The Federal Police of Brazil (Portuguese: Polícia Federal) is a federal law enforcement agency of Brazil and one of its three federal police forces. The other two are the Federal Highway Police and the Federal Railroad/Railway Police. From 1944 to 1967 it was called the Federal Public Safety Department (Portuguese: Departamento Federal de Segurança Pública).
The Federal Police Department is responsible for combating crimes against federal institutions, international drug trafficking, terrorism, cyber-crime, organized crime, public corruption, white-collar crime, money laundering, immigration, border control, airport security and maritime policing. It is subordinate to the Ministry of Justice.
|Federal Police of Brazil|
Polícia Federal emblem
|Common name||Federal Police|
|Formed||March 28, 1944|
|Headquarters||Setor de Autarquias Sul, Quadra 6, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Public Security|
Other federal statutes give the Federal Police the authority and responsibility to:
In March 1944, the police department of the Federal District in Rio de Janeiro was transformed into the "Departamento Federal de Segurança Pública" (Federal Department of Public Safety), or DFSP. The aim was to create a police with jurisdiction in the whole country, not just in its original state. Despite its name change, initially the DFSP only served in the Federal District, but acted at the national level as the maritime police.
In the first half of 1946, the DFSP was given national jurisdiction, especially in cases of the illegal narcotics trade and crimes against public faith, and in the interest of national finance. However, a new constitution drafted on September 18 gave states the power to meet their needs of government and administration.
When the federal capital moved in 1960, the DFSP moved to Brasília, providing Guanabara State with their public security services and personnel. Due to a shortage of staff, the DFSP had to be restructured, merging its staff with another local security agency from Brasila, called the Special Guard of Brasilia (GEB). Afterwards, the DFSP improved its structure to mimic the model of the United States FBI and police forces in England and Canada, as well as to expand operations throughout the whole Brazilian territory. Also in 1967, the new Brazilian Constitution changed the agency name to Departamento de Policia Federal (Department of Federal Police) through art.210 of Decree-Law No. 200 of February 25, 1967. As a federal investigation agency, the mainly idea after the 1960s was to mold the Federal Police into the shape and effectiveness of the American FBI. In 1996, all positions in the Federal Police came to require a bachelor's degree.
With an area of expertise that covers all national territory, the Federal Police adopts a structure similar to that of the state Civil Police forces throughout the country, but with an administrative structure that allows planning, coordination and centralized control with decentralized execution. Integration with the other federal and state government agencies on a routine basis occur through formal requests, but eventually there is a high level of coordination.
The Director-General provides accounting and technical support agencies in Brasília, entrusted with the tasks of planning, coordination and control.
For the operational activities, the PF has 27 regional superintendents (the office in a state capital), 95 Federal Police offices (called Delegacias), 12 border outposts, 12 maritime (or riverine) bases and 2 bases on inland waterways.
The Federal Police Commissioners command investigations, request search and arrest warrants, decide on the arrest of a criminal etc. The field investigations and operational services are performed by the Federal Agents (Agentes de Polícia Federal). The agency also has Forensic specialists (Peritos Criminais Federais), Notary Agents (Escrivães de Polícia Federal) and fingerprints specialists (Papiloscopistas Policiais Federais).
A bachelor's degree is required for candidates to apply for any position in Federal Police. Commissioners must have a Law degree. No previous police experience is required for any jobs. Candidates applying for a position as Federal Agent, Notary Agent and Fingerprints specialist, are required to have a bachelor's degree in any area. Candidates applying for Forensics specialists should have specific degrees, depending on their area of expertise, such as Civil Engineering, Veterinary, Accounting and Chemistry degrees.
Admission tests for the Federal Police have one of the highest candidates per spot ratio in the country.
The Comando de Operações Táticas (COT; English: Tactical Operations Command) of the Federal Police was created in 1987 by the Ministry of Justice through the Federal Police Department – DPF with a mission of responding to terrorist attacks inside the country. To do so, its members were trained in technical and tactical units of the Special Armed Forces in Brazil and abroad – in special units in the U.S., France and Germany (especially by GSG-9). Today, this elite force for armed action plays a large range of operations.
