Fasti Ostienses

The Fasti Ostienses are a calendar of Roman magistrates and significant events from 49 BC to AD 175, found at Ostia, the principal seaport of Rome. Together with similar inscriptions, such as the Fasti Capitolini and Fasti Triumphales at Rome, the Fasti Ostienses form part of a chronology known as the Fasti Consulares, or Consular Fasti.

The Fasti Ostienses were originally engraved on marble slabs in a public place, either the Ostian forums, or the temple of Vulcan, the tutelary deity of Ostia.[3] The fasti were later dismantled and used as building materials. Since their rediscovery, they have become one of the primary sources for the chronology of the early Roman Empire, along with historians such as Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio.[4]

King Pharasmanes on Fasti Ostienses
A fragment of the Fasti Ostienses that mentions Pharasmanes II of Iberia.[1][2] PHARASMAN'[ES REX IBERORVM CVM FILIO]
Pharasman[es, the king of Iberia with the son]
and his wife Phr[to whom the emp[eror] Antoninus Aug[ustus], the kingdom]


The term fasti originally referred to calendars published by the pontifices, indicating the days on which business could be transacted (fasti) and those on which it was prohibited for religious reasons (nefasti).[5] These calendars frequently included lists of the annual magistrates. In many ancient cultures, the most common way to refer to individual years was by the names of the presiding magistrates. The annually-elected consuls were the eponymous magistrates at Rome, and so lists of the consuls going back many years were useful for dating historical events. Over time such lists also became known as fasti.[5][6]

Located at the mouth of the Tiber, Ostia was the chief seaport of Rome from the earliest period until the third century AD, when it was overtaken by Portus.[7] The Fasti Ostienses were inscribed in a public place somewhere in the city, although precisely where is uncertain; perhaps in the local forum, or on the walls of the temple of Vulcan, the location of which has not been identified.[3] In either case, they were probably superintended by the Pontifex Volkani, the priest of Vulcan at Ostia. The surviving fragments of the Ostienses mention this appointment several times.[8] The carving of the Ostian fasti may have begun as early as the dictatorship of Sulla, in 81 BC, but the earliest surviving portion records the events from 49 to 44 BC. The last extant year is AD 175, but there are many gaps, and most of the surviving years are damaged.[4]

It is not clear at what time the fasti were dismantled for reuse as building material; they may have been abandoned as early as the Severan dynasty, but more likely this occurred following the advent of Christianity as the state religion toward the end of the fourth century,[9] or still later, when the city came under threat from raids from both land and sea during the fifth century. However, from the ninth century to the nineteenth, the old city was effectively abandoned, and regarded largely as a source of material for construction elsewhere.[7]


For each year, the Ostienses provide a list of the consuls, including both of the ordinares, the consuls who entered office at the beginning of January, and traditionally gave their names to the year, followed by all of the suffecti, consuls who took office following the resignation or death of their predecessors in the course of the year.[10][11] Under the Republic, consules suffecti were elected only if one of the ordinares died, or was forced to resign. But in imperial times, it became common for the emperors to appoint two, four, or even six pairs of consuls during the course of a year.

Part of the reason for increasing the number of consuls was to show favour to the Roman aristocracy, for whom holding the consulship for even a short period was a great honour; but the more practical reason was to fill the large number of important positions in the imperial bureaucracy that were traditionally held by ex-consuls.

Typically, each pair of consuls would enter office at the beginning, or Kalends, of a month, although sometimes consuls would take office on the Ides or Nones, or on rare occasions between these dates. Most of the emperors held the consulship several times, typically serving as one of the ordinares, and then resigning, often as early as the Ides of January.

In addition to the consuls, the Ostienses listed the local duumviri jure dicundo, the chief magistrates of Ostia, who were also tasked with carrying out the census every fifth year. Prefects are also mentioned in a few years, but these also appear to have been local officials, often bearing the names of the same families who regularly supplied the city's duumvirs.[11]

Inserted between the Roman consuls and Ostian magistrates, the Ostienses describe important occasions, such as events relating to the emperor or the imperial family, the deaths of notable individuals, and the dedication of statues and temples. The main focus is on events at Rome, although several events of local significance to Ostians are also recorded, including the appointment of new Priests of Vulcan, and the donation of congiaria.[8]

Although the surviving portions of the fasti cover a period of nearly two hundred and twenty five years, only about eighty-five years are partially preserved. Moreover, contrary to the Fasti Capitolini, these fasti did not record the consuls' filiations, making prosopography of the Empire more difficult. Nonetheless, the Fasti Ostienses are immensely valuable as a source for the names and chronology of many of the consuls who held office under the empire.


The following tables give the magistrates and events from the most recent reconstruction of the Fasti Ostienses.[12] The years provided in the columns on the left are based on modern scholarship; the original inscription does not provide years. Portions of names and text in square brackets have been interpolated. Periods (full stops) have been supplied for abbreviations. Missing text is indicated with an ellipsis in brackets, [...]. These tables use modern conventions for distinguishing between I and J, and between U and V. Otherwise, the names and notes are given as spelled in the fasti.


  • Coss. = consules, consuls
  • Suf. = consules suffecti
  • IIviri = duumviri, duumvirs
  • c. p. q. = censoria potestate quinquennales, with the authority to take the quinquennial census
  • Praef. = praefecti, prefects
  • p. c. = patronus coloniae, patron of the colony
  • p. p. c. = patronus perpetuus coloniae, perpetual patron of the colony
  • Kal. = ex Kalendis, from the Kalends, or a. d. <number> Kalendas, the 'x' day before the Kalends (the first day of each month).
  • Non. = ex Nonis, from the Nones, or a. d. <number> Nonas, the 'x' day before the Nones (the seventh day of March, May, July, and October, and the fifth of all other months).
  • Id. = ex Idibus, from the Ides, or a. d. <number> Idus, the 'x' day before the Ides (the fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the thirteenth of all other months).


The following praenomina appear in the Fasti Ostienses. Most were regularly abbreviated.

  • A. = Aulus
  • Ap. = Appius
  • C. = Gaius
  • Cn. = Gnaeus
  • Faustus (not abbreviated)
  • L. = Lucius
  • M. = Marcus
  • M'. = Manius
  • P. = Publius
  • Q. = Quintus
  • Ser. = Servius
  • Sex. = Sextus
  • T. = Titus
  • Ti. = Tiberius

First century BC

Magistracy Magistrates Other text
49 705 Coss. [...]
Pompeiu[s urbem reliquit]
48 706 Coss.

[C.] Caesar
[P. Servilius]
M. Acil[ius]
Pompeius Al[exandriae occisus]
habitatio po[pulo remissa]
47 707 Coss.

[Q.] Fufius
[P. Vatinius]
Q. Vitell[ius]
46 708 Coss.

C. Caesar
[M. Aemilius]
A. Vitelli[us]
annus or[dinatione Caesaris]
mutatus aed[es Veneris Genetricis]
dedicata ep[ulum et congiarium dat[um]
naumachia [...]
45 709 Coss.

Q. Fabius
[C. Trebonius]
[C. Caninius]
Q. Vitelli[us]
44 710 Coss.

C. Caesar
[M. Antonius]
P. [Cornelius]
Caesar pare[ns patriae occisus]
Populo legavit viritum HS CCC et
hortos tr[ans Tiberim ...]

