Falstaff Brewing Corporation

The Falstaff Brewing Corporation was a major American brewery located in St. Louis, Missouri. With roots in the 1838 Lemp Brewery of St. Louis, the company was renamed after the Shakespearean character Sir John Falstaff in 1903. Production peaked in 1965 with 7,010,218 barrels brewed, and then dropped 70% in the next 10 years.[1] While its smaller labels linger on today, its main label Falstaff Beer went out of production in 2005.[2] The rights to the brand are currently owned by Pabst Brewing Company.

Falstaff Brewing Corporation
IndustryAlcoholic beverage
Founded1903 in St. Louis, MO
Key people
John Adam Lemp, founder;
William J. Lemp,
Griesedieck Brothers
ProductsBeers, lagers,
malt beverages
OwnerPabst Brewing Company

History

MidCity10May06FalstaffLowBlgDoorway
Doorway of the former Falstaff Brewery building in New Orleans with the "Falstaff" name and logo, as well as post-Hurricane Katrina floodlines

Falstaff Brewing's earliest form was as the Lemp Brewery, founded in 1840 in St. Louis by German immigrant Johann Adam Lemp (1798-1862). Over the next 80 years, the Lemp family was devastated by personal tragedies as it built its beer empire over the caves of St. Louis. It adopted its famous "Blue Ribbon" moniker quickly, as an 1898 trial proved when it took the Storz Brewing Company of Omaha to court for tying blue ribbons on its bottles, and won.[3] The Lemp Brewery company closed in 1921, and sold its Falstaff brand to the then-named Griesedieck Beverage Company. Griesedieck Beverage was renamed the Falstaff Corporation and survived Prohibition by selling near beer, soft drinks, and cured hams under the Falstaff name.[4][5] Falstaff Brewing was a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange, which was rare for a brewing industry in which families closely guarded their ownership.[5]

Falstaff Brewery - 2012
Falstaff Brewery in 2012

When Prohibition was repealed in 1933, the first two cases of beer to be made by the brewery were airlifted from nearby Curtiss Stienberg Airport to the governors of Illinois and Missouri.[6] After Prohibition, the company expanded greatly. Its first acquisition was the 1936 purchase of the Krug Brewery in Omaha, which made Falstaff the first brewery to operate plants in two different states.[2] Other facilities bought in this period included the National Brewery of New Orleans in 1937, the Berghoff Brewing Company of Fort Wayne, Indiana, in 1954, the Galveston-Houston Brewing Company of Galveston, Texas, in 1956, and the Mitchell Brewing Company of El Paso in 1956.[4]

Old Falstaff Brewry
Abandoned Falstaff Brewry in Galveston
Falstaff Brewery (1455751858)
The Falstaff Brewery located in the north side of St. Louis.

Falstaff was the third-largest brewer in America by the 1960s, with several plants across the country. The 1965 acquisition of another company, the Narragansett Brewing Company of Rhode Island, proved disastrous, with the state government of Rhode Island pursuing an antitrust case against them. The Supreme Court found in Falstaff's favor in United States v. Falstaff Brewing Corp. (1973),[7] but the company never recovered.

