento en las palabras del rey". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 3 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  64. ^ (in Spanish) Isabel Sartorius se desnuda en un libro de memorias: Mi madre me mandaba a comprar cocaína. www.lavanguardia.com (21 February 2012). Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  65. ^ (in Spanish) Eva Sannum, así es su vida quince años después. www.diezminutos.es (4 October 2012). Retrieved on 21 June 2014.
  66. ^ Badía, Juan Ferrano. Dictamen sobre el título de Príncipe de Gerona (PDF), Cultural Council of the Autonomous Community of Valencia, 1990. (in Spanish)
  67. ^ "Los expertos no dan por seguro que el nuevo rey se llame Felipe VI: "Sería conveniente un nombre aséptico como Felipe Juan I"". La Sexta. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  68. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Boe.es. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  69. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Boe.es. Retrieved 20 June 2018.

External links

Felipe VI of Spain
Born: 30 January 1968
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Juan Carlos
King of Spain
Heir presumptive:
Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Spanish royalty
Title last held by
Alfonso of Bourbon
Prince of Asturias
Prince of Viana

Succeeded by
Leonor of Bourbon
Title last held by
Charles of Austria
Prince of Girona, Duke of Montblanc,
Count of Cervera, Lord of Balaguer

Olympic Games
Preceded by
Infanta Cristina
Flagbearer for  Spain
Succeeded by
Luis Doreste
Ancestry of Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VI (Philip VI) is the present King of Spain. He was born in Madrid on 30 January 1968, the son of King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain.

Charlemagne Prize

The Charlemagne Prize (German: Karlspreis; full name originally Internationaler Karlspreis der Stadt Aachen, International Charlemagne Prize of the City of Aachen, since 1988 Internationaler Karlspreis zu Aachen, International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen) is a prize awarded for work done in the service of European unification. It has been awarded annually since 1950 by the German city of Aachen. It commemorates Charlemagne, ruler of the Frankish Empire and founder of what became the Holy Roman Empire, who resided and is buried at Aachen. Traditionally the award is given to the recipient on Ascension Day in a ceremony in the town hall of Aachen. In April 2008, the organisers of the Charlemagne Prize and the European Parliament jointly created a new European Charlemagne Youth Prize, which recognises contributions by young people towards the process of European integration. Patrons of the foundation are King Philippe of Belgium, King Felipe VI of Spain, and Henri, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Emich Carl, 2nd Prince of Leiningen

Emich Carl, Prince of Leiningen (27 September 1763 – 4 July 1814) was a German nobleman. He is an ancestor of various European royals, including Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Felipe VI of Spain, and Constantine II of Greece. After his death, his widow, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, married a son of George III of the United Kingdom and became the mother of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom.

Infanta Sofía of Spain

Infanta Sofía of Spain (Sofía de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz; born 29 April 2007) is the second child of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia. She has an older sister, Leonor, whom she follows in the line of succession to the Spanish throne.

Leonor, Princess of Asturias

Leonor, Princess of Asturias (born 31 October 2005) is the heir presumptive to the throne of Spain as the elder daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia. In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. If Leonor ascends the throne, she will be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.

List of Grand Masters of the Order of Calatrava

The following is an incomplete list of former Grand Masters of the Order of Calatrava, the current grand master of the order is King Felipe VI of Spain

Don García (1164–1169)

Fernando Icaza (1169–1170)

Martín Pérez de Siones (1170–1182)

Nuño Pérez de Quiñones (1182–1199)

Martín Martínez (1199–1207)

Ruy Díaz de Yanguas (1207–1212)

Rodrigo Garcés (1212–1216)

Martín Fernández de Quintana (1216–1218)

Gonzalo Yáñez de Novoa (1218–1238)

Martín Ruiz de Cevallos (1238–1240)

Gómez Manrique (1240–1243)

Fernando Ordóñez (1243–1254)

Pedro Yáñez (1254–1267)

Juan González (1267–1284)

Ruy Pérez Ponce de León (1284–1295)

Diego López de Santsoles (1295–1296)

Garci López de Padilla (1296–1322)

Juan Núñez de Prado (1322–1355)

Diego García de Padilla (1355–1365)

Martín López de Córdoba (1365–1371)

Pedro Muñiz de Godoy y Sandoval (1371–1384)

