Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman (Urdu: مولانا فضل الرحمٰن; born 19 June 1953) is a Pakistani politician who is the current President of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F). Rehman previously served as Leader of the Opposition from 2004 to 2007. Rehman had been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan between 1988 and May 2018.
|President of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal|
|Assumed office |
20 March 2018
|Emir of Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F)|
|Assumed office |
|Leader of the Opposition|
25 May 2004 – 15 November 2007
|Prime Minister||Shaukat Aziz|
|Preceded by||Benazir Bhutto|
|Succeeded by||Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
1 June 2013 – 31 May 2018
18 November 2002 – 18 November 2007
17 March 2008 – 31 May 2013
16 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
2 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
|Born||19 June 1953|
Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan
|Political party||Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)|
|Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (2002–2008)|
|Children||Asad Mehmood (son)|
|Relatives||Maulana Lutf ur Rehman (brother)|
|Net worth||₨7.7 million (US$73,000)|
Rehman hails from a religious and political family Dera Ismail Khan. His father, Mufti Mahmud was an Islamic scholar and politician who served as the chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from 1972 to 1973.
Rehman begun his political career as the secretary general of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1980 at the age of 27 after the death of his father Mufti Mahmud who was the leader of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam before his death.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 1988 for the first time on from D.I.Khan seat. He then made connections with Afghan Taliban.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 1993 for the second time on Islamic Jamhoori Mahaz ticket from D.I.Khan seat. Rehman was appointed as the chairman of the Standing Committee for Foreign Affairs in National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman led several anti-American protest, and pro-Taliban rallies in the major cities of Pakistan following the war in Afghanistan in 2001. He criticised then President of United States George W. Bush, and threatened to launch jihad, against the United States if the bombings continued. He also criticised and warned then President of the Pakistan Pervez Musharraf that he would be overthrown if he continued to support for the “War on Terror”. In October 2001, Pervez Musharraf placed Rehman under house arrest in his native village Abdul Khel for inciting the citizens of Pakistan against the armed forces of Pakistan and for trying to overthrow the government of Pakistan. Later in March 2002, Rehman was set free and the cases against him were withdrawn.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 2002 for the third time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket. He won on two seats, NA-24 and NA-25, the later was vacated.
He served as the leader of the opposition from 2004 to 2007.
Rehman ran for the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 2008 for the sixth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from two constituencies, NA-24, D.I. Khan which is his traditional constituency and NA-26, Bannu In September 2008, he was elected chairman of the Kashmir committee of the National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the fourth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from Bannu constituency, however he lost the election in D.I. Khan constituency. By 2008, Rehman distanced himself from Taliban and called himself a moderate.
In May 2014, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif gave him the status of a federal minister for being the chairman of special committee of the National Assembly on Kashmir. In August 2017, Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi gave him the same status again. Upon the dissolution of the National Assembly on the expiration of its term on 31 May 2018, he ceased to hold the status of a federal minister.
On 27 August 2018, several opposition parties including Pakistan Muslim League (N), nominated him as a candidate in the 2018 presidential election. On 4 September 2018, he clinched 184 electoral votes behind Arif Alvi (352) and ahead of Aitzaz Ahsan (124) in the election.
Rehman was generally considered a pro-Taliban politician in Pakistan, known for his close ties to Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. However he called himself a moderate with no connections with the Islamic extremists and religious hardliners. He also called for imposition of Sharia law in Pakistan in the past, but later formed alliances with secular political parties in Pakistan.
He is also known for changing his ideologies and alliances with the political parties in Pakistan.
In 2011, Rehman had been the target of two assassination attempt one after another but remained unhurt in both. First attack came when a suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy while Rehman was heading towards Peshawar-Islamabad Motorway and one day later, he was attacked again when a suicide bomber blew himself near a convoy of Rehman in which twelve people were killed.
In 2014, Rehman car was damaged when a suspected suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a JUI-F rally in Quetta. At least two people were killed and dozens injured, however he was unhurt in the attack. Banned militant group, Jundullah, claimed responsibility for the attack.
| Leader of the Opposition
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi