Felipe Alou

Felipe Rojas Alou (born May 12, 1935) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder, first baseman, and manager. He managed the Montreal Expos (1992–2001) and the San Francisco Giants (2003–06). The first Dominican to play regularly in the major leagues, he is the most prominent member of one of the sport's most notable families of the late 20th century: he was the oldest of the trio of baseball-playing brothers that included Matty and Jesús, who were both primarily outfielders, and his son Moisés was also primarily an outfielder; all but Jesús have been named All-Stars at least twice. The family name in the Dominican Republic is Rojas, but Felipe Alou and his brothers became known by the name Alou when the Giants' scout who signed Felipe mistakenly thought his matronymic was his father's name.

During his 17-year career spent with the Giants, Milwaukee & Atlanta Braves, Oakland Athletics, New York Yankees, Montreal Expos, and Milwaukee Brewers, Alou played all three outfield positions regularly (736 games in right field, 483 in center, 433 in left), and led the National League twice in hits and once in runs. Batting regularly in the leadoff spot, he hit a home run to begin a game on 20 occasions. He later became the most successful manager in Expos history, leading the team from 1992 to 2001 before rejoining the Giants in 2003. On February 4, 2015, Alou was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame,[1] and in 2016, he was inducted in the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame.[2]

Felipe Alou
Felipe Alou 1961
Alou in 1961
Outfielder / First baseman / Manager
Born: May 12, 1935 (age 84)
Haina, Dominican Republic
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
June 8, 1958, for the San Francisco Giants
Last MLB appearance
April 24, 1974, for the Milwaukee Brewers
MLB statistics
Batting average.286
Home runs206
Runs batted in852
Managerial record1,033–1,021
Winning %.503
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the Caribbean
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg

Playing career

Alou lived in poverty in the Dominican Republic and dreamed of escaping it by becoming a doctor. But switching from track and field to baseball at the 1955 Pan American Games revealed talent for the latter as the Dominican team took gold. He still pursued a university career a while longer, but was finally forced to sign with the Giants in November 1955 for only $200 due to family financial problems.

He made his major league debut in 1958 and was an All-Star in 1962, when he batted .316 with 25 home runs and 98 RBI.

Felipe was joined by his brothers, Matty in 1960, and Jesús in 1963, who, on September 15 of that year became the first, and as of today only, all-brother outfield.[3]

He was traded to the Braves before the 1964 season with Ed Bailey, Billy Hoeft and a player to be named later (Ernie Bowman) for Del Crandall, Bob Hendley and Bob Shaw. Two years later he enjoyed his best season, when he batted .327 with 31 home runs and led the league in runs (122), hits (218), at bats (666) and total bases (355); he finished second in the batting race to his brother Matty and fifth in National League MVP voting. He also had a good year in 1968, batting .317 and leading the league in hits (210) and at bats (662); he made the All-Star team both years.

After the 1969 season, the Braves traded Alou to the Athletics for Jim Nash. In April 1971, he was traded by the Athletics to the Yankees for Rob Gardner and Ron Klimkowski.

In September 1973, he was selected off waivers by the Expos from the Yankees, and was purchased by the Brewers from the Expos after the season.

In 2082 games played over 17 seasons, Alou compiled a .286 batting average (2101-for-7339) with 985 runs, 359 doubles, 49 triples, 206 home runs, 852 RBI, 423 base on balls, .328 on-base percentage and .433 slugging percentage. His career fielding percentage was .986 at all three outfield positions and first base.

Managing career


Felipe Alou
Alou (right) as manager of the Giants in 2005.

After the end of his playing career, Alou joined the Montreal Expos organization in 1976, becoming a batting coach and a minor league manager. The Giants offered him the manager's spot in 1985, but he remained with the Expos out of loyalty. On May 22, 1992, he was promoted from bench coach to field manager of the Expos, becoming the first Dominican-born manager in MLB history.[4]

The team was developing a core of young talent during this period, including Larry Walker, John Wetteland, Delino DeShields and Alou's own son, Moisés. In 1994 the Expos had the best record in the major leagues until the mid-August strike that ended up cancelling the entire postseason, thereby denying them a chance to get to their first World Series, and ownership soon began dealing all their young talent to cut payroll. Alou was named the NL Manager of the Year. The Los Angeles Dodgers tried to lure him away in 1998, but he declined to leave Montreal and eventually became the most successful manager in team history.