Years 43 BC to AD 1 missing

First century AD

Magistracy Magistrates Other text
2 756 [...] tecta est hominu[m plus ...g]
inta millia can[delis ardentibus
obviam processe[runt magistratus]
Ostiensium pulla[ti corpus tulerunt]
oppidum fuit orn[atum ...]
[e]odem anno fi[...]

Years 3 to 5 missing

6 760 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
IIviri c. p. q.

[M. Aemilius Lepidus]
[L. Arruntius]
[L. N]onius Asprenas
Agrippa Caesar
A. Egrilius Rufus
L. Cre[pereius?]

Years 7 to 13 missing

14 768 Coss.

[Sex. Pompeius]
[Sex. A]pp[u]lei[us]
[...]anius Gemellus II
[...]ranius Pollio
[August. I]II Ti. Caesar cens.
[egerun]t c. s. c. R. k. XXXXI DCCCC
[XXXVII?] xi]v. K. Sept. Augustus
15 769 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
[Drusus Caesa]r Ti. f.
C. Norbanus
[M. Ju]nius Silanus
[...]menius Veiento
[A. Egril?]ius Rufus
16 770 Coss.


IIviri c. p. q.
[Sisenna Statilius Tau]rus
L. Scribon. Libo
[C. Vibius] Rufinus
[C. Pomponi]us Graecinus
[A. Egrili?]us Rufus
[P. Paetin]ius Dexter
[...] populo patuit
17 771 Coss.


[L. Pomponius Flaccu]s
C. Caeliu[s]
[C. Vibius] Marsu[s]
[L. Volusei]us Procul[u]s
[A. Egrilius?] Rufus Major
[...]us Severus
[vii. K. Jun. Germ]anic. Caes[a]r
[triumphavi]t ex German.
18 772 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Febr.
Suf. iii. Kal. Mai.
Suf. Kal. Aug.

[Ti. Caesar III]
Germ]anicus Caesar II
[L. Sei]us Tubero
[M. Livi]neius Regulus
[C. Rube]llius Blandus
[M. Vip]stanus Gallus
C. Volusius Flaccus II
P. Sabidius II
19 773 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
M. Junius Silanus
L. Norbanus Balbus
P. Petronius
P. Lucilius G[amal]a II
M. Suellius M[...]s II
vi. Idus Dec. justitium ob
excessum G[er]manici
20 774 Coss.

M. Valerius Messalla
M. Aur[elius Cotta]
M.Valerius [...]
C. Avian[ius ...]
v. K. Jun. Drusus [Caesar] triumphavit ex Ill[yrico]
vii. Idus Jun. Nero to[g.] sumpsit cong. d.
21 775 Coss. Ti. Caesar IV
[Drusus Caesar II]

Years 22 and 23 missing

24 778 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
Ser. Co[rnelius Cethegus]
[L. Visellius Varro]
[C. Calpurnius Aviola]
[P. Cornelius Scipio]

Years 25 to 28 missing

29 783 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

C. [Fufius Geminus]
[L. Rubellius Geminus]
[A. Plautius]
[L. Nonius Asprenas]
30 784 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

M. V[inicius]
[L. Cassius Longinus]
[L. Naevius Surdinus]
[C. Cassius Longinus]
P. Paetinius Dexter II
L. Julius Carbo
iiii. Idus Mart. arcus Dru[si]
iiii. K. Mai. in locum Dext[ri]
IIvir A. Egrilius Rufus
pontifex Volkani creatu[s]
et A. Host[ili]us Gratu[s]
IIvir pronuntiatus
31 785 Coss.
Suf. vii. Id. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
Suf. Kal. Oct.
IIviri c. p. q.
Ti. Caesar A[ug]ustus V
Faustus C[or]nel. Sul[la]
Sex. Tedius [Cat]ullu[s]
L. Fulcinius [Tr]i[o]
P. Memmius R[egulus]
Q. Fabius Lo[ngus]
M. Naevius Opt[atus]
xv. K. Nov. Sejanus s[trang.]
K. Nov. Strabo [Sejani]
f. strang. vii. K. No[v. Apicata]
Sejani se occidi[t ...]
Dec. Capito Aelia[nus et]
Junilla Sejani f. [in Gem.]
32 786 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
Camill. Arrunt.
Cn. Domit. Aheno[b.]
A. Vitellius
L. Bucius Proculu[s]
P. Manlius Bassus
33 787 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

L. Livius Ocella Sulpicius Galb[a]
[L. C]ornelius Sulla
L. Salvius Otho
C. Octaviu[s]
P. Lucilius [Gamala IIII?]
C. Naevius [...]
[... A]ug. conjur. Sejan[i]
[exstincta e]t compl[ures]
[in s]calis [Gemoniis iacuer.]
[... D]ec. Lami[a praef. urb. exc.]
34 788 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

[Pa]ullus Fabius Persic.
L. Vi[tellius]
Q. Marc. Barea Sor.
T. Rustius Gallu[s]
D. Otacilius Rufu[s]
A. Egrilius Rufus
35 789 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
[C. Cestius]
M. Servilius Noni[anus]
[D. V]alerius As[iaticus]
[P. Gab]inius S[ecundus]
36 790 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

IIviri c. p. q.

[C. Vettius Rufus]
M. Porcius Cato
T. Sextius African.
A. Egrilius Rufus
Q. Fabius Longus [II]
A. Egrilius Rufus [f.?] in locum A. Egrili Rufi
K. Nov. pars circi inter
vitores arsit ad quod T[i.]
Caesar HS public [dedit]
M. Naevius Optatus pon[t.]
Volkani creatus xvi K. Au[g.]
37 791 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Cn. Acerronius
C. Pontiu[s]
C. Caesar
Ti. Claudius Nero Ger[m.]
A. Caecina Paetu[s]
C. Caninius Rebilu[s]
C. Caecilius Montan[us]
Q. Fabius Longus I[II]
xvii. K. Apr. Ti. Caesar Miseni
excessit iiii. K. Apr. corpus
in urbe perlatum per mili[t.]
iii. Non. Apr. f. p. e. e. K. Mai.
Antonia diem suum obit.
K. Jun. cong. d. LXXV xiiii. [K.] Aug. alteri LXXV
38 792 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Jul.
M. Aquila Julianus
P. Nonius Aspren[as]
Ser. Asinius Celer
Sex. Nonius Quintilian.
iiii. Idus Jun. Drusilla excessi[t]
xii. K. Nov. Aemiliana arser.

Years 39 to 52 missing

53 807 Coss.

Suf. Kal. ...

Suf. Kal. ...

[Q. Caeci]na Primus
[P.] Trebonius
[P. Calvis]ius Ruso
Sergius Florus
54 808 Coss. [M. Asinius Marc.]
M'. Aci]lius Aviol[a]

Years 55 to 65 missing

66 820 IIviri c. p. q. [A. Egrilius Ru]fus II
[... us]
[...]m. arsit

Years 67 to 70 missing

71 825 IIviri c. p. q. Q. Sallinius [... I]I
P. Luci[lius Ga]mala f.
[T. C]aesarem V[espasian. Au]g. f. im[p. ...]mit
72 826 Coss.

Suf. Kal. ...

