Faridabad

Faridabad is the most populous and largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana. Its a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi[2] and located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it in the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.[3] Faridabad has been described as eighth fastest growing city in the world and third most in India by City Mayors Foundation survey.[4] As per the 2001 Delhi regional plan, Faridabad is part of the Delhi Metropolitan Area (DMA).[5]

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.[6]

Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana.[2] 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[7] Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

In 2018, Faridabad was considered by the World Health Organization as the world's second most polluted city.[8]

Faridabad
Crown plaza Faridabad
Most Beautiful Lake in Faridabad
Top: Crown plaza of Faridabad
Bottom: Lake near Surajkund in Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°ECoordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictFaridabad
Established1607
Named forShaikh Farid
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation of Faridabad
 • MayorSuman Bala
 • Senior Deputy MayorDevender Chaudhary
 • Deputy MayorManmohan Garg
Area
 • Total742.9 km2 (286.8 sq mi)
Elevation
198 m (650 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,404,653[1]
 • Density2,421/km2 (6,270/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Faridabadi/Fbd-ians
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0129
Vehicle registrationHR-51 (North)
HR-29 (South)
HR-87 (West)
HR-38 (Commercial)
DL-16 (Delhi NCR)
Websitefaridabad.nic.in
mcfaridabad.org

History

The modern phase of the city began under the Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project, with the foundations of industrial development being founded here by 1950.[9]

Geography

Climate

Faridabad
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
15
 
 
21
8
 
 
19
 
 
23
10
 
 
21
 
 
30
15
 
 
27
 
 
36
21
 
 
29
 
 
39
26
 
 
61
 
 
39
28
 
 
214
 
 
35
27
 
 
228
 
 
34
26
 
 
100
 
 
34
25
 
 
21
 
 
33
19
 
 
5
 
 
28
13
 
 
14
 
 
22
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[10]
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.6
 
 
70
46
 
 
0.7
 
 
73
50
 
 
0.8
 
 
86
59
 
 
1.1
 
 
97
70
 
 
1.1
 
 
102
79
 
 
2.4
 
 
102
82
 
 
8.4
 
 
95
81
 
 
9
 
 
93
79
 
 
3.9
 
 
93
77
 
 
0.8
 
 
91
66
 
 
0.2
 
 
82
55
 
 
0.6
 
 
72
46
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Faridabad has a borderline hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) just short of a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Cwa). The city features the three typical Indian seasons - The “hot” or pre-monsoon season lasts from late March to late June and is typified by sweltering and arid conditions that begin very dry but latterly turn humid. The “wet” or monsoon season is sweltering and often dangerously humid with frequent but erratic heavy rainfall. Following the retreat of the monsoon is the “cool” or winter season with warm and sunny weather producing by far the most comfortable conditions.

Climate data for Faridabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
30
(86)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
19
(66)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
19
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
214
(8.4)
228
(9.0)
100
(3.9)
21
(0.8)
5
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
752
(29.6)
Source: Weather 2[10]

Administration

The list is as below:[11]

S. No. Department Title Position Holder Qualification
1 Administration Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate Sh. Atul Kumar IAS
2 Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) Commissioner Smt. Anita Yadav IAS
3 Administration Additional Deputy Commissioner Sh. Jitender Dahiya HCS
4 Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) Chief Engineer Sh. D R Bhaskar
5 Judiciary District & Sessions Judge Sh. Deepak Gupta (Since 26.04.2017) HCS (Judicial)
6 Police Commissioner of Police Sh. Sanjay Kumar IPS

Economy

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana.[2] Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[12]

Taxation

Faridabad's share in total VAT collection in the state was 17% in 2012–13. For the same period, Faridabad's contribution to Central Sales Tax was 15% and to Entertainment Tax was 13%.[13][14]

Agriculture

Banas Dairy Faridabad
Amul Banas Dairy

Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated 250 crore (US$35 million)–300 crore (US$42 million) annually.[15]

Central government offices

Npti at night
National Power Training Institute Corporate Office, Faridabad

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab,[16] and Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. Institute such as National Council for Cement and Building Materials, a research and development institute under the ministry of commerce, and industry has its head office in Faridabad.[17]

The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.[18] The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.[19]

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited which is a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

Industries

Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana.[2] As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declining in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012–13.[14]

Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like Escorts Limited,[20] India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited,[21] JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D),[22] Larsen & Toubro (L&T),[23] Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear[24] Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad.[25][26] More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad.[27] Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad (Haryana).