Fortunes declined throughout the 1970s as consolidation swept the beer industry, and the company was bought in April 1975 by the S&P Company, owned by Paul Kalmanovitz. In the interim, Chicago White Sox announcer Harry Caray endorsed the brew in live TV commercials, many times with a glass of beer in his hand and sipping it. Kalmanovitz also owns General Brewing, Pabst, Pearl, Olympia, and Stroh's.[4] That year, the company ranked 11th in sales nationally,[5] and the original St. Louis plant was closed. Subsequent closures included New Orleans in 1979, Cranston and Galveston in 1981, and Omaha in 1983.[8] After the 1990 closing of the last Falstaff brewery in Fort Wayne, the brand name became a licensed property of Pabst, which continued to produce Falstaff Beer through other breweries. Having sold only 1468 barrels of the brand during 2004, Pabst discontinued production of the Falstaff label in May 2005.[9][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Yenne, B. (2004) Great American Beers: Twelve Brands That Became Icons. Motorbooks International. p 41.
  2. ^ a b "Falstaff Brewing Corporation" Archived 2008-05-03 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 4/1/2008.
  3. ^ Yenne, B. (2004) p 106.
  4. ^ a b c Tremblay, V.J. (2005) The U.S. Brewing Industry: Data and Economic Analysis. MIT Press. p. 96.
  5. ^ a b c Mittleman, A. Brewing Battles: History of American Beer. Algora Publishing. p 110.
  6. ^ "A New Home for the Museum". Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  7. ^ "United States, Appellant, v. Falstaff Brewing Corporation et al". 410 U.S. 526 (93 S.Ct. 1096, 35 L.Ed.2d 475). Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  8. ^ Yenne, B. (2004) p 45.
  9. ^ Falstaff Brewing fansite Archived 2013-01-10 at Archive.today Retrieved 4/1/2008.
  10. ^ "History of brewing in St. Louis" Archived 2008-02-28 at the Wayback Machine, Schlafly Beer. Retrieved 4/1/2008.
Barry-Wehmiller

Barry-Wehmiller Companies is a global supplier of manufacturing technology and services based in St. Louis, Missouri. In 2016 it was ranked no. 10 on the St. Louis Business Journal's list of the city's Top 150 Privately Held Companies.Although it was founded in 1885 as a maker of machinery for the brewing industry, since 1987 Barry-Wehmiller has acquired more than 80 companies that provide equipment and services for a variety of industries: packaging, paper converting, sheeting, corrugating, engineering and IT consulting.

Barry-Wehmiller's Chairman and CEO, Bob Chapman, is co- author of the book Everybody Matters: The Extraordinary Power of Caring For Your People Like Family. He regularly writes about issues relating to leadership and workplace culture on his blog, Truly Human Leadership.

Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company

The Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company was a brewery in Newark, New Jersey founded by Gottfried Krueger and John Laible (Gottfried's Uncle) in 1858. The company produced Krueger Beer, which was the first beer to be produced in cans on January 24, 1935.

Griesedieck Brothers beer

Griesedieck Brothers Beer is a historic St. Louis beer brand that has been reintroduced after years of absence. The Griesedieck family once owned three St. Louis-area breweries, Griesedieck Brothers Brewery, Griesedieck Western Brewery Co. in Belleville, Illinois (producers of Stag Beer) and the Falstaff Brewing Corporation, producer of Falstaff Beer.

Haffenreffer Brewery

The Haffenreffer Brewery, established in 1870, was a former brewer in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. The first Haffenreffer bottles were plate mold bottles and were produced by Karl Hutter of New York and had the traditional lightning stop tops. According to Haffenreffer company records later in 1876 the Haffenreffer Brewery contracted with Dean Foster and Company of Boston to aid in the production of bottles for the brewery and the growing demand. Starting in 1893 all Haffenreffer bottles were produced with Karl Hutter stoppers. Haffenreffer Private Stock, a legacy of the original Haffenreffer & Co. product line, is a brand of malt liquor that ceased production in 2013. It had several nicknames: "The Green Monster", (referring to the left field wall at Fenway Park), "Haffenwrecker" and "The Green Death" all due to relatively high alcohol content. It was notable due to the Rebus puzzles under the bottle cap, and due to the label recommendation of consuming it "on the rocks", or over ice.

Jack Lorenz

John R. "Jack" Lorenz (March 14, 1939 – March 2, 2009) was an American environmental activist who led the Izaak Walton League. He served the League for nearly two decades. Lorenz was a vocal advocate for ethical use of outdoor spaces and lobbied off-road vehicle manufacturers to avoid advertisements depicting and glorifying irresponsible treatment of forests and streams. An avid fisherman, Lorenz fished in all 50 states and all of Canada’s provinces.

John Ballantine House

The John Ballantine House was the home of Jeannette Boyd (1838–1919) and John Holme Ballantine (1834–1895). John was the son of Peter Ballantine, founder of the Ballantine beer brewery, and became president of the family business in 1883 after his father died. Ballantine died in 1895 of throat cancer.The house was built in 1885 at 49 Washington Street in the Washington Park section of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. It is now part of the Newark Museum and is open to the public for tours.

