Faridkot, Punjab

Faridkot is a city in the state of Punjab, India. It is the headquarters of the Faridkot district. The Faridkot District was a part of the erstwhile Ferozepur Division but in the year 1996, Faridkot Division was established with a Divisional headquarter at Faridkot which includes Faridkot, Bathinda and Mansa districts.

Faridkot
Faridkot is located in Punjab
Faridkot
Faridkot
Faridkot is located in India
Faridkot
Faridkot
Coordinates: 30°40′N 74°46′E / 30.67°N 74.76°ECoordinates: 30°40′N 74°46′E / 30.67°N 74.76°E
CountryIndia
StatePunjab
DistrictFaridkot
Founded byRaja Mokalsi
Named forBaba Farid
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • Deputy Commissioner Rajiv Prashar IAS
Area
 • Total18.14 km2 (7.00 sq mi)
Elevation
196 m (643 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total87,695
Demonym(s)Faridkotian, Faridkotiya
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
151203
Telephone code+91-1639
Vehicle registrationPB-04
Sex ratio1000/890 /
Literacy72%
Websitewww.faridkot.nic.in

Etymology

The city is named in the honor of Baba Farid, a revered 13th century Sufi saint whose shrine is located in Pakpattan, Pakistan. The town of Faridkot was founded during this century as Mokalhar by Raja Mokalsi, the grandson of Rai Munj, a Bhatti Chief of Bhatnair, Rajasthan. According to a popular folklore, the Raja renamed Mokalhar to Faridkot after Baba Farid paid a visit to the town. It remained the capital during the reign of Mokalsi's son Jairsi and Wairsi.

History

Prior to independence, a large part of the district was under the Jat sikh rule of the Maharaja of Faridkot and later it became a part of the Patiala & East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) in 1948. Faridkot was carved out as a separate district on 7 August 1972 out of the areas of erstwhile Bathinda District (Faridkot Tehsil) and Ferozepur District (Moga and Muktsar Tehsils). Further, in November 1995 the Faridkot District was trifurcated when two of its sub divisions viz. Muktsar and Moga were given the status of independent districts.

Government body

The Municipal Council Faridkot came into existence in the year 1948 and now has a Class -I status. Uma Grover is the current President of the council and Kushaldeep Singh Dhillon of Indian National Congress is the member of Legislative Assembly from the town elected in 2017.

Geography

The average elevation is 196 metres (643 ft). The town is located on the Punjab Plains, which in a macro regional context forms a part of greater Satluj Ganga plain. It is a low-lying flat area. The surface of the district is depositional plain which was formed by alleviation by the rivers flowing in these plains. Sirhind Feeder and Indira Gandhi Canal pass through the district. The topography of the district is plain, with only 1.4% of its area under forest cover.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[1] Faridkot had a population of 618,008 which constitute about 2% of the total population of Punjab. Males constitute 327,121 of the population and females 290,887.The population density in this district is 424 persons per km2. Faridkot has an average literacy rate of 70.6%: male literacy is 75.9%, and female literacy is 64.8%.

Climate

The climate of the Faridkot is mostly dry, characterized by a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The cold season is from November to March. it is followed by the summer season which lasts up to the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the southwest monsoon season. The later half of September and October is the post-monsoon or transition period. The temperature increases rapidly beginning with the end of March till June, which is the hottest month, with the mean daily minimum temperature about 41 °C and the mean daily minimum about 26.5 °C. The temperature is intensively hot during this period. The maximum temperature can go beyond 47 °C on some days. With the onset of the monsoon by the end of June or early July, there is an appreciable drop in the day temperature. After October, both the day and night temperatures decrease rapidly till January which is the coldest month. The mean daily maximum temperature in January is about 20 °C and the mean daily minimum about 4.5 °C.

The average annual rainfall in the district is 433mm; about 71 percent of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the monsoon months July to September. Some rainfall occurs during the pre-monsoon months, mostly in the form of thundershowers. Weather is moderately cloudy during the monsoon season. During the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear. Wind speed is normally slow and flows in north to northwest, some times in southeast direction, throughout the year.

Festival (Aagman Purab)

Every year, a festival is held to commemorate the arrival of Baba Farid in Faridkot. The festival is held for 3 days every year from 21 September - 23 September. On 23 September, a grand parade departs from Tilla Baba Farid (Sikh Temple) and reaches Godari Sahib (Sikh Temple).

Religious Places

  • Gurudwara Tilla (Chilla) Baba Farid

This Gurudwara is as old as the town itself. It is situated near Qilla Mubarak (Royal Fort). Baba Farid remained at this place in meditation for 40 days before proceeding to Pakpattan. A sacred piece of wood with which Sheikh Baba Farid wiped his hands littered with mud has been preserved in this temple. Shabad-Kirtan (Sikh hymns) are recited daily and Langer (large communal meal in Sikhism) is also served every day to the people visiting the temple.

  • Gurdwara Godari Sahib

This place is situated on the outskirts about 4 km on Faridkot-Kotkapura road. It is believed that Baba Sheikh Farid left his godari (jacket) there before entering Faridkot town. A gurdwara had been constructed in 1982 and a sarover (pond) was later constructed at this place.

Education

The city houses Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, which is the premier medical university of Punjab. Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital was established in the year 1973. Dasmesh Institute of Research & Dental Sciences is another medical school in the city. Government Brajindra College was set-up in 1942 by the Faridkot Royalty. Dasmesh Public School ,Faridkot, Baba Farid Public School, St. Mary's Convent School, Mount Litera Zee School, Dashmesh Global School, Baba Farid Law College, Delhi International School, Balbir School and Dr. Mohinder Brar Sambhi Government Girls Sr. Sec. School are prominent schools in the town besides several other educational institutes. Kendriya Vidyalaya is also located in the town.

There are 96 private English language schools in the city.[2]

Hospitals

  • Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faidkot
  • Sant Baba Karnail Dass Medical Charitable Hospital, Vivek Ashram
  • Dasmesh Institute of Research & Dental Sciences, Faridkot
  • Civil Hospital, Faridkot
  • Balbir Hospital

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. ^ Salopek, Paul (July 12, 2018). "Walking Through a Youthful Exodus in India". National Geographic Society. Faridcot has a battered three-star hotel called the Trump Plaza and 96 private English language schools.

External links

Akashaditya Lama

Akashaditya lama (born 9 March) is an Indian film director and scriptwriter based in Bollywood. Born in Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand) and brought up in Kolkata (West Bengal) Bhilai (Chhattisgarh) Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) and Faridkot (Punjab). Lama got his diploma in Mechanical Engineering in 1996–97. He got his first break in the business of films and television in 1998 by assisting in Ad films Pillsbury Wheat Flour, Camelin and more. He has been an assistant director, screenplay writer, dialogue writer, theatre artist, playwright, script writer and now has directed his first feature film, Cigarette Ki Tarah, starring actors Prashant Narayanan and Yuvika Chaudhary.

Baba Farid University of Health Sciences

Baba Farid University of Health Sciences was established in July 1998 by Punjab Act No. 18. It is named after Baba Farid, a 12th-century Punjabi sufi, and headquartered in Faridkot.

Beant Singh (assassin)

Beant Singh (6 January 1959 – 31 October 1984), born in Jaitu in the Faridkot, Punjab, was an assassin who served as a bodyguard of Indira Gandhi, one of two who took part in her assassination in 1984. He was shot dead by the Prime Minister's other bodyguards afterward.

Dasmesh Public School, Faridkot

Dasmesh Public School (or DPS), Faridkot, is a school in the state of Punjab, India.

Dasmesh Public School is a co-educational private secondary school, situated at Talwandi road, Faridkot. The school uses English as the medium for instruction. The school is spread in more than 60 acres of land, with huge playgrounds for several sports like football, cricket, handball, tennis, basketball, volleyball, etc. The school also has a swimming pool which is lying under construction for many years and has not started functioning and an indoor gym.

The school is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

The school has been performing very well in academics as well as sports. It is well known for its performance in N.T.S.E (National Talent Search Exam) all over India.

The school is run by the Sangat Sahib Bhai Pheru Sikh Educational Society, Faridkot, to provide education to children without regard to caste, creed and color.