Suf. Kal. ...
[Imp. Caesar V]espasian[us Aug. IIII]
[T. Caesar I]mp. II
C. Licin[ius Mucian. III]
[T. Flavius Sabi]n. II
[M. Ul]pius Tr[ajanus]

Year 73 missing

74 828 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Id. Mart.
Suf. Id. Mai.
Imp. Caesar Vesp[a]sianus V
T. Caesar Aug. f. [III]
Ti. Plautius Silvan. Aelianus [II]
L. Junius Vibius Crispus [II]
[Q. Petil. Cerial. II]
[T. Clod. Marcellus II]

Years 75 to 80 missing

81 835 IIviri c. p. q. [...]
[... on.]
82 836 Coss.


Suf. Kal. Jul.?
[Domitianus VIII]
[T. Flavius] Sabin.
[... In]noc.
[... Mettius Mo]dest.
[P. Valerius Patruinus]
[L. Antonius Saturnin.]

Year 83 missing

84 838 Suf. Kal. Mai.
Suf. Kal. Sept.?

Suf. ...
[... L. Julius U]rsus
[C. Tullius Capito]
[C. Cornelius Ga]llican.
[... G]allus
[... Imp. Domitianus congiarium divisit] LXXV
85 839 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.

[Domitianus XI]
[T. Aurelius Ful]vos II
[C. Rutilius Gallic. II]
[L. Vale]rius Mess. II
[M. Arrecinus Clemens II]
[L. Baebius Honor]atus
[P. Herennius Pollio]
[M. Herennius Po]llio f.
[D. Aburius Bassus]
[Q. Julius Bal]bus
[C. Salvius Liberalis]
[... Ore]stes
[... Secu]ndin.
86 840 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Mart.

Suf. Kal. Mai

Suf. Kal. Sept.
[Domitianus XII]
[Ser. Cornelius Dolabe]lla
[C. Secius Campan]us
[Q. Vibius Secu]nd.
[Sex. Octavius Fronto]
[Ti. Julius Candid]us
[A. Lappius Maximus]
[L. Javolenus Prisc]us

Year 87 missing

88 842 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Mai.
[Domitianus XIIII]
[L. Minucius] Rufus
[D. Plotius Gr]ypus
[C. Ninnius Hasta]
[L. Scribonius] Frugi

Years 89 and 90 fragmentary

viii. K. Mai. [...]
[... o]deum in ca[mpo Martio]
91 845 IIviri c. p. q. C. Cuperiu[s ...]
C. Arriu[s ...]
[...]ar[l]s in [fundo?]
Volusiano arb[os ful]
mine icta con[itum per]
92 846 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Domitianus XVI
Q. Volusi[us Saturninus]
L. Venuleius A[pronianus]
L. Stertinius Avitus
Ti. J[ulius Polemaean.]
C. Julius Silanus
Q. Aru[lenus Rusticus]
L. Terentius Tertiu[s]
93 847 Coss.

Suf. Kal. ...

Suf. Kal. ...

Suf. Kal. ...
[Sex. Pompeius Collega]
[Q. Peducaeus Pris]cus
[T. Avidius Quietus]
[L. Dasumius Hadri]anus
[C. Cornelius Rurus
[L. Julius Marinus?]
[... Tuccius Ceria?]lis
[... Imp. Domitianus congiar. divisit LX]XV
[in locum] Q. Dom[iti ... defuncti]
[P. Ost]iensis Mac[edo pontif. Volkani]
[et aedium sacrarum? creatus est]
94 848 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

[L. Nonius Aspre]nas
T. Sextius Ma[gius Lateranus]
D. Valerius Asiaticus
A. Ju[lius Quadratus]
L. Silius Decianus
T. Pomp[onius Bassus]
A. Caesilius Honorin[us]
Ostis crypta Terent[iana]
restituta est
95 849 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Domitianus XVII
T. Flavius [Clemens]
L. Neratius Mar[cellus]
A. Lappius Maxim. II
P. Duce[nius Verus]
Q. Pomponius Rufus
L. Baebiu[s Tullus]
[P. Lucretius Cinna]
L. Naevius Proc[ulus]
96 850 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

IIviri c. p. q.
C. Manlius Valens
C. Antistius Ve[tus]
Q. Fabius Postumin.
T. Priferniu[s Paetus]
Ti. Caesius Fronto
M. Calpurniu[s ...]
[...] II
xiiii. K. Oct. Domitianus o[ccisus]
eodem die M. Cocceius N[erva]
Imperator appellatu[s est]
xiii. K. Oct. s. c. fact[um ...]
97 851 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.?

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.
[Imp. Nerva Caesar Aug. III]
[M. Verginius Rufu]s III
[... Arrius Antoninus II]
[C.? Calpurn]ius Piso
[M.] Annius Verus
[L. Neratius Priscus]
[L. Do]mitius Apollinar.
Sex. [Hermetidius Campan.]
Q. Atiliu[s Agricola]
[Imp. Nerva Caesar? Germani]cus
[... Traja]num
[... a]dop[tavit]
98 852 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Febr.
Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Apr.
Suf. Kal. Mai.
Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.
[Imp. Nerv]a Caesa[r Aug. Germ. IIII]
[Imp. Nerva Caesar Trajanus II]
Cn. Domiti[us Tullus II]
Sex. Julius Fron[tinus II]
L. Julius Ursus [II]
T. Vestricius Spu[rinna II]
C. Pomponius [Pius]
A. Vicirius Martia[lis]
[L. Maecius Postumus]
[C.] Pomponius Ru[fus]
[Cn. Pompeius Ferox]
[Q. Bittius Proculus]
[P. Julius Lupus]

Year 99 missing

100 854 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.
Suf. Kal. Mart.?

Suf. Kal. Mai.?

Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.
[Imp. Nerva Trajanus Au]g. [III]
[Sex. Julius Frontinus III]
[L.] Julius Ur[sus III]
[...]cius Macer
C. Cilnius Proculus
[L. Her]ennius Saturnin.
L. Pompon. Mamilian.
[Q.] Acutius Nerva
L. Fabius Tuscus
C. Julius Cornutus
C. Plinius Secundus
L. Roscius Aelianus
Ti. Claudius Sacerdo[s]
[...] consummat[... ab Im]p. Trajan[o]

Second century

Magistracy Magistrates Other Text
101 855 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Febr.
Suf. Kal. Apr.
[Imp. Ne]rv[a Trajanus Aug. IIII]
[Q. Articuleius Paetus]
Se[x. Attius Suburanus Aemilian.]
Q. Servae[us Innocens]
[M. Maecius Celer]
[... in locum ... Cl]emens IIvi[r c. p. q. factus]
102 856 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Mai.?
Suf. Kal. Sept.?

[L. Julius Servianus II]
[L. Li]cinius Sura [II]
[L. Fabius] Just[us]
[L. Publi]lius Cels[us]
[L. Antonius Albus]
[M. Juniu]s [Homullus]
Cn. Se[ntius] Clodianus
P. V[...]
[Imp. Nerva Trajanus Aug. Ger. contionem ad]
vocavit [qua cogno]min[atus est Dacicus et deos in]
tribuna[li precat]us est v[... K. Jan. Imp. Trajanus]
de Dacis [triump]havit
103 857 Coss.

