Felip Pedrell

Felip Pedrell Sabaté (Spanish: Felipe) (19 February 1841 – 19 August 1922) was a Spanish composer, guitarist and musicologist.

Felip Pedrell Sabaté
Felipe Pedrell 01
Felip Pedrell
Born19 February 1841
Died19 August 1922 (aged 81)
Resting placeSant Gervasi Cementery, Barcelona
NationalitySpain
Occupationcomposer, guitarist and musicologist
Known forL'último Abenzeraggio (in Italian; Spanish title: El último abencerraje) (libretto: J. B. Altés), opera in 4 acts

Life

Pedrell was born in Tortosa (Catalonia), and sang as a boy soprano at Tortosa Cathedral from age 9, where he also received most of his musical education from its chapel master Joan Nin i Serra (1804–1867). On 29 September 1867 he married Carmen Domingo, with whom he had one daughter, also named Carmen.[1]

In 1873 he went to Barcelona where he co-directed a zarzuela troupe and studied the guitar with José Brocá. As a guitarist, he became deeply influenced by Francisco Tárrega and dedicated several of his compositions to him (Impromptu, Floriada, Doña Mencia, Batseba, Al Altardecer en los jardines de Arlaja). By this time he had already written over 100 compositions, most of which salon music for piano, some songs, and works for the stage such as the opera L'último Abenzeraggio (first version: 1868), which was performed at the Teatro del Liceo in 1874. Between 1876 and 1880, Pedrell lived mainly in Italy and France: in Rome he discovered his musicological interest, and in Paris he worked mainly in composition, writing his song-cycle Orientales (words by Victor Hugo) and the symphonic poem Excelsior (1880).[2]

In February 1880, he settled in Barcelona as a music teacher and composer, where he made the acquaintance of Isaac Albéniz and Enrique Granados who became his first pupils. Other notable pupils included the composers Rosa García Ascot, Manuel de Falla, and Joan Lamote de Grignon.[3] After another performance of L'último Abenzeraggio in 1889, Pedrell seriously considered the founding of an "escuela nacional de música" (national school of music), combining elements of Spanish traditional music with the classical art music of his time. The first result was the opera Els Pirineus (1891), underlining his concept theoretically with the publication Por nuestra música (To Our Music; 1891),[4] which made many composers and guitarists of his time aware of Spanish folkore. Influences were visible in Roberto Gerhard's eight Pedrell-derived folk-tunes (Cancionero de Pedrell), and Manuel de Falla's "Pedrelliana" – the last of his four Homenajes ("homages") (1939).

Between 1891 and 1904, Pedrell lived in Madrid, where he became a member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1895 and had a professorship in musical aesthetics and music history at the Real Conservatorio. In 1894, the first volume of his Hispaniae schoa musica sacra appeared, a series of edited scores of renaissance and baroque church music from Spain. As a musicologist, Pedrell worked particularly in the early music field and edited Victoria's opera omnia and the requiem of Joan Brudieu. This and other of his writings fostered a keen interest in the early music of Spain. He returned to Barcelona in 1904, when his opera Els Pirineus was eventually performed.

When his daughter died in 1912, Pedrell fully withdrew from public life. His last pupils, the musicologist Higinio Anglès and the composer Roberto Gerhard, assisted Pedrell in his last publications and compositions. He died in Barcelona and was buried in the Sant Gervasi Cemetery. The composer Carlos Pedrell (1878–1941) is his nephew.

Works

Operas

  • L'último Abenzeraggio (in Italian; Spanish title: El último abencerraje) (libretto: J. B. Altés), opera in 4 acts (1868, revised 1874 and 1889)
  • Quasimodo (libretto: J. Barrer, after Victor Hugo), opera in 4 acts (1875)
  • Els Pirineus (libretto: Victor Balaguer), opera in a prologie and 3 acts (1891)
  • La Celestina (libretto: Pedrell, after Fernando de Rojas), opera in 4 acts (1902)
  • El comte Arnau (libretto: Joan Maragall), "festival lirich popular" (1904)
  • five other operas and eight zarzuelas

Instrumental works

  • Nocturnos-trío (1873)
  • La veu de les muntanyes (1877), symphonic poem
  • Excelsior (1880), symphonic poem
  • many works for piano and guitar

Songs for voice and piano

  • Noches de España (1871)
  • Orientales (Victor Hugo) (1876)
  • Consolations (Théophile Gautier) (1876)
  • La primavera (F. Matheu) (1880)
  • Canciones arabescas (1906)