Throughout its existence, the COT has participated in several high risk missions such as drug seizures in the country, expropriation actions, rural conflicts, VIP security, dismantling of criminal organizations, and is commonly used to escort high risk prisoners.
To belong to the COT the applicant must be in the ranks of the Federal Police. The training involving tactical and physical disciplines are practiced with the same intensity of the Training Course of the National Police Academy – ANP, including training by other specialized forces in the country, such as Rio de Janeiro's Military Police elite group called Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais (BOPE) specialized in urban operations.
The headquarters of the COT is in Brasília, in an area of 40 thousand square meters, located in Police Sector South, which sends players on missions to Brazil.
The Special Center of Maritime Police (Núcleo Especial de Polícia Marítima – NEPOM) was created in twelve Brazilian cities in response to the high rate of crime in Brazilian ports, as well as the need to ostensibly patrol to prevent the occurrence of criminal offenses in Amazonian rivers and Brazilian borders (especially Itaipu Lake on the Brazil-Paraguay border). The maritime policing has the latest equipment, recently acquired by the Brazilian government in order to meet the country to the ISPS Code standards (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code). In addition to the routine patrolling, surveillance is carried out in the international traffic in dozens of ships docking and undocking in major Brazilian ports. Agents of action is also taken around the clandestine coming on board vessels. The Nepom the police receive special training in the Navy of Brazil, and is enabled in the category of Crew of State vessel.
The CAOP (Coordenação de Aviação Operacional – Aviation Operational Coordination) is a unit of federal police agents, responsible for transportation policeman to anywhere in the country, besides the air support operations to the Federal Police.
Was established in 1986, because the demand for transportation to any place, quickly, and the need for air support in the actions and tactics without having to depend on the Armed Forces.
In 1995 the corporation had the name of advising operational issues when he received three aircraft, two Bell 412 and an HB-350 Squirrel. Already in 1996 the Office became the Division of Aviation Operations. In the year 1999 the unit won these assignments and in 2001 finally received the current designation of CAOP.
The unit is divided into two squadrons, one fixed-wing and the other rotorcraft.
Its current fleet includes:
|Airbus AS350 B2 Squirrel||3|
|Airbus AS355 N Squirrel||2|
|Cessna C-208B Grand Caravan||2|
|Beech King Air 350i||1|
The Federal Police Department issues all agents graduating from the National Police Academy either a Glock 17, Glock 19 or Glock 26 according to the agent's preference. Other equipment include the M4 carbine, HK G36K, HK MP5, HK416, HK417, MSG90, SG 550, Blaser R93 Tactical and the H&K MG4.
|Renault Sherpa 2||France||Armored vehicle||3|
Aldemir Bendine (born 10 December 1963) was the chief executive officer (CEO) of Petrobras.
Bendine worked for Banco do Brasil since the age of 15, rising to CEO. He has been named CEO of Brazil’s state-run oil company Petrobras, leaving his position as head of Brazil’s state controlled commercial bank, the Petrobras directive board has confirmed. The new chief of Brazil's oil company was born in 1963, and has worked at the country's largest bank by assets, Banco do Brasil from the age of 15, eventually becoming its CEO.Bendine has been CEO of Petrobras from February 2015 to May 2016.Aldemir Bendine has been a BRF board member since September 2015.He was arrested in Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato), ongoing criminal investigation being carried out by the Federal Police of Brazil in July 27, 2017
He was charged by federal prosecutors with “passive corruption”, money laundering, criminal organization and obstruction of justice.Bhutan–Brazil relations
Bhutan–Brazil relations refers to interstate relations between the Kingdom of Bhutan and the Federative Republic of Brazil. The diplomatic relationship was formally initiated on 21 September 2009. Brazil was the first country in South America with which Bhutan has established diplomatic relations.The agreement that established diplomatic relations between Bhutan and Brazil was signed in New York City by the Foreign Minister of Bhutan Lyonpo Ugyen Tshering and the then-Minister of External Relations of Brazil Celso Amorim in English, Portuguese and Dzongkha. The statement expressed wish on behalf of both parties for cooperation on socioeconomical issues and a deepening of their relationship at multilateral fora like the United Nations.In 2012, diplomat Carlos Sérgio Sobral Duarte was designated Brazil's ambassador to Bhutan. Until 2010, Bhutan had no ambassador to Brazil.Brazilian nationality law
Brazilian nationality law is based on both the principles of jus soli and of jus sanguinis. As a general rule, any person born in Brazil acquires Brazilian nationality at birth, irrespective of status of parents. Nationality law is regulated by Article 12 of the Brazilian Federal Constitution.Corruption in Brazil
Corruption in Brazil exists on all levels of society from the top echelons of political power to the smallest municipalities. Operation Car Wash showed central government members using the prerogatives of their public office for rent-seeking activities, ranging from political support to siphoning funds from state-owned corporation for personal gain. Specifically, mensalão typically referred to the practice of transferring taxpayer funds as monthly allowances to members of congress from other political parties in consideration for their support and votes in congress. Politicians used the state-owned and state-run oil company Petrobras to raise hundreds of millions of reais for political campaigns and personal enrichment.
Corruption was cited among many issues that provoked the 2013 protests. Corruption reduced public investments in health, education, infrastructure, security, housing, among other essential rights, expanding social exclusion and inequality.Erika Marena
Érika Mialik Marena is a chief of the Federal Police of Brazil, she is known for her role in Operation Car Wash.After serving for two years in the operation, Erika was invited to head the area to combat corruption and misappropriation of public funds from the Federal Police's Superintendent in Santa Catarina. In 2016, she was the most voted in a triple list to run for the general direction of the Federal Police command.In 2017, Erika was portrayed in Brazilian cinema by actress Flavia Alessandra in the movie Polícia Federal: A Lei É para Todos (Federal Police: The Law Is for Everyone).Still in 2017, she was responsible for the controversial "Ouvidos Moucos" Operation that resulted in the arrest of the chancellor of the Federal University of Santa Catarina(UFSC), Luiz Carlos Cancellier de Olivo, accused of attempted obstruction of justice. Motivated by allegations of Rodolfo Hickel do Prado (corregidor of UFSC by then), the operation blamed the chancellor for the operator, while it was wide spread that it was a resource misuse investigation. Such allegation was related to other people, not Chancellor Luiz. After being accused by Marena, Luiz Carlos Cancellier de Olivo was arrested and removed from the office at the university, as a result of the operation that counted on 115 federal policemen. Luiz Carlos had no criminal record. He was released with a habeas corpus, with the condition that he should not go to the university's campus. Later on, he committed suicide. Delegate Marena was later removed from the case and transferred to the head of the Federal Police in Sergipe. The Ministry of Justice investigated its involvement in the case, and three agreeable opinions decided to close the case against Marena.Geddel Vieira Lima
Geddel Vieira Lima (born 18 March 1959) is a Brazilian politician who served in the Cabinet of Brazil under President Michel Temer until his resignation on 25 November 2016, amid accusations that he and the President had pressured Minister of Culture Marcelo Calero to approve a real estate project to build a 30-floor apartment building in a historic district of Ladeira da Barra.Vieira Lima, who as Temer's Minister of Government acted as liaison between the executive and legislative branches, was implicated in Operation Cui Bono, an investigation into Caixa Econômica Federal, a state-owned bank of which he was vice-president in the Dilma Rousseff government. He is accused along with former lower house president Eduardo Cunha of approving loans in return for kickbacks. He had previously served as minister of national integration under president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.On 3 July 2017, he was arrested on suspicion of obstruction of justice for allegedly trying to block plea bargain deals. He was the second official from the Temer government to be arrested in less than a month. He was the fourth to resign amid corruption allegations since Temer took office August 31, 2016.On 5 September 2017, the Federal Police of Brazil found R$51 million in an apartment in the Graça neighbourhood of the city of Salvador - BA. The amount seems related to corruption, criminal organization and money laundering.
Packs of money were found stored in large luggage bags and cardboard boxes. This is the largest sum of money in cash ever seized by law enforcement in a single operation in Brazil.Heckler
A heckler is a person who harasses and tries to disconcert others with questions, challenges, or gibes.