Suf. Id.? Jan.
Suf. ...
[Imp. Nerv]a Trajan[us Aug. G]er. Dacic. V
M'. La[berius Maximus II]
Q. [Glitiu]s Agr[icola II]
[P. M]etiliu[s Nepos]
Q. Baebi.
[M. Flavius Ap]er
C. Mettiu[s Modestus]
[A]nnius Mela
P. Calpurn[ius Macer]
[... Fe]br. Imp. Nerva Traja[nus Aug. Ge]rmanic. Dacicus c[ong.] dedit?]
viii. K. Jan. [...]
[...] victor fu[...]
[...]at co[epit]
104 858 IIviri [...]us Veru[s] [v]etustate corr[uptum ...]
[...] restitutum [...]
[... J]ulias
105 859 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. xvi. Kal. Aug.
Suf. Kal. Sept.

[Ti. Julius C]andidus II
A. Julius Quadratus [II]
C. Julius Bassus
Cn. Afranius Dexte[r]
Q. Caelius Honoratus loco Dextri
M. Vitorius Marcellus
C. Caecilius Strabo
A. Livius Priscus
L. Licinius Valerianus
pr. Non. Jun. Imp. Nerva Trajanus Aug. in Moesia pro
fectus viii. K. Jul. Afranius Dexter cos. in domo sua
exanimis inventus in locum P. Ostiensis Mace
donis defuncti M. Acilius Priscus Egrilius Plaria
nus p. c. pontif. Volkani et aedium sacrar. creatus est
106 860 Coss.

IIviri c. p. q.

L. Ceionius Commodus
Sex. Vettulenus Civica Cerialis
[M. Acilius Priscus Egriliu]s Plarianus p. c.
[...]us p. c.
[... caput] Decibali [...]
[... in sca]lis Gemoni[is ...]
[Imp. Nerva Trajanus Caes. A]ug. Germ. Dac[icus]
107 861 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

[L. Licinius Sura III]
[Q. Sosius S]enecio II
[L. Acilius] Rufu[s]
[C. Minicius Fundanus]
[C. Vette]nnius Seve[rus]
[C. Julius Longinus]
[C. Valeriu]s Paull[inus]
[...]us Honoratus
vii. K. Ju[n.? Imp.]
[Trajanus [... co]ngiarium ded[it ...]
[... Imp. Trajanus lusionem p]rimam muneris
[secundi edere coepit diebus ...] pp. CCCXXXII s.
[... lusionem secundam edere c]oepit diebus XII
[pp. ...]
108 862 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

[Ap. Annius Gallus]
[M. Atilius] Bradua
[P. Aelius Hadrianus]
[M. Treb]atius Priscus
Q. Pompe]ius F[alco]
A. Manlius Augustalis
C. Julius Proculus
[Imp. Trajanus lusionem tertiam? muneris]
secundi edere coepit quam consummavit iii. K. Apr.
diebus XIII pp. CCCXL pr. Non. Jun. Imp. Trajanus
munus secundum edere coepit
109 863 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

[A.] Cornelius Palma II
P. Calvisius Tullus
L. Annius Largus
Cn. Antonius Fuscus
C. Julius Philopappus
C. Aburnius Valens
C. Julius Proculus
M. Valerius Euphemianus
C. Valerius Justus
x. K. Jul. Imp. Nerva Trajanus Caes. Aug. Germ.
Dacicus thermas suas dedicavit et publicavit
viii. K. Jul. aquam suo nomine tota urbe
salientem dedicavit K. Nov. Imp. Trajanus
munus suum consummavit diebus CXVII
gladiatorum pp. XXXX DCCCCXLI s. iii. Id. Nov.
[I]mp. Trajanus naumachiam suam dedicavit
[in] qua dieb. VI pp. CXXVII s. et consumm. viii. K. Dec.
110 864 Coss.


[M. Peducaeu]s Priscinus
Ser. Scipio Orfitus
[C. Av]idius Nigrinus
Ti. Julius Aquila
[L.] Catilius Severus
C. Erucianus Silo
A. Larcius Priscus
Sex. Marcius Honoratus
P. Naevius Severus
D. Nonius Pompilianus
111 865 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

IIviri c. p. q.
[C. Cal]purnius Piso
M. Vettius Bolanus
T. Avidius Quietus
L. Eggius Marullus
L. Octavius Crassus
P. Coelius Apollinaris
C. Nasennius Marcellus III p. c.
[C.] Valerius Justus II
112 866 Coss.

Suf. Id. Jan.?
Suf. ...

[Imp. Nerva Trajanu]s Caes. Aug. Germ. Dac. VI
T. Sextius Africanus
[...] Licinius Ruso
[Cn. Cor]nelius Severus
Q. Valerius Vegetus
[P. Sterti]nius Quartus
T. Julius Maximus
[C. Clau]dius Severus
T. Settidius Firmus
[... L]ongus Grattianus Caninianus
[... F]adius Probianus
[K. Ja]nuar. Imp. Trajanus forum suum et
[bas]ilicam Ulpiam dedicavit iii. K. Febr. Imp.
[Tra]janus ludos commisit theatris tribus
[dieb]us xv. in is missilia triduo et K. Martis
[cir]censes [miss]us XXX qua die senatui et equestri
[ord]ini [epulum d]edit vii. K. Julias Imp. Trajanus
[...]iam edere coepit iiii. K. Septembr.
[Marciana Aug]usta excessit divaq. cognominata
[eodem die Mati]dia Augusta cognominata iii.
[Non. Sept. Mar]ciana Augusta funere censorio
[elata est ...]Imp. Trajanus reliqua paria
[...]ae edere coepit qui dies vindemi
[alis nominatus] xi. K. Sept. aedis Volkani vetustate corrupta
[restituta or]nato opera dedicata est.
113 867 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Sept.
[L. Publilius Celsus] II
C. Clodius Crispinus
[Ser.] Cornelius Dolabella
[L. Stertini]us Noricus
L. Fadius Rufinus
[Cn. Corneli]us Urbicus
T. Sempronius Rufus
[... M]aias consummata sportula III
[lusionibus] pp. MCCII iiii. Id. Mai. Imp. Trajanus
[templum Ve]neris in foro Caesaris et
[columna]m in foro suo dedicavit pr. Id. Mai.

Year 114 missing

115 869 Suf. ...
Suf. Kal. Sept.

[P.Afrani]us [Flavianus?]
[M. Pompeius Mac]rinu[s]
[T.] Vibius [Varus]
L. Furius Manlianus
Ti. Clau[dius ...]
[...]ida v. V. [...] K. Nov. noc[tu? ...]
[Id. Dec. terrae m]otus fuit [... K.] Jan. Umm[idia]
[Quadratilla] Q. Asini Mar[celli] consular[is ...]
K. Januar. incendium ortum in v[ico? ...]
et praedia complura deusta sun[t]
116 870 Coss.

[L. Lami]a Aelianus
Sex. Carminiu[s Vetus]
Ti. Julius Secundus
M. Egnatiu[s Marcellinus]
D. Terentius Gentianus
Q. Co[rnelius Annianus]
L. Statius Aquila
C. Juliu[s Berenicianus]
[i?]x. K. Mart. laureatae missae ad sen[atum ab Imp.]
Trajano Aug. ob q[u]am causam Par[thicus appell.]
[e]t pro salute eius s. c. f. et supp. [per omnia delu]
[b]ra et ludi facti V IIII pr. K. M[art. ... circ.]
miss. XXX pr. Non. Mai. epist[ulae missae ad senat.]
ab Imp. Trajano Aug. proc[edente]

Years 117 to 124 missing

125 879 [Imp. Caesar Trajanus Hadria]nus Aug. mu[nus edere]
[coepit gladi]ator. pp. [...]II xiiii. K. Maias composit[a sunt]
[II lusio]nibus et munere dier. XXXVIII gladiatoru[m pp.]
[...]XXVIII bestiae confectae n. II CCXLVI VII K. Junias
[Augustus p]r. lusione, muneris Veneri edere coepit pugnat.
[diebus ...]II pr. Non. Jun. lusionem secundam edere coep. pugnat.
[diebus ...]III gladiator. pp. CLXXXXV bestiae confectae n. CCCCXXXXIII
126 880 IIviri c. p. q.

