Farquhar Group

The Farquhar Group belong to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the southwest of the island nation, more than 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Farquhar Group
Farquhar Group
Farquhar Group:
Providence Atoll at the top, St. Pierre Island to the left and the Farquhar Atoll at the bottom
Farquhar Group is located in Seychelles
Farquhar Group
Farquhar Group
Location of the Farquhar Group in Seychelles
Geography
LocationIndian Ocean
Coordinates10°10′S 51°10′E / 10.167°S 51.167°ECoordinates: 10°10′S 51°10′E / 10.167°S 51.167°E
ArchipelagoSeychelles
Area13.567 km2 (5.238 sq mi)
Administration
Seychelles
GrwpOuter Islands
Sub-GroupFarquhar Group
DistrictsOuter Islands District
Largest settlementGrande Poste (pop. 20)
Demographics
Population20 (2016)
Pop. density1.56 /km2 (4.04 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsCreole, French, East Africans, Indians.
Additional information
Time zone
ISO codeSC-26
Official websitewww.seychelles.travel/en/discover/the-islands/outer-islands

Area

The total land area of all islands in the group is less than 12.837 km2 (4.956 sq mi), but the total area of the atolls measures about 370 km2 (140 sq mi).

The group consists of two atolls and one separate island. In addition, there are a couple of submerged reefs in the area:

  1. Farquhar Atoll (with two larger and about eight smaller islets)
  2. Providence Atoll (with 2 islets, Providence Island and Cerf Island)
  3. St. Pierre Island
  4. Wizard Reef
  5. Umzinto Bank (submerged)
  6. Bulldog Bank (submerged)
  7. McLeod Bank (submerged)

Population

There is one settlement, located on Île du Nord (North Island) of Farquhar Atoll. There is an abandoned village on Providence Island of Providence Atoll. There are records of Maldivian mariner presence in the group from the 20th century, when a trading vessel from southern Maldives lost its course and reached Providence Atoll.[1]

Biology

The oonopid monotypic spider species Farqua quadrimaculata is the only known spider that is endemic to the Farquhar Islands.[2]

References

  1. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5
  2. ^ Saaristo 2001
  • Saaristo, M. I. (2001). Dwarf hunting spiders or Oonopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Seychelles. Insect Syst. Evol. 32: 307-358.
Aldabra Group

The Aldabra Group are part of the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the southwest of the island nation, 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) from the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Alphonse Atoll

Alphonse Atoll is one of two atolls of the Alphonse Group, the other being St. François Atoll — both in the Outer Islands (Coralline Seychelles) coral archipelago of the Seychelles.

Alphonse Group

The Alphonse Group belong to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the southwest of the island nation, 403 kilometres (250 miles) southwest the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island. The closest island is Desnœufs Island of the Amirante Islands, 87 km (54 mi) further north.

Coëtivy Island

Coëtivy Island is a small coral island in the Seychelles 290 km (180 mi) south of Mahé, at 07°08′S 56°16′E.

Along with Île Platte, the nearest neighbor 171 km (106 mi) northwest, it comprises the Southern Coral Group and therefore belongs to the Outer Islands.

Cyclone Fantala

Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Fantala was the most intense tropical cyclone of the South-West Indian Ocean in terms of sustained winds. Part of the 2015–16 cyclone season, Fantala formed on 11 April to the south of Diego Garcia, an island in the central Indian Ocean. With a ridge to the south, the storm moved westward for several days while gaining strength, aided by warm waters and decreasing wind shear. Late on 17 April, the Météo-France office on Réunion (MFR) estimated peak 10-minute winds of 250 km/h (155 mph), making Fantala the strongest tropical cyclone of the basin in terms of 10-minute sustained winds. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) estimated peak 1-minute winds of 285 km/h (180 mph), equivalent to Category 5 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson scale and the strongest on record in the South-West Indian Ocean, in terms of sustained wind speed.