Choral music

  • 56 sacred songs in Latin
  • 27 works in colloquial Spanish or Catalan
  • 18 works for chorus and orchestra

References

  1. ^ Bonastre, Francesc: "Pedrell i Sabaté, Felipe", in: Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (MGG), biographical part, vol. 13 (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 2005), cc. 232–234.
  2. ^ Bonastre (2005), as above.
  3. ^ See: List of music students by teacher: N to Q#Felip Pedrell.
  4. ^ Bonastre (2005), as above.
  • "Pedrell, Felipe". Britannica Concise Library. Britannica. 2006.
  • More information with scores and music

External links

-ana

-ana (more frequently -iana) is a suffix of Latin origin, used in English to convert nouns, usually proper names, into mass nouns, as in Shakespeareana or Dickensiana, items or stories related to William Shakespeare or Charles Dickens, respectively.

The recognition of this usage as a self-conscious literary construction, typically as a book title, traces back at least to 1740, when it was mentioned in an edition of Scaligerana, a collection of table talk of Joseph Justus Scaliger, from around 150 years previously. By that period Scaliger was described as "the father, so to speak, of all those books published under the title of -ana".As grammatical construction it is the neuter plural, nominative form of an adjective: so from Scaliger is formed first the adjective Scaligeranus (Scaligeran) which is then put into the form of an abstract noun Scaligerana (Scaligeran things). In Americana, a variant construction, the adjectival form already exists as Americanus, so it is simply a neuter plural (suffix –a on the stem American-); the case of Victoriana, things associated with the Victorian period, is superficially similar, but the Latin adjective form is Dog Latin.

Alfredo Javaloyes López

Alfredo Javaloyes López (March 22, 1865 - February 18, 1944 ) was a Spanish musician. His best known work is the military march El Abanico ("The Fan"), composed in the year 1910.

Javaloyes Lopez was born in 1865 in the town of Elche, Province of Alicante, Spain. The street where he was born now bears his name. He studied music in Barcelona in 1880 with the composers Fabio Campano and Felip Pedrell. A streetcar accident crippled his left hand, ending his performing career. With the support of Pedrell, he studied to become a military music director. In 1901, he became Music Director to the Sevilla Regiment 33 in Cartagena. He remained in that city until 1918, when he became director of Música del Batallón de Cazadores of Barbastro. When he retired from military life, he returned to his hometown of Elche, where he served as Director of the Municipal Band. before his death in 1944.

Chronological list of Spanish classical composers

The following is a chronological list of classical music composers who have lived in, worked in, or been citizens of Spain.

Composer tributes (classical music)

Musical tributes or homages from one composer to another can take many forms. Following are examples of the major types of tributes occurring in classical music. A particular work may fit into more than one of these types.

Enric Morera i Viura

Enric Morera i Viura (Catalan pronunciation: [ənˈriɡ muˈɾeɾə]; 22 May 1865 – 11 March 1942), was a Spanish musician and composer from Catalonia.

Morera was born in Barcelona but moved with his father, a musician, to Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1867, studying organ, trumpet, and violin there. He returned in 1883 to Barcelona, studying with Isaac Albéniz and Felip Pedrell. Later he lived for two years in Brussels before returning to Argentina. He finally returned to Barcelona in 1890 where he was prominent in the movement Catalan Musical Modernism, with for example the opera La Fada (The Fairy) in 1897. He founded the choir "Catalunya Nova". He wrote books on musical theory such as a "Practical Treatise on Harmony".

Among his students were Vicente Asencio, Agusti Grau, Manuel Infante, Xavier Montsalvatge and Carlos Surinach.

His music is generally strongly nationalist in character, and much forms part of the repertory of Catalan national compositions. He wrote more than 800 compositions. Included are songs, a Requiem Mass, lyric works, symphonic works, operas, symphonic poems, and sardanes for cobla.

Although he spent some time in Argentina and Belgium, Morera spent most of his life in Barcelona, and died there in 1942.

The personal papers of Enric Morera are preserved in the Biblioteca de Catalunya.

Enrique Granados

Enrique Granados Campiña (27 July 1867 – 24 March 1916) was a Spanish pianist and composer of classical music. His music is in a uniquely Spanish style and, as such, is representative of musical nationalism.

Isaac Albéniz

Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascual (Spanish pronunciation: [iˈsak alˈβeniθ]; 29 May 1860 – 18 May 1909) was a Spanish virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor. He is one of the foremost composers of the Post-Romantic era who also had a significant influence on his contemporaries and younger composers. He is best known for his piano works based on Spanish folk music idioms.