Despite Alou's popularity in Montreal, the Expos' lackluster record after 1994 eventually led to his dismissal by new owner Jeffrey Loria, who replaced him with Jeff Torborg during the 2001 season. Several teams tried to lure him out of retirement, including the Boston Red Sox, but he would not budge. He finally agreed to serve a single year as the bench coach for Detroit Tigers rookie manager Luis Pujols (2002). Prior to the 2003 season, Alou was named manager of the Giants, the team where he began his professional baseball career, replacing Dusty Baker who had left to manage the Chicago Cubs. In his first season in San Francisco, he won a hundred games and managed the Giants into the playoffs, but they fell to the Florida Marlins in the NL Division Series in 4 games; the Marlins went on to win their second World Series in seven years.

In 2005, the Giants signed Moisés Alou to a one-year contract with an option for the 2006 season, reuniting him professionally with his father after seven seasons apart. Felipe retired as Giants' manager after the 2006 season.[5] Since 2007, he has remained with the Giants organization as a special assistant to the general manager.[6]

Managerial record

Team From To Regular season record Post–season record
W L Win % W L Win %
Montreal Expos 1992 2001 691 717 .491
San Francisco Giants 2003 2006 342 304 .529 1 3 .250
Total 1033 1021 .503 1 3 .250

Personal life

In addition to Moises, Alou's son Luis Rojas is a baseball coach.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Chisholm, Gregor (February 4, 2015). "Delgado, Stairs highlight '15 Canadian Hall class". MLB.com. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Alou, Polonia, Peña y Berroa: al Salón de la Fama de Serie del Caribe" (in Spanish). Diario Libre. February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  3. ^ "Today in Baseball". Washington Post. September 15, 2008. pp. E7.
  4. ^ Montreal Expos (1996). Expos Media Guide 1996.
  5. ^ "Felipe Alou's statement on not returning to manage the Giants" (Press release). San Francisco Giants. October 2, 2006.
  6. ^ "Giants name Felipe Alou special assistant to the general manager" (Press release). San Francisco Giants. January 5, 2007.
  7. ^ "Felipe Alou". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  8. ^ https://www.savannahnow.com/article/20120404/SPORTS/304049665

External links

1961 San Francisco Giants season

The 1961 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 79th year in Major League Baseball, their 4th year in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their second at Candlestick Park. The team finished in third place in the National League with an 85-69 record, eight games behind the NL Champion Cincinnati Reds. The Giants were managed by Alvin Dark.

1962 National League tie-breaker series

The 1962 National League tie-breaker series was a three-game playoff series at the conclusion of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1962 regular season to determine the winner of the National League (NL) pennant. The games were played from October 1 to 3, 1962, between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Francisco Giants. The Giants won the series, two games to one. The first game took place at Candlestick Park and the second and third were played at Dodger Stadium. The playoff series was necessary after both teams finished the season with identical win–loss records of 101–61. The Dodgers won a coin flip late in the season, which gave them home field advantage for the series.

The Giants won the first game in an 8–0 shutout by starting pitcher Billy Pierce over Sandy Koufax. The Dodgers evened the series with an 8–7 victory in Game 2, breaking their 35-inning scoreless streak in what was then the longest nine-inning game in MLB history. However, the Giants closed out the series in Game 3 with a 6–4 victory to clinch the NL pennant. This victory advanced the Giants to the 1962 World Series in which the defending champion New York Yankees defeated them in seven games. In baseball statistics, the tie-breaker series counted as the 163rd, 164th, and 165th regular-season games for both teams, with all events in the series added to regular-season statistics.