[Imp. Caesar Trajanus Hadr]ianus Aug. II
[...]r p. c.
[A. Egrilius Plarianus?] pater
[Imp. Caesar Trajanus Hadri]anus Aug. munu[s]
[edidit ... t]emplum divoru[m]
[... dedicavit ob quam] causam in circo
[... munus editu]m et consumm[at.]
[... pp.] MDCCCXXXV
127 881 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Apr.

Suf. Kal. Mai.

Suf. Kal. Oct.

[T. Atilius Titianus]
[M. G]avius Sq[uilla G]allicanus
P. Tullius Varr[o]
[...] J[un]ius Paetus
Q. Tineius Rufus
[M.] Licinius Nepos
L. Aemilius Juncus
[Se]x. Julius Severus
M. Antistius Flavianus
L. Valeriu[s ...]
v. Non. Mart. Augustus profe[ct]us ad Italiam circum[circa ...] I[d.?]
Aug. reversus xiii. K. Nov. lud[i] votivi deceannale[s facti pro]
salute Aug. dieb. X xiii. K. Nov. in circo p. f. XXX
viiii. K. Febr. templum Sarapi quod [...] Caltilius P[...]
sua pecunia exstruxit dedicatum [es]t
128 882 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Febr.
Suf. Kal. Apr.

Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Oct.
L. Nonius Asprenas Torquatus II
[M. A]nn[ius Libo]
L. Caesennius Antoninus
M. Mettius Rufus
Q. [Pomponius Maternus]
L. Valerius Flaccus
M. [Junius Homullus?]
A. Egrilius Plarianus
Q. [...]
K. Jan. Imp. Caesar Trajanus Hadrianu[s Aug.]

Years 129 to 139 missing

140 894 Suf. Kal Jul.
Suf. Kal. Sept.
Suf. Kal. Nov.

M. [Barbius Aemilianus]
[T. Flavius Julianus]
A. Egril[ius ...]li[...]
[...]or [...]
v. K. Mart. Imp. Ant[oninus Aug. congiar.] de[dit LXXV eodem die Imp.]
Antoninus Au[g. familia? glad]iator[ia ...]
pp. CCXXVII s. vi. K. [Maias] statu[a Aur]eli Cae[saris ... dedicata est]
xvi. et xv. K. Jul. ludi [Taurei] qu[inque]nnal[es in circo Flaminio facti]
xiii. K. Nov. Antoni[nus Aug. tota sua] famili[a adsistente celebravit]
ieiunium Cereris x[... K. Nov. Fausti]na Aug[usta excessit eodem. die a]
senatu diva app[ellata et s. c. fact]um fun[ere censorio eam efferendam]
ludi et circenses [delati sunt ... I]dus N[ov. Faustina Augusta funere]
censorio elata e[st? statuae aureae atq. argenteae positae s. c.]
de puellis Fausti[nianis factum ... C. Bruttius Praesens praef. urbis]
vi. K. Mai. sta[tua M. Aurel]i Ca[esaris ...]
publice po[sita]
141 895 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Mart.
Suf. Kal. Mai.
Suf. Kal. Jul.
Suf. Kal. Nov.?

[T. H]oeni[us Severus]
[M. Peducaeus Priscinus]
[...]sian[us? ...]
[L. Annius] Fabianus
[...] Pharasman[es rex Iberorum ... cum filio]
[...]e et uxore Phr[... cui Imp. Antoninus Aug. regnum]
[amplius] reddidit v. K. Apr. [...]
[...]i. Non. Mai. diem [qua ...]
[...]vit gladiat[orum ...]
[v]ocitatae sunt [...]
[...]ea exornata [...]
[...]t dedicavit X[... K. Nov. ara et statuae Imp.]
[Antonio Aug. et d]ivae Faustinae [ob insignem eorum]
[diam in foro de]dicatae
142 896 Coss.

Suf. Kal. Apr.?
Suf. Kal. Jul.

Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.?
[L. Cuspius Pacumeius Rufus]
L. [Statius Quadratus]
[Granius?] Castus [...]
[M. Corneli]us Fronto
[L. Laberius Priscus]
[L. Tusidiu]s Campester
[Q. Cornelius Senecio Annianus]
[Sulpicius] Julianus

Years 143 and 144 missing

145 899 Suf. Kal. Sept.

Suf. Kal. Nov.

[L.] Petronius Sabinus
C. Vicriu[s Rufus]
C. Fadius Rufus
P. Vicrius [...]
P. Turranius Aemilianus fil.
L. Pomponius Pri[...]
[...]as Annia Faustina M. Aurellio Caesari nupsit [...]
[Imp. A]ntoninus Aug. congiar. dedit C iii. Id. Mai. dies promi[ssos]
[... ed]ere coepit vii. et vi. K. Jul. ludi Taurei quinquennales [facti]
[in] circo Flaminio xvii. K. Oct. de Cornelio Prisciano in sen. [jud.]
[cor]am factum quod provinciam Hispaniam hostiliter
146 900 Coss.

Suf. ... Mart.
Suf. ...

IIviri q. c. p.
[Sex. Eru]cius Clarus II
Cn. Claudius Seve[rus]
loco Clari Q. Licinius Modest[inus]
[P.] Mummius Sisenna
T. Prifernius Paet[us]
Cn. Terentius Junior
L. Aurelius Gall[us]
Q. Voconius Saxa
C. Annianus Ver[us]
L. Aemilius Longus
Q. Cornelius Procu[lus]
A. Egrilius Agricola p. p. c.
D. Nonius Pompilian. p. p. c.
[...] Mart. Erucius Clarus praef. urbis dece[ssit ...]m[...]
[M]ai[a]s agon quin[q. Jovis Capitolini commissus ...] Idus Jun.
[but]hysia fuit et circenses more a[go]nis iii. et pr. Id. Jun.
[gy]mnicum consummatum
[... P.? Au]fidius Fortis p. p. c. ob dedicatione statuarum argent. [Ho]noris et Virtutis ludos per triduum sua pec. edidit
147 901 Coss.


[C. Prastin]a Messalinus
L. Annius Largus
[A. C]laudius Charax
Q. Fuficius Cornutus
[...] Cupressenus Gallus
Cornelius Quadratus
[Se]x. Cocceius Severianus
Ti. Licinius Cassianus
[in lo]cum Cassiani C. Popilius Pedo
[L.] Plinius Nigrinus
P. Annius Annianus
[...] K. Febr. Imp. Antoninus Aug. pontem Agrippae dedic.
[...]x. K. April. aqua magna fuit pr. K. Dec. Aurelio Caesar.
[ex A]nnia Faustina filia nata est K. Decem. Aurelius Caesar
[trib] pot. iniit et Faustina Aug. cognominata est
148 902 Coss.