Faridkot

Faridkot may refer to:

In India:

Faridkot, Punjab, a city in Punjab, India

Faridkot district

Faridkot (Lok Sabha constituency), one of the 13 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Punjab, India

Faridkot State, a former Princely StateIn Pakistan:

Faridkot, Khanewal, a village of Khanewal District, Punjab

Faridkot, Okara, a village in Okara District, Punjab

Faridkot, Pakpattan, a village in Pakpattan District, Punjab

Gurkeerat Singh

Gurkeerat Singh Mann (born 29 June 1990) is an Indian cricketer who plays as a lower-order batsman for Punjab in domestic cricket. A right-handed batsman and off break bowler, he is a member of the Royal Challengers Bangalore in IPL and a regular in India A team. Singh had a maiden call for the official Indian squad for the South Africa series in 2015. He made his One Day International debut for India against Australia on 17 January 2016.

Guru Gobind Singh Medical College

Guru Gobind Singh Medical College is a government school of medicine located in Faridkot, Punjab, India. .Giani Zail Singh, president of India (1982–1987) was one of the few people involved in bringing the medical college to the Faridkot city, when he was the Chief minister of Punjab in 1972–1977. The first batch came to GGS Medical College Faridkot during the year 1973 for MBBS course. Since then this medical College has trained over 50 doctors each year.

In year 2013, many allied health science subjects has started being taught at this medical college. One among them is Bachelor of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology (BASLP). GGS Medical College currently runs only graduate degree course and trains 10 Audiologists and Speech therapists every year.

Harjeet Brar Bajakhana

Harjeet Brar Bajakhana (5 September 1971 – 16 April 1998) was a professional kabaddi player. He was a Raider in circle style kabaddi. Harjeet Brar was born in Bajakhana village in Faridkot, Punjab. His life ended short when killed in a motor vehicle accident.

Harnek Singh

Harnek Singh is an Indian athlete. He is known as Subedar Harnek Singh Brar. He lives in Kot Sukiha Village Faridkot, Punjab, India.

He belongs to Jatt Sikh Brar Family.

Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale ([dʒəɾnɛl sɪ́ŋɡ pɪ̀ɳɖɾɑ̃ʋɑɭe], born Jarnail Singh Brar) (2 June 1947 – 6 June 1984) was a leader of the Sikh organization Damdami Taksal, and supporter of the Anandpur Resolution. He gained prominence due to his involvement in the 1978 Sikh-Nirankari clash. He symbolized the revivalist, extremist and terrorist movement in Punjab. In 1983, to escape arrest, he along with his militant cadre occupied and fortified the Sikh shrine Akal Takht. Operation Blue Star was launched to remove him and the armed militants from the Golden Temple complex.

Bhindranwale was the head of the orthodox Sikh religious school Damdami Taksal and held the title of missionary "Sant", a common religious title in Punjab. Over the period Bhindranwale grew up as a leader of Sikh militancy. There was dissatisfaction in some sections of the Sikh community with prevailing economic, social, and political conditions. Bhindranwale articulated these grievances as discrimination against Sikhs and the undermining of Sikh identity. The growth of Bhindranwale was not solely by his own efforts. In the late 1970s Indira Gandhi's Congress party supported Bhindranwale in a bid to split the Sikh votes and weaken the Akali Dal, its chief rival in Punjab. Congress supported the candidates backed by Bhindranwale in the 1978 SGPC elections. The Congress leader Giani Zail Singh allegedly financed the initial meetings of the separatist organisation Dal Khalsa. In the 1980 election, Bhindranwale supported Congress candidates. Bhindranwale was originally not very influential, but the activities of Congress elevated him to the status of a major leader by the early 1980s. This later turned out to be a miscalculation as Bhindranwale's separatist political objectives became popular among the agricultural Jat Sikhs in the region.In the summer of 1982, Bhindranwale and the Akali Dal launched the Dharam Yudh Morcha (battle for righteousness), with its stated aim being the fulfilment of a list of demands based on the Anandpur Sahib Resolution to create an autonomous state for Sikhs. Thousands of people joined the movement in the hope of acquiring a larger share of irrigation water and the return of Chandigarh to Punjab. Bhindranwale was responsible for the launching the Sikh militancy during the 1980s. Bhindranwale also increased the level of rhetoric on the perceived "assault" on Sikh values by the Hindu community.In 1982 Bhindranwale and his armed group moved to the Golden Temple complex and made it his headquarters. From inside the complex, Bhindranwale led the terrorist campaign in Punjab. In June 1984 Operation Blue Star was carried out by the Indian Army to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed militants from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib in the Golden Temple Complex. Bhindranwale died and the temple complex was cleared of militants.