Transportation and Connectivity

Rail

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi – Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.[28]

Metro

DelhiMetroVioletLine
Delhi Metro Violet Line

Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015.[29] There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated.[30] Metro has been recently elongated to Ballabhgarh with the addition of two stations- Sant Surdas Sihi and Raja Nahar Singh Ballabhgarh.

Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro.[31] Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 11 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.[32]

The 11 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkhal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk, Escorts Mujesar, Sant Surdas (Sihi) and Raja Nahar Singh.[33]

Road

Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).[34][35][36][37][38]

Airways

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad.[28] The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.[39]

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653 out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207.[1] The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.[40]

Education

Schools

Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Eicher School Sector-46, Manav Rachna International School, St. John's school, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city.[41] Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education.[42] There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government.[43] Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:

Higher education

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, medicine, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:

Healthcare

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad.[44][45] The city also has one Government Medical College Hospital named Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Faridabad[46]

Sports

Cricket

Nahar Singh Stadium
Nahar Singh Stadium

The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium has a seating capacity of approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.

Tourism

Badkhal Lake

Dried Badkhal lake
Dried Badkhal lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up.[47] The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969.[48] In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.[49]

Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair

LTD7K 5601 resize
SurajKund International Crafts Fair, Faridabad

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal.[50][51] Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela".[52] 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair.[53] The Suraj Kund Lake[54] here is surrounded by rock cut steps.

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair.[55] Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".[56]

Anangpur Dam

Surajkund dam "downstream" side
Surajkund dam downstream side

The Anagpur Dam, located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district of Haryana, India, is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the more famous Surajkund.

This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi from the Delhi – Mathura road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establishes by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi in the 8th century.[57][58][59]

Death Valley Surajkund

Religious Sites

  • Shri Salasar Balaji Evam Khatu Shyam Mandir Situated on Main Mathura Road, Ballabhgarh Faridabad
  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16[60]
  • Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad
  • Nagashri Temple in Sihi
  • Peer Ratan Nath Dargah Mandir
  • Sai Baba Mandir in Sector 16A
  • Sharon Fellowship Church in Sector 23
  • Sainik Mandir in Sainik Colony
  • Shri Triveni Hanuman Mandir at Gurgaon-Faridabad Expressway

Utilities

Faridabad has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India.[61] A live talk show on making Faridabad ‘a smart city’ was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium.[62][63] Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.[64]

Environment

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli from Faridabad waste disposal.[65]

