Fatimah bint Asad

Fatimah bint Asad (c. 68 BH – 4 AH ; c. 555–626 CE) (Arabic: فاطمة بنت أسد‎, Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad) was the mother of Ali bin Abi Talib.

Fatimah bint Asad
Born
Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad
فاطمة بنت أسد

c. 68 BH
(c. 555 CE)
Diedc. 4 AH
(c. 626 CE)
Known forMother of Ali ibn Abu Talib, Aunt of Muhammad
Spouse(s)Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Children(see below)
Parent(s)Asad ibn Hashim
Fatimah bint Qays

Ancestry

She was the daughter of Asad ibn Hashim and Fatimah bint Qays, hence a member of the Hashim clan of the Quraysh.[1]

The maternal grandfather of Muhammad's wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Za'ida ibn al-Asamm ibn Rawaha, was the cousin of Fatimah's mother.

Lu'ayy ibn Ghalib
Ka'b ibn Lu'ayyMa'is ibn Lu'ayy[1]
Murrah ibn Ka'b'Abd ibn Ma'is
Kilab ibn MurrahHajar ibn 'Abd
Qusai ibn KilabRawaha ibn Hajar
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Hashim ibn Abd ManafSalma bint Amr
(Banu Najjar)
Qays or Haram ibn Rawaha
Asad ibn HashimFatima bint Qays
(bint Haram)
Fatimah bint Asad

Children

She married her cousin, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, and was the mother of seven of his children.

  1. Talib.
  2. Fakhitah (Umm Hani).
  3. Aqeel.
  4. Jumanah.
  5. Ja'far.
  6. Rayta.
  7. Ali, who was the husband of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.[1]

The orphaned Muhammad, who was Abu Talib's nephew and Fatimah's cousin, came to live in their house in 579 (when he was eight).[2][3]:131,133

Biography

Fatimah became a Muslim and is described as a "righteous woman".[1] Following Abu Talib's death in 620,[2][3]:243 Fatimah emigrated to Medina with her son Ali in 622.[4]:686 Muhammad used to visit her and take siestas in her house there.[1]

She died in the year 625/626.[4]:811 According to Anas bin Malik, when Muhammad learned that Fatimah had died, he went to her house to sit beside her body and pray for her, gave his shirt to be incorporated into her shroud, and personally placed her in her grave in the Jannatul Baqee cemetery in Medina.[4]:475

References

  1. ^ a b c d e ibn Sa'd, Muhammad (1995). Kitab at-Tabaqat al-Kabir (The Book of the Major Classes). VIII The Women of Madina. Translated by Bewley, Aisha. London: Ta-Ha Publishers. ISBN 978-1-897940-24-2.
  2. ^ a b ibn Ishaq, Muhammad (1955). Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (The Life of Muhammad). Translated by Guillaume, Alfred. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8369-9260-1.
  3. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 1. Translated by Haq, S. M. (1967). Ibn Sa'd's Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume I Parts I & II. Delhi: Kitab Bhavan.
  4. ^ a b c Al-Majlisi, M. B. Hayat al-Qulub. Translated by Rizvi, S. H. (2010). Volume 2: A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad (saww). Qum: Ansariyan Publications.

Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar. Great Women of Islam. Translated by Jamila Muhammad Qawi. Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, Riyadh. Online at kalamullah.com. pp. 163–167. Retrieved 2013-06-22.

External links

Asad ibn Hashim

Asad ibn Hashim (Arabic: أسد بن هاشم‎) was the son of Hashim ibn Abd al-Manaf and the brother of Abdul Muttalib. He was the father of Fatima bint Asad, the mother of Ali and the cousin and wife of Abu Talib. Asad was a very respectful person among the Qureshi Arab tribe. He was a merchant and very often helped the poor. His name means Lion (a brave one). His descendants usually use the surname "Qureshi", "Hashmi" or "al-Hashmi al-Asadi", while some of his descendants avoid using any surname.

Batriyya

Batriyya (Arabic: بترية‎, adjective form Batri) is a Muslim sect from Zaidiyyah, some Shia clerics may use this term to refer to any shiite mixing the allegiance to the Imams and the allegiance to Abu Bakr and Umar.

Among those who used the term were Fadil Al-Darbandi, Muhammad Al-Sanad and Yasser Al-Habib.