Bhindranwale has remained a controversial figure in Indian history. While the Sikhs' highest temporal authority Akal Takht describe him a 'martyr', most Indians view him as a terrorist.

Jhok Sarkari

Jhok Sarkari is a village in Punjab. It located 25km away from Faridkot, Punjab. It is Basically Sandhu community's village, but with the time more communities migrated from other places. The population as per 2011 census was 1185 people. a big Ganges Canal (Rajasthan) passes through the village.

Kheti Virasat Mission

Kheti Virasat Mission (KVM) is a non-profit, civil society action group founded in 2005. It works in the field of sustainable agriculture, conservation of natural resources, environmental health and eco-sustainable technologies.KVM is registered as a trust, with head office at Jaitu, Faridkot, Punjab.

Kuldip Singh Brar

Kuldip Singh Brar (born 1934) is a retired Indian Army officer, who was involved in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. He commanded Operation Blue Star against Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and pro-Khalistan militants, who had amassed weapons inside the Golden Temple complex.

Machaki Mal Singh

Machaki Mal Singh is a small village located 7 km from Fardikot in the Indian state of Punjab. It is situated on the banks of the Rajasthan Feeder Canal. The village originated hundreds of years ago and is named after the first man who lived here, Mal Singh Sekhon. It has associations with Sikh guru, Gobind Singh, and Baba Joginder Singh Ji. The village natives built the Gurudwara Kareer Sahib and every February they hold a celebration in memory of Joginder Singh Ji.

Malwa College of Nursing

Malwa College of Nursing was established in Nov 2000 by Dr. Ravinder Singh. It is named after Malwa, a region of Punjab and headquartered in Kotkapura in the district of Faridkot in the state of Punjab .

Malwa College of Nursing is recognized by Indian Nursing Council [1] (I.N.C.) New Delhi, Punjab Nurses Registration Council Chandigarh [2], Punjab Govt. and affiliated to Baba Farid University of Health Sciences Faridkot.

The Malwa College of Nursing, Kotkapura is managed by The Malwa Educational Society (Regd.) Faridkot which was registered on 12 January 1999 under the Society Registration Act(XXI of 1860).

The Malwa College of Nursing is constructed on its own land near the Railway Crossing at Faridkot Road, Kotkapura (Faridkot district) Punjab (India). The College is situated at Bombay-Bathinda-Firozpur National Highway (indian railwaysTrack). Kotkapura is a Railway Junction on Firozpur-Bathinda-Delhi-Bombay line from where one Railway line also goes to Muktsar-Fazilka. It is also approachable by the Ludhiana-Moga-Kotkapura-Muktsar-Abohar National Highway and from Amritsar via National Highway-15. Malwa College is an ISO9001-2000 certified College.

Sadhu Singh

Professor Sadhu Singh is a member of parliament from Faridkot (Lok Sabha constituency). He won the Indian general election, 2014 as an Aam Aadmi Party candidate.

Saini Sisters

Saini Sisters is a popular epithet used for three sisters from Punjab who were international field hockey players, Rupa Saini, Krishna Saini and Prema Saini. At one time Saini sisters dominated woman's hockey in India and in the test series against Japan in 1970 all three sisters played together for India.Rupa Saini had a particularly successful career. She donned the Indian colours in the 1974 France and 1978 Madrid World Cups, apart from earning nearly 200 Test caps both in India and abroad. She also played in the 1979 world championships held in Vancouver. She also went on to win the prestigious Arjuna Award .Prema Saini, Rupa's elder sibling, was decorated with Maharaja Ranjit Singh Award by the Punjab government.Rupa Saini later went on earn a doctoral degree and was employed as a senior lecturer with the Government College of Physical Education in Patiala. She later went on to become principal, Govt. Mohindra college, Patiala. She has also been in the past appointed as a manager of the senior Indian team by the Indian Women Hockey Federation (IWHF).

Sant Singh

Brig Sant Singh was an officer in the Indian Army. He was one of the six officers of the Indian Army to have been decorated with the Maha Vir Chakra, India's second highest war time military decoration, twice. He was one of the Indian officers involved in training the Mukti Bahini, during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

Sukhbir Singh Badal

Sukhbir Singh Badal (born 9 July 1962) is an Indian politician and President of Shiromani Akali Dal, a Sikh political party. He was the Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab from 2009 to 2017. He is the son of Parkash Singh Badal , who served several times as Punjab Chief Minister.

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