Notable people

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Delhi and neighbourhood
  3. ^ "Lucknow, Warangal...2nd List Of Smart Cities Is Out: 10 Facts".
  4. ^ "City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". www.citymayors.com.
  5. ^ "Evaluation Study of DMA Towns in National Capital Region" (PDF). Town and Country Planning Organisation. Ministry of Urban Development. September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Acme Spaces". acmespaces.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015.
  7. ^ "The Tribune". 28 December 2005.
  8. ^ Dasgupta, Neha (16 May 2018). "With world's worst air, Indian city struggles to track pollution". Yahoo News. United States. Reuters. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
    "Indian city struggles with 'world's worst air'". Washington Post. United States. 16 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  9. ^ "District Faridabad" Archived 9 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine. http://faridabad.nic.in/. Accessed April 2016.
  10. ^ a b "August Climate History for Faridabad". Weather 2. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  11. ^ Administration, faridabad.nic.in, archived from the original on 30 July 2015
  12. ^ "Why only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about smart cities project". Firstpost.
  13. ^ Sharma, Sumedha (18 October 2015), ‘Smart’ Faridabad seeks monetary help from Gurgaon, Gurgaon: The Tribune, Tribune News Service
  14. ^ a b 70% of Haryana’s investment comes from Gurgaon, says industry body, Hindustan Times, 9 October 2015
  15. ^ Faridabad's henna industry dying due to stiff competition from other countries and state policy – timesofindia-economictimes
  16. ^ Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, RD &GR Government of India
  17. ^ Isha, Dewri (26 November 2018). "Haryana Ladli Yojana | What are the benefits of Ladli Yojna in Haryana". sarkariduniya. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  18. ^ HOME, Npti Delhi, 2012-03-25, retrieved 2015-10-31
  19. ^ "National Institute of Financial Management". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Best Tractor Manufacturing Companies India, Top Tractor Companies in India, Most Selling Tractor in India- Escorts Group - Escorts Group". www.escortsgroup.com.
  21. ^ "File not found".
  22. ^ Manohar, Asit (26 March 2012). "IOC Faridabad unit to pump in bio-fuel; R&D unit gearing to reduce pressure on conventional fuel". Times of India.
  23. ^ L&T-Gulf Private Limited Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ Abhishek Law. "Eye-wear e-tailer Lenskart looks at 150% growth this fiscal". The Hindu Business Line.
  26. ^ "Faridabad: Rents climbing, sleepy town is hot property". The Times of India.
  27. ^ "बाइक से लेकर हवाई जहाज तक के पुर्जे बनते फरीदाबाद में", Amar Ujala
  28. ^ a b Municipal Corporation Faridabad (2015), Faridabad Connectivity
  29. ^ "PM Narendra Modi travels by Delhi Metro", The Economic Times, 6 September 2015
  30. ^ "Faridabad Metro Corridor – Press Brief", Delhimetrorail.com, 2015-09-25
  31. ^ "Faridabad-Gurgaon Metro link set to become reality", Tribuneindia.com, 2014-12-16
  32. ^ "NCR's longest Metro line in Faridabad | delhi", Hindustan Times, 2012-01-23
  33. ^ "Faridabad Metro Corridor – Press Brief", delhimetrorail.com
  34. ^ "Two bridges across Yamuna to link Noida and Haryana". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Nod for road joining Greater Noida, Faridabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  36. ^ Tiwary, A K, Connectivity, smooth traffic, REAL GROWTH! FNG Expressway will be a boon for daily commuters once it is complete; also, it is emerging as a growth corridor for real estate development.
  37. ^ Kalindi Kunj bypass gets a go ahead at last, retrieved 27 July 2015
  38. ^ http://sofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Lieutenant-governor-clears-Kalindi-Kunj-bypass/articleshow/26757418.cms
  39. ^ "Indira Gandhi Delhi International Airport – Fact Sheet". newdelhiairport.in.
  40. ^ Census 2011 at a Glance (District Faridabad), archived from the original on 4 May 2015
  41. ^ "Top Ten schools of Faridabad | india". Hindustan Times. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  42. ^ Department Of School Education, Haryana. "Directorate of School Education, Haryana". Schooleducationharyana.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  43. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya". Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  44. ^ "Private Hospital in Faridabad". hospitalkhoj.com.
  45. ^ "Hospitals in Faridabad". faridabadonline.in.
  46. ^ "ESIC Medical College,Faridabad, Haryana". www.esicmcfbd.ac.in.
  47. ^ Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival, The Times of India, PTI, 8 June 2015
  48. ^ CM at BJP rally may look at Badkhal lake revival, Tribune, 7 June 2015
  49. ^ "Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival". The Times of India.
  50. ^ Vijay Kumar Gupta (1987). Tourism in India. Gyan Publishing House. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-81-212-0124-7.
  51. ^ "Suraj Kund - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India". Asi.nic.in. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  52. ^ Haryana to promote farmhouse tourism during Surajkund Mela, IBN Live, 11 July 2015
  53. ^ "29th Surajkund International Crafts Mela Ends". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  54. ^ D2I – Doors 2 India. Surajkund Crafts Mela, Suraj Kund, Faridabad Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. D2i.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-10.
  55. ^ "32nd Surajkund International Crafts Mela Begins". BookMyShow. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  56. ^ "China to showcase artifacts in Haryana's Surajkund fair | Business Standard News". Business-standard.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  57. ^ Sharma, Y.D (2001). Delhi and its Neighbourhood. Surjakund and Anagpur Dam. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 100–161. Archived from the original on 26 April 2003. Retrieved 5 September 2009. Page 100:Suraj Kund lies about 3 km south-east of Tughlaqabad in district Gurgaon—The reservoir is believed to have been constructed in the tenth century by King Surjapal of Tomar dynasty, whose existence is based on Bardic tradition. Page 101: About 2 km south-west of Surajkund, close to the village of Anagpur (also called Arangpur) is a dam ascribed to Anagpal of the Tomar Dynasty, who is also credited with building the Lal Kot
  58. ^ Peck, Lucy (2005). Delhi – A thousand years of Building. Suraj Kund dam and Surajkund tank. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8. Archived from the original on 2006-03-12. Retrieved 2009-09-05. One of the two significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street will lead you in to flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The flat land across which you have walked is clearly caused by centuries of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The land around has been vwey heavily quarried recently, so further archaeological finds are unlikely.
  59. ^ Anangpur Dam, archived from the original on 25 November 2009
  60. ^ "Digamber Jain Temples in Faridabad – Faridabad Digamber Jain Temples -Digamber Jain Mandir in Faridabad".
  61. ^ Faridabad is a proud participant in the Indian Smart Cities Challenge
  62. ^ Live talk show on Smart City project held in Faridabad
  63. ^ "फरीदाबाद डिवेलपमेंट अथॉरिटी जल्द!", Navbharat Times, 7 October 2015
  64. ^ "Haryana aims to install solar plants to replace old thermal plants", The Economic Times, 15 March 2016
  65. ^ Activists move NGT to save Aravalli in Faridabad, Gurgaon
  66. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  67. ^ ["Faridabad ex-MP to contest UP assembly polls – Times of India" "Faridabad ex-MP to contest UP assembly polls – Times of India"] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)