Krug Brewery

The Fred Krug Brewery was located at 2435 Deer Park Boulevard in Omaha, Nebraska. Founded in 1859, Krug Brewery was the first brewery in the city. Krug was one of the "Big 4" brewers located in Omaha, which also included the Storz, Willow Springs and Metz breweries. Later sold to Falstaff in 1936, the facility closed in 1987.

Laser (malt liquor)

Laser is a brand of malt liquor manufactured by the Miller Brewing Company and Falstaff Brewing Company. The beverage contains 5.9% alcohol by volume. In 1997, Falstaff won a silver medal at the Great American Beer Festival for Laser Malt Liquor.

Lemp Brewery

The Lemp Brewery was a beer brewing company established in 1840 in St. Louis, Missouri that was acquired by the Griesedieck Beverage Company in 1920, which subsequently became the Falstaff Brewing Corporation. The brewery complex property consists of 27 buildings on a 13.7-acre (0.055 km2) site in the Marine Villa neighborhood. St. Louisian Steve DeBellis has been the owner of the Lemp Brewing Company trademark since 1988.

Lemp Mansion

The Lemp Mansion (3322 DeMenil Place, St. Louis, Missouri) is a historical house in Benton Park, St. Louis, Missouri. It is also the site of three suicides by Lemp family members after the death of the son Frederick Lemp, whose William J. Lemp Brewing Co. dominated the St. Louis beer market before Prohibition with its Falstaff beer brand. The mansion is said to be haunted by members of the Lemp family.

List of breweries in Missouri

Breweries in Missouri produce a wide range of beers in different styles that are marketed locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally. The greatest concentration of breweries is in the Greater St. Louis area, which is home to at least 22 different breweries, including a number of brewpubs and microbreweries. St. Louis is also the North American headquarters of Anheuser-Busch InBev, one of the world's largest brewers. Brewing companies vary widely in the volume and variety of beer produced, from small nanobreweries and microbreweries to massive multinational conglomerate macrobreweries.

In 2012 Missouri's 58 brewing establishments (including breweries, brewpubs, importers, and company-owned packagers and wholesalers) employed 3,890 people directly, and more than 21,000 others in related jobs such as wholesaling and retailing. Altogether 51 people in Missouri had active brewer permits in 2012.Including people directly employed in brewing, as well as those who supply Missouri's breweries with everything from ingredients to machinery, the total business and personal tax revenue generated by Missouri's breweries and related industries was more than $2.5 billion. Consumer purchases of Missouri's brewery products generated more than $142 million extra in tax revenue. In 2012, according to the Brewers Association, Missouri ranked 23rd in the number of craft breweries per capita with 47.For context, at the end of 2013 there were 2,822 breweries in the United States, including 2,768 craft breweries subdivided into 1,237 brewpubs, 1,412 microbreweries and 119 regional craft breweries. In that same year, according to the Beer Institute, the brewing industry employed around 43,000 Americans in brewing and distribution and had a combined economic impact of more than $246 billion.

Major League Baseball on television

The following is a detailed description of the various television networks (both broadcast and cable), rights fees, and announcers who have called Major League Baseball games throughout the years (from the late 1930s through the present).

Major League Baseball on television in the 1950s

In 1950, the Mutual Broadcasting System acquired the television as well as radio broadcast rights to the World Series and All-Star Game for the next six years. Mutual may have been reindulging in dreams of becoming a television network or simply taking advantage of a long-standing business relationship; in either case, the broadcast rights were sold to NBC in time for the following season's games at an enormous profit.

Narragansett Brewing Company

The Narragansett Brewing Company ( NARR-ə-GAN-sit) is an American brewery founded in Cranston, Rhode Island in 1890. Founders included John H. Fehlberg, Augustus F. Borchandt, Herman G. Possner, George M. Gerhard, Constand A. Moeller, and Jacob Wirth.Narragansett was formerly the number one selling brand in New England, but it now occupies a relatively narrow segment of the market. It was originally brewed in the city of Cranston, and was famous for its drinkability and the advertising slogan, "Hi, Neighbor, have a 'Gansett!," most famously uttered by Boston Red Sox announcer Curt Gowdy.