The 1962 series was the fourth tie-breaker playoff in the National League's 87 years of operation, with all four happening within 17 years, following 1946, 1951 and 1959. Moreover, all four involved the Dodgers' franchise, which won one of those series (1959's) and lost the other three. It was the last MLB tie-breaker to use a best-of-three games format, as the NL subsequently adopted the single-game style used in the American League (AL).

1963 San Francisco Giants season

The 1963 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 81st year in Major League Baseball, their sixth year in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their fourth at Candlestick Park. The team finished in third place in the National League with an 88-74 record, 11 games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers.

1971 New York Yankees season

The 1971 New York Yankees season was the 69th season for the franchise in New York, and its 71st season overall. The team finished fourth in the American League East with a record of 82–80, 21 games behind the Baltimore Orioles. New York was managed by Ralph Houk. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium.

1971 Oakland Athletics season

The 1971 Oakland Athletics season involved the A's finishing first in the American League West with a record of 101 wins and 60 losses. In their first postseason appearance of any kind since 1931, the A's were swept in three games by the Baltimore Orioles in the American League Championship Series.

1972 New York Yankees season

The 1972 New York Yankees season was the 70th season for the Yankees in New York, and the 72nd season overall. The team finished with a record of 79–76, finishing 6½ games behind the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Ralph Houk. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium.

1990 Caribbean Series

The thirty-second edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played in 1990. It was held from February 5 through February 11 with the champions teams from the Dominican Republic, Leones del Escogido; Mexico, Naranjeros de Hermosillo; Puerto Rico, Senadores de San Juan, and Venezuela, Leones del Caracas. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice, and was played at Miami Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.


Alou may refer to:

Alou, Cameroon, town and commune in Cameroon

Alou family, a Dominican baseball family that played in Major League Baseball

Felipe Alou (born 1935), Dominican baseball player and manager, brother of Matty and Jesús

Matty Alou (1938–2011), Dominican outfielder, brother of Felipe and Jesús

Jesús Alou (born 1942), Dominican outfielder, brother of Felipe and Matty

Moisés Alou (born 1966), American outfielder, son of Felipe

Alou family

The Rojas family, more commonly known in English-speaking America by their matronym, Alou, is a prominent Major League Baseball family from the Dominican Republic. The family name in the Dominican Republic is the paternal family name of Rojas, but Felipe Alou and his brothers became known by the name Alou when the Giants' scout who signed Felipe mistakenly thought his matronym (Alou) was his surname. The Rojas Alou brothers' maternal grandfather, Mateu Alou, was an immigrant from Felanitx, Spain, who immigrated to the Dominican Republic in 1898. In 1963, while all playing for the San Francisco Giants, Felipe, Matty and Jesus became the first all brother outfield in the Major Leagues.

Felipe Alou, the oldest of three brothers, was the first Dominican to play regularly in the Major Leagues. From 1958-1974, he played for the San Francisco Giants, Atlanta Braves, Oakland A's, the New York Yankees and the Montreal Expos. He made the All-Star team three times and once finished 5th in the MVP voting. His younger brothers Matty and Jesús were both longtime National League outfielders.

Felipe's son Moisés, is also a former Major League outfielder. Luis Rojas, also a son of Felipe, is a baseball coach.All but Jesús have been named All-Stars at least twice. Mel Rojas, a cousin of Moisés, pitched in MLB for ten seasons.

Cocoa Astros

The Cocoa Astros were a professional minor league baseball team in the Florida State League (FSL), as a Class A affiliate with the Houston Astros from 1965–72 and 1977. The team played at the Astros' spring training facility. The Cocoa FSL team was first known as the Cocoa Indians (1951–58) when formed in 1951. The Indians won the Florida State League title in 1956 with a 90-50 record.

Ellis Valentine

Ellis Clarence Valentine (born July 30, 1954) is a former Major League Baseball right fielder. He is remembered for having one of the all-time great throwing arms. "There's a plateau where you can't throw the ball any harder and you can't be any more accurate", said former Montreal manager Felipe Alou. "That was Ellis Valentine."