Sources

External links

Badkhal Lake

Badkhal Lake was a natural lake situated in Badkhal village near Faridabad, in the Indian state of Haryana, about 32 kilometers from Delhi.

Fringed by the hills of the Aravalli Range this was a man-made embankment. Owing to unchecked mining in neighbouring areas, the lake has now totally dried up. There are functional Haryana Tourism restaurants in the vicinity. A flower show is held every spring here. Its name is most probably derived from the Persian word bedakhal, which means free from interference. Close to Badkhal Lake, is the Peacock Lake, which is another picturesque spot. It is an important biodiversity area contiguous to Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary within the Northern Aravalli leopard wildlife corridor.

Ballabhgarh

Balramgarh, formerly known as Ballabhgarh, is a town and a tehsil (subdistrict) in Faridabad District of Haryana, India, and is part of the National Capital Region. The town was founded by Raja Balram Singh , in 1739, who also built the Nahar Singh Mahal palace in the same year. Raja Nahar Singh (1823–1858) was the last king of the princely state, he was executed for taking part in the 1857 war of independence in 1858. The kingdom of Ballabhgarh was only 20 miles (32 km) from Delhi, and today lies on the National Highway 2, a major portion of historical Grand Trunk Road. It is connected to Faridabad and south-east Delhi by the Delhi Metro. Ballabhgarh is the fourth city in Haryana to get metro connectivity after Gurgaon, Faridabad and Bahadurgarh.

Delhi Faridabad Skyway

Delhi Faridabad Skyway (dfskyway) is a 4.4 km six-lane elevated highway that connects Delhi with Faridabad, a prominent city in National Capital Region. It was inaugurated on November 29, 2010. The project was undertaken by Concessionaire Badarpur Faridabad Tollway Limited, a subsidiary of Hindustan Construction Company Limited. The skyway begins at Badarpur, Delhi and ends at sector 37, Faridabad.It is part of National Highway 2 (NH-2).

Delhi Suburban Railway

Delhi Suburban Railway is a suburban rail service operated by Northern Railway for the National Capital Region. This railway service covers Delhi, along with the adjoining districts of Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Sonipat and other adjoining places in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. These services are mostly run using EMU and MEMU rakes. This also includes passenger trains and DMU services up to Rewari in Haryana, which is also considered part of the National Capital Region.