Transcriptions of many of his pieces, such as Asturias (Leyenda), Granada, Sevilla, Cadiz, Córdoba, Cataluña, and the Tango in D, are important pieces for classical guitar, though he never composed for the guitar. The personal papers of Albéniz are preserved, among other institutions, in the Biblioteca de Catalunya.

Joan Brudieu

Joan Brudieu (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈam bɾuðiˈew]; 1520 – 1591) was a Catalan Spanish composer. Brudieu was born around 1520 in the diocese of Limoges and died in la Seu d'Urgell in 1591, but can generally be considered as Catalan, since the few biographical details found locate him in Catalonia.

From 1539 he was cantor at the Cathedral of Santa Maria d'Urgell, where he was ordained in 1546. In 1548 he was appointed choir master for life. In 1550 he traveled to his home country to acquire instruments for the chapel.

In 1577 he retired to Balaguer, but after a year moved to become maestro di cappella at Santa Maria del Mar, Barcelona, which he left shortly afterwards, apparently due to health problems. Then in 1579 he returned to la Seu d'Urgell, where he remained until his death, having previously been replaced by Rafael Coma.

Joan Lamote de Grignon

Joan Lamote de Grignon i Bocquet (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈan ləˈmɔd də ɡɾiˈɲɔn]; 7 July 1872 – 11 March 1949), was a Spanish pianist, composer and orchestra director.

La mà de Guido

La mà de Guido is a Catalan music publishing house in Barcelona Spain founded in 1986 by the composer and musicologist Llorenç Balsach (b. 1953).The name La Mà de Guido comes from the Catalan translation of the Guidonian hand.The primary notability of La Mà de Guido is in the publishing of music scores and editions for Catalan composers, living and dead. The music publishing house also owns a recording label, again primarily reviving the works of Catalan composers, but also recordings by Catalan musicians of other Iberian music, and archive historical recordings. The label also distributes the Ars Harmonica label.

Lluís Millet

Lluís Millet i Pagès (18 April 1867 in El Masnou – 7 December 1941 in Barcelona) was a Spanish Catalan composer, musician and co-founder of Orfeó Català in 1891.

A student of Felip Pedrell, from 1896 he taught choral music at Barcelona's Escuela Municipal de Musica where he later succeeded Nicolau as director.He died in 1941 and is interred in the Montjuïc Cemetery in Barcelona.

Miguel Blay

Miguel Blay y Fàbregas (in Catalan, Miquel Blay i Fàbregas) (in Olot, October 1866 - Madrid, 22 January 1936) was a Spanish sculptor.

Ramón Ferreñac

Ramón Ferreñac (1763–1832) was a Spanish composer.

He has been praised for his sonatas for two and four hands by musicologists from the likes of Antonio Lozano and Felip Pedrell.

Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery.

The academy was established by royal decree in 1744. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style in place of Churriguera's baroque design.

Doubling as a museum and gallery, today it houses a fine art collection of paintings from the 15th to 20th centuries: Arcimboldo, Giovanni Bellini, Antonio Allegri da Correggio, Guido Reni, Rubens, Zurbarán, Murillo, Fragonard, Goya, Giuseppe Pirovani (one rare Portrait of George Washington), Juan Gris, Pablo Serrano, Lorenzo Quiros, among others. The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art.

The first graduate of the academy was Bárbara María Hueva.Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors, and its alumni include Felip Pedrell, Pablo Picasso, Kiko Argüello, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, Oscar de la Renta, and Fernando Botero.

Roberto Gerhard

Robert Gerhard i Ottenwaelder (Catalan pronunciation: [ruˈβɛɾd ʒəˈɾaɾt]; 25 September 1896 – 5 January 1970) was a Spanish Catalan composer and musical scholar and writer, generally known outside Catalonia as Roberto Gerhard.

Sant Gervasi Cemetery

Sant Gervasi Cemetery founded in 1853, is located in the district of Sarrià-Sant Gervasi in Barcelona, Spain. With an extension of 12,229 m², the area divided into two parts by a staircase leading to the cemetery chapel. It includes 4773 plots. Numerous sculptures and ornaments, mainly in the style of eclecticism, decorate the tombs.

Àngel Rodamilans

Àngel Rodamilans i Canals (1 May 1874 in Sabadell – 27 July 1936 in Serra d'en Camaró, Sabadell) was a Catalan Benedictine monk and composer of religious music. He, as were also 22 other Benedictine monks, was a victim of religious assassination during the Spanish Civil War and counted by the Catholic church as a "servant of God" in the process of beatification of the Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.

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