Du'a Nudba

Du'a Nudba is one of the major Shiite prayers about Muhammad al-Mahdi and his occultation. Nudba means to cry and Shiites read the prayer for ask to help them during the occultation. The supplication recite in Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Ghadeer, and in every Friday morning. Mazar al-Kabir, Mazar al-Ghadim, and Mesbaho al-Zaer were narrated the supplication. These books were written with authentic narrators such as Sayyed Ibn Tawus. Muhammad Baqir Majlisi wrote this prayer in Zaad-ul-Maad from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Also, Albazofari, a person who lived in minor occultation, narrated from The Four Deputies of Imam Mahdi that Imam Mahdi said to read the prayer.

Dukayniyya Shia

The Dukayniyya Shia (named for one of its leaders, Abu Nu'aym al-Fadl ibn al-Dukayn) were a sect of the Zaidi branch of Shia Islam. The Dukayniyya Shia were led by Abu Nu'aym al-Fadl ibn al-Dukayn and Ibrahim ibn al-Hakam.

Fatimah bint Hasan

Fātimah bint al-Hasan ibn ‘Alī (Arabic: فاطمة بنت الـحسن بن علي‎) was a daughter of Hasan ibn ‘Alī, wife of ‘Alī ibn Husayn (fourth Twelver Imām), and mother of Muhammad al-Bāqir (fifth Twelver Imām). Her kunya was Umm ‘Abd Allāh and she was referred to as, "as-Siddīqa" ("the very truthful one") by ‘Alī ibn Husayn. It has also been reported that her features were such, that no one in the family of Hasan ibn ‘Alī looked like her.

Hakimah Khātūn

Hakimah bint Muhammad al-Jawād (Arabic: حکیمه بنت محمد‎) Hakimah Khatun or Lady Hakimah was the daughter of Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad, and the aunt of Imam Hasan al-Askari. She is a prominent narrator in Shia hadith and history, especially for her narration of the birth of Al-Mahdi.

Jumanah bint Abi Talib

Jumanah bint Abi Talib (Arabic: جمانة بنت أبي طالب‎) was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

She was a daughter of Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib and Fatimah bint Asad. She married her cousin, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith, and they had a son, Ja'far.Abu Sufyan was hostile to Islam for a long time. In 630 he told Jumanah that he intended to convert. She responded: "Finally, you see that Bedouins and foreigners have followed Muhammad, while you have been his confirmed foe! You should have been the first person to assist him!" She accompanied him on his journey to meet Muhammad at Al-Abwa; but Muhammad refused to see him. They followed Muhammad all the way back to Mecca. After the conquest, Jumanah accompanied some women from the Muttalib clan on a visit to Muhammad. She "softened" him about her husband; but it was only after the Battle of Hunayn that he accepted Abu Sufyan's conversion as genuine.Muhammad assigned Jumanah an income of 30 wasqs from Khaybar.She is not known to have narrated any hadith from Muhammad.

Khalafiyya Shia

The Khalafiyya Shia (named for its founder Khalaf ibn Abd al-Samad) were a subsect of the Zaidi branch of Shia Islam.

Khashabiyya Shia

The Khashabiyya Shia (named for their exclusive use of pieces of wood as weapons in their revolt against the Ummayads under the leadership of Al-Mukhtar) are an extinct subsect of the Zaidi branch of Shia Islam. They originated as followers of Al-Mukhtar and hence would have been expected to be categorized under the Kaysanite Shia sect. The Khashabiyya Shia were later known in Khurasan as the Surkhabiyya (named for their leader Surkhab al-Tabari).

Rawda Khwani

Rawda khwani (Persian: روضه خوانی‎, "reading the Rawda") is the Shia Iranian Muslim ritual of the Mourning of Muharram. It is held every day of the year to commemorate the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his followers during the Battle of Karbala.

Rayta bint Abi Talib

Rayṭah bint Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: رَيْطَة بِنْت أَبِي طَالِب‎) was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad.

Rubab bint Imra al-Qais

Rubāb bint Imra’ al-Qays (Arabic: ربـاب بـنـت إمـرئ الـقـيـس‎), or Umm Rubāb (Arabic: أم ربـاب‎) was a wife of Al-Husayn ibn ‘Alī, and the mother of ‘Alī al-Asghar (also known as ‘Abdullāh) and Ruqayyah. Her father was Imra’ al-Qays ibn ‘Adī bin Aws (Arabic: إمـرئ الـقـيـس ابـن عـدي بـن أوس‎).

