Fatimah bint Asad
Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad
فاطمة بنت أسد
c. 68 BH
(c. 555 CE)
|Died||c. 4 AH |
(c. 626 CE)
|Known for||Mother of Ali ibn Abu Talib, Aunt of Muhammad|
|Spouse(s)||Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib|
|Parent(s)||Asad ibn Hashim|
Fatimah bint Qays
|Lu'ayy ibn Ghalib|
|Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy||Ma'is ibn Lu'ayy|
|Murrah ibn Ka'b||'Abd ibn Ma'is|
|Kilab ibn Murrah||Hajar ibn 'Abd|
|Qusai ibn Kilab||Rawaha ibn Hajar|
|Abd Manaf ibn Qusai|
|Hashim ibn Abd Manaf||Salma bint Amr|
|Qays or Haram ibn Rawaha|
|Asad ibn Hashim||Fatima bint Qays|
|Fatimah bint Asad|
She married her cousin, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, and was the mother of seven of his children.
Fatimah became a Muslim and is described as a "righteous woman". Following Abu Talib's death in 620,:243 Fatimah emigrated to Medina with her son Ali in 622.:686 Muhammad used to visit her and take siestas in her house there.
She died in the year 625/626.:811 According to Anas bin Malik, when Muhammad learned that Fatimah had died, he went to her house to sit beside her body and pray for her, gave his shirt to be incorporated into her shroud, and personally placed her in her grave in the Jannatul Baqee cemetery in Medina.:475
Asad ibn Hashim (Arabic: أسد بن هاشم) was the son of Hashim ibn Abd al-Manaf and the brother of Abdul Muttalib. He was the father of Fatima bint Asad, the mother of Ali and the cousin and wife of Abu Talib. Asad was a very respectful person among the Qureshi Arab tribe. He was a merchant and very often helped the poor. His name means Lion (a brave one). His descendants usually use the surname "Qureshi", "Hashmi" or "al-Hashmi al-Asadi", while some of his descendants avoid using any surname.Batriyya
Batriyya (Arabic: بترية, adjective form Batri) is a Muslim sect from Zaidiyyah, some Shia clerics may use this term to refer to any shiite mixing the allegiance to the Imams and the allegiance to Abu Bakr and Umar.
Among those who used the term were Fadil Al-Darbandi, Muhammad Al-Sanad and Yasser Al-Habib.Du'a Nudba
Du'a Nudba is one of the major Shiite prayers about Muhammad al-Mahdi and his occultation. Nudba means to cry and Shiites read the prayer for ask to help them during the occultation. The supplication recite in Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Ghadeer, and in every Friday morning. Mazar al-Kabir, Mazar al-Ghadim, and Mesbaho al-Zaer were narrated the supplication. These books were written with authentic narrators such as Sayyed Ibn Tawus. Muhammad Baqir Majlisi wrote this prayer in Zaad-ul-Maad from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Also, Albazofari, a person who lived in minor occultation, narrated from The Four Deputies of Imam Mahdi that Imam Mahdi said to read the prayer.Dukayniyya Shia
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Fātimah bint al-Hasan ibn ‘Alī (Arabic: فاطمة بنت الـحسن بن علي) was a daughter of Hasan ibn ‘Alī, wife of ‘Alī ibn Husayn (fourth Twelver Imām), and mother of Muhammad al-Bāqir (fifth Twelver Imām). Her kunya was Umm ‘Abd Allāh and she was referred to as, "as-Siddīqa" ("the very truthful one") by ‘Alī ibn Husayn. It has also been reported that her features were such, that no one in the family of Hasan ibn ‘Alī looked like her.Hakimah Khātūn
Hakimah bint Muhammad al-Jawād (Arabic: حکیمه بنت محمد) Hakimah Khatun or Lady Hakimah was the daughter of Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad, and the aunt of Imam Hasan al-Askari. She is a prominent narrator in Shia hadith and history, especially for her narration of the birth of Al-Mahdi.Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Jumanah bint Abi Talib (Arabic: جمانة بنت أبي طالب) was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
She was a daughter of Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib and Fatimah bint Asad. She married her cousin, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith, and they had a son, Ja'far.Abu Sufyan was hostile to Islam for a long time. In 630 he told Jumanah that he intended to convert. She responded: "Finally, you see that Bedouins and foreigners have followed Muhammad, while you have been his confirmed foe! You should have been the first person to assist him!" She accompanied him on his journey to meet Muhammad at Al-Abwa; but Muhammad refused to see him. They followed Muhammad all the way back to Mecca. After the conquest, Jumanah accompanied some women from the Muttalib clan on a visit to Muhammad. She "softened" him about her husband; but it was only after the Battle of Hunayn that he accepted Abu Sufyan's conversion as genuine.Muhammad assigned Jumanah an income of 30 wasqs from Khaybar.She is not known to have narrated any hadith from Muhammad.Khalafiyya Shia
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Rawda khwani (Persian: روضه خوانی, "reading the Rawda") is the Shia Iranian Muslim ritual of the Mourning of Muharram. It is held every day of the year to commemorate the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his followers during the Battle of Karbala.Rayta bint Abi Talib
