Fateh-110

Fateh-110 (Persian: فاتح-۱۱۰‎, "conqueror") is a single-stage solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran by the Aerospace Industries Organization, including the solid fuel propellant. Iran successfully flight tested the final version of the Fateh-110 in September, 2002. Several weeks later in mid-September 2002 the Aerospace Industries Organization opened a plant to mass-produce the Fateh-110. The initial range of the missile was 200 km but in September 2004 it was announced that it had been extended to 250 km and if needed it could be increased further. Fateh-110 has a range of 300 km in its fourth generation which was unveiled in 2012.[2]

Fateh 110
Fateh-110 Missile by YPA.IR 02
Fateh-110 missiles on Zolfaghar TEL in a parade
Type Tactical SRBM
Service history
In service 2002–present
Used by Iran
Syria
North Korea
Hezbollah
Wars Syrian civil war
Production history
Manufacturer Iran
Unit cost Unknown
Specifications
Weight 3,500 kg
Length 8.90 m
Diameter 0.60 m
Warhead One
Blast yield Not applicable

Engine Solid fuel rocket (single stage)
Operational
range
300 km
Speed Mach 3.5
Guidance
system
Inertial, global navigation satellite system[1] & electro-optical terminal
Accuracy Less than 10 meters in Fateh-313 and Khalije Fars and Hormoz

History and combat record

After the Iran-Iraq war, Iran found out that it needed an accurate short-range missile, as its Zelzal and Naze'at rockets were unguided rockets and thus very inaccurate. Thus, 200 Chinese CSS-8 short-range missiles were bought in 1989.[3] But those missiles did not satisfy Iranians because of their short range, relatively light warhead and bulky structure. So a project was assigned to Shahid Bagheri Industries to design and produce a guided short-range missile.

Developments began in 1995 and Zelzal 2 was chosen for the basis of the missile. Reportedly Syria also joined the program and produced its version called M-600. North Korea also gained some missiles.[4] In 2006 the US Department of the Treasury accused Great Wall Industry, a Chinese Corporation and its partners for playing a lead role in the development of the Fateh missile system, as Iran had no previous experience with solid fuelled ballistic missiles.[5][6] First tests occurred in 2002 which were successful, and the missile was put into production.

In 2004, a version with extended range of 250 km was unveiled. This version is probably the one offered for export.[7]

It seemed that Syrians were still trying to produce their M-600 in 2008 based on the version unveiled in 2004.[8] In 2010 the Israeli press claimed that Syria has given hundreds of M-600 missiles to Hezbollah.[9]

In 2010, an upgraded version, dubbed "Third Generation of Fateh-110" was tested by Iran. Iranian defense minister Ahmad Vahidi stated that accuracy, range, reaction time and storage capability in different parts of the country are increased. After that Iranian TV provided footage of the test and the impact.[10] Some time later, it was delivered to IRGC.[11] The range of the missile was stated as 300 km.[12]

In 2011, Iran unveiled its first anti-ship ballistic missile called Khalij Fars (means Persian Gulf "خلیج فارس"). It is clearly based on Fateh-110 and shares the range of 300 km with the later versions.

In 2017 Iran showed a test-fire of Hormoz-2 missile from 250 km and destroyed a 6 m target from 250 km. It was an anti-radiation missile (ARM) .[13][14][15][16][17]

On August 2012 Iran successfully test-fired the fourth generation of Fateh-110 missiles.

Fateh 110 2012
Fateh-110 during a 2012 military exhibition in Tehran, Iran

On 3 and 5 May 2013, Israel claimed it had hit an alleged shipment of Fateh-110 in Syria that it claimed were "destined for Hezbollah". Israel said that it would not tolerate "game changing weapons" falling into the hands of Hezbollah.[18][19] On 18 May Israeli media claimed that the Syrian army had aimed a battery of Tishreen missiles, Syria's version of Iran’s Fateh-110, at Tel Aviv according to reconnaissance satellites. These missiles are believed to see possible use as a deterrent against further Israeli airstrikes on Syrian targets.[20]

In late November 2014, Iranian and Lebanese sources confirmed that Hezbollah had received Iranian Fateh-110 guided ballistic missiles and inducted them into their missile arsenal. With a 250–350 km (160–220 mi) range, Fateh-110 missiles fired from Lebanon could hit targets anywhere in Israel up to the northern Negev. Israel has regarded deliveries of such missiles as justification for preemptive response, as the previous year it attacked missile shipments, transport convoys, and storage sites in Syria and Lebanon to prevent these and other missile types from being acquired by Hezbollah.[21]

According to two unnamed U.S. military officials, the Syrian Government has fired at least two Fateh A-110 missiles in late December 2012. The firing of these missiles appeared to be an effort to more precisely target Syrian rebels.[22]

Design

Missile body is very similar to that of Zelzal 2. It has the same diameter of 610 mm and a length of 8.86 m.