Shia Islam in Benin

Shia Islam in Benin is composed of a minority, Shia Muslim community of Benin. The majority of Muslims in Benin, however, practice Sunni Islam.

Shia Islam in Botswana

Shia Islam in Botswana is composed of a tiny minority of Shia Muslim community of Botswana.

Shia Islam in Singapore

Shia Muslims are a minority in Singapore. Twelver Shias have been in Singapore since before the First World War. In the 1970s Rajabali Jumabhoy and his wife Fatima Premjee bought a shophouse in Lim Ah Woo Road where Muharram majaalis were addressed by Maulana Mazahir (an Urdu-language preacher from Lucknow in India).

Shia view of Ali

Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a member of the Ahl al-Bayt. Shias regard Ali as the first Imam and consider him, along with his descendants, to be one of the divinely appointed successors of Muhammad who are claimed by the Shia the only legitimate religious and political leaders of the Muslim community. Although Ali was regarded, during the lifetime of Muhammad, as his initial successor, it would be 25 years before he was recognized with the title of Caliph (successor). Like the rest of his household, Shias claim that Ali is infallible and sinless and is one of The Fourteen Infallibles of the household of Muhammed.

Tradition states that Ali was born inside the Kaaba in Mecca, and was a member of the Quraysh tribe. Ali's father and Muhammad's uncle, Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, was custodian of the Kaaba and a sheikh of the Banu Hashim, an important branch of the powerful tribe of the Quraysh. His mother, Fatimah bint Asad, was also from the Banu Hashim. In Arab culture it was a great honor for Ali that both of his parents belonged to the Banu Hashim. Ali was also one of descendants of Ishmael (Isma'il) the son of Abraham (Ibrahim).

During his childhood, Ali spent his first six years under his father's roof. Then, as a result of famine in and around Mecca, Muhammad asked his uncle, Abu Talib, to allow Ali to come and live in the house of his cousin. It would be another four years until Muhammad would announce his Prophethood. When the divine command came for Muhammad to begin to preach, Ali, only a child of ten years, was the first male to publicly announce his support for his cousin. Over the coming years, Ali stood firmly in his support of Muhammad during the persecution of Muslims by the Meccans.

Ali migrated to Medina shortly after Muhammad. There Muhammad told Ali that he had been ordered by God to give his daughter, Fatimah, to Ali in marriage. For the ten years that Muhammad led the community in Medina, Ali was extremely active in his service, leading parties of warriors on raids, and carrying messages and orders. With the exception of the Battle of Tabouk, Ali took part in all the battles fought for Islam during this time.

After the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, the Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad) in Medina selected Ali to be the new Caliph. He encountered defiance and civil war (First Fitna) during his reign. Tragically, while Ali was praying and bowing to God in the Great Mosque of Kufa, Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a Kharijite assassin, struck him with a poison-coated sword. Ali died on the 21st of Ramadan in the city of Kufa in 661 CE. Ali is highly regarded for his knowledge, belief, honesty, devotion to Islam, loyalty to Muhammad, his equal treatment of all Muslims, and his generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies. In addition, he is respected as the rightful successor of Muhammad. Ali retains his stature as the foremost authority on the Tafsir (Quranic exegesis), Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and religious thought.

The compilation of sermons, lectures, and quotations attributed to Ali are compiled in the form of several books. Nahj al-Balagha is the most revered of them. It is considered by historians and scholars to be an important work in Islamic literature.

Talib ibn Abi Talib

Talib ibn Abi Talib (571–624) was a first cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a brother of the first Imam Ali.

Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim

Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim (Arabic: أم فروة بنت القاسم‎) or Umm Farwah Fatimah was the wife of Muhammad al-Baqir, and the mother of the sixth Imam, Ja'far al-Sadiq.

Umm Salama

Hind bint Abi Umayya (Arabic: هند بنت أبي أمية‎), also known as Hind al-Makhzumiyah, Hind bint Suhayl or Umm Salama (Arabic: أم سلمة هند بنت أبي أمية‎) (c. 596 AD – 64 AH) was one of Muhammad's wives. Umm Salama was her kunya meaning, "mother of Salamah". Umm Salama was one of the most influential wives of Muhammad, recognized largely for recalling numerous Hadiths, or stories about Muhammad. The Shia belief is that Umm Salama was the most important wife of Muhammad, second to Khadijah.

 
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