Delhi railway division

Delhi railway division is one of the five railway divisions under Northern Railway zone (NR) of Indian Railways. This railway division was formalised in 1952 and its headquarter is located at Delhi in the state of Delhi. The division is headed by Divisional Railway Manager (DRM), based at DRM Office, State entry Road, near New Delhi Railway Station.

Delhi Division has a route of 1,386.82 km (861.73 mi) with 213 stations. The Division handles 496 Passenger carrying trains and 210 Freight trains every day.This Division serves a number of historical places like Delhi, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Meerut, Palwal, Faridabad and industrial cities like Badli, Narela, Sonipat, Panipat, Karnal, Guldhar, Modi Nagar, Partapur, Faridabad, Ballabhgarh, Palwal, Delhi Cantt, Gurgaon etc. Meerut cantt & Delhi cantt are important Military bases of Indian Army.Ambala railway division, Firozpur railway division, Lucknow NR railway division and Moradabad railway division are the other railway divisions under NR Zone headquartered at New Delhi.

Escorts Mujesar metro station

Escorts Mujesar is an elevated station on the Violet Line of the Delhi Metro. It is located after Bata Chowk station located in Faridabad, as of 6 September 2015.

Faridabad district

Faridabad district is one of the 22 districts of the Indian state of Haryana with Faridabad city being the district headquarters. The Delhi-Mathura-Agra National Highway 2 (Grand Trunk Road) passes through the centre of the district, which occupies an area of 741 square kilometres (286 sq mi) and as of the 2011 census of India had a population of 1,809,733. Haryana government has created a new Faridabad division which would cover the districts – Faridabad, Nuh and Palwal.As of 2011 it was the second most populous district of Haryana after Gurugram district.

Faridabad division

Faridabad Division is one of the six divisions of Haryana state of India. It comprises the districts of Faridabad, Palwal and Nuh. It was announced in January 2017 and approved by the Haryana cabinet on 2 February 2017.

Haryana

Haryana (IPA: [ɦərɪˈjaːɳaː]) is one of the 29 states in India. Situated in Northern India with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)) of India's land area, it is ranked 22nd in terms of area. Haryana has many archaeological sites associated with the ancient Indus Valley civilization and the Vedic Kuru Kingdom. The city of Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,848 villages and 6222 villages panchayats.As the largest recipient of investment per capita since 2000 in India, and among one of the wealthiest and most economically developed regions in South Asia, Haryana has the fifth highest per capita income among Indian states and union territories at ₹180,174 (US$2,500) against the national average of ₹112,432 (US$1,600) for year 2016–17. Haryana's 2017-18 estimated state GSDP of US$95 billion (52% services, 34% industries and 14% agriculture) is growing at 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR and placed on the 13th position behind only much bigger states, is also boosted by 30 SEZs (mainly along DMIC, ADKIC and DWPE in NCR), 7% national agricultural exports, 65% of national Basmati rice export, 67% cars, 60% motorbikes, 50% tractors and 50% refrigerators produced in India. Faridabad has been described as eighth fastest growing city in the world and third most in India by City Mayors Foundation survey. In services, Gurugram ranks number 1 in India in IT growth rate and existing technology infrastructure, and number 2 in startup ecosystem, innovation and livability (Nov 2016).Among the world's oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old. Rich in history, monuments, heritage, flora and fauna, human resources and tourism with well developed economy, national highways and state roads, it is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh, by Rajasthan to the west and south, and Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since Haryana surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides (north, west and south), consequently a large area of Haryana is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mothuka, Faridabad

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mothuka, Faridabad is located in Ballabgarh tehsil, Faridabad district of Haryana, India. It is a part of the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya system of alternate schools for gifted students in India.

Nahar Singh Mahal

Nahar Singh Mahal is located at Ballabhgarh in Faridabad district of Haryana. This fort was built by the forefathers of Jat Raja Nahar Singh around 1739 AD, and after whom Ballabgarh was named, the construction however continued in parts till about 1850. The fort is also known as Raja Nahar Singh Palace.

Nahar Singh Stadium

The Nahar Singh Stadium previously known as Mayur Stadium is a cricket stadium in the Indian city of Faridabad.