Ernie Bowman

Ernest Ferrell Bowman (born July 28, 1935) is a retired American professional baseball player, an infielder who appeared in 165 games in Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants from 1961 to 1963. Born in Johnson City, Tennessee, he batted and threw right-handed, stood 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and weighed 160 pounds (73 kg).

Bowman was signed by the New York Giants as an amateur in 1956 after he attended East Tennessee State University. His professional career would encompass 14 seasons, although he spent only two full campaigns (1962–63) in the big leagues.

As a member of the San Francisco Giants, he served as the primary backup to the club's regular shortstop, José Pagán, and second baseman, Chuck Hiller. He was a member of the 1962 National League champion Giants. On August 23, his only MLB home run off Al Jackson of the New York Mets at the Polo Grounds was a key blow in San Francisco's 2–1 victory. He also appeared in two games of the Giants' tie-breaker series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, and in two games of the 1962 World Series against the New York Yankees. In the latter series, Bowman batted once against Marshall Bridges in Game 4 at Yankee Stadium and flied out to right fielder Roger Maris.Bowman remained with the Giants through the 1963 season, when he appeared in a career-high 81 games, including 26 as the starting shortstop and another two as the starting second baseman. At the end of the season, he was traded to the Milwaukee Braves in a seven-player deal whose principals included Felipe Alou, Ed Bailey, Bob Shaw and Del Crandall. But the Braves sent Bowman to Triple-A in 1964, and he never appeared again in the major leagues. Altogether, he collected 39 hits during his big-league career, including four doubles, two triples and his one home run. He batted .190 and collected ten runs batted in. He retired in 1969.

List of San Francisco Giants managers

The San Francisco Giants are a Major League Baseball team that plays in the National League Western Division. Since their inception as the New York Gothams in 1883, the Giants have employed 36 managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.The franchise's first manager was John Clapp, who managed the team for one year before being replaced in 1884 by Jim Price. The New York Giants won two World Series championships during the 19th century, in 1888 and 1889, with Jim Mutrie as their manager both years. John McGraw became the Giants' manager during the 1902 season, beginning a streak of 54 consecutive years in which the Giants were managed by a Baseball Hall of Famer. McGraw himself managed for more than 30 years, until the middle of the 1932 season, the longest managerial tenure in Giants history. McGraw won 2,583 games as the Giants manager, the most in Giants history. While managing the Giants, the team won the National League championship 10 times—in 1904, 1905, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1917, 1921, 1922, 1923 and 1924. They played in the World Series nine times (no World Series was played in 1904) and won three, in 1905, 1921 and 1922.McGraw's successor was Hall of Famer Bill Terry, who managed the team from the middle of the 1932 season until 1941. He won 823 games as the Giants' manager, fourth most in Giants history, and won three National League championships, in 1933, 1936 and 1937, winning the World Series in 1933. Hall of Famers Mel Ott and Leo Durocher managed the team from 1942 through 1955. Durocher was the manager for the Giants' World Series championship in 1954.The Giants moved from New York to San Francisco in 1958, with Bill Rigney as their manager. They won their first National League championship in San Francisco under Alvin Dark in 1962 but lost the World Series that year. In their first 28 years in San Francisco, they had 14 managers (including two terms by Rigney). Since 1985, the Giants' managerial situation has been more stable. Roger Craig managed the team for more than seven seasons, from the middle of the 1985 season until 1992, including a National League championship in 1989. His successor, Dusty Baker, managed the team for ten years from 1993 through 2002, winning the National League championship in 2002. Baker has the third highest win total of any Giants manager with 840. Felipe Alou replaced Baker in 2003 and managed the team until 2006. The current Giants manager, Bruce Bochy, has managed the team since the 2007 season, winning World Series championships in 2010, 2012, and 2014, and has the second most wins among all Giants managers. Mutrie has the highest winning percentage of any Giants manager, with .605. Heinie Smith has the lowest, with .156, although he managed just 32 games. The lowest winning percentage of any Giants manager who managed at least 100 games is .389, by Jim Davenport in 1985.