[L Octavi]us Salvius Julianus
C. Bellicius Torquatus
[...] Satyrius Firmus
C. Salvius Capito
[L.] Coelius Festus
P. Orfidius Senecio
[C.] Fabiu[s] Agrip[pin]us
M. Ant[o]nius Zeno

Year 149 missing

150? 904? IIviri [...]us
L. [...]
[...] K. Jun. [...]
[... Ju]n. ludi Taur[ei quinquennales in circo]
[Flaminio fa]cti vii. K. Oct. i[eiunium Cereris? celeb.]
[... i]n senatu [...]
151 905 IIviri [...]I
C. Mamilius Martia[lis]
[...] xi. Ka[l. J]un. cong. dedit [...]
[... Sa]riolenus Junianus Labe[rius]
[Priscus ...] deportati sunt
152 906 Coss.


[M'. Acilius Glabrio]
[M. Va]lerius Homullu[s]
[L. Claudius Modestus]
[L.] Dasumius Tus[cus]
[C. Novius Priscus]
[L.] Julius Romu[lus]
[P. Cluvius Maximus]
M. Servilius Sila[nus]
M. Julius Sever[us]
[... Cornificia soro]r M. Aureli Caes. excessi[t]
[... ex An]nia Faustinus filius n[atus]
[... Imp. Antoninus] Aug. pontem Cesti
[vestutate collapsum? r]estituit
[...]us ob dedicationem basili[cae]
[... quam pec]unia sua extruxit famili[a]
[glad. munus venatio]ne legitima edidit in qua [...]
[... fu?]erunt duo praeterea statu[as]
[dedic. Genii et Fort. po]puli Ostiensis quas pos. s. p. in [foro]
[ex v. s. ...]i pr. K. Junias Juliano et Torq[uato cos.]
153 907 Coss.


[C. Bruttius Praesens]
A. Junius Rufinu[s]
[Sex. Caecilius? Max]imus
M. Pontius Sabin[us]
[P. Septumius Ape]r
M. Sedatius Severian[us]
[... Gal]lus
C. Catius Marcel[lus]
[...] Fortis
L. [...]
[...]i Aug. quod appellatu[r]
[ful]mini ictum [...]
154 908 Coss.

[L. Aurelius Commod]us
T. Sextius [Lateranus]
[...] Paetus
M. N[onius Macrinus]
[M. Valerius Etrus]cus
L. [Aemilius Juncus]
[Ti. Claudius Julia]nus
Sex. [Calpurnius Agricola]
[... C. Julius Severus]
[T.] Jun[ius Severus]

Years 155 to 157 missing

158 912 Coss.

[Sex. Pedius Hirr]utus
L. Ju[nius ...]
[... in loc]um Pedi Hirruti [...]
[... P]roclianus
D. [...]
[... Imp. ...]us Aug. congiar[ium dedit ...]
[...] cum quinque [...]

Year 159 missing

160 914 Coss.

[Ap. Annius Atilius Bradua]
[T. Clo]dius Vibius Varus
[... Postu]mius Festus
[... in locum? ... C. Septimius S]everus
[M. C]ensorius Paulus
[... Nin]nius Hastianus
[... N]ovius Sabinius
[... jejunium Cere]alis qq. celebra
[tum est ...]
[... Q. Lollius Urbicus praef. u]rb. excess[it]

Years 161 to 163 missing

164 918 [... v]ocitatae sunt [...]
[...]ea exornata [...]
[...]t dedicavit x[... K. Nov. ...]
[statuae? ... d]ivae Faustinae [...]
[... de]dicatae
165 919 Coss.

[M. Gavius Orfitus]
L. [Arrius Pudens]
[...] Castus [...]
[M. Claudi]us Fronto [...]
[... Tusidiu]s Campester [...]
[...] Julianus [...]
[... lud]us magnus incend[io comsumptus ...]
[... munus ...]e commissum x. K. Ma[...]
[...]ov IAI[...]
[...] est
[...] Non. M[art. ...]
[...] April. [...]
[...]s pr[...]
[... Au]gu[stus]

Years 166 to 173 missing

174 928 IIviri [...]
[... muneris] sui
[... ed]ere coep.
175 929 Coss.


[L. Calpurnius Piso]
[C. Salvius Jul]ianus
[...] filio
[... Imp. M. Antoninus] Augustus
[... congiarum dedit CX]X dilato
[...] muneris
[... pp.] II DCCLVII
[...] di[...]
repetit [...]
consum[mat ...]
gregar[iorum ...]
profec[t ... quinquen]
nale [...]


  1. ^ Petersen & Wachtel, p. 134
  2. ^ Vidman, Fasti Ostienses, p. 154.
  3. ^ a b Bruun, "Civic Rituals in Imperial Ostia", p. 134.
  4. ^ a b Brehmer, "Fasti Ostienses".
  5. ^ a b Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, p. 662 ("Fasti").
  6. ^ Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2nd Ed., pp. 429, 430 ("Fasti").
  7. ^ a b Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2nd Ed., pp. 760–762 ("Ostia").
  8. ^ a b Bruun, "Civic Rituals in Imperial Ostia", p. 135.
  9. ^ Bruun, "Civic Rituals in Imperial Ostia", p. 136.
  10. ^ Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2nd Ed., p. 286 ("Consul").
  11. ^ a b Bruun, "Civic Rituals in Imperial Ostia", pp. 134–135.
  12. ^ CIL XIV, 244, 245, 4531–4546, 5354, 5355.


External links

Image credits

See also

Aburia gens

The gens Aburia was a plebeian family at Rome during the latter centuries of the Republic, and the first century of the Empire. The first member of this gens to achieve prominence was Marcus Aburius, praetor peregrinus in 176 BC.

Gaius Manlius Valens

Gaius Manlius Valens (AD 6 - 96) was a Roman senator of the late first century AD. He was selected as consul ordinarius in his ninetieth year, serving with Gaius Antistius Vetus in AD 96.The primary sources differ over Manlius Valens' praenomen. A number of inscriptions state it is "Titus", such as CIL VI, 17707; however both Cassius Dio and the Fasti Ostienses state it is "Gaius".

Aged 45 or 46, Valens was already older than the average legatus commanding a legion in Roman Britain when the governor Publius Ostorius Scapula died. The identity of the legion is not definitely known: although Legio II Augusta has been proposed, Anthony Birley believes Legio XX Valeria Victrix is more likely. Although emperor Claudius quickly selected a replacement for Scapula, Aulus Didius Gallus, between Scapula's death and the arrival of a new governor the Silurians had defeated the legion under Valens' command.The defeat in Britain likely set back his career, for Manlius Valens does not appear in the historical record until towards the end of the reign of Nero, when he became legate of the newly formed Legio I Italica at Lugdunum; this fact caused Birley to comment that "at sixty-two or sixty-three he is by far the oldest known legionary legate." During the Year of the Four Emperors, Valens and the legion sided with Lucius Vitellius; however, this did not gain him any favor from Vitellius due to Fabius Valens defaming him behind his back. Since Legio I Italica was present at the two battles of Bedriacum, it is likely Valens was also a participant in one or both battles. However, with the success of Vespasian, Valens retired from public life.

Why Domitian selected him, a general of an enemy of his father, as eponymous consul almost 30 years later, Birley confesses is a mystery. Manlius Valens died the same year he was consul.