It has three sets of fins. Four at the end of it near the exhaust, four other triangular shaped fins just above them and four small ones in front of missile near the nosecone. Of the three sets of fins on the missile, only the front ones are movable.

Transporting

Fateh 110 uses three different TELs. The first one has a similar mechanism with SA-2 and is based on a Mercedes-Benz 6x6 truck. The second one is the TEL that is used by newer versions of Zelzal rockets that again uses the Mercedes-Benz platform. The third one is a new indigenous TEL called Zolfaghar that is able to carry two missiles instead of one.

Variations

Variant Range Warhead Weight Speed Notes
Fateh-110 200 km 650 kg Mach 3.5 First variant
Fateh-110 Second Generation 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Announced in 2004
Fateh-110 Third Generation 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Announced in 2010. Reports say that accuracy is also increased.[23]
Fateh-110-D1 (Fourth Generation) 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Addition of a new guidance system with "100% precision". Shown in 2012.[24]
Khalij Fars 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Anti-ship ballistic missile based on Fateh-110. Unveiled in 2011.[25]
Hormoz 1 300 km 450-600 Mach 4-5 Anti-ship / anti-radar (ARM) ballistic missile.[17][16][15][14][13]
Hormoz 2 300 km 450-600 Mach 4-5 Anti-ship / anti-radar (ARM) ballistic missile in May- 2014.[17][16][15][14][13]
M-600 or Tishreen 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Syrian variant
Fateh-313 500 km - - Successor to Fateh-110 versions.[26]
Zolfaghar 750 km - - newest version with submunitions warhead unveiled in 2016.[27][28]

Operators

Fateh-110 operators
Map with Fateh-110 operators in blue

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/71519/iran-says-it-hit-targets-in-syria-with-zolfaghar-ballistic-missiles
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Tondar 69 (CSS-8) (Iran)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  4. ^ "Fateh A-110". MissileThreat.csis.org. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  5. ^ https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/141007_Iran_Rocket_Missile_forces.pdf
  6. ^ https://www.americansecurityproject.org/ASP%20Reports/Ref%200134%20-%20Iranian%20Ballistic%20Missiles.pdf
  7. ^ "MXF05-000350 Fateh-110 Surface to Surface Missile". Modlex. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  8. ^ "Fateh A-110". CSIS Missile Threat. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  9. ^ Yaakov Katz, Rebecca Anna Stoil (2010-05-06). "Hizbullah received hundreds of Syrian missiles". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  10. ^ http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/pages/?cid=116337
  11. ^ http://www.mehrnews.com/fa/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=1155522
  12. ^ "سردار حاجي‌زاده اعلام كرد: برد نسل سوم موشك فاتح 110 به 300 كيلومتر رسيده است". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "PressTV-Iran successfully test-fires Hormuz-2 ballistic missile". Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  14. ^ a b c "Irans-Hormoz-missile". Zola Levitt Ministries. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  15. ^ a b c Tomlinson, Lucas (2017-03-06). "Iran launched 2 ballistic missiles, US officials say". Fox News. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  16. ^ a b c "Fateh 110 missiles in Iran, Syria and Lebanon | Defense Update:". defense-update.com. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  17. ^ a b c "Iran's Hormoz-2, worlds first anti-radiation ballistic missile". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
  18. ^ "Israel confirms airstrike inside Syria". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  19. ^ "Syria warns Israel after 'latest air raids'". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  20. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/report-assad-preparing-missile-strike-against-tel-aviv-in-case-attacked-again-1.524664 Report: Assad preparing missile strike against Tel Aviv in case attacked again May.19, 2013
  21. ^ Iran: We supplied ballistic guided rockets to Hezbollah - Defense-Update.com, 24 November 2014
  22. ^ Barbara Starr (2012-12-28). "U.S. officials: Syria using more accurate, Iranian-made missiles". CNN. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  26. ^ Iran Doubles ‘Fateh’ Guided Missile’s Range to 500km - Defense-Update.com, 22 August 2015
  27. ^ http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13950631000684 - Iranian parade 2016
  28. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/64149/iran-claims-zolfaghar-missile-has-700-km-range

External links

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.