While near peak intensity, Fantala passed near the Farquhar Group of the Seychelles, damaging most of the buildings in the small archipelago. By 18 April, Fantala had weakened to an intense tropical cyclone and slowed its forward motion, eventually reversing its direction of movement. After fluctuating in strength, the disorganized system reversed direction again, making its closest approach to Madagascar. Fantala degenerated into a remnant low on 24 April, and the remnants continued toward Tanzania. There, heavy rainfall resulted in flooding that washed away roads and houses, killing 13 people. Rains extended further into Kenya, with similar effects.

D'Arros Island

D'Arros Island is part of the Amirante Islands group, which are in the Outer Islands (Coralline Seychelles) coral archipelago of the Seychelles islands and nation. The island is located west of the granitic Inner Seychelles archipelago, with a distance of 255 km south of Victoria, Seychelles.

Desnoeufs Island

Desnœufs Island is an island in Seychelles, lying at the southern edge of the Amirantes group, in the Outer Islands, with a distance of 321 km south of Victoria, Seychelles.

Desroches Island

Desroches Island or Île Desroches is the main island of the Amirante Islands, part of the Outer Islands of the Seychelles.

It is located 227 km southwest of Victoria, Seychelles. It is 5.5 km long and has a land area of 4.027 km2. Along its circumference of 13 km is a beach of fine sand. Conservation on the island is managed by Island Conservation Society.

Farqua

Farqua is a genus of spiders in the Oonopidae family. It was first described in 2001 by Saaristo. As of 2017, it contains only one species, Farqua quadrimaculata, from the Farquhar Group islands of the Seychelles.

Farquhar Airport

Farquhar Airport (ICAO: FSFA) is an airport serving Farquhar Atoll, part of the Farquhar Group of islands in the Outer Islands of the Seychelles.

The atoll comprises several islands; the airstrip is on Île du Nord (North Island). The runway length includes a 130 metres (430 ft) displaced threshold on Runway 31.

Farquhar Atoll

The Farquhar Atoll is part of the Farquhar Group of islands in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands. It is located 770 kilometres (478 miles) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Geography of Seychelles

The Seychelles is a small island nation located in the Somali sea northeast of Madagascar and about 835 mi (1,344 km) from Mogadishu, Somalia, its nearest foreign mainland city, while Antsiranana is the nearest foreign city overall. Seychelles lies between approximately 4ºS and 10ºS and 46ºE and 54ºE. The nation is an archipelago of 115 tropical islands, some granite and some coral. the majority of which are small and uninhabited. The landmass is only 459 km2, but the islands are spread over an Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,374,000 km2. About 90 percent of the population of 90,000 live on Mahé, 9 percent on Praslin and La Digue. Around a third of the land area is the island of Mahé and a further third the atoll of Aldabra.

There are two distinct regions, the granitic islands, the world's only oceanic islands of granitic rock and the coralline outer islands. The granite islands are the world’s oldest ocean islands, while the outer islands are mainly very young, though the Aldabra group and St Pierre (Farquhar Group) are unusual, raised coral islands that have emerged and submerged several times during their long history, the most recent submergence dating from about 125,000 years ago

Providence Atoll

The Providence Atoll is part of the Farquhar Group of islands in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands, with a distance of 705 km (438 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Southern Coral Group

Southern Coral Group is a collective term for two islands of Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the south of the island nation, between 135 and 300 kilometers south of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

St. François Atoll

St. François Atoll is one of two atolls of the Alphonse Group in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands.

St. Pierre Island

St. Pierre Island is a raised reef island west of Providence Atoll and part of Farquhar Group, which belongs to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles.

It has a distance of 736 km (457 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Wizard Reef

Wizard Reef (French: Récif Wizard) is a coral reef in the Farquhar Group in the Outer Islands of the Seychelles.

It has a distance of 670 km (420 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Île Platte

Platte Island or Île Platte is part of the Southern Coral Group of islands in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands.

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