List of Washington Nationals managers

The Washington Nationals are an American professional baseball franchise based in Washington, D.C. They are members of the National League (NL) East Division in Major League Baseball (MLB). The team began playing in 1969 as an expansion team in Montreal, Quebec, then known as the Montreal Expos. There have been 18 different managers in the franchise's history. The team has played its home games at the Nationals Park since 2008. The Nationals are owned by Ted Lerner, with Mike Rizzo as their general manager.The Expos' first manager was Gene Mauch, who managed for six seasons. Felipe Alou is the franchise's all-time leader in regular season games managed (1,408) and regular season game wins (691). Jim Fanning is the only Expos manager to have gone into the post-season. Buck Rodgers and Alou are the only managers to have won the NL Manager of the Year Award with the Expos, in 1987 and 1994 respectively. Karl Kuehl, Jim Fanning, and Tom Runnells have all spent their entire MLB managing careers with the Expos/Nationals. After Manny Acta was fired during the 2009 season, Jim Riggleman, the bench coach, was named interim manager to replace him, and was promoted to the position full-time for the 2010 season. After Riggleman resigned during the 2011 season and John McLaren ran the team for three games as an interim manager, the team hired veteran manager Davey Johnson, who had previously served as an advisor to Rizzo. Johnson led the team to the 2012 National League East title and the franchise's first playoff berth since moving to Washington and was 2012's NL Manager of the Year, but the team did not advance past the 2012 National League Division Series. Johnson retired after the 2013 season. Matt Williams took over in 2014, leading the team to another National League East title that season, and was 2014 NL Manager of the Year, but the team did not advance past the 2014 NLDS, and Williams was fired after an unsuccessful second year in 2015. Dusty Baker managed the team in 2016 and 2017, leading it to consecutive National League East titles, but the team did not advance beyond the NLDS in either season and Baker's contract was not renewed after the 2017 season. The Nationals hired Dave Martinez in October 2017 to take the helm in 2018

Luis Rojas (baseball)

Luis E. Rojas (born September 1, 1981) is a Dominican professional baseball coach. He is a member of the New York Mets' coaching staff.

Rojas was a coach for the Dominican Summer League Nationals in 2006. The Mets hired him as a coach for the Dominican Summer League Mets in 2007 and for the Gulf Coast League Mets in 2008. He became a coach for the Savannah Sand Gnats in 2010. He managed the Gulf Coast League Mets in 2011 and Savannah from 2012 through 2014. He became the manager for the St. Lucie Mets in 2015, and managed the Binghamton Rumble Ponies in 2017 and 2018. The Mets named him to their major league coaching staff as the quality control coach for the 2019 season.Rojas is the son of Felipe Alou and the brother of Moises Alou.

Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award

In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually since 1983 to the best managers in the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The winner is voted on by 30 members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). Each places a vote for first, second, and third place among the managers of each league. The manager with the highest score in each league wins the award.Several managers have won the award in a season when they led their team to 100 or more wins. Lou Piniella won 116 games with the Seattle Mariners in 2001, the most by a winning manager, and Joe Torre won 114 with the New York Yankees in 1998. Sparky Anderson and Tony La Russa finished with identical 104–58 records in 1984 and 1988, respectively. Three National League managers, including Dusty Baker, Whitey Herzog, and Larry Dierker, have exceeded the century mark as well. Baker's San Francisco Giants won 103 games in 1993; Dierker's 1998 Houston Astros won 102 and Herzog led the Cardinals to 101 wins in the award's third season.In 1991, Bobby Cox became the first manager to win the award in both leagues, winning with the Atlanta Braves and having previously won with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1985. La Russa, Piniella, Jim Leyland, Bob Melvin, Davey Johnson, and Joe Maddon have since won the award in both leagues. Cox and La Russa have won the most awards, with four. Baker, Leyland, Piniella, Showalter and Maddon have won three times. In 2005, Cox became the first manager to win the award in consecutive years. Bob Melvin and Brian Snitker are the most recent winners.