Gaius Vibius Rufus

Gaius Vibius Rufus was a Roman senator and orator, who flourished during the Principate. He was suffect consul in the second half of AD 16 with Gaius Pomponius Graecinus as his colleague. The first of his family to achieve consular rank, Rufus was a homo novus, one of ten in the first five years of the reign of Tiberius.Ronald Syme notes both inscriptions which attest to his consulate misrepresent his name. In the Fasti Antiates Minores, his name appears as "C.Vibius Libo". Syme explains the person who carved this inscription accidentally repeated "Libo" from the name on the line above: L. Scribonius Libo. The second is in the Fasti Ostienses, where he is presented as "[C. Vibius] Rufinus"; in this case, the engraver was distracted by the name on the next line, "C. Pomponius Graecinus."

List of Roman consuls

This is a list of consuls known to have held office, from the beginning of the Roman Republic to the latest use of the title in Imperial times, together with those magistrates of the Republic who were appointed in place of consuls, or who superseded consular authority for a limited period.

List of ancient Roman fasti

Ancient Roman fasti were calendars (fasti) that recorded religious observances and officially commemorated events. They were typically displayed in the form of an inscription at a prominent public location such as a major temple; several of these fasti survive, but in states of varying fragmentation. Some calendars are preserved as papyri or manuscripts.

One of the original purposes of Roman calendars was to mark the religious and legal status of each day, by means of letters such as C, F, and NP. By the late 2nd century AD, extant calendars no longer show days marked with these letters, probably in part as a result of calendar reforms undertaken by Marcus Aurelius. A feriale is a listing only of dates for religious or official observances, not a day-by-day accounting of time. The words fasti and feriale are not always distinct in usage, and both fasti and ferialia are listed below.

Extant fasti include those known by the following names:

Fasti Allifani

Fasti Amiternini, dating to the reign of Tiberius, were found at Amiternum (now San Vittorino) in Sabine territory.

Fasti Antiates Maiores (84–55 BC), from the colonia of Antium, is the earliest Roman calendar to survive; its large size (1.16m by 2.5 m) allowed the presentation of complex condensed information.

Feriale Cumanum (4–14 AD), from Cumae, was produced during the reign of Augustus and marks several occasions of relevance to the establishment of Imperial cult. These include a supplication for Jupiter Sempiternus to commemorate the assumption of the fasces by Augustus, sacrifices on the birthday of Augustus, and the date on which he assumed the toga virilis. It is one of only two ancient sources that record the first consulship of Augustus (disputed as August 19 or September 22), the other being the senatus consultum that renamed the month of Sextilis Augustus (August). The goddess Vesta is prominent in this feriale.

Feriale Duranum, a calendar of religious observances for a military unit stationed in Dura-Europos, Roman Syria in the 3rd century AD.

Fasti Esquilini

Fasti Guidizzolenses, a small stone calendar (55 by 30 cm) probably produced for private use, found in Augusta Brixia (present-day Brescia), a civic colony (colonia civica). It is arranged month-by-month in columns, with the Kalends, Nones and Ides marked. These columns contain no letters marking the nundinal cycle or the status of days under religious law, nor holidays. Information on festivals is given in a small feriale (festival calendar) on the right side of the main calendar.

Fasti Maffeiani, both one of the smallest examples (90 by 70 cm) and one of the most complete. Its date is uncertain; Mario Torelli places it as 8 AD or later.

Fasti Ostienses, fragmentary marble slabs from Ostia Antica. In addition to religious observances, they record events from 49 BC to 175 AD, listing the consuls for each year, events of significance to the Empire as a whole, the local duoviri, and some local events.

Fasti Praenestini, with antiquarian commentary on the Roman calendar by Verrius Flaccus. It lacks astronomical notices.

Fasti Vallenses

Fasti Vaticani, dating 15–31 AD, under the reign of Tiberius.

Fasti Venusini

Fasti Verulani

Fasti Vindobonenses, found in the Vindobonensis manuscript (MS. 3416), together with the Chronography of 354. There are two sets, one covering 44 BC to 403 AD, and 455 to 493 AD; and the other 44 BC to 397 AD, 439 to 455 AD, and 495 to 539.

Lucius Licinius Sura

Lucius Licinius Sura was an influential Roman Senator from Tarraco, Hispania, a close friend of the Emperor Trajan and three times consul, in a period when three consulates were very rare for non-members of the Imperial family, in 102 and 107 as a consul ordinarius. Fausto Zevi postulated that he was also suffect consul in 97, based in a plausible restoration of part of the Fasti Ostienses, which reads "..]us". However, two more recently recovered fragments of military diplomas show that the name of this consul is L. Pomponius Maternus, who is otherwise unknown. Most authorities have returned to endorsing C.P. Jones' surmise that Sura was consul for the first time as a suffect consul in the year 93.

Lucius Vibius Sabinus

Lucius Vibius Sabinus was a Roman Senator who lived in the 1st century. His daughter Vibia Sabina married the emperor Hadrian.

Little is known about his family, but Sabinus came from a family of consular rank. He may have been related to Lucius Junius Quintus Vibius Crispus, three times consul, and his brother Quintus Vibius Secundus, consul in 86.

Sabinus became the second husband of Trajan's niece Salonina Matidia; he and Matidia had a daughter, Vibia Sabina (83-136/137). Sabinus may have died soon after his daughter's birth, for in his funeral speech for Matidia, the emperor Hadrian alludes to her long widowhood. Vibia Sabina married her distant maternal cousin and Trajan's heir, the future emperor Hadrian sometime before the year 101.Ronald Syme has argued that a pair of fragmentary inscriptions from Asisium refer to Sabinus; If correct, this would mean he was a member of the septemviri epulonum, one of the four most prestigious ancient Roman priesthoods. Syme has also argued that, based on a reading preserved in later copies of the Fasti Consulares indicating that Sabinus and Arrius Antoninus were consular colleagues, which means he was suffect consul in the year 97—a reading Theodor Mommsen had judged as unreliable. Anthony Birley accepted Syme's argument. In his own study on the suffect consuls of the year 97, Fausto Zevi rejected Syme's argument on several grounds, and argued that "Sabinus" in the later fasti was a corruption for "Piso"—Calpurnius Piso, the name which this portion of the Fasti Ostienses supports. Zevi also dismisses the identification of Sabinus with the inscriptions from Asisium as based on insufficient information.Based on an inscription that preserves Hadrian's funeral oration on his dead wife Matidia, Sabinus had died no later than the year 98.

Marcus Junius Mettius Rufus

Marcus Junius Mettius Rufus was a Roman senator, who was active during the reign of Hadrian. He was suffect consul in the nundinium of April-June 128 with Quintus Pomponius Maternus as his colleague. In the Fasti Ostienses he is called Marcus Mettius Rufus.

Hans-Georg Pflaum identified him as the son of Gaius Trebonius Proculus Mettius Modestus. In his monograph on polyonymous names of the first centuries of the Roman Empire, Olli Salomies notes that it "has been suggested that he was a Mettius adopted by M. Iunius Rufus, prefect of Egypt in the nineties", but noting that the cognomen "Rufus" goes with the nomen "Mettius", "there need not be a connection between the prefect and the consul."

Marcus Ulpius Traianus the Elder

Marcus Ulpius Traianus Maior (c. 29 AD – before 98 AD; Latin: Maior, "the elder") was a Roman senator who lived in the 1st century. He was father to the Roman Emperor Trajan.