The ground has seen cavalier innings by Douglas Marillier with sweep shots above the keeper's head to deny India a victory, or most recently, a hard-fought steady knock from Suresh Raina to snatch victory away

Stadium is named after Indian Rebellion of 1857 Nahar Singh. As of 11 Sept, 2018 it has hosted 8 ODIs.

Old Faridabad metro station

Faridabad Old is an elevated station on the Violet Line of the Delhi Metro. It is located between Badkhal Mor and Neelam Chowk Ajronda station on the line from 6.This metro station is closest to Old Faridabad railway station.

Palla barrage

The Palla barrage is a barrage located in Palla on the Yamuna-Faridabad canal in Faridabad district of Haryana state in India. This irrigation canal runs to the west of Yaumna through Fridabad, Palwal, Mathura and Agra districts where it terminates in the farms. Palla, Faridabad is not to be confused with Palla, Delhi, a Yamuna pollution monitoring station 23 km upstream of Wazirabad barrage.

Pilatus PC-12

The Pilatus PC-12 is a single-engine turboprop passenger and cargo aircraft manufactured by Pilatus Aircraft of Stans, Switzerland since 1991. The main market for the aircraft is corporate transport and regional airliner operators. The PC-12 is the best-selling pressurized single-engine turbine-powered aircraft in the world and has been for several consecutive years, with 1,500 deliveries as of June 2017.

Sarai metro station

Sarai is an elevated station on the Violet Line of the Delhi Metro. It is located between Badarpur and NHPC Chowk station on the line 6 in Faridabad district of Haryana.

Surajkund

Surajkund (सुरजकुण्ड) is an ancient reservoir of the 10th century located on Southern Delhi Ridge of Aravalli range in Faridabad city of Haryana state about 8 km (5 miles) from South Delhi.

Surajkund (literal meaning is 'Lake of the Sun') is an artificial Kund (‘Kund’ means "lake" or reservoir) built in the backdrop of the Aravalli hills with an amphitheatre shaped embankment constructed in semicircular form. It is said to have been built by the king Suraj Pal of Tomar dynasty in the 10th century. Tomar was a sun worshipper and he had therefore built a Sun temple on its western bank. It is an important biodiversity area contiguous to Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary within the Northern Aravalli leopard wildlife corridor.

Surajkund is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Craft Mela", 2015 edition of this fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in it.Another 'kund' by the same name as ‘Suraj Kund’ existed in Sunam city, tahsil and sub-division of the Sangrur District in Punjab. This was sacked by Mahmood Ghaznvi or Taimur Lane. The temple is now in ruins.

Tourism in Haryana

Tourism in Haryana relates to tourism in the state of Haryana, India. There are 21 tourism hubs created by Haryana Tourism, which are located in Ambala, Bhiwani Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Sirsa, Sonipat, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Yamunanagar, Palwal and Mahendergarh.Haryana is officially part of Mahabharata and Krishna tourism development circuit plans of government of India and government of Haryana.

Violet Line (Delhi Metro)

The Violet Line is one of the eight lines of the Delhi Metro, a rapid transit system in Delhi, India. The line connects Kashmere Gate station in New Delhi with Raja Nahar Singh in Ballabhgarh via Faridabad. The line consists of 32 metro stations with a total length of 43.285 kilometres (26.896 mi). The Central Secretariat - Sarita Vihar section of the line was opened on 3 October 2010 and was extended to Badarpur on 14 January 2011.

The line was extended from Central Secretariat up to Mandi House on 26 June 2014 and further extended to ITO on 8 June 2015. The line was further extended to Kashmere Gate metro station via Delhi Gate, Jama Masjid and Lal Qila on 28 May 2017. The stretch between ITO and Kashmere Gate metro station is popularly known as the Heritage Line. This line acts as a parallel link for those, who travel in the heavily used Yellow Line and connects the interior parts of South Delhi, a little of Central Delhi to the satellite town of Faridabad.An extension southwards till Escorts Mujesar in Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 September 2015. Furthermore, a small section southwards was extended to Raja Nahar Singh in Ballabhgarh and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 19 November 2018.

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