Hecklers are often known to shout disparaging comments at a performance or event, or to interrupt set-piece speeches, with the intent of disturbing performers and/or participants.Ilan Goldfajn
Ilan Goldfajn (born March 12, 1966) is an Israeli-born Brazilian economist and the current President of the Central Bank of Brazil.Law enforcement agency
A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.
Outside North America, such organizations are usually called police services. In North America, some of these services are called police, others are known as sheriff's offices/departments, while investigative police services in the United States are often called bureaus, for example the Federal Bureau of Investigation.Operation Car Wash
Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato) is an ongoing criminal investigation being carried out by the Federal Police of Brazil, Curitiba Branch, and judicially commanded by, first, Judge Sérgio Moro, and, currently, Judge Gabriela Hardt.Initially a money laundering investigation, it has expanded to cover allegations of corruption at the state-controlled oil company Petrobras, where executives allegedly accepted bribes in return for awarding contracts to construction firms at inflated prices. This criminal "system" is known as "Operação Lava Jato" – "Operation Car Wash" – because it was first uncovered at a car wash in Brasilia, or occasionally "Petrolão" because the scandal involved the state-controlled oil company. The operation has included more than a thousand warrants for search and seizure, temporary and preventive detention, and plea bargain coercive measures, with the aim of ascertaining the extent of a money laundering scheme suspected of moving more than R$30 billion (~US$9.5 billion as of 23 July 2017).Operation Weak Meat
The Operation Carne Fraca or Operation Weak Meat in Brazilian media in English (Portuguese for meat of minor quality), is an action enforced by the Federal Police of Brazil, the Brazilian federal police, started on March 17, 2017 which investigated some of the country's largest meat processing companies.
The company JBS S.A., holding the trademarks Seara Alimentos, Swift Armour, Friboi and Vigor and also the BRF company, holding the trademarks Sadia and Perdigão are accused of having mixed rotten meat treated with chemical components into meat sold in Brazil and abroad.As a first consequence, more than 30 meat inspectors were fired.
They allegedly allowed rotten meat to be sold,
dates of expiration to be altered, disguised meat of poor quality, and mixed potentially carcinogenic chemical substances - according to Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa), sorbic acid and the not for use authorized Vitamin C.Renault Sherpa 2
The Sherpa Light Scout (former Sherpa 2) is one of the six versions of the SHERPA LIGHT family of 4x4 tactical and light armoured vehicles developed by French company Renault Trucks Defense. Available in unarmoured or armoured variants (ballistic, mine and IED kits), the Scout is ideally suited for tactical missions such as scouting, patrol, convoy escort and command and liaison. It is able to transport up to 4 or 5 soldiers or a total payload of up to 4 tonnes.Its vehicles are available to North American customers via Mack Defense under license.Rogério Galloro
Rogério Augusto Viana Galloro (born 1970 in São José do Rio Preto) is a Brazilian police officer and current Director-General of the Federal Police of Brazil (PF). Joined the PF in 1995. Between April 2011 and June 2013, Galloro was attache of the Federal Police in the United States of America.Same-sex immigration policy in Brazil
Same-sex immigration policy in Brazil or immigration equality is legal in Brazil since December 3, 2003, and the new text is of January 29, 2008. The Federal Police of Brazil, located in the Brazilian Airports, is the responsible by this initial procedure, that forwards the documents to the National Immigration Council of Brazil, located in Brasília, the federal capital. Which examines whether the union is true, such as opposite-sex couples.The Mechanism (TV series)
O Mecanismo (English: The Mechanism) is a Brazilian political drama television series created by José Padilha and Elena Soarez, directed by Padilha, Felipe Prado, and Marcos Prado, and written by Elena Soarez. The show depicts Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato), an ongoing police taskforce that discovered a widespread corruption scheme involving the Brazilian government and several prominent engineering firms. The series premiered all episodes of the first season March 23, 2018, worldwide, on Netflix.On May 28, 2018, the series was renewed for a second season.Visa policy of Brazil
Visitors to Brazil must obtain a visa from one of the Brazilian diplomatic missions, unless they come from one of the visa-exempt countries or countries eligible for an electronic visa.