Ninnia (gens)

The gens Ninnia was a plebeian family at Rome. Members of this gens are first mentioned at Capua during the Second Punic War, and are found at Rome towards the end of the Republic. Several Ninnii held the consulship under the Flavian and Antonine emperors.

Pharasmanes II of Iberia

Pharasmanes II the Valiant or the Brave (Georgian: ფარსმან II ქველი) was a king of Iberia (Kartli) from the Pharnavazid dynasty, contemporary of the Roman emperor Hadrian (r. 117–138). Professor Cyril Toumanoff suggests AD 116–132 as the years of Pharasmanes’ reign. He features in several Classical accounts.

Pomponius Mamilianus

Pomponius Mamilianus was a Roman senator who held several offices in the service of the emperor. He was appointed suffect consul in the nundinium May-June 100 as the colleague of Lucius Herennius Saturninus. He is known through surviving inscriptions, and was a correspondent of Pliny the Younger.

His full name is Pomponius T.f. Gal. Mamilianus Rufus Antistianus Funisulanus Vettonianus, as attested in an inscription recovered at Deva. The sources conflict over his praenomen, however. The Fasti Ostienses show it to be "Lucius"; a military diploma shows it to be "Titus"; and the British inscription mentioned above is damaged at that point, and cannot be used to resolve the matter. As for the final element in his name, "Funisulanus Vettonianus", authorities agree it indicates some connection to the general and suffect consul of 78 Lucius Funisulanus Vettonianus, but disagree what connection he has. Some have argued that this is evidence of a Pomponius being adopted by testament by the older Funisulanus Vettonianus, while others have argued it is a son or nephew of the older Vettonianus being adopted by a Pomponius. Olli Salomies concurs with Ronald Syme, and interprets this name as evidence Mamilianus' father or grandfather married a Funisulana, that is a female relative of the older Funisulanus Vettonianus.

Publius Vitellius the Elder

Publius Vitellius, grandfather of the emperor Vitellius, was a Roman eques who lived during the time of Augustus. He was a procurator in the time of Augustus.

Quintus Glitius Atilius Agricola

Quintus Glitius Atilius Agricola was a Roman senator and general who held several posts in the emperor's service. He was twice suffect consul: for the first time in AD 97 with Lucius Pomponius Sura as his colleague, and the second time in 103 when he replaced the emperor Trajan. He is the last known person to have held two suffect consulates. Agricola is known only through a large number of fragmentary inscriptions from Augusta Taurinorum, which appears to be his home town.

His full name, father's praenomen (Publius) and tribe (Stellatina) are known from these inscriptions. It is often assumed that Agricola was the son or grandson of the equestrian officer Glitius Barbarus, who is attested as living in 48 or 49, but Olli Salomies notes that his father's praenomen is attested as Publius, then argues that it makes better sense to assume that his name at birth was Atilius Agricola and he was afterwards adopted by a Q. Glitius.

Sariolena gens

The gens Sariolena was an obscure plebeian family at ancient Rome. They were of senatorial rank, and Lucius Sariolenus Naevius Fastus obtained the consulship in the time of Antoninus Pius.

Taurian Games

The Taurian Games (Latin Ludi Taurii or Ludi Taurei, rarely Taurilia) were games (ludi) held in ancient Rome in honor of the di inferi, the gods of the underworld. They were not part of a regularly scheduled religious festival on the calendar, but were held as expiatory rites religionis causa, occasioned by religious concerns.Ludi Taurii are recorded in 186 BC as a two-day event. Varro mentions them as occurring in the late Republic. During the reign of Antoninus Pius, they were held every five years from 140 to 160 AD, within a period beginning on the day after the Ides of May and continuing through the Kalends of June. Some scholars extrapolate that like the lustrum (purification ritual), the Ludi Taurii were regularly quinquennial. Others caution that the five-year schedule under Antoninus Pius, attested by the Fasti Ostienses, is never mentioned in other sources. The limited evidence suggests the Ludi Taurii were important mainly in the context of religious revivalism during the Augustan and Antonine eras.The Taurian Games were horse races, or less likely chariot races, on a course around turning posts (metae). In the 19th century, they were sometimes confused with the archaic Tarentine Games (ludi tarentini), which were replaced by the Saecular Games. Horse racing along with the propitiation of underworld gods was characteristic of "old and obscure" Roman festivals such as the Consualia, the October Horse, and sites in the Campus Martius such as the Tarentum (where the ludi tarentini originated) and the Trigarium. The Ludi Taurii were the only games held in the Circus Flaminius.If the games are Etruscan in origin, as Festus and Servius claim, taurii probably comes from the Etruscan word tauru, "tomb." The design of the turning posts (metae) on a Roman race course was derived from Etruscan funerary monuments. Festus, however, offers an etiology based on Latin taurus, "bull."

Tiberius Julius Candidus Marius Celsus

Tiberius Julius Candidus Marius Celsus was a Roman senator who lived during the Flavian dynasty. Contemporary sources, such as the Fasti Ostienses, the Acta Arvalia and a letter of Pliny the Younger (Ep. V.20.5), refer to him as Tiberius Julius Candidus. He was twice consul.

Ronald Syme argues that Candidus, although said to be from Narbonensis, was in fact from Asia Minor, and the "Tiberius Julius" portion of his name suggests that an ancestor acquired Roman citizenship between AD 4 and 37. "Thus a co-eval of Candidus: Ti. Julius Celsus Polemnus of Sardis, consul suffect in 92." The remainder of Candidus' name, "Marius Celsus", Syme explains as evidence that either he was born as Marius Celsus and adopted by a Julius Candidus, or born a Julius Candidus whose father married into the family of the Marii Celsi; Syme appears to favor the latter explanation. Olli Salomies sets forth the evidence in his monograph on Roman naming practices, but provides no interpretation beyond stating that "it is obvious that Iulius Candidus had something to do with A. Marius Celsus, cos. suff. in 69".The first record of Candidus is as a member of the Arval Brethren, which he may have been made a member in AD 72, or as late as 75, and appears at each ceremony until 81. From his absence from the activities of the Arval Brethren starting in January and May 86, Syme speculates Candidus was in the company of the Emperor Domitian during his military campaigns. Later that year, in the nundinium of May-August he served as suffect consul as the colleague of Sextus Octavius Fronto. Three years later, Candidus was selected to be governor of the important province of Cappadocia-Galatia and completed his term in 92. More recently Peter Weiß has published a military diploma which attests to Candidus' appointment as governor of an undetermined province (most likely one of the Germanies or Dacias) at some point between July 96 and the beginning of January 97. He was appointed consul a second time in 105, as ordinary consul with Gaius Antius Aulus Julius Quadratus, who also enjoyed a second consulship.Candidus lived many years after his second consulship. He is mentioned as present in the Acta Arvalia in AD 110 and 111; another inscription attests he was a flamen for the Brethren in 118.

Ulpia (gens)

The gens Ulpia was a Roman family that rose to prominence during the first century AD. The gens is best known from the emperor Marcus Ulpius Trajanus, who reigned from AD 98 to 117. The Thirtieth Legion took its name, Ulpia, in his honor.

Visellia (gens)

The gens Visellia was a family at Rome during the late Republic and early Empire. Two members of this gens achieved the consulship during the first century.

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