Because of the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike cut the season short and cancelled the post-season, the BBWAA writers effectively created a de facto mythical national championship (similar to college football) by naming managers of the unofficial league champions (lead the leagues in winning percentage) (Buck Showalter and Felipe Alou) as Managers of the Year. Two franchises, the New York Mets and the Milwaukee Brewers, have not had a manager win the award.

Only six managers have won the award while leading a team that finished outside the top two spots in its division. Ted Williams was the first, after leading the "expansion" Washington Senators to a third-place finish (and, at 86-76, their only winning season) in the American League East, in 1969. Buck Rodgers won the award in 1987 with the third-place Expos. Tony Peña and Showalter won the award with third-place teams in back-to-back years: Peña with the Royals in 2003, and Showalter with the Rangers in 2004. Joe Girardi is the only manager to win the award with a fourth-place team (2006 Florida Marlins); he is also the only manager to win the award after fielding a team with a losing record.

Scott Munter

Scott Michael Munter (born March 7, 1980) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.

He attended St. James/Seton grade school and Creighton Preparatory School in Omaha, Nebraska. He then attended the University of Oklahoma, where he played first base, after which transferring to Butler County Community College in Kansas where he starting pitching.

Munter split the 2005 season between the San Francisco Giants and their Triple-A affiliate, the Fresno Grizzlies. With the Giants, he posted a 2–0 record with a 2.56 ERA in 45 appearances, all of them in relief.

Munter was not offered a new contract by the Giants and became a free agent on December 12, 2007. On January 25, 2008, Munter was signed to a minor league contract by the Tampa Bay Rays and was invited to spring training. On June 3, 2008, Munter was re-signed by the Giants after being released from the Rays Triple-A affiliate. He became a free agent at the end of the season and signed a minor league contract with the Colorado Rockies. He then returned to the Giants organization, where he stayed through 2012.

Munter bats and throws right-handed. He throws a heavy sinker as hard as 95 MPH, dubbed by his former manager Felipe Alou as a "bowling-ball sinker," and is very difficult to hit in the air. Munter lacks a breaking pitch, however, and, despite his velocity, does not strike out a lot of hitters. His nickname is "Mad Dog" because he is 6 ft 6 in and over 250 pounds.

Springfield Giants

From 1957 through 1965, the Springfield Giants were the Single-A and Double-A baseball team affiliate of the New York/San Francisco Giants in the Eastern League. The team played at Pynchon Park in Springfield, Massachusetts.

The Springfield Giants won three consecutive championships in 1959, 1960 (co-champs) and 1961 under manager Andy Gilbert, all leading the way to San Francisco's National League pennant in 1962.

Some Springfield Giants players with Major League experience include:

Juan Marichal

Felipe Alou

Matty Alou

Tom Haller

Manny Mota

Bill Hands

Jim Ray Hart

Hal Lanier

Frank Linzy

José Pagán

Bob Barton

Al Stanek

Ernie Bowman

Rick Joseph

West Palm Beach Expos

The West Palm Beach Expos were a Florida State League minor league baseball team which existed from 1969 through the 1997 season. Located in West Palm Beach, Florida, they were affiliated with the Montreal Expos and played their home games at West Palm Beach Municipal Stadium.

They were one of the longest existing Florida State League teams. In 1998, the team moved to nearby Jupiter and became the Jupiter Hammerheads.

The 1990 Expos were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Gordon Mackenzie
West Palm Beach Expos Manager
Succeeded by
Larry Bearnarth
Preceded by
Memphis Chicks Manager
Succeeded by
Billy Gardner
Preceded by
Billy Gardner
Denver Bears Manager
Succeeded by
Rich Donnelly
Preceded by
Rich Donnelly
Wichita Aeros Manager
Succeeded by
Gene Dusan
Preceded by
Vern Rapp
Montreal Expos First Base Coach
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Junior Miner
West Palm Beach Expos Manager
Succeeded by
Dave Jauss
Preceded by
Luis Pujols
Detroit Tigers Bench Coach
Succeeded by
Kirk Gibson


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