Rayṭah bint Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: رَيْطَة بِنْت أَبِي طَالِب) was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad.Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
Rubāb bint Imra’ al-Qays (Arabic: ربـاب بـنـت إمـرئ الـقـيـس), or Umm Rubāb (Arabic: أم ربـاب) was a wife of Al-Husayn ibn ‘Alī, and the mother of ‘Alī al-Asghar (also known as ‘Abdullāh) and Ruqayyah. Her father was Imra’ al-Qays ibn ‘Adī bin Aws (Arabic: إمـرئ الـقـيـس ابـن عـدي بـن أوس).Shia Islam in Benin
Shia Islam in Benin is composed of a minority, Shia Muslim community of Benin. The majority of Muslims in Benin, however, practice Sunni Islam.Shia Islam in Botswana
Shia Islam in Botswana is composed of a tiny minority of Shia Muslim community of Botswana.Shia Islam in Singapore
Shia Muslims are a minority in Singapore. Twelver Shias have been in Singapore since before the First World War. In the 1970s Rajabali Jumabhoy and his wife Fatima Premjee bought a shophouse in Lim Ah Woo Road where Muharram majaalis were addressed by Maulana Mazahir (an Urdu-language preacher from Lucknow in India).Shia view of Ali
Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a member of the Ahl al-Bayt. Shias regard Ali as the first Imam and consider him, along with his descendants, to be one of the divinely appointed successors of Muhammad who are claimed by the Shia the only legitimate religious and political leaders of the Muslim community. Although Ali was regarded, during the lifetime of Muhammad, as his initial successor, it would be 25 years before he was recognized with the title of Caliph (successor). Like the rest of his household, Shias claim that Ali is infallible and sinless and is one of The Fourteen Infallibles of the household of Muhammed.
Tradition states that Ali was born inside the Kaaba in Mecca, and was a member of the Quraysh tribe. Ali's father and Muhammad's uncle, Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, was custodian of the Kaaba and a sheikh of the Banu Hashim, an important branch of the powerful tribe of the Quraysh. His mother, Fatimah bint Asad, was also from the Banu Hashim. In Arab culture it was a great honor for Ali that both of his parents belonged to the Banu Hashim. Ali was also one of descendants of Ishmael (Isma'il) the son of Abraham (Ibrahim).
During his childhood, Ali spent his first six years under his father's roof. Then, as a result of famine in and around Mecca, Muhammad asked his uncle, Abu Talib, to allow Ali to come and live in the house of his cousin. It would be another four years until Muhammad would announce his Prophethood. When the divine command came for Muhammad to begin to preach, Ali, only a child of ten years, was the first male to publicly announce his support for his cousin. Over the coming years, Ali stood firmly in his support of Muhammad during the persecution of Muslims by the Meccans.
Ali migrated to Medina shortly after Muhammad. There Muhammad told Ali that he had been ordered by God to give his daughter, Fatimah, to Ali in marriage. For the ten years that Muhammad led the community in Medina, Ali was extremely active in his service, leading parties of warriors on raids, and carrying messages and orders. With the exception of the Battle of Tabouk, Ali took part in all the battles fought for Islam during this time.
After the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, the Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad) in Medina selected Ali to be the new Caliph. He encountered defiance and civil war (First Fitna) during his reign. Tragically, while Ali was praying and bowing to God in the Great Mosque of Kufa, Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a Kharijite assassin, struck him with a poison-coated sword. Ali died on the 21st of Ramadan in the city of Kufa in 661 CE. Ali is highly regarded for his knowledge, belief, honesty, devotion to Islam, loyalty to Muhammad, his equal treatment of all Muslims, and his generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies. In addition, he is respected as the rightful successor of Muhammad. Ali retains his stature as the foremost authority on the Tafsir (Quranic exegesis), Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and religious thought.
The compilation of sermons, lectures, and quotations attributed to Ali are compiled in the form of several books. Nahj al-Balagha is the most revered of them. It is considered by historians and scholars to be an important work in Islamic literature.Talib ibn Abi Talib
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Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim (Arabic: أم فروة بنت القاسم) or Umm Farwah Fatimah was the wife of Muhammad al-Baqir, and the mother of the sixth Imam, Ja'far al-Sadiq.Umm Salama
Hind bint Abi Umayya (Arabic: هند بنت أبي أمية), also known as Hind al-Makhzumiyah, Hind bint Suhayl or Umm Salama (Arabic: أم سلمة هند بنت أبي أمية) (c. 596 AD – 64 AH) was one of Muhammad's wives. Umm Salama was her kunya meaning, "mother of Salamah". Umm Salama was one of the most influential wives of Muhammad, recognized largely for recalling numerous Hadiths, or stories about Muhammad. The Shia belief is that Umm Salama was the most important wife of Muhammad, second to Khadijah.
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