Pedro Álvarez de Pereira (1384–1385)

Gonzalo Núñez de Guzmán (1385–1404)

Enrique de Villena (1404–1407)

Luis González de Guzmán (1407–1443)

Fernando de Padilla (a few months in 1443)

Alfonso de Aragón y de Escobar (end of 1443–1445)

Pedro Girón Acuña Pacheco (1445–1466)

Rodrigo Téllez Girón (1466–1482)

García López de Padilla (1482–1487)

Catholic Monarchs (from 1487 onwards)

King Juan Carlos I of Spain

King Felipe VI of Spain (Incumbent)

List of honours of the Spanish Royal Family by country

This article serves as an index - as complete as possible - of all the honorific orders or similar decorations received by the Spanish Royal Family, classified by continent, awarding country and recipient.

List of state visits received by King Felipe VI of Spain

Since acceding to the throne of Spain in 2014, King Felipe VI has received a number of state and official visits. He usually hosts one or two visiting heads of state each year.

List of titles and honours of Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VI has received titles, decorations, and honorary appointments as monarch of Spain and before as heir apparent to the throne of Spain: his titles and styles are listed by precedence of rank, nobility, and honour.

Miguel Caballero (company)

Miguel Caballero is a clothing company based in Bogotá, Colombia. It operates branches in Mexico and Guatemala. It specialises in fashionable protective clothing. Notable clients include King Felipe VI of Spain, Michael Bloomberg, former Colombian president Álvaro Uribe, former Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, former U.S. President Barack Obama, and former Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto.

Philip King

Philip or Phil King may refer to:

Philip Gidley King (1758–1808), British colonial administratorPhillip Parker King (1791-1856), son of the above, Naval officer & Australian politician

Philip King (Australian politician) (1817–1904), named Philip Gidley King after his grandfather above, Australian politicianPhilip King (American football) (1872–1938), American football player, coach, and lawyer

Philip Burke King (1903–1987), American geologist

Phil King (cricketer) (1915–1970), English cricketer

Philip King (playwright) (1904–1979), British playwright and actor

Philip King (historian) (born 1925), American historian and academic

Phil King (American football) (1936–1973), American football player

Philip King (musician) (born 1952), Irish musician, film maker, and broadcaster

Philip King (priest) (1603–1667), English academic and churchman

Phil King (Texas politician) (born 1956), American politician and jurist

Phil King (musician) (born 1960), English bass guitarist

Phil King (footballer) (born 1967), British footballer

Felipe VI of Spain (born 1968), King of Spain

Philippe of Belgium (born 1960), King of Belgium

Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (20 July 1835 – 25 January 1900) was Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein, a niece of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, a cousin of King Edward VII, and the mother-in-law of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. She is a matrilineal (mother to daughter) ancestor of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Felipe VI of Spain.

Princess Feodora of Leiningen

Princess Feodora of Leiningen (Anna Feodora Auguste Charlotte Wilhelmine; 7 December 1807 – 23 September 1872) was the only daughter of Emich Carl, Prince of Leiningen (1763–1814), and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1786–1861). Feodora and her older brother Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen, were maternal half-siblings to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. She is a matrilineal ancestor of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and of Felipe VI of Spain.

Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark

Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Ειρήνη; born 11 May 1942) is the youngest child and second daughter of King Paul of Greece and his wife Princess Frederika of Hanover. She is the younger sister of Queen Sofía of Spain and of the deposed King Constantine II of Greece and maternal aunt of Felipe VI of Spain.

Princess of Asturias (by marriage)

This is a list of women who held the title Princess of Asturias (Spanish: Princesa de Asturias, Asturian: Princesa d'Asturies) by marriage.

The title was created in 1388 for the future Henry III of Castile and Catherine of Lancaster. A part of the pact ("Accord of Bayonne") was to grant the young couple the title of Prince and Princess of Asturias, which was modelled after that of Prince of Wales in the Kingdom of England. The title was to belong to the official successor of the Castilian throne. Thus the first holder of the princedom was the young Henry of Castile and the first woman to hold the title by marriage was his wife, Catherine of Lancaster.

The current holder of the title is Leonor, Princess of Asturias, elder daughter of King Felipe VI of Spain, who holds the title in her own right.

Queen Letizia of Spain

Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano (Spanish pronunciation: [leˈtiθja]; born 15 September 1972) is the current Queen of Spain as the wife of King Felipe VI.