National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Louis north and west of downtown

This is a list of properties and historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places within the city limits of St. Louis, Missouri, north of Interstate 64 and west of Downtown St. Louis. For listings in Downtown St. Louis, see National Register of Historic Places listings in Downtown and Downtown West St. Louis. For those south of I-64 and west of downtown, see National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Louis south and west of downtown. For listings in St. Louis County and outside the city limits of St. Louis, see National Register of Historic Places listings in St. Louis County, Missouri.

P. Ballantine and Sons Brewing Company

P. Ballantine and Sons Brewing Company was an American brewery founded in 1840, making Ballantine one of the oldest brands of beer in the United States. At its peak, it was the 3rd largest brewer in the US. The brand is currently owned and operated by Pabst Brewing Company. Throughout history it is best known for its Ballantine XXX Ale; however, in August 2014 Ballantine IPA relaunched and has been received with very favorable reviews. This is Pabst's foray into the craft beer market.

Pabst Brewing Company

The Pabst Brewing Company () is an American company that dates its origins to a brewing company founded in 1844 by Jacob Best and was, by 1889, named after Frederick Pabst. It is currently a holding company which contracts the brewing of over two dozen brands of beer and malt liquor: these include its own flagship Pabst Blue Ribbon, as well as brands from now defunct breweries including P. Ballantine and Sons Brewing Company, G. Heileman Brewing Company, Lone Star Brewing Company, Pearl Brewing Company, Piels Bros., Valentin Blatz Brewing Company, National Brewing Company, Olympia Brewing Company, Falstaff Brewing Corporation, Primo Brewing & Malting Company, Rainier Brewing Company, F & M Schaefer Brewing Company, Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company, Jacob Schmidt Brewing Company and Stroh Brewery Company. About half of the beer produced under Pabst's ownership is Pabst Blue Ribbon brand, with the other half their other owned brands.The company is also responsible for the brewing of Ice Man Malt Liquor, St. Ides High Gravity Malt Liquor, and retail versions of beers from McSorley's Old Ale House and Southampton Publick House (of Southampton, New York).Pabst is headquartered in Los Angeles, California. On November 13, 2014, Pabst announced that it had completed its sale to Blue Ribbon Intermediate Holdings, LLC. Blue Ribbon is a partnership between Russian-American beer entrepreneur Eugene Kashper and TSG Consumer Partners, a San Francisco–based private equity firm. Prior reports suggested the price agreed upon was around $700 million.In 2017, the company opened the Pabst Milwaukee Brewery, a brewpub located in an old chapel on the original Milwaukee Pabst Brewery campus, that brews relatively small batches of craft-type beers and long-discontinued, historic Pabst brands (such as Old Tankard and Andeker).

Private Stock (malt liquor)

Haffenreffer Private Stock (commonly referred to as P-Stock, The Green Death, Heffy's, Haffen-Wrecker or The Golden Cap) is a brand of malt liquor first brewed in 1953 at the Haffenreffer Brewery in Jamaica Plain, Boston. In 1965, production of the brand moved to Narragansett Brewing Company in Rhode Island and then to the Falstaff Brewing Company. It was brewed in Latrobe, Pennsylvania and Utica, New York under license from Haffenreffer & Co. Known for its tagline "The malt liquor with the imported taste", it contained 5.9% alcohol by volume, and commonly was found in 16 oz cans and 40 oz bottles, it is also available in six packs.

Over the years, Private Stock was associated with both celebrities and athletes. Wilt Chamberlain promoted Private Stock with the tagline "Nobody does it bigger."One notable aspect of Private Stock packaging is that the undersides of Private Stock bottle caps contained words or Rebus puzzles.Private Stock was discontinued in 2013.

Saint Louis Science Center

The Saint Louis Science Center, founded as a planetarium in 1963, is a collection of buildings including a science museum and planetarium in St. Louis, Missouri, on the southeastern corner of Forest Park. With over 750 exhibits in a complex of over 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2), it is among the largest of its type in the United States.

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