Letizia Ortiz came from a middle-class family and worked as a journalist for ABC and EFE before becoming a news anchor at CNN+ and Televisión Española. In 2003, it was announced that she was engaged to marry Felipe, then Prince of Asturias and heir apparent to the Spanish throne. They married in 2004. Their daughters, Leonor and Sofía, were born in 2005 and 2007 respectively. As Princess of Asturias, Letizia represented her father-in-law, King Juan Carlos, in Spain and abroad. On her father-in-law's abdication in 2014, Felipe and Letizia became King and Queen of Spain.


The Robertians, or Robertines, was the Frankish predecessor family of origin to the ruling houses of France; it emerged to prominence in the ancient Frankish kingdom of Austrasia as early as the eighth century—in roughly the same region as present-day Belgium—and later emigrated to West Francia, between the Seine and the Loire rivers. The members were ‘forefathers’ of the Capetian dynasty. With fealty (sometimes mixed with rancor) to the Carolingians, they held the power of West Francia through the whole period of the Carolingian Empire; and from 888 to 987 theirs was the last extant kingdom of that house until they were succeeded by their own (Robertian) lineage, the house of Capet.

The family frequently named its sons Robert, including Robert of Hesbaye (c. 800), Robert III of Worms (800–834), Robert the Strong (d. 866) and Robert I of France (866–923). It figured prominently amongst the Carolingian nobility and married into this royal family. Eventually the Robertians themselves delivered Frankish kings such as the brothers Odo (reigned 888–898) and Robert I (r. 922–923), then Hugh Capet (r. 987–996), who ruled from his seat in Paris as the first Capetian king of France.

Although Philip II was officially the last king of the Franks (rex Francorum) and the first king of France (roi de France), in (systematic application of) historiography, Hugh Capet holds this distinction. He is the founder of the Capetians, the royal dynasty that ruled France until the revolution of the Second French Republic in 1848—save during the interregnum of the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. It still reigns in Europe today; both King Felipe VI of Spain and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg are descendants of this family through the Bourbon cadet branch of the dynasty.

Saint Leticia

Saint Leticia (Latin, Laetitia; (in Italian) Letizia), whose feast day is October 21, is venerated as a virgin martyr, presumably a companion of saint Ursula. A saint with the same name had a feast day occurring on March 13 and July 9. Her cult was diffused in Corsica ("Letizia" was the name of Napoleon's mother) and can be found in medieval England (Saint Letycie, Lititia). A center of her cult in Spain is the Aragonese town of Ayerbe.The fiesta of Saint Leticia takes place around September 9 and lasts for four to six days. A sculpture of the Saint is carried in procession, its pedestal garlanded with grapes; figures of giants and cabezudos (figures with gigantic heads) parade in the streets and pyrotechnic figures of bulls race through the town every night.

The marriage of Letizia Ortiz to king Felipe VI of Spain is said to have sparked new interest in the cult of this saint.

Spanish euro coins

Spanish euro coins feature three different designs for each of the three series of coins. The minor series of 1, 2 and 5 cent coins were designed by Garcilaso Rollán, the middle series of 10, 20, and 50 cent coins by Begoña Castellanos and the two major coins feature the portrait or effigy of King Felipe VI of Spain. All designs feature the 12 stars of the EU, the year of minting, and the word España (Spanish for Spain).

Spanish royal family
Coat of arms of the King of Spain

HM King Juan Carlos I
HM Queen Sofía

Extended royal family

HRH The Duchess of Badajoz HRH The Dowager Duchess of Calabria

  • HE Doña Simoneta
  • HE The Viscount de la Torre
  • HE Don Bruno
  • HE Don Luis
  • HE Don Fernando

HRH The Duchess of Soria and Hernani
HE The Duke of Soria and Hernani

  • HE Don Alfonso
  • HE Doña María
Ancestors of Felipe VI of Spain
8. Alfonso XIII of Spain
4. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
9. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
2. Juan Carlos I of Spain
10. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
5. Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
11. Princess Louise of Orléans
1. Felipe VI of Spain
12. Constantine I of Greece
6. Paul of Greece
13. Princess Sophia of Prussia
3. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark
14. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
7. Princess Frederica of Hanover
15. Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia

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